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com

Section 2 Fractions

Math Video Tutor DVD Fractions Thru Algebra

Section 2 Fractions

This is Worksheet 3 of 3 For Section 2 On The DVD:

Worksheet Topic: Adding and Subtracting Fractions

Please watch Section 2 of this DVD before working these problems.

The DVD is located at:

http://www.mathtutordvd.com/products/item8.cfm

Page 1

Section 2 Fractions

Have a Common Denominator.

1) Add the following fractions:

1 1

+

2 2

2 1

+

3 3

3 1

+

8 8

2 3

+

7 7

Page 2

Section 2 Fractions

1 2

+

6 6

5 1

+

9 9

1

1

1 +2

4

4

2

4

3 +1

9

9

Page 3

Section 2 Fractions

4 2

9 9

5 3

6 6

7

4

12 12

11 1

15 15

Page 4

Section 2 Fractions

7

3

16 16

9

2

1

14 14

11

5

3

18

18

Page 5

Section 2 Fractions

16) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as

needed.

1 1

+

2 4

17) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as

needed.

2 1

+

6 3

18) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as

needed.

3 2

+

5 10

19) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as

needed.

8 1

15 5

Page 6

Section 2 Fractions

20) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as

needed.

1 1

2 3

21) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as

needed.

3 1

4 3

22) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as

needed.

3 2

6 9

23) Add or subtract the following fractions, finding a common denominator first as

needed.

3 1 1

+

4 2 4

Page 7

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

1 1

+

2 2

1+1

2

2

2

Begin.

denominators must be the same. The two

fractions here have the same denominator,

so we can add the fractions easily. You

simply add the numerators together, and

keep the common denominator in the

answer.

Carry our the addition.

case we realize that since all fractions are

2

really division,

is simply two divided by

2

two, which equals 1. Notice that this makes

perfect senseone-half of a pie plus onehalf of another pie equals one whole pie.

Ans: 1.

Page 8

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

2 1

+

3 3

2 +1

3

3

3

Begin.

denominators must be the same. The two

fractions here have the same denominator,

so we can add the fractions easily. You

simply add the numerators together, and

keep the common denominator in the

answer.

Carry our the addition.

case we realize that since all fractions are

3

really division, is simply three divided by

3

three, which equals 1. Notice that this

makes perfect senseone-third of a pie plus

two-thirds of another pie equals one whole

pie.

Ans: 1.

Page 9

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

3 1

+

8 8

3 +1

8

4

8

44

84

1

2

Begin.

denominators must be the same. The two

fractions here have the same denominator,

so we can add the fractions easily. You

simply add the numerators together, and

keep the common denominator in the

answer.

Always try to simplify your answer. In this

case we realize we can simplify the fraction

by dividing both numerator and denominator

by 4, since 4 can be divided evenly into

both top and bottom.

Carry out the simplification to arrive at the

final answer.

Ans:

1

2

Page 10

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

2 3

+

7 7

2+3

7

Begin.

denominators must be the same. The two

fractions here have the same denominator,

so we can add the fractions easily. You

simply add the numerators together, and

keep the common denominator in the

answer.

5

7

5

7

case the fraction is fully simplified because

we cant divide top and bottom by the same

number evenly.

Ans:

5

7

Page 11

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

1 2

+

6 6

1+ 2

6

3

6

33

63

1

2

Begin.

denominators must be the same. The two

fractions here have the same denominator,

so we can add the fractions easily. You

simply add the numerators together, and

keep the common denominator in the

answer.

Always try to simplify your answer. In this

case we realize we can simplify the fraction

by dividing both numerator and denominator

by 3, since 3 can be divided evenly into

both top and bottom.

Carry out the simplification to arrive at the

final answer.

Ans:

1

2

Page 12

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

5 1

+

9 9

5 +1

9

6

9

63

93

2

3

Begin.

denominators must be the same. The two

fractions here have the same denominator,

so we can add the fractions easily. You

simply add the numerators together, and

keep the common denominator in the

answer.

Always try to simplify your answer. In this

case we realize we can simplify the fraction

by dividing both numerator and denominator

by 3, since 3 can be divided evenly into

both top and bottom.

