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Conjunction

1 I need an office to myself ______ I can get some work done.


so
YES

so that
although
when
since

2 Write it down ______ you don't forget.


so
YES

so that
although
when
since

3 I need to get to work early ______ I can finish the report before
the meeting.
so
YES

so that
although
when
since

4 I'll tell her ______ I see her.


so
so that
although
YES

when
since

5 ______ you left, the atmosphere in the office has not been as
nice.
so
so that
although
when
YES

since

6 ______ he was the best qualified candidate, he didn't get the


job.
so
so that
YES

although
when
since

7 He is learning English ______ he can get a better and more


interesting job.
so
YES

so that
although
when
since

8 ______ you think of all the people who could have got the job, it
seems ridiculous that he was chosen.
so
so that
although
YES

when
since

9 I'm going to buy a new Beetle, ______ I do think they are overpriced.
so
so that
YES

although
when
since

10 ______ you're next in Chicago, give me a call.


so
so that
although

YES

when
since

11 ______ you already know Mary, you should go to meet her at


the airport.
so
so that
although
when
YES

since

12 ______ we would like to open a branch in Oxford now, we will


probably wait for another year or so.
so
so that
YES

although
when
since

13 The job is badly paid ______ I'm looking for another one.
YES
so
so that
although
when
since
14 I hate living in London ______ I'm moving to the country.
YES
so
so that
although
when
since
15 I don't know him very well, ______ I have met him socially on a
couple of occasions.
so
so that

YES

although
when
since

16 I don't know ______ I'll be back.


so
so that
although
YES

when
since

17 I haven't seen her ______ last Summer.


so
so that
although
when
YES

since

18 ______ we have so much to do, let's delay discussing this until


our next meeting.
so
so that
although
when
YES

since

19 We're not making much profit ______ we need to raise our


prices.
YES
so
so that
although
when
since
20 The exercise was boring ______ I stopped
YES
so
so that
although

when
since

Exercise 1
Paying attention to the expressions used in the following sentences, fill in the blanks
with the words and, but also, nor, or, than, then and when, as appropriate.
1.I have both respect and admiration for them.
2. Hardly had I finished reading over the problem, when the answer leapt to my
mind.
3. It will rain either today or

tomorrow.

4. He could not decide whether to tell the truth or


5. It was not only a beautiful day,
6. If you follow the instructions,

but also
then

keep silent.

the first day of Spring.

you should have no difficulty.

7. He is neither proud

nor

condescending.

8. What with one thing

and another, it was very late by the time we left the house.

9. No sooner had I opened my eyes,


10. Scarcely had I heard the news,

then
when

I remembered where I was.


my friend arrived.

11. I do not know whether he has seen the movie before


12. I would rather wait here

then

14. No sooner had I opened the window,


and

not.

risk missing the bus.

13. She could find the book neither at the Library,


15. The crowd was both large

or

then

nor

at the bookstore.

a butterfly flew into the room.

enthusiastic.

Exercise 2
Paying attention to the meanings of the sentences, fill in the blanks with the correct
subordinate conjunctions or similar expressions chosen from the pairs given in
brackets.
1.We recognized her at once, ____________ we had not seen her for years.
(although, in case)
2. He kept reading ___________ he fell asleep. (for, until)
3. The moon will rise ____________ the sun sets. (as soon as, than)
4. It looks ____________ the train will be late. (while, as though)
5. ____________ she got her degree, she became a teacher. (After, Than)
6. We will not go skiing ____________ the weather is good. (as if, unless)
7. ____________ he left, he made sure he had his keys with him. (Before, For)
8. ____________ I told the truth, you would not believe me. (Even if, So that)
9. They have known her ___________ she was a child. (until, since)
10. I must leave now, ____________ I have a great deal of work to do. (as, than)
11. What shall we do ____________ it rains? (or else, supposing)
12. ____________ you read this book, you would be sure to enjoy it. (If, Until)
13. The door was open, ____________ we could hear everything. (in case, so)
14. I studied more ____________ he did. (than, whereas)
15. We packed a lunch, ____________ we knew we would soon be hungry. (lest, for)
16. I will join you, ____________ the weather is fine. (providing, than)
17. ____________ he is very busy, he is seldom at home. (Or else, Because)
18. We must hurry, ___________ we will be late. (so that, or else)

