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Verbs

THE PRESENT TENSE


28

Present Simple
FORM
Positive

Question

I
You
We
They

work.

He
She
It

works.

Do

I
you
we
they

he
Does she
it

Negative
I
work?

work?

YOU

We
They
He
She
it

do not
(don't)

work.

does not
(doesn't)

work.

There is only one form of you in English, which is the same in singular
and plural.
Note the endings with he, she, and it. If the verb ends in ss, sh, ch, or x,
add es:
He finishes {finish ends in sh)
She watches (watch ends in ch)
USE
For something which is permanently true:
I come from France.
He doesn't speak Spanish.
We live in London.
For repeated actions or habits:
1 get up at six o'clock every day.
What time do you leave work?
I don't see them very often.

Practice
Rewrite each sentence as a positive or negative sentence, or a question,
according to the instructions.
1

I visit my parents very often, (negative)


/ don't visit my parents very often.

2 Does he go to school every day? (positive)


He goes to school every day.
3

30

She comes from Germany, (question)


Does she come from Germany?

Verbs

4 She goes to work by car. (question)


5 We watch television every night, (negative)
6 He doesn't walk to work every day. (positive)
7

She plays football every Saturday, (question)

8 He washes his car every week, (question)


9 They live in Australia, (question)
10 They go to school by bus. (question)
11 Does she finish work at five o'clock? (positive)
12 He goes to the cinema on Fridays, (question)
13 I come from Africa, (negative)
14 Does he live in this street? (positive)
15 He works in a restaurant, (question)
16 She gets up at five o'clock, (question)
17 They eat a lot. (negative)
18 Does he work here? (positive)

31

Verbs

29

Present Continuous
FORM

Positive

Question

am - I'm

He
She
It

is

He's
- She's
It's

He's
- She's
It's

We
You
They

We're
are - You're
They're

he
she
it

working?

we
you
they

Negative with n't

am I'm
is

Is

Are

Negative with not

He
She
It

working.

We're
We
You are You're
They're
They

Am

not working.

He
She
It

isn't

We
You
They

aren't

working.

USE
For an action in progress now:
I'm reading a grammar book now.
What are you looking at?
She isn't eating at the moment.

Practice
Rewrite each sentence as a positive or negative sentence, or a question,
according to the instructions.
1

She's watching television now. (question)


Is she watching television now?

2 He isn't staying at this hotel, (positive)


He's staying at thle hotel.
3

She's reading, (negative)


She isn't reading.

4 They're working, (question)

32

Verbs

5 He's writing a letter, [question)


6 He's eating, (negative)
7 I'm not working, (positive)
8

She's studying at the moment, (question)

I'm sleeping, (negative)

10 You're reading my newspaper, (question)


11 She's writing a letter, (question)
12 He's talking to Mary, (question)
13 They're not playing football, (positive)
14 He's listening to the radio, (question)
15 You're playing with my football, (question)

30 Present Simple/Present Continuous


Practice In your notebook, write these sentences putting the verbs into the correct tense.
1

She (read) at the moment.


She's reading at the moment.

(You go) to work by car?


Do you qo to work by car?

3 I (not watch} television every night.


/ don't watch television every night.
4 I (not watch) television at the moment.
I'm not watching television at the moment.
33

Verbs

5 We {see] our parents every week.


6

(You listen) to the radio now?

7 I (not get up) at seven o'clock every morning.


8 Peter (talk) to Susan now.
9

(They work) in the restaurant at the weekends?

10 She (listen) to the radio in her bedroom at the moment.


11 They (not come) to school every day.
12 (You work) now?
13 The children (go) to bed at eight o'clock.
14 1 (leave) the office every day at five.
15 I'm sorry i can't talk to you now. I (go) out.
16 (Peter and Jane work) in London at the moment?
17 (Mary and Susan drive) to the office every day?
18 We (go) to the beach now.
19 (John listen) to the radio at the moment?
20 (Your parents sit) in the garden now?
21 The film (start) every night at eight o'clock
22 They (not go) to the cinema very often.
23 (You go) into the office every month?
24 I (not study) at the moment.

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34

Present Continuous: short answers

CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 1 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 2 of 18
Capitolul precedent

Cuprins

Capitolul urmator

Negativ

Index Cursuri

LECTIA I

I am not working.
You are not (arent) working.
He/she/it is not (isnt) working.
We are not (arent) working.
You are not (arent) working.
They are not (arent) working.

TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV


Exista doua aspecte in limba engleza: simplu si continuu. In general, timpurile simple se
folosesc atunci cnd accentul se pune pe actiunea propriu-zisa, iar timpurile continue se
folosesc atunci cnd accentul se pune pe durata actiunii, pe perioada de timp in care aceasta
are loc.
In explicarea intrebuintarii timpurilor continue se va intlni formularea actiune in plina
desfasurare". Aceasta inseamna ca actiunea a inceput inainte de momentul la care se face
referire si va continua dupa acel moment.
Exista un numar de verbe in limba engleza care nu se folosesc la forma continua,
deoarece ideea de durata e inclusa in continutul lor semantic. Ex. to want, to like, to dislike,
to understand, to owe, to matter, to love, to hate, to belong, to believe, to remember, to
know.

