This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
By Alicia Tuttle - Administration Crystal Walters - Library Media Specialist Rebecca Plouff - Classroom Teacher Stacey Walser - Technology Education Specialist
Introduction.........................................2 Problem Statement ............................3 Previous Options for Piracy...............4 Piracy Solution/Implementation........4 Summary..............................................5
Introduction Piracy is when there is unauthorized use of any type of written material, software, visual image, music, and many other materials. It is a serious issue within all schools by both educators and students. There are written laws on this issue but sometimes copyright laws can be seen as confusing and hard to understand. Many students copy other people’s work and then put their name on it. Many teachers use other peoples work or copied software to teach when in fact that is against the law. This is also an important issue for parents to be aware of so that they can monitor their child’s work and be able to understand the facts on piracy. Piracy has a great impact on everyone. The United States alone loses billions of dollars each year because of piracy. This is due to the fact that people are not educated as much as they should be about what piracy is and how it affects everyone. Teachers, parents, and students should be educated about the facts of piracy. ____________________ Have you ever plagiarized before? Have you……. - Turned in someone else work and said it is yours - Copy text from other places and not properly cite it - Failed to put a direct quote from a source in quotation marks - Cited information in correctly
- Changed words around, but used the same concept - Used too much of a source in your paper and not included many of your own words If you have done one or more of those things you may be just one of the many who have plagiarized. Sometimes you may not even realize you did. _______________ Problem Statement Teachers and students are not knowledgeable about piracy. Most of the problems in schools are related to ignorance, improper understanding of the law, the high cost of software and books, and a strict budget that doesn’t allow for the purchases. Because of piracy: · The U.S. economy loses $58 billion in total output yearly · The U.S. economy loses 373,375 jobs every year · American workers lose $16.3 billion in earnings every year · Federal, state, and local governments lose at least $2.6 billion in tax revenues every year Piracy of copyrighted materials is a worldwide problem that costs the American publishing industry well over $500 million a year.
There are places that unlawfully copy entire textbooks! Technology allows these textbooks look identical to the real ones and students are purchasing these books at a much cheaper cost. compared to the real copies. These books are usually delivered in vans to students on campuses. These people who copy things illegally are also known to be using cameras and other technical devices to ensure they are safe and there are no law enforcements activities around.
Chart on 2008 Piracy statistics Commercial Piracy Report & Statistics (2008) Counterfeit/Pirate % 2007 2008 Seizures Change Pressed CDs 914,288 1,338,594 46.4% Burned CD-R's 3,505,533 3,640,122 3.8% Music DVDR's 41,558 50,174 20.7%
Chart on the consequences of Piracy in 2008 Actions Taken (2008) Year 2006 2007 2008 Percent Change
Search Warrants/Consent 928 1339 1649 23% Searches Arrests/Indictments 4763 2852 2591 -9% Plain View Seizures 5,500 5,264 4,153 -21% Guilty 3,431 629 903 44% Pleas/Convictions
Source: http://www.riaa.com/keystatistics.php ______________________________
Previous Options for Piracy Years ago we could not put essays online and check if it was plagiarized or not. We did not have that ability. We just had to use our own judgment and knowledge to see if the work was plagiarized. Today in schools we have the ability to check if the work is original by the click of a button. ________________ Piracy Solution/Implementatio n There are many things that we can do to try to help the amount of copyright problems in the educational world. The greatest thing we can do is to educate others. Students, educators, and parents must first know the rules of piracy and then learn how we can follow them correctly. Teachers must first be taught thoroughly about what piracy is and how to prevent it. Then they can teach their students, and then both teachers and students can teach parents about piracy. The copyright laws are very lengthy and complex. This is just one section of the law Text of Section 107 note: The following is a reprint in part, of section
107 of title 17, United States Code as amended in 1990 and 1992. 107 · Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair use “Not with standing the provisions of sections 106 and 106a, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright”. (copyright.gov)
Fair use rules: • One semester- if teachers only use copied material for one semester its fine, if its used repetitively then they should get permission by the publisher As long as you are not copying all of the work Copies should have authors name on them When material is from the internet it is most likely considered fair use
• • •
Guidelines: What teachers and students are allowed to do in school: • Teachers can use copyrighted material that has become public. • Teachers may make a single copy for themselves for the sole purpose of education (from book chapters, news and magazine articles, short stories and poetry). • Also, teachers may make multiple copies (one per student) ONLY if the material is brief and done
spontaneously and reflects the copyright notice and meets a cumulative effect test- it may not be used for more than one class- one work per author. HOWEVER it cannot affect the sales of the author. Teachers can use/show up to 3 minutes of a film or videotape or 10 percent of a film or videotape (whatever is less) when teaching. Music- teachers can use 10 percent of a musical composition no matter if it is in print or not. Broadcast- teachers can use a broadcast that is offair only if it is within 45 days of the recording date.
date of purchase, license agreement, user, and machine ID. Perform regular audits.
Summary Piracy is a very serious issue in today’s society. People need to be educated, aware, and know the facts about piracy. If all schools educate their teachers and inform them of the laws this has the potential to have a great effect on the world. If people are aware of the severity of piracy the numbers will decrease. For more information on piracy please visit: http://oneeyedpirates.wikispaces.com/ ____________________ References: Copyright and fair use in the classroom, on the internet, and the world wide web. (2010). University of Maryland University College, Retrieved from http://www.umuc.edu/library/copy.shtml Copyright law of the united states of america and related laws contained in title 17 of the united states code. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap1.ht ml Dowloading and Piracy. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.unc.edu/courses/2009spring/law/ 357c/001/Piracy/policy.htm Sefcik, L. (n.d.). About Copyright laws for teachers. Retrieved from http://www.educationworld.com/a_curr/curr 280.shtml
Strategies that all schools should take to discourage software piracy:
Provide copyright workshops and classes for administrators, teachers, parents, and students so they understand the copyright law Having clear policy’s to everyone about copyright Appoint a software manager or a committee for keeping records on purchase and software use. Install system protection software Keep a software log. Records of a program’s
Siwek E,Stephen, (2007, October 19). The True cost of copyright industry piracy to the U.S. economy. Institute for Policy Innovation, (189), Retrieved from http://www.ncpa.org/sub/dpd/index.p hp?Article_ID=15160 Types of piracy in overseas markets: problems faced by the publishing industry. (2007). Retrieved from http://www.publishers.org/main/IntC opright/intCopyProtect/intCopy_01_ 04.htm What is Plagiarism? (n.d.) Retrieved January 30, 2010, from http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_ center/what_is_plagiarism.html Yuen, S. (2007). Software piracy in schools. Retrieved from http://scyuen.wordpress.com/2007/1 1/18/software-piracy-in-schools/
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.