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2007

ISAS SEMINAR REPORT

Prepared By :-
SomDutta Singh Reg.
No. :-
R080002900534
Submitted To :-Sudhakar
Singh
12/17/2007
I.S.A.S.INFORMATION SOURCE
2007
Project Name :- Origin Of Bluetooth technology
&

Development Of Bluetooth Technology

Reg.No. :- R080002900534
Information Traced From :-
Magazines

Data Quest

PC Quest
Internet

www.yahoo .com

www.google .com

Submitted To :-

NIIT / SomDutta Singh / R080002900534


Mr.Sudhakar Singh (
)

Signature

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Bluetooth Technology is changing the world dynamically


& I have got the golden opportinuty to gather
knowledge on this topic .

I am really thankfull to NIIT for giving me the golden


opportunity & I am also thankful to my respectiuve
Director Sir Mr. Amitabh Agrawal and Faculty Mr.
Sudhakar Singh For there co-oporation to complete
this project as well as moral support .

NIIT / SomDutta Singh / R080002900534


CONTENT

Introduction Of Bluetooth

The Origin of Bluetooth

• What is Bluetooth?

• Why is It Called Bluetooth?

• Where Did the Logo Come From?

Development of Bluetooth Technology

• Bluetooth Technology Over the Years

• Development Of Technology

• Main Reasons to Use a Bluetooth Device:


NIIT / SomDutta Singh / R080002900534
Conclusion

INTRODUCTION TO BLUETOOTH
Bluetooth is an always-on, short range radio hookup

that resides on a microchip . It was initially developed

by Swedish mobile phone maker Ericsson in 1994 as a

way to let computers make calls over a mobile phone .

Since then, several thousand companies have signed on

to make Bluetooth the low–power short–range wireless

standard for a wide range of devices . Industry

observer expect Bluetooth to be installed in billions of

devices by 2005 .

NIIT / SomDutta Singh / R080002900534


The Bluetooth standards are published by an industry

consortium known as Bluetooth SIG (special interest

group).

The concept behind Bluetooth is to provide a universal

short-range wireless capability. Using the 2.4 GHz

band, available globally for unlicensed low-power uses,

two Bluetooth devices within 10m of each other can


share up to 720Kbps of capacity . Bluetooth is intended

to support an open-ended list of application, including

data (such as schedules and telephone numbers),audio,

graphics , and even video. For example, audio devices

can include headsets, cordless and standard phones,

home stereos and digital Mp3 .

NIIT / SomDutta Singh / R080002900534


THE ORIGIN OF BLUETOOTH
Since the development of Bluetooth in 1994 by
Swedish telecommunications firm Ericsson, there have
been more than 1800 companies worldwide who have
signed as members of the Bluetooth Special Interest
Group (SIG) in order to build products to the wireless
specification, as well as to promote the new technology
in the marketplace.
"Bluetooth" was the code-name given by engineers from
Ericsson to honor a tenth-century Viking king, Harald
Bluetooth, who reigned from 940 to 985. He was
credited for unifying Denmark, bringing order to the
country. In all honesty, Harald's name was actually
Blåtand, but was roughly translated in English as
"Bluetooth." But don't take this to mean the color of

NIIT / SomDutta Singh / R080002900534


his teeth were blue. Blåtand actually referred to the
color of Harald's hair, which was a very dark color that
was not typical of Vikings.

WHAT IS BLUETOOTH ?
Bluetooth is a wireless transferring technology that

enables short-range wireless connections between

desktop and laptop computers, personal digital

assistants (PDAs), cellular phones, printers, scanners,

digital cameras and even home appliances. The principle

of Bluetooth (a chipset) is to transfer information and

voices at the frequency of ISM Band. Every Bluetooth

technology devices do come with a standard address

for you to connect one-to-one or one-to-seven , with

transferring range up to 10 meters (100 meters to

follow), using low power radio. Bluetooth do not only

NIIT / SomDutta Singh / R080002900534


possess high transfer rate of 1MB/s, it also could be

encrypted with pin code. With hopping rate of 1600

hops per second, it’s difficult to be intercepted and

are less interrupted by electromagnetic wave.

WHY IT IS CALLED BLUETOOTH ?


