You are on page 1of 14

YASKAWA AC Drives-A1000

Applying Integrated 6-Phase/12-Pulse Drives


to 3-Phase Source Applications

Application Note
Applicable Products:
Models: CIMR-AU4T0058 to AU4T0675

DOCUMENT NO. AN.A1000.01

Contents
1
2
3

OVERVIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
IMPORTANT CONSIDERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
RECONFIGURING A1000 INTEGRATED 6-PHASE/12-PULSE DRIVES. . . . . . 6

Copyright 2013 YASKAWA AMERICA, INC.


All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted,
in any form, or by any means, mechanical, electronic, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior
written permission of Yaskawa. No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information
contained herein. Moreover, because Yaskawa is constantly striving to improve its high-quality products, the
information contained in this manual is subject to change without notice. Every precaution has been taken in
the preparation of this manual. Nevertheless, Yaskawa assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions.
Neither is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the information contained in this
publication.
YASKAWA Application Note AN.A1000.01 Applying Integrated 6-Phase/12-Pulse Drives to 3-Phase Source Applications

1 Overview

Overview

Purpose and Intended Audience


The purpose of this application note is to provide the user with basic instructions to reconfigure A1000 series
6-phase/12-pulse AC drives for use with 3-phase/6-pulse sources. This document provides the following information.

A summary of important considerations for reconfiguration


A general diagram of a typical 12-pulse configuration
Two options for reconfiguring the 12-pulse system
Maximum applicable motor capacities for different input voltage conditions
Expected amperage in the system for 380 V to 480 V input range
Wiring and Branch Circuit Protection (BCP) recommendation for Heavy Duty (HD) and Normal Duty (ND) operations
AC line reactor recommendation for HD and ND operations

Introduction
A1000 series 6-phase/12-pulse drives are used to lower total demand distortion (TDD) as stipulated by IEEE 519-1992.
This is achieved by mitigating the current harmonics using 12-pulse rectification which eliminates the 5th and 7th
harmonics, the dominant harmonics in standard 3-phase/6-pulse configurations. A1000 series 6-phase/12-pulse drives can
be used in two hardware configurations to lower TDD.
1. Standard 12-pulse configuration, consisting of a 3-winding (-Y) isolation transformer to achieve less than 15%
input current harmonic distortion. Refer to Figure 1.
2. Hybrid 12-pulse configuration, consisting of a 2-winding isolation transformer and a balance reactor with matching
impedance to achieve less than 12% input current harmonic distortion. Refer to Figure 2.
The drives two built-in 6-pulse diode modules are utilized for rectification with a transformer or transformer-reactor
front-end to provide a phase shifted 6-phase input to the drive in both hardware configurations.
A1000 series 6-phase/12-pulse drives can be reconfigured for use in 3-phase input applications by connecting together the
main input terminals; R/L1 and R1/L11, S/L2 and S1/L21, and T/L3 and T1/L31, external to the drive. The performance
of these reconfigured systems is similar to the standard 3-phase/6-pulse systems with a harmonic distortion higher than
the original 6-phase/12-pulse systems.

Applicable Products
Yaskawa AC Drive Models
Table 1 Applicable Yaskawa A1000 Series 6-phase/12-pulse Models
Yaskawa AC Drive Series
A1000

460 V Models
CIMR-AU4T0058 to 4T0675

YASKAWA Application Note AN.A1000.01 Applying Integrated 6-Phase/12-Pulse Drives to 3-Phase Source Applications

2 Important Considerations

Important Considerations

Yaskawa A1000 series 6-phase/12-pulse drives are tested and have UL approval for 6-phase/12-pulse applications. When
reconfiguring 6-phase/12-pulse drives, it is essential that the guidelines outlined in this document are followed to ensure
standards compliance, satisfactory operation, and drive longevity.

Drive Input Current


Limiting or mitigating the harmonic currents reduces the drive's input RMS current in 12-pulse systems. Hence, the rated
input current of a 6-phase/12-pulse drive is lower than the rated current of a standard 3-phase/6-pulse drive of the same
power rating. When 6-phase/12-pulse drives are reconfigured to 3-phase/6-pulse drives, the advantage of harmonic
mitigation is lost resulting in increased input current. Hence, it is important to ensure that the input currents do not exceed
the drive rated input currents at lower voltages (415 V and below) by appropriately derating the output power capacity of
the drive. Refer to Table 2 and Table 3 for selecting an appropriate motor capacity based on the input voltage.

