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# Chemical eqiulibrium

No

Questions

## If one mole of gaseous hydrogen is mixed with one mole of gaseous

iodine in an empty container then with the passage of time

( )

( )

## Rate of both forward and reverse

reaction remains unaffected

( )

( )

## Equilibrium constant expression for the reaction P4(s) + 6Cl2(g)<----->4PCl3(l) is

( )

Kc=[PCl3]^4/[P4][Cl2]^6

( )

Kc=[P4[Cl2]^6/[PCl3]^4

( )

Kc=1/[Cl2]^6

( )

Kc=[Cl2]^6

incorrect except
( )

( )

( )

( )

Kc

## Consider the eqiulibrium N2(g) + 3H2(g)<------>2NH3(g). For this

eqiulibrium
( )

Kp<Kc

( )

Kp>Kc

( )

Kp<or equal to Kc

( )

Kp=Kc

Kp=Kc for
( )

2NOBr(g)<---->2NO(g) + Br2(g)

( )

N2(g) + 3H2(g)<------>2NH3(g)

Help

10

( )

CO(g) + H2O(g)<------>CO2(g) +
H2(g)

( )

2SO2(g) + O2(g)<------->2SO3(g)

## Kp<Kc for all of the following equilibria except for

( )

2NO(g) + Br2(g)<------>2NOBr(g)

( )

N2(g) + 3H2(g)<------>2NH3(g)

( )

N2O4(g)<----->2NO2(g)

( )

2SO2(g) + O2(g)<----->2SO3(g)

## To obtain maximum quantity of ammonia by Haber process N2(g) +

3H2(g)<------->2NH3(g) the best option is the
( )

( )

mixture

( )

reaction mixture

( )

## Addition of air and removal of

ammonia

If "a" mol/L of sulphur dioxide are mixed with "b" mol/L of oxygen in
an empty container to produce sulfur trioxide according to the
reaction 2SO2(g) + O2(g)<------>2SO3(g), then at equilibrium
( )

Kc=(2x)/(a-2x)^2(b-x)

( )

Kc=(2x)^2/(a-2x)(b-x)

( )

Kx=(2x)^2/(a-x)^2(b-x)

( )

Kc=(2x)^2/(a-2x)^2(b-x)

## All of the following equilibria are affected by pressure change except

( )

2SO2(g) + O2(g)<---->2SO3(g)

( )

H2(g) + I2(g)<---->2HI(g)

( )

N2(g) + 3H2(g)<------>2NH3(g)

( )

N2O4(g)<---->2NO2(g)

Low pressure will increase the yield of the product in the equilibrium
( )

2SO2(g) + O2(g)<------>2SO3(g)

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14

( )

H2(g) + I2(g)<------->2HI(g)

( )

N2(g) + 3H2(g)<------>2NH3(g)

( )

N2O4(g)<---->2NO2(g)

Low temperature will favour the formation of the product in all of the
following equilibria except
( )

2SO2(g) + O2(g)<------>2SO3(g)

( )

N2(g) + 3H2(g)<------>2NH3(g)

( )

N2(g) + O2(g)<------>2NO(g)

( )

CO(g) + H2O(g)<------>CO2(g) +
H2(g)

Addition of air will increase the yield of the product in all of the
following equilibria except in
( )

2NO(g)<------->N2(g) + O2(g)

( )

N2(g) + 3H2(g)<------>2NH3(g)

( )

2SO2(g) + O2(g)<------>2SO3(g)

( )

2H2S(g) + 3O2<------->2H2O(g) +
2SO2(g)

## Consider equilibrium N2(g) + O2(g)<------->2NO(g). equilibrium

constant for this reaction is 1x10^-30. The value of the equilibrium
constant shows that
( )

suitable

( )

temperature

( )

## Reaction occurs to a considerable

extent at the given conditions

( )

reaction

## pH value of two solutions A and B are 3 and 5 respectively. The

values of pH shows that
( )

that solution A

( )

than solution B

( )

solution B

( )

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16

## All of the following are the examples of buffers except

( )

CH3COOH + CH3COONa

( )

NaHCO3 + H2CO3

( )

NaH2PO4 + H3PO4

( )

HCl + KCl

( )
( )

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18

## Solution A is 100 times more acidic

than solution B

x = Ksp
Ksp = squareroot(x)

( )

x= (Ksp)^2

( )

x= squareroot(Ksp)

## If the following reaction were at equilibrium in a closed vessel at a

controlled temperature, what would be the effect of addding more H2
to the reaction vessel and permitting the reaction to approach
equilibrium again?
CO(g) + H2O(g)<------->CO2(g) + H2(g)
( )

## The concentrations of CO, H2O and

H2 would all decrease

( )

## The concentrations of CO, H2O and

H2 would all increase

( )

## The concentrations of CO and H2O

would increase and the concentration
of CO2 would decrease

( )

