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U D C [ S 7 8 . 5 t . 8$j 6 7 : O O .14 : S ?

1 " 7 5 3 " 1

[":IUTSCHt T.JCRM

Novernber1982

_! , .;
;;g

pl[!

P l a s t i c sm o u l d i n g s

(rE:
i

S: :> ,

T o l e r a n c e sa n d a c c e p t a n c ec o n d i t i o n sf o r l i n e a rd i m e n s i o n s

"2 ?*

1 69 0 1

orJ
f

-g
- )

E#

- $ =
C J = ; ''
(1r cn
e c 9
9, (t, .v
c ) ? r
.- cd

K u n s t s t o f f - F o r m t e i l e ;T o l e r a n z e n u n d A b n a h m e b e d i n g u n g e n f i i r L d n g e n m a s s e

.= Pf;

S u p e r s e d eJsu l y 1 9 7 3 e d i t i o n

As it is current practicein standardspubtished by the lnternational OrganizationforStandardization (tSU,the comma


hasbeen used throughout as a drcimal marker.

r- tE o o

' -6 ;(ro
a
Ct O-C

6.,)

c - E

3g

It is not possibleto take the tolerancesfor plasticsmouldingsfrom the ISO basictolerances,sincethey are correlated
S s ? F with the nominaldimensionson the basisof other principles.
Efr6
g u

iI
:

arE =

= ( u
trtr g
e -

D i m e n s i o n si n m m

General

Deviationsfrom the nominal dimension ctnnot be


avoidedin the fabricationof plasticsmoufdings.
Dimensionafdeviationsoccurring in the productionprocessmay resultfrom a numberof causes:
a) Dispersionin the resultsof the processing
This is dependent'on
uniformityof the moufdingmaterial,
- the machinesetting,
a,
the mould temperature,
deformationof the mould under pressure.
b) Conditionof mould
manufacturing
tolerancesfor the dimensionsof
the mould (seeD lN 16 7 49l.,
wearon the mould,
variationsin the positionof movablepartsof the
mould.
The tolerancesin this standardare specifiedon the basis
of the above considerationsand a large number of
measurements
derivedfrom practicalapplications.

3 Concepts
MouldingshrinkageVS
Mouldingshrinkagemeansthe differencebetweenthe
dimensions.of
the mould.Lw at (23 !2l.oC and those
of the mouldingLtr, the latter havingbeen stored for
16 hours after manufacturein standardatmosphere
DIN 50 014 - 23/50-2andthen measuredimmediately
after.

VS:t-# 1oo10701
RadialmouldingshrinkageVSR
The radialmouldingshrinkageis the mouldingshrinkage
in the directionof injection.
TangentialmouldingshrinkageVST
The tangentialmouldingshrinkageis the mouldingshrinkageperpendicular
to the direction,ofiniection.
MouldingshrinkagedifferenoeAVS
The moufdingshrinkagedifferenceis the differencebetweenthe radialandtangentialmouldingshrinkage
AVS=VSR_VST

Field of application

For other concepts:


. ,
The tolerancesin this standard
mouldings,compressionmould ings,injection mouldings,
"
rnouldingmateriais,seeDIN 77Ag Part 1
are applicable'iothe dimensionsof plastiesmouldings
prodrrcedfrom thermoplasticand thermosettingmoulJing c"omprOssionmoulding, transfer moulding, extrusion,
:
'
:
mfieriafsby compl*sion moufding,lransfer;moul!i1s, :. iniection moulding,seeDIN 16 7qO
,
compressioninjectionmouldingor injection;moulding;'*'.. toferanoer deviatiiin", general tolerance, soe D lN 7182
,
are not qpplicaUi[ to riiiiusions, blow-moqlded,,orfo?med, Part 1 and D lN 7168 Part 1
mouldifigs,,deepdrrlwn,parts, sintered Fflr:tsprd parts : - . toferan@$of ,form,.and position, $ee DIN 7184 Part 1
'produced
, i. and DIN 7,168PartZ.
by a chip'ssmo\ttlrnachiningproceis-: ,
Tabfe,1 givesthe app{opriatetolerance$roups to be' . ,., For conceptsusedin the field of high polymer materials,
appliedto the'various,mould
ing rnaterials.
se.eDf N 7724

g c )

;t rso

eg
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sg

.*r

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uth Verlag GmbH, Berlin 30, hes exclu.siv,esale r ights f or G er r nan Standar ds ( D l N - N or m en)

.83
b-

DIN l6 901

Engl.

Price group 7
S a l e sN o . 0 1 0 7

Paqe

D t N1 6 9 0 1

4 T er anc es
The t
acce

r a n c e ss h a l l a p p l y t o m o u l d i n g s a t t h e t i m e o f
n c e ; s e e c l a u s e5 .

