BY Pakapol Wangmongkollert No.7 M.510 Kanin Peerawattanachart No.2 M.510

Internet is becoming an important tool for people today. It helps people in many ways such as a reliable source, convenient communication, and other advantages. This EBook is about Mozilla Firefox, which is the basic web browser you should learn. It is one of the most popular web browsers. This book will give you basic information and some important facts that will benefit you. There are the history, the features of the web browser, and how to use it efficiently.

History of Mozilla Firefox The Firefox project began as an experimental branch of the Mozilla project by Dave Hyatt and Blake Ross. They believed the commercial requirements of Netscape's sponsorship and developer-driven feature creep compromised the utility of the Mozilla browser. To combat what they saw as the Mozilla Suite's software bloat, they created a stand-alone browser, with which they intended to replace the Mozilla Suite. On April 3, 2003, the Mozilla Organization announced that they planned to change their focus from the Mozilla Suite to Firefox and Thunderbird. The Firefox project has undergone several name changes. Originally titled Phoenix, it was renamed because of trademark issues with Phoenix Technologies. The replacement name, Firebird, provoked an intense response from the Firebird free database software project. In response, the Mozilla Foundation stated that the browser should always bear the name Mozilla Firebird to avoid confusion with the database software. Continuing pressure from the database server's development community forced another change; on February 9, 2004, Mozilla Firebird became Mozilla Firefox, often referred to as simply Firefox. Mozilla prefers that Firefox be abbreviated as Fx or fx, though it is often abbreviated as FF. The Firefox project went through many versions before 1.0 was released on November 9, 2004. After a series of stability and security fixes, the Mozilla Foundation released its first major update, Firefox version 1.5, on November 29, 2005.

Browser Gecko Support Version Codename name version status

Release date

Significant changes



Pescadero September 23, 2002

First release; customizable toolbar, quicksearch, tabbed browsing.[69]



Santa Cruz October 1, 2002

Sidebar, extension management.



October 14, 2002

Image blocking, pop-up blocking whitelist.

0.4 1.3 0.5


October 19, 2002

Themes, pop-up blocking improvements, toolbar customization.


December 7, 2002

Multiple homepages, sidebar and accessibility improvements, history.

Mozilla Firebird 1.5



May 17, 2003

New default theme (Qute), bookmark and privacy improvements, smooth scrolling, automatic image resizing.



October 15, 2003

Automatic scrolling, password manager, preferences panel improvements.

Mozilla Firefox 1.6


Royal Oak February 9, 2004

Windows installer, offline working, bookmarks and download manager improvements, rebranded with new logo.

1.7 0.9 One Tree Hill June 15, 2004

New default theme (Winstripe), comprehensive data migration, new extension/theme manager, reduced download size, new help system, Linux installer, mail icon (Windows only).



November 9, 2004

Added new features such as RSS/Atom feed support, find toolbar, plugin finder. Reached its end of life on April 13, 2006 with the release of version 1.0.8. (support for older versions of

Firefox typically ends six months after a new major version is available).



Added support for SVG and canvas, UI adjustments and improvements in JavaScript Deer Park November 29, 2005 1.5 and CSS 2/3. Reached its end of life on May 30, 2007 with the release of Firefox

Mozilla Firefox 2 1.8.1 2.0 Bon Echo October 24, 2006

Added new features such as session restoration after a browser crash, search suggestion for Google and Yahoo!, new search plugin manager and add-on manager, web feed previewing, bookmark microsummaries and Google's anti-phishing protection. Winstripe theme refresh. Included support for JavaScript 1.7. Reached its end of life on December 18, 2008 with the release of Firefox

Mozilla Firefox 3

3.0 1.9

Gran Paradiso

June 17, 2008

Cairo used as a graphics backend. Cocoa Widgets included in OS X builds. APIs implemented from WHATWG specs. Changes to how DOM events are dispatched, how HTML object elements are loaded, and how web pages are rendered. New SVG elements and filters, and improved SVG specification compliance. Acid2 test compliant. New UI improvements, including default themes for different operating systems and new download manager. Introduction of Smart Location Bar(aka Awesome Bar). Windows 95, 98, ME, Mac OS X v10.3.9 and lower, and GTK+ 2.8 and lowerno longer supported. integration in the Add-ons window. Support for APNG files. Google's "malware protection".


