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How to Prepare for Aptitude Tests - frequently asked questions

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TESTS ?

by :

DR. T.K. JAIN

AFTERSCHO☺OL

centre for social entrepreneurship

sivakamu veterinary hospital road

bikaner 334001 rajasthan, india

FOR – PGPSE PARTICIPANTS

mobile : 91+9414430763

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 1

What is BODMAS?

B= BRACKET

O = OF

D=DIVISION

M=MULTIPLY

A = ADDITION

S=SUBTRACT

apply these in this sequence only.

So 9+9/9-2*1of (2-3*1/3) = 9+1-2= 8

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 2

Which is bigger :

12/13 should be bigger (gap between 13 and 12

is only 1). still : cross multiply : 12*16 and

13*14 , which is bigger? = 12*16 is bigger so

12/13 is bigger. Similarly we have to compare

all the values and find the biggest number.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 3

What will come next in the

series :

ANW, DKT, GFQ, ....?

The series is : A – D – G so next digit should

be : J (gap of + 2)

next series is : N-K-F so next : Y (increasing

gap -2,-4,-6)

next series : W-T-Q = N (gap of -2)

so answer : JYN answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 4

A goes from X to Y at 10 am and will

reach at 12 and B goes from Y to X at 9

and will reach at 12. when will they cross

each other?

distance is (2*3) = 6 KM. A travels @ 3 KM per hour and

B @ 2 km per hour. At 9 B starts, till 10 he covers 2 KM.

Now gap between A and B is 4 Km. Divide 4 by (2+3) =

4/5 = .8 , so they will meet at 10 + (.8 * 60) = 48 minutes.

So They wil meet at 10 + 48 min. Ans

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 5

A puts an item at 10% discount, before

doing this he had actually increased the

marked price by 10%, what is the change

in his revenue?

100. add 10% = 110, now A reduces it by 10%

(10% discount on marked price) so he gets

110-11 = 99

thus there is 1% reduction in his revenue

or (10% * 10% = 1%)

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 6

A takes up 2 types of rice – one at 10 per

kg and another at 50 per kg, how should

he mix these to get a profit of 20% when

he sells them @ 30 per KG?

in order to get the ratio of mixture, let us deduct 25 from

10 and 50, we get : 15 and 25, now reverse these ratio :

25:15 or 5:3,

thus rice of the rate 10 should be 5/(5+3) = 5/8 and rice of

rate 50 should be 3/8 or their ratio should be 5:3 answer.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 7

A and B are partners and share profit in the capital ratio

of 3:2, however, A withdraws his half of the money after

5 months, and B doubles his money after 8 months, what

is the final profit sharing ratio?

of 3:2, but now there is some change.

A withdraws 1.5 and after 2 more months, B

adds 2 more.

Thus (3*6months + 1.5*6months) : (2*8

months + 4*4months)

27: 32 answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 8

A:B = 2:3, C:D = 3:4, B:D = 3:2,

what is A:C?

A:B:D = 2:3:2

We know that C:D is 3:4, so keep the value of

D as 4, thus new ratio is :

A:B:C:D = 4:6:3:4

thus A:C = 4:3 answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 9

A can complete a work in 20 days and B can

do the same work in 30 days. Both work

together for 1 day and get 500 as total amount,

how should this money be divided between A

and B?

number of days taken by them in doing the

work).

Thus A should get : 300 and B 200 answer.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 10

A,B,C start a work together. A can do

it alone in 20, B in 30 and C in 40 days,

in how many days will they finish the

work?

1/30 and C's one day's work : 1/40,

add them : 1/20 + 1/30 + 1/40

(6+4+3)/120 = 13/120 , now reverse it :

120/13 = 9.2 days or 10 days approx.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 11

There are 720 students in an examination, out of

them, 1/3rd fail in English, 1/4th fail in Mathematics,

1/8th fail in both the paper. How many dont fail in

any paper?

Mathematics and 90 fail in both the paper.

Thus the total number of students who have

failed in either paper : 240+180 – 90 = 330

thus the students who have not failed in any

paper is : 720 – 330 = 390 answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 12

th th

Kapil is 4 from top and 106

from bottom. How many students

are there in total ?

below him and he himself so : 3+105+1 = 109

or

4+106 – 1 = 109 answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 13

A and B have salary in the ratio of 10:11, but their savings are

in the ratio : 3:7, but now their salaries increase by 100% each.

If earlier their total savings was Rs. 2100, what is their new

savings, if they dont change their expenditure and they spend

equal amounts?

saves : 7/10 * 2100 = 1470

difference of their savings is : 840, so A should earn 840 *10 =

8400 and spend (8400-630) = 7770 and B should earn 9240

and save (9240-1470) = 7770. thus their new incomes are :

16800 and 18480 and new savings are : (16800 – 7770) = 9030

and (18480-7770) = 10710 answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 14

A and B run a race and A gives B a start

of 100 meters in 1000 meter race, still A

wins by 1 second or 1 meters. What is the

ratio of their speeds?

per KM or 3.6 km per hour. He has actually run 900 meters

only. He should take 900/3600*60 = 15 minutes

A has run 1000 meters in 14 minutes and 59 seconds. So his

speed is 40 KM per hour approx.

Thus the ratio of their speed is 40:36 or 10:9 answer

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 15

What is 10% of 30% of 1500?

now 10% of 450 = 45 so answer is 45

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 16

Which is more 3^1/3 or 4^1/4?

now get same powers. LCM of 3,4 is 12, so let

us multiply them by 4/4 and 3/3, we get : 4/12

and 3/12. we can now solve the numerator

powers : so answer is : 81^1/12 and 64^1/12

now we can see that 81^1/12 is bigger, so the

answer is 3^1/3 is bigger than 4^1/4

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 17

Ravi sees a photo and says that “this is the

photo of younger son of the brother of the

grandson of the father of the brother of the

mother of my sister”, whose photo was it?

Ravi's cousin) answer In order to solve such

questions, start from last, and try to solve each

relationship in simple terms or prepare a tree

diagram from these statements. For example, :

brother of the mother of my sister = maternal

uncle – so similarly replace all these sentences.

5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 18

THANKS....

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5 DECEMBER 09 www.afterschool.tk 19

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