Interogativ
Am I working? Are we working?
Are you working? Are you working?
Is he/she/it working? Are they working?
Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune in plina desfasurare in
momentul prezent.
Ex. Where are you going?
I am going to school.
De asemenea poate arata o actiune care se desfasoara pe timp limitat in perioada
prezenta.
Ex.: I go to school by bus this week. My father is taking me in his car.
Uneori se poate folosi timpul Present Tense Continuous cu adverbul always, pentru a
arata o actiune repetata. In acest caz, exista o conotatie afectiva (nemultumire) sau actiunea
respectiva este caracteristica pentru acea persoana.
Ex. You are always losing your things.
You are always grumbling when I ask you to help me in the kitchen.

A. Present Tense Simple


Afirmativ Negativ
I work I do not (dont) work
You work You do not (dont) work
He/she/it works He/she/it does not (doesnt) work
We work We do not (dont) work
You work You do not (dont) work
They work They do not (dont) work
Interogativ

Exercitii cu Present Simple si Present Continuous

Do I work? Do we work?
Do you work? Do you work?
Does he/she/it work? Do they work?

1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Simple) la interogativ si negativ:

Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune regulata, obisnuita, in perioada
prezenta.
Ex. What do you do? (Cu ce te ocupi?) I am a student.
What time do you usually have breakfast?

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Present Tense Continuous


Se conjuga verbul to be" la timpul prezent si se adauga forma -ing a verbului de
conjugat.
Afirmativ
I am working We are working.
You are working You are working
He/she/it is working They are working

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Nota: Verbul to have", atunci cnd nu inseamna a avea, a poseda", ci


este parte dintr-o expresie (to have breakfast, to have a shower, to have a
party), formeaza negativul si interogativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului to
do".
I love my brother.
She talks too much.
I understand you.
You play the piano very well.
I always believe you.
He remembers my phone number.
They live in Bucharest.
He has a hot bath every day.
I trust my friend.
I have lunch at one oclock.

2. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Continuous) la negativ si


interogativ:

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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

It is raining.
I am having a walk.
He is telling the truth.
You are typing a letter.
They are swimming in the river.
My friend is wearing a new dress.
My mother is resting.
We are studying English.
Ann is knitting.
The child is learning to play the piano.

I (think) of my mother just now.


7. You (know) what time is it?
4. Traduceti in limba engleza:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Present Simple sau la Present Continuous:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

I (not go) shopping because it (rain).


What you (do) on Sundays?
He usually (drink) coffee but now he (drink) tea.
In England it often (rain).
I (not like) that boy.
He usually (speak) so quickly that I (not understand) him.
You (like) this book?
You (dream) at night?

Yes, I (dream) every night.


1. I cant answer the phone now because I (cook).
2. How you usually (get) to work?
I usually (go) by bus, but now I (take) a taxi because I am late.
1. The manager cant receive you now as he (have) an interview.
2. You (write) to John now?

Iarna ninge.
Duminica el nu se scoala devreme.
Eu nu studiez seara.
Ce faci? Citesti sau privesti la televizor?
Secretara tocmai bate la masina un referat.
Ea merge la cumparaturi smbata.
Acum imi fac temele la engleza.
Nu-mi place cafeaua.
Ce carte citesti?
La ce ora se scoala John dimineata?
Ce faci tu in zilele libere?
Cui ii telefonezi?
El nu merge la scoala cu metroul, merge pe jos.
De ce deschizi fereastra?
Adesea citesc carti englezesti.
Ea isi face bagajul.
Ct de des le scrii parintilor tai?
Cnd merg la mare imi place sa inot mult.
Clientul tocmai isi alege o pereche de pantofi.
B. Past Tense Simple

Past Tense Simple se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei ed in cazul verbelor regulate.

Yes, I (be). I always (write) to him on his birthday.


1. Where you (hurry)?

Ex. to work worked


Daca verbul este neregulat, Past Tense trebuie invatat din tabelul de verbe neregulate care
indica cele trei forme de baza ale verbului: forma I infinitiv, forma II- Paste Tense, forma
III participiul trecut.
Ex. to speak spoke spoken

To the theatre, as I (not want) to miss the first act.


1. She always (borrow) books from me and never (remember) to give them
back.
2. You (go) to work every day?

Afirmativ
Yes, of course, except Saturdays and Sundays.

worked

3. Why you (smoke) so much?


4. Who you (wait) for?

I/you/he/she/it/we/they
spoke

I (wait) for John, but he is late, as usual.

Negativ

5. I always (have) a rest after lunch.


6. What you (think) of?

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work
I/you/he/she/it/we/they did not
speak

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