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1. The only integers that satisfy jxj + 5 < 7 are the ones that satisfy jxj < 2 - namely,

1; 0; 1. The integers that satisfy jx 3j > 2 are 6; 7; 8; : : : and 0; 1; 2; : : :. So, the

integers that satisfy both are 0; 1, and there are 2 of them.

2. 20003 1999 20002 19992 2000 + 19993
an be fa
tored into (2000 1999)20002 +

19992( 2000 + 1999), whi
h redu
es to 20002 19992 . This fa
tors into (2000 + 1999)(2000

whi
h is equal to 3999.

3. Let the s
ores be a,b,
,d,e, where 0 a b
d e 100. So, the mean is

1

1

5 (a + b +
+ d + e); and the median is
. So, we want to maximize 5 (a + b +
+ d + e)

. To do this, we must maximize d and e and minimize or maximize
. One way to

do this is to let a = b =
= 0 and d = e = 100, so the dieren
e between the mean

and the median is 51 (0 + 0 + 0 + 100 + 100) 0) = 200

5 = 40. If we maximize
, then

1

= d = e = 100, and then the mean is

5 (0 + 0 + 100 + 100 + 100) = 60, and the

median is 60, with a dieren
e of 40 as well.

4. The pri
e starts at $100. Clearly, the order of pri
e
hanges does not matter. It is

redu
ed by 10% three times ( $100 ! $90 ! $81 ! $72:90), and the new pri
e is

$72.90. It is in
reased by 10% four times ($72:90 ! $80:19 ! $88:209 ! $97:0299 !

$106:73289) , and the new pri
e is $106.73289. Rounded to the nearest
ent, this is

$106:73.

5. Every day Edward works, he gets 19 of the test done. Similarly, every day Barbara

works, she gets 101 of the test done, every day Abhinav works, he gets 111 of the test

done, and every day Alex works, he gets 121 of the test done. So, after 4 days (after

everyone has worked on the test one day, they have
ompleted 19 + 101 + 111 + 121 = 38:535%

of the test. After 8 days, they have
ompleted twi
e that, or 77:0707% of the test. After

Edward, Barbara, and Abhinav ea
h work one more day, the test will be
omplete in

the minimum amount of time, so the test will take 11 days to
omplete. If the least

e
ient workers work after the 8th day, the test still takes 11 days to
omplete.

! 2 ! 4 ! 8 ! 12 ! 24 !

400

! 800 ! 1600 ! 2000 , using 13 multipli
ations.

6. A shortest path is

x

25

50

100

200

7. All multipli
atively perfe
t numbers have exa
tly 4 distin
t positive divisors, or 1. So,

we must look for numbers that are either

1

a produ
t of two distin
t primes

a
ube of a prime

Numbers satisfying one of these
onditions less than 100 are: 1, 6, 8, 10, 14, 15, 21, 22,

26, 27, 33, 34, 35, 38, 39, 46, 51, 55, 57, 58, 62, 65, 69, 74, 77, 82, 85, 86, 87, 91, 93, 94,

95. There are 33 of these.

1999)

8. 168 = 23 3 7. There are only 2
ombinations of these whose sums allow indistinguishability of the ages. If there are 27 trees, 2, 4, 21 and 1, 12, 14 years are possible. If

there are 21 trees, 2, 7, 12 and 3, 4, 14 are possible. So, the possible ages of the oldest

daughter are 12, 14, 21.

9. We
an view these
onditions as a geometry diagram as seen

So, we know that

pebelow.

e

3

3

3

3

2 + f 2 = 15 (sin
e this is

=

(sin
e

e = a

b =

d =

f and we know that

4

4

4

pf 2 4 2 p 2 2

a +

b + d ). Also, note that a
+ bd

ad

b
= (a

b)(

d) = ef . So, solving

for e and f , we nd that e2 + f 2 = 225, so 16e2 + 16f 2 = 3600, so (4e)2 + (4f )2 = 3600,

so (3f )2 +(4f )2 = 3600, so f 2 (32 + 42 ) = 3600, so 25f 2 = 3600, so f 2 = 144 and f = 12.

Thus, e = 43 12 = 9. Therefore, ef = 9 12 = 108.

e

a

f

b

d

c

10.

learly does not work, sin e if x = 1, then x4 + a2 = 5, whi h is also prime. Here is a

table for a's and values of x that show they do not work:

4

2

a

x

a + x

3 10 10009

4 1

17

5 2

41

6 1

37

7 20 160049

So, let us
onsider a = 8 - i.e. the sum x4 + 64. This is the same as (x2 + 8)2 16x2 =

(x2 + 4x + 8)(x2 4x + 8) by the dieren
e of squares. This is
learly not prime for

any integer x. So, the answer is a = 8.

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