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ANNA UNIVERSITY - COIMBATORE – 13

CURRICULUM - 2007
POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME
Branch: M.E. (POWER ELECTRONICS AND DRIVES)

SEMESTER – I (FULL- TIME)

Subject Hours/Week
Subject Name
Code L T P M
THEORY
07PE101 Applied Mathematics 3 1 0 100
07PE102 Modeling and Analysis of Electrical Machines 3 1 0 100
07PE103 Advanced Digital System Design 3 0 0 100
07PE104 Advanced Power Semiconductor Devices 3 0 0 100
07PE105 Analysis of Power Converters 3 0 0 100
07PEEXX Elective I 3 0 0 100
PRACTICALS
07PE106 Modeling & Simulation Laboratory 0 0 3 100
TOTAL 18 2 3 700

SEMESTER – II (FULL- TIME)

Subject Hours/Week
Subject Name
Code L T P M
THEORY
07PE201 Digital Signal Processors 3 1 0 100
07PE202 Advanced Solid State Drives 3 1 0 100
07PE203 Simulation of Power Electronic Systems 3 0 0 100
07PE204 Embedded Systems * 3 0 0 100
07PEEXX Elective II 3 0 0 100
07PEEXX Elective III 3 0 0 100
PRACTICALS
07PE205 Power Electronics & Drives Laboratory 0 0 3 100
TOTAL 18 2 3 700
* Common to Power Electronics and Drives & Applied Electronics

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LIST OF ELECTIVES

For SEMESTER – I (ELECTIVE – I)

Subject Hours/Week
Subject Name
Code L T P M
THEORY
07PEE01 High Voltage Direct Current Transmission 3 0 0 100
07PEE02 Non Conventional Energy Systems 3 0 0 100
07PEE03 Special Electrical Machines 3 0 0 100

LIST OF ELECTIVES

For SEMESTER – II (ELECTIVE – II and ELECTIVE – III)

Subject Hours/Week
Subject Name
Code L T P M
THEORY
07PEE04 Computational Intelligent Techniques 3 0 0 100
07PEE05 Power Quality Engineering 3 0 0 100
07PEE06 Flexible AC Transmission Systems 3 0 0 100
07PEE07 Computer Communication and Networks 3 0 0 100
07PEE08 Project Management 3 0 0 100
07PEE09 Advances in Power Electronics 3 0 0 100

2
SEMESTER - I
L T P M
07PE101 APPLIED MATHEMATICS
3 1 0 100
(Common to Applied Electronics, Power Electronics & Drives and Power System Engineering)

UNIT - I CALCULUS OF VARIATION (12)


Functional – Euler’s equation – Variational problems involving one unknown function
– Several unknown functions – Functionals dependent on higher order derivatives –
Several independent variables – Isoperimetric problems.

UNIT - II Z – TRANSFORM (12)


Transform of standard functions – Convolution – Initial and Final value problems –
Shifting Theorem – Inverse transform (Using Partial Fraction – Residues) – Solution
of difference Equations using Z – Transform.

UNIT - III RANDOM PROCESSES (12)


Classification – Auto correlation – Cross correlation – Ergodicity – Power spectral
density function – Poisson processes.

UNIT - IV LINEAR PROGRAMMING (12)


Simplex algorithm – Two-phase and Big–M method – Duality theory – Dual simplex
method -Transportation and Assignment problems.
UNIT - V NON - LINEAR PROGRAMMING (12)
Formulation of non–linear programming problem – Constrained optimization with
equality constraints – Constrained optimization with inequality constraints – Saddle
point problem – Graphical method of non–linear programming problem involving only
two variables – Kuhn-tucker conditions with non-negative constraints – Wolfe’s
modified simplex method.
Lecture 45 Tutorial 15 Total 60
Reference Books
1 M.K.Venkataraman , “Higher Mathematics for Engineering & Science”, National
Publishing Company,2000
2 Kandasamy, “Engineering Mathematics Volume – II”, S.Chand & Co., 2001.
3 P.K.Gupta , D.S.Hira, ”Operations Research”, S.Chand &Co ., 1999
4 T.Veerarajan,”Probability, Statistics & Random Processes”, Tata McGraw Hill.,
2002.

3
L T P M
07PE102 MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICAL MACHINES
3 1 0 100

UNIT - I MODELING OF DC MACHINES (12)


Equivalent circuit and Electro magnetic torque-Electromechanical modeling-Field
excitation: separate, shunt, series and compound excitation-commutator action.
Effect of armature mmf-Analytical fundamentals: Electric circuit aspects-magnetic
circuit aspects-inter poles.

UNIT - II DYNAMIC MODELING OF INDUCTION MACHINES (12)


Equivalent circuits- steady state performance equations-Dynamic modeling of
induction machines: Real time model of a two phase induction machines, Three
phase to two phase transformation-Electromagnetic torque-generalized model in
arbitrary reference frames-stator reference frames model-rotor reference frames
model-synchronously rotating reference frame model.

UNIT - III PHASE CONTROLLED AND FREQUENCY CONTROLLED (12)


INDUCTION MACHINES
Stator voltage control: Steady state analysis-approximate analysis-slip power
recovery scheme: principle of operation-steady state analysis range of slip
equivalent circuit-performance-static scherbius drive. Constant Volts/Hz controls
implementation-steady state performance-dynamic simulation. PWM Voltages:
Generation-machine model-steady state performance.

UNIT - IV VECTOR CONTROLLED INDUCTION MACHINES (12)


Principle of vector control-direct vector control: flux and torque processor-DVC in
stator reference frames with space vector modulation. Indirect vector control
scheme: Derivation and implementation. Flux weakening operation: principle-flux
weakening in stator flux linkage and rotor flux linkage.
UNIT - V SPECIAL MACHINES (12)
Permanent magnet and characteristics-synchronous machines with PMs: Machine
configuration-flux density distribution-types of PMSM-Variable Reluctance Machines:
Basics-analysis-practical configuration-circuit wave forms for torque production-
stepping motors..
Lecture 45 Tutorial 15 Total 60
Reference Books
1 R.Krishnan.”Electric motor & Drives: Modeling, Analysis and Control”, Prentice
Hall of India, 2001.
2 Charles kingsley, Jr., A.E.Fityzgerald, Stephen D.Umans “Electric Machinery”,
Tata McGraw Hill, Sixth Edition, 2002.
3 Miller, T.J.E.”Brushless permanent magnet and reluctance motor drives”,
Oxford, 2005.
4 C.V.Jones, ”The Unified Theory of ElectricalMachines:,Butterworth,London,1967
P.S.Bhimbra, ”Generalised theory of electrical machines”, Khanna Publishers

5 P.S.Bhimbra,”Generalised theory of electrical machines”, Khanna Publishers, 4th


Edition, 1993.