Carry out the simplification to arrive at the

final answer.

Ans:

2

3

Page 13

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

Begin.

1

1

1 +2

4

4

1+1

1+ 2 +

4

very easy. In this case just add the whole

numbers together separately. Then you add

the fractional part separately just like you

have been doing.

In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. The two

fractions here have the same denominator,

so we can add the fractions easily. You

simply add the numerators together, and

keep the common denominator in the

answer.

3+

3+

2

4

22

42

1

3

2

Always try to simplify the fraction in your

answer. In this case we realize we can

simplify the fraction by dividing both

numerator and denominator by 2, since 2

can be divided evenly into both top and

bottom.

Carry out the simplification to arrive at the

final answer. You can now drop the +

between the whole number and the fraction

in the final answer.

Ans: 3

1

2

Page 14

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

Begin.

2

4

3 +1

9

9

2+4

3 +1+

9

very easy. In this case just add the whole

numbers together separately. Then you add

the fractional part separately just like you

have been doing.

In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. The two

fractions here have the same denominator,

so we can add the fractions easily. You

simply add the numerators together, and

keep the common denominator in the

answer.

4+

4+

6

9

63

93

2

4

3

Always try to simplify the fraction in your

answer. In this case we realize we can

simplify the fraction by dividing both

numerator and denominator by 3, since 3

can be divided evenly into both top and

bottom.

Carry out the simplification to arrive at the

final answer. You can now drop the +

between the whole number and the fraction

in the final answer.

Ans: 4

2

3

Page 15

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

Begin.

4 2

9 9

42

9

denominators must be the same. The two

fractions here have the same denominator,

so we can subtract the fractions easily. You

simply subtract the numerators, and keep the

common denominator in the answer.

2

9

2

9

answer. In this case we realize that this

fraction is already fully simplified, so we have

arrived at the answer.

Ans:

2

9

Page 16

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

Begin.

5 3

6 6

53

6

2

6

22

62

1

3

denominators must be the same. The two

fractions here have the same denominator,

so we can subtract the fractions easily. You

simply subtract the numerators, and keep the

common denominator in the answer.

Always try to simplify the fraction in your

answer. In this case we realize that we can

simplify the fraction by dividing both top and

bottom by 2.

Carry out the simplification to arrive at the

final answer.

Ans:

1

3

Page 17

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

Begin.

7

4

12 12

74

12

3

12

33

12 3

1

4

denominators must be the same. The two

fractions here have the same denominator,

so we can subtract the fractions easily. You

simply subtract the numerators, and keep the

common denominator in the answer.

Always try to simplify the fraction in your

answer. In this case we realize that we can

simplify the fraction by dividing both top and

bottom by 3.

Carry out the simplification to arrive at the

final answer.

Ans:

1

4

Page 18

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

Begin.

11 1

15 15

11 1

15

10

15

10 5

15 5

2

3

denominators must be the same. The two

fractions here have the same denominator,

so we can subtract the fractions easily. You

simply subtract the numerators, and keep the

common denominator in the answer.

Always try to simplify the fraction in your

answer. In this case we realize that we can

simplify the fraction by dividing both top and

bottom by 5.

Carry out the simplification to arrive at the

final answer.

Ans:

2

3

Page 19

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

Begin.

7

3

16 16

73

16

4

16

44

16 4

1

4

denominators must be the same. The two

fractions here have the same denominator,

so we can subtract the fractions easily. You

simply subtract the numerators, and keep the

common denominator in the answer.

Always try to simplify the fraction in your

answer. In this case we realize that we can

simplify the fraction by dividing both top and

bottom by 4.

Carry out the simplification to arrive at the

final answer.

Ans:

1

4

Page 20

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

Begin.

9

2

5 1

14 14

92

4

14

very easy. In this case just subtract the

whole numbers separately. Since 5-1=4, the

whole number 4 goes out in front of the

fraction. Then you subtract the fractional

part separately just like you have been doing.

In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. The two

fractions here have the same denominator,

so we can subtract the fractions easily. You

simply subtract the numerators, and keep the

common denominator in the answer.