## The concentrations of CO and H2O

would decrease and the concentration
of CO2 would increase

## At 200C, nitrogen oxide reacts with oxygen to form nitrogen dioxide

as 2NO + O2<---->2NO2, Kc=3x10^6. In a mixture of the three
species at equilibrium, we can accurately predict that
( )

## Concentrations of both NO and O2 will

be much larger than the
concentration of NO2

( )

## The concentrations of both NO and O2

will be much smaller than that of NO2

( )

## The contration of either NO and O2

(and possibly both) will be much
smaller than that of NO2

( )

## The concentration of O2 will be

exactly one half the concentration of

NO
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22

## At 200C, nitrogen oxide reacts with oxygen to form nitrogen dioxide:

2NO + O2<------>2NO2, Kc=3x10^6. If a mixture of these three gases
contains 0.10 M NO, 0.10 M NO2 and 0.01 M O2 then we can
acuurately predict that the reaction
( )

Is at equilibrium

( )

## Is not at equilibrium and must

proceed from left to right to reach
equilibrium

( )

## Is not at equilibrium and must

proceed from right to left to reach
equilibrium

( )

## Is not at equilibrium but isufficient

information to predict which direction
the reaction must go to reach
equilibrium

## A cylinder contains an unknown gas "X". When the cylinder is heated

a reddish brown colour develops. It means that the gas present in the
cylinger was
( )

NO2

( )

N2O

( )

N2O5

( )

N2O4

## Consider the reaction N2 + 3H2<---->2NH3. The initial concentration

of N2, H2 and NH3 are [N2]=a,[H2]=b, [NH3]=0. When the equilibrium
is reached, the concentration of H2 will be
( )

b+3x

( )

b-3x

( )

b-2x

( )

b-x

## Consider the equilibria at room temperature: 2Cl<----->Cl2;

Kc=1x10^38. 2NO<----->N2 + O2; Kc=1x10^30. Value of Kc for both
reactions shows that
( )

( )

( )

( )

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## Ammonia is produced by Haber's process. N2 + 3H2<----->2NH3. In

order to increase the production of commercial ammonia
( )

## Pressure on the equilibrium mixture

should be decreased

( )

( )

mixture

( )

## Which of these reaction(s) should be favoured in forward direction by

high pressure?
[ ]

N2 + 3H2<----->2NH3

[ ]

2SO2 + O2<------>2SO3

[ ]

H2 + I2<------>2HI

[ ]

PCl5<------->PCl + Cl2

## A beaker contains a saturated solution of potassium perchlorate.

When potassium chloride (KCl) is added to this solution, some of the
potassium perchlorate is precipitated. It means that
( )

( )

of KCl

( )

## Booth KClO4 and KCl are soluble in

water to some extent

( )

## KCl is a strong electrolyte as compred

with KClO4

In salt analysis 3rd group basic radicals (Al3+, Fe3+ etc) are detected
by adding NH4Cl to the salt solution and then NH4OH. 3rd group basic
radicals are precipitated as hydroxide. In this process
( )

## NH4OH will ionize to a lesser extent in

presence of NH4Cl

( )

( )

( )

## The equilibrium mixture: CO(g) + H2O(g)<----->CO2(g) + H2(g)

contains initially 5 moles of CO(g) and 2 moles of H2O(g). The volume
of the container is 1 L. At equilibrium 0.5 moles of H2O(g) are

Multiple

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30

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32

( )

3.047

( )

2.33

( )

0.02

( )

1.28

O2; Kc=?
( )

( )

( )

( )

0.5

( )

( )

( )

( )

## A buffer solution of acetic acid and sodium acetate contains

( )

CH2COOH, Ch3COONa

( )

( )

( )

( )

## The value of base dissociation

constant is low for strong bases

( )

## The value of acid dissociation

constant is high for weak acids

( )

of Ka value

( )

bases

## Which of the following is an example of reversible reaction

( )

2Na(s) + 2H2O(l)------>2NaOH(aq) +

## H2(g) [room temperature]

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34

35

36

( )

2H2(g) + O2(g)------->2H2O(l)
[electric spark]

( )

N2(g) + 3H2(g)------>2NH3(g) [ Fe
catalyst]

( )

CaCO3(g)-------->CaO(s) + CO2(g)
[heat]

## The equilibrium H2(g) + I2(g)<------->2HI(g) [450C] is dynamic and not

static can be decided on the basis
( )

## At equilibrium there is no further

change in the concentration of HI

( )

At equilibrium concentration of I2
remmains constant

( )

At equilibrium concentration of H2
remains unaltered

( )

## At equilibrium the rate of formation of

HI is equal to the rate of
decomposition of HI

## The rate at which the reaction proceeds is directly proportional to the

product of the active masses of the reactants is according to
( )

## Law of mass action

( )

Le Chateliers principle

( )

Equilibrium law

( )

## When rate of forward reaction is equal to the rate of backward

reaction, then the equilibrium established is called
( )

Chemical equilibrium

( )

Static equilibrium

( )

Dynamic equilibrium

( )

