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PRESENTATION

ON TOTAL STATION
BY

Ashish pandey(civil)
BBS college of engineering&
technology

AIM
Collecting of Digitally survey

data by total station for


designing by advance software
for achieving higher accuracy in
short time.

INTRODUCTION
1.
Total Station includes Theodolite, Electronic
distance measurement (EDM) & data recorders.
2.
We collect vertical & horizontal data in a single
operation. Data recorder can record information in
the
field to take
back to
the
office for
processing.
3.
Data recorders can also be used to download
previously determined data at the office for use in
the field to stake out or to locate construction
control
points & boundaries.
4.
We can also designed traditionally(manually),
data collected by the Total station in data recorders.

Role of Total Station in Preparation of


Highway DPR

In Highway Detail Project Report (DPR)


preparation. Total Station is used for
collection of all Survey data digitally.

Digitally collected survey Data further


transferred to a computer to create Digital
design model by any designing software.
Designed Data up loaded in Total Station
for further staking out on ground.

Electronic Total Station DTM-552/652 Series (Face 2/Right)

Face Left & Face Right

DISPLAY BOARD

How Total Station works


Total Station collects all ground data in Three Dimensional
Format (Co-ordinate system).

Prior to collection of data, it requires at least two known points


(co-ordinates known), to set up the station.
After setting up the station it gives / collects the details of
points w.r.t. the two known points from the Station.
Total Station measures horizontal angles in WCB system
automatically from the assumed Meridian as worked in Station
set up and the Vertical angles from the Horizontal axis of the
instrument [above (+), below (-)].

. As this instrument gives all the engineering details of a station


/ point , the instruments has been named as Total Station.

Setting up the Tripod


Open the tripod legs enough to for the instrument
to stable.
Locate the tripod directly over the station point. To
the check tripod position look through the center

hole in the tripod head.


Firmly press the tripod ferrules into the ground.
Level the top surface of the tripod head.
Securely faster the thumb screws on the tripod
legs.
Place the Base plate on the tripod head
Tighten the tripod mounting screw.

LEVELING
Firstly level the base plate level by

tripod legs slide


Place the instrument on the base plate
and fixed by leveling base plate clamp
Loose the upper horizontal movement
plate clamp
Level by THREE LEGS METHOD

CREATING JOB
BMS Screen Press Menu

Select Job & ENT

Press MSR1 Key & ENT

CREATING JOB..(CONT)
Feed Job Name & ENT

Press ENT for Setting

Creating Job

BMS Screen

Station Setup by one station & one bearing

BMS Screen press STN Key

After ST Press ENT

Feed HI

Select Known & ENT

Feed ST. No.

Feed NEZ

Feed Code & ENT

After HI press ENT

Select Angle & ENT

. Station Setup by one station & one bearing


CONT

Asking Bearing

Feed Bearing & ENT

Turn to Face 2

Sight same point on F2

Press ENT for record

Recording Station

Sight BS & MSR 1 or ANG

Press ENT

Come back to BMS

Station Setup by Resection

BMS Screen press STN Key

After No. Press ENT

Sight 1st PT & MSR 1

Select Resection & ENT

Feed HT

Press ENT

Feed 1st PT No.

After HT Press ENT

Feed 2nd PT No.

Station Setup by Resection Method


CONT.

Feed HT for 2nd PT

Press ANG or ENT

Sight PT2 & MSR 1

Press ENT

Calculating the coordinate


Of Station PT.

Come back to the BMS

Measurement of Side Shots

Sight Prism & Press


MSR1 & ENT

Code appear Press ENT

After ENT asking code


Press ANG Key for Stack

Recording the Point

Select the code &ENT

After recording go to the next NO.

DOWN LOAD DATA FROM DTM -500/502/552


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

PWR on DTM
Open menu
Open job manager
Select open job & click
Your job is opened & System return back to BMS
Menu key than No 5 key for Communication click
(1) No key Down Load
Type of Data : Raw Data
Enter
Ready to send Data it will appear how much data lines
are going to transfer to you computer.

GO TO COMPUTER
1.

Start computer & go to All Program

2.

Transit

3.

Transit (Transit window open )

4.

Transfer

5.

Data Recorder to PC (window open data recorder to PC)

6.

Data Recorder: DTM -500/502/552

7.

Data format: Nikon Raw


(Directories selected) Example : C / program / Nikon/
Transit/ Down load

GO TO COMPUTER .Cont
8.

Job n(name : abcd

9.

OK (message window appears)

10.

OK (You will get data Receiving Box & its waiting for data)

11.

Return back to DTM(Total Station)-500/502/552

12.

(Press)Enter in DTM-500/502/552

13.

Start Data Transfer Show on window

Transfer Complete (message appears)


14.

OK (click on)

GO TO COMPUTER .Cont
15. Select or(click on) Keep All Old Coordinates ,Discard all
new coordinates
16. OK

Note :

Data Export in ASCII Coordinate or Raw Data format

STAKE OUT
1.

First setup the tripod on station and complete the leveling as per procedure.

2.

Open the Job (Menu Job Highlight the job and Enter.)

3.

Station Setup(7 No. Key (STN) Known (1 No. Key) ST input number input NEZ
HI input Back Sight Select Coordinate BS input number NEZ HT input
sight the
Back sight and press MSR1 key

4.

(for accuracy work press ANG for face 2 measurement and sight the same point on
face 2 and press MSR 1)

5.

Press enter to record

6.

Press S-O key (8 No. Key)

Select XYZ

8.

Feed the Number if available in the job instrument will take auto otherwise feed the
NEZ

9.

Now instrument will guide you. Rotate the angle and sight the prism and measure.
Now instrument will guide Left/right in/out cut/fill.

Conclusion

Every engineering project, surveying is


the first step of the execution of the success of
any engineering project. And it is based upon
the accurate and complete survey work prior to
commencement of project as well as during
execution and after completion.
Hence the survey by TOTAL STATION is
most important for accurate estimate in less
time and execution of work.