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Technical Assistance Report: PDA Inception Report

Project Number: TA 6325 REG: Promoting Water Policies and Practices (Phase 5)
PDA Start Date: 15 November 2007

Pilot and Demonstration Activity (PDA):


Producing Water Filter from Coconut and
Palm Oil Shells

15 December 2007

The views expressed herein are those of the consultant and do not necessarily represent those of ADBs
members, Board of Directors, Management, or staff, and may be preliminary in nature.

The views expressed in this paper are the views of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or
policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Directors, or the governments they represent.
ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any
consequences of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Project Team Members

Team member{s}

LEFEVRE, Prof. Thierry, Economic and Financial Expert & Project


Coordinator / Planner
ALEXANDRE, Jean-Marc, Environmentalist

(alphabetical order)

HERMAN, WIPAPAN, Community Coordinator and Interpreter

Team leader

LE MARIER, Yves Henri, Technology expert


LEFEVRE, Francois, Marketing Expert
MUSIKAJATT, Kraisit, Assistant Community Coordinator
Community
counterparts

NGERNTHAENG, Chod, Mayor from Tap Sakae District and President


of Tap Sakae Coconut Association
MANEE-NOI, Wanipong, Assistant Chief Officer from Tap Sakae District
Administration Office

Table of Contents

1. INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................. 1
2. SCOPE OF WORK ............................................................................................................... 1
3. IMPLEMENTATION
A. Progress of work......................................................................................................... 2
B. Cost and Financing..................................................................................................... 5
C. Implementation Schedule........................................................................................... 6
D. Implementation Management Arrangements ........................................................... 6
4. CONCLUSION...................................................................................................................... 6
Appendix 1. Location Map ............................................................................................... 7
Appendix 2. Agricultural Area Information..................................................................... 8
Appendix 3. Cost Estimates and Financing Plan........................................................... 9
Appendix 4. Project Schedule of Activities ..................................................................10
Appendix 5. Experts CVs...............................................................................................11
Appendix 6. Design and Monitoring Framework..........................................................34
Appendix 7. Field Trip Reports and their annexes ......................................................36

1.

INTRODUCTION

The Pilot and Demonstration Activity (PDA) seeks to determine the feasibility of producing lowcost water filters from coconut and palm oil shells, and to refine appropriate public-private
partnership business model.
The Letter of Agreement (LOA) between ADB and CEERD the Executing Agency (EA), was
signed on November 12th, 2007 and the activities planned for 6 months started with a Field visit
on November 14th, 2007 for meeting the local coconut producers and the authorities from Tap
Sakae District (Prachuab Khiri Khan Province). The objective was to gather information and
data on the local conditions for the Activated Carbon (AC) project to be set up in one of the
Thailands biggest coconut production areas.
2.

SCOPE OF WORK

The PDA targets a region that is one of the major producer of coconuts in Thailand and one of
the poorest. The Local Authorities of Tap Sakae have recognized the need to hasten socioeconomic development of the Province, through an integrated cluster development of local
industries, such as an AC processing factory and Production of low cost water filters for the
domestic and international markets.
The pre-feasibility study will combine field activities and desk work, such as:
Stakeholders:
o Meeting with local producers and cooperatives
o Meeting with local community and local administration
o Meeting with coconut processing industries
Institutional and Legal framework:
o Meetings with relevant authorities at the local and provincial level
Potential resources (human, raw material, etc.):
o Identification of potential AC buyers
o Assessment of Quality requirements
o Assessment of Market for water and air filters (ready made / customer specified)
Technology and Process:
o Evaluation of the different technologies and processes
o Finalization of conceptual design
o Preparation of investment and operational budget
Preliminary Environmental Impact Assessment
o Emission potential evaluation
o Assessment of CDM potential
Outline of Financing plan:
o Economic analysis with sensitivity analysis
o Identification of Financing sources and Project implementation plan

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3.
A.

IMPLEMENTATION

Progress of work

Introduction
The EA initiated some preliminary research and basic market analysis about Coconut and AC
production. They were significantly increased with two Field visits implemented to meet the local
community: on November 14th, 2007 and on December 6th, 2007. A map of the localization of
Tap Sakae is given as Appendix 1.
The field trips were organized:
to get a clearer understanding of the local coconut industry: visiting the fields, the
factories and collecting data from local or provincial authorities;
to identify the stakeholders, by meeting the local growers and their association, the
processors of coconut and charcoal, the local or provincial authorities (municipality and
agriculture administration);
to explain the ins and outs of the project and to set up with the stakeholders the next
steps of the project activities.
Initial Background findings
The potential
It was the occasion to see how important the coconut industry is for the region. A substantial
part of the land is used for coconut plantations: around 80% of the cultivated area in Tap
Sakae district (i.e. 171.670 rai ~ approximately 275 km2) is covered with coconut trees and most
of that land is locally owned by small growers who are regrouped into cooperatives. The figures
provided by the local department of the Ministry of Agriculture state that a total number of 7,391
households, representing around 75% of the population in the district, live from agriculture (see
table attached as Appendix 2).
Secondly, it was the occasion to understand about the great development potential of coconut.
Actually coconut can be wholly exploited: from outer (fiber) shell, fiber powder (dust), inner hard
shell, copra (flesh), coconut water and copras brown skin which is used for obtaining highquality coconut oil. Even the tree trunk can be used at the end of its lifetime for furniture
manufacturing and construction. Most coconuts have the outer shell and the fiber removed,
before further processing. The fiber is processed separately in a hammering mill and the
output is a high quality fiber, baled and exported mostly for furniture cushion. Shorter fiber and
dust can be used to making compost or aggregated as a construction material.
At present, neither all coconuts are processed, nor are all parts of coconuts utilized. The
actual process is done locally, by land owners with quite primitive techniques. Moreover, the
installed capacity for coconut processing doesnt allow, at present, to treat all available
coconuts.
It must be said that the number of nuts is huge! Figures provided for the region show an
average number of 20 to 25 trees per rai with an average tree production of 5 to 10 nuts every
30 days. This gives a production of 275,343,300 nuts per year, or 754,365 nuts per day.
The processing
The local coconut process consists in:
coconuts cracked to open,
water collected and sold,
flesh removed and sold to be either used for coconut cream or coconut oil after drying,