None of these

## The rate at which a substance reacts, is directly proportional to its

active mass and the rate of a reaction is directly proportional to the
product of the active masses of reacting substances is called
( )

## Law of conservation of energy

( )

Le-Chateliers principle

( )

( )
37

None of these

## Reaction that proceeds on both sides and never go to completion is

called

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

38

## Chemical equilibrium involving reactants and products in more than

one phase is called

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

39

40

41

## The equilibrium constant Kc for the reaction 2HF(g)<----->H2(g) +

F2(g) at 2000 C is 10^13. This shows that
( )

even at 2000 C

( )

## HF is stable and slowly decompose at

2000 C

( )

HF is strong acid

( )

and fluorine

## For which system does the equilibrium constant , Kc has units of

(concentration)^-1?
( )

N2 + 3H2<------->2NH3

( )

H2 + I2<---->2HI

( )

2NO2<---->N2O4

( )

2HF<---->H2 + F2

Which statement about the equilibrium:[ 2SO2(g) + O2 (g)<------>2SO3(g); dH=-188.3 kJ/mol ] is correct?
( )

temperature

( )

pressure

( )

( )
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44

45

46

( )

3.0

( )

2.7

( )

2.0

( )

1.5

## The solubility of AgCl is 2.0x10^-10 mol^2/dm^6. The maximum

concentration of Ag + ions in the solution is
( )

2.0x10^-10 mol/dm3

( )

1.41x10^-5 mol/dm3

( )

1.0x10^-10 mol/dm3

( )

4.0x10^-20 mol/dm3

## Hydrogen gas and iodine vapours combine to form HI at 425C, the

decomposition of HI. It suggests
( )

A static equilibrium

( )

## Law of mass action

( )

A dynamic equilibrium

( )

Irreversible reaction

## In a reversible reaction N2(g) + 3H2(g)<------> 2NH3(g) if the

concentration of substances are in mole/dm3, then its Kc has the unit
( )

Moles-2/dm6

( )

No units

( )

Mole/dm3

( )

Mole-1 dm-3

## Which one of the following has no units of its Kc value

( )

2SO2 + O2<------->2SO3

( )

N2 +3H2<----->2NH3

( )

2HI<------->H2 + I2

( )
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51

PCl5<----->PCl3 + Cl2

## Law of mass action states that the rate of chemical reaction is

directly proportional to the product of active masses of the reactants.
The term active mass means
( )

( )

Number of moles

( )

reactants

( )

## An excess of aqueous silver nitrate is added to aqueous barium

chloride and precipitate is removed by filtration. What are the main
ions in the filtrate?
( )

( )

( )

( )

## The relationship Kp and Kc for a gaseous reaction is Kp=Kc(RT)^dn.

The value of Kp and Kc are same when
( )

## Reaction occurs at STP

( )

Reaction is exothermic

( )

Reaction is endothermic

( )

## Number of moles of products and

reactants are same

## In the relationship Kp=Kx(P)^dn the Kx is the equilibrium constant

when the concentrations of substances are taken in
( )

Moles/dm3

( )

Partial pressures

( )

Number of moles

( )

Mole fractions

Kc is related with Kp as
( )

Kp=Kc(P)^dn

( )

Kp=Kc(P/N)^dn

( )

Kp=Kc(RT)^dn

( )
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56

Kc=Kp(P/N)^dn

( )

## Number of moles of products is

greater than the reactants

( )

## Number of moles of reactants is

greater than those of products

( )

products equal

( )

Catalyst is used

## There is little concentration of H2 and F2 formed from reaction

2HF<-----> H2 + F2 although temperature is increased to 2000 C
because
( )

Kc=10^-13

( )

Temperature is high

( )

## H-F bond is highly polarized

( )

HF is a strong acid

## Aqueous solution of BiCl3 is cloudy due to formation of BiOCl due to

the reaction BiCl3 + H2O<---->BiOCl + HCl. This turbidity is destroyed
if
( )

Temperature is increased

( )

Pressure is increased

( )

( )

HCl is removed

## N2 + 3H2<---->2NH3 is a reversible reaction for the industrial

synthesis of NH3. The concentration of NH3 becomes constant at
equilibrium. Concentration of NH3 is increased in industry by applying
( )

Le-Chatliers principle

( )

( )

Decreasing pressure

( )

Decreasing temperature

## Kc for the reaction CH3COOH + C2H5OH<---->CH3COOC2H5 + H2O is

4 at room temperature. If initial concentration of CH3COOH is 1 mole
per dm3, then its concentration at equilibrium is

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( )

4 mol/dm3

( )

2 mol/dm3

( )

0.33 mol/dm3

( )

0.67 mol/dm3

## For a general reaction aA + bB<--->cC + dD if ([c]^c[D]^d)/

[A]^a[B]^b >Kc then in which direction the reaction will move to
attain the equilibrium?
( )

Forward

( )

Backward

( )

( )

Kc is never less

## The optimum conditions of temperature and pressure to get

maximum NH3 from N2 and H2 gases is
( )