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L T P M
07PE103 ADVANCED DIGITAL SYSTEM DESIGN
3 0 0 100
(Common to Applied Electronics, Power Electronics & Drives )

UNIT - I SEQUENTIAL LOGIC OPTIMIZATION (9)


Sequential Circuit Optimization Using State Based Models, Sequential Circuit
Optimization Using Network Models, Implicit Finite State machine Traversal
Methods, Testability Considerations for Synchronous Circuits.

UNIT - II ASYNCHRONOUS FINITE STATE MACHINES (9)


Scope, Asynchronous Analysis, Design of Asynchronous Machines, Cycle and
Races, Plotting and Reading the Excitation Map, Hazards, Essential Hazards Map
Entered Variable, MEV Approaches to Asynchronous Design, Hazards in Circuit
Developed by MEV Method.

UNIT - III DIGITAL SYSTEM TESTING (9)


Fault Models, Fault Equivalence, Fault Location, Fault Dominance, Single and
Multiple Stack Faults, Testing for Single Stack Faults, Algorithms, Random test
Generation, Adhoc Design for Testability Techniques, Classical Scan Designs,
Boundary Scan Standards, Built-In-Self-Test, Test Pattern Generation, BIST
Architecture examples.

UNIT - IV HIGH SPEED DIGITAL DESIGN (9)


Frequency, Time and Distance, Capacitance and Inductance Effects, High Speed
Properties of Logical Gates, Speed And Power, Measurement Techniques, Rise
Time and Bandwidth of Oscilloscope probes, Self Inductance , Signal pickup and
loading effects of probes, clock distribution, clock skew and methods to reduce skew,
Controlling crosstalk on clock lines, Delay adjustments, Clock oscillators and clock
jitter.
UNIT - V SYSTEM DESIGN USING VHDL (9)
Specification of combinational systems using VHDL, Basic language element of
VHDL, Types of Modeling, Design of serial adder with accumulator, State graph for
Control network, Design of Binary Multiplier and Binary Divider, Flip-Flops,
Registers, Counters, Sequential Machines, Combinational Logic Circuits.
Total 45
Reference Books
1 Fletcher .An Engineering Approach to Digital Design, PHI 2004.
2 Parag K Lala ,Digital Circuit Testing And Testability, Academic 1997.
3 Miron Abramovici et. al , Digital System Testing And Testable Design, Jaico
Publishing House 2001.
4 Howard Johnson and Martin Graham, High Speed Digital Design : Handbook of
Black Magic, PHI PTR.
5 Masakazu Shoji, High Speed Digital Circuits, Addison Wesley Publishing Co.
6 J.Bhaskar, A VHDL Primer, Addison Wesley 1999.
7 C.H.Roth, Digital System using VHDL, PWS Publishing.
8 Z.Navabi, VHDL-Analysis And Modeling of Digital Systems, MGH.

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L T P M
07PE104 ADVANCED POWER SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES
3 0 0 100

UNIT - I INTRODUCTION (9)


Power switching devices overview – Attributes of an ideal switch, application
requirements, circuit symbols – Power handling capability – (SOA); Device selection
strategy – On-state and switching losses – EMI due to switching – Power diodes –
Types, forward and reverse characteristics, switching characteristics – rating

UNIT - II CURRENT CONTROLLED DEVICES (9)


BJTs – Construction, static characteristics, switching characteristics- Negative
temperature coefficient and secondary breakdown – Power Darlington – Thyristors –
Physical and electrical principle underlying operating mode – Two transistor analogy
– Effect of α and ico on ia – concept of latching – Gate and switching characteristics –
Converter grade and inverter grade and other types; series and parallel operation –
Comparison of BJT and Thyristor – Steady state and dynamic models of BJT and
Thyristor.

UNIT - III VOLTAGE CONTROLLED DEVICES (9)


Power MOSFETs and IGBTs – Principle of voltage controlled devices, construction,
types, static and switching characteristics – Steady state and dynamic models of
MOSFET and IGBTs; Basics of GTO, MCT, FCT, RCT and IGCT.

UNIT - IV FIRING AND PROTECTING CIRCUITS (9)


Necessity of isolation – pulse transformer – opto-coupler; Gate drive circuit for SCR,
MOSFET, IGBTs and base driving for power BJT – overvoltage, over current and
gate protections, Design of snubbers
UNIT - V THERMAL PROTECTION (9)
Heat transfer – conduction, convection and radiation – Cooling – liquid cooling,
vapour – phase cooling; Guidance for heat sink selection – Thermal resistance and
impedance – Electrical analogy of thermal components, heat sink types and design –
Mounting types.
Total 45
Reference Books
1 B.W. Williams, “Power Electronics – Devices, Drivers, Applications and passive
components”, Macmillan, (2/e), 1992.
2 Rashid M.H., “Power Electronics circuits, Devices and Applications”, Prentice
Hall India, Third Edition, Newdelhi, 2004.
3 M.D. Singh and K.B.Khanchandani, “Power Electronics”, Tata McGraw Hill,
2001.
4 Mohan, Undeland and Robins, “Power Electronics – Concepts, applications and
design”, John Wiley and sons, Singapore, 2000.

6
L T P M
07PE105 ANALYSIS OF POWER CONVERTERS
3 0 0 100

UNIT - I ANALYSIS OF SWITCHED CIRCUITS (9)


Ideal models of power switches – analysis of the thyristor controlled half wave
rectifier – R, L, RL, RC load circuits – load circuit with electromotive force – thyristor
specifications – heat sink calculations – Surge currents – limitation on di/dt, dv/dt,
classification and analysis of commutation.