7

14

77

14 7

1

4

2

Always try to simplify the fraction in your

answer. In this case we realize that we can

simplify the fraction by dividing both top and

bottom by 7.

Carry out the simplification to arrive at the

final answer.

Ans: 4

1

2

Page 21

Section 2 Fractions

Question

Answer

Begin.

11

5

6 3

18

18

11 5

3

18

very easy. In this case just subtract the

whole numbers separately. Since 6-3=3, the

whole number 3 goes out in front of the

fraction. Then you subtract the fractional

part separately just like you have been doing.

In order to add or subtract fractions, the

denominators must be the same. The two

fractions here have the same denominator,

so we can subtract the fractions easily. You

simply subtract the numerators, and keep the

common denominator in the answer.

6

18

66

18 6

1

3

3

Always try to simplify the fraction in your

answer. In this case we realize that we can

simplify the fraction by dividing both top and

bottom by 6.

Carry out the simplification to arrive at the

final answer.

Ans: 3

1

3

Page 22

Section 2 Fractions

Question

fractions, finding a common

denominator first as needed.

Answer

Begin.

1 1

+

2 4

1 2 1

+

22 4

denominators must be the same. These two

fractions do not have the same denominator.

We must change one or both of the fractions

so that they have the same denominator

before we can add them.

Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of

one or both of the fractions by any number

you want in order to make the denominators

equal. Then you can just add them as

before. Remember you can always multiply

the top and bottom of a fraction by the same

number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top

and bottom.

In this case multiply the top and bottom of

1

by 2.

2

2 1

+

4 4

fractions both have a denominator of 4.

Page 23

2 +1

4

Section 2 Fractions

doing. Add the numerators and retain the

common denominator.

Carry out the addition.

3

4

3

4

case, the fraction is already fully simplified,

so you have arrived at the answer.

Ans:

3

4

Page 24

Section 2 Fractions

Question

fractions, finding a common

denominator first as needed.

Answer

Begin.

2 1

+

6 3

2 1 2

+

6 3 2

denominators must be the same. These two

fractions do not have the same denominator.

We must change one or both of the fractions

so that they have the same denominator

before we can add them.

Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of

one or both of the fractions by any number

you want in order to make the denominators

equal. Then you can just add them as

before. Remember you can always multiply

the top and bottom of a fraction by the same

number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top

and bottom.

In this case multiply the top and bottom of

1

by 2.

3

2 2

+

6 6

fractions both have a denominator of 6.

Page 25

2+2

6

Section 2 Fractions

doing. Add the numerators and retain the

common denominator.

Carry out the addition.

4

6

42

62

2

3

case we divide top and bottom by 2 to

simplify.

Carry out the simplification to arrive at the

answer.

Ans:

2

3

Page 26

Section 2 Fractions

Question

fractions, finding a common

denominator first as needed.

Answer

Begin.

3 2

+

5 10

3 2 2

+

5 2 10

denominators must be the same. These two

fractions do not have the same denominator.

We must change one or both of the fractions

so that they have the same denominator

before we can add them.

Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of

one or both of the fractions by any number

you want in order to make the denominators

equal. Then you can just add them as

before. Remember you can always multiply

the top and bottom of a fraction by the same

number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top

and bottom.

In this case multiply the top and bottom of

3

by 2.

5

6

2

+

10 10

fractions both have a denominator of 10.

Page 27

6+2

10

Section 2 Fractions

doing. Add the numerators and retain the

common denominator.

Carry out the addition.

8

10

82

10 2

4

5

case we divide top and bottom by 2 to

simplify.

Carry out the simplification to arrive at the

answer.

Ans:

4

5

Page 28

Section 2 Fractions

Question

fractions, finding a common

denominator first as needed.

Answer

Begin.

8 1

15 5

8 1 3

15 5 3

denominators must be the same. These two

fractions do not have the same denominator.

We must change one or both of the fractions

so that they have the same denominator

before we can add them.

Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of

one or both of the fractions by any number

you want in order to make the denominators

equal. Then you can just subtract them as

before. Remember you can always multiply

the top and bottom of a fraction by the same

number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top

and bottom.

