mac2

© All Rights Reserved

82 views

mac2

© All Rights Reserved

- Maugin - 2013 - Continuum Mechanics Through the Twentieth Century
- Lesson 7 Four Step Rule Differentiation Formulas2
- Break Even Analysis
- Mathematical Methods for Physics and Engineering
- hw2_sol
- Variational Iteration Method for Vibration Problems
- If Em
- gaLERKIN -scriptie_Koop
- ch03_ex.pdf
- 10 04 Intro to Finite Element Methods
- Calculus of Variations.pdf
- 7
- Mat502 Applied-Engineering-mathematics Th 2.00 Ac18
- Stress Analysis in a Functionally Graded Disc n
- bfm%3A978-0-8176-8114-2%2F1
- 2nd Semester (All Branches)
- IFEM.Ch11.pdf
- 50403 Derivatives CN IITAdvanced Maths DoneChecked
- Anvils Horn 9505
- unit 2 lesson plan r p 1

You are on page 1of 6

solve problems.

New Vocabulary

direct variation

constant of variation

Math Online

glencoe.com

Extra Examples

Personal Tutor

Self-Check Quiz

that shows the output of a color printer.

24

18

Pages

MAIN IDEA

Direct Variation

2. Is the total number of pages printed

12

6

time? If so, what is the constant ratio?

Time (minutes)

In the example above, the number of minutes and the number of pages

printed both vary, while the ratio of pages printed to minutes, 1.5 pages

per minute, remains constant.

When the ratio of two variable quantities is constant, their relationship

is called a direct variation. The constant ratio is called the constant of

variation.

1 FUNDRAISER The amount of

bike-a-thon is shown in the graph

at the right. Determine the

amount that Robin raises for

each mile she rides.

9- 5

the rate of change is constant. Use the

graph to find the constant ratio.

amount raised

__

distance

15

7.5

_

or _

2

30

20

10

Distance (miles)

30

7.5

_

or _

4

40

45

7.5

_

or _

6

60

7.5

_

or _

8

4,750 feet. If the distance varies directly as the time, at what rate

is the skydiver descending?

487

assigned a special variable, k.

Direct Variation

Words

Key Concept

A direct variation is a

relationship in which

the ratio of y to x is a

constant, k. We say y

varies directly with x.

Model

4

2

_y

Symbols

k = x or y = kx,

where k 0

Example

y = 3x

-4

-2

y = 3x

2

4x

-2

-4

2 PETS Refer to the information at the left. Assume that the age of a

Real-World Link

Most pets age at a

different rate than their

human companions.

For example, a 3-yearold dog is often

considered to be 21 in

human years.

the human-year age of a dog that is 6 years old?

Write an equation of direct variation. Let x represent the dogs

actual age and let y represent the human-equivalent age.

y = kx

21 = k(3)

7=k

y = 7x

Direct variation

y = 21, x = 3

Simplify.

Substitute for k = 7.

y = 7x

y = 7(6)

x=6

y = 42

Multiply.

Proportions

In Example 2, you can also

use a proportion to solve

direct variation problems.

Write ratios comparing the

human equivalent age to

the actual age.

21 = x

_ _

3

126 = 3x

42 = x

if necessary.

change. When the x-value changes by an amount a, then the y-value will

change by the corresponding amount ka. In the previous example, when

x changed by a factor of 6, y changed by 7(6) or 42.

488

Look Back

To review proportional

relationships, see Lessons

4-2 and 4-5.

Likewise, not all linear functions are direct variations.

Determine whether each linear function is a direct variation. If so,

state the constant of variation.

Miles, x

25

50

75

100

Gallons, y

gallons

_

1

_

2

1

_

or _

25

miles

50

common ratio.

3

1

_

or _

25

75

25

4

1

_

or _

25

100

Since the ratios are the same, the function is a direct variation. The

1

constant of variation is _

.