UNIT - II CONTROLLED RECTIFIERS (9)


Continuous and discontinuous modes of single phase half wave and full wave
rectifiers – half controlled configurations – RL circuit with electromotive force for
continuous and discontinuous operation. Effect of transformer leakage reactance –
operating domains of three phase full converters and semi converters.

UNIT - III DC-DC SWITCH MODE CONVERTERS (9)


DC-DC converter systems – control of DC-DC converters, Buck converters –
Continuous and discontinuous modes – Boost converters – continuous and
discontinuous modes – Buck boost converters – continuous and discontinuous and
discontinuous modes. Cuck converters – continuous and discontinuous models –
DC-DC converter comparison; ZVS and ZCS resonant converters.

UNIT - IV CHOPPERS (9)


Classification of DC chopper circuits – analysis of type A chopper and type B
chopper – voltage, current and load commutation of choppers – step up chopper –
pulse width modulated AC choppers – Current topologies and Harmonic elimination
methods.
UNIT - V INVERTERS (9)
Characteristics – output voltage and waveform control – bridge inverters – single
phase and three phase versions – MOSFET, IGBT inverters analysis and design;
Current source inverters – Concepts of multilevel inverters.
Total 45
Reference Books
1 Dewan, S.B. and Straugher A., “Power Semiconductor Circuits”, John Wiley and
sons, 1975.
2 Dubey G.K., Doralda S.R., Joshi A., and sinha R.M.K., “Thyristorised power
controllers”, Wiley Eastern Limited, 1986.
3 Rashid M.H., “Power Electronics Circuits, Devices and Applications”, PHI, (3/e),
2004.
4 Sen P.C., “Thyristor DC Drives”, John Wiley and sons. 1981.
5 Ned Mohan, Undeland and Robbins, “Power Electronics: concepts, applications
and design”, John wiley and sons, Singapore,2000.
6 Bimal K. Bose, “Modern Power Electronics and AC Drives”, Pearson (2/e), 2003.

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PRACTICALS

07PE106 MODELING & SIMULATION LABORATORY L T P M


(Any 10 Experiments) 0 0 3 100

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1 Modeling of simple PN Junction diode.


2 Modeling of Silicon Controlled Rectifier.
3 Modeling of MOSFET / IGBT / BJT
4 Simulation of Single phase Semi converter
a) R Load.
b) RL load.
c) RLE (Motor) Load
5 Simulation of Single phase Fully controlled converter.
a) R Load.
b) RL load.
c) RLE (Motor) Load
6 Simulation of Single phase Dual converter.
7 Simulation of Three phase semi converter.
8 Simulation of Three phase fully controlled converter
9 Simulation of Single phase full bridge Inverter
10 Simulation of Three phase full bridge inverter.
a) 180 degree mode operation
b) 120 degree mode operation
11 Simulation of PWM inverters
a) Sinusoidal PWM
b) Square PWM
12 Simulation of Three phase AC Voltage Controller.
a) Lamp load
b) Motor load

Total 45

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SEMESTER - II
L T P M
07PE201 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSORS
3 1 0 100

UNIT - I INTRODUCTION (12)


Need and benefits of Digital Signal Processing – Typical signal processing
operations: Convolution, correlation. Filtering, transformation and modulation -
Algorithms for signal processing – Basic architecture of DSPs’ - Fundamentals of
fixed point DSP architecture – Fixed point number representation and computation –
Fundamentals of floating point DSP architecture – floating point number
representation and computation.

UNIT - II TEXAS PROCESSORS (12)


Study of TMS 320 C 5X processor - Architecture – Addressing modes – Instruction
set – Programming.

UNIT - III PERIPHERALS and INTERFACES OF DSP (12)


Peripherals interface - Digital and analog Interface – Host interface – Memory
interface – DMA ports – Serial ports – Applications.

UNIT - IV COMMERCIAL DSP DEVICES (12)


TMS C240 processor and ADSP 2181 processor- Architecture – Addressing modes
– program control – Instruction and programming – simple programs - Special
features – PWM generation.

UNIT - V MOTOR CONTROL APPLICATIONS (12)


Controller implementation using TMS 320 F 2407 and TMS 320 F 2812 for AC and
DC motor speed control.
Lecture 45 Tutorial 15 Total 60
Reference Books
1 Sanjit K Mitra, “Digital Signals Processing: A Computer based approach,” Tata
McGraw Hill, Second edition, 2004.
2 Avatar Singh and S.Srinivasan, “Digital Signal Processing: Implementation using
DSP microprocessors with examples from TMS 320C54XX, Thompson
Brooks/Cole, 2004
3 K.Padmanabhan et al. “A Practical approach to Digital Signal Processing”, New
Age Publications, 2001.
4 B. Venkataramani et al. “Digital Signal Processor – Architecture, Programming
and Applications” , TMH, New Delhi 2002.
5 TMS320F/C24\x DSP controllers, Reference Guide-Literature No: SPRU160C ,
June 1994

9
L T P M
07PE202 ADVANCED SOLID STATE DRIVES
3 1 0 100

UNIT - I MOTORS FUNDAMENTALS AND MECHANICAL SYSTEMS (12)


DC motor - Types, induced emf, speed-torque relations; Speed control – Armature
and field control; Ward Leonard control – Constant torque and constant horse power
operations. Review of Induction Motor operation – Equivalent circuit – Performance
of the machine with variable voltage, rotor resistance variation, pole changing and
cascaded induction machines, slip power recovery – Static Kramer Drive.
Synchronous, Brushless DC and Switched Reluctance Drives.

UNIT - II CONVERTER AND CHOPPER CONTROL (12)


Principle of phase control – Series and separately excited DC motor with single
phase and three phase converters – waveforms, performance parameters,
performance characteristics - Operation with free wheeling diode schemes; Drive
employing dual converter. Introduction to time ratio control and frequency
modulation; Class A, B, C, D and E chopper controlled DC motor – performance
analysis, multi-quadrant control.