In this case multiply the top and bottom of

1

by 3.

5

8

3

15 15

fractions both have a denominator of 15.

Page 29

83

15

Section 2 Fractions

been doing. subtract the numerators and

retain the common denominator.

Carry out the subtraction.

5

15

55

15 5

1

3

case we divide top and bottom by 5 to

simplify.

Carry out the simplification to arrive at the

answer.

Ans:

1

3

Page 30

Section 2 Fractions

Question

fractions, finding a common

denominator first as needed.

Answer

Begin.

1 1

2 3

1 3 1 2

23 3 2

denominators must be the same. These two

fractions do not have the same denominator.

We must change one or both of the fractions

so that they have the same denominator

before we can add them.

Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of

one or both of the fractions by any number

you want in order to make the denominators

equal. Then you can just subtract them as

before. Remember you can always multiply

the top and bottom of a fraction by the same

number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top

and bottom.

In this case multiply the top and bottom of

1

by 3. Also multiply the top and bottom of

2

1

by 2.

3

3 2

6 6

fractions both have a denominator of 6.

Page 31

3 2

6

Section 2 Fractions

been doing. subtract the numerators and

retain the common denominator.

Carry out the subtraction.

1

6

1

6

fraction is already simplified, so we are done.

Ans:

1

6

Page 32

Section 2 Fractions

Question

fractions, finding a common

denominator first as needed.

Answer

Begin.

3 1

4 3

3 3 1 4

43 3 4

denominators must be the same. These two

fractions do not have the same denominator.

We must change one or both of the fractions

so that they have the same denominator

before we can add them.

Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of

one or both of the fractions by any number

you want in order to make the denominators

equal. Then you can just subtract them as

before. Remember you can always multiply

the top and bottom of a fraction by the same

number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top

and bottom.

In this case multiply the top and bottom of

3

by 3. Also multiply the top and bottom of

4

1

by 4.

3

9

4

12 12

fractions both have a denominator of 12.

Page 33

94

12

Section 2 Fractions

been doing. subtract the numerators and

retain the common denominator.

Carry out the subtraction.

5

12

5

12

fraction is already simplified, so we are done.

Ans:

5

12

Page 34

Section 2 Fractions

Question

fractions, finding a common

denominator first as needed.

Answer

Begin.

3 2

6 9

39 26

69 96

denominators must be the same. These two

fractions do not have the same denominator.

We must change one or both of the fractions

so that they have the same denominator

before we can add them.

Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of

one or both of the fractions by any number

you want in order to make the denominators

equal. Then you can just subtract them as

before. Remember you can always multiply

the top and bottom of a fraction by the same

number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top

and bottom.

In this case multiply the top and bottom of

2

by 6. Also multiply the top and bottom of

9

3

by 9.

6

27 12

54 54

fractions both have a denominator of 54.

Page 35

27 12

54

Section 2 Fractions

been doing. subtract the numerators and

retain the common denominator.

Carry out the subtraction.

15

54

15 3

54 3

5

18

simplify this fraction by dividing top and

bottom by 3

Carry out the simplification to arrive at the

final answer.

Ans:

5

18

Page 36

Section 2 Fractions

Question

fractions, finding a common

denominator first as needed.

Answer

Begin.

3 1 1

+

4 2 4

3 1 2 1

+

4 22 4

denominators must be the same. These two

fractions do not have the same denominator.

We must change one or both of the fractions

so that they have the same denominator

before we can add them.

Do this by multiplying the top and bottom of

one or both of the fractions by any number

you want in order to make the denominators

equal. Then you can just subtract them as

before. Remember you can always multiply

the top and bottom of a fraction by the same

number, as long as you do it to BOTH the top

and bottom.

In this case multiply the top and bottom of

1

by 2.

2

3 2 1

+

4 4 4

fractions have a denominator of 4.

Page 37

3 + 2 1

4

Section 2 Fractions

you have been doing. Add and subtract the

numerators and retain the common

denominator.

Carry out the additions and subtractions.

4

4

4

realize that is really four divided by four

4

which is equal to 1, which is the answer.

Ans: 1

Page 38

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