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A training module that prepares humanitarian personnel to

address the demands of maintaining and improving public health

in a post disaster situation.
The training covers a wide spectrum of issues relating to hygiene
 current context & background information about hygiene
promotion and hygiene risks
 skills, methods & approaches used in hygiene promotion
I N D I A  job specific practices in hygiene promotion

Training Course on

“Hygiene Promotion in Emergencies”

Training, for building capacities on Emergency response.

1.0 Introduction:

RedR India is a member of the RedR International network. In addition to its primary task as a recruiter of
humanitarian workers for working with non-government organisations (NGOs), Red Cross and the United
Nations (UN), the RedRs have a global reputation for the development and presentation of high quality training
for the humanitarian aid sector. Training emphasises our
recruitment methodology of identifying competencies and
building on life experience. RedR has a particular Venue: Pune, Maharashtra, India
commitment to the training concept of "honouring the (Nearest International Airport –
learner". This entails recognising that different people learn
and teach with different training methods (lectures, group
work, individual reflection, role-plays, videos and other
interactive materials). While there is no substitute for Dates: 9th -12th March 2010
experience in the field, RedR training provides a base on (Reporting on 8th evening)
which to link relevant experiences in home countries to the
challenging demands of fieldwork when deployed.

In the training, emphasis is on active learning through participatory group exercises, case studies,
demonstrations, focused discussions, simulations and practice with equipment used in the field. Training is
planned and presented in collaboration with relief agencies and specialist organisations. Informal exchange of
experience is a vital part of every training course and learning process.

2.0 Proposed training course:

Hygiene Promotion in Emergencies: Relief workers need to be adaptable and flexible- both professionally
and personally. RedR’s experience of deputing personnel over many years has shown that being competent in
ones particular field is usually not enough, in itself, to cope with the demands of maintaining and improving the
health of a disaster affected population. RedR's Hygiene Promotion in Emergencies module offers
participants the opportunity to broaden their knowledge and skills in different aspects of public health
to help the participants create hygiene awareness in emergencies and enable communities to take
appropriate action through effective participation. Theory, practice and hands-on experience are all built
into this intensive four-day module.

Additionally, relief workers from a range of disciplines need to work together and co-operate in formulating a
broad programme of environmental health measures. Programming in itself is a skill - working to standards,
determining priorities, recruiting and training the right staff, and managing the programme. The course helps
participants understand the important link between ‘Water- Sanitation’- ‘behaviour change’ and ‘Health’
the entire training is built around this principle. This course, therefore systematically covers all the major
components related to Hygiene Promotion.

2.1 Water and Sanitation issues and its affect on public health

Most raw surface waters and many ground water sources have microbial populations composed of
bacteria, viruses, protozoa, fungi etc. In a post disaster situation the presence of micro organisms
increases by many times. However, failure to adequately and continuously remove harmful micro
organisms is a continuing cause of waterborne diseases. The course focuses on qualities and
standards of drinking water and purification methods. Water borne diseases and preventive measures
are part of this course as well.

Effective sanitation is essential to provide a healthy and acceptable environment for people to live in
when disaster strikes. Many infections of human beings are spread through inadequate sanitation.
Micro organisms present in faeces may spread through direct contact, indirectly via food, water and soil
or via carriers and vectors. In this training we shall look into the most important diseases connected
with poor sanitation and their preventive measures.

2.2 Hygiene Promotion Skills, Methods and Approaches

This training helps participants to use a series of methods for community hygiene behaviour change
and to improve utilisation of need based water and sanitation facilities. One of the approaches is
PHAST (participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation). All the methods have their own
advantages and disadvantages and need to be used accordingly. The training discusses these
methods and debates how these participatory methods of hygiene promotion encourage the
participation of individuals in a group process, irrespective of their age, sex, social class or educational
background. The training reflects on demonstrating the relationship between sanitation and health
status, increasing the self-esteem of community members, empowering the community to plan
environmental improvements and to own and operate water and sanitation facilities.

2.3 Communication strategy for behaviour change

As people change their behaviour or adopt new behaviours, research all around the world has shown
that they go through a series of steps. As people move through these steps they develop other things
essential to sustain good health behaviour- knowledge, skills, confidence, motivation, resources and
support. How to design a communication strategy to move through the steps and adopt new behaviour
is of great importance.

3.0 Aims and Objectives

The overall aim of the course is to improve participants' understanding of the principles and practicalities
relating to water, sanitation and hygiene promotion in humanitarian relief operations. By the end of the course,
participants will be able to:
 Understand Hygiene Promotion in emergency situation
 Understand the links between water, sanitation and health
 Appreciate and apply SPHERE standards for hygiene Promotion
 Appreciate and implement the range of possible sanitation and vector-borne disease control measures
 Apply a gender perspective to the Hygiene Promotion programme
 Understand the importance of hygiene-promotion and different methods of hygiene promotion
 Design communication plans with specific requirements for PHP projects

4.0 Expected Participants:

This course is an ideal introduction to public health for persons of all disciplines intending to work in
humanitarian relief. It is also highly recommend if you are -

 A hygiene promotion trainer wishing to design a first phase training for field hygiene promoters.
 A hygiene promoter wishing to consolidate your knowledge about HP in emergencies and are
responsible for training community volunteers or mobilisers.
 An engineer or technician wishing to know more about hygiene promotion so you can ensure a
holistic approach to WASH programme.
 A hygiene promoter who will be managing the HP response and other field hygiene promoters.
 An experienced engineer who is responsible for coordinating a hygiene promotion response as part of
a WASH project and programme and managing other hygiene promoters.
 A generalist programme manager responsible for a WASH agency programme or project and
responsible for overall management of a response.
 A specialist Hygiene promoter who has not worked in emergencies.
5.0 Training resources:

Trainers, experienced relief workers and technical institutions from India shall be part of the training resource

6.0 Duration, venue and general information:

th th th
It will be a 4-days residential training course starting from 9 to 12 March 2010 (reporting on 8 evening) to
be conducted in Pune, Maharashtra, India. Training shall be conducted using English language but as a RedR
India policy, those participants who are not very comfortable with English are encouraged to
participate and helped in every possible way. Detailed Administrative note (Training Venue and travel
details) shall be mailed to the enrolled participants. The attached registration form (Pls. read page 1 of Reg.
Form for fee & mode of payment) has to be sent back by email to,