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Sl. No.

Name

Designation

Vice Principal / HOS

1.

(PGT Maths)

2.

(PGT Maths)

3.

(PGT Maths)

MATHEMATICS

Units

No. of

Periods

Weightage

(Marks)

(i)

30

10

(ii)

Algebra

50

13

(iii)

Calculus

80

44

(iv)

30

17

(v)

Linear Programming

20

16

(vi)

Probability

30

Total :

240

100

1.

(15 Periods)

relations. Functions. One to one and onto functions, composite functions,

inverse of a function. Binary operations.

2.

(15Periods)

trigonometric functions. Elementary properties of inverse trigonometric

functions.

Unit II : ALGEBRA

1.

Matrices

(25 Periods)

[Class XII : Maths]

[2]

Addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication of matrices, simple

properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication. Noncommutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of non-zero

matrices whose product is the zero matrix (restrict to square matrices of

order 2). Concept of elementary row and column operations. Invertible

matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists; (Here all

matrices will have real entries).

2.

Determinants

(25 Periods)

determinants, minors, cofactors and applications of determinants in finding

the area of a triangle. adjoint and inverse of a square matrix. Consistency,

inconsistency and number of solutions of system of linear equations by

examples, solving system of linear equations in two or three variables

(having unique solution) using inverse of a matrix.

1.

(20 Periods)

derivatives of inverse trigonometric functions, derivative of implicit function.

Concept of exponential and logarithmic functions and their derivatives.

Logarithmic differentiation. Derivative of functions expressed in parametric

forms. Second order derivatives. Rolles and Lagranges mean Value

Theorems (without proof) and their geometric interpretations.

2.

Applications of Derivatives

(10 Periods)

decreasing functions, tangents and normals, use of derivatives in

approximation, maxima and minima (first derivative test motivated

geometrically and second derivative test given as a provable tool). Sample

problems (that illustrate basic principles and understanding of the subject

as well as real-life situations).

3.

Integrals

(20 Periods)

functions by substitution, by partial fractions and by parts, only simple

integrals of the type to be evaluated.

[3]

dx

x 2 a2 ,

px q

dx

2

x a

ax 2 bx c dx ,

dx

a x

px q

2

ax bx c

ax 2 bx c dx and

dx

dx

,

2

ax bx c

ax bx c

2

dx , a 2 x 2 dx ,

px q

x 2 a 2 dx ,

ax 2 bx c dx

(without proof). Basic properties of definite integrals and evaluation of

definite integrals.

4.

(15 Periods)

Applications in finding the area under simple curves, especially lines, area

of circles/parabolas/ellipses (in standard form only), area between any of

the two above said curves (the region should be clearly identifiable).

5.

Differential Equations

(15 Periods)

equation. Formation of differential equation whose general solution is given.

Solution of differential equations by method of separation of variables,

homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree. Solutions

of linear differential equation of the form:

dy

py q , where p and q are functions of x or constants

dx

dx

px q , where p and q are functions of y or constants

dy

1.

Vectors

(15 Periods)

and direction ratios of a vector. Types of vectors (equal, unit, zero, parallel

and collinear vectors), position vector of a point, negative of a vector,

components of a vector, addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by

a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio.

Definition, Geometrical Interpretation, properties and applications of scalar

(dot) product of vectors, vector (cross) product of vectors, scalar triple

product of vectors, projection of a vector on a line.

[Class XII : Maths]

[4]

2.

Three-Dimensional Geometry

(15 Periods)

Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two points. Cartesian

and vector equation of a line, coplanar and skew lines, shortest distance

between two lines. Cartesian and vector equation of a plane. Angle between

(i) two lines, (ii) two planes, (iii) a line and a plane. Distance of a point from

a plane.

(20 Periods)

1.

objective function, optimization. Different types of linear programming (L.P.)

problems, mathematical formulation of L.P. problems, graphical method of

solution for problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible regions,

feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (up to three

non-trivial constraints).

Unit VI : PROBABILITY

1.

Probability

(30 Periods)

events, total probability, Bayes theorem, Random variable and its probability

distribution, mean and variance of a random variable. Repeated independent

(Bernoulli) trials and Binomial distribution.

2013-14

2014-15

10

12

13

Total

29

26

[5]

Time : 3 hours

Sl.No.

Typology of Questions

Learning Outcomes

& Testing

Competencies

Reasoning

Analytical Skills

Critical thinking

Derivative

Marks

%

Weightage

20

20%

understand conceptually, interpret,

compare, contrast, explain,

paraphrase, information)

16

16%

information in concrete situation, to

apply knowledge to new situations;

Use given content to interpret a

situation, provide an example, or

solve a problem)

25

25%

(Analysis & Synthesis-classify,

compare, contrast, or differentiate

between different pieces of

information; Organise and/or

integrate unique pieces of

information from a variety of

sources)

21

21%

2+1

(values

based)

18

18%

100

100%

Simple recall questions, to know

specific facts, terms, concepts,

principles, or theories; Identify,

define, or recite, information)

*

*

*

*

Very

Long Long

Short Answer Answer

Answer

I

II

(1 M) (4 M) (6 M)

(Appraise, judge, and/or justify the

value or worth of a decision or

outcome, or to predict outcomes

based on values)

6

52

42

TOTAL

[6]

CONTENTS

S.No.

Chapter

Page

1.

2.

17

23

5.

39

6.

Applications of Derivatives

47

7.

Integrals

61

8.

Applications of Integrals

85

9.

Differential Equations

90

10.

Vectors

101

11.

Three-Dimensional Geometry

111

12.

Linear Programming

122

13.

Probability

127

Model Papers

141

[7]

[8]

CHAPTER 1

A B = {(a, b) : a A, b B}.

and number of relations = 2rs

(a, a) R a A

iff (a, b) R (b, a) R a, b, A

if (a, b) R, (b, c) R (a, c) R a, b, c R

relation iff it is reflexive, symmetric and transitive.

in A have distinct images in B. i.e. x1, x2 A such that x1 x2 f(x1)

f(x2).

OR

x1 = x2

One-one function is also called injective function.

[9]

Rf = B i.e. b B, there exists a A such that f(a) = b

called bijective function.

functions, then composition of f and g denoted by gof is a function from

A to C given by, (gof) (x) = g (f (x)) x A

Clearly gof is defined if Range of f domain of g. Similarly fog can be

defined.

If f : X Y is bijective function, then function g : Y X is said to be

inverse of f iff fog = Iy and gof = Ix

when Ix, Iy are identity functions.

1.

from A A A. * (a, b) is denoted by a * b.

a * b = b * a a, b A.

(a * b) * c a, b, c A

identity element iff a * e = e * a a A

of a A iff a * b = b * a = e

[10]

1.

are Universal, Empty or neither of the two.

R1 = {(a, b) : a, b are ages of students and |a b| 0}

R2 = {(a, b) : a, b are weights of students, and |a b| < 0}

R3 = {(a, b) : a, b are students studying in same class}

2.

R = {(a, b) : b = a + 1} reflexive?

3.

R = {(a, b) : a = b 3, b > 5},

then does element (5, 7) R?

4.

f = {(1, 2), (3, 5)}, g = {(1, 3), (2, 3), (5, 1)},

write gof.

5.

Let g, f : R R be defined by

g x

6.

If

x 2

, f x 3x 2. write fog x

3

f : R R defined by

f x

2x 1

5

x

x 1, write

x 1

7.

If f x

8.

(i)

fo f x .

a * b = a + b + ab, write 3 * 2

[11]

(ii)

9.

a*b

a b 2

3

, write 2 * 3 * 4.

formed?

10.

11.

12.

If f : R A, given by

f(x) = x2 2x + 2 is onto function, find set A.

13.

14.

If f : R R defined by f x

15.

16.

17.

18.

1 x

2x

, show that f

2f x .

If f x log

1 x

1 x 2

19.

x 1

, find (fof) (x)

2

ab

5

20.

the identity element in N if it exists.

21.

2x 3

7

(a)

f : R R , f (x )

(b)

f : R R, f(x) = |x + 1|

(c)

f : R {2} R, f x

3x 1

x 2

[12]

(d)

22.

a* b = H.C.F. of a and b. Write the operation table for the operation *.

23.

Let f : R

4

4

R

3

3

be a function given by f x

1

that f is invertible with f x

4x

w

. Show

3x 4

4x

.

4 3x

24.

R = {(a, b) : (a b) is divisible by 4}. Show that R is an equivalence

relation. Also, write all elements related to 4.

25.

3x 4

where

5x 7

7

3

A R , B R is invertible and hence find f 1.

5

5

26.

27.

(i)

(ii)

check * for commutativity and associativity.

28.

2a

b2

, then

(a, b) * (c, d) = (ac, bd).

(i)

(ii)

29.

the set N N is an equivalence relation.

30.

4

(i)

[13]

(ii)

a 1

31.

16

,

a

a Q 0 .

set of all non-zero positive real numbers.

1

is bijective where R+ is the

2x

32.

R (c, d) if ad = bc (a, b), (c, d), A A. Prove that R is an equivalence

relation. Also obtain the equivalence class [(3, 4)].

33.

* is commutative and associative. Find the identify element. Also show that

every element of R is invertible except 1.

34.

(gof) (x). Are they equal?

35.

36.

fog

1.

2

2

and gof .

3

3

R1 : is universal relation.

R2 : is empty relation.

R3 : is neither universal nor empty.

2.

3.

(5, 7) R

4.

5.

(fog)(x) = x x R

[14]

1

, find f 1 x .

x

5x 1

2

6.

f 1 x

7.

fof x

8.

x

1

,x

2x 1

2

(i)

3 * 2 = 11

(ii)

1369

27

9.

10.

11.

Yes, f is one-one x 1, x 2 N x 12 x 22 .

12.

13.

n(B) = 10

14.

fof x x 3

15.

16.

f(3) = f (1) = 2

3 1 i.e. distinct elements have same images.

17.

B = [1, 1]

19.

e = 5

20.

21.

(a)

Bijective

(b)

(c)

(d)

[15]

22.

*

24.

25.

f 1 x

26.

27.

28.

7x 4

5x 3

(i)

(ii)

(1, 1) is identity in N N

32.

3, 4 3, 4 , 6, 8 , 9, 12

33.

34.

(fog) (x) = x2 + x

(gof) (x) = x2 x + 1

Clearly, they are unequal.

x x2 4

2

35.

f 1 x

36.

fog

2

0

3

gof

2

1

3

[16]

CHAPTER 2

If sin x and , then = sin1x etc.

2 2

Function

Domain

Range

(Principal Value Branch)

sin1x

[1, 1]

2 , 2

cos1x

[1, 1]

[0, ]

tan1x

,

2 2

cot1x

(0, )

sec1x

R (1, 1)

0,

cosec1x

R (1, 1)

2 , 2 0

sin1 (sin x) = x x ,

2 2

cos1 (cos x) = x x [0, ] etc.

cos (cos1x) = x x [1, 1] etc.

[17]

1

sin1x cosec1 x 1, 1

x

tan1x = cot1 (1/x) x > 0

sec1x = cos1 (1/x), |x| 1

tan1(x) = tan1x x R

cosec1(x) = cosec1x |x| 1

cot1(x) = cot1x x R

sec1(x) = sec1x |x| 1

sin1 x cos 1 x

tan1 x cot 1 x

, x 1, 1

2

x R

2

sec 1 x cosec 1x

x 1

2

x y

tan1 x tan1 y tan1

;

1 xy

xy 1.

x y

tan1 x tan1 y tan1

;

1 xy

xy 1.

2x

2 tan1 x tan 1

, x 1

1 x 2

2x

2 tan1 x sin1

, x 1,

1 x 2

1 x 2

2 tan1 x cos 1

, x 0.

1 x 2

[18]

1.

2.

3 2

(ii)

cos

(iv)

cosec1 ( 2).

.

3

(vi)

sec1 ( 2).

3

1 1

1

cos tan 1 3

2

2

sin

(iii)

tan

(v)

cot

(vii)

sin

3 2 .

(i)

tan

1 2

1

sec

.

3

3

(iv)

cosec

(v)

(vi)

sin

sin

.

5

cosec

1 3

1

.

cos

2

2

sin

(ii)

(iii)

(viii)

3.

(i)

(vii)

tan

tan

.

6

2 sec

2.

cosec

.

4

1 cos x

1 cos x

1 cos x

x

.

1 cos x

4

2

[19]

x [0, ]

4.

Prove that

1

tan

1 1 cos x

cos x

cot

1 sin x

1 cos x

4

5.

6.

Prove that

cot

x 0, 2 .

2

2

x

a x

1 x

1

.

sin

cos

a

a

a2 x 2

1 8

1

1 8

1 300

2 tan cos

tan 2 tan sin

tan

.

17

17

161

7.

8.

Solve :

cot

1 x

1 x

2x cot

1

1 2

cos x .

2

4

2

1 x

1 x

3x

4

9.

m

m n

Prove that tan1 tan1

, m, n 0

n

m n 4

10.

2

1

x y

2x 1

1 1 y

cos

2

2

2

1 x

1 y 1 xy

2

11.

x 2 1 1

2x 2

x 1 2

1 x 2

3

12.

13.

Solve for x ,

14.

1

1

32

Prove that 2 tan1 tan 1 tan 1

4

5

43

1

1

1

1

tan1 tan1 tan1

3

5

7

8 4

[20]

15.

Evaluate

1

3

tan cos 1

11

2

16.

Prove that

a cos x b sin x

a

tan1

tan 1 x

b cos x a sin x

b

17.

Prove that

1

cot tan1 x tan1 cos 1 1 2 x 2 cos 1 2 x 2 1 , x 0

x

18.

Prove that

a b

b c

c a

tan1

tan 1

tan 1

0 where a, b,,

1 ab

1 bc

1 ca

c > 0

19.

20.

Express

21.

sin1 x 1 x x 1 x 2

prove that

22.

in simplest form.

a + b + c = abc

[Hint : Let cos1 x = A, cos1 y = B, cos1 z = c then A + B + C =

or A + B = c

Take cos on both the sides].

1.

2.

(ii)

(iii)

(vi)

2

3

(vii)

.

6

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(v)

(vi)

(vii)

(i)

(v)

[21]

(iv)

(iv)

(viii)

.

4

8.

11.

13.

5

3

19.

21.

Hint:

15.

.

4

Let

20

tan1 a =

tan1 b =

tan1 c =

then given,

tan ( ) = tan

[22]

tan

2 3

12

11 3

3 11

sin 1

x sin1 x.

CHAPTER 3 & 4

The numbers or functions are called the elements of the matrix.

matrix of order mxn.

if m = n.

matrix i.e. A = [aij]mx1 is a column matrix of order mx1.

Row Matrix : A matrix having only one row is called a row matrix

i.e. B bij 1xn is a row matrix of order 1xn.

Zero Matrix : A matrix having all the elements zero is called zero matrix

or null matrix.

Diagonal Matrix : A square matrix is called a diagonal matrix if all its non

diagonal elements are zero.

Scalar Matrix : A diagonal matrix in which all diagonal elements are equal

is called a scalar matrix.

called an identity matrix or a unit matrix. It is denoted by I.

I = [eij]n n

where,

1 if i j

eij

0 if i j

[23]

obtained by interchanging the rows and columns of A is called the transpose

of the matrix. Transpose of A is denoted by A or AT.

Properties of the transpose of a matrix.

(i)

(iii)

(A) = A

(ii)

(A + B) = A + B

(iv)

(AB) = BA

i, j. Also a square matrix A is symmetric if A = A.

aij = aji i, j. Also a square matrix A is skew - symmetric, if

A = A.

associate a number (real or complex) called determinant of A. It is denoted

by det A or |A|.