Unl

herwise agreed, a reference mus.t be m a d e o n


ing to the acceptance conditions as specified

the dr

incla e 5 .
al to lerances1)

4.1
Th e

s pe c i fi e di n ta b l e 1 , c o l u mn4 , re terto the


t e t oler a n c eg ro u p i n ta b l e 2 .

appro

l f t h e eviations are not specified against the number for


t h e d i e n s i o ni n p r o d u c t i o n d o c u m e n t s , o r d e r d o c u m e n t s ,
etc. a
e must be included referringto this standard,
ifying D lN 16 901 and the tolerancegroup given
by

i n t ab 2 .
Ex am f or s pec i fy i n gto l e ra n c eg ro u p 1 4 0 :

T o l e r a n c eDsI N 1 6 9 0 1- 1 4 0

e l e m e n t so i t h e m o u l d , e . g . w a l l t h i c k n e s sd i m e n s i o n s
a n d b o t t o m t h i c k n e s sd i m e n s i o n so r d i m e n s i o n sd e t e r '
m i n e d b y t h e s h i m so r m o u l d s l i d e s .
N o t e : T h e t o l e r a n c e so n t h e s e d i m e n s i o n s a r e g r e a t e r
than those on the mould-related dimensions
becausethe movable parts of the mould do not
' always reach the same final position when the
mould is closed.
When the permissible deviations are entered
a g a i n s tt h e d i m e n s i o n , t a k e c a r e t o e n s u r et h a t
t h e d i m e n s i o n sl y i n g i n t h e c l o s i n gd i r e c t i o n o f
t h e m o u l d a l l v a r y i n t h e s a m ed i r e c t i o n , i . e .t h a t
the bottom thickness for example increaseswhen
the overall height of the moulding increases.
F o r n o n - m o u l d - r e l a t e dd i m e n s i o n s i n t h e d i r e a i o n o f
closing of the mould, the values specified in table 2 e-an
be increased if necessary in the case of compression
m o u l d i n g . I n s u c h a c a s et h e d i m e n s i o n s s h a l l b e m a r k e d
with these increasedtolerances.

ations specified against dimensions 2)

4.2

1, c olum n s5 a n d 6 , tw o s e ri e sa re g i v e nfor
ln
specif ng t oler an c eas g a i n sdt i m e n s i o n sT. h e fi g uresi n
these f er t o t he a p p ro p ri a teto l e ra n c eg ro u p i n tabl e2.
Series tolerancescan be compliedwith without special
mea
. Series 2 tolerancesrequire more extensive
in pr odu c ti o n .
The ies 1 and 2 to l e ra n c essh a l lb e d i v i d e di nto upper
r deviations in accordance with technical requirea n dI

E x am e s h o w i q g d i v i s i o n o f t o l e r a n c e 0 , 8 :

3'to'- 3,,ort 0.4"' I 3:3"' I !'! .t..

N ot e: l f i t i s r e q u i r e d t h a t t h e t o l e r a n c e sb e m a i n t a i n e d
in respect of effects acting on the moulding from
t h e e n v i r o n m e n t o r c a u s e db y t h e c o n d i t i o n o f
the moulding during the production process3),
this shall be expresslyagreedbetween the supplier
and the customer and specified in drawings, order
documents, etc.

4.3
Dim

related to the mould (seef igure 1)

4.4
Dim
di

not relatedto the mould (seefigure 2)


in table 2 not relatedto the mould are

i o n s i n t a b l e 2 r e l a t e dt o t h e m o u l d a r e i n e a c h
ons in the samepart of the mould.
cased

ns determined by the interaction of movable

di mensi ons
Fi gure1. J\4oul d+ el ated
4.5 Reductionof tolerances
For particulardimensionstolerancesnarrowerthan those
specifiedin table 2 may be obtainableby specialmeasures.
For precisionengineeringat the presenttime the last
tw o l i nesi n tabl e2 appl y.
1) Formerl ydesi gnated
as: " D i mensi onsw i thou t specitolerance"
f ied
2) Formerlydesignatedas: "Dimensionswith specified
tolerance"
3) Thesecould be for example,temperature,atmospheric
humi di ty,gasesand vapours,l i qui ds

o)
:l
at)

,
I
I

J
r+-

I O
t c

lr

li

.9
6o)

.=
o

Directiono, -oirni-, of mouldslide


dimensions
Figure2.- Non-mould-related

Dlrd
4.6

D r a ft s

S i n c e a l l d e v i a t i o n sa p p l y t o t h e n o m i n a l d i m e n s i o n s
e n t e r e do n t h e d r a w i n g , t h e d r a w i n g m u s t c l e a r l ys h o w
the point on the draft taper to which the nominal
d i m e n s i o na p p l i e s .