DC Bus Capacitor Ripple Current


During the reconfiguration process, the phase-shifting transformer/matching reactor are removed. This decreases the
effective impedance of the system. The resulting high DC bus capacitor ripple current can lead to premature drive failure
when combined with the absence of the built-in DC link choke in the integrated 12-pulse drive. An appropriately sized
AC line reactor must be added to limit DC bus ripple and premature drive failure.

Proper Terminal Connections


To facilitate the use of the 3-phase source, the two sets of input terminals (R/L1, S/L2, T/L3 and R1/L11, S1/L21, T1/
L31) should be shorted external to the drive as R/L1 and R1/L11; S/L2 and S1/L21; and T/L3 and T1/L31. A terminal
block or the secondary of the line reactor can be used when possible. Shorting directly at the drive terminals is not
recommended as the clearance may not be sufficient to meet UL standards. Failure to do so may result in non-compliance
and/or damage to the drive.

Conductor Length
To ensure equal current sharing by the drives two parallel diode modules, it is necessary that the conductors used for
shorting have equal lengths. Failure to do so may result in one diode module conducting higher than rated current, leading
to diode failure.

YASKAWA Application Note AN.A1000.01 Applying Integrated 6-Phase/12-Pulse Drives to 3-Phase Source Applications

3 Reconfiguring A1000 Integrated 6-phase/12-pulse Drives

Reconfiguring A1000 Integrated 6-phase/12-pulse Drives

The A1000 series integrated 6-phase/12-pulse drive provides a cost effective solution for low harmonics. Figure 1 and
Figure 2 depict the typical system configurations when using an A1000 series 6-phase/12-pulse drive for harmonic
mitigation. Figure 3 provides an overview for reconfiguration to 6-pulse drives.
The input terminals R/L1, S/L2, T/L3 of the upper diode module can be shorted with the input terminals R1/L11, S1/L21,
T1/L31 of the lower diode module by using either the secondary of the line reactor as the common point, as described in
Reconfiguration Option 1 (Without Terminal Block) on page 7, or by using a terminal block as the common point, as
described in Reconfiguration Option 2 (With Terminal Block) on page 8.
NOTICE: Ensure

all wires (shorting conductors) are equal in length for both reconfiguration options. Failure to comply
may result in diode failure in the AC drive.

Figure 1

Figure 1 Standard 12-pulse System Configuration


Figure 2

Figure 2 Hybrid 12-pulse System Configuration


Figure 3

Figure 3 Modified 12-pulse Configuration for 6-pulse Applications

YASKAWA Application Note AN.A1000.01 Applying Integrated 6-Phase/12-Pulse Drives to 3-Phase Source Applications

3 Reconfiguring A1000 Integrated 6-phase/12-pulse Drives

Reconfiguration Option 1 (Without Terminal Block)


Reconfiguration Option 1 is configured with drive terminals shorted external to the drive using the secondary of the AC
line reactor as the common point as shown in Figure 4. Two separate wires of equal lengths connect the two terminals.
Example: R/L1 and R1/L11 are connected to the secondary or output terminal of the AC line reactor.
The system amperage is given in Table 4, based on the appropriate motor capacity indicated in Table 2 and Table 3. The
line side conductor of the line reactor carries full system amperage and the load side conductor, being split, carries half the
amperage. Wiring recommendation for 380V-480 V systems are specified in Wiring Recommendations on page 10. The
circuit should have branch circuit protection between the AC line and the line reactor as indicated by the fuse in Figure 4.
The ratings for branch circuit protection devices are specified in Branch Circuit Protection on page 11.
The recommended AC line reactors along with the minimum inductance are specified in AC Line Reactor
Recommendation on page 12. Line reactor selection should be based on the system input current and the minimum
inductance as indicated.
Figure 4

AC

Figure 4 Reconfiguration Option 1

YASKAWA Application Note AN.A1000.01 Applying Integrated 6-Phase/12-Pulse Drives to 3-Phase Source Applications

3 Reconfiguring A1000 Integrated 6-phase/12-pulse Drives

Reconfiguration Option 2 (With Terminal Block)


