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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF MOTORISED

VICE
PROJECT REPORT 2009-2010
Submitted by
(Team name)

COLLEGE LOGO

Guided by:

Submitted in partial fulfillment of the
requirement for the
Award of Diploma in
----------------------------------------By the State Board of Technical Education
Government of
Tamilnadu, Chennai.

DEPARTMENT:

COLLEGE NAME:
PLACE:

COLLEGE NAME
PLACE
DEPARTMENT
PROJECT REPORT-2008-2009

This Report is certified to be the Bonafide work done by
Selvan/Selvi ---------------- Reg.No. ------------ Of VI Semester
class of this college.

Guide

Head of the Department

Submitted for the Practical Examinations of the board of
Examinations, State Board of Technical Education, Chennai,
and TamilNadu. On -------------- (date) held at the -----------(college name),Coimbatore

Internal Examiner

External Examiner

DEDICATED TO OUR BELOVED
PARENTS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT At this pleasing movement of having successfully completed our project.(college Name). ---------. With deep sense of gratitude. .who provided all the facilities to us. We would like to express our sincere thanks to our principal ------------------for forwarding us to do our project and offering adequate duration in completing our project. we extend our earnest &sincere thanks to our guide --------------------. Department of Mechanical for her/him kind guidance and encouragement during this project we also express our indebt thanks to our TEACHING staff of MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT. We are also professor…………. we wish to convey our sincere thanks and gratitude to the management of our college and our beloved chairman------------------------.. grateful for to her/him the Head of constructive Department suggestions &encouragement during our project.

DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF MOTORISED VICE .

CONTENTS .

6 4 4.2 5 6 7 8 9 10 Introduction Literature review Description of equipments Motorised Lead screw Frame stand Lever Handle Fixed jaw and moving jaw Design and drawing Machine components Drawing for design and fabrication of Motorised vice Working principle Merits & demerits Applications List of materials Cost Estimation Conclusion BIBLIOGRAPHY PHOTOGRAPHY .1 4.2 3.CONTENTS CHAPTER NO TITLE SYNOPSIS LIST OF FIGURES 1 2 3 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.

.

LIST OF FIGURES .

LIST OF FIGURES Figure number Title 1 Drawing for design and fabrication of Motorised vice .

SYNOPSIS .

etc. The other parts were designed to hold the job in rigid condition. can hold irregular jobs. Motorised vice is suitable for mass production. Motorised was designed to hold the job at high pressure. . It is possible to hold irregular components also. It works in the principle or eccentric Motorised mechanism. more rigidity. The main features of the Motorised vice are promotes mass production.SYNOPSIS In this project we are fabricate the Motorised vice. reduce fatigue. and similar components can be very quickly.

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION .

first the job is place in between jaws. There is a Motorised lever. In this. Motorised vice is operated by eccentric Motorised mechanism. The job can be held tightly in between the jaw.CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Motorised vice is one of the clamping devices used to hold the job in rigid condition. . Motorised lever at the top is operated so that the job is held tightly in the fixture. This type of fixture is useful for mass production where only similar size of jobs is to be held. It reduces operator’s fatigue and also reduces stetting time and cost of production. After that. and movable jaw is adjusted by adjusting the screw rod to maintain according to the eccentricity of the Motorised with Motorised profile.

CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEW .

* An engineer's bench vise is bolted onto the top of the bench.CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEW TYPES OF VISES Without qualification. They allow speed and precision in the placement of the work. attached to a workbench. parallel jaws. * machine vises . . Other kinds of vise include: * hand vises (hand-held). * A woodworker's bench vise is a more or less integral part of the bench. "vise" usually refers to a bench vise with flat. Vises of the same general form are used also on milling machines and grinding machines. * compound slide vises are more complex machine vises.drill vises (lie flat on a drill press bed).

which use solving triangles and gauge blocks to set up a highly accurate angle. * leg vises. * off-center vises. which are attached to a bench but also supported from the ground so as to be stable under the very heavy use imposed by a blacksmith's work. these are useful if many holes need to be drilled in the same workpiece using a drill press. long cylindrical objects by one end). * pin vises (for holding thin. which can be adjusted using leadscrews in the X and Y axes. * diemakers' vises. * angle vises.* cross vises. Compare router table. * rotary vises. * sine vises. * table vises. WOODWORKING VISES . * jewellers' vises and by contrast.