Properties

(i)

(ii)

Area of triangle with vertices (x1, y1), (x2, y2) and (x3, y3) is given

by

x1

1

x2

2

x3

y1

y2

y3

1

1

1

x1

The points (x1, y1), (x2, y2), (x3, y3) are collinear x 2

x3

y1 1

y2 1 0

y3 1

elements have been replaced by their cofactors and is denoted as adj A.

Let

A = [aij]n n

adj A = [Aji]n n

[24]

Properties

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

A.(adj A) = (adj A) . A = |A| I ]

Singular Matrix : A square matrix is called singular if |A| = 0, otherwise

it will be called a non-singular matrix.

Inverse of a Matrix : A square matrix whose inverse exists, is called

invertible matrix. Inverse of only a non-singular matrix exists. Inverse of a

matrix A is denoted by A1 and is given by

. adj A

A

Properties

(i)

AA1 = A1A = I

(ii)

(A1)1 = A

(iii)

(AB)1 = B1A1

(iv)

(AT)1 = (A1)T

(v)

1

, A 0

A

If AX = B is a matrix equation then its solution is X = A1B.

(i)

(ii)

no solution.

(iii)

has infinitely many solutions or system is inconsistent and has no

solution.

[25]

1.

4

x 3

If

y 4 x y

5 4

3 9 , find x and y.

2.

i

If A

0

3.

0

0

and B

i

i

i

, find AB .

0

if i j

2i j

where aij

.

i 2 j 3 if i j

4.

third column.

5.

5 2

3 6

and B

If A

find 3 A 2B.

0 9

0 1

6.

2 3

1 0

If A

and B

find A B .

7 5

2 6

7.

2

If A = [1 0 4] and B 5 find AB .

6

8.

x 2

4

If A

is symmetric matrix, then find x.

2x 3 x 1

9.

3

0 2

2 0

4 is skew symmetric matrix.

For what value of x the matrix

3 4 x 5

10.

2 3

If A

P Q where P is symmetric and Q is skew-symmetric

1 0

matrix, then find the matrix Q.

[26]

11.

a ib

Find the value of c id

12.

If

13.

k

For what value of k, the matrix

3

14.

sin 30

If A

sin 60

15.

2x 5

5x 2

c id

a ib

3

0, find x .

9

2

has no inverse..

4

cos 30

, what is |A|.

cos 60

2

6

1

3

0

5

5

4

7

1 3 2

4 5 6 .

3 5 2

16.

17.

1 2

Find the value of P, such that the matrix

is singular..

4 P

18.

Find the value of x such that the points (0, 2), (1, x) and (3, 1) are

collinear.

19.

Area of a triangle with vertices (k, 0), (1, 1) and (0, 3) is 5 unit. Find the

value (s) of k.

20.

21.

what is |A|?

22.

What is the number of all possible matrices of order 2 3 with each entry

0, 1 or 2.

23.

Find the area of the triangle with vertices (0, 0), (6, 0) and (4, 3).

24.

If

2x 4 6 3

, find x .

1 x

2

1

[27]

25.

x y

If A z

1

26.

2

5

6x

y z

x

1

z x

y , write the value of det A.

1

3

4

6

8

9x 12x

27.

28.

5 3

If A

find adj A

6 8

29.

Given a square matrix A of order 3 3 such that |A| = 12 find the value

of |A adj A|.

30.

31.

|A| = 10.

32.

2 1

If A

find

3 4

33.

3

If A 1 2 3 and B 4 find |AB|.

0

34.

x y

Find x, y, z and w if

2x y

35.

A 1 1 .

2x z

1

3x w

0

1 i j if i j

aij = i 2 j if i j

2

[Class XII : Maths]

[28]

5

.

13

36.

1 2 3

3 0 1

and A 2B

Find A and B if 2A + 3B =

.

2 0 1

1 6 2

37.

1

If A 2 and B 2 1 4 , verify that (AB) = BA.

3

38.

3 1

3

4 5 2

a skew-symmetric matrix.

39.

cos

If A =

sin

sin

cos n sin n

, then prove that An

cos

sin n cos n

40.

2 1

5 2

2 5

Let A

, B

, C

3 4

7 4

3 8

CD AB = O.

41.

1 3 2 1

1

x

1

2 5 1 2 0

Find the value of x such that

15 3 2 x

42.

cos2

cos2

cos sin

cos sin

and

2

2

cos sin sin

cos sin sin

43.

.

2

5 3

2

1

If A

, show that A 12A I = 0. Hence find A .

12 7

[29]

44.

2 3

2

Show that A 3

4 satisfies the equation x 6x + 17 = 0. Hence find

A1.

45.

4

If A

2

46.

1 2 3 7 8 9

Find the matrix X so that X

.

4 5 6 2 4 6

47.

2 3

1 2

1

1 1

If A

and B

1

1

3

48.

3

, find x and y such that A2 xA + yI = 0.

5

3x y = 5; 6x 2y = 3

49.

6 3

, if possible..

A

1

2

50.

3 1

By using elementary column transformation, find the inverse of A

.

5 2

51.

cos sin

If A

and A + A = I, then find the general value of .

sin cos

Using properties of determinants, prove the following : Q 52 to Q 59.

52.

a b c

2a

2a

3

2b

b c a

2b

a b c

2c

2c

c a b

53.

x 2 x 3 x 2a

x 3 x 4 x 2b 0 if a, b, c are in A.P .

x 4 x 5 x 2c

54.

sin cos sin 0

sin cos sin

[30]

c

b

55.

56.

59.

a ab

b

a b

2 2 2

4a b c .

2

a b

a

p q 2 p

x y

x

ac c

ac

bc

b

x b

b

b

q

y

c

r .

z

2

2 2 2

4a b c .

c

2

c

x x a b c .

x c

Show that :

x

yz

(i)

(ii)

61.

bc

60.

c a

r p

z x

x a

a

a

a

c

ab

58.

b c

q r

y z

a

57.

Given

z y z z x x y yz zx xy .

xy

y

zx

that ab = ab.

2

If A

2

0

A

2

5

4

and B

1

2

1

2

3

verify that AB A B .

5

0

2

and B 1

0

1

1

0 . Find the product AB and

1

62.

a x

a x

a x

a x

a x

a x

a x

a x 0.

a x

[31]

63.

0

If A

tan

2

that,

tan 2

and I is the identity matrix of order 2, show

w

0

cos

I A I A

sin

64.

sin

cos

5x 7y = 2, 7x 5y = 3.

65.

66.

2 1 4

4 0 2 .

3 2 7

1 1 0

2 2 4

0 1 2

2 1 5

and hence solve the system of linear equations :

x y = 3, 2x + 3y + 4z = 17, y + 2z = 7.

67.

x 0,

y 0, z 0

2 3 3

1 1 1

3 1 2

10,

10,

13.

x y z

x y z

x y z

68.

1

Find

where A 2

3

equations :

A1,

2

3

3

3

2 , hence solve the system of linear

4

x + 2y 3z = 4

2x + 3y + 2z = 2

3x 3y 4z = 11

[Class XII : Maths]

[32]

69.

twice the first number, we get 3. By adding double the second number and

the third number we get 0. Represent it algebraically and find the numbers

using matrix method.

70.

3

A 15

5

71.

1

6

2

1

If the matrix A 0

3

1

5 and verify that A1 A = I3.

5

1

2

2

2

1

1

3 and B 0

1

4

2

3

0

0

1 , then

2

compute (AB)1.

72.

2x y = 4, 2y + z = 5, z + 2x = 7.

73.

0 1 1

A 2 3I

1 0 1 .

1

1

A

if

A

.

Find

Also

show

that

2

1 1 0

b

74.

Show that

c

ba

ca

75.

76.

a

a c

Show that

a b

ab

c

ac

a

cb

b c

b

b a

2 2 2

bc

2

a b

4a b c

2

c b

2

2

2

c a a b c a b c

c

cos sin 0

If A sin cos 0 , verify that A . (adj A) = (adj A) . A = |A| I3.

0

0

1

[33]

77.

2 1 1

For the matrix A 1 2 1 , verify that A3 6A2 + 9A 4I = 0, hence

1 1 2

find A1.

78.

3 2

7 5 . X

79.

1 a2 b 2

2ab

2b

2ab

1 a2 b 2

2a

2b

2a

1 a2 b 2

y z 2

80.

81.

1 1 2 1

.

2 1 0 4

xy

zx

2

xy

x z

yz

xz

yz

x y 2

2xyz x y z .

a

ab

a b c

2a 3a 2b 4a 3b 2c a 3 .

3a 6a 3b 10a 6b 3c

x

82.

z

83.

1 a 2 b 2 .

x2

1 x 3

z2

1 z 3

If x, y, z are the 10th, 13th and 15th terms of a G.P. find the value of

log x

log y

log z

10 1

13 1 .

15 1

[34]

84.

1 a 1

1

1 1 1

1

1 b 1

abc 1 abc bc ca ab

a b c

1

1

1 c

85.

bc

b 2 bc c 2 bc

a 2 ac

ac

a 2 ab b 2 ab

86.

If

c 2 ac ab bc ca

ab

3 2 1

A 4 1 2 , find A1 and hence solve the system of equations

7 3 3

3x + 4y + 7z = 14, 2x y + 3z = 4, x + 2y 3z = 0.

1.

x = 2, y = 7

2.

0 1

1 0

3.

11.

4.

5.

9 6

0 29 .

6.

3 5

3 1 .

7.

AB = [26].

8.

x = 5

9.

x = 5

10.

0

1

11.

a2 + b2 + c2 + d2.

12.

x = 13

13.

14.

|A| = 1.

15.

46

16.

3

2

[35]

1

.

0

5

.

3

18.

20.

54.

40.

22.

729

23.

9 sq. units

24.

x = 2

25.

26.

27.

28.

8 3

6 5 .

29.

1728

30.

|A| = 9

31.

100

32.

11

33.

|AB| = 11

34.

x = 1, y = 2, z = 3, w = 10

35.

3 3 2 5 2

4 5

2 .

7

5 6

36.

4

11

7 7

A

1 18

7

7

9

5

7

7

, B

4

4

7

7

40.

191

D

77

110

.

44

43.

3

7

A 1

.

12 5

17.

P = 8

19.

21.

7 13

, .

2 2

2

7

12

1

7

5

7

41.

x = 2 or 14

44.

A 1

[36]

1 4 3

.

17 3 2

45.

x = 9, y = 14

46.

1 2

x

.

2 0

48.

Inconsistent

49.

50.

2 1

A 1

.

5 3

51.

2n

61.

1

AB

2

62

0, 3a

2

1

1

, AB

2

6

2

2

64.

2

.

1

11

24

65.

67.

68.

69.

71.

11

2

1

1

2

6 .

66.

, n z

3

, y

24

x = 2, y = 1, z = 4

1

1

1

, y , z

2

3

5

6 17 13

1

14 5 8 , x 3, y 2, z 1

67

15 9 1

x = 1, y = 2, z = 2

AB

1

16 12

1

21 11 7 .

19

10 2 3

2 0 1

5 1 0

0 1 3

70.

72.

x = 3, y = 2, z = 1.

[37]

1 1 1

1

1 1 1 .

2

1 1 1

73.

78.

16 3

X

.

24 5

86.

x = 1, y = 1, z = 1.

77.

83.

[38]

3

1

1

4

1

1

3

1

1

1 .

3

CHAPTER 5

x c

x c

x c

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

lim f x f a ,

x a

lim f x f b

x b

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

f x

is continuous at x = a provided g(a) 0.

g x

[39]

lim

x c

f x f c

f x f c

lim

, and is finite

x c

x c

x c

The value of above limit is denoted by f(c) and is called the derivative of

f(x) at x = c.

d

dv

du

u v u v

dx

dx

dx

d u

dx v

du

dv

u

dx

dx

v2

dy

dt

If y = f(u),

dy

du

du

f u .g t

dt

Chain Rule

x = g(u) then,

dy

dy

du

f u

.

dx

du

dx

gu

d 1

sin x

dx

1

1 x

d 1

1

tan x

,

dx

1 x2

d

1

sec 1 x

,

dx

x x2 1

d x

e

dx

ex ,

d

cos1 x

dx

1

1 x2

d 1

1

cot x

dx

1 x2

d

1

cosec1x

dx

x x2 1

d

1

log x

dx

x

f (x) = [x] is discontinuous at all integral points and continuous for all x

R Z.

f (a) = f (b) then there exists atleast one real number c (a, b) such that

f (c) = 0.

[40]

(a, b) then there exists atleast one real number c (a, b) such that

f c

f b f a

b a

1.

2.

3.

What is derivative of |x 3| at x = 1.

4.

5.

6.

x 3 if x 2

f

x

The function,

2x if x 2

x 1 x 1

.

x 7 x 6

x R, find .

tan3x

7.

, x 0

2K ,

x 0

is continuous x R .

8.

9.

10.

(i)

(iii)

log3 (3x + 5)

e 6 loge

x 1

(ii)

log 2 x

,x 1

[41]

11.

12.

(iv)

sec 1 x cosec 1 x , x 1.

(v)

sin1 x 7 2

(vi)

logx 5, x > 0.

(i)

x x

, x 0

f x x

at x 0.

2,

x 0

(ii)

sin 2x

3x , x 0

g x

at x 0.

3

x 0

2

(iii)

x 2 cos 1 x x 0

f x

at x 0.

0

x 0

(iv)

f(x) = |x| + |x 1| at x = 1.

(v)

x x , x 1

f x

at x 1.

0

x 1

3x 2 kx 5,

For what value of k, f x

1 3x

0 x 2

is continuous

2 x 3

x 0, 3.

13.

f x

x 2

a

x 2

a b

x 2

2b

x 2

if x 2

if x 2

is continuous at x = 2.

if x 2

[42]

14.

x = 1.

15.

x p sin 1 x x 0

f x

is derivable at x = 0.

0

x0

1

2

2x

dy

1

1

2 tan1 , 0 x 1, find

.

tan

2

x

dx

1 x

16.

If y

17.

1 x

dy

?

If y sin 2 tan1

then

1 x

dx

18.

19.

20.

If

21.

22.

2x

2x

w.r.t. sin1

.

Find the derivative of tan1

1 x 2

1 x 2

23.

24.

25.

dy

5y x 0 .

dx

dy

1 y 2

.

dx

1 x 2

[43]

dy

1 y 2

.

dx

1 x 2

dy y

.

dx x

dy

.

dx

d 2y

.

dx 2

26.

If

dy

at x is 1 .

dx

4

27.

1

2

If y sin x 1 x x 1 x then find

28.

29.

x

Differentiate x

30.

Find

31.

1 sin x

If y tan1

1 sin x

dy

.

dx

dy

.

dx

w.r.t. x.

dy

y

x

, if cos x cos y

dx

Hint : sin

1 sin x

dy

where 2 x find dx .

1 sin x

x

x

cos for x , .

2

2

2

32.

a

33.

34.

35.

If y = sin1x, find

36.

If

37.

a cos

If y e

38.

2

dy sin a y

.

dx

sin a

d 2y

in terms of y.

dx 2

d 2y

b 4

x2 y2

.

then

show

that

1,

dx 2 a 2 y 3

a2 b 2

1

, 1 x 1, show that 1 x 2

d 2y

dy

x

a2 y 0

2

dx

dx

d 2 y 2a 2 x 2

.

dx 2

y5

[44]

39.

where a = 2, b = 2.

40.

7

.

2

1.

3.

