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CACH THANH LAP T

(WORD FORMATION)
[A] : CACH THANH LAP TNH T N.
Noun +
suffix
-ful
-less
-ly
-like
-y
-ish
-al
-ous
-ic
-able

Adjectives
Harmful,
useful,
successful,
hopeful,
helpful,
peaceful
Childless, odourless, careless, hopeless, harmless,
useless
Manly, worldly, hourly, daily, weekly, monthly,
yearly,friendly
Childlike, godlike, lifelike, ladylike, manlike
Healthy, dirty, dusty, snowy, windy, rainy, cloudy,
sunny, sandy
Childish, boyish, girlish, mannish, selfish
Natural, national, industrial, agricultural, cultural,
magical
Dangerous, courageous, poisonous, mountainous
Artistic, electric, electronic, alcoholic, economic
Respectable, knowledgeable, reasonable

NOUN + less =
ADJECTIVE
speechspeechless:
khong noi
rest restless: khong
ngh ngi
childl childless:
khong con cai
odour odourless:
khong mui
care careless: bat
can
harm harmless:
khong co hai
tree treeless: khong
co cay
job jobless: khong
co viec lam

NOUN + ful = ADJECTIVE


use useful: co ich
delight delightful: thu
v
success successful:
thanh cong
hope hopeful: co hy
vong
care careful: can than
help helpful: san sang
giup
harm harmful: co hai
peace peaceful: thanh
bnh
waste wasteful: lang
ph
beauty beautiful: ep
wonder wonderful:
tuyet vi

NOUN + AL =
ADJECTIVE
agriculture
agricultural:
nong nghiep
nature natural: t
nhien
culture cultural: van
hoa
continent continetal:
luc a
region regional: vung.
khu vc
occupation
occ
up
ati
on
al:
nghe nghiep
music musical: am
nhac
nation national: quoc
gia
medicine medical: y

NOUN + Y =
ADJECTIVE
dust dusty: co bui
snow snowy: co
tuyet
rain rainy: co ma
sand sandy: co cat
dirt dirty: d ban
health healthy: khoe
manh
salt (muoi) salty:
man
storm stormy: co
bao
sun sunny: nang
cloud cloudy: co
may
wind windy: co gio
mud muddy: co
bun
NOUN + LY =
ADJECTIVE
day daily: hang
ngay
week weekly: hang
tuan
month monthly:
hang thang
year yearly: hang
nam
hour hourly: hang
gi
friend (ban) friendly:
than thien
man manly: nam tnh
brother brotherly:
tnh anh em
VERB + ABLE =
ADJECTIVE

reason reasonable:
hp ly

NOUN + OUS =
ADJECTIVE
adventure adventurous:
mao hiem
poison poisonous: oc
hai
fame famous: noi tieng
danger dangerous: nguy
hiem
adventure adventurous:
mao
hiem
miraclemiraculous: ky
dieu
glory glorious: ve vang
nerve (than kinh)
nervo
us:
hoi
hop

khoa
surgery surgical: giai
phau
industry industrial:
cong nghiep
chemistry chemical:
hoa hoc
history historical: lch
s
logic logical: hp ly
NOUN + ISH =
ADJECTIVE
fool foolish: ngu an
child childish: hi tre
con
red reddish: hi o
self selfish: ch ky

NOUN + LIKE =
ADJECTIVE
child childlike: ngay
th
god godlike: giong
than thanh
life lifelike: giong nh
ngi
that
statesman
statesm
anlike:
nh chnh
khach

NOUN / VERB + IVE =


ADJECTIVE
act active: tch cc
effect
effective: co
hieu qua
attract attractive: hap
dan
expense expensive:
at tien
protect protective:
bao ve

VERB +ED = ADJECTIVE

VERB + ING =
ADJECTIVE
disappoint
disap

disappoint

disap

pointe
point
comfort
d:
ing:
comfortable:thoai
that
that
mai
vong
vong
enjoy enjoyable: thu
satisfy

satisfied:
hai
satisfy

satisfying:
hai
v
long
long
divide divisible: co
surprise

surprised:
ngac
surprise

surprising:
the chia c
nhien
ngac
value valuable: co
nhie
bore bored: chan
gia tr
n
tolerate tolerable:
bore

boring:
chan
c
o

the chu ng

[1] : Give the correct form of the words in brackets:


