Look at the picture 3.1and answer these questions. 1. What can be seen in picture 3.1? 2.

When did the sun rise today? Suggested answer : 6.06 A.M. 3.And when did it set? Suggested answer : 6.22 P.M. Suggested answer : 34 °c. the near future. Suggested answer :Thailand Weather Forecast map.

Pre-Reading Questions.

4.What is the highest temperature today? 5.The word “forecast” is means to …………..the weather in Suggested answer : predict .

Now read the passage given below. You can look up the meaning of the words in bold in the Vocabulary Study Section that follows.

Reading Passage


3.1 What is the weather forecast ? sun, rain, and wind.

the temperature and other conditions such as

happen in the future, based on the


to make a statement saying what is likely to information that you have now

What is the difference between weather and climate?

time or short period of time. Weather conditions can change cool and cloudy. Weather conditions include rain, snow, sleet, hail, fog, mist, sunshine, wind, temperature and thunderstorms.

Weather describes conditions in the atmosphere at any

suddenly. Today may be warm and sunny, tomorrow may be

over a longer time period or over a large geographical area. conditions which are taken over a year or more. Climate changes slowly, usually over decades, centuries and thousands of years. The effect of weather on our lives.

Climate describes surface and atmospheric conditions

The climate of an area is concerned with the average weather

example, it affects our moods, what we wear, our leisure recorded over a period of time and at the same time the be noted.

The weather affects us in many different ways. For

activities and our mode of travel. Weather conditions can be effects the weather has on factors such as our mood can also

Weather forecasting.

analyse the weather patterns at a particular time. Once the analysis has been carried out, the computer produces a

The observations are fed into the computer and used to

forecast of the weather for specified times in the future. The forecaster uses the output from the computer to produce weather forecasts that are tailored to a wide range of customers.

rigs, buoys and balloons, as well as manned land stations human observer and can provide information from

The many data sources used include ships, aircraft, oil

3.2 Observations

around the world. Automation often assists or replaces the inhospitable and remote areas. Information from remotesensing equipment, both on the ground and in space, systems. increasingly supplements and complements the conventional Surface observations

observations taken near the Earth's surface using instruments and visual observations (e.g. cloud and weather type). These

Traditionally, meteorologists have relied upon

(e.g. barometers, thermometers, anemometers and rain gauges)

surface observations are made at approved sites on land, and from ships at sea. Standard types of instruments are used, with observations

usually made at least every three hours, and in many cases hourly. Over land in the UK there are 33 key observing

stations which are needed to define the broad-scale weather patterns. They are manned by professional meteorologists, with 12 making observations every hour, both day and night. the crews of 400 vessels of the UK Voluntary Observing Fleet and to observers on about 30 offshore drilling

For weather observations at sea, the Met Office is indebted to

platforms. This is part of a much larger scheme officially real number is closer to 3,500 ships. Upper-air observations

involving around 6,500 ships from 53 nations, although the

balloon-borne instruments (known as radiosondes) which provide information about the pressure, temperature and humidity through the atmosphere. The radiosondes can reach a height of over 20 km (66,000 feet); they are released twice a world. day at the same time (midday and midnight UTC) all over the

Important sources of upper-air information are the

sites in the UK. Two of these are fully manned while the

Within the global network, the Met Office maintains six

remaining four sites are equipped with autosondes, which are in Gibraltar, St Helena and the Falkland Islands. Near the variety of different sites in continental Europe. A type of

released remotely. There are also Met Office radiosonde sites UK, there is one fully manned site in the Irish Republic and a radar known as a Doppler radar is used to measure the winds vertically through the atmosphere. When displayed over a period of type, these Windprofiler data show the vertical

profile of wind above the site and how it changes with time. A system for measuring the amount of water vapour in the atmosphere is being developed, which is known as the Ground-based GPS Network. This uses information from envisaged.

Global Positioning Satellites (GPS) and about 150 stations are

Vocabulary Study temperatu a measure of how hot or cold a re place or thing is condition the situation in which people live or work, especially the quality of their lives e surrounds the Earth it is very cold physical things that affect the atmospher the mixture of gases that sleet half-frozen rain that falls when บรรยากาศ แผ่นน้้าแข็งบนพื้ น แข็งตัว อุณหภูมิ เงื่อนไข สภาพ

ดินที่เกิดจากน้้าฝน ลูกเห็บ

hail climate

frozen rain drops which fall as hard balls of ice

the typical weather conditions in อากาศตามฤดูกาล

a particular area average the average amount is the amount you get when you add together several quantities and of quantities analyse divide this by the total number to examine or think about understand it data buoy วิเคราะห์ อัตราเฉลี่ย

something carefully, in order to information or facts an object that floats on the sea, a lake etc to mark a safe or dangerous area something that you add to make it complete

ข้อมูล ทุ่นลอยน้้า

suppleme nt

something else to improve it or


instrumen something or someone that is t used to get a particular result scheme an official plan that is intended

เครื่องมือ อุปกรณ์ แผนผัง แบบแผน

to help people in some way, for example by providing education or training


to make something continue in the same way or at the same standard as before:

บ้ารุง รักษาไว้


pointing up in a line that forms an angle of 90° with a flat surface

ซึ่งตั้งฉากกับแนว ราบของขอบฟ้ า


a mass of very small drops of a กลายเป็ นไอ liquid which float in the air, for example because the liquid has been heated:


a piece of equipment that uses of things and watch their movement

radio waves to find the position


วัตถุท่อ ี ยู่ไกลโดยใช้ วิธีสง ่ วิทยุคลื่นสั้น

1.Based from the first paragraph the difference between weather Suggested answer : Period of time and geographical area. atmosphere at any time or a short period of time? Suggested answer :True.

Recalling Information
depend on





2. Is it true or false that weather describes conditions in the

atmospheric conditions over a longer time or over a large geographical area?

Is it true or false that climate describes surface and

Suggested answer :True.

4. Does weather affect us in the way of our lives? Suggested answer : Yes, in many ways. 5. Give me some examples, please. activities and how we travel. the weather forecast?

Suggested answer : Our moods, what we wear, our freetime 6. Do we use only source of information from air to analyse Suggested answer : No.

7. Where are the data sources from? 8. Give me some examples please.

Suggested answer : Air, land and water. Suggested answer : Ship, aircraft, oil rigs, buoys , balloons and land stations around the world. the wind vertically? 9. What do we call a type of radar that is used to measure Suggested answer : Doppler.

10. From the last paragraph of the passage given is it true or false that the ground-based GPS network is used to measure the amount of water that falls to the earth? Suggested answer : False.

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