You are on page 1of 41

Chemical eqiulibrium

No

Questions

If one mole of gaseous hydrogen is mixed with one mole of gaseous


iodine in an empty container then with the passage of time

( )

Rate of forward reaction increases

( )

Rate of both forward and reverse


reaction remains unaffected

( )

Rate of reverse reaction decreases

( )

Rate of forward reaction decreases

Equilibrium constant expression for the reaction P4(s) + 6Cl2(g)<----->4PCl3(l) is


( )

Kc=[PCl3]^4/[P4][Cl2]^6

( )

Kc=[P4[Cl2]^6/[PCl3]^4

( )

Kc=1/[Cl2]^6

( )

Kc=[Cl2]^6

For a gaseous eqiulibrium all of the following combinations are


incorrect except
( )

When dn=0, Kp>Kc

( )

When delta n = positive, Kp<Kc

( )

When dn = negative, Kp<Kc

( )

When dn=negative, Kp<or equal to


Kc

Consider the eqiulibrium N2(g) + 3H2(g)<------>2NH3(g). For this


eqiulibrium
( )

Kp<Kc

( )

Kp>Kc

( )

Kp<or equal to Kc

( )

Kp=Kc

Kp=Kc for
( )

2NOBr(g)<---->2NO(g) + Br2(g)

( )

N2(g) + 3H2(g)<------>2NH3(g)

Help
Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

10

( )

CO(g) + H2O(g)<------>CO2(g) +
H2(g)

( )

2SO2(g) + O2(g)<------->2SO3(g)

Kp<Kc for all of the following equilibria except for


( )

2NO(g) + Br2(g)<------>2NOBr(g)

( )

N2(g) + 3H2(g)<------>2NH3(g)

( )

N2O4(g)<----->2NO2(g)

( )

2SO2(g) + O2(g)<----->2SO3(g)

To obtain maximum quantity of ammonia by Haber process N2(g) +


3H2(g)<------->2NH3(g) the best option is the
( )

Addition of air to the reaction mixture

( )

Addition of hydrogen to the reaction


mixture

( )

Removal of ammonia from the


reaction mixture

( )

Addition of air and removal of


ammonia

If "a" mol/L of sulphur dioxide are mixed with "b" mol/L of oxygen in
an empty container to produce sulfur trioxide according to the
reaction 2SO2(g) + O2(g)<------>2SO3(g), then at equilibrium
( )

Kc=(2x)/(a-2x)^2(b-x)

( )

Kc=(2x)^2/(a-2x)(b-x)

( )

Kx=(2x)^2/(a-x)^2(b-x)

( )

Kc=(2x)^2/(a-2x)^2(b-x)

All of the following equilibria are affected by pressure change except


( )

2SO2(g) + O2(g)<---->2SO3(g)

( )

H2(g) + I2(g)<---->2HI(g)

( )

N2(g) + 3H2(g)<------>2NH3(g)

( )

N2O4(g)<---->2NO2(g)

Low pressure will increase the yield of the product in the equilibrium
( )

2SO2(g) + O2(g)<------>2SO3(g)

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

11

12

13

14

( )

H2(g) + I2(g)<------->2HI(g)

( )

N2(g) + 3H2(g)<------>2NH3(g)

( )

N2O4(g)<---->2NO2(g)

Low temperature will favour the formation of the product in all of the
following equilibria except
( )

2SO2(g) + O2(g)<------>2SO3(g)

( )

N2(g) + 3H2(g)<------>2NH3(g)

( )

N2(g) + O2(g)<------>2NO(g)

( )

CO(g) + H2O(g)<------>CO2(g) +
H2(g)

Addition of air will increase the yield of the product in all of the
following equilibria except in
( )

2NO(g)<------->N2(g) + O2(g)

( )

N2(g) + 3H2(g)<------>2NH3(g)

( )

2SO2(g) + O2(g)<------>2SO3(g)

( )

2H2S(g) + 3O2<------->2H2O(g) +
2SO2(g)

Consider equilibrium N2(g) + O2(g)<------->2NO(g). equilibrium


constant for this reaction is 1x10^-30. The value of the equilibrium
constant shows that
( )

Conditions for the reaction are not


suitable

( )

Reactants are unstable at room


temperature

( )

Reaction occurs to a considerable


extent at the given conditions

( )

High pressure is required for the


reaction

pH value of two solutions A and B are 3 and 5 respectively. The


values of pH shows that
( )

Solution B is 100 times more acidic


that solution A

( )

Solution A is 10 times more acidic


than solution B

( )

Solution A is 2 times more acidic than


solution B

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

( )

15

16

All of the following are the examples of buffers except


( )

CH3COOH + CH3COONa

( )

NaHCO3 + H2CO3

( )

NaH2PO4 + H3PO4

( )

HCl + KCl

If solubility of AgCl in its aqueous solution is "x" mol/L then


( )
( )

17

18

Solution A is 100 times more acidic


than solution B
Single Answer

Single Answer

x = Ksp
Ksp = squareroot(x)

( )

x= (Ksp)^2

( )

x= squareroot(Ksp)

If the following reaction were at equilibrium in a closed vessel at a


controlled temperature, what would be the effect of addding more H2
to the reaction vessel and permitting the reaction to approach
equilibrium again?
CO(g) + H2O(g)<------->CO2(g) + H2(g)
( )

The concentrations of CO, H2O and


H2 would all decrease

( )

The concentrations of CO, H2O and


H2 would all increase

( )

The concentrations of CO and H2O


would increase and the concentration
of CO2 would decrease

( )

The concentrations of CO and H2O


would decrease and the concentration
of CO2 would increase

At 200C, nitrogen oxide reacts with oxygen to form nitrogen dioxide


as 2NO + O2<---->2NO2, Kc=3x10^6. In a mixture of the three
species at equilibrium, we can accurately predict that
( )

Concentrations of both NO and O2 will


be much larger than the
concentration of NO2

( )

The concentrations of both NO and O2


will be much smaller than that of NO2

( )