to protect the work from damage. known as engineers' or fitters' vises. This jaw may include a dog hole to hold a bench dog. in the latter case they are usually faced with wood to avoid marring the work piece. the jaws are made of wood. The top edges of the jaws are typically brought flush with the bench top by the extension of the wooden face above the top of the iron moveable jaw.For woodworking. Metalworking bench vises. by means of a lever. it can be removed from the screw and the moveable jaw can be quickly slid into a suitable position at which point the nut is again closed onto the screw so that the vise may be closed firmly onto the work. plastic or from metal. METALWORKERS' VISES For metalworking. They are also kept for use where appropriate. The nut in which the screw turns is in two parts so that. In modern metal woodworkers' vises. the jaws are made of metal which may be hardened steel with a coarse gripping finish. Quick change removable soft jaws are being used more frequently to accommodate fast change-over on set-ups. a split nut is often used. are bolted onto the top surface of the bench with the face of the fixed .

. Vise screws are usually either of an Acme thread form or a buttress thread. there are several machine-shop specific vises and vise accessories. Where several people use the one vise. it can be removed from the screw and the screw and moveable jaw quickly slid into a suitable position at which point the nut is again closed onto the screw. Many fitters prefer to use the greater precision available from a plain screw vise. work must be held in the same location with great accuracy. The vise may include other features such as a small anvil on the back of its body. METALWORKING VISES IN MACHINE SHOPS In high production machine work. The nut in which the screw turns may be split so that. this is a good guide. so CNC machines may perform operations on an array of vises.jaws just forward of the front edge of the bench. by means of a lever. To assist this. The bench height should be such that the top of the vise jaws is at or just below the elbow height of the user when standing upright. Those with a quick-release nut use a buttress thread.

and mill the profile of the part into them to speed part set-up and eliminate measurement. For large parts. . an array of regular machine vises may be set up to hold a part that is too long for one vise to hold. instead of a rough surface. The jaws are precision ground to a very flat and smooth surface for accuracy. but more accurate as human error is reduced. prismatic hard jaws exist with V grooves cut into them to hold the part. These rely on mechanical pressure for gripping.Hard and soft machine jaws have a very important difference between other metalworking vise jaws. The vises' fixed jaws are aligned by means of a dial indicator so that there is a common reference plane for the CNC machine. One can purchase machinable soft jaws. The jaws themselves come in a variety of hard and soft jaw profiles. An unskilled operator has the tendency to over-tighten jaws. leading to part deformation and error in the finished workpiece. Some vises have a hydraulic or pneumatic screw. discussed below. for various work needs. making setup not only faster. This is most commonly done in gang operations. For rectangular parts being worked at 45 degree angles.

with no space between them. . * Tower vises are vertical vises used in horizontal machining centers. This style vise also comes in a two clamp variety. several options exist. The surface of the tombstone has holes to accommodate modular vises across all four faces on a pallet that can rotate to expose those faces to the machine spindle. Tombstones allow four surfaces of vises to be worked on one rotary table pallet. and all machine vise manufacturers have lines of vises available for high production work. * The next step up is the modular vise. They have one vise per side. for example. A tombstone is a large. * Tombstone fixtures follow the same theory as a tower vise. * The first step is a two clamp vise. Modular vises can be arranged and bolted together in a grid. will hold eight relatively large parts without the need for a tool change. This allows the greatest density of vises on a given work surface. A dual clamping tower vise. hardened block of metal that is bolted to the CNC pallet. where the fixed jaw is in the center of the vise and movable jaws ride on the same screw to the outside. accurate. and come in single or dual clamping station varieties.For multiple parts.

These specialty vises allow the machine to work on surfaces that would normally be obscured when mounted in a traditional or tombstone vise setup.* New work holding fixtures are becoming available for five-axis machining centers. .

CHAPTER III DESCRIPTION OF EQUIPMENTS .