( )

0C and 1 atm

( )

( )

to
( )

( )

( )

( )

## Find the best conditions for favourable

shifting the position of equilibrium

## Kc for the reaction 2SO2 + O2<----->2SO3 is 4x^2V/(a-2x)(b-x) when a

and b are initial concentration of SO2 and O2 and x is the equilibrium
concentration of SO3, the increase in pressure will
( )

direction

( )

( )

## Lower the value of Kc

( )

No change in reaction

62

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64

65

66

( )

## Decrase in tempereature favour more

dissolution of the salt

( )

## Increase in temperature favour more

dissolution of the salt

( )

## Lowering pressure favour more

dissolution of the salt

( )

## Increasing pressure favour more

dissolution of the salt

## In the CO(g) + H2O(g)<---->CO2(g) + H2(g), dH=-41.84 kJ/mol,

according to Le Chateliers principle the reaction favours the forward
direction by
( )

Decreasing temperature

( )

Increasing temperature

( )

Increasing pressure

( )

Decreasing pressure

## Maximum yield of SO3 gas is at 400-500 C although Kc is large at low

temperature for the reaction 2SO2 + O2<------>2SO3, dH=-97.9
kJ/mol. Maximum SO3 in industry is obtained using V2O5 catalyst at
( )

450 C

( )

250 C

( )

850 C

( )

1000 C

## The ionic product of H+ ions and OH- in water is called ionization

constant of water Kw. The value of Kw at 25 C is
( )

0.11x10^-14

( )

0.30x10^-14

( )

1.0x10^-14

( )

3x10^-14

( )

3.0

( )

2.7

( )

2.0

( )

1.5

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71

( )

1x10^-14

( )

1x10^14

( )

1x10^1

( )

( )

10^-13 M

( )

10^13 M

( )

10^-1 M

( )

10^1 M

## Acetic acid is 1.33% ionized. In 1000 molecules of 0.1 M acetic acid

the number of H+ ions is
( )

1.33

( )

13.3

( )

.33

( )

## In 1000 molecules of 0.001 M acetic acid the number of H+ ions is

12.6, then its percentage of ionization is
( )

1.33%

( )

1.26%

( )

12.6%

( )

1%

( )

Weak acid

( )

( )

Strong acid

( )

## When a weak acid is dissolved in water or a weak base is dissolved in

water, then in both cases the conjugate acid base pair is produced.
The ionization constants Ka and Kb of a pair are related with each
other as
( )

Ka=Kb

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76

( )

Ka.Kb=Kw

( )

Ka.Kw=Kb

( )

Kb.Kw=Ka

## On passing HCl gas through a saturated solutions of commercial

sodium chloride, pure crystals of NaCl are precipitated due to
( )

( )

( )

( )

( )

1.81x10^5

( )

1.81x10^9

( )

5.5x10^-9

( )

5.5x10^-10

( )

NaClO3

( )

NaCl

( )

KClO4

( )

KCl

causes
( )

ions

( )

( )

## Decrease in concentration of OH- ions

(decrease in ionization of NH4OH)

( )

because
( )

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81

( )

( )

( )

## Size of H2S smallar than HCl

0.1 M HCl has pH=1.0, it is about 100 times stronger than acetic acid.
Then pH of acetic acid will be
( )

0.1

( )

2.0

( )

1.3

( )

3.0

( )

stronger acid

( )

stronger acid

( )

stronger acid

( )

stronger aid

## Whenever a weak base is dissolved in water, it gives its cojugate acid.

Similarly a weak acid in water produces its conjugate base. This
conjugate acid-base pair concept is stated by
( )

## Law of mass action

( )

Le-chateliers principle

( )

( )

( )

1.0x10^-4

( )

1.0x10^-10

( )

1.0x10^-14

( )

1x0^0

( )

1.0x10^-8

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85

86

( )

1.0x10^-6

( )

1.0x10^-7

( )

1x10^1

## Addition of solid naHCO3 in water causes ionization of NaHCO3, its

Ka=4.7x10^-1. Then this solution has character
( )

Acidic

( )

( )

Alkaline

( )

Neutral

## Kb value of NH4OH is 1.81x10^-5 and its conjugate acid has

Ka=5.7x10^-10. pKb of the base is 4.74, pKa of its conjugate acid is
( )

-4.74

( )

4.74

( )

10

( )

9.26

## pH and pKa of the buffers are related by Henderson equation which

is
( )

pH=pKa

( )

pH+pKa=14

( )

pH=pKa+log([salt]/[acid])

( )

pH=pKa-lod([salt]/[acid])

The best buffer is prepared when molar concentrations of the salt and
acid are equal, then its pH and pKa value are related
( )

pH=pKa

( )

pH<pKa

( )

pH>pKa

( )

pHxpKa=14

## pH of the buffer CH3COOH + CH3COONa is 3.76. If the mixture

contains 1 molar acetic acid and 0.1 molar sodium acetate, then pKa
of this buffer is
( )