25

Hours, x

Earnings, y

36

52

68

84

earnings

_

36

18

_

or _

2

hours

52

13

_

or _

68

11.33

_

or _

6

84

10.50

_

or _

8

The ratios are not the same, so the function is not a direct variation.

c.

Days, x

Height, y

10

15

20

12.5

25

37.5

50

d. Time, x

Distance, y

Table

Direct Variations

Notice that the graph of

a direct variation, which

is a proportional linear

relationship, is a line that

passes through the origin.

-2

-1

-4

-2

y

x

10

12

16

20

24

Concept Summary

Graph

Equation

y = 2x

Table

Graph

-2

-1

-5

-3

_yx _5

_3

Equation

y = 2x - 1

489

(p. 487)

Example 2

(p. 488)

the production line operates. What is the ratio

of computers built to hours of production?

Computers

Example 1

1

travels 210 miles in 3_

hours. Assuming

60

40

20

(p. 489)

HOMEWORK

HELP

For

Exercises

See

Examples

45

611

1215

2

3, 4

constant of variation.

the grass breaks the soil surface,

its height varies directly with

the number of days. What is the

rate of growth?

Hours, x

Miles, y

116

174

232

290

number of newspapers he

delivers. How much does

Dusty earn for each newspaper

delivery?

y

Earnings ($)

Height (in.)

2

1

Hours

proportional to the time traveled,

how far will the bus travel in 6 hours?

Examples 3, 4

Days

6

4

2

12

Newspapers

ship, it is 25 meters below the surface. After 30 minutes, the submarine has

descended 75 meters. At what rate is the submarine diving?

7. MOVIES The Stratton family rented 3 DVDs for $10.47. The next weekend,

they rented 5 DVDs for $17.45. What is the rental fee for a DVD?

8. MEASUREMENT Morgan used 3 gallons of paint to cover 1,050 square feet

and 5 gallons to paint an additional 1,750 square feet. How many gallons of

paint would she need to cover 2,800 square feet?

9. MEASUREMENT The weight of an object on Mars varies directly with

210 pounds on Earth. If an object weighs 160 pounds on Earth, how much

would it weigh on Mars?

490

screen that is 60 centimeters wide and 33.75 centimeters high. Find the

height of a television screen that is 90 centimeters wide.

11. BAKING A cake recipe requires 2_ cups of flour for 12 servings. How much

3

4

Real-World Link

The aspect ratio of a

television screen

describes the ratio

of the width of the

screen to the height.

Standard screens have

an aspect ratio of 4:3

while wide-screen

televisions have an

aspect ratio of 16:9.

Determine whether each linear function is a direct variation. If so, state the

constant of variation.

12.

14.

Pictures, x

Profit, y

20

24

28

32

Age, x

10

11

12

13

Grade, y

13.

15.

Minutes, x

200

400

600

800

Cost, y

65

115

165

215

Price, x

10

15

20

25

Tax, y

0.70

1.05

1.40

1.75

ALGEBRA If y varies directly with x, write an equation for the direct variation.

Then find each value.

16. If y = -12 when x = 9, find y when x = -4.

17. Find y when x = 10 if y = 8 when x = 20.

18. If y = -6 when x = -14, what is the value of x when y = -4?

19. Find x when y = 25, if y = 7 when x = 8.

20. Find y when x = 5, if y = 12.6 when x = 14.

21. MEASUREMENT The number of centimeters in a measure varies directly as

50 inches long.

Inches, x

Centimeters, y

EXTRA

PRACTICE

12

15

of a rectangle that is 10 meters long?

H.O.T. Problems

=4m

w = 6.4 m

23. OPEN ENDED Identify values for x and y in a direct variation relationship

24. CHALLENGE The amount of stain needed to cover a wood surface is directly

square deck with a side of 7 feet, how many pints of stain are needed to

paint a square deck with a side of 10 feet 6 inches?

25.

x-value and explain how to find the corresponding change in the y-value.