1/ This country has a ________________________ climate. (continent)
2/ The ________________ University of Ho Chi Minh City has a very
large language centre. (Nation)
3/ I think the prices here are ______________ (reason)
4/ I dont think the food is very good, but it is _______________
(tolerate)
5/ This company offered a lot of ________________ jobs. (attract)
6/ I think its very _______________ of him to expect us to work
overtime every night this week. (reason)
7/ Most of the food in supermarkets is very _______________
(attract)
8/ The Island has very few ___________________ resources. (nature)
9/ Burning garbage will give off __________________ odour.
(pleasant)
10/ Oxygen is an ___________________ gas. (odour)
11/ These chemicals are _____________ They can cause death or
illness if taken into the body. (poison)
12/ If you are ______________ when you write your composition,
you will probably get a good grade. (care)
13/ Baseball is the _________________ sport in the United States.
(nation)
14/ He wants to be a ______________ engineer. (chemistry)
15/ There have been many _______________ develpments in this
century. (wonder)
16/ English has become an ________________ means of
communication.(effect)
17/ Your new dress makes you more _____________ (beauty)
18/ Firemen wear ____________ clothing, otherwise they would get
burnt. (protect)

19/ How many ____________ holidays do you have? (nation)


20/ Japan is an ____________ country (industry)
21/ I was _______________ about the dates. (confuse)
22/ Time is an American _____________ news magazine. (week)
23/ Dont be afraid of the dog. Hes _____________ (harm)
24/ Thank you for the books. They will be very ____________ for my
studies. (use)
25/ The children can play here. Its not ______________ (danger)
26/ Carbon dioxide occurs in the air in a ____________ form.
(nature)
27/ She was so surprised that she was unable to speak. She was
_____________ with surprise. (speech)
28/ Those berries are _____________ Dont eat them. (poison)
29/ You are grown up but you are still ______________ (child)
30/ No trees can grow on that soil. It is _______________ (tree)
31/ A ____________ statue stands in the middle of the pagoda. (life)
32/ The weather was excellent and we had an extremely _________
holiday. (enjoy)
33/ Many people still refuse to believe that smoking is
______________ (harm)
34/ As it was very ___________ all the trains were late. (fog)
35/ He likes reading _________________ novels. (history)
36/ It was a _____________ conclusion from the childs point of view.
(logic)
37/ Mr. and Mrs.Jones have been married for ten years. They have
no children. Theyre a __________ couple. (child)
38/ Clean air provides us a ____________ supply of oxegen. (health)
39/ He is always eady to give assistance to his friends. He is
_______ to them. (help)
40/ Everyone was very ____________ towards me. (friend)
41/ They were ___________ in winning the contract. (success)
42/ For the more _______________ tourists, there are trips into the
mountains with a local guide. (adventure)

[B] : CACH THANH LAP DANH T.

Formula
Verb+ER/ OR / ANT
Verb + ION / TION
Verb + MENT / AL
Verb + ING
Adj + NESS
Adj + TY
Adj + TH
Adj + DOM
Noun + IST / IAN
Noun + ISM
Noun + SHIP
Noun + HOOD

Nouns
Teacher, manager, driver, actor, director, attendant,
assistant
Action,
invention,
construction,
direction,
revolution, decision
Development, appointment, refusal, removal,
approval.
Swimming, teaching, jogging, training, building
Kindness, goodness, happiness, sadness, darkness,
ilness.
Safety, loyalty, cruelty, variety, ability, honesty.
Length, depth, width, truth, warmth, strength
Freedom, wisdom, boredom
Guitarist, novelist, violinist, musician, physician,
historian
Patriotism, capitalism, socialism, heroism
Friendship, leadership, scholarship, comradeship
Childhood,
brotherhood,
neighbourhood,
parenthood

[C]: CACH THANH LAP ONG T.


Formula
DIS + verb
Mis + verb
Out + verb
Over + verb
Re + verb
Under + verb
Adj + EN
EN + Adj / Noun
Noun / Adj + ISE / IZE

Verbs
Dislike, disagree,discharge, disinvest, dislocate
Misunderstand, misread, mislead
Outrun, outnumber, outweigh, outlive
Overact,
overpay,
overheat,
overturn,
overchange
Rewrite, reread, retell, recall
Undercharge, underdevelop, underdo, underline,
undersign
Weaken, sharpen, tighten, loosen, shorten,
foften
enrich, enable, enlarge, encourage, endanger
Sympathise, economise, socialize, memorize,
industrialize

[2]:Fill in the blanks with correct form of the word provided.