January 5, 2010

Security and stability update. Predated by 3.0.1 to 3.0.16.

1.9.1 3.5 Shiretoko June 30, 2009

Web standards improvements in the Gecko layout engine. Text API for the <canvas> element. Support for using border images. Support for JavaScript query selectors. Several improvements to the Smart Location Bar. Private browsing mode. Google-based locationaware browsing (geolocation).


January 5, 2010

Security and stability update. Predated by 3.5.1

to 3.5.6.



Namoroka January 21, 2010

The TraceMonkey JavaScript engine has continued to get faster. Support for -mozbackground-size CSS property, CSS Gradients, and multiple background images. Notification of out-of-date plugins.





3.7 is focused on changes to the user interface. The browser will be given a home tab similar to those found in Internet Explorer 8 and Google Chrome. The preferences and add-ons manager windows will also be redesigned to better assist users. The Gecko layout engine will be improved to support more HTML5 and CSS3 features.

What is Mozilla Firefox Mozilla Firefox is a free and open source web browser descended from the Mozilla Application Suite and managed by Mozilla Corporation. A Net Applications statistic put Firefox at 24.41% of the recorded usage share of web browsers as of January 2010, making it the second most popular browser in terms of current use worldwide after Microsoft's Internet Explorer, and the most used browser independent of any one operating system. Other sources put Firefox's usage share at between 21% and 32% and generally trending upward. To display web pages, Firefox uses the Gecko layout engine, which implements most current web standards in addition to several features which are intended to anticipate likely additions to the standards. Latest Firefox features include tabbed browsing, spell checking, incremental find, live bookmarking, a download manager, private browsing, location-aware browsing (also known as "geolocation") based exclusively on a Google service and an integrated search system that uses Google by default in most localizations. Functions can be added through add-ons, created by third-party developers, of which there is a wide selection, a feature that has attracted many of Firefox's users. Firefox runs on various versions of Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, and many other Unix-like operating systems. Its current stable release is version 3.6, released on January 21, 2010. Firefox's source code is free software, released under a tri-license GNU GPL/GNU LGPL/MPL.

Features of Mozilla Firefox Performance

Smaller Memory Footprint Short and sweet, Firefox uses less of your computer’s memory while it’s running. -Memory Management With a new management function in place, Firefox keeps memory usage under control. The XPCOM cycle collector continuously cleans up unused memory. Plus, hundreds of memory leaks have been remedied. -Faster Page Load A redesigned page rendering and layout engine means you see Web pages faster— and in the way they were meant to be seen. -Color Profile Support Do you tweak your photos or Web designs to get the colors exactly right? Now Web pages and photos appear just the way they should, thanks to improvements to our graphics engine. Security & Privacy

-Instant Web Site ID Want to be extra sure about a site’s legitimacy before you make a purchase? Click on a site favicon for an instant identity overview. Another click digs deeper: how many times have you visited? Are your passwords saved? Check up on suspicious sites, avoid Web forgeries and make sure a site is what it claims to be. -Private Browsing Sometimes it’s nice to go undercover. When this feature is enabled, you won’t leave a single browsing fingerprint behind for others to discover. You can slip in and out of private browsing mode quickly, so it’s easy to return to what you were doing before as if

nothing ever happened. It’s great if you’re doing your online banking on a shared computer or checking email from an Internet café. Personalization

-Over 6,000 Ways to Customize The sky’s the limit with a growing library of over 6,000 Firefox add-ons, little extras you choose to download and install for a browser that works your way. Manage online auctions, upload digital photos, see the weather forecast in a glance and listen to music all from the convenience of your browser. If you’re not sure where to begin, try groups of add-ons assembled around common topics like travel, web development or social networking Intelligence

-Awesome Bar A quick way to get to the sites you love—even the ones with addresses you only vaguely remember. Type in term into location bar (aka the Awesome Bar) and the autocomplete function includes possible matching sites from your browsing history, as well as sites you’ve bookmarked and tagged in a drop down. For example, you could enter the tag: “investments” to find “”. The Awesome Bar learns as you use it—over time, it adapts to your preferences and offers better fitting matches. Since its initial release in Firefox 3.0 we’ve tweaked it to give you greater control over the results (including privacy settings) and increased performance so you find what you need even faster. Search

-Smart Keywords Search the Web in record time with smart keywords. With a few clicks you can assign keywords to search engines, and then simply enter your key and search words in the location bar. With this feature, typing “book home building” can search, and take you right to books about home building without ever pausing at the homepage. -Search Suggestions Start typing in the search bar and it will prompt you with a drop down of filled-in suggestions, plus you can use the search bar as a calculator, converter and more.