5.

2.

4.

x = 6, 7

x 3

3

.

4

6.

7

.

2

7.

8.

cot x

9.

15

10.

(i)

(ii)

e log2

(iii) 6 (x 1)5

(iv)

7 x2 x

.

2 1 x 7

(vi)

(i) Discontinuous

(ii)

Discontinuous

(iv)

continuous

(v)

11.

3

log3 e

3x 5

(iii) Continuous

1

.log2 e.

x

loge 5

2

x loge x

(v) Discontinuous

12.

k = 11

13.

a = 0, b = 1.

15.

p > 1.

16.

22.

17.

23.

x

1 x 2

cot2x logea

[45]

24.

x

y 1

y x log y

dy x 1 log x yx

.

dx

x y log x xy x 1

25.

d 2y

1

cosec sec 4 .

2

3a

dx

27.

dy

1

1

.

dx

1 x 2 2 x 1 x

28.

x log x

29.

x

dy

1

x x . x x log x 1 log x

.

dx

x log x

30.

dy y tan x logcos y

dx x tan y logcos x

31.

dy

1

.

dx

2

33.

log x log x

35.

sec2y tany.

2log x

x

log x

x

1 log log x

, x 1

x

x

[46]

CHAPTER 6

APPLICATIONS OF DERIVATIVES

y with respect to x is given by

dy

f x where a quantity y varies with

dx

another quantity x.

dy

or f x 0 represents the rate of change of y w.r.t. x at x = x0.

dx x x 0

By chain rule

dy dy

dx dt

(i)

dx

dx

if

0.

dt

dt

interval (a, b) if x1 x2 in (a, b) f (x1) f (x2) x1, x2 (a, b).

Alternatively if f x 0 x a, b , then f (x) is increasing function

in (a, b).

(ii)

interval (a, b). If x1 x2 in (a, b) f (x1) f (x2) x1, x2

(a, b). Alternatively if f (x) 0 x (a, b), then f (x) is decreasing

function in (a, b).

The equation of tangent at the point (x0, y0) to a curve y = f(x) is given

by

dy

y y0

x x0 .

dx x 0 , y 0

[47]

where

dy

slope of the tangent at the point x 0, y 0 .

dx x 0 ,y 0

dy

does not exist then tangent is parallel to y-axis at

dx x 0 , y 0

(x0, y0) and its equation is x = x0.

(i)

If

(ii)

1

Slope of the normal to the curve at the point (x0, y0) is given by dy

.

dx x x 0

Equation of the normal to the curve y = f (x) at a point (x0, y0) is given by

y y0

dy

0

dx x x 0

If

1

dy

dx x 0 ,y 0

x x 0 .

dy

0.

dx x 0 ,y 0

then equation of the normal is x=x0 and equation of the tangent is y=y0

dy

If dx

does not exist, then the normal is parallel to x-axis and the

x 0 ,y 0

equation of the normal is y = y0.

Let

y = f (x)

x = the small increment in x and

y be the increment in y corresponding to the increment in x

dy

dy

x

dx

or

dy = f (x) x

f x x f x f x x

[Class XII : Maths]

[48]

either f (x) = 0 or f is not derivable is called a critical point of f.

Let f be continuous at a critical point c I. Then if,

(i)

c, then c is called the point of the local maxima.

(ii)

c, then c is a point of local minima.

(iii)

neither a point of local maxima nor a point of local minima. Such

a point is called a point of inflexion.

let c I. Then

(i)

f (c) is local maximum value of f.

(ii)

local minimum value of f.

(iii)

1.

The side of a square is increasing at the rate of 0.2 cm/sec. Find the rate

of increase of perimeter of the square.

2.

The radius of the circle is increasing at the rate of 0.7 cm/sec. What is the

rate of increase of its circumference?

3.

4.

A stone is dropped into a quiet lake and waves move in circles at a speed

of 4 cm/sec. At the instant when the radius of the circular wave is 10 cm,

how fast is the enclosed area increasing?

1

cm sec. At

2

what rate its volume is increasing when the radius is 1 cm.

[49]

5.

units of a product

is given by

R(x) = 13x2 + 26x + 15. Find the marginal revenue when x = 7.

6.

7.

Find the maximum and minimum values (if any) of the function

f (x) = |x 1| + 7 x R .

8.

Find the value of a for which the function f (x) = x2 2ax + 6, x > 0 is

strictly increasing.

9.

decreasing.

10.

increasing?

log x

, x 0, is

x

4 3

x is increasing?

3

11.

12.

13.

Find the sub-interval of the interval (0, /2) in which the function

f (x) = sin 3x is increasing.

14.

y = |3 sin x + 1|.

15.

16.

17.

whose x co-ordinate is 2?

18.

with positive direction of the x-axis?

19.

Find the point on the curve y = 3x2 12x + 9 at which the tangent is

parallel to x-axis.

[50]

1

is strictly decreasing.

x

20.

21.

Find the point on the curve y = 3x2 + 4 at which the tangent is perpendicular

1

to the line with slope .

6

22.

Find the point on the curve y = x2 where the slope of the tangent is equal

to the y co-ordinate.

23.

angles), what is the value of a?

24.

25.

Find the rate of change of the total surface area of a cylinder of radius r

and height h with respect to radius when height is equal to the radius of

the base of cylinder.

26.

Find the rate of change of the area of a circle with respect to its radius.

How fast is the area changing w.r.t. its radius when its radius is 3 cm?

27.

For the curve y = (2x + 1)3 find the rate of change of slope of the tangent

at x = 1.

28.

x = 1 a sin ;

y = b cos2 at

1

.

4

29.

is the out put, find the marginal cost for producing 20 units.

30.

31.

A particle moves along the curve 6y = x3 + 2. Find the points on the curve

at which the y co-ordinate is changing 8 times as fast as the x co-ordinate.

32.

A ladder 5 metres long is leaning against a wall. The bottom of the ladder

is pulled along the ground away from the wall at the rate of 2 cm/sec. How

fast is its height on the wall decreasing when the foot of the ladder is 4

metres away from the wall?

[51]

33.

900 cubic cm of a gas per second. Find the rate at which the radius of the

balloon increases when the radius is 15 cm.

34.

away from a lamp post 5 metres high. Find the rate at which the length of

his shadow increases.

35.

radius of the base of the funnel is 10 cm and altitude is 20 cm, find the

rate at which the water level is dropping when it is 5 cm from the top.

36.

width y is increasing as the rate of 2 cm/sec when x = 12 cm and y = 5 cm.

Find the rate of change of

(a)

Perimeter

37.

Sand is pouring from a pipe at the rate of 12c.c/sec. The falling sand forms

a cone on the ground in such a way that the height of the cone is always

one-sixth of the radius of the base. How fast is the height of the sand cone

increasing when height is 4 cm?

38.

The length of the rectangle is always equal to the square of the breadth.

At what rate is the length increasing at the instant when the breadth is 4.5

cm?

39.

Find a point on the curve y = (x 3)2 where the tangent is parallel to the

line joining the points (4, 1) and (3, 0).

40.

Find the equation of all lines having slope zero which are tangents to the

curve y

1

.

x 2x 3

2

41.

42.

Find the equation of the normal at the point (am2, am3) for the curve

ay2 = x3.

43.

Show that the curves 4x = y2 and 4xy = k cut as right angles if k2 = 512.

44.

to the line 4x y + 5 = 0.

[52]

45.

x y a at the point

a2 a2

, .

4 4

16

.

3

46.

47.

Show that

48.

x y

1 touches the curve y = bex/a at the point where the

a b

curve crosses the y-axis.

49.

.

4

x

, x 1

1 x

is increasing or decreasing.

50.

(a)

Increasing

(b)

Decreasing.

51.

in [0, 1].

52.

53.

Prove that f x

54.

x

is decreasing.

x 1

2

x3

x 2 9x , x 1, 2 is strictly increasing. Hence find

3

the minimum value of f (x).

is

2

increasing or decreasing.

55.

Find the least value of 'a' such that the function f (x) = x2 + ax + 1 is strictly

increasing on (1, 2).

[53]

56.

decreasing.

57.

Show that the function f (x) = tan1 (sin x + cos x), is strictly increasing on

the interval 0, .

4

58.

59.

4

3

,

.

8 8

Show that the function f x

sin x

is strictly decreasing on 0, .

2

x

1

60.

0.009 3 .

62.

0.0037 2 .

64.

25.02 .

61.

80 4 .

63.

0.037.

65.

66.

67.

Show that of all rectangles inscribed in a given fixed circle, the square has

the maximum area.

68.

Find two positive numbers x and y such that their sum is 35 and the

product x2y5 is maximum.

69.

Show that of all the rectangles of given area, the square has the smallest

perimeter.

70.

Show that the right circular cone of least curved surface area and given

volume has an altitude equal to

[54]

71.

Show that the semi vertical angle of right circular cone of given surface

1

area and maximum volume is sin1 .

3

72.

sides of the triangle. Show that the minimum length of the hypotenuse is

2

a3

3

2 2

b3

73.

Prove that the volume of the largest cone that can be inscribed in a sphere

8

of radius R is

of the volume of the sphere..

27

74.

Find the interval in which the function f given by f (x) = sin x + cos x,

0 x 2 is strictly increasing or strictly decreasing.

75.

Find the intervals in which the function f (x) = (x + 1)3 (x 3)3 is strictly

increasing or strictly decreasing.

76.

77.

Find the intervals in which the function f (x) = 2x3 15x2 + 36x + 1 is

strictly increasing or decreasing. Also find the points on which the tangents

are parallel to x-axis.

78.

hemisphere of radius r attached at each end. It the volume of the solid is

x .

2

2

1

metre min. How fast

2

must h (height) be changing when r and h are 10 metres.

79.

x = a (cos + sin ) ; y = a (sin cos ) at the point and show

that its distance from the origin is a.

80.

For the curve y = 4x3 2x5, find all the points at which the tangent passes

through the origin.

81.

Find the equation of the normal to the curve x2 = 4y which passes through

the point (1, 2).

[55]

82.

Find the equation of the tangents at the points where the curve 2y = 3x2

2x 8 cuts the x-axis and show that they make supplementary angles

with the x-axis.

83.

at the point (x0, y0).

x2 y2

1

a2 b 2

84.

triangle. Given that the perimeter is 16 metres. Find the width of the

window in order that the maximum amount of light may be admitted.

85.

at the point (3, 2). What is the nearest distance between the soldier and

the jet?

86.

8).

87.

by cutting a square from each corner and folding up the flaps to form the

box. What should be the side of the square to be cut off so that the volume

of the box is the maximum.

88.

opening. The total perimeter of the window is 30 metres. Find the dimensions

of the rectangular part of the window to admit maximum light through the

whole opening.

89.

An open box with square base is to be made out of a given iron sheet of area

27 sq. meter, show that the maximum value of the box is 13.5 cubic metres.

90.

A wire of length 36 m is to be cut into two pieces. One of the two pieces

is to be made into a square and other into a circle. What should be the

length of two pieces so that the combined area of the square and the circle

is minimum?

91.

Show that the height of the cylinder of maximum volume which can be

inscribed in a sphere of radius R is

92.

2R

3

Show that the altitude of the right circular cone of maximum volume that

4r

can be inscribed is a sphere of radius r is

.

3

[56]

93.

Prove that the surface area of solid cuboid of a square base and given

volume is minimum, when it is a cube.

94.

Show that the volume of the greatest cylinder which can be inscribed in

a right circular cone of height h and semi-vertical angle is

4

h 3 tan2 .

27

95.

Show that the right triangle of maximum area that can be inscribed in a

circle is an isosceles triangle.

96.

and semicircular ends. Show that the total surface area is minimum when

the ratio of the length of cylinder to the diameter of its semicircular ends

is : ( + 2).

1.

0.8 cm/sec.

2. 4.4 cm/sec.

3.

2 cm3/sec.

4. 80 cm2/sec.

5.

Rs. 208.

6.

7.

8.

a 0.

9.

[0, ]

10.

(0, e]

11.

x 1

12.

( , 0) U (0, )

13.

0, .

6

14.

16.

17. 7

18.

1 1

, .

2 4

19. (2, 3)

20.

1

4

21. (1, 7)

[57]

1

.

2

22.

23.

24.

1

.

4

25. 8r

26.

2r cm2/cm, 6 cm2/cm

27. 72

28.

30.

a > 0.

31.

4, 11

33.

a

.

2b

32.

8

cm sec.

3

1

cm sec.

34.

4 metres/minute

35.

4

cm sec.

45

36.

37.

1

cm sec.

48

38.

7.11 cm/sec.

39.

7 1

, .

2 4

40.

42.

44.

48x 24y = 23

45.

2x + 2y = a2

46.

128

8 128 8

,

, ,

.

3 27 3

27

48.

49.

50.

31

and 4, .

2 1 x y 2 2 1

1

.

2

.

4

[58]

25

.

3

52.

( , 1) and (1, ).

53.

54.

Increasing in ,

4

55.

a = 2.

56.

60.

0.2083

61.

2.9907

62.

0.06083

63.

0.1925

64.

5.002

65.

34.995

66.

45.46

68.

25, 10

74.

Strictly increasing in 0, , 2

4

4

Decreasing in 0,

2

.

4

5

Strictly decreasing in ,

.

4 4

75.

Strictly decreasing in (, 1) (1, 1).

76.

Local maxima at x

2

6

Local minima at x

77.

2

6

Strictly decreasing in (2, 3).

[59]

78.

3

metres min.

79.

x + y tan a sec = 0.

80.

81.

x + y = 3

82.

5x y 10 = 0 and 15x + 3y + 20 = 0

83.

xx 0

a

yy 0

b

1,

y y0

2

a y0

x x0

b 2x 0

0.

16

84.

6 3

85.

86.

(4, 4)

87.

4cm

88.

60

30

,

.

4 4

90.

144

36

m,

m.

4

4

91.

4R 3

3 3

[60]

CHAPTER 7

INTEGRALS

Let

integration.

of curves each of which is obtained by translating one of the curves

parallel to itself upwards or downwards along y-axis.

1.

2.

d

F x f x then we write

dx

x n 1

c

x dx n 1

log x c

n

f x dx F x c .

n 1

n 1

ax b n 1

c

a

n

1

ax b dx

1

log ax b c

a

3.

sin x dx

5.

tan x . dx

cos x c .

4.

n 1

n 1

cos x dx

sin x c.

[61]

6.

cot x dx

8.

cosec x . dx

log sin x c .

cot x c .

10.

cosec x cot x dx

11.

sec x dx

12.

cosec x dx

13.

x

x

e dx e c .

15.

16.

1 x

17.

18.

19.

20.

1 x

sec x . tan x . dx

14.

x c , x 1.

x c , x 1.

1

a

1

x

dx

log

2a

dx

1

a

a x

c.

a x

log

2a

dx

x

a dx

x c.

dx sec

9.

x . dx tan x c .

cosec x c .

dx sin

1

x

sec

dx tan

7.

tan

x a

c.

x a

1

c.

[62]

ax

c

log a

sec x c .

21.

22.

23.

24.

25.

26.

1

a

1

2

a x

1

x

dx sin

c.

dx log x

a x

dx log x

a x dx

a x

2

2

a x dx

a dx

a x

c.

sin

2

2

c.

a x

log x

c.

c.

1.

k .f x dx k f x dx .

2.

k f x g x dx k f x dx k g x dx .

2.

x

x

e f x f ' x dx e f x c .