3.76

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88

89

90

91

( )

4.76

( )

5.76

( )

6.76

## pKb value of NH4OH is 4.74. If the concentration of NH4OH is 1 molar

containing 0.1 molar NH4Cl, then pH of this buffer will be
( )

3.74

( )

10.26

( )

4.47

( )

9.26

pH of 1 molar NaOH is
( )

( )

( )

14

( )

10

## pH of water is 7, if 0.01 M NaOH is added, then its pH is

( )

12

( )

14

( )

( )

10

A buffer of a 0.09 molar acetic acid and 0.11 molar sodium acetate
has pH=4.83. If 0.01 mole NaOH in 1dm3 of the buffer solution is
added, then pH of the buffer becomes
( )

4.74

( )

4.92

( )

5.0

( )

4.0

( )

( )

( )

13

( )
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93

94

95

96

14

## If pH of buffer of 1 mole/dm3 of HCOOH + 0.1 mole/dm3 HCOONa

having pKa=3.78 is
( )

1.78

( )

2.78

( )

3.78

( )

4.78

A buffer solution of 0.1 malar HCOOH and 0.1 molar HCOONa has
pH=3.78. To it 0.01 molar HCl is added, then pH of the buffer solution
becomes
( )

2.78

( )

4.78

( )

3.78

( )

3.70

## pH of the human blood which is essentially maintained constant due

to carbonates, bicaronates, phosphates etc., is
( )

7.00

( )

7.25

( )

7.35

( )

7.45

( )

2.89

( )

4.44

( )

4.74

( )

4.92

## Product of concentration of ions raised to power equal to the

coefficient of ions in balanced equation for saturated solution of a
salt is called
( )

Ionic product

( )

Equilibrium constant Kc

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100

101

( )

Kw

( )

## The solubility product og AgCl is 2.0x10^-10 moles^2/dm^6. The

maximum concentration of Ag+ ions in the solution is
( )

2.0x10^-10 mole/dm3

( )

1.41x10^-5 mol/dm3

( )

1.0x10^-10 mol/dm3

( )

4.0x10^-20 mol/dm3

## Ksp value for PbSO4=1.8x10^-8 mole2/dm6.The maximum

concentration of Pb++ ion is
( )

1.34x10^-4 mol/dm3

( )

1.8x10^-4

( )

3.6x10^-16 mol/dm3

( )

1.0x10^-8 mol/dm3

product is
( )

2.6x10^-3

( )

6.76x10^-6

( )

5.2x10^-6

( )

7.0x10^-8

OH- ions is
( )

1.175x10^-2

( )

2.35x10^-2

( )

3.25x10^-3

( )

3.25x10^-4

( )

2.38x10^-2

( )

4.76x10^-2

( )

4.76x10^-4

( )
102

103

104

105

106

107

7.2-10^-3

( )

4.0x10^-8

( )

3.2x10^-11

( )

2.0x10^-8

( )

4.0x10^-12

( )

Al(OH)3

( )

Ca(OH)2

( )

Mg(OH)2

( )

Fe(OH)3

( )

CaCO3

( )

BaCO3

( )

BaSO4

( )

MgCO3

( )

AgCl

( )

AgBr

( )

AgI

( )

CH3COOAg

## Which one of the following aqueous solutions has the highest pH

( )

0.1 M NaOH

( )

0.1 M HCl

( )

0.2 M H2SO4

( )

0.1 M HNO3

Which one of the following aqueous solutions has the lowest pH?
( )

0.1 M NaOH

108

109

110

111

112

( )

0.1 M KOH

( )

0.1 M HCl

( )

0.1 M Ba(OH)2

( )

( )

( )

( )

All these

## Concentration of reactants and products at the state of equilibrium is

called
( )

Final concentration

( )

Initial concentration

( )

Normal concentration

( )

Equilibrium concentration

## For the reaction 4A + B-------->2C + 2D. Which of the following

statement is not correct/
( )

## The rate of disappearance of B is one

fourth the rate of disappearance of A

( )

## The rate of appearance of C is one

half of the rate of disappearance of A

( )

## The rate of disappearance of C is one

half the rate of consumption of A

( )

equal

## Considering the reaction 2SO2 + O2------->2SO3, dH=-ve, the yield of

SO3 will be maximum if
( )

kept constant

( )

increased

( )

increased

( )

decreased

## at equilibrium will be increased by

113

114

115

116

117

( )

Lowering temperature

( )

( )

( )

changes with
( )

Catalyst

( )

( )

Temperature

( )

Total pressure

## The ionization of NH4OH is suppressed by adding

( )

NaCl

( )

HCl

( )

NH4OH

( )

NH4Cl

The formation of NO2 at equilibrium in the reaction 2NO + O2<------>2NO2 + heat should be favoured by
( )

( )

( )

( )

High temperature

## The concentration of HI, H2 and I2 at equilibrium in the reaction H2 +

I2<-------->2HI are 10, 5, 5 mol/L respectively. The value of equilibrium
constant is
( )

