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Percent and Percentages

1. Suppose you bought something that was priced at Rs. 695 and the total bill was Rs. 761.
What is the sales tax rate in the city (if the difference is accounted for by sales tax)?
2. If 8 out of 20 students in a class are boys, then what percent of the class is made up of
3. 18 is 40% of what number?
4. At Little Feet school, 476 students ride their cycles to school. If this number is 85% of the
school enrollment, then how many students are enrolled in the school?
5. In a department store, a pair of socks that regularly sell for Rs. 60 is marked, Save 15%.
What is the sale price of the socks?
6. At Blue Mountain school, enrollment decreased from 590 students in 2006 to 579 students
in 2007. what is the percent decrease in enrollment? (round your answer to the nearest
tenth of a percent)
7. The price of an item was changed from Rs. 120 to Rs. 100. Then the price was reduced
further from Rs. 100 to Rs. 80. Which of the two percent decreases was larger in percentage
8. A family had dinner in a restaurant and paid Rs. 1500 for food. They also had to pay 9.5%
sales tax and 10% for the tip. How much did they pay for the dinner?
9. Write 0.0325 as a percent
10.A shop is offering discounts on shirts costing Rs. 1000 each. If someone buys 2 shirts, he will
be offered a discount of 15% on the first shirt and another 10% discount on the reduced
price on the second shirt. How much would one pay for two shirts at this shop?
11.Sohan invested Rs. 50,000 for two years. For the first year, the rate of interest was 7%, and
the second year it was 8.5%. How much interest did he earn at the end of the two year
12.Out of a world population of approximately 6.6 billion, 1.2 billion people live in the richer
countries of Europe, North America, Japan and Oceania and is growing at the rate of 0.25%
per year, while the other 5.4 billion people live in the lees developed countries and is
growing at the rate of 1.5%. What will be the world population in 5 years if we assume that
these rates of increase will stay constant for the next 5 years. (round answer to 3 significant
13.Chandu invested one part of her Rs. 10,000 at 7.5% per year and the other part at 8.5% per
year. Her income from the two investments was Rs. 820. How much did she invest at each
14.The monthly salary of a shop assistant is the sum of a fixed salary of Rs. 1500 plus 5% of all
monthly sales. What should the monthly sales be so that her monthly salary reaches Rs.
15.A chemist has a 20% and a 40% acid solutions. What amount of each solution should be
used in order to make 300 ml of a 28% acid solution?
16.Write 0.78 as a percent
17.If the price of petrol increases by 25% and Ranjan intends to spend only 15% more on
petrol, then by how much % should he reduce the quantity of petrol that he buys?
18.The wages earned by Ramesh is 30% more than that earned by Ela. The wages earned by
Chaman is 60% more than that earned by Ela. How much % is the wages earned by Chaman
more than that earned by Ramesh?
19.In an election contested by two parties, Party D secured 12% of the total votes more than
Party R. If party R got 132,000 votes, by how many votes did it lose the election?
20.What is the % change in the area of a rectangle when its length increases by 10% and its
width decreases by 10%?

21.After having to pay increased income taxes this year, Dharmesh has to sell his motorcycle.
Edmond bought it for Rs. 49,000, but he sold it for a 20% loss. What did Dharmesh sell the
motorcycle for?
22.Dharni just hired a new employee to work in her bakery. In one hour, the employee burned
625 chocolate chip cookies. If this represented 25% of the days production, how many
cookies did Dharni plan on producing that day?
23.A tour group of 25 people paid a total of Rs. 630 for entrance to a museum. If this price
included a 5% sales tax, and all the tickets cost the same amount, what was the face value
of each ticket price without the sales tax?
24.A trip from City A to City B costs Rs. 3000 in petrol and tolls. The toll fees add up to Rs. 180.
The petrol for a trip from City B to City C costs 30% more, but there are no tolls. How much
will the petrol cost for a trip from City B to City C?
25.The profits of QRS company rose 10% from March to April, then dropped 20% from April to
May, then rose 50% from May to June. What was the percent increase for the whole
quarter, from March to June?
26.Barun and Mohit were looking at the price of a condominium. The price of the condominium
was 80% more than Barun had in savings, and separately, the same price was also 20%
more than Mohit had in savings. What is the ratio of what Barun has in savings to what
Rebecca has in savings.
27.A scientific research study examined a large number of young foxes, that is, foxes between
1 year and 2 years old. The study found that 80% of the young foxes caught a rabbit at
least once, and 60% caught a partridge at least once If 10% of the young foxes never
caught either a rabbit or a partridge, then what percentage of young foxes were successful
in catching at least one rabbit and at least one partridge?
28.Write 8 as a percent.
29.A book store bought copies of a new book by a popular author, in anticipation of robust
sales. The store bought 400 copies from their supplier, each copy at wholesale price W.
The store sold the first 150 copies in the first week at 80% more than W, and then over the
next month, sold a 100 more at 20% more than W. Finally, to clear shelf space, the store
sold the remaining copies to a bargain retailer at 40% less than W. What was the
bookstores net percent profit or loss on the entire lot of 400 books?
30.Solution Y is 30 percent liquid X and 70 percent water. If 2 kilograms of water evaporate
from 8 kilograms of solutions Y and 2 kilograms of solution Y are added to the remaining 6
kilograms of liquid, what percent of this new liquid solution is liquid X?
31.On a certain road 10 percent of the motorists exceed the posted speed limit and receive
speeding tickets, but 20 percent of the motorists who exceed the posted speed limit do not
receive speeding tickets. What percent of the motorists on the road exceed the posted
speed limit?
32.If 75 percent of the employees of a certain company take a winter vacation, 40 percent take
a winter and a summer vacation, and 20 percent take neither a winter nor a summer
vacation, what percent of the employees take a summer vacation but not a winter vacation?
33.Rahul got 30% of the maximum marks in an examination and failed by 10 marks. However,
Sandeepan who took the same examination got 40% of the total marks and got 15 marks
more than the passing marks. What was the passing marks in the examination?
34.When processing flower-nectar into honeybees extract, a considerable amount of water
gets reduced. How much flower-nectar must be processed to yield 1kg of honey, if nectar
contains 50% water, and the honey obtained from this nectar contains 15% water?
35.If the cost price of 20 articles is equal to the selling price of 16 articles, What is the
percentage of profit or loss that the merchant makes?