UNIT - III VSI AND CSI FED INDUCTION MOTOR CONTROL (12)
AC voltage controller fed induction machine operation – Energy conservation issues
– V/f operation theory – requirement for slip and stator voltage compensation. CSI
fed induction machine – Operation and characteristics - PWM controls.

UNIT - IV FIELD ORIENTED CONTROL (12)


Field oriented control of induction machines – Theory – DC drive analogy – Direct or
Feed back vector control - Indirect or Feed forward vector control – Flux vector
estimation - Space Vector Modulation control.
UNIT - V DIRECT TORQUE CONTROL (12)
Direct torque control of Induction Machines – Torque expression with stator and rotor
fluxes, DTC control strategy – optimum switching vector selection – reduction of
torque ripple methods.
Lecture 45 Tutorial 15 Total 60
Reference Books

1 Gopal K Dubey, “Power Semiconductor controlled Drives”, Prentice Hall Inc.,


New Yersy, 1989.
2 Vedam Subramanyam, “Electric Drives – Concepts and Applications”, Tata
McGraw Hill, 200.
3 Bimal K Bose, “Modern Power Electronics and AC Drives” , Pearson Education
Asia 2002.
4 R.Krishnan, “Electric Motor Drives – Modeling, Analysis and Control”, Prentice-
Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2003.
5 Austin Hughes, “Electric Motors and Drives – Fundamentals, Types and
Applications”, Elsevier – a division of Reed Elsevier India private Limited,
NewDelhi, 2006.

10
07PE203 SIMULATION OF POWER ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS L T P M
3 0 0 100

UNIT - I INTRODUCTION (9)

Need for Simulation - Challenges in simulation - Classification of simulation


programs - Overview of PSPICE, MATLAB and SIMULINK.
Mathematical Modeling of Power Electronic Systems: Static and dynamic models of
power electronic switches - Static and dynamic equations and state-space
representation of power electronic systems.

UNIT - II PSPICE (9)


File formats - Description of circuit elements - Circuit description – Output variables -
Dot commands - SPICE models of Diode, Thyristor, Triac, BJT, Power MOSFET,
IGBT and MCT.
UNIT - III MATLAB and SIMULINK (9)
Toolboxes of MATLAB - Programming and file processing in MATLAB - Model
definition and model analysis using SIMULINK - S-Functions - Converting S-
Functions to blocks.

UNIT - IV SIMULATION USING PSPICE, MATLAB and SIMULINK (9)


Diode rectifiers -Controlled rectifiers - AC voltage controllers - DC choppers - PWM
inverters – Voltage source and current source inverters - Resonant pulse inverters -
Zero current switching and zero voltage switching inverters.
UNIT - V SIMULATION OF DRIVES (9)
Simulation of speed control schemes for DC motors – Rectifier fed DC motors –
Chopper fed DC motors – VSI and CSI fed AC motors – PWM Inverter – DC link
inverter.
Reference Books Total 45

1 Ramshaw. E., Schuuram D. C., “PSpice Simulation of Power Electronics Circuits


– An Introductory Guide”, Springer, New York, 1996.
2 Chee-Mun Ong, "Dynamic Simulation of Electric Machinery : Using MATLAB/
Simulink", Prentice Hall PTR, New Jersey, 1998.
3 Ned Mohan, "Power Electronics: Computer Simulation Analysis and Education
using PSPICE", Minnesota Power Electronics Research and Education, USA,
1992.
4 Bimal K Bose, "Power Electronics and Variable Frequency Drives", IEEE Press,
New Jersey, 1996.
5 "The PSpice User's Guide", Microsim Corporation, California, 1996.

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07PE204 EMBEDDED SYSTEMS L T P M
(Common to Applied Electronics and Power Electronics & Drives) 3 0 0 100

UNIT - I PIC MICROCONTROLLER 16F87X (9)

Architecture - Features – Resets –Memory Organisations : Program Memory, Data


Memory – Instruction Set – simple programs. Interrupts –I/O Ports –Timers- CCP
Modules- Master Synchronous serial Port(MSSP)- USART –ADC- I2C

UNIT - II EMBEDDED PROCESSORS (9)


ARM processor- processor and memory organization, Data operations, Flow of
Control, CPU Bus configuration, ARM Bus, Memory devices, Input/output devices,
Component interfacing, designing with microprocessor development and debugging,
Design Example : Alarm Clock.
UNIT - III EMBEDDED PROGRAMMING (9)
Programming in Assembly Language(ALP) Vs High level language – C program
elements, Macros and Functions – Use of pointers – NULL pointers – use of function
calls – multiple function calls in a cyclic order in the main function pointers – Function
queues and interrupt service Routines queues pointers – Concepts of Embedded
programming in C++ - Object oriented programming – Embedded programming in
C++, C program compilers – Cross compiler – optimization of memory codes.

UNIT - IV EMBEDDED SYSTEM CO-DESIGN (9)


Embedded System project management – Embedded system design and Co-Design
Issues in System Development process – Design cycle in the development phase for
an embedded system – Uses of Target system or its emulator and In-Circuit
Emulator – Use of software Tools for Development of an embedded system – Use of
scopes and logic analyzers for system hardware tests – Issues in Embedded System
Design
UNIT - V REAL-TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS (9)
Operating system services –I/O subsystems – Network operating systems –Interrupt
Routines in RTOS Environment – RTOS Task scheduling models, Interrupt –
Performance Metric in Scheduling Models – IEEE standard POSIX functions for
standardization of RTOS and inter-task communication functions – List of Basic
functions in a Preemptive scheduler – Fifteen point strategy for synchronization
between processors, ISRs, OS Functions and Tasks – OS security issues- Mobile
OS
Reference Books Total 45

1 Raj Kamal , Embedded Systems Architecture, Programming and Design, Tata


McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2003
2 Wayne Wolf, Computers as Components: Principles of Embedded Computing
System Design, Morgan Kaufman Publishers, 2001.
3 Frank Vahid and Tony Givargi Embedded System Design: A Unified
Hardware/Software Introduction, s, John Wiley & Sons, 2000.
4 John B Peatman, Design with PIC Microcontrollers, Prentice Hall of India, 2007
5 Ajay V Deshmukh, Microcontroller Theory and Applications, Tata McGraw
Hill,2007