pressed cake from the coconut oil production used as animal fodder,
coconut shells being processed for local charcoal production, later crushed to make
charcoal briquettes,
fiber being compacted and baled, while the dust is disposed in most cases, posing a
problem of bug contamination, waste management and fire risk.
The coconuts that are not processed locally are sold at low price and transported to the
central part of Thailand for further processing.
With a production of nuts relatively stable all over the year, a substantial part of the local
population income arises from coconut processing, but the products are sold at low prices and
the activity is considered as non-profitable for the less favored plots of land (needing the use
of fertilizers...).
Stakeholders
The main characteristic of the coconut industry is that it is a small-scale business, with low
efficiency. Besides, coconut processing is a very labor intensive industry, especially in the first
phase of collecting the coconuts and dehusking the shell. Both of these phases are done
manually.
One of the biggest outputs of coconut production is the food industry with copra and its
derivatives (coconut oil, desiccated copra, coconut milk, copra cake). And what is considered
as a waste in this industry - i.e. hard shell - is used as raw material for charcoal manufacture
and AC plant.
From the first two field trips, the EA identified the local growers and the bigger processors of
coconuts, grouped under a local Coconut Association as a potential partner for setting up the
AC plant. On November 14th, 2007 their vote showed that a large majority was enthusiastic to
supporting the plant installation.
From the official side, both municipality and agriculture representatives are already involved in
the project by providing information and data about the sector and see in the project a chance
to improve the socio-economic situation of the province, by creating jobs, improving incomes of
families etc., as well as the possibility of developing more efficient way of processing coconuts
and its residues.
More visits to Tap Sakae have been scheduled, starting with a third one on 18-19 January
2008 for discussing with potential partners and their participation in the Implementation plan.
On the request of the Community, the EA will prepare a brochure in Thai describing the
project and its outcomes that will be distributed at the beginning of the new year 2008 to
prepare next stakeholders meeting, notably Provincial public hearings for assessing the impact
of the plant installation in the Province (February or March 2008).
Institutional and Legal framework
The Ministry of Industry and its Department of Industrial Work as well as the Office of the
Board of Investment (BOI) will be the relevant institution regarding the project of AC
manufacturing and Production of low cost water filters.
Apart from the Ministry of Industry, a certain number of other line ministries should also be
involved in the development of this project. They include: Ministry of Finance, Ministry of
Commerce, Ministry of Interior, and Ministry of Energy (if ever cogeneration technology is
installed). This last point outlines the fact that the conceptual design is still under preparation
(see the Technology and Process Section hereafter).

Potential resources
Porous carbons are obtained as a residue after the volatile components of the carbonaceous
material are removed by a thermal process in the absence of air. The raw material used for
charcoal production plays a major part in determining the ability of the AC to adsorb certain
molecular species. Activated carbon produced from coconut shells exhibit a predominance of
micropores (radius less than 1 nm) making it more effective for the adsorption of gas/vapour.
However, the quality of the charcoal produced locally is not optimum: using open drums, the
process cannot be closely controlled and the charcoal quality is not regular. The technique has
a poor yield, lowering benefits as well. It comes with a significant pollution from the gases and
smoke emanating during the carbonization process. If the AC plant uses locally produced
charcoal as raw material for the activation process, its quality will need to be standardized
through trainings on better practices and quality control.
For the activation process, coconut charcoal moisture needs to be in the range of 15 to 17 %.
Charcoal may need to be dried for removing its excessive moisture content that could cause
water reaction with off-gasses during the early stages of carbonization and slow down or stop
the micropore opening. All the more as local producers use water to stop the carbonization
process.
From the first field visits, samples of coconuts, charcoal, fiber and powder were collected in
order to assess the composition and the structure of the raw materials potentially used for AC
production. The analyses are under way.
At the occasion of the second field trip, two possible locations for the plant were visited in Tap
Sakae, providing actual information about the possible cost of land purchase.
Major coconut growers in Tap Sakae District are willing to take part in this project. This assures
raw material supply and a stable price. The price of coconut shell charcoal is around $180 per
ton and the plant will need around 2 Metric tons (Mt) per day for an average production capacity
of 1 Mt of AC products per day.
Another option is to start the manufacturing process from coconut shells for producing charcoal:
the daily need will be around 10 Mt of raw coconut shells, for the same average production
capacity of 1 Mt of AC products per day.
From the manpower side, the activation carbon plant will require up to 50 operators, depending
of the technology choice and the length of the process. Also, the water filter production unit will
provide additional jobs.
Last, a study about the AC market in Thailand shows that the country is increasingly a net
exporter with a volume of around 10,000 tons per year in 2006 (Japan and the USA being the
first customers).
Technology and Process,
There are two main activation techniques used to produce AC:
Chemical Activation where the raw material is impregnated with a strong dehydrating
agent (usually zinc chloride, phosphoric acid or potassium hydroxide), and then heated
to temperatures between 450 - 900C.
Physical Activation where the raw material is activated with steam under inert
atmosphere at high temperatures between 900 1100C, depending on the raw
material used.
AC produced by steam activation generally exhibit a fine pore structure, ideal for the adsorption
of small molecular weight products and for applications involving low contaminant
concentrations. Steam activation is generally used for coal-based, coconut shell and grain
based activated carbons. The AC plant will likely use steam activation, fitting perfectly with the

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needed output and avoiding any problem linked with environmental hazards from the use of
poisonous chemicals.
The industrial process for activating carbon can be done in two ways:
The first option is to integrate carbonization and activation phases. In that case, raw
coconut shell is used as raw material and the carbonization of the shell precede the
second step the activation phase. It is important to note that these two phases have
to be done separately because charcoal material must be cooled after being
carbonized, before it can be activated.
The second option, commonly used by AC manufacturers worldwide, starts directly
from the activation stage, using coconut shell charcoal as raw material. Charcoal
preparation consists in crushing it as a fine powder with a rotary crushing equipment to
feed the kiln.
The activating equipment consists of two main elements: a boiler for steam production and an
activation furnace. The types of machinery available include vertical furnaces (often multipleheart type) and rotary kilns. The activation reaction is endothermic and temperature is
maintained by partial burning of the CO and H2 formed.
The flue gas treatment of the gases produced during the process provides additional heat that
can be used either for the process itself or electricity production.
Depending on the technology adopted, an assessment of the environmental impact of the AC
plant could pave the way for a partly funded CDM project by integrating climate change and
sustainable development considerations.
It must be reminded that a great range of AC is available on the markets worldwide, each one
with different physical and activity properties: first, because of the raw material used for the
production; second, of its form (granular, powdered or pelletized) and third, of specific activation
characteristics making it suitable for a special use.
The fact remains that for having a commercial use, AC must show regular characteristics. That
is why the AC industry in collaboration with standard organizations elaborated standard tests for
evaluating physical and adsorptive characteristics of AC. The plant design will include a
laboratory to analyze and control the quality of the input/output, especially needed if the
activation process is tailored at times according to special customer requirements.
As a conclusion to the technology section, the assessment of the market for water and air filters
using AC is being developed until February 2008 and only then the main characteristics of the
technological process will be available, as the project should mainly concentrate in the
production of the most needed final products on the national and international markets.
Preparation of Investment and Operational budget / Outline of Financing Plan
Research on information and data about the plant design, the possible project cost and the
operational budget is underway and very much related to the precedent section. Still needs to
be decided how extensive the industrial process will be (starting from coconut shell and/or
charcoal, including cogeneration technology). Next meeting with potential shareholders will
tackle this important issue. In addition, the market study will also give some important clues on
the direction to take.
B.