1.

f x dx

2.

log x

f x

c.

log f x c .

n

f x f x dx

f x n 1

c.

n 1

[63]

3.

f x

f x

f x n 1

dx

c.

n 1

f x . g x dx

f x . g x dx

f x . g x dx dx .

f x dx

F b F a , where F x

f x dx .

f x dx

a

where

f a f a h f a 2h

lim h

..... f a n 1 h

h0

b a

or

1.

2.

f x dx

f t dt .

a

f x dx f x dx f x dx .

a

4.

f x dx f x dx .

3.

f x dx lim h

f a rh

h0

r 1

(i)

f x dx

f a b x dx .

(ii)

f x dx f a x dx .

0

[64]

5.

f x 0; if f x is odd function.

a

6.

f x dx 20 f x dx ,

2a

7.

2a f x dx , if f 2a x f x

f x dx 0

0,

if f 2a x f x

1.

3.

1

sin

x cos

x dx .

1 sin2 x dx .

2.

dx .

x8

6.

e

5.

99

cos4 x dx .

7.

4 3 sin x

log

dx .

4 3 cos x

8.

9.

cos 2x 2sin2 x

dx .

cos2 x

10.

11.

10 4x x 2 dx .

8 x

dx .

x 8

4.

a log x

e x log a dx .

2

7

sin

x dx .

12.

[65]

d

f x dx .

dx

13.

sin2 x cos2 x dx .

15.

log e

dx .

e

17.

e x dx .

dx .

2

19.

x 1

21.

cos

23.

dx .

14.

16.

ex

a x dx .

18.

x x 1

x

x 1

e

dx .

dx .

dx .

20.

22.

x cos 1 dx .

24.

cos x sin dx .

25.

dx .

26.

x x dx .

27.

x 2 3 log x dx .

28.

x cos x dx .

29.

30.

32.

ax ax dx .

1 cos x

dx .

sin x

x 1

33.

34.

0 x dx

x e 1 e x 1

dx .

xe ex

2

x log x dx .

31.

1 sin x

cos x dx .

[66]

dx

35.

36.

a f x f a b x dx .

38.

1x x dx .

39.

If

40.

a f x dx b f x dx .

42.

sin2x dx .

9 4x 2

f x

37.

0 1 x 2

4

a

41.

sin x

43.

log x 1 log x

sin x dx .

45.

dx .

sin x sin2x dx .

b

44.

2 x dx .

f x dx f a b x dx .

46.

1

sec x tan x dx .

47.

sin2 x

1 cos x dx .

48.

1 tan x

1 tan x dx .

49.

ax b x

c x dx .

50.

(i)

(iii)

x cosec

tan1x 2

1 x

dx .

sin x a sin x b dx .

[67]

(ii)

(iv)

x 1

x 1

x 1

x 1

dx .

cos x a

cos x a dx .

[Class XII : Maths]

(v)

2

(vii)

sin

(ix)

x cos x dx .

sin x cos x

2

(vi)

cos

(viii)

cot

x dx .

x cosec

x dx .

dx .

a sin x b cos x

(x)

cos x cos x a

6

(xi)

51.

sin x cos x

2

dx .

(xii)

sin x cos x

sin x cos x

dx .

sin 2x

Evaluate :

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(v)

(vi)

(viii)

x

4

x 6 log x

dx

1 x x

1

2

7 log x 2

x a x b

5x 2

2

4x x

1

9 8x x

dx .

dx .

dx .

(vii)

2x 1

x 2

dx .

(iv)

3x

[Hint : put x2 = t]

dx .

(ix)

dx .

[68]

x

x

x

2

dx .

6x 12

2

1 x x dx .

(x)

3x 2

x 1 dx .

(xi)

sec x 1 dx .

52.

sec x 1 ]

Evaluate :

dx

(i)

x x

(ii)

1 cos x 2 3 cos x dx .

(iii)

cos

(iv)

sin x

sin cos

2

d .

cos 2

x 1

x 1 x 2 x 3 dx .

x

x 2

(v)

x 2 x 1 dx .

(vi)

x 2 1 x 2 2

x 3 3 x 2 4 dx .

(vii)

(viii)

(ix)

dx

2x 1 x

x

tan x dx .

[Hint : x2 = t ]

dx .

[69]

53.

Evaluate :

5

(i)

(ii)

sec

sin x dx .

3

x dx .

[Hint : Write sec3x = sec x . sec2 x and take sec x as first function]

(iii)

ax

cos bx c dx .

(iv)

sin

6x

1 9x

dx .

(v)

cos

x dx .

1 sin 2x

dx .

1 cos 2x

(vii)

2x

(ix)

2ax x dx .

(xi)

(xii)

(xiii)

6x 5

(xiv)

dx .

6 x x dx .

dx .

(xv)

2x 5

(xvi)

(viii)

(x)

tan

x dx .

x 1

dx .

2

2x

x 2

x 12

dx .

2 sin 2x

dx .

1 cos 2x

(vi)

4x 3 dx .

4x 8 dx .

[70]

54.

(i)

sin x cos x

9 16 sin 2x

dx .

(ii)

(iii)

1 x

1 x

[Hint : put

1 2

2

2

sin

(iv)

dx .

1 x 2 3 2

x2

dx .

= t]

(v)

sin

sin 2x

4

dx .

(vi)

x cos x

5x

2

dx .

4x 3

(vii)

x sin x

1 cos x dx .

0

x sin x

x

sin x

as

Hint : Write

1 cos x

1 cos x

1 cos x

55.

Evaluate :

3

(i)

x 1 x 2 x 3 dx . (ii)

(iii)

1 sin x dx .

tan

1 x x 2

1 x 2

dx .

(iv)

x sin x

1 cos

0

dx .

x

2x x 3 when 2 x 1

3

f x dx where f x x 3x 2

when 1 x 1

3x 2

when 1 x 2.

2

2

(v)

Hint :

f x dx

[71]

f x dx

f x dx

f x dx

(vi)

x sin x cos x

sin

(vii)

dx .

x cos x

x

2

dx .

cos x b sin x

Hint : Use

56.

f a x dx

(i)

(iii)

e

cos x

(iv)

dx

(ii)

tan x

cos x

x tan x

dx .

(v)

59.

Evaluate

(i)

dx .

sin1 x cos 1 x

sin

x cos 1 x

x 2 x 4 x 5 dx

log x log sin x

2x

dx .

2

1 x

dx .

cos x

sec x cosec x

58.

sin

0

57.

f x dx

dx , x 0, 1

[72]

a x

a x

dx .

(ii)

(iii)

dx

x 2 1 log x 2 1 2 log x

x4

x2

(iv)

x sin x cos x

(v)

sin

(vi)

dx

x

dx

a x

sin x cos x

sin 2x

dx

dx

(vii)

sin

x cos x dx

2

3

2

(viii)

x sin x dx .

60.

(i)

(iii)

5

5

dx .

(ii)

x

2x

dx

x 1 x

x 1 x 3

dx

(iv)

[73]

x

4

dx

dx

16

(v)

cot x dx .

tan x

(vi)

(vii)

x tan

1 x

2 2

61.

1

4

dx .

dx .

4

(i)

2x 1 dx .

(ii)

2

3x

3 dx .

2x

4 dx .

(iv)

3x

2x

dx .

(v)

(iii)

3x dx .

62.

Evaluate

1

(i)

cot

x x 2 dx

(ii)

dx

1

(iii)

63.

log 1 x

1 x2

sin x sin2x dx .

dx

(iv)

2 log sin x

log sin 2x dx .

64.

[74]

3 sin 2 cos

5 cos2 4 sin d .

65.

0 x tan

67.

1.

/2

x dx

66.

2x

cos 3x dx .

log sin x dx

x c.

2.

2e 2

2

3.

tan x + c.

4.

8x

x9

x2

8log x

c.

log8 9

16

5.

6.

8.

x a 1

ax

c

a 1 log a

7.

9.

tan x + c

11.

10.

x 2 x 2 4x 10

2

3log x 2 x 2 4x 10 c

12.

f (x) + c

13.

tan x cot x + c

14.

2 32 2

32

x x 1 c

3

3

15.

log |x| + c

16.

e

a

17.

2x e x

c

log 2e

18.

2

x 13 2 2 x 11 2 c .

3

19.

log x 1

20.

2e

21.

x cos2 + c

22.

log x cos 1

c.

cos

1

c.

x 1

[75]

log e a c

23.

24.

c

sin

25.

log sin x 2 c

26.

x4

1

3x 2

2

3 log x c.

4 2x

2

27.

1

log 2 3log x c .

3

28.

log |x + cos x | + c

29.

30.

1

log x e e x c .

e

31.

x log x 2 c

32.

33.

34.

35.

1 1 2x

sin c

3

2

36.

b a

2

37.

38.

39.

40.

41.

x + log x + c.

42.

1

log sec x tan x c .

2

43.

1 sin3x

2

sin x c or sin3 x c

2

3

3

44.

2 2

45.

46.

log |1 + sin x| + c

47.

x sin x + c

48.

49.

a c x

log a c

b c x

log b c

c1.

[76]

x 2 log x

2x c .

2

a

50.

(i)

1

1

2

(ii)

1 2

1

x x x 2 1 log x x 2 1 c .

2

2

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

1

sin a b

sin x a

sin x b

48

2

sin x

(vi)

sin x

(vii)

1

1

1

1

32

2

2

6

(viii)

4

cot6 x

cot x

c.

6

4

(ix)

51.

log

a b

sin x c .

a sin x b cos x c

(x)

(xi)

tan x cot x 3x + c.

(xii)

(i)

1

3

(ii)

log

tan

2x 2

2 log x 1

1

c.

3 log x 2

[77]

(iii)

5 1 2x

log

(iv)

x 4

sin1

c.

5

(v)

2 log

5

(vi)

5 1 2x

x a

x b c

log 3 x 2 x 1

11

tan

3 2

2

3 x 1

c

2

1

(vii)

x 3 log x 6 x 12 2 3 tan

(viii)

4x x

(ix)

1 x

4 sin

3

2 2

x

x 3

c

3

x 2

c

2

2x 1 1 x x 2

5

16

52.

3

2

(x)

x 2

(xi)

log cos x

(i)

x 1

log

2x 1

c

5

2x 1

x x 1

7

4

c

1

2

2 3

x x 1

log x

2

8

cos x cos x c

sin

c

1

[78]

(ii)

(iii)

1 cos x

log

2 3 cos x

2

log cos 2

3

(iv)

log 1 cos c .

3

1

log x 1

(v)

log x 2

15

x 4 log

log x 3 c

x 2 2

x 1

(vi)

(vii)

(viii)

(i)

(ii)

17

1

x

x

tan

log x

x 1

tan

34

x 1

1

tan x

tan x 1

log

2 tan x

2 2

tan x

2 tan x 1

2 tan x 1

1 3

3

3

x cos x sin x c

3

1

sec x tan x

e

ax

a b

(iv)

1

17

log

2

(iii)

1 x

x

3 tan c

3

2

log 2x 1

53.

(ix)

tan

2x tan

a cos bx

3x

c b sin bx c c1

log 1 9x

3

[79]

(v)

2 x sin x cos x c

(vi)

3

x 4 1

x

x

1

tan

x

c.

4

12

4

1

(vii)

(ix)

2x

tan x c .

(viii)

2

x a

2ax x

sin

(x)

x x 1

e

c.

x 1

(xi)

ex tan x + c.

(xii)

x log log x

c.

2x

x a

c

a

c.

log x

(xiii)

2 6 x x

2 32

25

2x 1

2

1 2x 1

8

6 x x

sin

c

5

8

4

1

(xiv)

(xv)

log x 1

x 1

4x 3

log x

log x 2

tan

3

3

x 2

2

x

2x 1

c

3

4x 3

4x 3 c

(xvi)

x 2

4x 8 2 log x 2

[80]

4x 8 c

1

54.

(i)

(iii)

(v)

log 3.

(ii)

20

(iv)

/2.

log 2.

25

6

log .

5

2

5.

(ii)

(iii)

(v)

29

4

(i)

15

8

56.

(vii)

(vii)

5 10 log

(i)

(vi)

55.

(iv)

(vi)

16

2ab

(ii)

12

(iii)

/2.

(v)

a.

57.

13

2

58.

x cos x + sin x + c.

(iv)

[81]

log 2.

59.

60.

(i)

2 2x 1

2 x x2

sin1 x

x c

(ii)

2 1 x cos 1 x

(iii)

(iv)

sin x x cos x

c

x sin x cos x

(v)

x a tan1 x ax c

(vi)

2 sin1

(vii)

(viii)

3

1

2.

(i)

1

1

1 2

3

x

3 2

x x2 c

1

2

log 1 2 c

3

x

3 1

2

x 4 log x

log x 1

log x 1

4

log x

1

2

(ii)

(iii)

log x 1

2x

(v)

10

log

81

8

x 2

x 2

tan

log x 3

tan

x

c .

2

2.

1

10

log x 1

(iv)

log x

[82]

x

c .

2

27

2 x 3

c.

tan

x c.

(vi)

61.

tan

2 2

x2

2x

1

4 2

log

x

x

2

2

2x 1

2x 1

(vii)

/8.

(i)

14.

(ii)

(iii)

26.

(iv)

(v)

62.

(i)

(iii)

141

26

3

1

127 e

log 2

2

(ii)

1

tan x 2

log

c

5

2 tan x 1

log 2.

8

(iv)

1

log .

2

2

63.

1

1

2

log 1 cos x log 1 cos x log 1 2cos x c .

6

2

3

64.

3log 2 sin

65.

2 1

log 2

16 4 2

66.

e 2x

2cos 3x 3 sin3x c .

13

67.

log 2

2

4

c.

2 sin

[83]

CHAPTER 8

APPLICATIONS OF INTEGRALS

Area bounded by the curve y = f(x), the x axis and between the ordinates,

x = a and x = b is given by

b

Area =

f x dx

a

y

y = f(x )

y = f(x )

Area bounded by the curve x = f(y) the y-axis and between abscissas,

y = c and y = d is given by

d

Area =

f y

dy

y

d

d

x = f(y )

x = f(y )

c

c

x

O

[Class XII : Maths]

[84]

Area bounded by two curves y = f(x) and y = g(x) such that 0 g(x) f(x)

for all x [a, b] and between the ordinate at x = a and x = b is given by

Y

y = f( x )

B

A

y = g (x )

a

Area =

f x g x dx

a

Required Area

k

f x dx f x dx .

a

Y

y = f(x )

A2

O A

A1

B (k , 0 ) x = b

x= a

1.

2.

3.

x

a

[85]

2

2

y

b

2

25 x .

2

2

4.

Find the area of region in the first quadrant enclosed by xaxis, the line

y = x and the circle x2 + y2 = 32.

5.

6.

x = 0, y = 0, x = 1, y = 1 into three equal parts.

7.

x

a

2

2

y

b

2

2

bx + ay = ab.

8.

(x 2)2 + y2 = 4.

9.

Using integration, find the area of the region bounded by the triangle

whose vertices are

(a)

10.

(b)

(i)

x + 2y = 2, y x = 1 and 2x + y 7 = 0

(ii)

y = 4x + 5,

y = 5 x

and 4y x = 5.

11.

12.

y = |x 1| and y = 1.

13.

and x-axis.

14.

15.

16.

25 x

9

line 2x + 3y = 6.

[86]

and x-axis..

1 and straight

17.

x = 4y 2.

18.

19.

20.

Find the area lying above x-axis and included between the circle

x2 + y2 = 8x and inside the parabola y2 = 4x.

21.

2

22.

x 5 dx .

23.

24.

x , y :

x 1 y

1.

a2 sq. units.

2.

1

25 sq . units.

4

2

3.

ab sq. units

5.