Reconfiguration Option 2 is configured with a terminal block as the common point for shorting the terminals as depicted
in Figure 5. This is the case if the line reactor secondary terminal is not able to accommodate two wires due to space
constraints. Two separate wires of equal lengths connect the two terminals as shown in Figure 5,
Example: R/L1 and R1/L11, are connected to the output terminal of the terminal block.
The system amperage is given in Table 4, based on the appropriate motor capacity indicated in Table 2 and Table 3.
Wiring recommendation for 380V-480 V systems are specified in Wiring Recommendations on page 10. The circuit
should have branch circuit protection between the AC line and the line reactor as indicated by the fuse in Figure 5. The
ratings for branch circuit protection devices are specified in Branch Circuit Protection on page 11. The recommended
AC line reactors along with the minimum inductance are specified in AC Line Reactor Recommendation on page 12.
Line reactor selection should be based on the system input current and the minimum inductance as indicated.
The line side conductor of the terminal block carries full system current and the load side conductor, being split, carries
half the current. Thus, the terminal blocks should have accommodations for multiple conductors, on the load side.
Figure 5

AC

Figure 5 Reconfiguration Option 2

Motor Capacity
Maximum Applicable Motor Capacity 460/480 V
Table 2 Maximum Applicable Motor Capacity for 460/480 V Input
Model

Normal Duty (ND)


Maximum
Drive Rated Input
Applicable
Motor
Current (A)
Capacity (HP) <1>

Heavy Duty (HD)


Maximum
Drive Rated Input
Applicable
Motor
Current (A)
Capacity (HP) <1>

AU4T0058

54

40

40

30

AU4T0072

66

50

54

40

AU4T0088

79

60

66

50

AU4T0103

97

75

79

60

AU4T0139

131

100

97

75

AU4T0165

156

125

131

100

AU4T0208

190

150

156

125

AU4T0250

228

150

190

150

AU4T0296

275

200

228

150

AU4T0362

317

250

275

200

AU4T0414

376

300

317

250

AU4T0515

427

350

376

300

AU4T0675

603

500

511

400

<1> Motor HP values are based on NEC 2011, Table 430.250 for 460 V motors.

YASKAWA Application Note AN.A1000.01 Applying Integrated 6-Phase/12-Pulse Drives to 3-Phase Source Applications

3 Reconfiguring A1000 Integrated 6-phase/12-pulse Drives

Maximum Applicable Motor Capacity 380/415 V


Table 3 Maximum Applicable Motor Capacity for 380/415 V Input
Normal Duty (ND)
Maximum
Drive Rated Input
Applicable
Motor
Amperage (A)
Capacity (HP)

Model
AU4T0058
AU4T0072
AU4T0088
AU4T0103
AU4T0139
AU4T0165
AU4T0208
AU4T0250
AU4T0296
AU4T0362
AU4T0414
AU4T0515
AU4T0675

54
66
79
97
131
156
190
228
275
317
376
427
603

30
40
50
60
75
100
125
150
150
200
250
300
400

Heavy Duty (HD)


Maximum
Drive Rated Input
Applicable
Motor
Amperage (A)
Capacity (HP)
40
54
66
79
97
131
156
190
228
275
317
376
511

25
30
40
50
60
75
100
125
150
150
200
250
350

System Amperage
Table 4 Drive Rated Input and Conductor Amperage Ratings in Reconfigured System
Model
AU4T0058
AU4T0072
AU4T0088
AU4T0103
AU4T0139
AU4T0165
AU4T0208
AU4T0250
AU4T0296
AU4T0362
AU4T0414
AU4T0515
AU4T0675

Input Voltage
Range (Vac)

380-480

Drive Rated Input Amperage


(A)
Normal Duty
54
66
79
97
131
156
190
228
275
317
376
427
603

Heavy Duty
40
54
66
79
97
131
156
190
228
275
317
376
511

Amperage per Conductor (A)


Dual Conductors
Single Conductor
Normal Duty
Heavy Duty
Normal Duty
Heavy Duty
27
20
54
40
33
27
66
54
40
33
79
66
49
40
97
79
66
49
131
97
78
66
156
131
95
78
190
156
114
95
228
190
138
114
275
228
159
138
317
275
188
159
376
317
214
188
427
376
302
256
603
511

YASKAWA Application Note AN.A1000.01 Applying Integrated 6-Phase/12-Pulse Drives to 3-Phase Source Applications

3 Reconfiguring A1000 Integrated 6-phase/12-pulse Drives

Wiring Recommendations
Wiring Recommendation for Normal Duty (ND) 380-480 V Systems
Table 5 Wiring Recommendation for Reconfigured System for Normal Duty (ND)
Model

Input Voltage Range


(Vac)

AU4T0058
AU4T0072
AU4T0088
AU4T0103
AU4T0139
AU4T0165
AU4T0208
AU4T0250
AU4T0296
AU4T0362
AU4T0414
AU4T0515
AU4T0675

380-480

Dual
Conductors <1>
(AWG/Kcmil)
8
8
6
6
4
3
1
1/0
2/0
3/0
250
300
4/0 2P <2>

Single
Conductor
(AWG/Kcmil)
4
4
3
1
2/0
3/0
250
300
2/0 2P <2>
3/0 2P <2>
250 2P <2>
300 2P <2>
250 4P <2>