36.A vendor sells 60 percent of apples he had and throws away 15 percent of the remainder.
Next day he sells 50 percent of the remainder and throws away the rest. What percent of his
apples does the vendor throw?
37.30% of the men are more than 25 years old and 80% of the men are less than or equal to 50
years old. 20% of all men play football. If 20% of the men above the age of 50 play football,
what percentage of the football players are less than or equal to 50 years?
38.If the price of petrol increases by 25%, by how much must a user cut down his consumption
so that his expenditure on petrol remains constant?
39.Jampana weighs twice as much as Mohan. Mohan's weight is 60% of Byomkesh's weight.
Dilip weighs 50% of Lalit's weight. Lalit weighs 190% of Jampana's weight. Which of these 5
persons weighs the least?
40.If S is 150 percent of T, then T is what percent of S + T?
41.Jaya started work 2 years ago. Her starting salary was half of Mukesh's salary at that time.
Each year since then Jaya and Mukesh have received a rise of 10% in their respective salary.
What percentage (to the nearest percent) of Mukesh's current salary is Jaya's current salary?
42.40% of 70 is x% more than 30% of 80. Find x.
43.A batsman scored 110 runs which included 3 boundaries and 8 sixes. What percent of his
total score did he make by running between the wickets?
44.Two students appeared at an examination. One of them secured 9 marks more than the
other and his marks was 56% of the sum of their marks. The marks obtained by them are:
45.A fruit seller had some apples. He sells 40% apples and still has 420 apples. Originally, he
had how many apples?
46.What percentage of numbers from 1 to 70 have 1 or 9 in the unit's digit?
47.If A = x% of y and B = y% of x, then which of the following is true?
a. A is smaller than B
b. A is greater than B
c. Relationship between A and B cannot be determined
d. If x is smaller than y, then A is greater than B
e. None of these
48.If 20% of a = b, then b% of 20 is the same as ____ % of a?
49.In a certain school, 20% of students are below 8 years of age. The number of students
above 8 years of age is 2/3rd of the number of students of 8 years of age which is 48. What
is the total number of students in the school?
50.Two numbers A and B are such that the sum of 5% of A and 4% of B is two-third of the sum
of 6% of A and 8% of B. Find the ratio of A : B
51.A student multiplied a number by 3/5 instead of 5/3. What is the percentage error in the
52.Rajeev buys good worth Rs. 6650. He gets a rebate of 6% on it. After getting the rebate, he
pays sales tax @ 10%. Find the amount he will have to pay for the goods
53.The population of a town increased from 1,75,000 to 2,62,500 in a decade. The average
percent increase of population per year is ______?
54.Six months back, the cost of an air ticket from Delhi to Mumbai was Rs. 4000 Four months
back, the fares increased by 12.5%. Last month, the fares increased by 25% and yesterday,
the airlines again increased the fares by 11.11%. What is the price of a Delhi to Mumbai
ticket today?
55.120% of a number N is 106.8. Then what is 106.8% of N?
56.A person spends 40% of his salary on his educational expenses. He spends 60% of it in
purchasing books and one-half of the remaining in purchasing stationery items. If he saves
Rs 160 every month, which is one-fourth of the balance after spending over books and
stationery items, what is his monthly salary?

57.One type of liquid contains 25% of milk, the other contains 30% of milk. A container is 6
parts of the first liquid and 4 parts of liquid. The percentage of milk in the container?
58.In an examination, 40% marks are required to pass. A obtains 10% less than the number of
marks required to pass. B obtains 111/9 % less than A and C obtained 413/17% less than the
number of marks obtained by A and B together. What marks did C get?
59.An article is listed at Rs 65. A customer bought this article for Rs 56.16 with two successive
discounts, out of which one is 10%. The other discount of this discount scheme that was
allowed by the shopkeeper is ______?
60.The wheat sold by a grocer contained 10% low quality wheat. What quantity of good
quantity wheat should be added to 150 kg of wheat so that the percentage of low quality
wheat becomes 5%?
61.The present population of a village is 5500. If the number of males increases by 11 % and
the number of females increases by 20%, then the population will become 6330. What is the
present population of females in the village?
62.If 20% of 40% of D = 25% of D% of F, then what is F?
63.By what % is 400 more than 100?
64.In a latest move, the cinema multiplex in a mall decreased its ticket price per person by
30% and increased the price of compulsory food items per person by 10%. The outcome of
the whole move was an increase in 20% in the public turnout at the cinema multiplex. How
did the overall financials of the cinema multiplex change?
65.Express 1/9 as a percentage.
66.A ball drops from a height of 4802 m. Thereafter, it bounces every time to a height which is
14.28% less than its previous height. What height will the ball reach on its 4 th bounce?
67.The performance bonus of a salesman increases by 10% in the first year, by 20% in the
second year, and by 30% in the third year. What is the overall percentage increase in his
bonus in 3 years?
68.A watermelon contains 85% water. 30 g of water evaporates from the watermelon and now
it contains 80% of water. What was the original weight of the watermelon?