The contration of either NO and O2


(and possibly both) will be much
smaller than that of NO2

( )

The concentration of O2 will be


exactly one half the concentration of

Single Answer

Single Answer

NO
19

20

21

22

At 200C, nitrogen oxide reacts with oxygen to form nitrogen dioxide:


2NO + O2<------>2NO2, Kc=3x10^6. If a mixture of these three gases
contains 0.10 M NO, 0.10 M NO2 and 0.01 M O2 then we can
acuurately predict that the reaction
( )

Is at equilibrium

( )

Is not at equilibrium and must


proceed from left to right to reach
equilibrium

( )

Is not at equilibrium and must


proceed from right to left to reach
equilibrium

( )

Is not at equilibrium but isufficient


information to predict which direction
the reaction must go to reach
equilibrium

A cylinder contains an unknown gas "X". When the cylinder is heated


a reddish brown colour develops. It means that the gas present in the
cylinger was
( )

NO2

( )

N2O

( )

N2O5

( )

N2O4

Consider the reaction N2 + 3H2<---->2NH3. The initial concentration


of N2, H2 and NH3 are [N2]=a,[H2]=b, [NH3]=0. When the equilibrium
is reached, the concentration of H2 will be
( )

b+3x

( )

b-3x

( )

b-2x

( )

b-x

Consider the equilibria at room temperature: 2Cl<----->Cl2;


Kc=1x10^38. 2NO<----->N2 + O2; Kc=1x10^30. Value of Kc for both
reactions shows that
( )

NO is stable while Cl2 is unstable

( )

Cl2 is stable while NO is unstable

( )

Both Cl2 and NO are stable

( )

Both Cl2 and NO are unstable

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

23

24

25

26

27

Ammonia is produced by Haber's process. N2 + 3H2<----->2NH3. In


order to increase the production of commercial ammonia
( )

Pressure on the equilibrium mixture


should be decreased

( )

H2 should be added to the mixture

( )

Pure N2 should be added to the


mixture

( )

Air should be added to the mixture

Which of these reaction(s) should be favoured in forward direction by


high pressure?
[ ]

N2 + 3H2<----->2NH3

[ ]

2SO2 + O2<------>2SO3

[ ]

H2 + I2<------>2HI

[ ]

PCl5<------->PCl + Cl2

A beaker contains a saturated solution of potassium perchlorate.


When potassium chloride (KCl) is added to this solution, some of the
potassium perchlorate is precipitated. It means that
( )

KClO4 is a strong electrolyte than KCl

( )

Solubility of KClO4 is greater than that


of KCl

( )

Booth KClO4 and KCl are soluble in


water to some extent

( )

KCl is a strong electrolyte as compred


with KClO4

In salt analysis 3rd group basic radicals (Al3+, Fe3+ etc) are detected
by adding NH4Cl to the salt solution and then NH4OH. 3rd group basic
radicals are precipitated as hydroxide. In this process
( )

NH4OH will ionize to a lesser extent in


presence of NH4Cl

( )

NH4Cl will precipitate

( )

NH4Cl will react with NH4OH

( )

Al3+ will precipitate as AlCl3

The equilibrium mixture: CO(g) + H2O(g)<----->CO2(g) + H2(g)


contains initially 5 moles of CO(g) and 2 moles of H2O(g). The volume
of the container is 1 L. At equilibrium 0.5 moles of H2O(g) are

Single Answer

Multiple
Answers

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

present. The value of Kc for reaction will be

28

29

30

31

32

( )

3.047

( )

2.33

( )

0.02

( )

1.28

Consider reactions: N2 + O2<------> 2NO; Kc=4, NO<---->1/2N2 + 1/2


O2; Kc=?
( )

( )

( )

( )

0.5

Equilibrium constant expression can be applied to


( )

An aqueous solution of sucrose

( )

An aqeous solution of table salt

( )

An aqueous solution of fructose

( )

A solution of petrol in kerosene

A buffer solution of acetic acid and sodium acetate contains


( )

CH2COOH, Ch3COONa

( )

CH3COO-, H3O+, Na+

( )

CH3COO-, H3O+, CH3COONa

( )

CH3COOH, CH3COO-, H3O+, Na+

Incorrect statement among the following is


( )

The value of base dissociation


constant is low for strong bases

( )

The value of acid dissociation


constant is high for weak acids

( )

pKa is the logrithm of the reciprocal


of Ka value

( )

The value of pKb is low for weak


bases

Which of the following is an example of reversible reaction


( )

2Na(s) + 2H2O(l)------>2NaOH(aq) +

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

H2(g) [room temperature]

33

34

35

36

( )

2H2(g) + O2(g)------->2H2O(l)
[electric spark]

( )

N2(g) + 3H2(g)------>2NH3(g) [ Fe
catalyst]

( )

CaCO3(g)-------->CaO(s) + CO2(g)
[heat]

The equilibrium H2(g) + I2(g)<------->2HI(g) [450C] is dynamic and not


static can be decided on the basis
( )

At equilibrium there is no further


change in the concentration of HI

( )

At equilibrium concentration of I2
remmains constant

( )

At equilibrium concentration of H2
remains unaltered

( )

At equilibrium the rate of formation of


HI is equal to the rate of
decomposition of HI

The rate at which the reaction proceeds is directly proportional to the


product of the active masses of the reactants is according to
( )

Law of mass action

( )

Le Chateliers principle

( )

Equilibrium law

( )

Laww of constant proportion

When rate of forward reaction is equal to the rate of backward


reaction, then the equilibrium established is called
( )

Chemical equilibrium

( )

Static equilibrium

( )

Dynamic equilibrium

( )

None of these

The rate at which a substance reacts, is directly proportional to its


active mass and the rate of a reaction is directly proportional to the
product of the active masses of reacting substances is called
( )

Law of conservation of energy

( )

Le-Chateliers principle

( )