<1> Requires two conductors per phase. The total number of conductors required per phase will be two times P, where is the number of multiple
conductors. (Example: AU4T0675 requires qty 4 4/0 AWG conductors in total)
<2> Indicates multiple conductors.
Note: Wire selection is based on 75 C copper wire per Table 28.1 of UL508A for currents indicated in Table 4. The wire gauges listed
are Yaskawa recommendations. Refer to the NEC and/or local codes for proper wire gauge selections.

Wiring Recommendations for Heavy Duty (HD) 380-480 V Systems


Table 6 Wiring Recommendation for Reconfigured System for Heavy Duty (HD)
Model

Input Voltage Range


(Vac)

AU4T0058
AU4T0072
AU4T0088
AU4T0103
AU4T0139
AU4T0165
AU4T0208
AU4T0250
AU4T0296
AU4T0362
AU4T0414
AU4T0515
AU4T0675

380-480

Dual
Conductors <1>
(AWG/Kcmil)
10
8
6
6
6
4
2
1
1/0
2/0
4/0
250
4/0 2P <2>

Single
Conductor
(AWG/Kcmil)
8
4
4
3
1
2/0
3/0
250
300
2/0 2P <2>
3/0 2P <2>
250 2P <2>
3/0 4P <2>

<1> Requires two conductors per phase. The total number of conductors required per phase will be two times P, where is the number of multiple
conductors. (Example: AU4T0675 requires qty 4 4/0 AWG conductors in total)
Note: Wire selection is based on 75 C copper wire per Table 28.1 of UL508A for currents indicated in Table 4. The wire gauges listed
are Yaskawa recommendations. Refer to the NEC and/or local codes for proper wire gauge selections.

10

YASKAWA Application Note AN.A1000.01 Applying Integrated 6-Phase/12-Pulse Drives to 3-Phase Source Applications

3 Reconfiguring A1000 Integrated 6-phase/12-pulse Drives

Branch Circuit Protection


Branch Circuit Protection Recommendation for Normal Duty (ND)
Table 7 Branch Circuit Protection Recommendation for Reconfigured System for Normal Duty (ND)
Model

Input
Voltage
Range
(Vac)

Input
Maximum
Current MCCB Rating
(A)
(A)

Maximum
Time Delay
Fuse Rating
(A)

Maximum
Non-Time Delay
Fuse Rating
(A)

100

150

Bussman
Semiconductor
Fuse Rating
(A)

AU4T0058

54

100

AU4T0072

66

125

110

200

AU4T0088

79

150

150

250

AU4T0103

97

200

175

300

AU4T0139

131

250

225

400

FWH-350A (350)

AU4T0165

156

300

250

500

FWH-400A (400)

AU4T0208

380-480

FWH-250A (250)

190

400

350

600

FWH-500A (500)

AU4T0250

228

450

400

700

FWH-600A (600)

AU4T0296

275

600

500

800

FWH-700A (700)

AU4T0362

317

600

600

1000

AU4T0414

376

800

700

1200

AU4T0515

427

900

800

1350

FWH-1000A (1000)

AU4T0675

603

1200

1100

1800

FWH-1200A (1200)

FWH-800A (800)

Note: Refer to NEC 2011, Article 430 when selecting fuses for branch short circuit protection based on currents indicated in Table 4.

Branch Circuit Protection Recommendation for Heavy Duty (HD)


Table 8 Branch Circuit Protection Recommendation for Reconfigured System for Heavy Duty (HD)
Model

Input
Voltage
Range
(Vac)

Input
Maximum
Current MCCB Rating
(A)
(A)

Maximum
Time Delay
Fuse Rating
(A)

Maximum
Non-Time Delay
Fuse Rating
(A)

Bussman
Semiconductor
Fuse Rating
(A)

AU4T0058

40

75

75

125

AU4T0072

54

100

100

150

AU4T0088

66

125

110

200

AU4T0103

79

150

150

250

AU4T0139

97

175

175

300

FWH-350A (350)

AU4T0165

131

225

225

400

FWH-400A (400)

156

250

250

500

FWH-500A (500)

AU4T0250

190

350

350

600

FWH-600A (600)

AU4T0296

228

400

400

700

FWH-700A (700)

AU4T0362

275

500

500

800

AU4T0414

317

600

600

1000

AU4T0515

376

700

700

1200

FWH-1000A (1000)

AU4T0675

511

1000

1000

1600

FWH-1200A (1200)

AU4T0208

380-480

FWH-250A (250)

FWH-800A (800)

Note: Refer to NEC 2011, Article 430 when selecting fuses for branch short circuit protection based on currents indicated in Table 4.