Lesson 9-5 Direct Variation

491

in the table below.

reading period. How many pages

would she read in 45 minutes?

Distance Stretched, x

(centimeters)

Mass, y

(grams)

12

30

54

12

72

12 ounces of orange juice. If she uses

32 ounces of orange juice, which

proportion can she use to find x, the

number of ounces of pineapple juice

she should add to make the punch?

relationship between the distance

stretched x and the mass of an object

on the spring y?

A y = -6x

x

C y = -_

B y = 6x

x

D y=_

6

29.

8

x

H _

=_

8

32

_

G _

x = 12

8

x

J _

=_

32

12

12

32

(Lesson 9-4)

y

30.

8

32

F _

=_

x

12

31.

32. JOBS The function p = 7.5h describes the relationship between the

number of hours h Callie works and the amount she is paid p. Graph the

function. Then use your graph to determine how much Callie can expect

to earn if she works 20 hours. (Lesson 9-3)

33. HEALTH Many health authorities recommend that a healthy diet contains

no more than 30% of its Calories from fat. If Jennie consumes 1,500

Calories each day, what is the maximum number of Calories she should

consume from fat? (Lesson 5-3)

34. 7 + a = 15

492

35. 23 = d + 44

(Lesson 1-9)

36. 28 = n - 14

37. t - 22 = -31

- Maugin - 2013 - Continuum Mechanics Through the Twentieth CenturyUploaded byAngel Jacome
- Lesson 7 Four Step Rule Differentiation Formulas2Uploaded byMin Fong Hsu
- Break Even AnalysisUploaded byJoy Bernadette Grueso
- Mathematical Methods for Physics and EngineeringUploaded byMaickelSchwarze
- hw2_solUploaded bySoumya Rampal
- Variational Iteration Method for Vibration ProblemsUploaded byUsama Perwez
- If EmUploaded byapi-3700440
- gaLERKIN -scriptie_KoopUploaded byJuliano Deividy B. Santos
- ch03_ex.pdfUploaded byTom
- 10 04 Intro to Finite Element MethodsUploaded byJohn Bofarull Guix
- Calculus of Variations.pdfUploaded byEdgar R. Mondragón
- 7Uploaded byAshutosh Kumar
- Mat502 Applied-Engineering-mathematics Th 2.00 Ac18Uploaded bydipinrajdk
- Stress Analysis in a Functionally Graded Disc nUploaded byShrikant Dhole
- bfm%3A978-0-8176-8114-2%2F1Uploaded byLic Walter Andrés Ortiz Vargas
- 2nd Semester (All Branches)Uploaded byLove Souls
- IFEM.Ch11.pdfUploaded bysanoizu
- 50403 Derivatives CN IITAdvanced Maths DoneCheckedUploaded byarya
- Anvils Horn 9505Uploaded byoiii88
- unit 2 lesson plan r p 1Uploaded byapi-272841990
- NoteFigalli_13_12_2011Uploaded byAndreea Bucur
- Ratio and ProportionUploaded byAbby Myrrh Yap
- CoV1Uploaded byKuntal Das
- A Computational Approach To Edge Detection - j. Canny.pdfUploaded byKaarrlozz
- Syllabus Ph.DUploaded byNaveen Sharma
- EF_notes berkeley.pdfUploaded byDanilo Álvaro
- Topic 1 (Notes) DifferentiationUploaded byPGM140009 Student
- Mesoasimptotic.pdfUploaded byvahid
- CALCULUS -- David Guichard AND Neal Koblitz.pdfUploaded byJuan Fagalde
- 33092_10Uploaded byAndré Oliveira