Law of mass action

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

( )
37

None of these

Reaction that proceeds on both sides and never go to completion is


called

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

38

Chemical equilibrium involving reactants and products in more than


one phase is called

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

39

40

41

The equilibrium constant Kc for the reaction 2HF(g)<----->H2(g) +


F2(g) at 2000 C is 10^13. This shows that
( )

HF is stable and does not decompose


even at 2000 C

( )

HF is stable and slowly decompose at


2000 C

( )

HF is strong acid

( )

HF produces equal moles of hydrogen


and fluorine

For which system does the equilibrium constant , Kc has units of


(concentration)^-1?
( )

N2 + 3H2<------->2NH3

( )

H2 + I2<---->2HI

( )

2NO2<---->N2O4

( )

2HF<---->H2 + F2

Which statement about the equilibrium:[ 2SO2(g) + O2 (g)<------>2SO3(g); dH=-188.3 kJ/mol ] is correct?
( )

The value of Kp falls with a rise in


temperature

( )

The value of Kp falls with increasing


pressure

( )

Adding V2O5 catalyst increase the

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

equilibrium yield of surfur trioxide


( )
42

43

44

45

46

The value of Kp is equal to Kc

The pH of 10^-3 mol/dm3 of an aqueous solution of H2SO4 is


( )

3.0

( )

2.7

( )

2.0

( )

1.5

The solubility of AgCl is 2.0x10^-10 mol^2/dm^6. The maximum


concentration of Ag + ions in the solution is
( )

2.0x10^-10 mol/dm3

( )

1.41x10^-5 mol/dm3

( )

1.0x10^-10 mol/dm3

( )

4.0x10^-20 mol/dm3

Hydrogen gas and iodine vapours combine to form HI at 425C, the


same composition of mixture is present if we start with
decomposition of HI. It suggests
( )

A static equilibrium

( )

Law of mass action

( )

A dynamic equilibrium

( )

Irreversible reaction

In a reversible reaction N2(g) + 3H2(g)<------> 2NH3(g) if the


concentration of substances are in mole/dm3, then its Kc has the unit
( )

Moles-2/dm6

( )

No units

( )

Mole/dm3

( )

Mole-1 dm-3

Which one of the following has no units of its Kc value


( )

2SO2 + O2<------->2SO3

( )

N2 +3H2<----->2NH3

( )

2HI<------->H2 + I2

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

( )
47

48

49

50

51

PCl5<----->PCl3 + Cl2

Law of mass action states that the rate of chemical reaction is


directly proportional to the product of active masses of the reactants.
The term active mass means
( )

Mass in grams converted to products

( )

Number of moles

( )

Number of moles per dm3 of


reactants

( )

Total pressures of reactants

An excess of aqueous silver nitrate is added to aqueous barium


chloride and precipitate is removed by filtration. What are the main
ions in the filtrate?
( )

Ag+ and NO3- only

( )

Ag+ and Ba^2+ and NO3-

( )

Ba^2+ and NO3- only

( )

Ba^2+ and NO3- and Cl

The relationship Kp and Kc for a gaseous reaction is Kp=Kc(RT)^dn.


The value of Kp and Kc are same when
( )

Reaction occurs at STP

( )

Reaction is exothermic

( )

Reaction is endothermic

( )

Number of moles of products and


reactants are same

In the relationship Kp=Kx(P)^dn the Kx is the equilibrium constant


when the concentrations of substances are taken in
( )

Moles/dm3

( )

Partial pressures

( )

Number of moles

( )

Mole fractions

Kc is related with Kp as
( )

Kp=Kc(P)^dn

( )

Kp=Kc(P/N)^dn

( )

Kp=Kc(RT)^dn

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

( )
52

53

54

55

56

Kc=Kp(P/N)^dn

The value of Kp is greater that Kc for a gaseous reaction when


( )

Number of moles of products is


greater than the reactants

( )

Number of moles of reactants is


greater than those of products

( )

Number of molecules of reactants and


products equal

( )

Catalyst is used

There is little concentration of H2 and F2 formed from reaction


2HF<-----> H2 + F2 although temperature is increased to 2000 C
because
( )

Kc=10^-13

( )

Temperature is high

( )

H-F bond is highly polarized

( )

HF is a strong acid

Aqueous solution of BiCl3 is cloudy due to formation of BiOCl due to


the reaction BiCl3 + H2O<---->BiOCl + HCl. This turbidity is destroyed
if
( )

Temperature is increased

( )

Pressure is increased

( )

HCl is added

( )

HCl is removed

N2 + 3H2<---->2NH3 is a reversible reaction for the industrial


synthesis of NH3. The concentration of NH3 becomes constant at
equilibrium. Concentration of NH3 is increased in industry by applying
( )

Le-Chatliers principle

( )

Only adding catalyst

( )

Decreasing pressure

( )

Decreasing temperature

Kc for the reaction CH3COOH + C2H5OH<---->CH3COOC2H5 + H2O is


4 at room temperature. If initial concentration of CH3COOH is 1 mole
per dm3, then its concentration at equilibrium is

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

57

58

59

60

61

( )

4 mol/dm3

( )

2 mol/dm3

( )

0.33 mol/dm3

( )

0.67 mol/dm3

For a general reaction aA + bB<--->cC + dD if ([c]^c[D]^d)/


[A]^a[B]^b >Kc then in which direction the reaction will move to
attain the equilibrium?
( )

Forward

( )

Backward

( )

Already in equilibrium

( )

Kc is never less

The optimum conditions of temperature and pressure to get


maximum NH3 from N2 and H2 gases is
( )

200C and 10 atm

( )

0C and 1 atm

( )

400 C and 200-300 atm

( )

200 C and 100 atm

Le Chatelier's principle is applied on the reversible reactions in order


to
( )

Determine the rate of reaction

( )

Predict the direction of reaction

( )

Determine the extent of reaction

( )

Find the best conditions for favourable


shifting the position of equilibrium

Kc for the reaction 2SO2 + O2<----->2SO3 is 4x^2V/(a-2x)(b-x) when a


and b are initial concentration of SO2 and O2 and x is the equilibrium
concentration of SO3, the increase in pressure will
( )