YASKAWA Application Note AN.A1000.01 Applying Integrated 6-Phase/12-Pulse Drives to 3-Phase Source Applications

11

3 Reconfiguring A1000 Integrated 6-phase/12-pulse Drives

AC Line Reactor Recommendation


Note: 3% line reactors are recommended to maintain the effective impedance in the circuit for lower capacitor ripple currents. 5%
impedance reactors are recommended provided the voltage drop is acceptable for improved THD performance. Please consult
factory for further information.

AC Line Reactor Recommendation for Normal Duty (ND)


Table 9 AC Line Reactor Recommendation for Reconfigured System for Normal Duty (ND)
Input Voltage
Range
(Vac)

Rated Input ND
Current
(A)

Minimum
Inductance
(mH)

MTE Line
Reactor Part
Number <1>

Yaskawa Line
Reactor Part
Number

Standard
Inductance
(mH)

AU4T0058

54

0.315

RLW-005503

URX000330

0.48

AU4T0072

66

0.255

AU4T0088

79

0.21

RLW-008303

URX000336

0.29

AU4T0103

97

0.18

RLW-010403

URX000339

0.23

AU4T0139

131

0.13

AU4T0165

156

0.11

RLW-016003

URX000345

0.155

190

0.09

RLW-020003

URX000348

0.115

AU4T0250

228

0.075

RLW-025003

URX000351

0.095

AU4T0296

275

0.06

AU4T0362

317

0.05

RLW-032203

URX000354

0.07

AU4T0414

376

0.045

RLW-041403

URX000357

0.066

AU4T0515

427

0.035

RLW-051503

URX000360

0.05

AU4T0675

603

0.025

RLW-075003

URX000366

0.035

Model

AU4T0208

380-480

<1> MTE Line Reactor Part Number indicates an open-type reactor. The input reactor can be installed outside the panel provided it is within a
suitable enclosure and conductors are appropriately sized for field wiring where necessary as per currents indicated in Table 4.

AC Line Reactor Recommendation for Heavy Duty (HD)


Table 10 AC Line Reactor Recommendation for Reconfigured System for Heavy Duty (HD)
Rated Input ND
Current
(A)

Minimum
Inductance
(mH)

MTE Line
Reactor Part
Number <1>

Yaskawa Line
Reactor Part
Number

Standard
Inductance
(mH)

AU4T0058

40

0.315

RLW-004603

URX000327

0.55

AU4T0072

54

0.255

RLW-005503

URX000330

0.48

AU4T0088

66

0.21

AU4T0103

79

0.18

RLW-008303

URX000336

0.29

AU4T0139

97

0.13

RLW-010403

URX000339

0.23

AU4T0165

131

0.11

156

0.09

RLW-016003

URX000345

0.155

AU4T0250

190

0.075

RLW-020003

URX000348

0.115

AU4T0296

228

0.06

RLW-025003

URX000351

0.095

AU4T0362

275

0.05

AU4T0414

317

0.045

RLW-032203

URX000354

0.07

AU4T0515

376

0.035

RLW-041403

URX000357

0.066

AU4T0675

511

0.025

RLW-051503

URX000360

0.05

Model

AU4T0208

Input Voltage
Range
(Vac)

380-480

<1> MTE Line Reactor Part Number indicates open-type reactor. The input reactor can be installed outside the panel provided it is in a suitable
enclosure and conductors are appropriately sized for field wiring where necessary as per currents indicated in Table 4.

12

YASKAWA Application Note AN.A1000.01 Applying Integrated 6-Phase/12-Pulse Drives to 3-Phase Source Applications

YASKAWA AC Drives

Applying Integrated 6-Phase/12-Pulse Drives


to 3-Phase Source Applications

Application Note
YASKAWA AMERICA, INC.

2121 Norman Drive South, Waukegan, IL 60085, U.S.A.


Phone: (800) YASKAWA (927-5292) or 1-847-887-7000 Fax: 1-847-887-7310
http://www.yaskawa.com

YASKAWA AMERICA, INC.

2013 YASKAWA AMERICA, INC. All rights reserved.

DOCUMENT NO. AN.A1000.01


Published in U.S.A December 2013 13-12 <0>