12
PRACTICALS

07PE205 POWER ELECTRONICS AND DRIVES LABORATORY

(Any 10 Experiments) L T P M
0 0 3 100

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1 Analysis of Dual Converter Fed DC Motor Drive

2 Chopper Fed DC Drive

3 DSP controlled AC drive

4 Performance study of Stator Voltage Controlled Induction Motor Drive

5 Analysis of Vector Controlled Induction Motor Drive

6 Harmonic Analysis of Converter Fed Drive

7 IGBT Based Three Phase PWM Inverter

8 IGBT Based Three Phase SVPWM Inverter

9 Simulation of Power Electronic Systems using PSpice

10 Modeling and Simulation of Electric Drives using MATLAB

Total 45

13
LIST OF ELECTIVES
For SEMESTER – I (ELECTIVE – I) (07PEE01 -07PEE03)
LT P M
07PEE01 HIGH VOLTAGE DIRECT CURRENT TRANSMISSION
3 0 0 100
(Common to Power Electronics & Drives and Power System Engineering)

UNIT - I GENERAL ASPECTS (9)


Historical development of HVAC and DC links – kinds of DC links-HVDC projects in
India and abroad – advantages and disadvantages of HVDC transmission -
Applications of DC transmission – economic factors – development of power devices
for HVDC transmission – thyristors – light activated thyristors – MOS controlled
thyristors (MCTs) –Switching and steady state characteristics–Cooling of Thyristors
Problem.
UNIT - II THYRISTOR CONVERTERS (9)
Three phase fully controlled thyristor bridge converters – operation as rectifiers and
line commutated inverters – converter equivalent circuits – parameters and
characteristics of rectifiers and inverters – series and parallel arrangement of
thyristors – multibridge converters.
UNIT - III CONTROL OF CONVERTERS AND REACTIVE POWER CONTROL (9)
Gate control – basic means of control and modes of operation – power reversal –
desired features of control – control characteristics – constant current control –
constant extinction angle control – stability of control – tap changer control – power
control and current limits. Reactive Power Requirements – Reactive Power Control
during Steady State and Transients
UNIT - IV PROTECTION OF HVDC SYSTEMS, HARMONICS, FILTERS (9)
AND GROUND RETURN
Basics of protection of HVDC systems – DC reactors – voltage and current
oscillations – DC line oscillations – clearing line faults and re-energizing the line –
circuit breakers – over voltage protection -Characteristics and uncharacteristic
harmonics – troubles caused by harmonics – means of reducing harmonics ––
harmonic filters – Corona and Radio interference- ground return and ground
Electrodes
UNIT - V SIMULATION OF HVDC SYSTEMS (9)
Introduction – System Simulation: Philosophy and Tools – HVDC System Simulation
– Modeling of HVDC Systems for Digital Dynamic Simulation – Digital Dynamic
Simulation of Converters and DC Systems
Reference Books Total 45
1 Kimbark E.X., “Direct Current Transmission”, Vol. I, Wiley Interscience, New
York 1971
2 Allan Greenwood, ‘Electrical Transients in Power Systems’, John Wiley and
Sons New York, 1992
3 Kory(ed) B. J., “ High Voltage Direct Current Converters and Systems”.
Macdonald & Co, London 1995
4 Adamson and Hingorani N.G., “High Voltage Direct Current Power
Transmission”, Garraway ltd., England, 1960.

14
LT P M
07PEE02 NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES
3 0 0 100
(Common to Power Electronics & Drives and Power System Engineering)
UNIT - I SOLAR ENERGY (9)
Introduction to solar energy: solar radiation, availability, measurement and estimation
– Solar thermal conversion devices and storage – solar cells and photovoltaic
conversion – PV systems – MPPT. Applications of PV Systems – solar energy
collectors ands storages.
UNIT - II WIND ENERGY (9)
Introduction – Basic principles of wind energy conversion – wind data and energy
estimation – site selection consideration – basic components of wind energy
conversion system –Types of wind machines – basic components of wind electric
conversion systems. Schemes for electric generations – generator control, load
control, energy storage – applications of wind energy – Inter connected systems.
UNIT - III CHEMICAL ENERGY SOURCES (9)
Introduction – fuel cells – design and principles of operation of a fuel cell –
classification of fuel cells. Types of fuel cells – conversion efficiency of fuel cells.
Types of electrodes, work output and emf of fuel cell, Applications of fuel cells.
Hydrogen energy: Introduction – hydrogen production – electrolysis, thermo-
chemical methods, Westing House Electro-chemical thermal sulphur cycle. Fossil
fuel methods. Hydrogen storage, Utilization of hydrogen gas.
UNIT - IV ENERGY FROM OCEANS (9)
Introduction, ocean thermal electric conversion (OTEC), methods of ocean thermal
electric power generation, open cycle OTEC system, closed OTEC cycle.
Energy from tides: Basic principles of tidal power, component of tidal power plants,
operation methods of utilization of tidal energy, site requirements, storage,
advantages and limitations of tidal power generation. Ocean waves, energy and
power from the waves, wave energy conversion devices.
UNIT - V GEOTHERMAL ENERGY (9)
Introduction, estimation of geothermal power, nature of geothermal fields,
geothermal sources, inter connection of geothermal fossil systems, prime movers for
geo thermal energy conversion. Application of geothermal energy.
Energy from biomass: Introduction, Biomass conversion technologies,
photosynthesis, classification of biogas plants. Biomass Energy conversion, Energy
from waste.
Reference Books Total 45
1 SP Sukatme, “Solar Energy – Principles of thermal collection and storage,
second edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 1991.
2 GD Rai, “Non Conventional Energy Sources”.
3 J.A. Duffie and W.A. Beckman, “Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes”,
Second Edition, John Wiley, New York, 1991.
4 D.Y. Goswami, F. Kreith and J.F. Kreider, “Principles of Solar Engineering,
Taylor and Francis, Philadelphia, 2000.
5 D.D. Hall and R.P. Grover, “Bio-Mass Regenerable Energy, John Wiley,
Newyork, 1987.
6 J. Twidell and T. Weir, “ Renewable Energy Resources”, E&FN Spon Ltd.,
London, 1986.
15
LT P M
07PEE03 SPECIAL ELECTRICAL MACHINES
3 0 0 100
(Common to Power Electronics & Drives and Power System Engineering)

UNIT - I STEPPING MOTOR (9)

Constructional features - Principle of operation-Modes of excitation-Torque


production in Variable Reluctance (VR) stepping motor – Dynamic characteristics-
Drive systems and circuit for open loop control - Closed loop control of stepping
motor – Application.