Shift reaction towards forward


direction

( )

Shift reaction backward

( )

Lower the value of Kc

( )

No change in reaction

KI dissolves in water KI(s)<------>KI(aq) and absorbs heat so

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

62

63

64

65

66

( )

Decrase in tempereature favour more


dissolution of the salt

( )

Increase in temperature favour more


dissolution of the salt

( )

Lowering pressure favour more


dissolution of the salt

( )

Increasing pressure favour more


dissolution of the salt

In the CO(g) + H2O(g)<---->CO2(g) + H2(g), dH=-41.84 kJ/mol,


according to Le Chateliers principle the reaction favours the forward
direction by
( )

Decreasing temperature

( )

Increasing temperature

( )

Increasing pressure

( )

Decreasing pressure

Maximum yield of SO3 gas is at 400-500 C although Kc is large at low


temperature for the reaction 2SO2 + O2<------>2SO3, dH=-97.9
kJ/mol. Maximum SO3 in industry is obtained using V2O5 catalyst at
( )

450 C

( )

250 C

( )

850 C

( )

1000 C

The ionic product of H+ ions and OH- in water is called ionization


constant of water Kw. The value of Kw at 25 C is
( )

0.11x10^-14

( )

0.30x10^-14

( )

1.0x10^-14

( )

3x10^-14

An aqueous solution of H2SO4 is 10^-13 mol/dm3, its pH is


( )

3.0

( )

2.7

( )

2.0

( )

1.5

An aqueous solution has pH=0, its H+ ion concentration is

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

67

68

69

70

71

( )

1x10^-14

( )

1x10^14

( )

1x10^1

( )

A solution of NaOH has pH=13, then concentration of NaOH is


( )

10^-13 M

( )

10^13 M

( )

10^-1 M

( )

10^1 M

Acetic acid is 1.33% ionized. In 1000 molecules of 0.1 M acetic acid


the number of H+ ions is
( )

1.33

( )

13.3

( )

.33

( )

In 1000 molecules of 0.001 M acetic acid the number of H+ ions is


12.6, then its percentage of ionization is
( )

1.33%

( )

1.26%

( )

12.6%

( )

1%

Ka value( the ionization constant) of HF acid is 6.7x10^-5 the acid is a


( )

Weak acid

( )

Moderately strong acid

( )

Strong acid

( )

Very weak acid

When a weak acid is dissolved in water or a weak base is dissolved in


water, then in both cases the conjugate acid base pair is produced.
The ionization constants Ka and Kb of a pair are related with each
other as
( )

Ka=Kb

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

72

73

74

75

76

( )

Ka.Kb=Kw

( )

Ka.Kw=Kb

( )

Kb.Kw=Ka

On passing HCl gas through a saturated solutions of commercial


sodium chloride, pure crystals of NaCl are precipitated due to
( )

Increase in pH of the solution

( )

Decrease in pH of the solution

( )

Common ion effect

( )

Increase in ionization of NaCl

Kb for NH4OH is 1.81x10^-5, then Ka value of its congugate base is


( )

1.81x10^5

( )

1.81x10^9

( )

5.5x10^-9

( )

5.5x10^-10

The solubillity of KClO3 salt in water is decreased by adding


( )

NaClO3

( )

NaCl

( )

KClO4

( )

KCl

When solid NH4Cl is added to the saturated solution of NH4OH, it


causes
( )

Increase in concentration of NH4+


ions

( )

Increase in concentration of OH- ions

( )

Decrease in concentration of OH- ions


(decrease in ionization of NH4OH)

( )

Increases the evolution of NH3 gas

Dissociation of H2S in water into ions is suppressed by addition of HCl


because
( )

H2S is weak acid than HCl

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

77

78

79

80

81

( )

H2S is strong acid than HCl

( )

HCl reacts chemically with H2S

( )

Size of H2S smallar than HCl

0.1 M HCl has pH=1.0, it is about 100 times stronger than acetic acid.
Then pH of acetic acid will be
( )

0.1

( )

2.0

( )

1.3

( )

3.0

If the difference of pKa values of the two acids is 2 then


( )

Acid with smaller pKa is 10 tines


stronger acid

( )

Acid with greater pKa is 10 times


stronger acid

( )

Acid with smaller pKa is 100 times


stronger acid

( )

Acid with greater pKa is 100 times


stronger aid

Whenever a weak base is dissolved in water, it gives its cojugate acid.


Similarly a weak acid in water produces its conjugate base. This
conjugate acid-base pair concept is stated by
( )

Law of mass action

( )

Le-chateliers principle

( )

Common ion effect

( )

Lowery Bronsted concept

A solution having pH=4 its OH- ion concentration in mol/dm3 is


( )

1.0x10^-4

( )

1.0x10^-10

( )

1.0x10^-14

( )

1x0^0

A solution having pOH=6 its H+ ion concentration in mol/dm3 is


( )

1.0x10^-8

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

82

83

84

85

86

( )

1.0x10^-6

( )

1.0x10^-7

( )

1x10^1

Addition of solid naHCO3 in water causes ionization of NaHCO3, its


Ka=4.7x10^-1. Then this solution has character
( )

Acidic

( )

Very weakly basic

( )

Alkaline

( )

Neutral

Kb value of NH4OH is 1.81x10^-5 and its conjugate acid has


Ka=5.7x10^-10. pKb of the base is 4.74, pKa of its conjugate acid is
( )

-4.74

( )

4.74

( )

10

( )

9.26

pH and pKa of the buffers are related by Henderson equation which


is
( )

pH=pKa

( )

pH+pKa=14

( )

pH=pKa+log([salt]/[acid])

( )

pH=pKa-lod([salt]/[acid])

The best buffer is prepared when molar concentrations of the salt and
acid are equal, then its pH and pKa value are related
( )

pH=pKa

( )

pH<pKa

( )

pH>pKa

( )

pHxpKa=14

pH of the buffer CH3COOH + CH3COONa is 3.76. If the mixture


contains 1 molar acetic acid and 0.1 molar sodium acetate, then pKa
of this buffer is
( )

