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Map of Tense

Time

PRESENT

For
m

PAST

FUTURE

SIMPLE

Auxiliary Verb:
Do for I, you, they, we
Does for he, she, it
(hidden in positive)

Verb:
Simple Form / V-1
(adding -s in subjects
of he, she,it)

Auxiliary Verb:
Did for all subjects
(hidden in positive)

Verb:
Past Form
V-2
(only in positive
sentence)

CONTINUOUS

Auxiliary Verb:
Am for I
Are for you,they,we
Is for he, she,it

Verb:
Present Participle
V-ing

Auxiliary Verb:
Was for I,he,she,it
Were for you, they,we

Auxiliary Verb:
Have for I,
you,they,we
Has for he, she, it

Verb:
Past Participle
V-3

Auxiliary Verb:
Have been for
I,you,they,we
Has been for he,she,it

Verb:
Present Participle
V-ing

(Sedang)

PERFECT
(Sudah)

PERFECT
CONTINUOUS
(Sudah &
Sedang)

PAST FUTUR

(Akan)

(Akan)

Auxiliary Verb:
Will & Be (am,is,are)
going to for all
subjects

Verb:
Simple Form
V-1

Auxiliary Verb:
Would & Be
(was,were) going to
for all subjects

Verb:
Present Participle
V-ing

Auxiliary Verb:
Will be for all subjects

Verb:
Present Participle
V-ing

Auxiliary Verb:
Would be for all
subjects

Auxiliary Verb:
Had for all subjects

Verb:
Past Participle
V-3

Auxiliary Verb:
Will have for all
subjects

Verb:
Past Participle
V-3

Auxiliary Verb:
Would have for all
subjects

Auxiliary Verb:
Had been for all
subjects

Verb:
Present Participle
V-ing

Auxiliary Verb:
Will have been for all
subjects

Verb:
Present Participle
V-ing

Auxiliary Verb:
Would have been for
all subjects

For examples:

For examples:

For examples:

For examples:

1. I usually study English every Wednesday.

1. We went to school early yesterday.

1. You will hold a monthly meeting tomorrow.

1. Last time I saw you, you

2. I do not often have breakfast in the morning. 2. We did not go to school early yesterday.

2. She will not hold a monthly meeting tomorrow.2. If I had a million dollars,

3. Do you regularly read newspaper every morning?
3. Did you go to school early yesterday? Yes, we did.
3. Will she hold a monthly meeting tomorrow?

(conditional sentence)

1. He is making an organizational concept now.

1. He was reading a book at this time yesterday. 1. One of us will be teaching at that time next week.
1. If I were living in Chile, I wo

2. They are not having a rest right now.

2. We were not studying when you called us.

3. Are you doing your homework? Yes, I am.

3. Was she playing while you were cooking?

1. The university has developed a new habit.

1. I had done my exam before you came to pick me
1. Every
up
social manager will have reported his / her
1. If- you had told me the probl

2. The lecturer will not be teaching at this time -

2. The manager hasn't promoted her as his assistant
2. After I had done my exam, you came here.
3. Has she arrived yet? No, she hasn't

tomorrow.

progress and performance by the end of the

bank.
(conditional sentence)

helped you.
(conditional sentence)

3. Had the teacher left this room when you arrived?

1. We have been working this home assignment -1. We had been studying together when our teacher
1. She will have been writing her book for six months
1. She would have been
for two hours.
2. All of the parties in the university have been improving their English.
3. What have you been doing? We have been painting this room.

phoned us.

by next month.

had been following the pro
(conditional sentence)

I would be working at a - ence) the problem. ence) Chile. ence) . ollars. you would start a new business.T FUTURE Akan) Verb: Simple Form V-1 Verb: Present Participle V-ing Verb: Past Participle V-3 Verb: Present Participle V-ing u. I would build a house. I would have - ence) een improving her skill if she - g the program.