The reason the Motorised acts as a lever is because the hole is not directly in the centre.1. as is used to deliver pulses of power to a steam hammer. 3. or an eccentric disc or other shape that produces a smooth reciprocating (back and forth) motion in the follower which is a lever making contact with the Motorised. On the other hand. LEAD SCREW . The Motorised can be a simple tooth.CHAPTER III DESCRIPTION OF EQUIPMENTS 3.2. some Motoriseds are made with a hole exactly in the centre and their sides act as Motoriseds to move the levers touching them to move up and down or to go back and forth. MOTORISED A Motorised is a projecting part of a rotating wheel or shaft that strikes a lever at one or more points on its circular path. for example. therefore moving the Motorised rather than just spinning.

Common applications are machine slides (such as in machine tools). A lead screw nut and screw mate with rubbing surfaces. as they will overheat. Their efficiency is typically between 25 and 70%. There is often a . The high internal friction means that leadscrew systems are not usually capable of continuous operation at high speed. presses. with higher pitch screws tending to be more efficient.e. Leadscrews are typically used well greased. and more expensive. a linear force on the nut will not apply a torque to the screw) and are often used in applications where backdriving is unacceptable. when stopped. A higher performing. alternative is the ball screw. like holding vertical loads or in hand cranked machine tools. and jacks. is a screw designed to translate radial motion into linear motion. and consequently they have a relatively high friction and stiction compared to mechanical parts which mate with rolling surfaces and bearings. vises. it may be run dry with somewhat higher friction. with an appropriate nut. Due to inherently high stiction. but. the typical screw is selflocking (i.A lead screw also known as a power screw or translation screw.

In general. A lead screw will back drive.choice of nuts. alternately. the nut can be cut along a radius and preloaded by clamping that cut back together. ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES The advantages of a leadscrew are:  Large load carrying capability  Compact . a steel acme thread and bronze nut will back drive when the helix angle of the thread is greater than 20°. and manufacturers will specify screw and nut combinations as a set. For multi-start screws the mechanical advantage is lower. coefficient of friction of the interface of the components (screw/nut) and the included angle of the thread form. A leadscrew's tendency to backdrive depends on its thread helix angle. The mechanical advantage of a leadscrew is determined by the screw pitch and lead. Backlash can be reduced with the use of a second nut to create a static loading force known as preload. but the traveling speed is better.

for trapezoidal threads. no specialized machinery is required  Large mechanical advantage  Precise and accurate linear motion  Smooth.  They also have a high degree for friction on the threads. the nut must be replaced. and low maintenance  Minimal number of parts  Most are self-locking The disadvantages are that most are not very efficient. a split nut may be used to compensate for the wear.  For square threads. quiet.  Due to the low efficiency they cannot be used in continuous power transmission applications. which can wear the threads out quickly. Simple to design  Easy to manufacture. .

FRAME STAND Frame stand in this device is made up of combination of sheet metal or flat rods welded together. HANDLE The handle is used to adjust operate the lead screw in this equipment. 3. The handle is fixed one corner of the lead screw. FIXED JAW & MOVING JAW .6. LEVER The lever is used to lock and unlock the Motorised arrangements in this device.3. handle and Motorised arrangements in this device. lead screw. The frame stand is used to hold the fixed jaw.4.5. moving jaw. and lever. The liver is an easily operateable device in this equipment.3. 3. 3.

The moving jaw is easily adjustable by the lead screw arrangement. We can easily move the moving jaw on this equipment by rotating the lead screw by handle and operating the lever in Motorised arrangement. CHAPTER IV DESIGN AND DRAWING . the jaw is mounted on the frame stand in this equipment.The fixed jaw is stable.

CHAPTER IV DESIGN AND DRAWING 4.1. MACHINE COMPONENTS The “DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF MOTORISED VICE” consists of the following components to full fill the requirements of complete operation of the machine.  Motorised arrangements  Lead screw  Frame stand  Lever  Handle  Fixed jaw  Moving jaw .

DRAWING FOR DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF MOTORISED VICE .4.2.

CHAPTER V WORKING PRINCIPLE .