( )

10

( )

100

( )

## The dynamic equilibrium is the state of a reversible chemical reaction

at which the rate of reverse reaction at the given conditions of

## temperature and pressure and rate of forward reaction are

118

119

120

121

122

( )

Equal

( )

Less

( )

More

( )

Changes constantly

## The energy required in addition to average energy of reactants to

convert them into products is called
( )

Enthalpy function

( )

Heat of reaction

( )

Effective energy

( )

Activation energy

The value of Kc
( )

temperature

( )

( )

## Does not change with the decrease in

temperature

( )

None of these

Solubility product
( )

compounds

( )

compounds

( )

( )

None of these

## When the system H2(g) + Cl2(g)<------>2HCl(g) is in equilibrium at

400 C at 1 atm, the value of Kp is 10. What will be the value of Kp at 2
atm at 400C?
( )

40

( )

20

( )

10

( )

## mixture, the equilibrium concentrations of B is 10 mol/L. What will be

the new equilibrium concentration of B if 5 mol of pure B is added to
the mixture?

123

124

125

126

( )

15 mol/L

( )

Between 10 to 15 mol/L

( )

Between 5 to 10 mol/L

( )

5 mol/L

( )

with water

( )

( )

## Ethanoic acid is more soluble in

ammonia than in water

( )

water

( )

( )

## Depends upon equilibrium

concentrations of products and
reactants

( )

( )

reactants only

## In reaction N2O4<---->2NO2 temperature remaining the same,

removal of N2O4 will cause
( )

## The reaction rate to increase in the

backward direction

( )

## The reaction rate to increase in

forward direction

( )

( )

( )

## Very small amount of reactants have

changed into products

( )

into products

127

128

129

130

131

( )

into products

( )

## Concentration of reactants have not

changed during reaction

( )

Dissolved

( )

Ionized

( )

Precipitated

( )

Unionized

## With which of the following Kc vaues, reaction goes further to

complete
( )

10^5

( )

10^25

( )

10^0.5

( )

10^1/2

At 500K the equilibrium constant for reaction cis-C2H2Cl2<----->trans-C2H2Cl2 is 0.6. At the same temperature, the equilibrium
constant for the reaction trans-C2H2Cl2<---->cis-C2H2Cl2 will be
( )

0.60

( )

1.67

( )

0.66

( )

2.6

## In a reversible chemical reaction having two reactants in equilibrium,

if the concentration of the reactants are doubled then the equilibrium
constant will
( )

Also be doubled

( )

Be halved

( )

( )

( )

taken place

( )

complete

132

133

134

135

( )

taken place

( )

## The rate of transformation of A to B is

just equal to rate of transformation of
B to A

## For the reaction 2A(g) + B(g)<----->3C(g) + D(g) two moles each of A

and B were taken into a flask. The following must always be true
when the system attained equilibrium
( )

[A]=[B]

( )

[A]<[B]

( )

[B]=[C]

( )

[A]>[B]

( )

reacting

( )

reacting

( )

( )

## The same amount of ammonia is

formed as is decomposition into N2
and H2

## According to Le-Chatelier's principle, adding heat to a solid and liquid

in equilibrium will cause
( )

( )

## Amount of liquid to decrease

( )

Temperature to rice

( )

Temperature to fall

## Which of the following factors will favour the reverse reaction in a

chemical equilibrium?
( )

the reactants

( )

of the products

( )

regularly

( )

None of these

136

137

138

139

140

( )

( )

( )

( )

0.25

## Two moles of HI was heated in a sealed tube at 440 C till the

equilibrium was reached. HI was found to be 22% decomposed. The
equilibrium constant for dissociation is
( )

0.282

( )

0.0796

( )

0.0199

( )

1.99

## 4 moles of A are mixed with 4 moles of B, when 2 moles of C are

formed at equilibrium according to the reaction A+B<------>C+D. The
value of equilibrium constant is
( )

( )

( )

1/2

( )

1/4

## For a reaction H2 + I2<------->2HI at 721 K, the value of equilibrium

constant is 50. If 0.5 moles each of H2 and I2 is added to the system
the value of equilibrium constant will be
( )

0.02

( )

0.2

( )

50

( )

25

## The factor which changes equilibrium constant of the reactio A2(g) +

B2(g)<----->2AB(g) is
( )

Total pressure

( )

Amounts of A2 and B2

( )

Temperature

( )
141

142

143

144

145

Catalyst

## At certain temperature, 50% of HI is dissociated into H2 and I2, the

equilibrium constant is
( )

1.0

( )

3.0

( )

0.5

( )

0.25

1.1 mol of A is mixed with 2.2 mol of B and the mixture is kept in one
litre flask till the equilibrium is reached. At equilibrium, 0.2 mol of C
is formed. If the equilibrium reaction is A + 2B<----->2C +D, the value
of equilibrium constant is
( )

0.002

( )

0.004

( )

0.001

( )

