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YEAR 1

12 READING CONSTRUCTS
Construct 1: Able to identify and distinguish letters of the alphabet.
Explanation: The ability to identify and distinguish the shapes of letters
Teacher guides the pupil by reading the example.
Construct 2: Able to associate sounds with the letters of the alphabet.
Explanation: The ability to say aloud the sounds of the phonemes
Teacher guides the pupil to say the sounds of the letters aloud, using the example
given.
Construct 3: Able to blend phonemes into recognizable words.
Explanation: The ability to blend sounds of phonemes into recognizable words.
Teacher guides the pupil in blending the sounds of letters using the example given.
Construct 4: Able to segment words into phonemes.
Explanation: The ability to segment words into phonemes
Teacher guides the pupil to say the words and sound the letters.
Construct 5: Able to understand and use the language at word level.
Explanation: The ability to understand and use the language at word level.
Teacher asks the pupil to point to the correct word and read it aloud.
Construct 6: Able to participate in daily conversations using appropriate phrases.
Explanation: Ability to participate in daily conversations using appropriate phrases.
Teacher may guide the pupil by reading the sentences in the stimulus aloud.
Construct 7: Able to understand and use the language at phrase level in linear texts.
Explanation: The ability to understand and use the language at phrase level in
linear texts.
Teacher may guide the pupil to read the phrases.
Construct 8: Able to understand and use the language at phrase level in non-linear
texts.
Explanation: The ability to understand and use the language at phrase level in nonlinear texts.
Teacher refers to the manual for questions.
Teacher may prompt when necessary.
Construct 9: Able to read and understand sentences with guidance.
Explanation: The ability to read sentences with guidance.
Teacher may guide the pupil to read the paragraph.

Construct 10: Able to understand and use the language at sentence level in nonlinear texts.
Explanation: The ability to read sentences and match to pictures given.
Teacher may guide the pupil to read the sentences.
Construct 11: Able to understand and use the language at paragraph level in linear
texts.
Explanation: The ability to read and understand sentences in a paragraph.
Teacher may guide the pupil to read the sentences aloud.
Teacher asks three questions based on the sentences. (Refer to the manual)
Construct 12: Able to construct sentences with guidance.
Explanation: The ability to string words given into sentences and read them aloud.
Teacher uses the example to guide the pupils.
Accept answers based on the pictures.

YEAR 1
12 WRITING CONSTRUCTS
Construct 1: Able to identify and distinguish letters of the alphabet.
Explanation: The ability to identify and distinguish the shapes of letters
Construct 2: Able to associate sounds with the letters of the alphabet.
Explanation: The ability to identify letters in association to sounds.
Construct 3: Able to blend phonemes into recognizable words.
Explanation: The ability to rearrange letters and write in neat legible print.
Construct 4: Able to segment words into phonemes.
Explanation: The ability to spell simple words correctly.
Construct 5: Able to understand and use the language at word level.
Explanation: Ability to understand and use the language at word level.
Construct 6: Able to participate in daily conversations using appropriate phrases.
Explanation: Ability to participate in daily conversations using appropriate phrases.
Construct 7: Able to understand and use the language at phrase level in linear texts.
Explanation: The ability to understand and use the language at phrase level in
linear texts.

Construct 8: Able to understand and use the language at phrase level in non-linear
texts.
Explanation: The ability to understand and use the language at phrase level in nonlinear texts.
Construct 9: Able to read and understand sentences with guidance.
Explanation: The ability to write sentences with correct punctuation.
Construct 10: Able to understand and use the language at sentence level in nonlinear texts.
Explanation: The ability to read sentences and match to pictures given.
Construct 11: Able to understand and use the language at paragraph level in linear
texts.
Explanation: The ability to read and understand sentences in a paragraph.
Construct 12: Able to construct sentences with guidance.
Explanation: The ability to string words given into sentences and write them
correctly.