CHAPTER V WORKING PRINCIPLE The Motorised vice consists of fixed jaw. The moving jaw is arranged parallel through the fixed jaw. lead screw. The Motorised arrangement consists of lever. The lead screw is used to adjust the Motorised arrangement in the equipment. and then the lead screw is used to fit the correct area in the Motorised arrangement. . and then the Motorised lever is operated by manually. The specimen is clamped at a perfect stage. The after the Motorised arrangement the lead screw is arranged. Motorised mechanism and frame stand. This vice is used in mass production. The specimen is placed between the fixed jaw and moving jaw. Now we can easily clamp and unclamp the same size of specimens in this equipment very easily. moving jaw. The main purpose of the Motorised vice is used to clamp and unclamp the same size specimens on it. The fixed jaw is fixed on the frame. The Motorised arrangement is placed before the moving jaw. lever. handle.

CHAPTER VI MERITS & DEMERITS .

CHAPTER VI MERITS & DEMERITS MERITS  Idle time of the machine is reduced  When compared with the mechanical vices. it continues less time for clamping and unclamping the job  It reduces the clamping time  Hence. production rate is higher DEMERITS  Limited size of specimens only clamped in this vice .

CHAPTER VII APPLICATIONS .

CHAPTER VII APPLICATIONS  Applicable in workshops  Applicable in small and medium scale industries .

CHAPTER VIII LIST OF MATERIALS .

rigidity. PROPERTIES The material selected must posses the necessary properties for the proposed application. reliability etc. 1. The following four types of principle properties of materials decisively affect their selection  Physical  Mechanical  From manufacturing point of view  Chemical . The various requirements to be satisfied Can be weight.CHAPTER VIII LIST OF MATERIALS FACTORS DETERMINING THE CHOICE OF MATERIALS The various factors which determine the choice of material are discussed below. surface finish. service life. ability to withstand environmental attack from chemicals.

endurance limit. torsion and buckling load. and modulus of elasticity. magnetic purposes etc. fatigue resistance. wear resistance and sliding properties.  Cast ability  Weld ability  Surface properties  Shrinkage  Deep drawing etc. The various properties concerned from the manufacturing point of view are. The various Mechanical properties Concerned are strength in tensile. electrical conductivity. specific heat. hardness. specific gravity. elastic limit.The various physical properties concerned are melting point. 2. impact resistance. bending. thermal Conductivity. Compressive shear. coefficient of thermal expansion. MANUFACTURING CASE .

QUALITY REQUIRED This generally affects the manufacturing process and ultimately the material. 5. it then becomes obligatory for the designer to use some other material which though may not be a perfect substitute for the material designed. 3. 4. The delivery of materials and the delivery date of product should also be kept in mind. 6. For example. AVAILABILITY OF MATERIAL Some materials may be scarce or in short supply. it would never be desirable to go casting of a less number of components which can be fabricated much more economically by welding or hand forging the steel.Sometimes the demand for lowest possible manufacturing cost or surface qualities obtainable by the application of suitable coating substances may demand the use of special materials. SPACE CONSIDERATION Sometimes high strength materials have to be selected because the forces involved are high and space limitations are there. COST .

appearance. . in selection of material the cost of material plays an important part and should not be ignored. Some times factors like scrap utilization. and nonmaintenance of the designed part are involved in the selection of proper materials.As in any other problem.

CHAPTER IX COST ESTIMATION .

OVERGHEAD CHARGES The overhead charges are arrived by” manufacturing cost” Manufacturing Cost = Material Cost + Labor Cost = = Overhead Charges = 20%of the manufacturing cost = 4. drilling. TOTAL COST Total cost = Material Cost +Labor Cost +Overhead Charges . gas cutting cost 3. power hacksaw. drilling. welding. LABOUR COST Lathe.CHAPTER IX COST ESTIMATION 1. MATERIAL COST 2.

= = Total cost for this project = .

CHAPTER X CONCLUSION .

small and medium scale industries. that it provides flexibility in operation. This innovation has made the more desirable and economical. This project “DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF MOTORISED VICE” is designed with the hope that it is very much economical and help full to workshops. . This project helped us to know the periodic steps in completing a project work.CHAPTER X CONCLUSION This project is made with pre planning. Thus we have completed the project successfully.

BIBLIOGRAPHY .

M. Manufacturing Technology . Design of machine elements .Kurmi 4. 3. 5.G. 2.S. Design data book -P. Bangalore. Strength of Materials .S.S.Haslehurst. Machine tool design handbook –Central machine tool Institute.Kurmi .R.Tech.BIBLIOGRAPHY 1.R.

PHOTOGRAPHY .