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University of British Columbia

EECE 365 Winter 2011

Applied Electr. and Electromechanics


Lecture 1: Introduction

Introduction to Applied Power Electronics and


Electrical Machines
Purpose
Provide a survey of common electrical machines and power electronics
Fundamentals of operation
Models (mathematical)
Applications
Specification

Major Course Topics


Principles of electromagnetics, inductance and reluctance
Magnetic circuits & magnetically coupled systems
Linear and rotating electromechanical devices
Electromechanical energy conversion, developed forces and torques
AC power, three-phase system, connections and applications
Rotating magnetic field, poly-phase systems
Induction motor, operation, equivalent circuit
Synchronous motor, operation, steady-state equivalent circuit
Brushless dc motors, operation, steady-state characteristics
Stepper motors, principle of operation, full-step, micro-stepping, driver
circuits
Single phase AC motors

Sina Chiniforoosh

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University of British Columbia


EECE 365 Winter 2011

Applied Electr. and Electromechanics


Lecture 1: Introduction

Applications
In Transport
Hybrid

Toyota Hybrid, operates at 288V, reaches


30kW
Tesla Roadster, Induction Motor,
reaches 200 kW

Canada Line
(Richmond-Airport-Vancouver Line) SNCLavalin & Rotem Company

Sina Chiniforoosh

Vancouver TransLink Trolley Bus


New Flyer Industries

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University of British Columbia


EECE 365 Winter 2011

Applied Electr. and Electromechanics


Lecture 1: Introduction

Applications
In Aeronautics
Airbus A380

High-Speed, Low-Weight, High-Phase-Count


Motors, Generators and Converters

Antares 20E
42kW BLDC Propulsion

Sina Chiniforoosh

Electric Toys
BLDC Propulsion

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University of British Columbia


EECE 365 Winter 2011

Applied Electr. and Electromechanics


Lecture 1: Introduction

Applications
In Marine

High-Phase Count Motor Drives

Hybrid

20MW, 15-Phase Induction Motor


Carnival Liberty Cruise Ship
2 x 20MW Electric Propulsion

Future Canadian Ship:


Joint Support Ship (JSS)
30.4MW Electric Propulsion

Sina Chiniforoosh

HMCS Windsor DieselElectric, 2x5MW motorgenerators

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University of British Columbia


EECE 365 Winter 2011

Applied Electr. and Electromechanics


Lecture 1: Introduction

Applications
In Mining
Electrical cable shovel
Dragline
Earth hauling vehicles

Electric Cable Shovel

Liebherr T282B earthhauling truck 2.7MW AC


Propulsion

Electric Dragline
Motor Control Centres

Sina Chiniforoosh

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University of British Columbia


EECE 365 Winter 2011

Applied Electr. and Electromechanics


Lecture 1: Introduction

Basic Function of Power Electronics and Electrical Machines

Process electrical energy


Electricity is a very efficient medium for transporting energy

Must process that electricity before and after transporting it


i.e. Adjust voltage level (and possibly frequency)
Energy is typically generated and consumed in a non-electrical state
(often mechanical energy)
Has to be converted to and from electricity

This process is ubiquitous in modern society


Things we can do with electrical energy
Transmit (very good for this purpose)
Process (electrical to electrical)
Store (Poor for this purpose)
Convert to/from other forms (mechanical, light, heatetc.)

Sina Chiniforoosh

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University of British Columbia


EECE 365 Winter 2011

Applied Electr. and Electromechanics


Lecture 1: Introduction

Conversion to Electrical energy


Rotating Machines
AC Synchronous Machines
Hydro Generator
Thermal Generator (oil, gas, coal, nuclear)
AC Induction Machines
Normal induction generator
Doubly fed induction wind generator
Photovoltaic Electricity Converters (solar cells)

Electrical Energy Storage


Done directly with capacitors and inductors
This impractical for long periods of time
Typically done using other energy types, readily converted to electricity
Chemical batteries
Hydrogen Cells
Hydro dams

Sina Chiniforoosh

Page 7 of 9

University of British Columbia


EECE 365 Winter 2011

Applied Electr. and Electromechanics


Lecture 1: Introduction

Electrical Conversion to mechanical energy


Rotating Machines
AC Synchronous Motors
Brushless DC Motors
AC Induction Motors
DC Motors
Linear Machines
Solenoids, Linear Motors, Linear Actuators

Sina Chiniforoosh

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University of British Columbia


EECE 365 Winter 2011

Applied Electr. and Electromechanics


Lecture 1: Introduction

Process Electrical Energy


Stationary Machines
Transformer (Voltage Conversion)
Power Electronics
Switched Mode DC-DC converter
Buck (Lower)
Boost (Raise)
AC to DC Rectifier
DC to AC inverter
Frequency converter
Variable Frequency Motor drive (VFD)

Transmit Electrical Energy


Power lines
DC (1 or 2 wire)
AC (3 or 4 wire)
Can be overhead, underground or submarine

Sina Chiniforoosh

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