Cost and Financing

See Appendix 3 - Cost Estimates and Financing Plan

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C.

Implementation Schedule

See Appendix 4 - Project Schedule of Activities


D.

Implementation Management Arrangements

The Project Management has consisted in several main activities:

Formation of a group of experts to carry on the project implementation and to ensure


that these experts will be able to implement the project as follows:
o Team leader: LEFEVRE, Prof. Thierry, Economic and Financial Expert & Project
Coordinator / Planner
o Team member{s}:
LE MARIER, Yves Henri, Technology Expert
HERMAN, Wipapan, Community Coordinator and Interpreter
LEFEVRE, Francois, Marketing Expert
ALEXANDRE, Jean-Marc, Environmentalist
MUSIKAJATT, Kraisit, Assistant Community Coordinator
The CVs of these experts can be found in Appendix 5.
It must be noted that the Local Agricultural Expertise is brought as an in-kind
contribution from the Projects Community counterparts:
NGERNTHAENG, Chod, Mayor from Tap Sakae District,
MANEE-NOI, Wanipong, Assistant Chief Officer, Tap Sakae District Administration
Office.

Organization of Field Trips and Community meetings


See Appendix 4 - Project Schedule of Activities and Appendix 7 - Field Trip Reports.

Implementation of the main project activities within the 6 months time-frame,


including desk activities for the preparation of the various project outputs (see
Appendix 4 - Project Schedule of Activities).

Establishing a Design and Monitoring Framework


for delivering a set of Measurable Performance Indicators (MPI) related to
Outputs/Outcomes and Activities undertaken (see Appendix 6).

Reporting for the project activities according to the following schedule:


o Project Inception Report, being submitted one month after signing of the LOA;
o Project Mid-term Report, to be submitted two months after the start of the PDA;
o Project Completion Report, to be submitted within 30 days after completion of the PDA.
4.

CONCLUSION

After one month of operation the project is well on track. All experts are on board and the
Community and potential local Partners are efficiently helping the project team and the EA.
At this stage, it is expected that the project will go smoothly without major obstacles.

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Appendix 1. Map of Thailand and Prachuab Khiri Khan Province

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Appendix 2.

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Appendix 3. Cost Estimates and Financing Plan

Total Estimated
Costs
(In US$)

Inputs / Expenditure Category

1. Civil Works: Technical and non technical surveys, market


research
o Coconut shell, charcoal and dust analysis

2,000
2,000

2. Training, workshops, seminars, public campaigns, meetings with


local stakeholders, public hearings
o Fields trips to Thap Sakae (6 field trips x 300 US$)
o Organization of a public hearing

2,000

3. Specialists Services needed for this project:


o Project Coordinator/Planner (see Economic and Financial
expert)
o Community Coordinator and Interpreter
o Local Agricultural expert (in-kind expertise provided by the
Community)
o Technology Expert
o Marketing Expert
o Economic and Financial Expert
o Environmentalist

44,000

4. Project Management: Management and operation cost


o Secretarial and administrative costs

1,000
1,000

5. Other Inputs: Procurement of reports and data


o Preparation of reports and dissemination brochure

1,000
1,000

6. Contingencies (0-10% of total estimated grant fund):


Contingencies requires prior approval from ADB.
Total PDA grant financed

1,800
200

2,000
8,000
15,000
5,000
12,000
2,000

Use of
50,000

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Appendix 4.
Project Schedule of Activities
Activities

nov-07

Project Start

12 November 2007

dc-07

janv-08

fvr-08

mars-08

avr-08

mai-08

1. Stakeholders
1.1. Meeting with cooperatives, local producers and local administration
1.2. Technical meetings for data collection
1.3. Meeting with coconut processing industries and potential direct project partners
1.4. Public hearing with overall local community

14 November 2007
6 December 2007
18-19 January 2008
14-15 February 2008
20-21 March 2008

1.5. Meeting with Thap sakae direct project partners

24-25 April 2007

1.6. Final Meeting with Thap Sakae community and direct partners
2. Institutional and Legal Framework.
2.1. Meetings with relevant authorities at national, provincial and local levels

14 November 2007

6 December 2007

18-19 January 2008 14-15 February 2008 20-21 March 2008

24-25 April 2007

3. Potentials Resources (human, raw material, etc)


3.1. Identification of potential Activated Carbon buyers
3.2. Identify Quality Requirements
3.3. Assessment of market for water and air filters (ready made/costumer specified).
4.Technology and Processes
4.1. Evaluation of the different technologies and processes
4.2.Finalization of Conceptual Design
4.3. Preparation investment and operational budget
5. Preliminary Environmental Impact Assessment
5.1 Emission potential evaluation
5.2. Assessment of CDM potential
6. Outline of Financing Plan
6.1. Economic analysis with sensitivity analysis
6.2. Identification of financing sources and project Implementation Plan
7. Project Reports
7.1. Inception Report

21 December 2007

7.2. Mid-term Report

14 March 2008

7.3. Final Report

5 May 2008

7.4 Field Trips Reports

30 November 2007
Project End

21 December 2007

31 January 2008

29 February 2008

31 March 2008

30 April 2008
12 May 2008

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Appendix 5.

Experts Curriculum Vitae

1) Economic and Financial Expert & Project Coordinator / Planner


Family Name:
First name:
Date of birth:
Nationality:
Civil status:
1.

LEFEVRE
Thierry
August 21, 1947
French
Married

EDUCATION / PROFESSIONAL STUDIES

1970-1972
Laboratoire d'Automatique et d'Analyse des Systmes (LAAS/ CNRS), Universit
Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France
Ph.D in Control and Operational Research

1971
Laboratoire d'Automatique et d'Analyse des Systmes (LAAS/ CNRS), Universit
Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France
Master (D.E.A) in Control and Operational Research

1969-1970
University Simon Bolivar, Caracas, Venezuela
Administration for Engineers (Candidate)

1967-1970
Electronics

2.

ESME, Paris, France

of

Engineering

in

Mechanics

and

LANGUAGE SKILLS

English

Fluent

Spanish

Fluent

French

Native Speaker

3.

Bachelor

Master (MBA) in Business

OTHER SKILLS

Computer literate: Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, Power Point, and Access), Internet, Fox Pro,
Optimization Software (Minos, GRG, Linprog)

4.

MEMBERSHIP OF PROFESSIONAL BODIES

Advisory Board of APERC, APEC, Tokyo, Japan, since 1997

Steering Committee of IAEA Decades Program C, Vienna, Austria, since 1998

ESCAP Energy-Environment Ad-hoc Expert Group, since 1991

5.