8.

10.

2

6

9

8

9

4

5 x2

4.

sin

1

sq. units

3

2 3 sq. units

3

(a) 6 sq. units

7.

4 sq. units

2 ab

sq. units

9.

15

sq. units

2

[87]

(b)

15

sq. units

2

[Hint

11.

sq. units

4

2

12.

13.

3 sq. units

14.

1 sq. units

25

sq. units

15.

17.

1

3

9

sq. units

16.

2 sq. units

18.

sq. units

sq. units

19.

2 sq. units.

20.

4

8 3 sq. units

3

21.

22.

13 sq. units.

23.

24.

1

5

sq. units

4

2

2 sq. units.

[88]

CHAPTER 9

DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

variable with respect to an independent variable is called differential

equation.

defined to be the order of the highest order derivative occurring in the

differential equation.

derivative involved in the equation is called degree of differential equation

where equation is a polynomial equation in differential coefficients.

curves as many times as the number of arbitrary constant in the given

family of curves. Now eliminate the arbitrary constants from these equations.

After elimination the equation obtained is differential equation.

(i)

dy

f x, y

dx

We separate the variables and get

f(x)dx = g(y)dy

Then

(ii)

f x dx

g y dy

the form

dy

dx

f x, y

g x, y

[89]

form

dy

y

F is called a homogeneous differential equation.

x

dx

dy

v x

dx

method.

(iii)

dv

dx

dy

dx

is called a linear differential equation. For finding solution of this

type of equations, we find integrating factor (I .F .) e

Solution is y I .F .

Q. I.F . dx

P dx .

dx

Similarly, differential equations of the type dy Px Q where P

and Q are constants or functions of y only can be solved.

1.

(i)

dy

dy

(ii)

dx

cos y 0.

dx

5

(iii)

d y

dx

(v)

(vii)

d 2y

sin x 2 .

dx

d 2y

1

2

dx

dx

d 2y

2

dx

(iv)

dx

13

dy

d 3y

3

dx

(vi)

d y

5

d y

dx

4.

dy

log

0.

dx

dy

1

dx

32

sin x .

[90]

(viii)

dy

dy

tan

0

dx

dx

d y

dx

2.

(i)

dy

(ii)

x .

(iv)

dx

(iii)

dy

dx

(v)

dy

x y

1 cos 2x

(vi)

dy

dx

1 cos 2y

1 2y

3x 1

(i)

dy

y cos x sin x

dx

(ii)

dy

2

y sec x sec x tan x

dx

(iii)

(v)

(vii)

4.

dy

dx

dx

3.

dy

4

y x .

dx

dy

3y x

dx

dy

1

dx

1 x

dy

y log x x y

dx

(iv)

(vi)

dy

y tan x sec x

dx

y sin x

(i)

(iii)

(v)

y = Aex + Bex + c

(ii)

Ay = Bx2

(x a)2 + (y b)2 = 9

(iv)

Ax + By2 = Bx2 Ay

(vi)

y = a cos (x + b)

x

a

(vii)

2

2

y

b

2

2

0.

y = a + bex+c

[91]

5.

(i)

Show that y e

1 x 2 d

dx

(ii)

y

2

m sin

is a solution of

dy

2

m y 0.

dx

2

d y

dx

tan x

dy

2

y cos x 0.

dx

2

(iii)

x d y

dy

B

x

y 0.

Show that y Ax

is a solution of

2

dx

x

dx

(iv)

d y

dx

(v)

dy

y 0.

dx

x 2 a2

equation :

a2

(vi)

x2

d 2y

dx

dy

0.

dx

y = ex (A cos x + B sin x), where A and B are arbitrary constants.

6.

(vii)

axes 2a and 2b respectively.

(viii)

(y b)2 = 4(x a).

(i)

dy

y cot x sin 2x .

dy

dx

dx

(ii)

[92]

2y x log x .

(iii)

dy

dx

(iv)

. y cos x

sin x

x

3

cos x

x 0.

dy

cos x sin x .

dx

7.

(v)

ydx x y

(vi)

ye dx y

dy

2xe

dy

dy

dy

2

2y

.

dx

dx

(i)

y x

(ii)

(iii)

x 1 y dx y 1 x dy 0.

1 x 2 1

(iv)

(v)

(vi)

dy

xy dx 0.

dy

y sin x cos x xy e .

dx

(vii)

8.

(i)

x2 y dx (x3 + y3) dy = 0.

(ii)

dy

xy y .

dx

(iii)

x 2 y 2 dx

2xy dy 0, y 1 1.

[93]

x

x

y sin

dx x sin y dy .

y

y

(iv)

dy

(vi)

dy

(viii)

2xy

9.

10.

1 y

dx

1 x

3xy

(ix)

dy

dx

y

tan .

x

x

v

y

Put

dx

(v)

(vii)

dy

x y

2 y

x e .

dx

2

2

dx x 2 xy dy

(i)

y-axis at (0, 0).

(ii)

at (0, 0) and axis along the (i) positive y-axis (ii) positive x-axis.

(iii)

and whose centre lie on x-axis.

(iv)

quadrant and touching the coordinate axes.

dy

dx

x 2y

x y

is homogeneous and

solve it.

11.

(x2 + 2xy y2) dx + (y2 + 2xy x2) dy = 0 is homogeneous and solve it.

12.

(i)

dy

2y cos 3x .

dx

(ii)

sin x

dy

2

y cos x 2 sin x cos x if y 1

2

dx

[94]

(iii)

13.

3e tan y dx 1 e

x

sec2 y dy

(i)

(ii)

x dy y dx

(iii)

y

y

y x cos y sin dx

x

x

y dx .

y

y

x y sin x cos dy 0.

x

x

(iv)

y

(v)

xe

y x

dy

0 if y(e) = 0

dx

(vi)

(vii)

14.

dy

dx

y

cosec 0 given that y 0 when x 1

x

x

2

dy

tan x y .

dx

(i)

cos x

(ii)

x cos x

dy

y x sin x cos x 1.

dx

(iii)

x

x

1 e y dx e y 1 x dy 0.

(iv)

[95]

15.

y

y

y dx y sin y dx x dy x cos

x

x

(i)

x dy

(ii)

, when

4

x = 1.

dy

y cot x 2x x 2 cot x given that y(0) = 0.

dx

(iii)

1.(i)

order = 1,

degree = 1

(ii)

order = 2, degree = 1

(iii)

order = 4,

degree = 1

(iv)

(v)

order = 2,

degree = 2

(vi)

order = 2, degree = 2

(vii)

order = 3,

degree = 2

(viii)

2.(i)

3.(i)

(iv)

5x + 5 y = c

(vi)

esin x

(ii)

etan x

2 log x c

(v)

e 1

c.

e 1

e1/x

1

x

log x 2

(iii)

y loge e e

4

(v)

(ii)

6

(iii)

[96]

(iv)

(vi)

sec x

tan

(vii)

4.(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

(vi)

(vii)

(vii)

dy

x

dx

5.(vi)

d y

dx

d y

dx

2y 0

dx

(viii)

dy

dy

dx

(ii)

= y

4 loge

x 1

(iv)

y = tan x 1 + cetan x

(vi)

x = y2ey + cy2

cy x 2 1 2y

(ii)

e x

y sin x

dy

dx

16

(iii)

dx

2 sin x

y sin x

xy

d y

6.(i)

, x 0

c

x

(v)

7.(i)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

xy

1 x

log

x 2

1 y

1 y

1 y

1 y

2

2

2 sec y c

1 x

1 y

1 2

[97]

(vi)

log y

cos x

cos x xe

log tan y

cos 2x

1 cos 2x

x

cos 2x x 1 e c

16

3

(vii)

4

8.(i)

x

3y

3

3

(iii)

x2 + y2 = 2x

(iv)

y ce

(v)

y

sin cx

x

(vii)

(ix)

9.(i)

2xy

(vi)

c x

(viii)

sin

y

log x c

x

10.

log x

11.

2xy

2xy

c

x

x c

dy

dy

y '

xy y

y sin

(ii)

2y x

dy

dx

dx

(iv)

dx

(iii)

c

x

tan

cos x y

3

2

(ii)

log y c

x yy '

1

2 3 tan

x 2y

c

3x

[98]

y 2x

dy

dx

3 sin 3x

2 cos 3x

2x

(ii)

y x log c x y

(ii)

cx

(iii)

y

xy cos c

x

(iv)

3x y y 2x

(v)

y x log log x , x 0

(vi)

c x y

(ii)

(iv)

2y = sin x

12.(i)

13

(iii)

13.(i)

(vii)

sin x

13

tan y k 1 e

cos

ce

cosec x

x 3

x y .

log x 1

x

14.

(i)

y = tan x 1 + ce tan x

sin x

cos x

c

x

x

(iii)

15.

x ye y c

(i)

y

c xy sec

x

(ii)

(iii)

y = x2.

[99]

CHAPTER 10

VECTORS

denoted by a directed line segment.

Two or more vectors which are parallel to same line are called collinear

vectors.

where OP ai b j c k and OP a 2 b 2 c 2 .

If A(x1, y1, z1) and B(x2, y2, z2) be any two points in space, then

AB x 2 x 1 i y 2 y 1 j z 2 z 1 k and

AB

x 2

x 1

y 2 y 1

z 2 z 1 .

in magnitude and direction by third side of triangle taken in opposite order.

This is called triangle law of addition of vectors.

a and a

a .

scalar.

the direction of a .

[100]

If a and b be the position vectors of points A and B,, and C is any point

mb na

C is given as c

. If C divides AB in ratio m : n externally,,

m n

mb na

then c

.

m n

of x, y and z-axis are called direction angles and cosines of these angles

n = cos .

a

b

c

Also l , m , n and l2 + m2 + n2 = 1.

r

r

r

Scalar product of two vectors a and b is denoted as a.b and is defined

as a.b a b cos , where is the angle between a and b (0 ).

Dot product of two vectors is commutative i.e. a b b a.

a b 0 a o, b o or

2

a a a , so i l j j

a b.

k k 1.

If a a 1i a 2 j a 3 k and b b 1l b 2 j b 3 k, then

a b = a1a2 + b1b2 + c1c2.

a . b

Projection of a on b

and projection vector of

a . b

a along b

b.

b

[101]

such that a , b and n form a right handed system.

Cross product of two vectors is not commutative i.e., a b b a ,

but a b b a .

a b o a = o , b = o or a || b .

i i j j k k o .

i j k, j k i, k i j and j i k, k j i, i k j

i

a b a1

b1

k

a3

b3

a b

a b

a b is the area of parallelogram whose adjacent sides are

a and b .

1

2

j

a2

b2

1

1

a b

b c =

c a .

2

2

2

a . b c and is denoted as a b c

[102]

a , b and c are coplanar a b c 0

a b c b c a c a b

If

^

^

^

^

^

^

a a1 i a2 j a3 k ,

b b1 i b2 j b3 k &

^

^

^

c c1 i c 2 j c 3 k , then

a1

a b c b1

c1

a2

b2

c2

a3

b3

c3

The scalar triple product of three vectors is zero if any two of them are

same or collinear.

1.

a of

2.

3.

When is

4.

2i j and i 5k ?

x y x y ?

5.

a b 3 and a b 3 3.

6.

7.

x-axis and y-axis respectively then write point B.

[103]

with

4

3

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

are 3i 3 j 4k and 9i 8 j 10k respectively?

Write the vector in the direction of 2i 3 j 2 3 k , whose magnitude is

10 units.

What are the direction cosines of a vector equiangular with co-ordinate

axes?

What is the angle which the vector 3i 6 j 2k makes with the x-axis?

Write a unit vector perpendicular to both the vectors

3i 2 j k and 2i j 2k .

13.

14.

If

15.

b 2i 6 j 3k ?

16.

What is

17.

18.

a 2, b 2 3 and a b , what is the value of a b ?

a i j 4k

is per pendicular to

a , if a b . a b 3 and 2 b a ?

What is the length of side BC ?

19.

2i j 2k and i 2k ?

20.

Find

21.

If a and b are two unit vectors and a b is also a unit vector then

22.

23.

If i, j , k are the usual three mutually perpendicular unit vectors then what

is the value of i . j k j . i k k . j i ?

[104]

24.

25.

26.

27.

direction of xaxis.

is the value of a . b b . c c . a ?

2 b is perpendicular to

a and b ?

that :

AB AC AD AE AF 3 AD 6 AO

O being the centre of hexagon.

28.

29.

BM CN is a vector

: 3.

The scalar product of vector i j k with a unit vector along the sum

of the vectors 2i 4 j 5k and i 2 j 3k is equal to 1. Find the

30.

value of .

31.

1 1

a , b and c with each angle as cos

.

3

to .

32.

If a , b ,

that a

ve

b b c c a.

[105]

33.

34.

35.

36.

between a and b .

If

is perpendicular to a and b and c . d 1.

b satisfying the equation a b c ,

a . b 3.

Find a unit vector perpendicular to plane ABC, when position vectors of A,

B, C are 3i j 2k ,

37.

i j 3k and 4i 3 j k respectively..

38.

Evaluate

39.

(i)

40.

41.

42.

43.

44.

sin

2 a

2 a

2

2 a b

(ii)

tan

a b

if a is a unit vector..

2

a

2

a b

b

.

b

2

b .

a i j k , b i j 2k and c xi x 2 j k^ . If c

Prove that angle between any two diagonals of a cube is cos

1 .

3

a

b

a

c 0 and the angle

c .

between b and c is , then prove that

a 2 b

6

Prove that the normal vector to the plane containing three points with

b c c a a b.

[106]

45.

46.

47.

a , b , c are position vectors of the vertices A, B, C of a triangle ABC

1

then show that the area of ABC is

a b b c c a .

2

If

48.

If a 5i j 7k, b i j k, find such that a b and

a b are orthogonal.

49.

Let

50.

a b.

51.

52.

53.

54.

55.

56.

then find a b .

a b a b 1,

are three vectors such that

a, b, c

b c a and

If a 2i 3 j, b i j k and c 3i k find a b c .

Find volume of parallelepiped whose coterminous edges are given by

c i j k are coplanar..

Show that the four points (1, 4, 3), (3, 2, 5) (3, 8, 5) and (3, 2, 1)

are coplanar.

For any three vectors a , b and

a b

b c

[107]

c , prove that

c a 2 a b c

[Class XII : Maths]

57.

For any three vectors a , b and c , prove that a b , b c and

c a are coplanar..

5 3

3.

1

3

2. a

1.

4.

126 sq units.

5.

6.

1 1

1

i j k

2

2

2

7. (6, 11)

8.

10.

12.

14

5, 3 , 6

1

1

3

3i 4 j k

26

9.

1

3

11.

4 i 6 j 4 3

k.

cos

3 .

7

13. 0

14.

15. 9

16.

17.

.

2

18.

19.

3

sq. units.

2

20.

13

21.

2

3

[108]

22.

3

1

i j

2

2

24.

23.

25.

3

2

26.

29.

= 1

31.

3

1

1

3

i j i j 3k .

2

2 2

2

33.

60

34.

35.

5 2

2

i j k.

3

3

3

36.

38.

41. x = 2

47.

i 2 j k

48.

73

50.

91

49.

52.

54.

= 1

1

1

3

i j k.

4

4

4

1

165

10i 7 j 4k .

53. 37

[109]

CHAPTER 11

Distance between points P(x1, y1, z1) and Q(x2, y2, z2) is

PQ

(i)

x 2

x 1

y 2 y 1

z 2 z 1 .

