You are on page 1of 9


[Attention Disorders]
[Adlet Nkiwane]

EDGR 535 Theories of

Teaching and
Concordia University
Dr. Karyl Davis

Dealing with ADHD

Teachers may
know about ADHD
but they do not
know how to deal
with it.

If you have found medication that works

make sure your child is covered all day

Set up firm and clear routines.

Make sure the rewards suit the ADHD
Know what to do if it doesnt work.
Keep rewards and discipline system

What is ADHD?
It is the attention deficit
hyperactivity disorder
characterised by
hyperactivity and
impulsiveness. It is
common in children.

Make sure you have the childs attention

first before you say anything; ADHD kids
short attention spans and struggle to pay

When speaking use as few words as is


Use the three step procedure for


What is the role of a teacher

in the ADHD cases?
Teachers are often the first to recognize
or suspect ADHD in children.
Teachers are constantly in touch with the
children. They are expected to report
any behaviour

That is out of the norm to the school

psychologist or parent about their

Teachers cannot diagnose ADHD.

They can tell a parent what they
have noticed.
They evaluate the childs
behaviour on standardized
behaviour scales, at the request of
the diagnosing professional;
psychiatrist or social worker.

Step 1- awareness
Step 2- warning
Step 3- consequences
Decide a firm boundary for time out.
Do not expect things to work out
Learn how to speak to ADHD kids.
Praise a behaviour you want the child
to adopt.
Never ignore bad behaviour.
Avoid all junk food, if your ADHD
child is eating junk then most
behavior intervention will be
Exercise regularly.
Limit television time.

The childs teacher is important in

carrying out the behavioral part of
the treatment plan.


code their all their books.

Never send them to their room; toys

will distract them.
Colour code all their school books

Parenting strategies for kids

with ADHD
Stay calm.
Set limits on your own behaviour.
Set structure but make it pressure free.
Give the child a chance to make wise
Use reasonable consequences for rule
Expect rule breaking and do not take it
Advocate for your child when

Drawing on their Learning


Students with learning disabilities do

have learning strengths and are
sometimes gifted in spatial
awareness, logical thinking/reason
and visualization.

These students are frequently hands

on, visual learners by nature and
would benefit greatly from the use of
the manipulative (pattern blocks,
base ten blocks, interlocking cubes
and other graphing activities.
Teaching Mathematics through hands
on, cooperative problem solving

Do not feel like a failure; accept that you

are doing your best under the

Mathematical procedures taught

should be related to situations in
which they are required.

Celebrate being a parent and being with

your child- do not let ADHD rob you of
your joys of being a parent.

Teachers are encouraged to use

cooperative learning to allow
students to make discoveries

Focus your childs strengths

Try graphing on regular basis.

Include many estimation activities.
Make Mathematics hand-on;
contextualize highly interactive,
interconnected, systematic,
engaging, interesting and
Incorporate word problems
throughout the lesson instead of
adding them at the end.
Analyse the problem areas then
teach that are needed the most.
Explicitly teach, illustrate and
maintain word wall math vocabulary,
particularly those that cause
confusion for students.


Poor eating habits don't cause attention deficit

disorder, but research suggests a strong
relationship between ADHD and the food you
consume. Find out what foods and supplements
make a diet ADD-friendly and what may make
ADHD symptoms worse.

Deficiencies in certain types of foods can

worsen ADHD symptoms in children and
adults. An ADHD diet that ensures you're
getting adequate levels of the right foods
optimizes brain function.
Protein. Foods rich in protein lean beef,
pork, poultry, fish, eggs, beans, nuts, soy,

Because the body makes brain-awakening

neurotransmitters when you eat protein, start
your day with a breakfast that includes it,
says Laura Stevens, M.S., a nutritionist at
Purdue University and author of 12 Effective
Ways to Help Your ADD/ADHD Child. Dont
stop there. Look for ways to slip in lean
protein during the day, as well.

Next steps
If your GP thinks your child may have ADHD, they
may first suggest a period of "watchful waiting"
lasting around 10 weeks to see if your child's
symptoms improve, stay the same or get worse.
They may also suggest starting a parent training or
education program to teach you ways of helping
your child (see treating ADHD for more
If your child's behaviour doesn't improve, and both
you and your GP thinks it is seriously affecting their
day-to-day life, your GP should refer you and your
child to a specialist for a formal assessment (see
For adults with possible ADHD, your GP will assess
your symptoms and may refer you for an assessment

There are a number of different specialists
you or your child may be referred to for a
formal assessment, including:
A child or adult psychiatrist

A paediatrician (a specialist in
children's health)

If you think you or your child may have attention

deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), you might
want to consider speaking to your GP about it.
If you are worried about your child, it may help to
speak to their teachers before seeing your GP, to
find out if they have any concerns about your child's
Your GP can't formally diagnose ADHD, but they
can discuss your concerns with you and refer you
for a specialist assessment, if necessary.
When you see your GP, they may ask you:
About your symptoms or those of your child

When these symptoms started

Where the symptoms occur for example, at

home or in school
Whether the symptoms affect your or your
childs day-to-day life for example, if they
make socialising difficult
If there have been any recent significant
events in your or your child's life, such as a
death or divorce in the family

If there is a family history of ADHD

About any other problems or symptoms of

different health conditions you or your child
may have

You were not diagnosed with ADHD as a

child, but your symptoms began during
childhood and have been ongoing since

Your symptoms cannot be explained by

a mental health condition

Your symptoms have a significant

impact on your day-to-day life for
example, if you are underachieving at
work or find intimate relationships

A learning disability specialist, social

worker or occupational therapist with
expertise in ADHD

Who you are referred to will depend on your

age and what is available in your local area.
There is no simple test to determine whether
you or your child have ADHD, but your

Diagnosing ADHD

"The risk of adverse cardiac effects

of ADHD medication is real and should not be

A specialist can make an accurate

diagnosis after a detailed assessment that
may include:
A physical examination, which can
help rule out other possible causes
for the symptoms

A series of interviews with you or

your child

Interviews or reports from other

significant people, such as partners,
parents and teachers

Impact of ADHD on other learners


Contact details
Adlet Nkiwane
27 Pearson Street