PRESENT POSITION

Centre for Energy Environment Resources Development (CEERD), Foundation for


International Human Resource Development (FIHRD)
Leveraging on its experience in the energy-environment field, CEERD provides information and
knowledge and conducts training, research, and consulting in the various fields of energy, energyefficiency and environment in the framework of international cooperation projects .
CEERD is also carrying projects with the private sector in the areas of environmental norms and
standards, environmental management systems, and clean technologies and in organizing business
exchanges

Director of the CEERD

Professor in Energy-Environment Economics, Planning and Policy

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6.

KEY QUALIFICATIONS

Extensive experience in design, implementation and management of international


projects in Asia in the field of Energy Economics, Planning and Policy for the European
Commission (EC), IEA, the World Bank (WB), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the United Nations
(ESCAP, UNDP, FAO, IAEA), the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Association of SouthEast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the French Government.
Significative projects implemented include:

EC/SPF: Study on the Impact of the European Directive 2004/101/EC (so called
CDM linking Directive) for Thailand (2006-2007);

EC/Framework Programme 6: Sustainable Energy Technology at Work on the


market generated by the EU Emission Trade Scheme and the linked CDM and
JI markets (2005-2008);

EC/COWI: Post Evaluation of the EC-ASEAN COGEN 3 Programme and Follow-up


Activities (2006);

EC/EAEF: Regional Energy Policy and Planning in ASEAN for Sustainable


Development (REPP-ASD) (2006);

EC/EAEF: Development of Wind Power Projects in the Philippines and Vietnam


and adopting European Standards (2006);

EC/EAEF: Establishment of the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Center


Office of Vietnam - Dissemination of the experience to ASEAN (2006);

EC/EAEF: Capacity Building on Sustainable Operation & Maintenance of a


Biogas Facility for local Government Units, Public market Vendors and Households in
Calaca, Batangas: Learning from European and ASEAN /Thai best practices (2006);

ADB: Support to Regional Energy Cooperation Initiatives (2005-2006);

EC/EAEF: Feasibility Study for Distributed generation (DG) and Renewable


Energy Portfolio (REP) of a Distribution company: Case Study in the Philippines
(DG-REP) (2005-2006);

ADB: Review of Energy Sector Cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion


(GMS) (2004-2005);

ADB: Support for Strategizing Regional Cooperation in Southeast Asia (SEA)


Study (2004);

EC/EAEF: Implementation of Energy Integrated Urban Planning (EIUP) in Asean


cities and of Applicability of European Approaches (2003-2005);

EC/EAEF: Implementation of the Clean Development mechanisms CDM in the


ASEAN Energy Sector: Exchanging Experiences and Regional Institutional capacity
Building (CDM-ASEAN) (2004-2005);

DANIDA: Promotion of Renewable Energy Technologies in Thailand (2003-2006);

EC/EAEF: ASEM Green IPP Network (2003-2005);

EC/EAEF: Development of a Strategic Environmental Assessment Platform for


the Regional Power Sector Integration in the Lower Mekong Countries (LMCs)
(2003-2005);

WWF: Thailand Energy Options (2000-2001);

IAEA: Indicators for Sustainable Energy Development (ISED): Thailand Case


Study (2001-2005);

NEDO-Japan: A Survey on Potentials for Energy and Environmental Cooperation


in South Asia and Indochina;

13

UNESCAP: Energy for Sustainable Development: Situation Analysis and Policy


Review (2000);

ADB: Study of Large Dams and Recommended Practices (1999-2001);

NEDO-Japan: Survey of the Trends in Environment and Energy Conservation


Policies and Technologies in Asia (1999-2000);

UNESCAP: Central Consultant of the UN-ESCAP/UNDP Projects REDP (Regional


Energy Development Program, 1990-93) and PACE-E (Program for Asian Cooperation
on Energy and the Environment, 1993-98) with 22 ESCAP countries in Asia;

ADB: Review of Asian Development Banks Energy Sector Policy (1999);

APEC (Expert Group on Clean Fossil Energy): Survey on Coal and Natural gas
competition in the Electric Power Sector of APEC economies, (1999-2000);

IBRD/AEAT/EGAT: Thailand
National
Development Study (1998-1999);

Renewable

Energy

Potential

&

Extensive experience in the organisation of International Conferences, Seminars,


Workshops and Trainings in Asia a networking platform to debate current issues and sharing
information and knowledge with energy-environment professionals, experts from various fields,
government officials:

WEC (World Energy Council): Evaluation on Energy Efficiency Policies - Regional


Asian WEC-ADEME Workshop in Bangkok (2006-2007);

EC-EAEF: Asian Energy Data and Statistics Management Training (ASEAN) (20052006);

WB: Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP) (2005);

EC-EAEF/UN-ESCAP: Energy Integrated Urban Planning (EIUP) in Asean Cities


Workshop (2004);

EC-ENRICH: Packing and Promotion of Community Climate Change SocioEconomic, Energy and Technology Research Workshop (2003);

EC-EAEF/UN-ESCAP: ASEM Green IPP Network Workshop (2003);

EC: Workshop on Flexibility Mechanisms and Climate Change Policy in Asian


Countries: Experience and Policy Responses from EC (1999);

Excellent knowledge of the Asian countries, particularly in what concerns their


energy planning and policy systems, as shown by the following achievements:

ADB staff consultant for the implementation of consultation missions in the all
South East Asian countries for the preparation of an updated energy situation report
in SEA countries and for the identification of bankable projects (2004-2006)

EC consultant in numerous energy and environmental projects, linking European


energy/environment policies and technologies initiatives with Asia and Southeast
Asia (ASEAN) countries, in the fields of energy planning and policy, energy efficiency
and conservation, power sector and its environmental impacts, CDM and GHG emission
mitigation, etc

ADB staff consultant for the implementation of consultation missions in the all GMS
countries for the preparation of an updated energy situation report in GMS countries (2004)

UN-ESCAP expert for the preparation of the situation analysis and policy review paper
on energy and sustainable development in Asia-Pacific countries (2000);

ADB consultant for the preparation of the draft ADB Energy Policy Paper (19992000) and ADB International Technical Expert in the framework of the
GEF/UNDP/ADB-ALGAS Project (1995-99);

14

ACE, ADB, AEEMTRC, APEC, ESCAP, FAO, IAEA, IEA, UNDP and World Bank
consultant, in many projects related to Asian countries, since 1990

Financial Times: Publications on Power Sectors and Natural gas in Philippines,


Thailand, Vietnam and India (1997-1999)

Director and Chief Editor of Asian Energy News, between 1990 and 2003, with
140 monthly issues published.

Long experience in teaching, training and consultancy in the field of energy


economics, planning and policy in Asia. The following fields are privileged:

Energy-Environment Information Systems, Energy Data Analysis and Energy Statistics;

Energy-Environment Modelling, Planning & Policy and Long Term Forecasting, including
analysis of energy saving and inter-fuel substitution;

Climate Change (JI, CDM, ET); Green House Gas and Acid Rain Optimal Abatement
Strategies; Environmental Externalities; Conservation and Efficiency; and Clean
Technologies.