P(x1, y1, z1) and Q(x2, y2, z2) in the ratio m : n internally are

mx 2 nx 1 my 2 ny 1 mz 2 nz 1 .

,

m n ,

m n

m n

(ii)

The co-ordinates of a point which divides join of (x1, y1, z1) and

(x2, y2, z2) in the ratio of m : n externally are

mx 2 nx 1 my 2 ny 1 mz 2 nz 1 .

,

m n ,

m n

m n

Direction ratios of a line through (x1, y1, z1) and (x2, y2, z2) are x2 x1,

y2 y1, z2 z1.

a

l

a

(i)

(ii)

, m

a

, n

a

b is r a b .

Cartesian equation of a line through point (x1, y1, z1) and having

direction ratios a, b, c is

x x1

y y1

z z1

.

a

b

c

[110]

(i)

a and b is r a b a .

(ii)

x x1

y y1

z z1

(x2, y2, z2) is x x y y z z .

2

1

2

1

2

1

b b

by cos 1 2 .

b1 b 2

x x2

x x1

y y1

z z1

and

a2

a1

b1

c1

y y2

z z2

is given by

y

b2

c2

cos

a 1a 2 b 1b 2 c 1c 2

2

a1

2

b1

2

c1

2

a2

2

b2

2

c2

b 1 b 2 0 or a1a2 + b1b2 + c1c2 = 0.

Equation of plane :

(i)

y + nz = p

r n p and corresponding Cartesian form is lx + my

when l, m and n are d.c.s of normal to plane.

(ii)

(iii)

Passing through a and normal to n is r a . n 0 and

corresponding Cartesian form is a(x x 1) + b (y y 1) +

c(z z1) = 0 where a, b, c are d.r.s of normal to plane and

(x1, y1, z1) lies on the plane.

Passing through three non collinear points is

r a b a c a 0

[111]

x x1

or x 2 x 1

x3 x1

(iv)

(v)

y y1

y2 y1

y3 y1

x

y

z

1.

a

b

c

Planes passing through the line of intersection of planes

r n 1 d 1 and r n 2 d 2 is

r n 1 d 1 r n 2 d 2 0.

Angle between planes r n 1 d 1 and r n 2 d 2 is

n n

given by cos 1 2 .

n1 n 2

H aving intercepts

(i)

(ii)

(iv)

given by

cos

(iii)

z z1

z 2 z1 0

z 3 z1

a 1a 2 b 1b 2 c 1c 2

.

2

2

2

2

2

b1 c1 a2 b 2 c 2

Two planes are perpendicular to each other iff n 1 . n 2 0 or

a1a2 + b1b2 + c1c2 = 0.

2

a1

(i)

a1

b

c

1 1.

a2

b2

c2

Distance of a point a

a n d

.

(ii)

0 or

from plane

ax 1 by 1 cz 1 d

.

2

2

b c

iff a 2 a 1 b 1 b 2 0 . Equation of plane containing

these lines is r a 1 b 1 b 2 0.

a

12.

(i)

n d is

[112]

(ii)

x x1

y y1

z z1

and

a1

b1

c1

y y2

z z2

b2

c2

Two lines

x x2

a2

x2 x1

a1

a2

y2 y1

b1

b2

z2 z1

c1

0

c2

x x1 y y1 z z1

a1

b1

c1

0

.

a2

b2

c2

(i)

The angle between line r a b and plane r n d

b n

is given as sin .

b n

b

90

(ii)

x x1

y y1

z z1

and plane

a1

b1

c1

sin

(iii)

a 1a 2 b 1b 2 c 1c 2

2

a1

b1 c1 a2 b 2 c 2

r a b is parallel to plane r . n d

b n 0 or a1a2 + b1b2 + c1c2 = 0.

A line

r = a +b

r .n =d

[113]

1.

2.

3.

Write the equation of a line passing through (2, 3, 5) and parallel to line

x 1

y 2

z 1

.

3

4

1

4.

r i j 3 k 5.

5.

b, c) from x-axis?

x 1

y 3

z 1

and

2

5

x 2

y 1

z

3

2

2

6.

7.

If a line makes angle , , and with co-ordinate axes, then what is the

value of

sin2 + sin2 + sin2 ?

Write line r i j 2 j k

8.

If the direction ratios of a line are 1, 2, 2 then what are the direction

cosines of the line?

9.

10.

co-ordinate axes.

11.

12.

13.

4x + 4y 2z + 5 = 0.

14.

What is the equation of the plane which cuts off equal intercepts of unit

length on the coordinate axes.

15.

16.

What is the equation of the plane through the point (1, 4, 2) and parallel

to the plane 2x + y 3z = 7?

[114]

17.

Write the vector equation of the plane which is at a distance of 8 units from

the origin and is normal to the vector 2i j 2k .

18.

What is equation of the plane if the foot of perpendicular from origin to this

plane is (2, 3, 4)?

19.

r 3i 6j 2k 0.

20.

22.

plane 2x + y 2z + 4 = 0?

21.

x 1

r i 2j 2k 1 and

2y 1

4

2 z

and the

what are the coordinates of P?

23.

24.

The line

x 4

2y 4

k z

lies exactly in the plane

1

2

2

25.

Find the equation of a plane containing the points (0, 1, 1), (4, 4, 4)

and (4, 5, 1). Also show that (3, 9, 4) lies on that plane.

26.

r 5i 3 j 6k

of the planes r

27.

the line of intersection

8 0 & which is containing

i 2j 3k 4 and r 2i j k 5 0.

If l1, m1, n1, and l2, m2, n2 are direction cosines of two mutually perpendicular

lines, show that the direction cosines of line perpendicular to both of them

are

m1n2 n1m2, n1l2 l1n2, l1m2 m1l2.

[115]

28.

Find vector and Cartesian equation of a line passing through a point with

position vector 2i j k and which is parallel to the line joining the

points with position vectors i 4 j k and i 2 j 2k.

29.

Find the equation of the plane passing through the point (3, 4, 2) and

(7, 0, 6) and is perpendicular to the plane 2x 5y = 15.

30.

distance from origin.

31.

32.

Find the equation of a line passing through (2, 0, 5) and which is parallel

to line 6x 2 = 3y + 1 = 2z 2.

33.

y 1

z 2

34.

(3, 4, 5) and parallel to the line 2x = 3y = 4z.

35.

x 2

line

y 1

4

z 2

36.

Find equation of the plane passing through the points (2, 3, 4) and

(1, 1, 3) and parallel to the xaxis.

37.

measured parallel to the line

y

3

38.

Find the equation of the plane passing through the intersection of two

plane 3x 4y + 5z = 10, 2x + 2y 3z = 4 and parallel to the line

x = 2y = 3z.

39.

r . 4 i 6 j 8

k 11.

40.

whose perpendicular distance from the point (1, 2, 3) is 1 unit.

[116]

41.

x 1

y 3

z 5

and

3

5

7

z 6

intersect each other. Find the point of

5

x 2

y 4

1

3

intersection.

42.

r l 2j 3k 2i 3j 4k and

r 2i 4 j 5k 3i 4 j 5k .

43.

x 2

2y 3

3z 4

4

5

44.

Find the equation of plane passing through the point (1, 1, 2) and

perpendicular to each of the plane

r 2i 3 j 3k 2 and r 5i 4 j k 6.

45.

x

y

z

x 2

y 1

z 1

.

and

1

2

3

3

2

5

r i 3 j 3k 3i j .

47.

Find the equation of a plane passing through (1, 3, 2) and parallel to each

of the line

46.

r 3i j 5k 3i j 5k

r i 2 j 5k i 2 j 5k

If they are coplanar, find equation of the plane containing the lines.

48.

x 8

y 9

z 10

x 15

y 29

z 5

and

.

3

16

7

3

8

5

[117]

49.

r 1 i 2 j 3 2 k

r 1 i 2 1 j 2 1 k .

50.

51.

52.

coordinate axes in A, B and C. If the centroid of ABC is ( ), then

show that 2 + 2 + 2 = p2.

60 and an acute angle with z-axis. If a plane passes through a point

m.

Find the foot of perpendicular from the point 2i j 5k on the line

perpendicular.

53.

A line makes angles , , , with the four diagonals of a cube. Prove that

4

2

2

2

2

cos cos cos cos .

3

54.

Find the equation of the plane passing through the intersection of planes

2x + 3y z = 1 and x + y 2z + 3 = 0 and perpendicular to the plane

3x y 2z = 4. Also find the inclination of this plane with xy-plane.

1.

3.

2.

90

x 2

y 3

z 5

.

3

4

1

4.

r i 2 j 3k i j 3k

5.

= 2

6.

7.

x 1

y 1

z

.

0

2

1

8.

[118]

1

2

2

, ,

3

3

3

9.

10.

11.

cos1 (6/7).

x

y 1

z 2

, a R 0

a

a

a

10

14

12.

13.

1

6

14.

x + y + z = 1

15.

No

16.

2x + y 3z = 8

17.

r 2i j 2k 24

18.

2x + 3y + 4z = 29

19.

cos

20.

21.

(1, 2, 2)

23.

r o 6i 4j 3k

24.

k = 7

26.

r 51 i 15 j 50k 173

28.

r 2i j k 2i 2 j k and

29.

5x + 2y 3z 17 = 0

30.

r 8i 4 j 8k 12 0 or r 4i 8 j 8k 12 0

31.

(0, 1, 3)

32.

x 2

y

z 5

.

1

2

3

33.

18 43

51

7 , 7 , 7

34.

35.

13

36.

7y + 4z = 5

11

21

22.

25.

10

3 3

5x 7y + 11z + 4 = 0.

[119]

x 2

y 1

z 1

.

2

2

1

37.

1 unit

21

39.

2 29

38.

x 20y + 27z = 14

units.

40.

x 2y + 2z = 0 and x 2y + 2z = 6

41.

1

3

1

2 , 2 , 2

42.

43.

17

units..

2

44.

r 9i 17 j 23k 20

45.

2x 7y + 4z + 14 = 0

47.

x 2y + z = 0

48.

14 units.

51.

49.

8

29

52.

1,

2, 3 ,

54.

7x 13 y 4z 9, cos

14

.

234

[120]

1

6

2 i j k 2

CHAPTER 12

LINEAR PROGRAMMING

value of the linear objective function under known linear constraints.

constants, which has to be maximized or minimized is called a linear

objective function.

variables of a linear programming problem.

constraints.

To Find Feasible Region : Draw the graph of all the linear inequations

and shade common region determined by all the constraints.

region represents feasible solutions of the constraints.

function is called optimal feasible solution.

1.

Minimise and maximise

z = 3x + 9y

x + 3y 60

x + y 10

x y

x 0, y 0

[121]

2.

z = 50x + 20 y, subject to the constraints

2x y 5

3x + y 3

2x 3y 12

x 0, y 0

3.

Two tailors A and B earn Rs. 150 and Rs. 200 per day respectively. A can

stitch 6 shirts and 4 pants per day, while B can stitch 10 shirts and 4 pants

per day. How many days shall each work if it is desired to produce atleast

60 shirts and 32 pants at a minimum labour cost? Solve the problem

graphically.

4.

There are two types of fertilisers A and B. A consists of 10% nitrogen and

6% phosphoric acid and B consists of 5% nitrogen and 10% phosphoric

acid. After testing the soil conditions, a farmer finds that he needs at least

14 kg of nitrogen and 14 kg of phosphoric acid for his crop. If A costs Rs.

6 per kg and B costs Rs. 5 per kg, determine how much of each type of

fertiliser should be used so that nutrient requirements are met at minimum

cost. What is the minimum cost? What values are being promoted here?

5.

A man has Rs. 1500 to purchase two types of shares of two different

companies S1 and S2. Market price of one share of S1 is Rs 180 and S2

is Rs. 120. He wishes to purchase a maximum of ten shares only. If one

share of type S1 gives a yield of Rs. 11 and of type S2 yields Rs. 8 then

how much shares of each type must be purchased to get maximum profit?

And what will be the maximum profit?

6.

through a cutter and then a finisher. Lamp A requires 2 hours of the

cutters time and 1 hours of the finishers time. Lamp B requires 1 hour of

cutters and 2 hours of finishers time. The cutter has 100 hours and

finishers has 80 hours of time available each month. Profit on one lamp A

is Rs. 7.00 and on one lamp B is Rs. 13.00. Assuming that he can sell all

that he produces, how many of each type of lamps should be manufactured

to obtain maximum profit?

7.

has only Rs. 5760 to invest and has space for almost 20 items. A fan and

sewing machine cost Rs. 360 and Rs. 240 respectively. He can sell a fan

[122]

that he can sell whatever he buys, how should he invest his money to

maximise his profit?

8.

If a young man rides his motorcycle at 25 km/h, he has to spend Rs. 2 per

km on petrol. If he rides at a faster speed of 40 km/h, the petrol cost

increases to Rs. 5 per km. He has Rs. 100 to spend on petrol and wishes

to cover the maximum distance within one hour. Express this as L.P.P. and

then solve it graphically.

9.

he can use to produce two kinds of goods X and Y. To produce one unit

of X, 2 units of capital and 1 unit of labour is required. To produce one unit

of Y, 3 units of labour and one unit of capital is required. If X and Y are

priced at Rs. 80 and Rs. 100 per unit respectively, how should the producer

use his resources to maximise the total revenue?

10.

A factory owner purchases two types of machines A and B for his factory.

The requirements and limitations for the machines are as follows:

Machine

A

B

Area Occupied

Labour Force

1000

m2

12 men

50

1200

m2

8 men

40

can operate both the machines. How many machines of each type should

he buy to maximise the daily output.

11.

required to manufacture the cups and the time in minutes required by each

in as given below :

Types of Cup

Machine

I

II

III

12

18

Each machine is available for a maximum period of 6 hours per day. If the

profit on each cup A is 75 paise and on B is 50 paise, find how many cups

of each type should be manufactured to maximise the profit per day.

[123]

12.

A company produces two types of belts A and B. Profits on these belts are

Rs. 2 and Rs. 1.50 per belt respectively. A belt of type A requires twice as

much time as belt of type B. The company can produce almost 1000 belts

of type B per day. Material for 800 belts per day is available. Almost 400

buckles for belts of type A and 700 for type B are available per day. How

much belts of each type should the company produce so as to maximize

the profit?

13.

is made on each first class ticket and a profit of Rs. 300 is made on each

second class ticket. The airline reserves at least 20 seats for first class.

However atleast four times as many passengers prefer to travel by second

class than by first class. Determine, how many tickets of each type must

be sold to maximize profit for the airline.

14.

A diet for a sick person must contain atleast 4000 units of vitamins, 50

units of minerals and 1400 units of calories. Two foods A and B are

available at a cost of Rs. 5 and Rs. 4 per unit respectively. One unit of food

A contains 200 unit of vitamins, 1 unit of minerals and 40 units of calories

whereas one unit of food B contains 100 units of vitamins, 2 units of

minerals and 40 units of calories. Find what combination of the food A and

B should be used to have least cost but it must satisfy the requirements

of the sick person. What is balanced diet and what is the importance of

balanced diet in daily life?

1.

Min z = 60 at x = 5, y = 5.

Max z = 180 at the two corner points (0, 20) and (15, 15).

2.

No minimum value.

3.

4.

Values promoted are keeping the productivity of the soil so that vegetables

and fruits are free from chemicals.

5.

6.

[124]

7.

8.

At 25 km/h he should travel 50/3 km, At 40 km/h, 40/3 km. Max. distance

30 km in 1 hr.

9.

10.

Type A : 4;

Type B : 3

11.

12.

Maximum profit Rs. 1300, No. of belts of type A = 200 No. of bells of type

B = 600.

