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∑ Fx ∫A τ 2.

V =

: dA 1

(a) The distribution of shear (b) The resultant shear force on the

force on a sectioning plane sectioning plane

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V Average Shear Stress

τavg = A 2.2

s

V

P

τavg = A =

(Πd)t

s

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Single Shear

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diagram stress distribution

V P

τavg = =

As Lsw

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FIGURE 2.4 Direct single shear (a) and (b) Bolted lap joint, (c) and (d)

Glued lap joint

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Double Shear

FIGURE 2.4 Direct double shear (a) and (b) Bolted double lap joint, (c) and

(d) Glued double lap joint

V = F/2

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EXAMPLE 2.1

The wooden strut shown in figure below is

suspended from a 10-mm-diameter steel rod,

which is fastened to the wall. If the strut

supports a vertical load of 5 kN, compute the

average shear stress in the rod at the wall and

along the two shaded planes of the strut, one

of which is indicated as abcd.

FIGURE 2.5

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Force Force

Stres

x Area Stress x Area

s

∑Fx = 0: τyx (ΔxΔz) - τ`xy (ΔxΔz) = 0

τyx = τ`yx

And in a similar manner, force of equilibrium in the y-direction yield

τxy = τ`xy

Moment Moment

Force x Distance Force x Distance

Stres

x Area x Arm Stress x Area x Arm

s

∑Mz = 0: τyx (ΔxΔz) (Δx) - τxy (ΔxΔy) (Δz) = 0

τyx = τxy

So, τyx = τ`yx = τxy = τ`xy = τ. Thus Figure 2.8 can be replaced by Figure 2.9.

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Allowable Stress

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= Ffail

F.S V

A F

=allow

τallow

τfail

F.S =

τallow

We can design the dimension of the body to sustained the allowable shear

stress, τallow, to be within the range of the decided factor of safety which is

generally bigger than 1.

From the calculated allowable shear stress, τallow, we can determine the area

and hence the dimension as well.

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EXAMPLE 2.2

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are pinned

together at B as

shown. Top views

of the pin

connections at A

and B are also

given in the figure.

If the pins have an

allowable shear stress of τallow = 37 MPa and the allowable tensile stress of rod

CB is (σt)allow = 100 MPa, determine the smallest diameter of pins A and B and

the diameter of rod CB necessary to support the load.

EXAMPLE 2.3

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its end by a fixed-connected circular

disk as shown. If the rod passes

through a 40-mm-diameter hole,

determine the minimum required

diameter of the rod and the

minimum thickness of the disk

needed to support the 20-kN load.

The allowable normal stress for the

rod is σallow = 60 MPa, and the allowable shear stress for the disk is τallow = 35

MPa.

Simple Shear Strain

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FIGURE 2.5 Illustrations for a definition of shear strain

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π θ

γ = - Shear Strain 2.4

2 *

π π δs

θ ta θ

γ = - ≈ ( - ) = L

2 * n 2 *

s

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EXAMPLE 2.4

shape as shown. If in this deformed

shape horizontal lines on the plate

remain horizontal and do not change

their length, determine

(a) the average normal strain

along the side AB, and

(b) the average shear strain in the

plate relative to the x and y axes.

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