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CSWIP 3.

1 Welding Inspection

Practical Pipe Inspection

TWI Training & Examination


Services
Course Reference WIS 5
Course notes section reference 23
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Pipe Inspection

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Hi – Low & Root gap
Measurements
1

6
Root gap
dimension
HI-LO Single Purpose Welding Gauge

Internal
alignment

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Pipe Inspection Examination
Remember in the CSWIP 3.1 Welding Inspectors
examination your are required to conduct a practical
examination of a pipe test weld, complete a thumb
print sketch and a final report on your findings

 Time allowed 1 hour and 45 minutes

 Use your own code i.e. API 1104

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Pipe Inspection Points
1) Use a pencil for the arrow lines, but make all
written comments and measurements in ink
only
2) Report everything that you can observe

3) Do not forget to compare and sentence your


report
4) Do not forget to date & sign your report

5) Make any observations, such as


recommendations for further investigation for
crack-like imperfections.

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Pipe Inspection Examination
After you have observed an imperfection and
determined its type, you must be able to take
measurements and complete the thumb print report
sketch
The first thumb print report sketch should be in the
form of a repair map of the weld. (i.e. All
observations are Identified Sized and Located)

The thumb print report sketch used in CSWIP exam


will look like the following example.

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Pipe final Inspection Report
After you have completed your thumb print report
sketch of your test pipe the next step is to complete
your final report again the report must be completed in
ink (no pencil).
The report must be completed to your thumb print
sketch, do not leave any boxes empty, every box must
be completed or dashed out. You must also make any
comments you feel are necessary regarding any
defects observed.

The report form used in CSWIP will look like the


following example.

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Welding process:

Outside Dia & thicknes


process
Signature: I C
EXAMPLE PIP
WELD FACE

Arc Strike
Lack of side
wall fusion Under fill

98
140

Mr. I C Plenty

12
40
API 1104
8

C
A

Welding position: Flat /PA


180

DCode/Specification used:

60
20

90
15

10

46
Under fill Slag

5
Name: [Block capitals]
Lack of side Undercut
wall fusion inclusion
>1.0
mm
Cap height : 4mm. Weld width: 12-14mm Cap height : 3mm. Weld width: 12-14mm
Toe blend: Poor. Misalignment (HI-LO): 1mm Toe blend: Poor. Misalignment(HI-LO):

Arc Strike
NOTES:

Page 1 of 3
Spatter or scale on the pipe surface 2mm
Spatter or scale on the pipe surface
Lack of side
Slag wall fusion

25
120

38

8
15

A
C

Cap height : 4mm. Weld width: 12-14mm Cap height : 5mm. Weld width: 12-14mm
Toe blend: Poor. Misalignment (HI-LO): 2mm Toe blend: Poor. Misalignment(HI-LO):
Spatter or scale on the pipe surface 1mm
Spatter or scale on the pipe surface

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PIPE ROOT
FACE

Lack of root
fusion Burn through

140

40

6
8

C
A

180

60
20

90

10
15

46
Excess Poor stop

5
Lack of root Undercut
penetration penetration start
>1.0 5mm
mm
NOTES: Penetration height : 5mm. Penetration height : 3mm.
Misalignment (HI-LO): 1mm Misalignment (HI-LO): 2mm
Scale on the pipe surface Spatter on the pipe surface

Lack of root
fusion

38

8
D

A
C

120

120

Smooth Undercut
<1.0mm
Penetration height: 2mm. Penetration height: 3mm.
Misalignment (HI-LO): 2mm Misalignment (HI-LO): 1mm
Spatter on the pipe surface Scale on the pipe surface

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Pipe final Inspection Report
PRINT FULL NAME I C Plenty
SPECIMEN NUMBER 001
EXTERNAL DEFECTS Defects Noted Code or Specification Reference

Defect Type Accumulative Maximum Section/ Accept/Reject


Total Allowance Table No
2 3 4 5

Excess weld metal height 4mm 1.6mm 7.8.2 Reject

Excess weld metal appearance Poor blend Smooth 7.8.2 Reject

Incomplete filling 22mm None 7.8.2 Accept

Inadequate weld width (PIPE) N/A 3mm 7.9.2 Accept

Slag Inclusions 70mm long None 7.8.2 Reject

Undercut 1.5mm depth 0.8mm 9.7.2 Table 4 Reject

Surface Porosity 1.5mm ∅ 2mm ∅ 9.3.9.3 Accept

Cracks/Crack-like defects 40mm NONE 9.3.10 Reject*

Lack of fusion 22mm 25mm 9.3 Accept

Arc strikes 30x25 ------------ Not specified Reject**

Mechanical damage NONE ------------ ----------- Accept

Laps/Laminations NONE ------------ ----------- Accept

Misalignment (Linear) 2mm 3mm 7.2 Accept

Longitudinal seams (PIPE) N/A ------------ ---------- Accept

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Pipe final Inspection Report Root
EXTERNAL DEFECTS Defects Noted Code or Specification Reference

Defect Type Accumulative Maximum Section/ Accept/Reject


Total Allowance Table No
2 3 4 5
Misalignment 2mm 3mm 7.2 Accept

Excessive Root Penetration 4mm ------------ Not specified Accept

Incomplete Root Penetration 50mm 25mm 9.3.1 Accept

Lack of Root Fusion 20mm 25mm 9.3.4 Accept

Root Concavity 2mm depth 1mm 9.3.6 See Notes ***

Root Undercut 0.5mm 0.8mm 9.3.11 Accept

Cracks/Crack-like defects NONE ------------ 9.3.10 Accept

Slag inclusions 70mm long None 7.8.2 Reject

Porosity 1.5mm ∅ 2mm ∅ 9.3.9.3 Reject

Laps/Laminations NONE ------------ ---------- Accept


This *pipe/plate has been examined to the requirements of code/specification API
1104.................
and is accepted/rejected accordingly.
Comments:
* Request MPI testing.
** Recommend arc strikes are ground flush prior to MPI testing for cracks.
*** Radiography Required

Signature I C Plenty Date 22nd August


2003
*Delete which is not applicable. Use the other side for any comments.

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Pipe Code API 1104
Reinforcement Height: 7.8.2 Misalignment: 7.2 page 19

page 20 Longitudinal seams: Not referenced

Reinforcement Appear: 7.8.2 Excess penetration: Not referenced

page 20 Lack of penetration: 9.3.1/9.3.2 page 21

Incomplete groove: 7.8.2 page 20 Lack of root fusion: 9.3.4 page 22

Inadequate weld width: 7.8.2 Concave root: 9.3.6 page 22

page 20 Burn through: 9.3.7 page 22

Slag inclusions: 7.8.2 page

20

Undercut: 9.3.11

page 24

Porosity: 9.3.9
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Any Questions

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