Exercise 3
For each of the following sentences, paying attention to the structure of the
sentence, fill in the blank with either the conjunction or the preposition given in
brackets.
1. We stayed up late, ____________ we were tired. (although, despite)
2. They went swimming, ____________ the coldness of the water. (although,
despite)
3. I enjoy the course, ____________ the professor is a good teacher. (because,
because of)
4. She looks ___________ your sister. (as if, like)
5. Please wait ___________ I make a phone call. (during, while)
6. Did you hear any noises ____________ the night? (during, while)
7. It looked ____________ we would not be able to leave until the next day. (as if,
like)
8. We all felt tired ____________ the hot weather. (because, because of)
9. I read a book ___________ I was waiting. (during, while)
10. Her eyes shone _____________ stars. (as if, like)
11. They managed to work together, ___________ their differences of opinion.
(although, despite)
12. I left home early, ____________ I had to do several errands. (because,
because of)
13. He speaks about the subject ____________ he were an expert. (as if, like)
14. We rested ____________ the hottest part of the day. (during, while)
15. ____________ she lost her way twice, she arrived safely. (Although, Despite)
16. ____________ their interest in comets, they decided to study astronomy.
(Because, Because of)

Exercise 4

Paying attention to the meanings of the sentences, fill in the blanks with the correct
connecting adverbs chosen from the pairs given in brackets.
1. The work was new to me. ____________, it did not seem difficult. (Consequently,
Nevertheless)
2. Continue along Queen Street. ____________ turn left. (Then, Therefore)
3. It was very misty. ______________, we could not get a clear view of the
mountain. (Hence, However)
4. We had walked several miles. ____________, we did not feel tired. (Accordingly,
Still)
5. She is a talented actress. ____________, she is very beautiful. (Moreover, Thus)
6. We take the bus every day. __________, we are familiar with the bus route.
(Nevertheless, Thus)
7. The child was sleepy. ______________, we went home early. (Otherwise,
Therefore)
8. The food was delicious. _____________, the service was excellent. (Likewise,
Nevertheless)
9. We looked everywhere. _____________, we could not find the keys. (However,
Thus)
10. The book is long. _____________, the vocabulary is difficult. (Consequently,
Furthermore)
11. Luckily, the moon was bright. ______________, we could not have seen the
path. (Accordingly, Otherwise)
12. He is old. _____________, his mind is still active. (Nonetheless, Therefore)
Exercise 5
Paying attention to the structure of the sentences, fill in the blanks with the
conjunctions or connecting adverbs given in brackets. Make sure that the sentences
conform to the rules of correct formal English.
1. I have invited him. ____________, I have invited his sister. (Also, And)
2. He walked up to the door ____________ knocked. (and, likewise)
3. The bus fare is expensive; ____________, I prefer to walk. (so, therefore)
4. She is well-educated. ____________, she has very good manners. (And, Besides)
5. I would rather travel by train, ___________ the bus leaves earlier. (but, however)

6. We were born in this village; ____________, we know everyone here. (hence, so


that)
7. Put less wood on the fire, ___________ it will be too smoky. (or, otherwise)
8. They got off the train. __________ they began to search for a hotel. (And, Then)
9. She studied for many months; ____________, she knew the material thoroughly.
(consequently, so that)
10. The weather was hot; ____________, the air was humid. (and, moreover)
11. Please come with us, ____________ I can introduce you to my friends. (thus, so
that)
12. The sun was warm, ____________ a cool breeze blew in from the sea. (but,
however)
13. I have read this book before; ____________, I do not remember the plot. (but,
however)
14. They were hot ____________ tired. (also, and)
15. The door was locked; ____________, we would have waited inside. (or,
otherwise)
16. I have known her for many years; ____________, I understand her character
well. (so that, thus)
17. We opened the window ____________ fresh air would blow into the room.
(consequently, so that)
18. He is ignorant; ____________, he is lazy. (and, furthermore)
19. They visited many stores; ___________, they could not find what they were
looking for. (but, however)

20. You should go to sleep now, ____________ you will be tired tomorrow. (or,
otherwise)
21. I was worried; ___________, I was determined not to show it. (but, nevertheless)

Answers to Exercise 2:
1. and 2. when 3. or 4. or 5. but also 6. then 7. nor 8. and 9. than 10. when 11. or

