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Haroon T-test and Anova Test interpretation

Table no. 2 (t-test) to show the impact of neoliberalism on English language


teaching in Pakistan
Gender
Male

N
80

M
17.83

SD

Std.Error

2.388

Mean
.267

80

18.49

2.014

Sig.
tailed)

-1.875
Female

df

158

0.063

.225

Table no. 2 shows the gender wise opinions about the impact of neoliberalism on
English language teaching in Pakistan. The computed t value is -1.875 > 1.96
(critical value) at 0.05 level of significance. The computed significant value is 0.063
which is greater than the P value (0.05). Therefore, by using t-test for independent
variable gender, we found that gender wise there is same opinions among all the post
graduates students about the impact of neoliberalsim on English language teaching in
their educational setting. Therefore, we accept the null hypothesis.
Anova Table
Universiti N
es
UOL

40

PU

40

GCU
NUML
Total

40
40
160

Std.D

df

Sig.

16.81
18.92
17.94
18.97
18.16

2.316
1.566
2.553
1.634
2.227

3
156
159

9.805

0.000

The computed F Value (universities wise) is 9.805, computed significant values is 0.000
which is lesser than P- value (0.05). The computed (F = 9.805, p = 0.000). Therefore, we

(2-

reject the null hypothesis that there are same opinions among all the four universities
students about the impact of neoliberalsim on English language teaching in their
educational setting.
Table No. Least Significant Difference (LSD)
Post Hoc test, Fishers Least Significant Difference (LSD), was applied in order to find
the differences among the universities students about the impact of neoliberalsim on
English language teaching in their educational setting.

(I)

(J)

INSTITU INSTITU Mean Difference


TE

TE

UOL

PU

-2.115*

.461

.000

GCU

-1.135*

.461

.015

NUML

-2.170*

.461

.000

UOL

2.115*

.461

.000

GCU

.980*

.461

.035

NUML

-.055

.461

.905

UOL

1.135*

.461

.015

PU

-.980*

.461

.035

-1.035*

.461

.026

2.170*

.461

.000

.055

.461

.905

1.035*

.461

.026

PU

GCU

NUML
NUML

UOL
PU
GCU

(I-J)

Std. Error

Sig.

As the table No. shows that there is significant difference in the perceptions of post
graduates students of NUML. The highest mean value of NUML 18.97 and NUML
positive comparison with other three universities in Post Hoc LSD test about the impact
of neoliberalsim on English language teaching in their educational setting is very much
considerable however, no considerable difference among the views of students of other
universities is observed. However, mean difference between NUML and PU is showing
that there is no greater difference in the perceptions of both universities students about
the impact of neoliberalsim on English language teaching in their educational setting in
compare to other universities.

Jamshed T-test and Anova Test interpretation


Table no. 2 (t-test) to show the influence of learners' culture on L2.
Gender
Male

N
80

M
17.44

SD

Std.Error

2.383

Mean
.266

80

18.21

2.011

Sig.
tailed)

-2.201
Female

df

158

0.029

.225

Table no. 2 shows the gender wise opinions of the post graduate students about the
influence of learners' culture on L2. The computed t value is -2.201 < 1.96 (critical
value) at 0.05 level of significance. The computed significant value is 0.029 > P value
(0.05). Therefore, by using t-test for independent variable gender (male & female), we
found that the post graduate students have different perceptions among themselves about
the influence of learners' culture on L2. Therefore, we reject the null hypothesis.
Table No.

Anova Test

Universiti N
es
UOL

40

PU

40

GCU
NUML
Total

40
40
160

M
16.54
18.57
17.55
18.65
17.83

SD
2.265
1.626
2.603
1.646
2.232

Std.Error
Mean
.267
.225

df

Sig.

3
156
159

9.162

0.000

The computed F Value (universities wise) is 9.162, computed significant values is 0.000
which is lesser than P- value (0.05). The computed (F = 9.162, p = 0.000). Therefore, we
reject the null hypothesis that all the post graduate students of four different universities
have same perceptions among themselves about the influence of learners' culture on
L2.
Table No. Least Significant Difference (LSD)

(2-

Post Hoc test, Fishers Least Significant Difference (LSD), was applied in order to find
the difference among the universities students about the influence of learners' culture
on L2.

(I)

(J)

INSTITU INSTITU Mean Difference


TE

TE

UOL

PU

-2.030*

.464

.000

GCU

-1.005*

.464

.032

NUML

-2.110*

.464

.000

UOL

2.030*

.464

.000

GCU

1.025*

.464

.029

-.080

.464

.863

1.005*

.464

.032

PU

-1.025*

.464

.029

NUML

-1.105*

.464

.019

2.110*

.464

.000

.080

.464

.863

1.105*

.464

.019

PU

NUML
GCU

NUML

UOL

UOL
PU
GCU

(I-J)

Std. Error

Sig.

As the table No. shows that there is significant difference in the perceptions of post
graduates students of NUML. The highest mean value of NUML 18.65 and NUML
positive comparison with other three universities in Post Hoc LSD test about the
influence of learners' culture on L2 is very much considerable however, no
considerable difference among the views of students of other universities is observed.
However, mean difference between NUML and PU is showing that there is no greater
difference in the perceptions of both universities students about the influence of
learners' culture on L2 in compare to other universities.