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Petersfield High School

End of Term Examination 2011

SECTION A
Multiple Choice: Each item in this section has four suggested answers lettered (A), (B), (C), (D).
Read each item you are about to answer and decide then circle which choice is best.

1. The component labeled 'I' in the diagram above is called a


(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Choke
Transformer
Capacitor
Starter

2. Increasing the current through a wire will always


(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Increase its resistance


Increase the strength of its surrounding magnetic field
Decrease the voltage drop across it
Decrease its physical length

3. The direction of the induced current in a conductor moving in a magnetic field depends
upon the
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Size of the conductor


Strength of the magnetic field
Type of material of which the conductor is made
Direction the conductor is moving within the field

4. What is the time constant of an inductor in d.c. circuit with inductance of 5H and resistance of
100 ohms?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

0.005 seconds
0.050 seconds
0.500 seconds
5.000 seconds

Electrical and Electronic Technology

Petersfield High School

End of Term Examination 2011

5. When measuring voltage in a circuit where the approximate voltage value is not know,
always start with the

(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Highest scale in the meter


Lowest scale in the meter
Electrical supply off
Red lead first

6. On which of the following electrical principles is the working of a transformer based?


(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Eddy current loops


Circuit resistance
Mutual inductance
Hysteresis reaction

7. Switches which open when they are actuated are


(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

normally closed switches


normally open switches
two way switches
intermediate switches

8. The direction of the induced current in a conductor moving at right angles in a magnetic
field can be determined by?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

Ohm's law
Faraday's law
Fleming's left-hand rule
Right hand grip rule

9. The frequency of an alternating current source is the


(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

radian
voltage variations in one revolution
number of cycles in one second
Completion of a set of specific changes

10. When a current flows in a coil, the magnetic polarity of the coil is determined by the
(A)
direction of winding of the coil
(B)
length of the coil
(C)
Direction of current flow through the coil
(D) Strength of the coil
11. Which of the following would occur when two metal bars, one of soft iron and the other
of steel, are magnetized and the magnetizing field is removed?
(A) Both the soft iron and the steel would retain their magnetism
(B) Both the soft iron and the steel would loose their magnetism
(C) The soft iron would retain its magnetism but steel would not
(D) The steel would retain its magnetism but the soft iron would not.
Electrical and Electronic Technology

Petersfield High School

End of Term Examination 2011

12. The purpose of a schematic diagram is to show


(A) the layout of the circuit board
(B) the relative size and location of the components
(C) the symbols and associated connected line between the components
(D) what the circuit looks like after it is assembled
13. The telephone receiver converts electrical energy to
(A) electrostatic energy
(B) kinetic energy
(C) sound energy
(D) magnetic energy
14. A relay is activated by
(A) electromagnetic energy
(B) mechanical energy
(C) heat energy
(D) nuclear energy
15. The glow type starter is used for starting
(A) low pressure mercury vapour lamps
(B) high pressure mercury vapour lamps
(C) high pressure sodium vapour lamps
(D) low pressure sodium vapour lamps
16. Incandescent lamps produce light as a result of current passing through a
(A) ballast
(B) filament
(C) starter
(D) gas
17. In which order do the following energy transformations take place in a light bulb?
(A) Electricity, light, heat
(B) Electricity, heat, light
(C) Light, heat, electricity
(D) Light, electricity, heat
18. Which of the following devices limits the current flow in a fluorescent lamp circuit when
the lamp is in operation?
(A) Starter
(B) Choke
(C) Magnet
(D) Capacitor
Electrical and Electronic Technology

Petersfield High School

End of Term Examination 2011

19. The power dissipated by a 50 resistor which is connected to a 24V d.c. supply is
(A) 10.00w
(B) 11.52w
(C) 54.00w
(D) 360.00w
20. A variable resistor can be connected as a potentiometer and as a
(A) varactor
(B) rheostat
(C) fuse
(D) switch
21. The insulation used to separate the two plates in a capacitor is called a
(A) dielectric
(B) semiconductor
(C) control grid
(D) carbon separator
22. When a current flows in a coil, the magnetic polarity of the coil is determined by the
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

direction of the winding of the coil


length of the coil
direction of current flow through the coil
strength of the coil