UNIT - II SWITCHED RELUCTANCE MOTOR AND LINEAR INDUCTION (9)


MOTOR

Constructional features – Principle of operation – Torque equation – Power


controllers – Characteristics and control – Magnetic Levitation - Linear Induction
Motor-Applications.

UNIT - III PERMANENT MAGNET DC MOTOR (9)

Principles of PMDC motor – Fundamentals of permanent magnets – Kinds of


permanent magnets – Structure of field system – Armature structure – Brushes and
commutator - Moving coil motors: classification – Types – Characteristics – Disc
motors.

UNIT - IV PERMANENT MAGNET BRUSHLESS DC MOTOR (9)

Commutation in DC motors – Difference between mechanical and electronic


commutators - Hall sensors – Optical sensors – Multiphase brushless motor –
Square wave permanent magnet brushless motor drives – Torque and EMF equation
– Torque-Speed characteristics – Controllers.

UNIT - V PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR (9)

Principle of operation – EMF, power input and torque expressions – Phasor diagram
– Vector control – Control strategies – Flux weakening operation – Speed controller
design - Sensorless control.

Total 45
Reference Books

1 Miller, T.J.E. “Brushless Permanent Magnet and Reluctance Motor Drives”,


Clarendon Press, Oxford 1989.
2 Kenjo.T and Naganori S. “Permanent Magnet and Brushless DC Motors”,
Clarendon Press, Oxford 1989.
3 Kenjo.T, “Stepping Motors and their Microprocessor Control “, Clarendon Press,
Oxford 1989.
4 Krishnan. R, “Electric Motor Drives” Pearson Prentice Hall, India, 2007.

5 Laithwaite, Induction Machines for special purposes

16
LIST OF ELECTIVES

For SEMESTER – I (ELECTIVE – II and ELECTIVE - III) (07PEE04 -07PEE09)

07PEE04 COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENT TECHNIQUES L T P M


3 0 0 100

UNIT - I FUZZY LOGIC (10)

Introduction to Neuro – Fuzzy and soft Computing – Fuzzy Sets – Basic Definition
and Terminology – Set-theoretic operations – Member Function Formulation and
parameterization – Fuzzy Rules and Fuzzy Reasoning - Extension principle and
Fuzzy Relations – Fuzzy If-Then Rules – Fuzzy Reasoning – Fuzzy Inference
Systems – Mamdani Fuzzy Models-Sugeno Fuzzy Models – Tsukamoto Fuzzy
Models – Input Space Partitioning and Fuzzy Modeling.

UNIT - II GENETIC ALGORITHM (8)


Derivative-based Optimization – Descent Methods – The Method of steepest
Descent – Classical Newton’s Method – Step Size Determination – Derivative-free
Optimization – Genetic Algorithms – Simulated Annealing – Random Search –
Downhill Simplex Search.

UNIT - III NEURAL NETWORKS (10)


Introduction -Supervised Learning Neural Networks – Perceptrons - Adaline – Back
propagation Multilayer perceptrons – Radial Basis Function Networks –
Unsupervised Learning and Other Neural Networks – Competitive Learning
Networks – Kohonen Self – Organizing Networks – Learning Vector Quantization –
Hebbian Learning.

UNIT - IV NEURO FUZZY MODELING (9)


Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems – Architecture – Hybrid Learning Algorithm
– learning Methods that Cross-fertilize ANFIS and RBFN – Coactive Neuro-Fuzzy
Modeling – Framework – Neuron Functions for Adaptive Networks – Neuro Fuzzy
Spectrum.
UNIT - V APPLICATIONS (8)
Printed Character Recognition – Inverse Kinematics Problems – Automobile Fuel
Efficiency prediction – Soft Computing for Color Recipe Prediction – Introduction to
power system and electronics applications (Qualitative treatment only)
Reference Books Total 45
1 J.S.R.Jang, C.T.Sun and E.Mizutani, “Neuro-Fuzzy and Soft Computing”, PHI,
Pearson Education 2004.
2 Davis E.Goldberg,”Genetic Algorithms : Search, Optimization and Machine
Learning” Addison Wesley, N.Y.,1989.
3 S.Rajasekaran and G.A.V.Pai,”Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic and Genetic
Algorithms”,PHI, 2003.
4 R.Eberhart, P.simpson and R.Dobbins,” Computational Intelligence” PC Tools”,
AP Professional, Boston 1996.

17
07PEE05 POWER QUALITY ENGINEERING L T P M
3 0 0 100
UNIT - I INTRODUCTION (6)
Definitions – Power quality, Voltage quality – Power quality issues : Short duration voltage
variations, Long duration voltage variations, Transients, Waveform distortion, Voltage
imbalance, Voltage fluctuation, Power frequency variations, low power factor – Sources and
Effects of power quality problems – Power quality terms – Power quality and Electro
Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) Standards.

UNIT - II SHORT INTERRUPTIONS & LONG INTERRUPTIONS (10)


Introduction – Origin of short interruptions : Voltage magnitude events due to re-closing,
Voltage during the interruption – Monitoring of short interruptions –Influence on induction
motors, Synchronous motors, Adjustable speed drives, Electronic equipments – Single
phase tripping : Voltage during fault and post fault period, Current during fault period –
Prediction of short Interruptions.
Definition – Failure, Outage, Interruption – Origin of interruptions – Causes of long
interruptions – Principles of regulating the voltage – Voltage regulating devices, Applications
: Utility side, End-User side –Reliability evaluation – Cost of interruptions.