Experience in specific Asian countries / territories:

Australia (1987 to 1988): stationed for Sabbatical leave. See below.

Asia: All ASEAN countries plus China, North and South Korea, Japan, Mongolia, India,
Pakistan, IR Iran, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Maldives. (1990 to present): numerous short-term
missions for the EC, UNDP, ESCAP, ADB, WB-IBRD, APEC, ASEAN and the French
Government. Also in the framework of Projects coordination and management. See

below.

7.

Thailand: (1990 to present): stationed. See below.

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE RECORD


January 2002 to present
Centre for Energy Environment Resources Development (CEERD) Foundation for International Human Resource Development (FIHRD)
Bangkok, Thailand
Position:

Director of CEERD

Responsabilities:
1- Management of Multilateral and Regional Projects and Project Reports:
Management / Coordination of more than 95 projects, with national, international and
multilateral Agencies and Institutions.
2- Organisation of International Conferences, Seminars, Workshops:
Organization of more than 50 National, International and Regional conferences, workshops,
seminars and training, since 1990, with more than 20 Asian countries, in the fields of EnergyEnvironment Economics, Energy Statistics, Planning and Policy, and Climate Change; and
publication of conference proceedings as well as many training manuals.
3- Communication:
Publication of 30 research journal papers, 67 papers in conferences proceedings and 48 books,
chapter of books, manuals and monographs, since 1991; and also assuming for the last 14 years the
responsibility of Director and Chief Editor of Asian Energy News with 140 monthly issues published.
4- Consultation with National, International and Regional Institutions:
Implementation of more than 30 technical advisory and supervisory missions for international
and regional Institutions, since 1991, in Asia.

15

December 1990 to December 2001


Asian Institute of Technology (AIT)
Bangkok, Thailand
Director of CEERD (Centre for Energy Environment Research & Development),
Position:
Coordinator of EC-PTS (EC-Post-Graduate Technology Study Programme) and Professor in
Energy-Environment Economics, Planning and Policy.
Responsibilities:
1- Teaching and Research activities, in the fields of:
Energy-Environment Information Systems, Energy Data Analysis and Energy Statistics;
Energy-Environment Modelling, Planning & Policy and Long Term Forecasting, including
analysis of energy saving and inter-fuel substitution;
Climate Change (JI, CDM, ET), Green House Gas and Acid Rain Optimal Abatement
Strategies, Environmental Externalities;
Conservation and Efficiency, and Clean Technologies.
2- Management of Multilateral and Regional Projects - Project Reports
3- Organisation of International Conferences, Seminars, Workshops
4- Communication, research and publications
5- Consultation with National, International and Regional Institutions:
ACE, ADB, AEEMTRC, APEC, ESCAP, FAO, IAEA, IEA, UNDP and World Bank consultant, in many
projects related to Asian countries, between 1990 and 2001.

December 1987 to December 1988


Thomson CSF, Delegation for Australasia
Melbourne, Australia
Position:

Special Advisor in Research and Technology Development

Responsibilities:
Research of potential joint ventures in the field of advanced
technologies in electronics, artificial intelligence and solid-state physics.

March 1981 to December 1990


University Simon Bolivar
Caracas, Venezuela
Position:

Director of the Institute of Energy and Prof. in Energy-Environment Modelling

Responsibilities:
1- Coordinator of EC projects on long term energy planning and policies (1981-90);
2- Teaching, academic and research projects in the field of energy systems.

September 1973 to February 1981


University Institute of Technology (IUT)
Caracas (1973-75) and Cumana (1975-81), Venezuela
Position:

Director at the Department of Electrical Engineering

Responsibilities:
Teaching, academic and research activities in the field of electrical
engineering and control.

16
8.

PUBLICATIONS

Numerous international publications on energy-environment modelling, planning and


policy in journal papers, books and chapters of books, manuals, project reports, workshop /
conference proceedings:
- Publication of 30 research journal papers, 67 papers in conferences proceedings and 48 books,
chapter of books, manuals and monographs, since 1991;
- and also assuming for the last 14 years the responsibility of Director and Chief Editor of Asian
Energy News with 140 monthly issues published.
Extensive publication references can be provided on demand

17
2) Technology Expert
Family Name:
First name:
Date of birth:
Nationality:
Civil status:
1.

LE MARIER
Yves, Henri
July 11, 1942
French
Married

EDUCATION / PROFESSIONAL STUDIES

1966 - 1972

Conservatoire des Arts et Mtiers (CNAM), Paris, France


Senior Instrument & Electrical Engineer (SERCE & FNTP)

1956 - 1958

H.B.L. Technical School, France

Special

2.

Brevet dEtudes industrielles (BEI)

Trainings :
COMSIP: Instrumentation and Automation Training
CNAM: Waste and water Treatment Process Training
Rice University, Houston / ISA: Project Management Training
Institut Franais du Ptrole (IFP): Process Off Shore Gas Production Training

LANGUAGE SKILLS

English

Fluent

French

Native Speaker

3.

OTHER SKILLS

Computer literate: Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, Power Point), Internet

4.

MEMBERSHIP OF PROFESSIONAL BODIES

Member of ISA (Instrument Society of America), NC, USA


& chartered Member of ISA Construction & Design Division

Member of the Gas Processor Supplier Association (GPSA), Tulsa, OK, USA

5.

PRESENT POSITION

Centre for Energy Environment Resources Development (CEERD), Bangkok:

Project Manager

6.

KEY QUALIFICATIONS

Expertise in the following fields, leveraging on a 40 years experience with Electrical,


Instrumentation and Mechanical technologies:
Oil & gas Field production (onshore / offshore), Refinery processes and Industrial
plants construction and revamping;

Water treatment, Distribution systems and Waste Water treatment systems;

Power generation and Distribution network systems.

18
Through the multiple projects carried out, the mastering of the following qualifications was
achieved, that include most of the steps from the project cycle (engineering, financing,
project management, implementation and operations):
Feasibility Studies and Economic evaluations for Refinery plants, Power & Co generation plants, Paper mills, Water treatment plants, Water distribution pipelines and Pumping
stations, Oil &Gas pipelines, LNG and Gas plants, Oil & Gas onshore / offshore production (Wellhead,
Utilities, Production platforms & terminals), Piping, Safety & fire protection, as well as General
installation concept, Environmental protection and Impacts studies.
Engineering: Basic & detailed design M, E & I, Procurement, Procedures, Bid evaluation,
Control systems (DCS and SCADA systems), Safety systems / Shutdown systems (ESD), Fire & Gas
systems, Oil & Gas metering systems, Packages.
Construction: Field construction supervision, Site management, Constructions, Bid
evaluation, Installation procedures, and Equipment purchasing.
Pre-commissioning, Commissioning and Start-Up: Procedures, Coordination /
Management of all trades, Start-Up, Installation checklists, Custody transfer procedure on
Commissioning leader position / Start-Up manager.

7.