The developers of this wireless technology first used
the name "Bluetooth" as a code name, but as time past,
the name stuck.

The word "Bluetooth" is taken from the 10th century


Danish King Harald Bluetooth. King Bluetooth had been
influential in uniting Scandinavian Europe during an era
when the region was torn apart by wars and feuding
clans.

The founders of the Bluetooth SIG felt the name was


fitting because:

1) Bluetooth technology was first developed in


Scandinavia, and
2) Bluetooth technology is able to unite differing

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industries such as the cell phone, computing, and
automotive markets. Bluetooth wireless technology
simplifies and combines multiple forms of wireless
communication into a single, secure, low-power, low-
cost, globally available radio frequency.

WHERE DID THE LOGO COME


FROM?
A Scandinavian firm originally designed the logo at the

time the SIG was formally introduced to the public.

Keeping to the same origin as the Bluetooth name, the

logo unites the Runic alphabetic characters "H", which

looks similar to an asterisk, and a "B", which are the

initials for Harald Bluetooth. If you look close enough

you can see both embodied in the logo.

NIIT / SomDutta Singh / R080002900534


DEVELOPMENT OF BLUETOOTH
TECHNOLOGY
The development ofBluetooh Technology can be
devided into two phase :-

• Bluetooth technology over years , which tells how

this technology improved over years .

• Development of technology , which tells about


technical changes occurred over years .

NIIT / SomDutta Singh / R080002900534


BLUETOOTH TECHNOLOGY
OVER YEARS
When Bluetooth was officially introduced in 1998, its
intended basic purpose was to be a wire replacement
technology in order to rapidly transfer voice and data.

There were many doubters who believed Bluetooth


would be a distant memory in just a couple of years.
However, multiple years have passed and Bluetooth
continues to make strides and advancements everyday.

A lot has changed since the first Bluetooth Core


Specification Version was introduced in 1998. Over the
past couple years Bluetooth technology has really
begun to take giant leaps forward.

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In 2003, the Bluetooth SIG began a major overhaul of
the Bluetooth specification with the announcement of
version 2.1. Then, in 2004, Bluetooth version 2.0 + EDR
(Enhanced Data Rate) was introduced. Devices using
version 2.0 + EDR began to hit the market in late 2005.

In March 2006, the Bluetooth Special Interest Group

(SIG) announced that it was planning to partner with

WiMedia Alliance (an industry group composed of such

computer giants as Intel, Hewlet-Packard and

Microsoft) to bring consumers the best of both worlds

with the creation of a new high speed Bluetooth.

Bluetooth is currently used to facilitate slow-speed,

short-range applications such as Wireless headsets and

Keyboards .Yet, while its high portability, low power

requirements and unique hit-and-run frequency hopping

has maintained a lot of interest among critics and

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consumers, for those who live in the fast lane

Bluetooth has been lagging. Until now.

DEVELOPMENT OF
TECHNOLOGY
Bluetooth was developed to realize wireless connection
between various types of equipment (mostly, small-size
ones). The main aim was to provide a small size, low
power consumption and a low cost. Here are its brief

characteristics:

• frequency: 2.4 GHz (ISM range)


• distance: 10m(there are solutions for 100 m as
well)
• data rate:
o asymmetric mode: 721/57.6 Kbit/s
o symmetric mode: 432.6 Kbit/s both ways
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• up to three voice channels
• data protection: authentication, encryption
• power consumption: about 30 mA

The following Bluetooth equipment will be used in the


today's research:

• Two USB PC adapters from Bluetake


• Cell phone from Ericsson


• Printer from Hewlett-Packard


• PCMCIA adapters f rom Xircom/Intel

NIIT / SomDutta Singh / R080002900534


Bluetooth technology has been around for years,

however for many people it is just another “tech”

term.

Most people have little or no understanding of the

technology and have very little knowledge of its

applications. However, you hear and read about it

everywhere--in ads for computers, Cell Phones, PDAs

and all types of different devices enabled with

Bluetooth technology. So, what is Bluetooth

technology?

NIIT / SomDutta Singh / R080002900534


MAIN REASON TO USE A
BLUETOOTH DEVICE :
1. Bluetooth Devices are Wireless.