23. How many amperes of electric current are equivalent to 600 milliamperes?
(A) 0.06A
(B) 0.6A
(C) 6A
(D) 60A
24. Electrical generating utilities in the Caribbean distribute power at frequencies of
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

30 or 40Hz
50 or 60Hz
70 or 80Hz
90 or 100Hz

25. An electrical shock is a physical sensation caused by the


(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

amount of current that can result in serious damage to the muscles of a persons body
changes in temperature of a persons body
Current passing through the chest region of the body
Reaction of the nerves to electric current

Electrical and Electronic Technology

Petersfield High School

End of Term Examination 2011

26. Which of the following are units of energy?


II.
Lumen
III.
Joules
IV.
Kilowatt Hours
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

I and II only
I and III only
II and III only
I, II and III

27. The colour bands on a resistor are red, orange, red. The coded value is
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

0.23k
2.30k
23.00k
232k

28.

Which of the following would be true for any value of current flowing in the above circuit?
(A) V1 = V2
(B) V1 < V2
(C) V1 > V2
(D) V1 ~ V2
29.

The circuit above represents a


(A) bell circuit
(B) battery driven machine
(C) lamp dimmer
(D) potentiometer circuit
30. Silver is a very good conductor of electricity. It has
(A) low permittivity
(B) high conductivity
(C) high resistivity
(D) low permeability
Electrical and Electronic Technology

Petersfield High School

End of Term Examination 2011

SECTION B
SHORT ANSWER: Do all questions
1. A capacitance of 200F is connected to a 300V, 50Hz supply. Calculate the current
flowing in the capacitance.
(5 marks)
2. What current will flow in an inductance of 0.2H when connected across a 100V, 50Hz
supply?
(5 marks)
3. (a) A 80 F capacitor draws a current of 1.0A when 220V ac is connected across it.
Calculate:
(i) The frequency of the supply voltage
(5 marks)
(ii) The value of the resistance connected in series to reduce the current to 0.75A at
the same frequency
(7 marks)
4. (a)
(b)

What is the SI unit and symbol of inductance?


What is the unit of measurement of inductive reactance?

(2 mark)
(1 mark)

(c)

Name TWO factors which affect the inductance of a coil.

(2 marks)

(d)

State Lenzs law

(2 marks)

(e)

State Faradays law

(2 marks)

(f)

List THREE applications of inductance

(3 marks)

5. (a) In the case of a parallel plate capacitor, state the impact on the capacitance of the
capacitor if,
(i) The area of the plates of the capacitor is increased.
(2 marks)
(ii) The distance between the plates is decreased
(2 marks)
(b) Name THREE dielectric materials used in the construction of a capacitor
(3 marks)
(c) State THREE applications of capacitors used in electronic circuits
(3 marks)
(d) What is the time constant for a circuit in which C = 1F and R = 1M
(ii) How long will it take to reach its maximum current?
(4 marks)
6. a) State TWO characteristics of magnetic flux.
(2 marks)
b) Give TWO examples of ferro magnetic materials
(2 marks)
c) Name TWO devices which use the principle of electromagnetic materials (2 marks)
d) What is meant by the term magnetic shielding?
(2 marks)
e) What is the SI unit and symbol for EACH of the following quantities:
(i)
magnetic flux density
(ii)
magneto motive force
(2 marks)
7. a) Name one source of alternating current
b) Name one source of direct current.
c) Explain the following terms
i) period
ii) r.m.s.
Electrical and Electronic Technology

(1 mark)
(1 mark)
(4 marks)
6

Petersfield High School

End of Term Examination 2011

8. Why should a capacitor with a working voltage of 250V not be used on a 230V ac
supply? Give reason.
(4 marks)
9.

Solve: Q, VC1, VC3, CT, VT and the energy stored by C3


10.

Solve for CT, QT, VC1, VC2, VC4 and the energy stored by C3

Electrical and Electronic Technology

(18 marks 3 marks each)

(18 marks)