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE RECORD


2004 to present
Centre for Energy Environment Resources Development (CEERD)
Bangkok, Thailand
Project Manager

Position:

Responsabilities:

Feasibility studies and Economic evaluation (several projects)

2002 to 2004
Sofresid (Saipem Group)
EXXON MOBIL Nigeria (MPN), YOHO Development Project EPC2 Production Facilities
Position:

Lead Engineer

Responsibilities:
1- Detailed Engineering for Instrumentation, Safety and Buildings (Lead Engineer in
Saipem Office, Jakarta, Indonesia)
2- Chef Engineer on Construction SSE Yard at Johor Baru, Malaysia

2001 to 2002
DOLPHIN Energy Ltd. / TFE (Qatar)
DOLPHIN Project (Upstream and Compression Facilities)
Position:

Consultant

Responsibilities:
1- Basic Engineering for compression plant (Ras Laffan Treatment plant)
2- Custody Metering Systems (Gas and HC Liquid)
3- Receiving Facilities (Jebel Ali & Taweela EUA)

19
TOTAL FINA ELF E&P Myanmar
Yadana Offshore / Onshore Pipeline Field Development & Metering Station
Condensates recovery Project (condensates K.O. Pots disposal, Pipeline and Storage)
Senior Field Construction Engineer

Position:

Responsibilities:
1- All Trade construction
2- Turn over procedure, final documentation
3- Start-Up and Test Run

2001
TECHNIP, Portugal
Petrogal S.A. Porto Refinery-Gasoil HDS revamping Project (IFP Licence)
and Parex Plant revamping Project (UOP Licence)
Deputy Construction Manager / Start-Up Manager

Position:

Responsibilities:
1- All Trade construction Field engineer
2- Turn over procedure, final documentation
3- Start-Up and Test Run

2000 to 2001
PT SIEMENS Indonesia Oil & Gas Department
Senior Advisor (Technical qualification and Commercial dossier)

Position:

Responsibilities:
1- BBM Pipeline Dumai Siak Project (BOT) (Pertamina Indonesia):
Feasibility study and Economic evaluation
2- Tunu Field Development Project phase III (Total Indonesia):
Tender document and Pricing evaluation
Financial Institution E-SHORE
Mini LPG-Processing Plant, Indonesia and Thailand
Senior Advisor

Position:

EEA / Sonangol, Angola


Revamping of Shutdown System on Oil production Platform
Project Manager / Site Manager

Position:

Responsibilities: Instrumentation and Electro-mechanical Works

1998 to 1999
FRIEDLANDER Angola
Project TOTAL FINA, Angola - Revamping of Shutdown System on Oil field Production
Position:

Senior Technical Advisor

20

Responsibilities:
1- Waste & Waste water System (Environmental Protection)
2- Electrical, Instrumentation, Mechanical & Piping site Survey
PT APEKA/PERTAMINA/CALTEX, Indonesia
PERTAMINA Refineries of Balongan, Balikpapan and Field production Dumai / Siak Indonesia
Position:

Senior Technical Advisor

Responsibilities:
Caltex Dumai and Minas Oil Field:
Sludge land fill survey
Electrical, Instrumentation, Mechanical, Piping and Site survey (Oil field Production,
Oil Terminal, Oil Storage, Pipeline and Transfer pumping station and Power generation by
G.E. turbine)
INGEROP Asia
West-Jakarta Water Supply - Mechanical and Electrical Upgrading & Rehabilitation, Indonesia
Position:

Senior Technical Advisor

Site survey and preparation of technical tender document (Water


Responsibilities:
treatment and Pumping stations)
PT APEKA/PERTAMINA - PT EPT
Turnaround (Maintenance) at PERTAMINA Refinery, Balongan, Indonesia
Position:

Senior Technical Advisor

Responsibilities: General Mechanical Supervision, including Hydrogen reformer heater


Rehabilitation after damages (Tube-catalyst replacement and Pig-Tail on Outlet collector
reparation)
SICA, Houston, USA
Project GIRASOL
Position:

Quality Assessor / Quality Controller

Responsibilities:
aerator vessels

Material, Equipment inspection and Construction supervision of two dePATHONG Municipality, Thailand
Waste water System and Environmental protection

Position:

Senior Technical Advisor

Responsibilities: Preliminary feasibility studies (Environmental impact, Process and Financial


packages)
1984 to 1998

GTMH (SUEZ - LYONNAISE DES EAUX Group)

1995 to 1998
CHEVRON Nigeria Ltd.
ESCRAVOS LNG Gas Plant Project, Phase II: Extension and Offshore platform
EPC Project, Nigeria

21
Position:

Project Manager (Contractor: Entrepose Delatre Bezon)

Responsibilities:
1- Detailed Engineering review, Procurement
2- Installation procedures, Site work preparation, Commissioning Procedures
3- Coordination, Management of all Trades
GULF OIL CABINDA (CHEVRON Angola)
CABGOC Vuko A and Kungolo B Wellhead Platforms (Angola)
Position:

Project Manager (Engineering Contractor: ETPM Services S.A.)

Responsibilities:
1- Detailed Engineering Coordination
2- Procedure and Construction preparation, Commissioning Procedures
ETPM/DAEWOO
Project: Azarpad Crude Oil Metering System, Kharg Island
Position:

Project Engineer

Responsibilities: Metering system rehabilitation, Design review report, Calculation notes, Scope
of works for calibrated section loop prover and main equipment replacement in accordance with
the API & Chapter 4 and calibration procedures
INDOSUEZ LYONNAISE - ITALIAN THAI / AQUATHAI
Chachoengsao Water Supply Project, Thailand (EPC Project)
Position:

Field Project Manager

Responsibilities: Budget estimation and basic engineering for the mechanical works for the 14
water transmission and distribution pumping stations (Safety, Hydraulic, Piping, Structural,
Mechanical, Electrical, Instrumentation and SCADA Systems)
G.D.S. (INDOSUEZ - LYONNAISE)
West Jakarta Water Supply Privatization Project, Indonesia
Position:

Consultant

Responsibilities: Site survey Report on water treatment plants and treated water distribution
pumping stations with rehabilitation and upgrading recommendations (Safety, Hydraulic, Piping,
Structural, Mechanical, Electrical, Instrumentation, SCADA System and Civil works)
CHEVRON Nigeria Ltd
ESCRAVOS LNG Gas Plant, EPC Project, Nigeria
Position:

Field Deputy Construction Manager and Start-Up Manager


(Contractor: ABB Randall - ENTREPOSE)

Responsibilities:
1- Detailed Engineering Coordination, Procurement (Resident in Houston, USA)
2- Mechanical and Piping construction
3- Pre-commissioning & Commissioning Procedures, Commissioning Coordination of
all Trades on site in Escravos, Nigeria (Commissioning Leader)

22

Position:

TOTAL Austral, Argentina


Aguna Pinchana Gas Project

Deputy Manager

Responsibilities:
1- Basic Design review in Houston, USA
2- Design review and EPC Tender / Bid in Argentina