'16
901

P a o e3

4 . 7 T o l e r a n c e so f f o r m a n d p o s i t i o n
D e v i a t i o n so f f o r m a n d p o s i t i o n o c c u r r i n ga f t e r r e m o v a l
f r o m t h e m o u l d a r e d e p e n d e n to n t h e s h a p eo f t h e n p o u l d
\
among other things.
A n g u l a r t o l e r a n c e s ,t o l e r a n c e so f f o r m a n d p o s i t i o n s h a l l
b e s p e c i fi e d i n a c c o r d a n c ew i t h D l N 7 1 8 4 P a r t 1 d i r e c t l y
a g a i n s t t h e d i m e n s i o n o r ( w h e r e a p p l i c a b l e )a s g e n e r a l
t o l e r a n c e si n a c c o r d a n c ew i t h D l N 7 1 6 8 p a r t 1 a n d p a r t ? .
E x a m p l e s h o w i n g m e t h o d o f s p e c i f y i n gg e n e r a lt o l e r a n c e :
A n g u l a r t o f e r a n c e s ,t o l e r a n c e so f f o r m a n d p o s i t i o n
DIN 7168 - mT

F i g u r e3 . B a s i cs h a p eo f m o u l d i n g

4.8

Tolerances for parts produced by


chip removal machining processes

For parts produced by chip removal machining processes,


D I N 7 1 6 0 ,D I N 7 1 6 1 a n d D I N 7 1 7 2 P a r t1 a p p l y .
4.9

Tolerances for threads

T h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e u s e d a s a g u i d e l i n e :t o l e r a n c e c l a s s
"coarse"
for metric threads in accordance with DIN 13
Part 14 and tolerancd class"8" for pipe threads in accordance with D lN ISO 228 Part 1.

F i g u r e4 . P l u s v a r i a t i o n f o r d r a f t
Extra material compared with the basic shape
of the moulding

5 Acceptanceconditions
A c c e p t a n c es h a l l ' n o t t a k e p l a c e e a r l i e r t h a n 1 6 h o u r s
after manufacture of the plastics moulding or after any
req ui red post-mould ing treatment.
The atmosphere used for acceptance shall be standard
atmosphere DIN 50 O14 - 23/50-2. For other tempera t u r e s a n d r e l a t i v e h u m i d i t i e s , t h e m e a s u r e dv a l u e sm u s t
be corrected by taking into account the appropriate
coefficients of linear expansion.

F i g u r e5 .

M i n u s v a r i a t i o nf o r d r a f t
Loss of material compared with the basic
s h a p eo f t h e m o u l d i n g

= i n s i d ed i m e n s i o n
a = o u t s i d ed i m e n s i o n
i

T h e s i z eo f t h e r e q u i r e d d r a f t t a p e r s m u s t b e s p e c i f i e d
in the drawing.

Post-moulding tratment (conditioning or heat treatment)


shall be agreed.betweenJhe supplier and the customer.
For plastics parts made of moulding materials for which
t h e c h a n g e i n d i m e n s i o n - e . g .t h r o u g h m o i s t u r e a b s o r p tion or re-crystallization - has to be taken into account
in making the measurementsfor acceptance,the type of
post-moulding treatment must be specified by agreement
between the supplier and the customer. lt is advisable
also to agree that the specified treatment condition shall
apply alsoto the measurement.

P a g e4

tN 16901

Table1

Correlation of tolerance g r o u p s w i t h m o u l d i n g m a t e r i a l s

grouPs
Tolerance
for dimensions
for
I
oeneral
-toler- I wherethe deviations
against
| areindicated
ances I thedimensions
S e r i e s ll S e r i e s 2

madefrom
Mouldings

materials
Epoxyresinmoulding
materials
moulding
copolymer
vinylacetate
Ethylene
Phenolic
plastic
m ould i n g
materials
Aminoplastic
m ould i n g
materials
and
aminoplastic/
phenolic
plastic
m ould i n g* materials

16778Part1

w i t hi n o r g a n i c T Y P1e1 . 5 , ! ? , ! 9
1 3 . 51, 3 . 91, 5 , 1 6
fillers

t'
organic lffittult;,tl;?rtt
with
fillers

84
ii'.g, it,7q',75,ti3,

withorsanic
IIIIJ#il?llfir!-l

fillers

w i thi n o rg a n i c
fillers

ig', f gf , igt.b'

T ype1S b,156,l bB

(
7708Part3

with organic
--Type157;'182;183
andinoiganic '-

materials Type801,802'803'804
resinmoulding
Polyester

mats
resin
Polyester

T Y P8e3 0 , 8 3 0 ' 5 , 8 3 1
831'5,832,832'5'833'
833.5

16911
16913P art3

T ype212,214
Com p o u n fo
d sr c o l dm o u l d i n g
copolymers
acrylester
onacrylonitrile-sryrene
based
fVf
*f Oiogmaterials
basedon acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene
Mouldingmaterials
(with.nd *,thout fillttt)'
copolym-ers
mouldingmaterials
acetate
Cellulose