0.003

## The equilibrium constant Kp for the reaction PCl5(g)<----->PCl3(g)

+Cl2(g) is 16. If the volume of the container is reduced to half of its
original volume, the value of Kp for the reaction at the same
temperature will be
( )

32

( )

64

( )

16

( )

## In a reaction A+2B<----->2C, 2.0 moles of "A" 3 moles of 'B' and 2

moles of 'C' are placed in a 2 L flask and the equilibrium
concentration of 'C' is 0.5 mol/L. The equilibrium constant for the
reaction is
( )

0.073

( )

0.147

( )

0.05

( )

0.026

## The concentration of reactants is increased by x, then the equilibrium

constant K becomes
( )

146

147

148

149

lnK/x

( )

K/x

( )

K+x

( )

( )

taken place

( )

complete

( )

taken place

( )

## The rate of transformation of A to B is

just equal to rate of transformation of
B to A in the system

For the reaction 2A(g) + B(g) <----->3C(g) + D(g) two moles each of A
and B were taken into a flask. The following must always be true
when the system attained equilibrium
( )

[A]=[B]

( )

[A]<[B]

( )

[B]=[C]

( )

[A]>[B]

( )

reacting

( )

reacting

( )

( )

## The same amount of ammonia is

formed as is decomposed into N2 and
H2

( )

( )

( )

( )
150

151

152

153

154

0.25

## Two moles of HI was heated in a sealed tube at 440 C till the

equilibrium was reached. HI found to be 22% decomposed. The
equilibrium constant for dissociation is
( )

0.282

( )

0.0796

( )

0.0199

( )

1.99

## The state of equilibrium refers to

( )

State of rest

( )

Dynamic state

( )

Stationary state

( )

State of inertness

## 4 moles of A are mixed with 4 moles of B, when 2 moles of C are

formed at equilibrium according to the reaction A+B<---->C+D. The
value of equilibrium constant is
( )

( )

( )

1/2

( )

1/4

## For a reaction H2+I2<---->2HI at 721 K, the value of equilibrium

constant is 50. If 0.5 moles each of H2 and I2 is added to the system
the value of equilibrium constant will be
( )

0.02

( )

0.2

( )

50

( )

25

completion
( )

K=10^3

( )

K=10^-2

( )

K=10

( )
155

156

157

158

159

K=10^0

( )

constant

( )

( )

( )

## The factor which changes equilibrium constant of the reaction A2(g)

+B2(g)<---->2AB(g) is
( )

Total pressure

( )

Amounts of A2 and B2

( )

Temperature

( )

Catalyst

## At constant temperature, 50% of HI is dissociated into H2 and I2 the

equilibrium constant is
( )

1.0

( )

3.0

( )

0.5

( )

0.25

1.1 mol of A is mixed with 2.2 mol of B and the mixture is kept in one
litre flask till the equilibrium is reached. At equilibrium 0.2mol of C is
formed. If the equilibrium reaction is A+2B<--->2C+D, the equilibrium
constant is
( )

0.002

( )

0.004

( )

0.001

( )

0.003

## The equilibrium constant Kp for the reaction PCl5(g)<---->PCl3(g) +

Cl2(g) is 16. If the volume of the container is reduced to half of its
original volume, the value of Kp for the reaction at the same
temperature will be
( )

32

160

161

162

( )

64

( )

16

( )

## In a reaction A+2B<---->2C, 2.0 moles of A 3 moles of B and 2.0 moles

of C are placed in a 2.0L flask and the equilibrium oncentration of C is
0.5 mol/L. The equilibrium constant for the reaction is
( )

0.073

( )

0.147

( )

0.05

( )

0.026

## In a reversible reaction, two substances are in equilibrium. If the

concentration of each one is reduced to half, the equilibrium constant
will be
( )

( )

Doubled

( )

Same

( )

value

## The concentration of reactants is increased by x, then equilibrium

constant K becomes
( )

163

lnK/x

( )

K/x

( )

K+x

( )

## In a reaction A+B<---->C+D, the initial concentrations of A and B were

0.9 mol/dm3 each. At equilibrium the concentration of D was found to
be 0.6 mol/dm3. What is the value of equilibrium constant for the
reaction?
( )

( )

( )

( )

164

165

166

167

168

## For the reaction PCL5(g)<---->PCl3(g)+Cl2(g) the forward reaction at

constant temperature is favoured by
( )

constant volume

( )

volume

( )

volume

( )

## Introduction of Cl2(g) at constant

volume

4.5 moles each of hydrogen and iodine heated in a sealed ten litre
vessel. At equilibrium 3 moles of HI were found. The eqiulibrium
constant for H2(g)+I2(g)<----->2HI(g) is
( )

( )

10

( )

( )

0.33

## 3 moles of A and one mole of B are mixed in a vessel of volume 1L.

The reaction taking place is A+B<---->2C. If 1.5 mol of C is formed at
equilibrium, the value of Kc is
( )

0.12

( )

0.50

( )

0.25

( )

4.00

## For the reaction 2HI<--->H2+I2

( )

