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Integrated Waste Processing Plant on PPP (Build

Operate Own) Process Rajkot Municipal Corporation

The Rajkot Municipal Corporation (RMC) used to collect a total of 300 metric tonne (MT)/day of waste
from all wards of the city and transport it to the dumpsite at Manda Dungar, situated 8 kms from the
city. The site was not designed as a landfill site as per rules and had no provisions for covering or
groundwater protection. The waste was mixed waste, which wasnt segregated into recyclables, bio
degradable and inserts. Major drawbacks of the practices were foul odour, increasing number of fire
disasters and ground water contamination due to the open dumping.

Post the implementation of Municipal Solid Waste Management Rules 2000, there was a felt need for
establishing a waste processing plant. However, this required heavy initial investment and moreover,
impact of such plants across India were not encouraging. The main problems faced by other urban
local bodies in setting up a waste processing plant were high initial investment, high operating and
maintenance cost, and difficulty in establishing a market for the byproduct such as compost manure,
pellets etc.


To adhere to the Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) guidelines, RMC placed an advertisement
in local newspaper inviting interested parties for installing an integrated solid waste management
plant. Few proposals came in and after scrutinizing all proposals, Hanger Biotech Energies Pvt. Ltd.
(HBEPL) was short listed for further discussions. After a series of detailed technical discussions and
presentations, suitability of HBEPL was ascertained. The Standing Committee of RMC passed a
resolution in June 2003 to confirm the contract for establishment of the waste processing plant. It was
decided that RMC and HBEPL would establish Waste Processing Plant on Built Own Operate (BOO)
basis. The plant started full fledged operations in April, 2006. RMC had acquired a land of 100 acres
for the purpose of developing of a sanitary landfill site and Waste Processing Plant on lease of 200
years. This was a wasteland and hence could be utilized for construction of a landfill site. Out of 100
acres, 30 acres of land was given to HBEPL, for establishment of Waste Processing Plant on a lease
basis at the rate of Rs. one per sq meter per year. In other words, the land was leased to HBEPL for Rs.

4048 per acre per year. The construction work for plant started on 7 June 2005.

The salient features of agreement have been enlisted below:

Role of HBEPL

Lease rental for land at rate at Rs. one per sq m

Installation and commissioning of waste conversion and processing plant. Penalty of Rs. 1 million in
case of failure to set up plant.

Entire liability of the equipments involved in waste conversion processing plant would be of HBEPL.

All products received as output of the waste conversion and processing plant would be the assets of

HBEPL would be responsible for marketing and sale of recovered products, byproducts, co products
and all the revenue generated would go to HBEPL.

Role of RMC

To lease 30 acres of land for setting up of processing plant and warehouse facilities for the period of
seven years.
No financial assistance from RMC to HBEPL
To deliver 300 metric tonnes of waste per day to the plant.

To provide utilities like access road up to entrance of premises of plant, water supply up to 0.2 million
litres per day, electricity power line (user charges for such utilities to be borne by HBEPL)

Proper disposal of mixed heterogeneous rejected waste not required by the Waste Processing plant.

MSW from Rajkot City by Dumpers at


Segregation (100%)

Wet Organic

Dry Organic



Compost (Sampada)

Green Coal (Fuel)

Plastic, Metal,

Eco Brick for

20% 30 %



Coconut Shell


Residue Inert

Material for Landfill


Rajkot Municipal












The Solid Waste Management Process:

Collection and Transportation: Waste from the city is brought in dumpers and brought into waste
processing plant, where it is weighed and taken for stages of processing as shown in the chart at the
left bottom.

Segregation: The waste is then segregated into wet organic waste, dry organic waste, recyclable waste
(plastic, metal, etc.) and inert materials.

Wet Organic Waste: Gets transformed into organic compost.

Dry Organic Waste: Utilized for making green coal or fluff as it is commercially called and is used as a
fuel in industries.

Recyclable Waste: Fifth stage of entire process is segregation of recyclable waste like rubber, metal,
plastic which has economic importance in the junk market.

Inert Materials: 1015 percent of total waste goes to sanitary landfill site. HBEPL utilizes fine grit and
inert material (almost 20 to 35 percent of total inert

material) for making bricks by mixing it with fly ash.


The Integrated Waste Processing Plant is first of its kind which has utilized nearly 85 to 90
percent of waste and only leaves behind 10 to 15 percent of total waste as rejects.


Documented by Urban Management Centre; 3 Floor, AUDA Building, Usmanpura,

Ahmedabad;; 079 27546403; 5303