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Corrosion is the gradual destruction of materials by chemical reaction with their

environment. It means electrochemical oxidation of metals in reaction with an
oxidant such as oxygen.
Rusting, the formation of iron oxides is a well-known example of electrochemical
Corrosion degrades the useful properties of materials and structures including
strength, appearance and permeability to liquids and gases.
Many structures corrode merely from exposure to moisture in air but the process
can be strongly affected by exposure to certain substances. Corrosion can be
concentrated locally to form a pit or crack or can extend across a wide area more
or less uniformly corroding the surface.
Corrosion occurs on exposed surfaces and hence methods such as passivation
and chromate conversion reduces the activity of the exposed surface and
therefore increase a materials corrosion resistance.

Galvanic corrosion
Galvanic corrosion occurs when two different metals have physical or electrical
contact with each other and immersed in a common electrolyte. The anode
(more active metal) will corrode at an accelerated rate whereas the cathode
(more noble metal) corrodes at a retarded rate. Sacrificial anodes such as zinc is
commonly used for steel structures. Galvanic corrosion is of major interest to
marine industry and any situation where water - (containing salts) contacts

(Many technical terms are defined in the website)

Corrosion can be defined as the destruction or deterioration of a material
through reaction with its environment. The term can refer to both the process or
the damage caused the process.
The closer the metals are to each other in the galvanic series, the less galvanic
corrosion will occur when the two materials are used in combination.

Corrosion is defined as the destructive and unintentional degradation of a

material caused by its environment.

The corroded state of a metal is the more stable state. Iron oxide is actually more
stable than pure iron or steel and therefore rusting is very common. Prevention
of rust is actually a means of retaining a less stable, or higher energy state.
The economic costs of corrosion are extremely high, with large amounts spent on
prevention of corrosion and replacement of corroded materials.

Corrosion is a natural occurrence that attacks metal by chemical or

electrochemical action and converts it back to a metallic compound. Corrosion
occurs because of its tendency to return to their natural state.
Four conditions must exist before electrochemical corrosion can occur.
1. A metal subject to corrosion (Anode)
2. A dissimilar conductive material (Cathode which has less tendency to
3. Presence of a continuous, conductive liquid path (Electrolyte)
4. Electrical contact between anode and cathode (usually in the form of
metal-to-metal contact such as rivets, bolts and corrosion)

General, known, taught

5. Can be stopped by mechanical means.
6. Environment affects corrosion rate.
7. Welding weakens connection area.