823 views

Uploaded by rebbieg

2nd lesson in circular motion.

save

You are on page 1of 5

Target Audience:

11th and 12th grade Physics class

Objectives:

Students Will Be Able To:

• Describe circular motion using centripetal acceleration

• Describe circular motion using linear and angular acceleration

• Assess student understanding of centripetal acceleration

• Give students opportunities to observe centripetal acceleration and circular

motion

• Standard 4.5.1 Explain and predict different patterns of motion of objects (e.g.,

linear and uniform circular motion, velocity and acceleration, momentum and

inertia).

o xi. Verify Newton’s Second Law of Circular Motion

Misconception(s) Addressed:

• Centrifugal force

• Differences between linear and angular velocity

• Relationship between circular motion, velocity, time, and radius

Aim: Demonstrate instances of Centripetal Acceleration and describe using linear and

angular velocity.

No Concept Map for this unit.

Necessary Preparation:

COPIES

MATERIALS

• Rubber washer, string, straw

• Large beaker with rubber ball

• Flask beaker, popcorn foam, string, rubber stopper

Becky McCoy

• Cup on a string

• Water

SET UP

• Assemble rubber washer, string, straw (from last class)

• Assemble one Accelerometer (tie string around foam, fill beaker with water, put

foam/string in beaker so when the beaker is sealed and turned upside down, the

foam floats near the top of the beaker)

Becky McCoy

Lesson Plan

Aim: Demonstrate instances of Centripetal Acceleration and describe using linear and angular

velocity.

Have students talk with a partner about what we discussed yesterday. Listen for key words such

as: centripetal acceleration, velocity, and Newton’s First Law.

Materials:

• Rubber washer, string, straw

• Large beaker with rubber ball

• Flask beaker, popcorn foam, string, rubber stopper

• Water

Procedure:

• Review the definition of Centripetal Acceleration and Force. Ask some basic

questions from last class (“If a car is turning left, what will you feel? What keeps

you from continuing straight?”)

• Do a Banked Track Race Car drawing on the

board (see diagram on the right).

• Assume the car weights 700kg and the track is

banked at 10degrees (this could also simulate a

normal car turning on an average road, so you

don’t have to use the race car example).

Calculate the normal force (6860N).

• Point out that there is a horizontal component

that is not accounted for (friction can be

neglected because it opposes the motion, which means it is coming in/out of the

page).

• Alter the drawing to show this “mystery force”.

• Define this force as the Centripetal Force. Given

even a slight bank, a center-seeking force is

present.

• FUN FACT: when racing, the faster your

velocity, the higher up you are on the banked

curve.

• Have students create their own accelerometers

and let each student have an opportunity to spin

around and observe the acceleration pointing into

the circle (towards you at all times).

Becky McCoy

• PROOF #2: Draw a large circle on the board. Using three different colors, label

three radius and three velocities, like the diagram below (label the θ and the right

angle).

agree that the radius and velocity

are perpendicular to each other.

• Draw two of the velocities with their tails together (second diagram).

• The resulting vector is in the direction of the center of the circle!

• This can easily lead to a proof of centripetal acceleration: a = v2/r

o This triangle (when drawn well) will be a similar triangle to those in the

circle. This means we can create a ratio. The arc(ab) can be written as

the velocity multiplied by the change in time – the circle image.

Therefore, the first part of the ratio can be written as v*∆t/r. The

triangle diagram shows the change in velocity divided by the magnitude

of the velocity is analogous to the first part.

o v*∆t/r ~ ∆v/v

o Now we want to get the deltas on the same side.

o (v^2)/r ~ ∆v/∆t

o And we know that ∆v/∆t is also equal to acceleration. So…(v^2)/r ~ a

o But, this is only an approximation, so we’ve got to figure out how to

make it exact. Well, as the angle between the vectors approaches zero

(again referring to the circle diagram), the arc(ab) approaches a

straight line. And as the change in time approaches zero (as

measurements become more instantaneous), the velocity becomes

perpendicular to the acceleration. This means the approximation we

made can be exact – both the velocity and radius are perpendicular to

the acceleration.

o (v^2)/r = a !!!

o This linear velocity can be written as 2πr/T.

Becky McCoy

• Ask students to define linear velocity (the change in distance over a certain time).

• Ask students to guess what angular velocity might be (the changing angle over a

certain time).

• Write out an equation for angular velocity: ω = θ/t.

• Get the string/rubber washer/straw combination and, holding the straw in one

hand and the string in the other, swing the washer in a horizontal circle over your

head. Stop spinning and slowly pull the string down, showing that the washer’s

linear velocity increases.

• Ask students whether the linear velocity, angular velocity, or both change.

• Show the radius decreases and so does the time (or period), causing no net change

in the linear velocity.

• However, for the angular velocity, the angle stays the same and the time changes,

so the net angular velocity changes as well.

Fill the cup on a string with water and have students spin it vertically and horizontally without

spilling. Have students describe what forces are acting on the water and why it doesn’t spill.

Homework:

Mathematical problems TBD

Exit Strategy:

321 Exit Cards – 3 examples of circular motion, 2 types of velocity used in circular motion, 1

type of acceleration in circular motion

Extension Activity:

Practice several examples of centripetal acceleration and angular momentum.