1993 to 1994
KRPC Refinery Kaduna, Nigeria (NNPC)
Project: FCC Unit Rehabilitation and Revamping
Position:

Field Deputy Project Manager and Construction Manager

Responsibilities:
1- Engineering, Procurement
2- Construction coordination
3- Start-up (Commissioning Leader)

1993
LED - Malaysia
Water supply Project - Johor Baru, Malaysia (EPC Project)
Position:

Project Manager (Design and basic Engineering)

Responsibilities:
Water pipeline, Pumping station and Pipeline distribution (Electromechanical, Piping and SCADA systems)

1991 to 1992
ELF Gabon
Project: Upgrading Offshore Platforms GRMI, AYOL, AGM 6 & 7, Gabon
Production and Drilling Platforms, Tele-Exploitation, Revamping
Position:

Project Manager / Construction Manager

Responsibilities:
1- Piping, Mechanical, Electrical and Instrumentation detail Design, Procurement
2- Construction and Start-Up

1990
IOOC / NIOC - Iran
NASR Offshore Production and Utilities / Living Quarter Platforms (EPC project)
Position:

Deputy Project Manager

Responsibilities: Basic Engineering, Detailed design Coordination

1989
NNPC - Nigeria
Gas Metering Station of Ughelli - Nigeria (EPC Project)
Position:

Deputy Project Manager

Responsibilities:
1- Basic Engineering, Detailed Design Coordination
2- Pre-Commissioning and Commissioning Procedures

23

1987 to 1989
GTMI, Jakarta
Representative of GTME (Indonesia)
Position:

Branch Manager

Responsibilities: Tender / Bid evaluations on various projects for TOTAL Indonesia,


UNOCAL, TRITON OIL, MOBIL, and for MMC GAS, SHELL, TIOXIDE, TECHNIP in Malaysia
RHONE POULENC PHARMA Indonesia
Chemical Plant Chemistry of Bogor, Indonesia
Position:

Project Manager and Site Manager

Turn-key all Trades (Civil works, Structure, Piping, Vessel, Mechanical,


Responsibilities:
Electrical and Instrument, Pre-commissioning, Commissioning and Start-Up)

1987
TECHNIP / KARTAS LETJES - Indonesia
Paper Mills of Letjes, West Java, Indonesia
Position:

Instrument & Electrical Site Construction Manager

Wood and Bagasse treating Unit, Paper machine, Black Liquor Recovery
Responsibilities:
Boiler Unit, Paper Paste Plant, Chemical plant, Utilities plant facilities, Fuel System (Tankage &
Truck Loading), Water pumping Station and Effluents Treatment

1986
ESSO SIRACHA - THAILAND
ESSO Refinery Plant, Siracha, Thailand: Instrumentation modernization and Upgrading Project
Position:

Project Engineer

Basic engineering for the Revamping and Upgrading, with Feasibility


Responsibilities:
studies for application of the DCS SYSTEM TDC 2000 on Petroleum process unit, Plant
facilities and Site survey
SHELL BERRE - FRANCE
Refinery plant Instrumentation modernization and Upgrading Project
Position:

Project Engineer

Responsibilities:
1- Development and application of DCS SYSTEM TDC 3000 on Process Units and Utilities
2- Pre-commissioning, Commissioning and Start-up

1985
ETPM / OXYCOL BECHTEL, USA
FSU COVENAS (Marine Terminal Tanker), Colombia (EPC Project)
Position:

Engineering, Development and Application

Responsibilities:
1- DCS SYSTEM TDC 3000 and Field Instrumentation on Load Master, Tankage System,
Pumping System, Crude Oil Metering System, Steam and Power Generation System, Water and
Effluents Facilities System
2- Pre-commissioning, Commissioning, Start-up and Training

24
1978 to 1984

1984

PROCOFRANCE (UOP Group)

DKV Refinery Plant, Saszalonbata, Hungary


Project: FFC Plant (EPC Project)
Position: Design and Construction Engineer

1983

ELF ANTAR Donges, France


Project: FFC Plant and DEE (EPC Project)
Position: Construction Engineer (HYDROCARBON Engineering)

1980 to 1982

TOTAL / CFR- Cameroon


Turnkey Project: SONARA Refinery Victoria (EPC Project)
Position: Construction Engineer

1978 to 1979

SAMIR Mohammedia, Morocco


Project: Grassroots SAMIR Refinery Plant (EPC Project)
Position: Design and Construction Engineer (HYDROCARBON Engineering)

1971 to 1978

1977

PAHNTOS
SAM KIUNG, Ulsan, South Korea
Project: Paint Product Chemical Plant - Rhone Poulenc (EPC Project)
Position: Design and Construction Engineer (KREBS - HYDROCARBON
Engineering)

1971 to 1976

ESSO Refinery Plant, Fos-sur-Mer, France


TOTAL / CFR Refinery Plant, Dunkerque, France
ATOCHEM - PEHP Plant, D. P. R. Korea
Position: Design and Construction Engineer for TECHNIP

Before 1971

1970

BECHTEL
Project: Copper & Ore Treatment Plant, Akjoujt, Mauritania (EPC project)

1969

CGEE
Project: Agro-Chemical Plant PEC-Rhin, France

1968

SPIE
Project: Transalpine Pipeline in Austria

1967

Project: Thermal Power Plant in Craivova, Romania

1964 to 1966

COMSIP
Project: LNG, Arzew, Algeria

1960 to 1962

FRIA
Project: Aluminium Plant FRIA, Guinea (EPC Project)

25
3) Community Coordinator and Interpreter
Family Name:
First name:
Date of birth:
Nationality:
Civil status:
1.

HERMAN
Wipapan
August 23, 1948
Thai
Widow

EDUCATION / PROFESSIONAL STUDIES

1970

Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand

1969

U.S. State Department

2.

English

Fluent

Thai

Native Speaker

Laotian

Native Speaker

MEMBERSHIPS

The Siam Society, since 1984

The British Club, since 1985

4.

East-Asian & Pacific Student Leader Project

LANGUAGE SKILLS

3.

B. A. (Hons.) Linguistics

PRESENT POSITION

Universal Language Center (ULC), Bangkok:

5.

Owner and Director of the ULC

KEY QUALIFICATIONS

Long experience in managing a private language institute, teaching and training both
students and corporate professionals;
Active promoter of human resources development in Thailand and in the ASEAN by
developing a network of focused contacts and investing in knowledge based companies;
Long experience in securing cooperation from government sectors, legal entities and
private sectors, notably the media.

6.

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE RECORD


1970 to present
Universal Language Center (ULC)
Bangkok
Position:

Founder and Director of ULC

Responsibilities:
- Setting up the academic programme;
- Promoting the activity of the Institute;

26
- Managing the teaching staff;
- Assessing the learning levels and the issuing of grades;
- Controlling business accounts.