If you navigate through the rest of our site you will


learn that there are tons of advantages/benefits when
using wireless devices. In addition to improving safety
as a result of eliminating the clutter of wires and
associated hazardous connections, wireless technology
also offers many convenient advantages. For example,
when you are traveling with your laptop, PDA, MP3
player and other devices, you no longer have to worry
about bringing along all of your connecting cables.

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2. Bluetooth Technology is Inexpensive.

Bluetooth technology is cheap for companies to


implement, which results in lower over-
all manufacturing Costs. These savings are then passed
on to you, the consumer. The end result: Bluetooth
devices are relatively inexpensive.

3. Bluetooth is Automatic.

Bluetooth doesn't require you to think about setting


up a connection or to push any buttons. When two or
more Bluetooth devices enter a range (Up to 30 feet)
of one another, they automatically begin to
communicate without you having to do anything. Once
the communicating begins, Bluetooth devices will setup
Personal Area Networks or Piconets. The best part is:
The devices take care of the entire setup process, and
you can go about your business.

4. Standardized Protocol = Interoperability

Since Bluetooth is a standardized wireless


specification, a high level of compatibility among

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devices is guaranteed. The Bluetooth specification
uses and defines various profiles. Every Bluetooth
profile is specific to a particular function. For
instance, when a Bluetooth enabled cell phone and a
Bluetooth headset (Both with the same profile) are
communicating with one another, both will understand
each other without the user having to do anything,
even if the devices are of different models/makes.

5. Low Interference (If Any)

Bluetooth devices avoid interference with other


wireless devices by:

a) Using a technique known as spread-spectrum


frequency hopping, and

b) Using low power wireless signals.

6. Low Energy Consumption

As stated above, Bluetooth uses low power signals. As

a result, the technology requires little energy and will

therefore use less battery or electrical power.

Obviously, this is a great benefit for mobile devices

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because Bluetooth won't drain the life of your

device's battery.

7. Share Voice and Data

The Bluetooth standard allows compatible devices to


share both voice and data communications. For
example, it is probably no surprise that a Bluetooth
enabled cell phone is capable of sharing voice
communications with a compatible Bluetooth headset,
however, the same cell phone may also be capable of
establishing a GPRS connection to the Internet. Then,
using Bluetooth, the phone can connect to a laptop. The
result: The laptop is capable of surfing the web or
sending and receiving email.

8. Instant Personal Area Network (PAN)

Up to seven compatible Bluetooth devices can connect


to one another within a proximity of up to 30 feet,

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forming a PAN or piconet. Multiple piconets can be
automatically setup for a single room.

9. Upgradeable

The Bluetooth standard is upgradeable. A development


group at the Bluetooth Special Interest Group (SIG)
has been given the task of working on the new
Bluetooth version 2, which offers several new
advantages and is backward compatible with the older
versions.

10. The Technology is Here to Stay

Bluetooth is a universal, world-wide, wireless standard.


Therefore, you can count on it being around for years
to come. As more devices begin to use Bluetooth
technology, electronics manufacturers will be
increasingly eager to make their products compatible,
using Bluetooth. A chain reaction is inevitable, in fact,
it has already begun.

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NIIT / SomDutta Singh / R080002900534
CONCLUSION

Bluetooth technology works well. All the

devices tested communicated with one another , and no

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compatibility problems in hardware which couldn't be

solved were noticed.

The tests also revealed that Bluetooth works best

of all in independent products such as a phone or a

printer. The fact that they are finished products and

need software support anyway can probably be one of

the reasons, and the Bluetooth is one more stage in

their Development. The functions for them are

determined in advance. And the PC software turned out

to be a victim of programmers who got used to test

their products on end-users.

The main reason why the Bluetooth is not spreading so

rapidly is the adapters' high price. But this is a

standard stage ofDovelopment - until new products are

few, they are expensive, and when they start

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mushrooming, their prices fall down. Another reason

(maybe, it's connected with the first one) is the

necessity to use relatively expensive software for

realization of a large range of functions. For PDA and

other mobile devices it is the only technology which has

a big chance to succeed.

So, the Bluetooth is a workable Technology for those

Who .

NIIT / SomDutta Singh / R080002900534