3.76

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

87

88

89

90

91

( )

4.76

( )

5.76

( )

6.76

pKb value of NH4OH is 4.74. If the concentration of NH4OH is 1 molar


containing 0.1 molar NH4Cl, then pH of this buffer will be
( )

3.74

( )

10.26

( )

4.47

( )

9.26

pH of 1 molar NaOH is
( )

( )

( )

14

( )

10

pH of water is 7, if 0.01 M NaOH is added, then its pH is


( )

12

( )

14

( )

( )

10

A buffer of a 0.09 molar acetic acid and 0.11 molar sodium acetate
has pH=4.83. If 0.01 mole NaOH in 1dm3 of the buffer solution is
added, then pH of the buffer becomes
( )

4.74

( )

4.92

( )

5.0

( )

4.0

pH of 0.1 molar HCl solution is


( )

( )

( )

13

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

( )
92

93

94

95

96

14

If pH of buffer of 1 mole/dm3 of HCOOH + 0.1 mole/dm3 HCOONa


having pKa=3.78 is
( )

1.78

( )

2.78

( )

3.78

( )

4.78

A buffer solution of 0.1 malar HCOOH and 0.1 molar HCOONa has
pH=3.78. To it 0.01 molar HCl is added, then pH of the buffer solution
becomes
( )

2.78

( )

4.78

( )

3.78

( )

3.70

pH of the human blood which is essentially maintained constant due


to carbonates, bicaronates, phosphates etc., is
( )

7.00

( )

7.25

( )

7.35

( )

7.45

pH of 0.1 molar CH3COOH when it is 1.3% ionized is


( )

2.89

( )

4.44

( )

4.74

( )

4.92

Product of concentration of ions raised to power equal to the


coefficient of ions in balanced equation for saturated solution of a
salt is called
( )

Ionic product

( )

Equilibrium constant Kc

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

97

98

99

100

101

( )

Kw

( )

Solubility product Ksp

The solubility product og AgCl is 2.0x10^-10 moles^2/dm^6. The


maximum concentration of Ag+ ions in the solution is
( )

2.0x10^-10 mole/dm3

( )

1.41x10^-5 mol/dm3

( )

1.0x10^-10 mol/dm3

( )

4.0x10^-20 mol/dm3

Ksp value for PbSO4=1.8x10^-8 mole2/dm6.The maximum


concentration of Pb++ ion is
( )

1.34x10^-4 mol/dm3

( )

1.8x10^-4

( )

3.6x10^-16 mol/dm3

( )

1.0x10^-8 mol/dm3

The solubility of PbF2 is 2.6x10^-3 mol/dm3, then its solubility


product is
( )

2.6x10^-3

( )

6.76x10^-6

( )

5.2x10^-6

( )

7.0x10^-8

The solubility product of Ca(OH)2 is 6.5x10^-6. The concentration of


OH- ions is
( )

1.175x10^-2

( )

2.35x10^-2

( )

3.25x10^-3

( )

3.25x10^-4

Ksp for BaF2 is 1.35x10^-5, the concentration of Ba++ ions is


( )

2.38x10^-2

( )

4.76x10^-2

( )

4.76x10^-4

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

( )
102

103

104

105

106

107

7.2-10^-3

The solubility of CaF2 is 2.0x10^-4 g/dm3, then Ksp of CaF2 is


( )

4.0x10^-8

( )

3.2x10^-11

( )

2.0x10^-8

( )

4.0x10^-12

Which of the following has smalllest solubility product?


( )

Al(OH)3

( )

Ca(OH)2

( )

Mg(OH)2

( )

Fe(OH)3

Which one of the following has higher Ksp?


( )

CaCO3

( )

BaCO3

( )

BaSO4

( )

MgCO3

Which of the following is least soluble in water?


( )

AgCl

( )

AgBr

( )

AgI

( )

CH3COOAg

Which one of the following aqueous solutions has the highest pH


( )

0.1 M NaOH

( )

0.1 M HCl

( )

0.2 M H2SO4

( )

0.1 M HNO3

Which one of the following aqueous solutions has the lowest pH?
( )

0.1 M NaOH

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

108

109

110

111

112

( )

0.1 M KOH

( )

0.1 M HCl

( )

0.1 M Ba(OH)2

The equilibrium constant can be used to predict


( )

The direct of a reaction

( )

The extent of a reaction

( )

The effect of changing conditions

( )

All these

Concentration of reactants and products at the state of equilibrium is


called
( )

Final concentration

( )

Initial concentration

( )

Normal concentration

( )

Equilibrium concentration

For the reaction 4A + B-------->2C + 2D. Which of the following


statement is not correct/
( )

The rate of disappearance of B is one


fourth the rate of disappearance of A

( )

The rate of appearance of C is one


half of the rate of disappearance of A

( )

The rate of disappearance of C is one


half the rate of consumption of A

( )

The rate of formation of C and D are


equal

Considering the reaction 2SO2 + O2------->2SO3, dH=-ve, the yield of


SO3 will be maximum if
( )

Temperature iss increased, pressure is


kept constant

( )

Temperature is reduced, pressure


increased

( )

Temperature and pressure are both


increased

( )

Temperature and pressure are both


decreased

PCl5(g)<--------->PCl3(g) + Cl2(g); dH=+ve. The concentration of Cl2

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

at equilibrium will be increased by

113

114

115

116

117

( )

Lowering temperature

( )

Adding PCl3 to the mixture

( )

Adding PCl5 to the mixture

( )

Increasing the pressure

For the reaction H2(g) + I2(g)<------>2HI(g). The equilibrium constant


changes with
( )

Catalyst

( )

Total amout of H2 and I2

( )

Temperature

( )

Total pressure

The ionization of NH4OH is suppressed by adding


( )

NaCl

( )

HCl

( )

NH4OH

( )