- The Mystery of Purple PirateUploaded byJasmineKitchen
- Tsumtsum PatternsUploaded byJasmineKitchen
- Week 1 English.pdfUploaded byJasmineKitchen
- Amigurumi World Seriously Cute CrochetUploaded byJasmineKitchen
- 0581_w13_qp_11Uploaded byJasmineKitchen
- 0581_w13_qp_42.pdfUploaded byJasmineKitchen
- 0581_w13_ms_41Uploaded byJasmineKitchen
- 0581_w13_qp_43Uploaded byJasmineKitchen
- 0581_s12_ms_23.pdfUploaded byJasmineKitchen
- 0500_s03_ms_1+2+3Uploaded byJasmineKitchen
- 0581_w12_qp_42Uploaded byJasmineKitchen
- 0581_w11_qp_13Uploaded byJasmineKitchen
- 0581_w12_ms_12Uploaded byJasmineKitchen
- 0581_w12_qp_41Uploaded byJasmineKitchen
- 0581_w11_ms_11Uploaded byJasmineKitchen
- 0580_w12_qp_12Uploaded bySudibyo Gunawan
- 0581_w12_qp_21Uploaded byJasmineKitchen
- 0581_w12_ms_33Uploaded byJasmineKitchen
- 0500_s03_qp_1Uploaded byJasmineKitchen
- 0581_s12_qp_23Uploaded byJasmineKitchen
- 0581_w13_ms_23Uploaded byJasmineKitchen
- Sec3 Acs MathsUploaded byJasmineKitchen
- sec3-chungchengsa1-amathsUploaded byJasmineKitchen
- Sec3 Margaret MathsUploaded byJasmineKitchen
- Sec3 Ngeeann MathsUploaded byJasmineKitchen
- sec3-sthildasa2-emathsUploaded byJasmineKitchen
- sec3-swisscottagesa1-amathsUploaded byJasmineKitchen
- Sec3 Tk MathsUploaded byJasmineKitchen

- class_4_3Uploaded byPULKIT
- Dec 2009Uploaded bycthamarai
- Ekonomi-Materi Pelatihan MyobUploaded byahida742
- World of Cultivation - Volume 01 - Money Grubbing MadmanUploaded bynewtype
- Types of WeldUploaded byJanice Vaflor
- CW2Uploaded bySteve Cowan
- 134974437-IMS-for-LTEUploaded byLuis Bovetko
- Statement of Purpose for University ApplicationUploaded byYe Wint Thu
- Storage OperationUploaded byMuhammad Yasir
- Eskabe BrochureUploaded byEmelia Jugdav
- [Colin D Lewis (Eds.)] Demand Forecasting and Inve(BookZZ.org)Uploaded byCapsLock610
- Airtel Prepaid Recharge Online _ Prepaid Mobile Tariffs PlansUploaded byAbdur Rahman
- Algebra in Elementary School Developing Relational ThinkingUploaded byGreySi
- 213225820-Cloudera-Administrator-Training-for-Apache-Hadoop.pdfUploaded byRocky
- Unit-2 Working with Links, Images, Forms and Multimedia.pdfUploaded byAkshat Shah
- PPT for 1st Oral PresentationUploaded byCamila Marchant
- RCC Retaining WallSUploaded byAnde Bhanu
- 64949 302388.Datasheetfoxboropstforesd Eve0105 Pst.pdf1494716494Uploaded byPaco
- Cycloid is Path of Point Travelling on RimUploaded byMahendra Chouhan
- Item 15. Science Technology and Society Draft as of November 2014Uploaded byraymart
- Sampling ProcedureUploaded byLoraine Mae Asuncion Añasco
- Ticket Genration Using QRUploaded byGanesh Warang
- Practise for Advanced Level by Yomal AmarathungeUploaded byYomal Amarathunge
- PLT5002 InstallationUploaded byStefan Schulze
- Control de Ingresos y Gastos Semanal.xlsxUploaded byGreg Guía
- Does Economics Growth Bring Increased Living StandardsUploaded byViet Quoc Cao
- 05 Redox Equilibria [5,A]Uploaded byilias1973
- Report (1)Uploaded byniyo7
- Descriptors European Qualifications FrameworkUploaded bykasim.tatic
- Term Paper in CommunicationUploaded byTerrencio Reodava

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.