12. than 13. nor 14. than 15. and


Answers to Exercise 3:
1. although 2. until 3. as soon as 4. as though 5. After 6. unless 7. Before 8. Even
if 9. since 10. as 11. supposing 12. If 13. so 14. than 15. for 16. providing 17.
Because 18. or else
Answers to Exercise 4:
1. although 2. despite 3. because 4. like 5. while 6. during 7. as if 8. because of
9. while 10. like 11. despite 12. because 13. as if 14. during 15. Although 16.
Because of
Answers to Exercise 5:
1. Nevertheless 2. Then 3. Hence 4. Still 5. Moreover 6. Thus 7. Therefore 8.
Likewise 9. However 10. Furthermore 11. Otherwise 12. Nonetheless
Answers to Exercise 6:
1. Also 2. and 3. therefore 4. Besides 5. but 6. hence 7. or 8. Then 9.
consequently 10. moreover 11. so that 12. but 13. however 14. and 15.
otherwise 16. thus 17. so that 18. furthermore 19. however 20. or 21.
nevertheless

Exercise on the Form of Adverbs


Find the adjective in the first sentence and fill the gap with the adverb.
1.

Joanne is happy. She smiles happily

.
happily

2.

The boy is loud. He shouts loudly

3.

Her English is fluent. She speaks English fluently

4.

Our mum was angry. She spoke to us angrily

5.

My neighbour is a careless driver. He drives carelessly

6.

The painter is awful. He paints awfully

7.

Jim is a wonderful piano player. He plays the piano wonderfully

8.

This girl is very quiet. She often sneaks out of the house quietly

9.

She is a good dancer. She dances really well

10.

This exercise is simple. You simply


space.
9 out of 10 answers are correct.

.
.
.
.

.
have to put one word in each

Exercise - Adjective or Adverb


Write down the correct form of the word in brackets (adjective or adverb).
1.

Tom is slow

. He works slowly
slow

2.

.
slowly

Sue is a careful

girl. She climbed up the ladder carefully


careful

.
carefully

3.

The dog is angry

. It barks angrily
angry

4.

.
angrily

He acted excellently

. He's an excellent
excellently

5.

They learn English easily

actor.
excellent

. They think English is an easy


easily

language.
easy

6.

Max is a good

singer. He sings well


good

7.

It's awfully

cold today. The cold wind is awful


awfully

8.

.
well

.
awful

Dogs rely on their noses as they can smell (Your answer: extremelly well)
extremely well

. If that is true, why does dog food smell so terrible


extremelly wel

?
terrible

9.

The little boy looked sad

. I went over to comfort him and he


sad

looked at me sadly

.
sadly

10.

I tasted the soup carefully

but it tasted wonderful

carefully

wonderful

19 out of 20 answers are correct.


Prepositions of place, direction and time - Exercise
Prepositions

Prepositions o

en

697

You answered 12 tasks out of 16 correctly.


That's 75%.
Your results:

I'm Peter and I live

in Germany.

During summer I like to travel


because

I'm Peter and I live in Germany. In

to Italy, summer I like to travel to Italy, because

of the weather and the

of the weather and the people there. Last

people there. Last summer I took a plane summer I took a plane from Munich to
over Munich to Rome.

From the

airport we went to our hotel


We stopped

by bus.

Rome. From the airport we went to our


hotel by bus. We stopped at a small

at a small restaurant for a restaurant for a quick meal. The driver

quick meal. The driver parked the bus

parked the bus behind the restaurant.

behind the restaurant. Nobody could find Nobody could find the bus and the driver,
the bus and the driver, so we waited

so we waited outside the restaurant for

outside the restaurant

for one hour.

one hour. The driver was walking

The driver was walking

through the

through the small park near the

small park

round the restaurant which restaurant which we did not know. So we

we did not know. So we were very angry were very angry with him. But my
with him. But my holidays were great. holidays were great. We sat round
We sat

at campfires and went dancing campfires and went dancing till the early

till the early mornings.

mornings.

Exercise on Prepositions
1.

Mr. Martin is responsible ______ recruitment

2.

I'm sorry but I don't understand the reason ________ the

increase ________ price.


3.

In this company, salaries depend ________ the level of

responsibility.
4.

You have to pay ________ the tickets the day you order

5.

Our new Chairman reminds me ________ my old history

them.

teacher.
6.

Do you think the report could be translated ________

English for the meeting tomorrow?


7.

Thank you for offering to help. It's very kind ________ you.

8.