13.

No. of first class tickets = 40, No. of 2nd class tickets = 160.

14.

A diet containing all the nutrients in appropriate quantity is called balanced

diet. It is important to have all the nutrients in our diet to keep the body

healthy.

[125]

CHAPTER 13

PROBABILITY

random experiment, then P(A/B) represents the probability of occurrence

of event-A knowing that event B has already occurred.

P A B

P A B

, P B 0

P B

P(B) 0, means that the event should not be impossible.

P(A B) = P(A and B) = P(B) P(A/B)

Similarly

associated with any random experiment and the occurrence of one depends

on the other then

P(A B) = P(A) P(B/A) where P(A) 0

When the occurrence of one does not depend on the other then these

events are said to be independent events.

Here

P(A B) = P(A) P(B)

space and E1, E2... En all have non-zero probability. A be any event

associated with sample space S, which occurs with E1 or E2,...... or En,

then

P(A) = P(E1) . P(A/E1) + P(E2) . P(A/E2) + .... + P(En) . P(A/En).

[126]

mutually exclusive and exhaustive events associated with a random

experiment. If A is any event which occurs with E1, or E2 or ... En, then.

P Ei P A Ei

P Ei A

P E P A E

i

i 1

space of random experiment.

such that

X:

x1

x2

x3...

xn

P(X):

P(x1)

P(x2)

P(x3)...

P(xn)

Where

P xi 0 and

P x 1

i

i 1

n

E X

P xi

i 1

n

var(X) = x2

xi

P xi

i 1

2

i

x P x

i 1

random variable X.

Bernoulli Trials : Trials of random experiment are called Bernoulli trials if:

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

[127]

Binomial Distribution :

p = Probability of Success

q = Probability of Failure

n = total number of trails

r = value of random variable.

1.

2.

Find P(A B) if A and B are two events such that P(A) = 0.5, P(B) = 0.6

and P(A B) = 0.8

3.

A soldier fires three bullets on enemy. The probability that the enemy will

be killed by one bullet is 0.7. What is the probability that the enemy is still

alive?

4.

5.

20 cards are numbered 1 to 20. One card is drawn at random. What is the

probability that the number on the card will be a multiple of 4?

6.

Three coins are tossed once. Find the probability of getting at least one

head.

7.

1

. Find the probability

5

8.

9.

X

P(X)

1

15

15k 2

15

[128]

15k 1

15

15

10.

distribution for some number k.

P X 2k

3k

if X 0

if X = 1 , find k .

if X = 2

11.

1 1

1

,

and . What is the probability that the problem is

solving it are

2 3

4

solved.

12.

that it is a prime?

13.

1

1

1

P A , P B

and P A B . Find P (not A and not B).

4

2

8

14.

at random to answer a question. Find the probability that the roll number

of the selected student is either a multiple of 5 or of 7.

15.

A can hit a target 4 times in 5 shots B three times in 4 shots and C twice

in 3 shots. They fire a volley. What is the probability that atleast two shots

hit.

16.

Two dice are thrown once. Find the probability of getting an even number

on the first die or a total of 8.

17.

A and B throw a die alternatively till one of them throws a 6 and wins the

game. Find their respective probabilities of winning, if A starts the game.

18.

1

3

and P(B) = p

, P A B

2

5

find p if events

(i)

(ii)

are independent.

[129]

19.

A man takes a step forward with probability 0.4 and backward with probability

0.6. Find the probability that at the end of eleven steps he is one step away

from the starting point.

20.

Two cards are drawn from a pack of well shuffled 52 cards one by one with

replacement. Getting an ace or a spade is considered a success. Find the

probability distribution for the number of successes.

21.

In a game, a man wins a rupee for a six and looses a rupee for any other

number when a fair die is thrown. The man decided to throw a die thrice

but to quit as and when he gets a six. Find the expected value of the

amount he wins/looses.

22.

Suppose that 10% of men and 5% of women have grey hair. A grey haired

person is selected at random. What is the probability that the selected

person is male assuming that there are 60% males and 40% females.

23.

A card from a pack of 52 cards is lost. From the remaining cards of the

pack, two cards are drawn. What is the probability that they both are

diamonds?

24.

Ten eggs are drawn successively with replacement from a lot containing 10%

defective eggs. Find the probability that there is at least one defective egg.

25.

26.

4

will clear a hurdle is , what is the probability that he will knock down in

5

fewer than 2 hurdles?

27.

Bag A contains 4 red, 3 white and 2 black balls. Bag B contains 3 red, 2

white and 3 black balls. One ball is transferred from bag A to bag B and

then a ball is drawn from bag B. The ball so drawn is found to be red. Find

the probability that the transferred ball is black.

28.

29.

(i)

(iii)

A doctor is to visit a patient. From the past experience, it is known that the

probabilities that he will come by train, bus, scooter by other means of

[130]

3 1 1

2

, ,

and . The probabilities that he

10 5 10

5

1 1

1

, , and

will be late are

if he comes by train, bus and scooter

4 3

12

respectively but if comes by other means of transport, then he will not be

late. When he arrives, he is late. What is the probability that he comes by

train?

transport are respectively

30.

reports that it is six. Find the probability that it is actually a six. What is the

importance of "Always Speak the Truth"?

31.

An insurance company insured 2000 scooter drivers, 4000 car drivers and

6000 truck drivers. The probability of an accident is 0.01, 0.03 and 0.15

respectively. One of the insured persons meets with an accident. What is

the probability that he is a scooter driver? Which mode of transport would

you suggest to a student and why?

32.

Two cards from a pack of 52 cards are lost. One card is drawn from the

remaining cards. If drawn card is heart, find the probability that the lost

cards were both hearts.

33.

A box X contains 2 white and 3 red balls and a bag Y contains 4 white and

5 red balls. One ball is drawn at random from one of the bags and is found

to be red. Find the probability that it was drawn from bag Y.

34.

3

answer or guesses. Let

be the probability that he knows the answer and

4

1

be the probability that he guesses. Assuming that a student who guesses

4

1

at the answer will be incorrect with probability . What is the probability

4

that the student knows the answer, given that he answered correctly?

35.

Suppose a girl throws a die. If she gets 5 or 6, she tosses a coin three

times and notes the number of heads. If she gets 1, 2, 3 or 4 she tosses

a coin once and notes whether a head or tail is obtained. If she obtained

exactly one head. What is the probability that she throws 1, 2, 3 or 4 with

the die?

36.

of the total bolts respectively, 2%, 5% and 10% of the bolts produced by

[131]

product and is found to be defective. What is the probability that it has

been manufactured by machine A?

37.

Two urns A and B contain 6 black and 4 white, 4 black and 6 white balls

respectively. Two balls are drawn from one of the urns. If both the balls

drawn are white, find the probability that the balls are drawn from urn B.

38.

Two cards are drawn from a well shuffled pack of 52 cards. Find the mean

and variance for the number of face cards obtained.

39.

Write the probability distribution for the number of heads obtained when

three coins are tossed together. Also, find the mean and variance of the

number of heads.

40.

Two groups are competing for the position on the Board of Directors of a

corporation. The probabilities that the first and the second groups will win

are 0.6 and 0.4 respectively. Further if the first group wins, the probability

of introducing a new product is 0.7 and the corresponding probability is 0.3

if the second group wins. Find the probability that the new product introduced

was by the second group.

1.

0.3

2.

3

10

3.

(0. 3)3

4.

2

7

5.

1

4

6.

7

8

7.

4

5

8.

16

25

9.

10.

4

15

11.

3

4

12.

1

3

13.

3

8

14.

8

25

[132]

1

6

15.

5

6

17.

6 5

,

11 11

18.

(i) p

19.

0.3678 or

16.

5

9

1

1

, (ii) p

10

5

11C (0.4)5

5

(0.6)5

20.

X

P(X)

81/169

72/169

16/169

91

54

21.

23.

1

17

25.

var X

26.

12 4

5 5

28.

(i)

22.

3

4

24.

9

1

10

27.

6

31

35

.

12

105

512

(ii)

193

512

(iii)

29.

1

2

30.

3

By speaking truth, integrity of character develops..

8

31.

10

53

64

1

Cycle should be promoted as it is good for (i) Health (ii) No pollution

52

(iii) Saves energy.

[133]

32.

22

425

33.

25

52

34.

12

13

35.

8

11

36.

12

37

37.

5

7

38.

Mean

6

974

, Variance

13

2873

39.

X

P(X)

40.

2

9

[134]

Mean

3

2

Variance

3

4

Note : This is a CBSE Question Paper of the Session 2013-14. This contains 29

questions. However, from the Session 2014-15, number of questions have been

reduced to 26.

General Instructions

1.

2.

B and C. Section A comprises of 10 questions of one mark each, Section

B comprises of 12 questions of four marks each and Section C comprises

of 7 questions of six marks each.

3.

or as per the exact requirement of the question.

4.

4 questions of four marks each and 2 questions of six marks each. You

have to attempt only one of the alternatives in all such questions.

5.

1.

Let * be a binary operation, on the set of all non zero real numbers given

ab

by a * b =

for all a, b R{0} .

5

Find the value of x, given that 2 * (x * 5) = 10.

2.

3.

3

If 2

5

4 1

x 0

y

7

1

10

0

, find (x y).

5

[135]

4.

1

[x, 1] 2

0

0

0

5.

2x

If 8

5

6

x

7

6.

x

3

7.

Evaluate

2

3 , write the value of x.

dx

9 x2

0

8.

9.

If a and b are two unit vectors such that a + b is also a unit vector, then

10.

Write the vector equation of the plane, passing through the point (a, b, c)

and parallel to the plane r . (i j k ) 2

11.

(c, d) if a + d = b + c for (a, b), (c, d) in A A prove that R is an

equivalence relation.

Also obtain the equivalence class [(2, 5)]

12.

1 sin x

1 sin x

1 sin x

x

2 ; x 0, 4

1 sin x

OR

Prove that 2 tan

1 5 2

1 1

1

5 sec 7 2 tan 8 4

[136]

13.

2y

2z

x y z

14.

y z x

2z

2x

Differentiate tan

cos

2y

3

z x y (x y z )

2x

1 x

with respect to

2x 1 x , when x 0

2

d y

1 dy

y dx

15.

16.

dx

y

0

x

(b) Strictly Decreasing

OR

Find the equations of the tangent and normal to the curve

3

3

x a sin and y a cos at

4

6

17.

Evaluate :

sin x cos x

2

dx

sin x cos x

OR

Evaluate :

18.

(x

3) x

3x 18 dx

1 y

dx

y

dy 0 , given that y = 1 when x = 0

x

[137]

19.

20.

dy

2

2xy 2

dx

x 1

Prove that, for any three vectors a, b , c

(x

1)

a b , b c , c a 2 a, b , c

OR

21.

x 1

y 3

z 5

and

3

5

7

x 2

y 4

z 6

1

3

5

22.

family has two children, what is the conditional probability that both are

girls? Given that

(i)

(ii)

23.

Two Schools P and Q want to award their selected students on the values

of discipline, politeness and punctuality. The school P wants to award

Rs. x each, Rs. y each and Rs. z each for the three respective values to

its 3, 2 and 1 students with a total award money of Rs. 1000. School Q

wants to spend Rs. 1500 to award its 4, 1 and 3 students on the respective

values (By giving the same award money for the three values as before).

If the total amount of awards for one prize on each value is Rs. 600, using

matrices, find the award money for each value.

Apart from the above three values, suggest one more value for awards.

[138]

24.

Show that the semi-vertical angle of the cone of the maximum volume and

1 1

of given slant height is cos

.

3

/3

25.

Evaluate :

/6

dx

1

cot x

26.

Find the area of the region in the first quadrant enclosed by the x-axis, the

line y = x and circle x2 + y2 = 32

27.

Find the distance between the point (7, 2, 4) and the plane determined by

the points A(2, 5, 3), B(2, 3, 5) and C(5, 3, 3).

OR

Find the distance of the point (1, 5, 10) from the point intersection of

the line

r 2i j 2k (3i 4 j 2k ) and the plane r . (i j k ) 5 .

28.

He has only Rs. 5760 to invest and has space for at most 20 items for

storage. An electronic sewing machine costs him Rs. 360 and a manually

operated sewing machine Rs. 240. He can sell an electronic sewing machine

at a profit of Rs. 22 and a manually operated sewing machine at a profit

of Rs. 18. Assuming that he can sell all the items that can buy, how should

he invest his money in order to maximise his profit? Make it as a LPP and

Solve it graphically.

29.

A card from a pack of 52 playing cards is lost. From the remaining cards

of the pack three cards are drawn at random (without replacement) and

are found to be all spades. Find the probability of the lost card being a

spade.

OR

From a lot of 15 bulbs which include 5 defectives, a sample of 4 bulbs is

drawn one by one with replacement. Find the probability distribution of

number of defective bulbs.

Hence find the mean of the distribution.

[139]

SECTION A

Q. No.

Marks

1-10. 1. x = 25, 2. x =

3/2

6.

2x

7.

,

12

10.

1

, 3. 10, 4. x = 2, 5. x 6 ,

5

2 x c,

8. 5,

r (ai

9.

2

3

bj ck ) . (i j k ) 0

or

r . (i j k ) a b c

110=10 m

SECTION B

11.

(a, b ) A A

a + b = b + a (a, b) R (a, b) R is reflexive

e

1m

If (a, b) R (c, d) i.e. a + d = b + c

c + b = d + a

1m

If (a, b) R (c, d) & (c, d) R (e, f) i.e. a + d = b + c & c + f = d + e

Adding, a + d + c + f = b + c + d + e a + f = b + e

then (a, b) R (e, f) R is transitive

e

e

R is reflexive, symmetric and transitive

[Class XII : Maths]

[140]

1m

12.

[(2, 5)] = {(1, 4), (2, 5), (3, 6), (4, 7), (5, 8), (6, 9)}

cot

1 sin x

1 sin x

1

cot

cot

1 sin x

1 sin x

x

x

cos 2 sin 2

x

x

cos 2 sin 2

2 cos 2

2 sin x

x

x

cos 2 sin 2

x

x

cos 2 sin 2

x

x

1

cot cot

2

2

2m

1m

OR

1 1

1 1

1 5 2

LHS 2 tan

tan

sec

5

8

2 tan

2 tan

tan

13.

1

1

5

8 tan 1 1

1

7

1

40

1

1

tan

3

1+m

1

2.

1

3 tan 1 1

2

7

7

1

1

3

1 1

1 25

1

tan

tan

tan (1)

RHS

4

7

25

4

2y

LHS =

2z

x y z

y z x

2z

2x

1m

1m

2y

z x y

2x

[141]

x y z

2z

=

x y z

x y z

2z

2x

x y z

z x y R1 R1 R 2 R 3

2x

1m

x y z

2z

x y z

0

0

x y z

0

C 2 C 2 C1

(x y z ) ;

C 3 C 3 C1

x y z

2m

= (x + y + z) {0 . (x + y + z) + (x + y + z)2} = (x + y + z)3

14.

Let u tan

1 x

x cos cos

u tan

and v cos

1

2

, v cos 2x 1 x ,

1 cos

1

1

cos

cos 2 2

1

2

2 cos x

2

2

du

dx

du

dv

1m

2 cos 1 cos

1m

1

1 x

1

1 x

dv

dx

1m

2

1 x

1 x

2

1

2

1m

1m

15.

y x

log y = x log x,

[142]

1 dy

log x 1,

y dx

1 d y

1 dy

2

2

y dx

y dx

d y

dx

16.