-Integrated Web Search Searching the Web is a breeze with the search box inline, just to the right of your location bar. Select the search engine of your choice and type what you want to find directly into the box. The width is adjustable so you can make it bigger if you need more space. -Hundreds of Search Engines Access your favorite search engines quickly from the integrated search bar. You can use a new engine for each search, or stick to your favorite. Choose from a preset dropdown list of engines or select “manage search engines” from the same list to browse search engine options offered as add-ons.

Get start with Firefox

First you need to check the requirement it needs before installing it to your computer. Windows Operating Systems Windows 2000 Windows XP Windows Server 2003 Windows Vista Windows 7 Minimum Hardware Pentium 233 MHz (Recommended: Pentium 500 MHz or greater) 64 MB RAM (Recommended: 128 MB RAM or greater) 52 MB hard drive space Mac Operating Systems Mac OS X 10.4 and later Minimum Hardware Macintosh computer with an Intel x86 or PowerPC G3, G4, or G5 processor 128 MB RAM (Recommended: 256 MB RAM or greater) 200 MB hard drive space Linux Software Requirements Please note that Linux distributors may provide packages for your distribution which have different requirements. Firefox will not run at all without the following libraries or packages: GTK+ 2.10 or higher GLib 2.12 or higher Pango 1.14 or higher X.Org 1.0 or higher For optimal functionality, we recommend the following libraries or packages: NetworkManager 0.7 or higher DBus 1.0 or higher HAL 0.5.8 or higher GNOME 2.16 or higher

Then you need to open the then download the program and follow these steps.

1. Start the process by clicking Run. Depending on your connection speed, the download may take up to a few minutes. Thanks for your patience… it’ll be worth the wait!

2. Click Run to launch the Mozilla Firefox setup wizard. Then, just follow the steps (we’ve made the process as painless as possible).

3. Now you’re ready to leap boldly into a new era of Web surfing. Double-click on the Firefox icon whenever you want to go online.

How to use Firefox? Private Browsing History is used by the browser to enhance your experience on the Internet. When the browser remembers a website you previously visited or the username and password for your favorite web site, this information is considered your history. However, there may be times when you do not want other users of your computer to see or access such information. For example, if a friend or family member shares your computer, you might prefer for them not to be able to see what websites you've visited or what files you've downloaded. Firefox 3.5 and later provide "Private Browsing," which allows you to browse the Internet without Firefox saving any data about which sites and pages you have visited. Enabling and disabling cookies Cookies are stored on your computer by websites you visit and contain information such as site preferences or login status. Cookie Settings Cookies are enabled by default in Firefox. To check your settings: 3.5/3.6: At the top of the Firefox windowOn the menu bar, click on the ToolsFirefoxEdit menu, and select Options...Preferences.... Select the Privacy panel. Set Firefox will: to Use custom settings for history.

Check mark Accept cookies from sites to enable Cookies, and uncheck it to disable them. If you are troubleshooting problems with cookies, make sure Accept third party cookies is also check marked. For more information, see Disabling third party cookies. Choose how long cookies are allowed to be stored: Keep until: they expire: Each cookie will be removed when it reaches its expiration date, which is set by the site that sent the cookie. Keep until: I close Firefox: The cookies that are stored on your computer will be removed when Firefox is closed. Keep until: ask me every time: Displays an alert every time a website tries to send that asks whether you want to store it. Click OK to close the Options windowClick Close to close the Preferences windowClose the Preferences window How to make Firefox the default browser 1. At the top of the Firefox window, click on the Tools menu, and select Options.... 2. Select the Advanced panel, then click the General tab, and then click Check Now.

3. Select Yes to set Firefox as your default browser. o If Firefox still isn't the default browser, see Setting Firefox as the default browser does not work.

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