NH4Cl

The formation of NO2 at equilibrium in the reaction 2NO + O2<------>2NO2 + heat should be favoured by
( )

High temperature, high pressure

( )

Low temperature, ow pressure

( )

Low temperature, high pressure

( )

High temperature

The concentration of HI, H2 and I2 at equilibrium in the reaction H2 +


I2<-------->2HI are 10, 5, 5 mol/L respectively. The value of equilibrium
constant is
( )

( )

10

( )

100

( )

The dynamic equilibrium is the state of a reversible chemical reaction


at which the rate of reverse reaction at the given conditions of

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

temperature and pressure and rate of forward reaction are

118

119

120

121

122

( )

Equal

( )

Less

( )

More

( )

Changes constantly

The energy required in addition to average energy of reactants to


convert them into products is called
( )

Enthalpy function

( )

Heat of reaction

( )

Effective energy

( )

Activation energy

The value of Kc
( )

Does not change with the increase in


temperature

( )

Changes with change of temperature

( )

Does not change with the decrease in


temperature

( )

None of these

Solubility product
( )

Is not for sparingly soluble ionic


compounds

( )

Is for sparingly soluble ionic


compounds

( )

Is useful for soluble ionic compounds

( )

None of these

When the system H2(g) + Cl2(g)<------>2HCl(g) is in equilibrium at


400 C at 1 atm, the value of Kp is 10. What will be the value of Kp at 2
atm at 400C?
( )

40

( )

20

( )

10

( )

Consider reaction A(aq) + B(aq)<------>2C(aq) + D(aq). In a certain

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

mixture, the equilibrium concentrations of B is 10 mol/L. What will be


the new equilibrium concentration of B if 5 mol of pure B is added to
the mixture?

123

124

125

126

( )

15 mol/L

( )

Between 10 to 15 mol/L

( )

Between 5 to 10 mol/L

( )

5 mol/L

Why is ethanoic acid a stronger acid in liquid ammonia than in water?


( )

Ethanoic acid molecules form H-bond


with water

( )

Ethanoate ions form H-bond in water

( )

Ethanoic acid is more soluble in


ammonia than in water

( )

Ammonia is a stronger base than


water

The value of Kc for a reaction at equilibrium at T C


( )

Depends upon initial concentrations

( )

Depends upon equilibrium


concentrations of products and
reactants

( )

Is not characteristic of the reaction

( )

Depends upon initial concentrations of


reactants only

In reaction N2O4<---->2NO2 temperature remaining the same,


removal of N2O4 will cause
( )

The reaction rate to increase in the


backward direction

( )

The reaction rate to increase in


forward direction

( )

No change in either reaction rate

( )

Increase in both the reaction rates

What is meant by a very large Kc value?


( )

Very small amount of reactants have


changed into products

( )

Almost 50% reactants have changed


into products

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

127

128

129

130

131

( )

Almost all the reactants have changed


into products

( )

Concentration of reactants have not


changed during reaction

In water only a small number of molecules of weak electrolytes are


( )

Dissolved

( )

Ionized

( )

Precipitated

( )

Unionized

With which of the following Kc vaues, reaction goes further to


complete
( )

10^5

( )

10^25

( )

10^0.5

( )

10^1/2

At 500K the equilibrium constant for reaction cis-C2H2Cl2<----->trans-C2H2Cl2 is 0.6. At the same temperature, the equilibrium
constant for the reaction trans-C2H2Cl2<---->cis-C2H2Cl2 will be
( )

0.60

( )

1.67

( )

0.66

( )

2.6

In a reversible chemical reaction having two reactants in equilibrium,


if the concentration of the reactants are doubled then the equilibrium
constant will
( )

Also be doubled

( )

Be halved

( )

Becomes one fourth

( )

Remains the same

A chemical reaction A<----->B is said to be at equilibrium when


( )

Complete conversion of A to B has


taken place

( )

Conversion of A to B is only 50%

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

complete

132

133

134

135

( )

Only 10% conversion of A to B has


taken place

( )

The rate of transformation of A to B is


just equal to rate of transformation of
B to A

For the reaction 2A(g) + B(g)<----->3C(g) + D(g) two moles each of A


and B were taken into a flask. The following must always be true
when the system attained equilibrium
( )

[A]=[B]

( )

[A]<[B]

( )

[B]=[C]

( )

[A]>[B]

In a chemical reaction N2 + 3H2<----->2NH3 at equilibrium point


( )

Equal volumes of N2 and H2 are


reacting

( )

Equal masses of N2 and H2 are


reacting

( )

The reaction has stopped

( )

The same amount of ammonia is


formed as is decomposition into N2
and H2

According to Le-Chatelier's principle, adding heat to a solid and liquid


in equilibrium will cause
( )

Amount od solid to decrease

( )

Amount of liquid to decrease

( )

Temperature to rice

( )

Temperature to fall

Which of the following factors will favour the reverse reaction in a


chemical equilibrium?
( )

Increase in concentration of one of


the reactants

( )

Increase in the concentration of one


of the products

( )

Removal of one of the products


regularly

( )

None of these

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

136

137

138

139

140

The active mass of 64g of HI in two litre flask would be


( )

( )

( )

( )

0.25

Two moles of HI was heated in a sealed tube at 440 C till the


equilibrium was reached. HI was found to be 22% decomposed. The
equilibrium constant for dissociation is
( )

0.282

( )

0.0796

( )

0.0199

( )

1.99

4 moles of A are mixed with 4 moles of B, when 2 moles of C are


formed at equilibrium according to the reaction A+B<------>C+D. The
value of equilibrium constant is
( )

( )

( )

1/2

( )

1/4

For a reaction H2 + I2<------->2HI at 721 K, the value of equilibrium


constant is 50. If 0.5 moles each of H2 and I2 is added to the system
the value of equilibrium constant will be
( )

0.02

( )

0.2

( )

50

( )

25

The factor which changes equilibrium constant of the reactio A2(g) +


B2(g)<----->2AB(g) is
( )

Total pressure

( )