1 dy

y dx

1

,

x

Diff. w.r.t. x

1m

Diff. w.r.t. x

1m

y

0

x

1+m

+

-1 0

+

2

f '(x ) 0, x ( , 1) (0, 2)

1m

and strictly decreasing in ( , 1) (0, 2)

OR

a

a

,

Point at 4 is

2 2 2 2

dy

dx

2

2

3a cos sin ;

3a sin cos

d

d

1m

2

dy

3a cos sin

2

slope of tangent at 4 is dx

3a sin cos

4

cot

1

4

1m

a

a

1 x

0

x y

2 2

2 2

2

[143]

1m

1 x

x y 0

2 2

2 2

6

17.

sin x cos x

dx

sin x . cos x

2

2

2

2

sin x cos x sin x cos x

2

2

3 sin x cos x

dx 1m

sin x . cos x

dx

sin 2 x . cos 2 x

sin 2 x cos 2 x

dx

3

sin 2 x . cos 2 x

sec

x cos ec x 3 dx

= tan x cot x 3x + c

1m

OR

3 x

3x 18 dx

1

2x 3 x

2

1 2

. (x

2 3

1

(x

3

3x 18 dx

3x 18)

3x 18)

x

2

9

2

2

3/2

9

2

9

2

x 2

3x 18 dx

9

2

1m

dx

1m

3/2

3x 18

81

3

log x

8

2

3 x 18 c

1m

[Class XII : Maths]

[144]

1

x

3

or

18.

3x 18

3/2

9

2x 3 x

8

y

x

dy xe dx

x

1 y dx

3x 18

81

3

log x

2

2

y

1 y

3x 18 c

1m

dy

xe

dx

xe

1

2

2y

dy

1 y

1 y

1+1m

c

x

For x = 0 y = 1, c = 1 solution is : e (x 1)

19.

1 y

1 +m

dy

2x

2

y

dx

x 1

(x

Integrating factor =

Solution is y . x

y x

y x

1 2

1 log

2

2

1)

2x

2 dx

x 1

1

x

1m

log( x

1)

x

. x

1

1 dx c

1m

1m

dx c

x 1

c

x 1

[145]

1m

20.

a b , b c ,

= a b b

c a a b .

c b a c c

b c c a

c a

m

1m

a . b c a . b a a . c a b . b c

b . b a b . c a

1m

a . b a a . c a b . b c b . b a 0

2 a . b c 2 a, b , c

1m

OR

a b c 0

a b

a b c

2

2

c c

2

2a .b c

m

2

1m

.9 25 2 a b cos 49, being angle between a & b

cos

21.

Let

15

1

2.3.5

2

3

1m

1m

x 1

y 3

z 5

x 2

y 4

z 6

u;

v

3

5

7

1

3

5

(3u 1, 5u 3, 7u 5) & (v + 2, 3v + 4. 5v + 6)

1m

lines intersect if

3u 1 = v + 2, 5u 3 = 3v + 4, 7u 5 = 5v + 6 for some u & v 1m

or 3u v = 3.........(1), 5u 3v = 7............(2), 7u 5v = 11.............(3)

1

3

,v

2

2

1

3

5 11 lines intersect

2

2

[Class XII : Maths]

[146]

1

Point of intersection of lines is : 2 ,

22.

1

,

2

3

2

1m

and b1, g1 be elder, then, sample space of two children is

S = {(b1, b2), (g1, g2), (b1, g2), (g1, b2)}

1m

B = Event that at least one is a girl = {(g1, g2), (b1, g2), (g1, b2)}

E = Event that both are girls = {(g1, g2)}

(i)

P (E / A)

P (E A)

1

P (A )

2

1m

(ii)

P (E / B )

P (E B )

1

P (B )

3

1m

SECTION - C

23.

Here

3x + 2y + z = 1000

4x + y + 3z = 1500

x + y + z

3

4

2

1

1

1

3

= 600

1m

x

1000

y 1500 or A . X B

z

600

1

Co-factors are

A11 = 2,

A12 = 1,

A13 = 3

A21 = 1,

A22 = 2,

A23 = 1

A31 = 5,

A32 = 5,

A33 = 5

[147]

1m

x

2

1

y

1

5

z

3

1 5 1000

2 5 1500

1 5 600

1m

i.e. Rs. 100 for discipline, Rs. 200 for politeness & Rs. 300 for punctuality

24.

1m

2

+ h

= l 2, l (constant)

2

2

h l h

3

dv

2

2

l 3h

dh

3

3 l

dv

0 h

dh

d v

dh

cos

l

3

/6

1m

3

l

3

cos

dx

1

2 l

3

1m

, volume is maximum

/3

25.

h h

1m

2h 2 .

at h

1

2

r h

3

cot x

/3

/6

3

sin x

sin x

[148]

cos x

1m

dx

1m

sin

x

6

3

/3

sin

x

6

3

/6

/3

/6

cos x

cos x

sin x

1m

dx

1m

/3

Adding we get, 2 I

dx

cos

x

6

3

/3

dx x / 6

3

6

6

2m

/6

12

1m

-axis

26.

Correct Figure

1m

2

x +y =32

-axis

each other at x 4

1m

4 2

4 2

x dx

4 2

dx

1m

x 2

x 32 x

2

2

0

4 2

16 sin

4 2

4

1m

8 4 8 4 sq. units

27.

1m

x 2

4

3

y 5

8

2

z 3

8

0 16x 24 y 32z 56 0

0

i .e. 2x 3 y 4z 7 0

[149]

9 16 4

29

] 3+1m

1m

1m

OR

Putting in the equation of plane; we get

1. 2 3 1. 1 4 1. 2 2 5

1m

1m

Distance =

28.

2 1 2

1 5

2 10

1m

169 13

1m

purchased respectively

Y

24

20

B(8,12)

16

C 16

20

24

+ = 20

3 +2 = 48

Subject to

or

3x 2y 48

x y 20

x 0, y 0

2m

2m

[150]

P (A) = 360, P (B) = 392, P (C) = 352

Manual Machines = 12

29.

Let

1m

E2 : Event that lost card is a non spade

from 51 cards

P (E 1)

13

1

1

3

, P (E 2 ) 1

52

4

4

4

12

P ( A / E 1)

13

C3

, P (A / E 2 )

51

C3

1

.

4

P (E 1 / A )

1

.

4

12

C3

51

C3

12

1m

C3

1m

51

C3

C3

51

C3

3

.

4

13

1+1m

C3

51

C3

10

49

1m

OR

Probability of defective bulb

5

1

15

3

[151]

1m

m

1

2

3

3

Probability distribution is :

X:

P (X ) :

16

81

0

X P (X ) :

Mean

32 24

81 81

8

81

1

81

32 48

81 81

24

81

4

81

X P (X )

108

81

or

2+m

4

3

[152]

1m

General Instructions

1.

2.

B and C. Section A comprises of 6 questions of one mark each, Section

B comprises of 13 questions of four marks each and Section C comprises

of 7 questions of six marks each.

3.

or as per the exact requirement of the question.

4.

You have to attempt only one of the alternatives in all such questions.

5.

1.

k 3

If A a

5

0 is skew symmetric matrix,

2.

y = x2 3x + 7

at point

P (1, 5)

sin x

3.

Evaluate,

cos 3 x dx

[153]

4.

5.

15

If a 3, b 5 and a . b

then

2

6.

and 2i 3k

x 1

y 1

1 z

4

2

2

perpendicular, then write the value of p.

If the lines

7.

8

A

5

8.

3

2

Two schools A and B decided to award prizes to their students for two

values honesty and punctuality. School A decided to award a total of Rs.

18000 for two values to 2 and 3 students respectively while School B

decided to award Rs. 22000 for two values to 6 and 1 students respectively.

What is the amount given for honesty and for punctuality. Solve using

matrix method.

Which value you prefer to be rewarded most and why?

9.

If

x 7

x 8

x 9

18

25

32

y a

y b 0 and a + c 2b

y c

10.

Prove that

cos

1 4

1 63

12

13 sin 5 tan 16

[154]

OR

1

1

2b

1 a

1 a

11.

3ax 1

x 1

2

5x 7 , 1 x 3

If f(x) =

is a continuous function, find the value of

x 3

2bx 8

a and b.

12.

If xy + xx =1, find

13.

dy

.

dx

OR

Prove that the curves x = y2 and x y = k cut at right angle if 8k2=1.

1

14.

Evaluate,

log(1 x )

1 x

. dx

OR

Find

x

x

6 x

2

tan

dx

x dx

15.

Evaluate

16.

17.

If a 7,

18.

Find the perpendicular distance of the point (1, 0, 0) from the line

b 13,

a . b 35, find the value of

a b .

x 1

y 1

z 10

2

3

8

[155]

19.

A coin is biased so that the tail is 3 times as likely to occur as head. If the

coin is tossed twice, find the probability distribution of number of tails.

20.

2x 3

. Show

w

x 3

21.

22.

womans day from a circular sheet of radius r cm. Find the dimensions of

triangular poster so that the wastage of paper is minimum.

(i)

(ii)

R =

x , y : 6x y

16 x

23.

1 e dx e

x /y

24.

x /y

Find the equation of the plane passing through the point (1, 2, 3) and

OR

Find the foot of perpendicular and the length of perpendicular drawn from

find the image of P in this line.

25.

was 5. What is the probability that it was actually 5. What can you say

about truthfulness of a person.

[156]

26.

If a person rides his motor cycle at 25 km/h, he has to spend Rs. 2 per

km on petrol. If he rides at a faster speed of 40 km/h, the petrol cost

increases to Rs. 5 per km. He has Rs. 100 to spend on petrol and wishes

to cover the maximum distance within one hour. Express this as L.P.P. and

solve it graphically. What values are being promoted here?

Section A

1.

k = 3

2.

3.

1

1

2

2

sec x c or

tan x c

2

2

4.

2

3

6.

p = 1

5.

22 sq. units

Section - B

1

2

5

3

8

7.

8.

Amount given for punctuality = Rs. 4000

9.

x = 31/7

11.

x

a = 1/3, b = 23/3

y 1

12.

dy

x (1 log x ) yx

y

dx

x log x

13.

14.

log 2

2

OR

[157]

15.

3

2

x

1x

1

1

tan x

log x

3

3 2

2

16.

2y

dx

18.

19.

d y

dy

dx

1 c

a b 84

17.

24 units

P(X) 1/16

3/8

9/16

Section - C

(x )

3x 3

x 2

20.

22.

32

4 3

3 3 sq. units.

23.

x y .e

24.

Equation of plane is 8x 6y + z = 23

x /y

21.

OR

8

sq. units..

3

OR

(1, 6, 0), 2 6 unit & image is (3, 8, 2)

25.

4/9, If a person speaks truth then integrity and character develops & he/

she rises in life.

26.

30 km in 1 hr. (

50

40

km at 25 km/hr and

km at 40 km/hr) The values

3

3

promoted are the safety of life and saving petrol (energy).

[158]

General Instructions

1.

2.

B and C. Section A comprises of 6 questions of one mark each, Section

B comprises of 13 questions of four marks each and Section C comprises

of 7 questions of six marks each.

3.

or as per the exact requirement of the question.

4.

You have to attempt only one of the alternatives in all such questions.

5.

1.

Solve for x :

2

x

1

1 1

0

2 3

2

6

in

1

2.

3.

3

0

5

5

4

7

a . x a 15.

[159]

4.

5.

Find

6.

x

e

dx

7.

If y cot

sin y tan

cos x

tan 1

x

2

OR

If tan

8.

1 x 1

x 1

x 2 tan x 2 4 , then find the value of x.

ab

ac

9.

ab

b

cb

0

If A

tan /2

that

ac

bc

c

1 a

tan /2

w

and I is the identity matrix of order 2, show

0

cos

I A (I A)

sin

sin

cos

OR

3 1

If A

, show that A2 5A + 7 I = 0.

1 2

Hence find A1.

[160]

10.

x = 3.

OR

Find the value of a and b such that the function defined by

5

f (x ) ax b

21

if

if x 2

2 x 10

if x 10

is a continuous function.

2

2

dy

y

y

2

dx

x

y

11.

x

If tan

x

12.

1

x

13.

is

Evaluate

cos(x

1

dx

a ) cos(x b )

OR

Evaluate

x2 1

dx

2

(x 1)

14.

Find the equation of the plane passing through the point (1, 2, 1) and

perpendicular to the line joining the points (1, 4, 2) and (2, 3, 5). Also find

the perpendicular distance of the plane from the origin.

15.

for a job two times as likely as others. If there are two posts for a job, find

the probability distribution for selection of his relatives. Is the presence of

such type of people in selection committee reasonable? Which type of

values will be demolished here?

[161]

16.

17.

2

2

2

2

1 x 1 x

Find the general solution of the differential equation,

Differentiate tan

dy

x y

2 y

e

x e

dx

18.

The scalar product of the vector i j k with a unit vector along the

sum of vectors 2i 4 j 5k and i 2 j 3k is equal to one. Find the

value of .

19.

x

2

3

6

3x

2x

1

x 3 0 and solve it completely..

x 2

20.

Of the students in a college, it is known that 60% reside in hostel and 40%

are day scholars. Previous year results report that 30% of all the students

who resided in hostel attained A grade and 20% of day scholars attained

A grade in their annual exam. At the end of year, one student is chosen

at random from the college and he has A grade, what is the probability that

the student is a hostler?

What main values are developed in hostel life?

21.

ab

a *b

a, b Q . Check whether * is commutative & associative?

4

Find the identity element in Q w.r.t. * . Also, find the inverse of 8.

22.

A manufacturer considers that men and women workers are equally efficient

and so pays them at the same rate. He has 30 workers and 17 units of

capital, which he uses to produce two types of goods A and B. To produce

one unit of A, 2 workers and 3 units of capital are required while 3 workers

[162]

sold at Rs. 100 and Rs. 200 per unit respectively, how should he use his

resources to maximise the total revenue? Form the above as LPP and

solve it graphically.

Do you agree with the view of the manufacturer that men and women

workers are equally efficient and so should be paid at the same rate?

23.

circular opening. The total perimeter of the window is 10m. Find the

dimensions of the window such that it admits maximum light and air in the

house. Why are such windows necessary for a house?

OR

Prove that the volume of the largest cone, that can be inscribed in a

8

sphere of radius R is

of the volume of the sphere..

27

24.

Draw a rough sketch of the region enclosed between the circles x2+y2=4

and (x 2)2 + y2 = 4. Using integration, find the area of the enclosed

region.

OR

Find the area of the region bounded by the parabola y = x2 and y x

25.

x

y 1

z 2

1

2

3

/2

26.

Show that

OR

4

Evaluate :

x dx as limit of sums..

[163]

Section - A

1.

1

7

2.

+46

3.

x 4

4.

8/7 units

5.

6.

1 x 2

e

c

2

Section - B

7.

9.

1 2

7 1

1

3

10.

a = 2, b = 1

12.

13.

1

sec( x a )

. log

c

sec( x b )

sin a b

14.

x y + 3z = 2,

15.

X

P (X )

0

1

9

OR

x 1 x

x 1 e c

2

11

1

4

9

2

4

9

No. Such persons who are biased should be avoided in the committee.

Honesty and integrity are the values being demolished.

16.

1/2

[164]

18.

19.

x = 1, 2, 15

c

3

17.

Section - C

20.

9

13

21.

2.

22.

Maximum Revenue = Rs. 1900

Yes. We all should give equal rights to men and women.

23.

20

10

length 4 m, breadth

m

4

24.

3 2 3 sq. units..

OR

1

sq. units..

3

25.

(1, 0, 7)

26.

OR

27

2

[165]

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