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Adinda Septianingtyas / 02 / XI Acceleration

Passive Form
In passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing the action is
optionally included near the end of the sentence. We can use the passive form if we think that the thing receiving the action is more
important or should be emphasized. We can also use the passive form if we do not know who is doing the action or if you do not
want to mention who is doing the action. The general formula is
[Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action]
S + be + V3 + by + O
Passive Tenses



Simple Present
Continuous Tense
Present Perfect
Present Perfect
Continuous Tense
Simple Past
Past Continuous
Past Perfect
Past Perfect
Continuous Tense

S + to be (am, are, is) + V3 + by + O

Once a week, the house is cleaned by Tom.

S + to be (am, are, is) + being + V3 + by + O

Right now, the letter is being written by Sarah.

S + have/has + been + V3 + by + O

That castle has been visited by many tourists.

S + have/has + been + being + V3 + by + O

Recently, the work has been being done by

The car was repaired by Sam.

Simple Future
Continuous Tense
Future Perfect
Future Perfect
Continuous Tense

S + will + be + V3 + by + O

Simple Future
Past Tense
Future Past
Continuous Tense
Future Past
Perfect Tense
Future Past
Continuous Tense

S + would + be + V3 + by + O

At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes will be being

washed by John
The project will have been completed before the
The mural will have been being painted by the
famous artist for over six months by the time it is
The car would be washed by her

S + would + be + being + V3 + by + O

The car would be being washed by her

S + would + have + been + V3 + by + O

The car would have been washed by her

S + would + have + been +being + V3 + by + O

The car would have been being washed by her

S + to be (was, were) + V3 + by + O
S + to be (was, were) + being + V3 + by + O
S + had + been + V3 + by + O
S + had + been + being + V3 + by + O

S + will + be + being + V3 + by + O
S + will + have + been + V3 + by + O or
S + will + have + been + being + V3 + by + O

The customer was being helped by the

salesman when the thief came into the store.
Many cars had been repaired by George before
he received his mechanic's license.
The restaurant's fantastic dinners had been
being prepared by Chef Jones for two years
before he moved to Paris
The work will be finished by 5:00 PM.

Passive form in the text

Martin Luther King, Jr. wanted black and white Americans to live happily together. On the third Monday in January, many Americans
honour this hero.
Dr Martin Luther King, Jr. was a black pastor. He was born in Atlanta, Georgia on 15th January, 1929. He was the leader of the Civil
Rights movement demanding equality for black people. Many Southern states in the U.S.A., like Georgia, were segregated in the
1950s : black children couldn't go to the same schools as whites; blacks and whites couldn't sit in the same bus seats, theatres or
use the same public toilets. King believed that was wrong.
In December 1955, Rosa Parks, a black woman, was on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. A white man demanded her seat and she
refused. She was arrested. King, who was working in Montgomery, led a black protest. For a year, black people refused to use the
buses. Finally, segregation on the buses was declared illegal. In fact all segregation in Alabama was stopped !
Dr King was now famous and he continued with many other protests. He wanted black and white people to have the same rights.
Some white people supported him, but many opposed him. His house was bombed. But King, like Gandhi, refused violence. In
1964, he received the Nobel Peace Prize.
King was an excellent orator. His speeches were famous and convinced many people, including President Kennedy, that he was
right. But he continued to have enemies and on April 4th, 1968, he was assassinated . Ironically, the death of this non-violent man
provoked riots all over America.

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