Amounts of A2 and B2

( )

Temperature

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

( )
141

142

143

144

145

Catalyst

At certain temperature, 50% of HI is dissociated into H2 and I2, the


equilibrium constant is
( )

1.0

( )

3.0

( )

0.5

( )

0.25

1.1 mol of A is mixed with 2.2 mol of B and the mixture is kept in one
litre flask till the equilibrium is reached. At equilibrium, 0.2 mol of C
is formed. If the equilibrium reaction is A + 2B<----->2C +D, the value
of equilibrium constant is
( )

0.002

( )

0.004

( )

0.001

( )

0.003

The equilibrium constant Kp for the reaction PCl5(g)<----->PCl3(g)


+Cl2(g) is 16. If the volume of the container is reduced to half of its
original volume, the value of Kp for the reaction at the same
temperature will be
( )

32

( )

64

( )

16

( )

In a reaction A+2B<----->2C, 2.0 moles of "A" 3 moles of 'B' and 2


moles of 'C' are placed in a 2 L flask and the equilibrium
concentration of 'C' is 0.5 mol/L. The equilibrium constant for the
reaction is
( )

0.073

( )

0.147

( )

0.05

( )

0.026

The concentration of reactants is increased by x, then the equilibrium

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

constant K becomes
( )

146

147

148

149

lnK/x

( )

K/x

( )

K+x

( )

A chemical reaction A<----->B is said to be at equilibrium when


( )

Complete conversion of A to B has


taken place

( )

Conversion of A to B is only 50%


complete

( )

Only 10% conversion of A to B has


taken place

( )

The rate of transformation of A to B is


just equal to rate of transformation of
B to A in the system

For the reaction 2A(g) + B(g) <----->3C(g) + D(g) two moles each of A
and B were taken into a flask. The following must always be true
when the system attained equilibrium
( )

[A]=[B]

( )

[A]<[B]

( )

[B]=[C]

( )

[A]>[B]

In a chemical reaction N2+3H2<----->2NH3 at equilibrium point


( )

Equal volumes of N2 and H2 are


reacting

( )

Equal masses of N2 and H2 are


reacting

( )

The reaction has stopped

( )

The same amount of ammonia is


formed as is decomposed into N2 and
H2

The active mass of 64g of HI in a two litre flask would be


( )

( )

( )

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

( )
150

151

152

153

154

0.25

Two moles of HI was heated in a sealed tube at 440 C till the


equilibrium was reached. HI found to be 22% decomposed. The
equilibrium constant for dissociation is
( )

0.282

( )

0.0796

( )

0.0199

( )

1.99

The state of equilibrium refers to


( )

State of rest

( )

Dynamic state

( )

Stationary state

( )

State of inertness

4 moles of A are mixed with 4 moles of B, when 2 moles of C are


formed at equilibrium according to the reaction A+B<---->C+D. The
value of equilibrium constant is
( )

( )

( )

1/2

( )

1/4

For a reaction H2+I2<---->2HI at 721 K, the value of equilibrium


constant is 50. If 0.5 moles each of H2 and I2 is added to the system
the value of equilibrium constant will be
( )

0.02

( )

0.2

( )

50

( )

25

In which of the following cases , the reaction goes farthest to


completion
( )

K=10^3

( )

K=10^-2

( )

K=10

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

( )
155

156

157

158

159

K=10^0

In an exothermic reaction, a 10 degree rise in temperature will


( )

Decrease the value of equilibrium


constant

( )

Double the value of Kc

( )

Not produce any change in Kc

( )

Produce some increase in Kc

The factor which changes equilibrium constant of the reaction A2(g)


+B2(g)<---->2AB(g) is
( )

Total pressure

( )

Amounts of A2 and B2

( )

Temperature

( )

Catalyst

At constant temperature, 50% of HI is dissociated into H2 and I2 the


equilibrium constant is
( )

1.0

( )

3.0

( )

0.5

( )

0.25

1.1 mol of A is mixed with 2.2 mol of B and the mixture is kept in one
litre flask till the equilibrium is reached. At equilibrium 0.2mol of C is
formed. If the equilibrium reaction is A+2B<--->2C+D, the equilibrium
constant is
( )

0.002

( )

0.004

( )

0.001

( )

0.003

The equilibrium constant Kp for the reaction PCl5(g)<---->PCl3(g) +


Cl2(g) is 16. If the volume of the container is reduced to half of its
original volume, the value of Kp for the reaction at the same
temperature will be
( )

32

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

160

161

162

( )

64

( )

16

( )

In a reaction A+2B<---->2C, 2.0 moles of A 3 moles of B and 2.0 moles


of C are placed in a 2.0L flask and the equilibrium oncentration of C is
0.5 mol/L. The equilibrium constant for the reaction is
( )

0.073

( )

0.147

( )

0.05

( )

0.026

In a reversible reaction, two substances are in equilibrium. If the


concentration of each one is reduced to half, the equilibrium constant
will be
( )

Reduced to half of it original value

( )

Doubled

( )

Same

( )

Reduced to one fourth its original


value

The concentration of reactants is increased by x, then equilibrium


constant K becomes
( )

163

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

lnK/x

( )

K/x

( )

K+x

( )

In a reaction A+B<---->C+D, the initial concentrations of A and B were


0.9 mol/dm3 each. At equilibrium the concentration of D was found to
be 0.6 mol/dm3. What is the value of equilibrium constant for the
reaction?
( )

( )

( )

( )

Single Answer

164

165

166

167

168

For the reaction PCL5(g)<---->PCl3(g)+Cl2(g) the forward reaction at


constant temperature is favoured by
( )

Introduction of an inert gas at


constant volume

( )

Introduction of PCl3(g) a constant


volume

( )

Introduction of PCl5(g) at constant


volume

( )

Introduction of Cl2(g) at constant


volume

4.5 moles each of hydrogen and iodine heated in a sealed ten litre
vessel. At equilibrium 3 moles of HI were found. The eqiulibrium
constant for H2(g)+I2(g)<----->2HI(g) is
( )

( )

10

( )

( )

0.33

3 moles of A and one mole of B are mixed in a vessel of volume 1L.


