Group No.

2 Assignment

of day (i.e. the Earth's rotation on its axis), the North Pole

This is a diagram of the seasons , regardless of the time

3.2 Causes and effects.

will be dark, and the South Pole will be illuminated; see also arctic winter. In addition to the density of incident light, the at a shallow angle. dissipation of light in the atmosphere is greater when it falls The seasons result from the Earth's axis being tilted to

its orbital plane; it deviates by an angle of approximately 23.5 degrees. Thus, at any given time during summer or rays of the Sun.

winter, one part of the planet is more directly exposed to the It is easy to observe the effect of the axis tilt from the

change in day length, and altitude of the Sun at noon (the culmination of the Sun), during a year.

are further caused by the elliptical orbit of Earth. Earth

Seasonal weather differences between hemispheres

reaches perihelion (the point in its orbit closest to the Sun) in January, and it reaches aphelion (farthest point from the Sun) in July. Even though the effect this has on Earth's seasons is minor, it does noticeably soften the northern hemisphere's winters and summers. In the southern hemisphere, the opposite effect is observed.

Vocabulary diagram a simple drawing or plan that shows exactly where something is, what works rotation something looks like, or how something

แผนผัง

when something turns with a circular movement around a central point

การหมุน

illuminat to make a light shine on something, or to ให้ความ สว่าง e fill a place with light atmosph the mixture of gases that surrounds the ere Earth บรรยากาศ

deviate

to change what you are doing so that you นอกล่่นอก ทาง เบี่ยง are not following an expected plan, idea, เบน or type of behaviour องศา

degree

a unit for measuring temperature. It can be shown as a symbol after a number. For example, 70º means 70 degrees:

culminat something, especially something ion

จุดส่งสุด

important, that happens at the end of a long period of effort or development: ซึ่งเป็ นร่ปไข่ น้ อย

elliptical having the shape of an ellipse minor small and not very important or serious, especially when compared with other things effect

to make something happen:

มีอิทธิพล ต่อ

Answer these questions.

1. The North Pole will be dark, and the South Pole will be ………………………….. …………..degrees. 2. The Earth's axis being tilted by an angle of approximately 3. What do we call the closest point in Earth’s orbit to the Sun?.................................... Sun?................................... 4. What do we call the farthest point in Earth’s orbit to the 5. When will the Earth reach the closest point in Earth’s orbit to the Sun?...........................

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