Kp>Kc

( )

Kc>Kp

( )

Kp=Kc

( )

None of these

A gas bulb is filled with NO2 gas and immersed in an ice bath at 0 C
which becomes colourless after sometime. This colourless gas will be
( )

NO2

( )

N2O

169

170

171

172

173

( )

N2O4

( )

N2O5

( )

## Amount of HI formed is equal to the

amount of H2 dissociated

( )

HI dissociation stops

( )

( )

None of these

## 1 mole of hydrogen and 2 moles of iodine are taken initially in a 2L

vessel. The number of moles of hydrogen at equilibrium is 0.2. Then
the number of moles of iodine and hyfrogeniodide ar equilibrium are
( )

1.2,1.6

( )

1.8,1.0

( )

0.4,2.4

( )

0.8,2.0

## 1 mole of N2 and 2 moles of H2 are alloqed to react in a 1dm3 vessel.

At equilibrium 0.8 moles of NH3 is formed. The concentration of H2 in
the vessel is
( )

0.6 mole

( )

0.8 mole

( )

0.2 mole

( )

0.4 mole

The rate of forward reaction is two times that of the reverse reaction
at a given temperature and identical concentration, K equilibrium is
( )

0.5

( )

1.5

( )

2.5

( )

2.0

## For a reaction if Kp>Kc, the forward reaction is favoured by (T>15 K)

( )

High temperature

174

175

176

177

( )

Low temperature

( )

Low pressure

( )

High pressure

In a lime kiln, to get higher yield of CO2, the measure that can be
taken is
( )

( )

( )

To remove CaO

( )

( )

( )

( )

( )

## Number of moles of reactants and

products are equal

## Ammonium carbonate when heated to 200 C gives a mixture of NH3

and CO2 vapour with a density of 13.0. What is the degree of
dissociation of ammonia carbonate?
( )

3/2

( )

1/2

( )

( )

A quantity of PCl5 was heated in a 10 L vessel at 525 K. PCl5(g)<------>PCl3(g)+Cl2(g). At equilibrium the vessel contains 0.10 mol of PCl5,
0.2 mol of PCl3 and 0.2 mol of Cl2. The equilibrium constant for the
reaction is

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

178

## For the reaction, C(s)+CO2(g)<-------->2CO(g), the partial pressure of

CO2 and CO are 2.0 and 4.0 atm at equilibrium. The Kp for the
reaction is

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

179

180

181

182

183

( )

Increase in P

( )

Increase in V

( )

Decrease in T

( )

## In which of the following equilibria will Kc and Kp have the same

value?
( )

PCl5<----->PCl3+Cl2

( )

N2+3H2<----->2NH3

( )

2CO+O2<------>CO2

( )

N2+O2<------->2NO

## Which of the following gaseous equilibria, the equilibrium will shift to

the right if total pressure is increased
( )

N2+3H2<---->2NH3

( )

N2O4<----->2NO2

( )

H2+Cl2<------>2HCl

( )

N2O4<---->2NO2

## Which of the following is not favourable for the formation of SO3?

2SO2(g)+O2(g); dH=-188 kJ
( )

High pressure

( )

High temperature

( )

Decreasing [SO3]

( )

Increasing [SO2]

The value of standard free energy for a reaction having K=1 would be

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

184

## At 90 degree Celsius water has [H3O+] = 10^-6 mol/L. What is the

value of Kw at 90 degree Celsius

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

185

## pH of an aqueous solution is 5.5. The hydroxyl ion conc. in the

solution would be

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

186

## Ksp for a substance XY is 10^-2 mol^2/L^2. Molecular mass of the

substance is 100. Its solubility would be (in g/L)

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

187

188

189

( )

CH3-

( )

AlCl3

( )

R-OH

( )

RNH2

( )

HSO4-

( )

HCO3-

( )

H2PO4-

( )

HCOO-

## The ionic product of water changes when

190

( )

An acid is added to it

( )

A base is added to it

( )

## Either a base or an acid is added to it

( )

Temperature is raised

## The conjugate base of HCO3- is

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

191

## The conjugate acid of HSO3- is

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

192

## pH of 0.005 M aqueous solution of H2SO4 is nearly

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

193

194

## The compoudn that is not a Lewis acid is

( )

BF3

( )

AlCl3

( )

NF3

( )

SnCl4

If Ka=10^-5 for a weak acid, then pKb for its conjugate base would be

___________________________________

Fill In the
Blank

195

196

197

( )

( )

( )

( )

( )

Distilled water

( )

1 M NH3

( )

1 M NaOH

( )

## Solubility of Fe(OH)3 is x mol/L. Its Ksp would be ( in terms of x)

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

198

## Ksp of sparingly soluble salt Ag2CrO4 is 4 x 10^-12. The solubility of

the salt is (in mol/L)

Fill In the
Blank

___________________________________

199

## PH of a solution is 4. The [OH-] of the solution is (in mol/L)

___________________________________

Fill In the
Blank