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# DMV 4343

## JAN ~ JUN `07

∑ Fx ∫A τ 2.
V =
: dA 1

(a) The distribution of shear (b) The resultant shear force on the
force on a sectioning plane sectioning plane

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## FIGURE 2.1 Shear force on a sectioning plane

V Average Shear Stress
τavg = A 2.2
s
V
P
τavg = A =
(Πd)t
s

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Single Shear

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## (a) A lap splice (b) The free-body (c) The average-shear-

diagram stress distribution

V P
τavg = =
As Lsw

## Chapter 2 SHEAR STRESS AND STRAIN p5

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FIGURE 2.4 Direct single shear (a) and (b) Bolted lap joint, (c) and (d)
Glued lap joint

## Chapter 2 SHEAR STRESS AND STRAIN p6

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Double Shear

FIGURE 2.4 Direct double shear (a) and (b) Bolted double lap joint, (c) and
(d) Glued double lap joint

V = F/2

## Chapter 2 SHEAR STRESS AND STRAIN p7

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EXAMPLE 2.1
The wooden strut shown in figure below is
suspended from a 10-mm-diameter steel rod,
which is fastened to the wall. If the strut
supports a vertical load of 5 kN, compute the
average shear stress in the rod at the wall and
along the two shaded planes of the strut, one
of which is indicated as abcd.

FIGURE 2.5

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## Chapter 2 SHEAR STRESS AND STRAIN p10

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Force Force
Stres
x Area Stress x Area
s
∑Fx = 0: τyx (ΔxΔz) - τ`xy (ΔxΔz) = 0
τyx = τ`yx
And in a similar manner, force of equilibrium in the y-direction yield
τxy = τ`xy

## Finally, by taking moment about z-axis

Moment Moment
Force x Distance Force x Distance
Stres
x Area x Arm Stress x Area x Arm
s
∑Mz = 0: τyx (ΔxΔz) (Δx) - τxy (ΔxΔy) (Δz) = 0
τyx = τxy

So, τyx = τ`yx = τxy = τ`xy = τ. Thus Figure 2.8 can be replaced by Figure 2.9.

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Allowable Stress

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= Ffail
F.S V
A F
=allow
τallow

## So, for a body that is subjected to shear stress,

τfail
F.S =
τallow

We can design the dimension of the body to sustained the allowable shear
stress, τallow, to be within the range of the decided factor of safety which is
generally bigger than 1.
From the calculated allowable shear stress, τallow, we can determine the area
and hence the dimension as well.

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EXAMPLE 2.2

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## The two members

are pinned
together at B as
shown. Top views
of the pin
connections at A
and B are also
given in the figure.
If the pins have an
allowable shear stress of τallow = 37 MPa and the allowable tensile stress of rod
CB is (σt)allow = 100 MPa, determine the smallest diameter of pins A and B and
the diameter of rod CB necessary to support the load.

EXAMPLE 2.3

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## The suspender rod is supported at

its end by a fixed-connected circular
disk as shown. If the rod passes
through a 40-mm-diameter hole,
determine the minimum required
diameter of the rod and the
minimum thickness of the disk
needed to support the 20-kN load.
The allowable normal stress for the
rod is σallow = 60 MPa, and the allowable shear stress for the disk is τallow = 35
MPa.
Simple Shear Strain

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## (a) Original (undeformed) element (b) Pure Shear Deformation

FIGURE 2.5 Illustrations for a definition of shear strain

## Chapter 2 SHEAR STRESS AND STRAIN p17

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π θ
γ = - Shear Strain 2.4
2 *

π π δs
θ ta θ
γ = - ≈ ( - ) = L
2 * n 2 *
s

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EXAMPLE 2.4

## The plate is deformed into the dashed

shape as shown. If in this deformed
shape horizontal lines on the plate
remain horizontal and do not change
their length, determine
(a) the average normal strain
along the side AB, and
(b) the average shear strain in the
plate relative to the x and y axes.