Assessment:

Exit cards

Formative assessment listening to student conversations, comments, and answers

Resources:

- 11th Class PhysicsUploaded byRishabh Sharma
- ImeUploaded byMurugesan Sakthivel
- Lesson 13 Circular MotionUploaded byAliiAmiir
- MovementUploaded bySebastian Nestor
- 403 Lab Report Circular MotionUploaded byalkyone_n
- Motion in 2 dimensionUploaded bygarv5984
- PROPOSAL FOR CHEMISTRY PROJECT STPM 2016.docxUploaded byVoon Keat Nicholas Thoo
- Circular MotionUploaded byAlfi Nurlailiyah
- Circular Motion IntroductionUploaded byrebbieg
- Circular Motion Mcq sUploaded byNarendra Kumar
- physic_xi_2011Uploaded byAshok Pradhan
- Problem Set in DynamicsUploaded byEugene Embalzado Jr.
- tennis ball accelerationUploaded byapi-384181639
- Lecture3.pdfUploaded bySaeed Ahmed
- PHYSICS .Kinematics in One DimensionUploaded byApex Institute
- Lecture Plan Sample (1)Uploaded bypramod
- Principals of Flight and PerformanceUploaded bysafari
- 16 Horizontal AlignmentUploaded byYasser Alghrafy
- Kinetics in One Direction(Roger)Uploaded byRenato Ian Arboleda
- Kinematics Multiple Choice 2013-10-13Uploaded bysk112
- free fall labUploaded byapi-282121083
- CG Phy Sample Latest With Links QuestionsUploaded byJatin Badlani
- Physics121 Exam4 Homework SetUploaded byhahaha43210

- Magnetism Unit OverviewUploaded byrebbieg
- Digestive-Absorption of NutrientsUploaded byrebbieg
- 4 Magnet Motor Computer LabUploaded byrebbieg
- 2 Magnetic FieldsUploaded byrebbieg
- 9 Magnetic Test ReviewUploaded byrebbieg
- Respiratory Lung CapacityUploaded byrebbieg
- Magnetism Unit TestUploaded byrebbieg
- 1 Magnetism IntroductionUploaded byrebbieg
- 5-6 Changing Magnetic Field ApplicationUploaded byrebbieg
- 7-8 MRI Virtual LabUploaded byrebbieg
- Respiratory Scavenger HuntUploaded byrebbieg
- Trophic Levels - 10% RuleUploaded byrebbieg
- Formal Lab Report FormatUploaded byrebbieg
- 1 Sound IntroUploaded byrebbieg
- Middle School Geology End of Unit Lesson PlanUploaded byrebbieg
- 3 Refraction Diffraction InterferenceUploaded byrebbieg
- 2 Reflection, Refraction & DiffractionUploaded byrebbieg
- Pendulum Lab Pt 2Uploaded byrebbieg
- 4 Standing Waves & Doppler EffectUploaded byrebbieg
- Educators Guide to the Intrepid MuseumUploaded byrebbieg
- Pendulum Transition to WavesUploaded byrebbieg
- Pendulum Lab Pt 1Uploaded byrebbieg
- 1 Wave Anatomy & Wave SpeedUploaded byrebbieg
- Circular Motion IntroductionUploaded byrebbieg
- 5 Phase Change in ActionUploaded byrebbieg

- Exercicios de OndasUploaded byCamila Oliveira
- Dina MicaUploaded byMario Dextre Jamanca
- Práctica 4 - Electricidad y MagnetismoUploaded byjagm2000
- Centre of MassUploaded bymann123
- Guia Leyes de NewtonUploaded byEric Arrieta
- Manual_Fisica_General.docxUploaded byMoralesFernandezJ
- Kinemat SPUploaded bySankar Kumarasamy
- SCI 111 HW 3 Solutions Fall 2011 JaquinUploaded byLawrrence Lozano
- Jonathan Carrillo - Dinámica 1. Segunda Ley de Newton (Máquina de Atwood)Uploaded byJonathan Carrillo
- Single and Three Phase TransformerUploaded byCarlos Mario Flores Lazo
- Catalogue 09Uploaded byGian Soriano M
- Ley de Coulomb (1)Uploaded byJavier Eduardo Pabón Rey
- Strahlenschutz IntroUploaded byvicky611
- Cse i Basic Electrical Engg. [10ele 15] NotesUploaded byBala Subramanyam
- Movimiento Rectilineo Otros DatosUploaded byMiketoDogsey
- Exercícios Cinematica Linear Angular Resolvidos 2016 (1)Uploaded byTomás Fonseca
- Rotational and Circular MotionUploaded byZulfadhli Zainudin
- PRACTICA DIRIGIDA No 01 (Ley de coulomb).docUploaded byRoberto Carlos
- Physics-KinematicsUploaded byAkshatha Nayak
- Lista_Fis_Exp_I.pdfUploaded byAlan Maxsuel Correia Lima
- Capítulo 3_Ley de Ohm y circuitos con corriente continuaUploaded bykarito4ever
- Ejercicios Leyes de NewtonUploaded byvitin_thiago
- 2_Kinematics_1-DUploaded bybtseng01
- 2Âº_informe_-_lab_fisica1Uploaded byUsnayo David
- Sinais_senoidaisUploaded bybrasil dois mil
- 4 Unidad Cinética Del Punto y Del Cuerpo RígidoUploaded byIvan Sanchez
- Workbook All 2Uploaded byJason 'd Skally' Scott
- Lab N° 8 y Lab N°9Uploaded byJannesy Rangel
- 1 a Auladocap09CentrodeMassaUploaded byAbreuLiliano
- Electromagnetismo- Ley de OhmUploaded byRubén Sabás