The reaction taking place is A+B<---->2C. If 1.5 mol of C is formed at
equilibrium, the value of Kc is
( )

0.12

( )

0.50

( )

0.25

( )

4.00

For the reaction 2HI<--->H2+I2


( )

Kp>Kc

( )

Kc>Kp

( )

Kp=Kc

( )

None of these

A gas bulb is filled with NO2 gas and immersed in an ice bath at 0 C
which becomes colourless after sometime. This colourless gas will be
( )

NO2

( )

N2O

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

169

170

171

172

173

( )

N2O4

( )

N2O5

When H2 and I2 are mixed and equilibrium is attained, then


( )

Amount of HI formed is equal to the


amount of H2 dissociated

( )

HI dissociation stops

( )

The reaction stops completely

( )

None of these

1 mole of hydrogen and 2 moles of iodine are taken initially in a 2L


vessel. The number of moles of hydrogen at equilibrium is 0.2. Then
the number of moles of iodine and hyfrogeniodide ar equilibrium are
( )

1.2,1.6

( )

1.8,1.0

( )

0.4,2.4

( )

0.8,2.0

1 mole of N2 and 2 moles of H2 are alloqed to react in a 1dm3 vessel.


At equilibrium 0.8 moles of NH3 is formed. The concentration of H2 in
the vessel is
( )

0.6 mole

( )

0.8 mole

( )

0.2 mole

( )

0.4 mole

The rate of forward reaction is two times that of the reverse reaction
at a given temperature and identical concentration, K equilibrium is
( )

0.5

( )

1.5

( )

2.5

( )

2.0

For a reaction if Kp>Kc, the forward reaction is favoured by (T>15 K)


( )

High temperature

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

174

175

176

177

( )

Low temperature

( )

Low pressure

( )

High pressure

In a lime kiln, to get higher yield of CO2, the measure that can be
taken is
( )

To maintain high temperature

( )

To pump out CO2

( )

To remove CaO

( )

To add more CaCO3

Which of the following is a characteristic of a reversible reaction?


( )

It never proceeds to completion

( )

It can be influenced by a catalyst

( )

It proceeds only forward direction

( )

Number of moles of reactants and


products are equal

Ammonium carbonate when heated to 200 C gives a mixture of NH3


and CO2 vapour with a density of 13.0. What is the degree of
dissociation of ammonia carbonate?
( )

3/2

( )

1/2

( )

( )

A quantity of PCl5 was heated in a 10 L vessel at 525 K. PCl5(g)<------>PCl3(g)+Cl2(g). At equilibrium the vessel contains 0.10 mol of PCl5,
0.2 mol of PCl3 and 0.2 mol of Cl2. The equilibrium constant for the
reaction is

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

178

For the reaction, C(s)+CO2(g)<-------->2CO(g), the partial pressure of


CO2 and CO are 2.0 and 4.0 atm at equilibrium. The Kp for the
reaction is

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

179

180

181

182

183

Which will not change conc. of ammonia at equilibrium?


( )

Increase in P

( )

Increase in V

( )

Decrease in T

( )

Addition of catalyst

In which of the following equilibria will Kc and Kp have the same


value?
( )

PCl5<----->PCl3+Cl2

( )

N2+3H2<----->2NH3

( )

2CO+O2<------>CO2

( )

N2+O2<------->2NO

Which of the following gaseous equilibria, the equilibrium will shift to


the right if total pressure is increased
( )

N2+3H2<---->2NH3

( )

N2O4<----->2NO2

( )

H2+Cl2<------>2HCl

( )

N2O4<---->2NO2

Which of the following is not favourable for the formation of SO3?


2SO2(g)+O2(g); dH=-188 kJ
( )

High pressure

( )

High temperature

( )

Decreasing [SO3]

( )

Increasing [SO2]

The value of standard free energy for a reaction having K=1 would be

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

184

At 90 degree Celsius water has [H3O+] = 10^-6 mol/L. What is the


value of Kw at 90 degree Celsius

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

185

pH of an aqueous solution is 5.5. The hydroxyl ion conc. in the


solution would be

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

186

Ksp for a substance XY is 10^-2 mol^2/L^2. Molecular mass of the


substance is 100. Its solubility would be (in g/L)

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

187

188

189

Which of the following is not a Lewis base?


( )

CH3-

( )

AlCl3

( )

R-OH

( )

RNH2

Which one of the following is not amphipratic


( )

HSO4-

( )

HCO3-

( )

H2PO4-

( )

HCOO-

The ionic product of water changes when

Single Answer

Single Answer

Single Answer

190

( )

An acid is added to it

( )

A base is added to it

( )

Either a base or an acid is added to it

( )

Temperature is raised

The conjugate base of HCO3- is

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

191

The conjugate acid of HSO3- is

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

192

pH of 0.005 M aqueous solution of H2SO4 is nearly

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

193

194

The compoudn that is not a Lewis acid is


( )

BF3

( )

AlCl3

( )

NF3

( )

SnCl4

If Ka=10^-5 for a weak acid, then pKb for its conjugate base would be

___________________________________

Single Answer

Fill In the
Blank

195

196

197

Which of the following equimolar solutions can act as an acidic buffer


( )

NH4Cl and NH4OH

( )

HCl and NaCl

( )

HCOOH and HCOONa

( )

HNO3 and NH4NO3

Which of the following has highest pH


( )

Distilled water

( )

1 M NH3

( )

1 M NaOH

( )

Water saturated with chlorine

Solubility of Fe(OH)3 is x mol/L. Its Ksp would be ( in terms of x)

Single Answer

Single Answer

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

198

Ksp of sparingly soluble salt Ag2CrO4 is 4 x 10^-12. The solubility of


the salt is (in mol/L)

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

199

PH of a solution is 4. The [OH-] of the solution is (in mol/L)

___________________________________

Fill In the
Blank