UNIT - III VOLTAGE SAG & TRANSIENTS (10)


Introduction – Definition – Magnitude, Duration – Causes of Voltage Sag – Three Phase
Unbalance – Phase angle jumps – Load influence on voltage sags on Adjustable speed
drives, Power electronics loads, Sensitive loads - Stochastic assessment of voltage sags -
Overview of mitigation methods. Definition – Power system transient model – Principles of
over voltage protection - Types and causes of transients – Devices for over voltage
protection - Capacitor switching transients –Lightning transients – Transients from load
switching.

UNIT - IV WAVEFORM DISTORTION, WIRING AND GROUNDING (10)


Introduction – Definition and terms – Harmonics, Harmonics indices, Inter harmonics,
Notching – Voltage Vs Current distortion – Harmonics Vs Transients – Sources and effects
of harmonic distortion – System response characteristics – Principles of controlling
harmonics – Standards and limitation - Definitions and terms – Reasons for grounding –
National Electrical Code (NEC) grounding requirements – Utility Power system grounding –
End-User power system grounding – Wiring and grounding problems.
UNIT - V POWER QUALITY SOLUTIONS (9)
Introduction – Power quality monitoring : Need for power quality monitoring, Evolution of
power quality monitoring, Deregulation effect on power quality monitoring – Power factor
improvement – Brief introduction to power quality measurement equipments and power
conditioning equipments – Planning, Conducting and Analyzing power quality survey –
Mitigation and control techniques - Active Filters for Harmonic Reduction
Reference Books Total 45
1 Roger C. Dugan, Mark F. McGranaghan and H.Wayne Beaty, "Electrical Power
Systems Quality", McGraw-Hill, New York, 2nd Edition, 2002.
2 Barry W.Kennedy, “Power Quality Primer”, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2000.
3 Sankaran.C, "Power Quality", CRC Press, Washington, D.C., 2002
4 Math H.J.Bollen, "Understanding Power Quality Problems: Voltage Sags and
Interruptions", IEEE Press, New York, 2000.
5 Arrillaga.J, Watson.N.R and Chen.S, "Power System Quality Assessment", John Wiley
& Sons Ltd., England, 2000
6 Short.T.A., “Distribution Reliability and Power Quality”, CRC Press Taylor and Francis
Group, 2006.

18
07PEE06 FLEXIBLE AC TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS L T P M
3 0 0 100

UNIT - I INTRODUCTION (9)

FACTS-a toolkit, Principles of Reactive Power Control in load and transmission line
Compensation – Series and Shunt compensation – Concepts of FACTS - Basic
concepts of Static VAR compensator, Resonance damper, Thyristor controlled series
capacitor, Static condenser, Phase angle regulator, and other controllers.

UNIT - II SERIES COMPENSATION SCHEMES (9)


Sub-Synchronous resonance, Torsional interaction, torsional torque, Compensation
of conventional, ASC, NGH damping schemes, Modeling and control of thyristor
controlled series compensators.
UNIT - III STATIC VAR COMPENSATION (9)
Basic concepts, Thyristor Controlled Reactor (TCR), Thyristor Switched Reactor
(TSR), Thyristor Switched Capacitor (TSC), Saturated Reactor (SR), Fixed Capacitor
(FC).

UNIT - IV UNIFIED POWER FLOW CONTROL (9)


Introduction, Implementation of power flow control using conventional thyristors,
Unified power flow concept, Implementation of unified power flow controller
UNIT - V DESIGN OF FACTS CONTROLLERS (9)
Approximate multi-model decomposition, Variable structure FACTS controllers for
Power system transient stability, Non-linear variable-structure control, variable
structure series capacitor control, and variable structure resistor control – Simulation
and study of FACTS under dynamic conditions.
Reference Books Total 45

1 Narin G.Hingorani, “ Flexible AC Transmission “, IEEE Spectrum, April 1993, pp


40- 45.
2 Narin G. Hingorani, “ High Power Electronics and Flexible AC Transmission
Systems “ IEEE High Power Engineering Review, 1998.
3 Narin G.Hingorani, “ Power Electronics in Electric Utilities : Role of Power
Electronics in future power systems “, Proc. Of IEEE, Vol.76, no.4, April 1988.
4 Mohan Mathur.P., Rajiv K. Varma, “Thyristor based FACTS controllers for
Electrical Transmission Systems”, John Wiley and Sons Inc., IEEE Press, USA,
2002.
5 Einar V.Larsen, Juan J. Sanchez-Gasca, Joe H.Chow, “ Concepts for design of
FACTS Controllers to damp power swings “, IEEE Trans On Power Systems,
Vol.10, No.2, May 1995.
6 Gyugyi L., “Unified power flow control concept for flexible AC transmission “,
IEEE Proc-C Vol.139, No.4, July 1992.
7 K.R. Padiyar, “FACTS Controllers for Power Transmission and Distribution” New
Age International Publishers, 2007.
8 Narain G.Hingorani, Laszio Gyugyi, “Understanding FACTS concept and
Technology”, Standard Publisher, Delhi, 2001.

19
07PEE07 COMPUTER COMMUNICATION AND NETWORKS L T P M
3 0 0 100

UNIT - I COMPUTER NETWORKS (9)

Evolution of data networks, Network architecture, ISO Reference model examples of


networks, Application of networks, Physical layer, and communication medium
characteristics.

UNIT - II MEDIUM ACCESS SUB LAYER AND DATA LINK LAYER (9)
Local area networks, conventional channel allocation methods, pure-ALOHA, S-
ALOHA, Finite population ALOHA, Controlled ALOHA, Reservation ALOHA, Design
issues for packet radio networks – IEEE Standard for LAN-Ethernet: CSMA/CD LAN,
Token passing ring. Data link layer design issues – Service primitives – Stop and
wait Sliding window protocols – Comparison of stop and wait and sliding window
protocols.
UNIT - III NETWORK AND TRANSPORT LAYERS (9)
Network layer design issues Routing algorithm - Congestion control algorithms
internetworking. Transport layer design issues – Connection management – A
simple transport protocol on top of X.25.