Look ________ the woman ________ the picture. Who is

9.

The manager didn't take part ________ the discussion. He

she?

didn't want to intervene.


10.

It's no use taking him to the Louvre. He isn't interested

_______ art.
11.

The food in Japan is very different ________ European

12.

I don't agree ________ you.

food.
________ my opinion

you're wrong.
13.
________ him.

John was late for the meeting as usual. That's typical

14.

We should invite Pete to the party. He's very good

________ telling jokes.


15.

The car crashed ________ a fence ________ the other

side of the road.

) for

2)for/in

9) in

10) in

3) on

4) for

11) from

5) of

12) with/in

6) into

7) of

13) of

14) at

8) at/in
15) into/on

Exercise on Prepositions Time


Choose the correct prepositions.
1. What are you doing at

the weekend?
at

2. I don't know yet. Maybe I'll go to the cinema on

Saturday.
on

3. That's interesting. I haven't been to the cinema for

so many years.
for

4. We could go there together in

the afternoon.
in

5. That would be great. But I would prefer to go there in

the evening. I
in

am visiting my grandma on

Saturday.
on

6. That's okay. The film starts at

eight o'clock.
at

7. I can pick you up (Your answer: in) at

half (Your answer: to)


in

past

seven. How long does the film last?


to

8. It lasts for

two hours and forty-five minutes.


for

9. From

eight till
From

a quarter (Your answer: past) to


till

eleven.
past

10. That's right. But I must hurry home after

the film. I have to be home


after

by

eleven o'clock.
by

12 out of 15 answers are correct

Relative pronouns - who, which, whose - Exercise


Pronouns

Relative prono

en

618

You answered 7 tasks out of 10 correctly.


That's 70%.
Your results:

1) I talked to the girl

which car had

broken down in front of the shop.


2) Mr Richards,

Correct answer: I talked to the girl whose


car had broken down in front of the shop.

who is a taxi driver,

lives on the corner.


3) We often visit our aunt in Norwich
whose is in East Anglia.
4) This is the girl
who comes from
Spain.
5) That's Peter, the boy

Correct answer: We often visit our aunt in


Norwich which is in East Anglia.

who has just

arrived at the airport.


6) Thank you very much for your e-mail
which was very interesting.
7) The man,
whose father is a
professor, forgot his umbrella.
8) The children,
who shouted in the
street, are not from our school.
9) The car, which driver is a young
man, is from Ireland.
10) What did you do with the money
which your mother lent you?

Correct answer: The car, whose driver is


a young man, is from Ireland.

INSTITUT PENDIDIKAN GURU KAMPUS DARUL AMAN


06000 JITRA KEDAH
English Lauguage Academic Language Study
Sele Accessment Learning

Name

: WONG CHIEW YIEN

IC.NO

: 930521-13-5834

Group

: PPISMP PENDIDIKAN PEMULIHAN PENDIDIKAN


RENDAH (SK&SJKC) 1

Subject : ELA Lauguage Study (P11311P)


Lecturer : Puan Zarina Binti Omar
Date Of Submission

: 4 October 2011

Name

: WONG CHIEW YIEN

IC.NO

: 930521-13-5834

Date of birth : 21/05/1993


Course

: KPLSPM PPISMP 2011

Programme

: PENDIDIKAN PEMULIHAN PENDIDIKAN


RENDAH (SK&SJKC) 1

Gender

: FEMALE

Race

: CHINESE

Address

: NO.25 LORONG 2, JALAN KILANG,96500


BINTANGOR, SARAWAK.

Email

: chiewyien93@gmail.com

Hp.no

: 016-5725528

Reference
Internet :
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/pronouns/relative_pronouns.htm
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/adjectives-adverbs/exercises
http://www.learn-english-today.com/lessons/lesson_contents/preposition-ex.htm
http://www.fortunecity.com/bally/durrus/153/gramex28.html#1
http://www.better-english.com/grammar/con2.htm

Book :
Practical English Usage ( English as a second Language ), Editorial Research
Associates
Joanne Shrader, BA, 2003, English Grammar Handbook for Malaysians, First
published 2003
Jagieet Singh and Adrian Holden, 1995, Remediah English Grammar, Penerbit Fajar
Bakti Sdn.Bhd.(008974-T) 1995, 2003

ADVERBS

PRONOUNS

PREPOSITION

CONJUNCTIONS

CORRECTION

REFERENCE