1. Film makers always try to show viewers the different life styles
and interesting ________ aspects of many countries in the world.
(culture)
2. Women nowadays have more ________ to participate in social
activities. (free)
3. Hoang Le Nhat Thong Chi is a ________ novel. (history).
4. He has a ________ for English novels. (prefer)
5. SAI GON GIAI PHONG is published seven days a week. It is a
_____ newspaper. (day)

6. If you burn the garbage, it will give off ________ odour. (poison)
7. Some children have to suffer from life time ________ (abnormal)
8. He is ________ active in spite of his old age. (wonder)
9. The company is very efficient and gives a ________ service.
(speed)
10. When did ________ come to the village ? (electric)
11. She has a very busy ________ life. (society)
12. The plane arrived ________ after a violent storm. (safe)
13. Their study is getting on ________ (satisfy)
14. This company offered a lot of ________ jobs. (attract)
15. These snakes will not cause you any serious harm even if they
bite you. They are ________ (harm)
16. He was ________ right when he said that the man was guilty.
(reason)
17. She looks ________ beautiful. (surpise)
18. They were ________ when they read the result. (disappoint)
19. He has no ________ of leaving the city. (intend)
20. I feel ________ in this book. (interest)
21. Johns ________ improved at his new school. (behave)
21. Ill give you further ________ (explain)
22. This is a ________ of a previous talk. (repeat)
23. Much ________ work requires a good knowledge of
mathematics. (science)
24. Movies have ________ dress fashions. (broad)
25. Our grandmother didnt work outside the home when she was
young. She only did her _____ task. (tradition)
26. His ________ to retire surprised us all. (decide)
27. You should be ________ to tell them exactly what you think.
(decide)
28. Many people find it ________ to advertise. (waste)
29. The guests were ________ welcomed. (cordial)
30. He looks thin, but ________ he is very healthy, (actual)
31. This man led a ________ happy life. (complete)
32. He did some old jobs at home ________ (disappoint)
33. The new job ________ him. (disappoint)
34. Nitric oxide is ________ harmful. It acts as a poison, which may
cause death or injury if taken into the body. (high)
35. He was ________ in his job. (succeed)
36. The house was ________ with people. (crowd)
37. He is unhappy because of his ________ (deaf)

38. The government wants to ________ this training centre.


(military)
39. We found out the ________ about him. (true)
40. I am ________ grateful to you for your help. (true)
41. I dont think the food is very good, but it is ________ (tolerate)
42. Theyve got a ________ result. (satisfy)
43. Carbon dioxide occurs in the air in ________ form. (nature)
44. Children are ________ to overcome problems. (determine)
45. They got the ________ of being successful in life. (satisfy)
46. He is young man with great ________ (expect)
47. I like your new ________ machine. (calculate)
48. May I borrow your ________ ? (calculate)
49. The industrial ________ will lead to the countrys prosperity.
(develop)
50. We must make ________ for our old age saving money.
(provide)
51. Im ________ sorry for the delay. (extreme)
52. Its ________ kind of you. (awful)
53. The doctor told me to ________ in slowly. (breath)
54. It is often useful make a ________ between two things.
(compare)
55. She has been worn down by ________ and illness. (poor)
56. Our pupils are raising money for the ________ (poor)
57. This is the greatest scientific ________ of the decade. (achieve)
58. Mary was ________ with long and difficult exercises. (bore)
59. I enjoy the football match. It was quite ________ (excite)
60. He has great ________ in God. (believe)
61. Violence is not the best ________ to an argument. (solve)
62. Not long ago, I was introduced to famous ________ (art)
63. The ________ of his wife was a great blow to him. (lose)
64. Toys are necessary for the mental ________ of children. (grow)
65. It is ________ to have short hair nowadays. (fashion)
66. The planets of our ________ system are Mercury, Venus, Earth,
Mars, Jupiters, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. (sun)
67. Your rice field is more ________ than ours. (produce)
68. An ________ man has stolen all our money. (know)
69. In some places, the weather changes so quickly that its very
_______ (predict)
70. They all passed their exams without the slightest ________
(difficult)