UNIT - IV QUEUING THEORY AND CAPACITY ASSIGNMENT (9)


M/M/I Queues/G/I Queues, priority queuing capacity assignment for terminal
networks and distributed networks, concentration and buffering for finite and infinite
buffers ad block storage.
UNIT - V PRESENTATION LAYER AND APPLICATION LAYER (9)
Design issues – Abstract syntax notation – Data compression techniques –
Cryptography – Remote procedure call - Design Issues – File transfer access and
management, Electronic mail – Virtual terminals – Other applications.
Reference Books Total 45

1 Andrew S.Tanenbaum, “Computer Networks”, 4th Edition, Prentice Hall of


India,2003.
2 D.Bertsekas and R.Gallager, “Data networks”, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall of India,
2003.
3 Godbole and Kahate, “Computer Communication Networks (Ascent Series)”,
McGraw Hill, 2003.
4 M.Schwartz, “Computer Communications”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2002.
5 Achyut S Godbole, “Data Communications and Networking”, Tata McGraw Hill,
2002.

20
07PEE08 PROJECT MANAGEMENT L T P M
3 0 0 100
UNIT - I PROJECT MANAGEMENT & SYSTEMS AND PROCEDURES (9)
Need – Goals- Evolution-different forms-project management in manufacturing,
service and government sectors; Systems development cycle – project life cycle –
conception phase: proposal , contracting – definition phase – execution phase:
production / build, implementation – operation phase- case study.Tools for project
planning – work break down structure, responsibility matrix, events and mile stones,
Gantt charts.
UNIT - II NETWORK SCHEDULING & PERT NETWORK (9)
Network Diagram – critical path – late times – nslack – float – calender
scheduling.Time estimates – probability of finishing by target completion date –
meeting the target – simulating PERT network - - criticisms of PERT ; CPM – Time
cost relationship – reducing project duration – shortest duration – total project cost –
scheduling with resource constraints – resource loading and leveling – constrained
resources: Introduction to GERT network, class studies in PERT/CPM.
UNIT - III PROJECT COST ESTIMATION (9)
Process – classification-expert opinion, analogy, parametric estimate, cost
engineering- example: Contingency amount ; Elements of budgets and Estimates –
direct labour, direct non-labour, overhead, general and administrative expenses,
profit and total billing; Project cost accounting and management information system
– cost summaries, cost schedules and forecasts – case study.
UNIT - IV PROJECT CONTROL (9)
Cost accounting systems- project control process; Project control emphasis – scope
change control, quality control, schedule control, time buffers; Performance Analysis
– cost, schedule, work package analysis, performance indices, updating time
estimates, technical performance measurement; Performance Index monitoring –
variance limits, controlling changes, contract administration, control problems, case
study.
UNIT - V PROJECT MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS (PMIS)& (9)
PROJECT EVALUATION:
Functions – Computer based PMI Systems – Web-Based project management.
Review meetings, reporting, terminating, termination responsibilities, closing the
contract, project extensions, project summary evaluation.
Reference Books Total 45
1 John M Nicholas, “Project Management for Business and Technology”, Prentice Hall
India Pvt Ltd., New Delhi, 2002.
2 Anastasia Pagnoni, “Project Engineering – Computer Oriented Planning and
Operational Decision Making”
3 Springer Verlag, 1990
4 Parameshwar P Iyer, “Engineering Project Mangement – with case Studies”, Wheeler
Publishing, 1996
5 Dennis Lock, “The Essentials of Project Management”, Gower Punlishing Ltd., 1996
6 Vasant Desai, “Project Management”, Himalaya Publishing House, 2001
7 Joseph Phillips, “IT Project Management – On Track from Start to Finsh”, TMH, 2002

21
07PEE09 ADVANCES IN POWER ELECTRONICS L T P M
0 0 100

UNIT - I RESONANT CONVERTERS (10)

Zero voltage and Zero current switching – Classification of resonant converters -


Basic resonant circuit concepts - Load resonant converters - Resonant switch
converters - Zero voltage switching, clamped voltage topologies -Resonant DC link
Inverters and Zero voltage switching - High frequency link integral half cycle
converters - Applications in SMPS and lighting.

UNIT - II IMPROVED UTILITY INTERFACE (10)


Generation of current harmonics – Current harmonics and power factor - Harmonic
standards and recommended practices - Need for improved utility interface -
Improved single phase utility interface - Improved three phase utility interface -
Electromagnetic interference
UNIT - III FACTS (9)
Introduction - Principles of reactive power control in load and transmission line
compensation - Series and shunt reactive power compensation - Concepts of
Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) - Static var compensators (SVC) -
Thyristor controlled reactor - Thyristor switched capacitor - Solid state power control
- Static condensers - Controllable series compensation - Thyristor controlled phase-
angle regulator and unified power flow control.

UNIT - IV MODELING AND ANALYSIS (8)


Modeling and methods of analysis of SVC and FACTS controllers - System control
and protection - Harmonics and filters – Simulation and study of SVC and FACTS
under dynamic conditions.
UNIT - V EMERGING DEVICES AND CIRCUITS (8)
Power Junction Field Effect Transistors - Field Controlled Thyristors - JFET based
devices Vs other power devices - MOS controlled thyristors - Power integrated
circuits - New semiconductor materials for power devices.
Reference Books Total 45
1 Ned Mohan., Undeland and Robbins, " Power Electronics: Converters,
Applications and Design ", John Wiley and Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore,
2003.
2 Rashid, M.H., “Power Electronics – Circuits, Devices and Applications”, Pearson
Education (Singapore) Pte. Ltd, New Delhi, 2004./ Prentice Hall of India, New
Delhi.
3 Joseph Vithayathil., ”Power Electronics”, Mc-Graw Hill series in Electrical and
Computer Engineering, USA, 1995.
4 Mohan Mathur P, Rajiv K Varma, “Thyristor – Based Facts Controllers for
Electrical Transmission Systems”, John Wiley and Sons Inc., IEEE Press,USA,
2002.
5 Roger C Dugan, Maric F Mcgranaghan, “Electrical Power System Quality”,
Mc-Graw Hill Inc, New York, 1996.
6 Bimal K Bose, “Modern Power Electronics – Evolution, Technology and
application”, Jaico Publishing House, Mumbai, 2006.

22