16772Part1
7742Part1

butyratemouldingmaterials
acetate
Cellulose
mouldingmabrials
propionate
acetate
Cellulose
mouldingmaterials
propionate
Cellulose
(amorphous,
with or withoutfillers)
iolyamidemouldingmaterials
6 to
eolyamide
1) (withoutfiller)
materiah
66 moulding
Polyamide
P oly a m i d6el 0 to
t.ttt'.ltU
11moulding
Polyamide

(-it

P olya mi dl 2emo u l d i n g@
G las s fi b re i n fo rc epdo l y a m i d6e,6 6 ,610,1l and12
materials
moulding
materials
moulding
Polybutylene
Polybutyleneterephthalatemouldingmaterials
(-i,hf',ll*)
(withoutfiller,with filler)
mouldingmaterials
Polycarbonate
, nonf iar d e n i n g ' o u | d i n g * te ri a | s (th e rmop| asti cs)thenexthi ghestto| erancegroup
over4 mm.
applyfor wallthicknesses

(,

D I N 1 69 0 1

Table 1.

It

(continued)

S y m bol
f or
basic
material

M o u l d i n gs
madefrom

PDAP

PE

(wirhinorganic
moulding
materials
fiiler)
!g!gq!!Vt phthalate
1)
Po l y e th y l em
n eo u l d i nm
(w
i
thout
g a te ri a l s
fi l l er)

PESU

Po l y e th e
r l p h o nmo
su
e u l d i nm
g a t eri al(w
s i thoutfi l l er)

PSU

It
/

I
lI

T rlerance
groups
Moulding
materials
Ior
t or dim ensions
I
in
general wherethedeviations
I
accordance t o l e r - I areindicated
against
with
ances I
ttredimensions
DIN
1 | Series
2
I Series

r30
r50
130

120

r10

130

120

110

PETP

140

130

130
120

1r0

PMMA

Polyethylene
(withfiller)
terephthalate
moulding
materials
Polymethyl
methacrylate
moulding
materials

POM

16776Part1

130

120

r30

120

110

l ) o u l d i n gm a t e r i a l1s) ( w i t h o u tf i l l e r ) ,
P o l y o x y m e t h y l e n( p
e o l y a c e t am
l e n g t ho f m o u l d i n g s(: 1 5 0 m m

140

130

120

Polyoxymethy
1) (withoutf iller),
lene(p-olyacetal)
moulding materials
l e n g th
o f mo u l d i n g )s : 1 5 0m m

150

140

130

(polyacetal)
Polyoxymethylene
1) {withfiller}
moulding
materials
1)s(w i thoutfi l l er)
P o l y p ro p y l em
ne
o u l d i nm
g a te ri al

130

120

ll0

150

140

130

140

r30

120

140

130

120

130

120

110

130

120

110

PP

1) (glass
Polypropylene
moulding
materials
fibrereinforced,
reinforced
withtalcumor asbestos
f ibre)
P P / E P DMMixtureof polypropylene
andrubber(withoutfiller)

7745ParIl

16774P art1

PPO

folyphenyleneoxide mouldingmaterials

PPS
PS

Polyphenylene
sulphide
(withfiller)
moulding
materials
Polystyrene
moulding materials

7741Part1

130

120

ll0

PVC-U

Unplasticized
polyvinyl chloridemoulding materials

7748PartI

130

120

r10

Plasticized
polyvinylchloride
moulding
materials
Styrene
acrylonitrife
moulding
materials
{*itt tilt"r,*itt *ffi
Styrene
butadiene
moulding
materials

7749Part1

No dataavailable
at present

SB

Mixtures
of polyphenylene
oxideandpolystyrene
{withf illerandwithoutf iller)

Therm
polyurethane
oplastic

16775PartI

130

120

r10

16771P art1

r30

120

110

130

120

r10

150

140

130

Products
with 70to g0 ShoreA 2)

r50

r40

Products
with over50 St'." D ,)

140

130

r30
t2a

r) Seepage4
! ) For Shorehardnestests
A and D seeDIN b3 505

Polyethylene
terephthalate
mouIdingmateria
ls (amorphous)
Polyethylene
terephthalate
mouIding materia
ls(crystalline)

Fluorinated
polyethy
lene-p
olypropylenemouldingmaterials

,l

Po l y s u l p h om
ne
o u l d i nm
g a te ri a(w
l s i thf i l l er,w i thoutf i l l er)

I
tt \(

il0

SAN

130

)vcf

110

120

I '

It

140
120

P a g e5

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