1. We were not studying when you called us. they. All of the parties in the university have been improving their English.they. Last time I saw you. (conditional sentence) helped you. it Verb: Past Participle V-3 SUDAH DAN SEDANG PERFECT CONTINUOUS Auxiliary Verb: Have been for I. 2. Was she playing while you were cooking? 1.it Verb: Present Participle V-ing Auxiliary Verb: Was for I. Has she arrived yet? No. she hasn't tomorrow.you. She would have been for two hours. you 2. 1. had been following the progra (conditional sentence) . He was reading a book at this time yesterday. 2. He is making an organizational concept now.they. Every up social manager will have reported his / her 1.they. The manager hasn't promoted her as his assistant 2. They are not having a rest right now. 3. (conditional sentence) 1. I do not often have breakfast in the morning. they. If.you had told me the problem 2.she. it (hidden in positive) Verb: Simple Form / V-1 (adding -s in subjects of he. If I were living in Chile. Will she hold a monthly meeting tomorrow? (conditional sentence) 1. We did not go to school early yesterday. 2. You will hold a monthly meeting tomorrow.were) going to for all subjects Verb: Present Participle V-ing Auxiliary Verb: Will be for all subjects Verb: Present Participle V-ing Auxiliary Verb: Would be for all subjects Auxiliary Verb: Had for all subjects Verb: Past Participle V-3 Auxiliary Verb: Will have for all subjects Verb: Past Participle V-3 Auxiliary Verb: Would have for all subjects Auxiliary Verb: Had been for all subjects Verb: Present Participle V-ing Auxiliary Verb: Will have been for all subjects Verb: Present Participle V-ing Auxiliary Verb: Would have been for all subjects For examples: For examples: For examples: For examples: 1.it Were for you. 2.is.we Is for he.he. 1. The lecturer will not be teaching at this time - 2. she.it) Auxiliary Verb: Did for all subjects (hidden in positive) Verb: Past Form V-2 (only in positive sentence) CONTINUOUS Auxiliary Verb: Am for I Are for you. 1. she. I usually study English every Wednesday. we Does for he. 1. I would 2.we SUDAH PERFECT Auxiliary Verb: Have for I. progress and performance by the end of the 3. you came here. Did you go to school early yesterday? Yes. 1. I am. 3. The university has developed a new habit. Do you regularly read newspaper every morning? 3. Are you doing your homework? Yes. she. she. After I had done my exam. We had been studying together when our teacher 1. If I had a million dollars. 3. 3.2. We have been working this home assignment -1. 3. She will have been writing her book for six months 1. What have you been doing? We have been painting this room. She will not hold a monthly meeting tomorrow. Had the teacher left this room when you arrived? bank. 3. One of us will be teaching at that time next week. We went to school early yesterday. I had done my exam before you came to pick me 1. we did. by next month.it Verb: Present Participle V-ing SEDANG PAST FUTURE (Akan) (Akan) Auxiliary Verb: Will & Be (am.Map of Tense Meaning Time PRESENT Form PAST FUTURE SIMPLE Auxiliary Verb: Do for I.are) going to for all subjects Verb: Simple Form V-1 Auxiliary Verb: Would & Be (was. 1. phoned us. you.we Has for he. you.we Has been for he.she.

(conditional sentence) . Last time I saw you. I would have (conditional sentence) 1. If I were living in Chile. you would start a new business 2. I would build a house (conditional sentence) 1. I would be working at a (conditional sentence) 1.Map of Tense PAST FUTURE (Akan) Verb: Simple Form V-1 Verb: Present Participle V-ing Verb: Past Participle V-3 Verb: Present Participle V-ing 1. If I had a million dollars. If you had told me the problem. She would have been improving her skill if she had been following the program.

are) going to for all subjects Verb: Simple Form V-1 Verb: Present Participle V-ing Auxiliary Verb: Will be for all subjects Verb: Present Participle V-ing Auxiliary Verb: Had for all subjects Verb: Past Participle V-3 Auxiliary Verb: Will have for all subjects Verb: Past Participle V-3 Auxiliary Verb: Had been for all subjects Verb: Present Participle V-ing Auxiliary Verb: Will have been for all subjects Verb: Present Participle V-ing For examples: For examples: For examples: 1. Did you go to school early yesterday? Yes. She will not hold a monthly meeting tomorrow. I am.they. 2.it Verb: Present Participle V-ing Auxiliary Verb: Was for I. it Verb: Past Participle V-3 SUDAH DAN SEDANG PERFECT CONTINUOUS Auxiliary Verb: Have been for I.Map of Tense Meaning Time PRESENT Form PAST FUTURE (Akan) SIMPLE Auxiliary Verb: Do for I. 2. phoned us. you. 1. 1. they. by next month. we 3. Has she arrived yet? No. They are not having a rest right now. He is making an organizational concept now.they. progress and performance by the end of the year 3. The university has developed a new habit.it) Auxiliary Verb: Did for all subjects (hidden in positive) Verb: Past Form V-2 (only in positive sentence) CONTINUOUS Auxiliary Verb: Am for I Are for you.we Has for he. 2. she. PERFECT CONTINUOUS 2. she. she hasn't tomorrow.we SUDAH PERFECT Auxiliary Verb: Have for I. I do not often have breakfast in the morning. you came here. they. 1.you. I usually study English every Wednesday. All of the parties in the university have been improving their English. We have been working this home assignment 1.it Were for you. . 2. I had done my exam before you came to pick 1. Every social manager will have reported his / her - 2. 1.he. 3. We had been studying together when our tea 1. you. We went to school early yesterday.we Has been for he. 2. 3. she. You will hold a monthly meeting tomorrow. Are you doing your homework? Yes. Had the teacher left this room when you arrived? 1. 1.she. After I had done my exam. it (hidden in positive) Verb: Simple Form / V-1 (adding -s in subjects of he. Will she hold a monthly meeting tomorrow? CONTINUOUS PERFECT 1. The manager hasn't promoted her as his assis 2. 3. Do you regularly read newspaper every morni 3.they. We did not go to school early yesterday. she.it Verb: Present Participle V-ing SEDANG SIMPLE Auxiliary Verb: Will & Be (am. He was reading a book at this time yesterday. we Does for he. 3. One of us will be teaching at that time next week. Was she playing while you were cooking? 1.she. We were not studying when you called us. The lecturer will not be teaching at this time - 2. She will have been writing her book for six months for two hours.is.we Is for he.

What have you been doing? We have been painting this room. .3.