1995 to present
Energy Economy Environment Consultants (EEEC) Co., Ltd.
Bangkok
Position:

Chairman and Member on the Board of directors from EEEC Co., Ltd.

Responsibilities: Monitoring and pushing for the development of the company that has
been carrying out consultancy and training activities in the Energy-Environment field with
specific focus in the Asia-Pacific region. EEEC developed privileged relationship with key
organizations of the Thai and international communities and is fostering collaboration with
the private sectors to support the development of Renewable Energy or Energy Efficiency
and Savings projects and promoting Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) as well.

1996 to present
Informatics Management Associates (IMA) Co., Ltd.
Bangkok
Position:

Chairman and Member on the Board of directors from IMA Co., Ltd.

Responsibilities: Monitoring the activity of the company that has been providing computer
training and support for Thai and foreign-invested companies in Thailand. The experience
and knowledge acquired during these years is serving to develop customized web services
to accommodate the needs for flexibility and team efficiency from SME companies.

2004 to present
OHANA Co., Ltd.
Bangkok
Position:

Member on the Board of directors from OHANA Co., Ltd.

Responsibilities: Looking after legal matters of the company in buying land and property.

27
4) Marketing Expert
Family Name:
First name:
Date of birth:
Nationality:
Civil status:
1.

LEFEVRE
Francois
April 3, 1959
French
Single

EDUCATION / PROFESSIONAL STUDIES

April 2002 School of Management, Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Bangkok


M.B.A. International Business

January 1996

High Institute of Reinsurance, National School of Insurance, Paris, France


Degree of the High Institute of Reinsurance (batch 1995)

October 1985

Faculty of Law and Economics, University of Dijon, France


Licence of Economics - Public Economy & Management Option

2.

LANGUAGE SKILLS

3.

English
Spanish
French

Fluent
Fair
Native Speaker

OTHER SKILLS

Excellent knowledge of Office Suite (Word, Excel, Power Point, Access), MS Publisher, Quark Xpress
and Dreamweaver MX4 (Web design)

4.

MEMBERSHIPS

Member of Sup de Re the fellowship association from the High Institute of Reinsurance, Paris

5.

PRESENT POSITION

CEERD/FIHRD Energy-Environment Consultancy Organization

6.

7.

Project Financial Officer

KEY QUALIFICATIONS

Excellent knowledge of business finance, activity budgeting and reporting;

Expertise of Risk management and Insurance techniques;

Knowledge of Editing and Publishing business, including computer aided techniques.

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE RECORD


August 2006 to present:
CEERD/FIHRD Centre for Energy Environment Resources Development
Bangkok (Thailand)
Position:

Project Financial Officer

Responsibilities:
- Monitoring the on-going project budgets and work-loads: tracking and reporting year-to-date
progress;

28
- Building up project budgets in the scope of Call for proposals in the energy-environment field;
- Improving the Centres library database (migrating the existing text data to an Access DB);
- Additionally, contributing to the content and design of the website to be launched.

October 2002 June 2006

Position:

TELL Publishers Co.


Blida (Algeria)
CEO and Chairman of the Board of directors from TELL Publishers Co.

Responsibilities:
- Managing the newly created publishing company as Executive Publishing Manager;
- Defining and implementing the publishing programme from the company together with the
directors of Collections: 25 titles after 4 years, related to literature, history and heritage,
management, as well as fine books;

Negotiating contracts for the transfer of rights and royalties;


Contributing to the design and layout of books;
Representative to the Book Fairs (Frankfurt, Paris, Casablanca and Algiers);
Sales manager nationwide and abroad through selected distributors;
Designing and updating the Web site.

1991 to October 2002

Position:
"Charg
Reinsurance

d'Etudes"

&

Coordination

AXA Corporate Solutions


Paris (France)
Marine (Hull and Cargo)

Responsibilities:
- Contributing to the yearly reinsurance programme for the Marine division (portfolio profiles,
reinsurance statistics, burning-cost quotations and programme structure);
- Following-up the major claims files for updating the reinsurance database, particularly with
respect to Excess of Loss protection (calculating reserves, claims and reinstatements addressed
to the reinsurers);
- Contributing to the calculation of loss reserves for the Marine division (maintaining and running an
Access DB to evaluate the net of reinsurance charge) in the scope of a perpetual inventory system;
- Administrating contractual conditions for reinsurance treaties or facultative slips and
responsible for the registration of reinsurance conditions in the accounting database;
- Monitoring the reinsurance data migration process in the framework of a data system overhaul
at AXA Corporate Solutions.

1986 to 1991

Position:

La Runion Europenne (merged with AXA Group in 1996)


Paris (France)
Road haulier's Insurance Underwriter and Claims Manager

Responsibilities:
- Underwriting Inland Cargo & Road hauliers liability Insurance Policies;
- Managing Insurance policies and endorsements;
- Settling Inland Cargo & Road hauliers liability claims;
- Tutor for the introduction of a word processing software to issuing the contracts.

29
5) Environmentalist
Name
Date of Birth
Nationality
Civil Status
1.

ALEXANDRE, Jean-Marc
09 July 1973
French
Single

EDUCATION / PROFESSIONAL STUDIES

September 1999,

University of Montpellier I, France


MASTERS DEGREE in Energy Economics and Law

September 1997,

University of Montpellier I, France


BACHELORS DEGREE in Economic and Financial Project Management

2.

LANGUAGE SKILLS

French

Native speaker

English

Fluent

Spanish

Academic

Thai

Good notions

3.

OTHER SKILLS

Word processing (Microsoft Word), spreadsheet software (Microsoft Excel), presentation software
(Microsoft PowerPoint), Internet Search Engines

4.

COUNTRIES OF WORK EXPERIENCE

Thailand, Lao PDR, France, French Guiana

5.

PRESENT POSITION

CEERD/FIHRD Energy-Environment Consultancy Organization

6.

Project Manager

EMPLOYMENT RECORD AND CURRENT ACTIVITIES:


From May 1999 to present

Position
Job Description

Center for Energy-Environment Research and Development (CEERD)


Bangkok, Thailand
Researcher and Project Manager

1) Energy-Environment policy and planning:


Energy demand and supply forecasting and analysis, energy policy, energy conservation policies and
programs, economic aspects of energy projects, impacts of energy choices on national/regional
economy.
2) Energy-environment technologies:
Clean technologies in industry, new and renewable energy technologies, energy efficient
technologies, potential for transfer of clean technologies in Asia, market surveys, match-making
between suppliers and buyers, etc.

30
3) Project proposals:
Preparation of project proposals to international organizations (European Commission, Asia-Invest,
Synergy, Ademe, APEC, ADB, World Bank, NEDO, etc.)
4) Project Management:
Implementation of projects in collaboration with the European Commission, Asia-Invest, Ademe, Thai
institutions, etc.

7.

KEY QUALIFICATIONS:

ORGANIZATION OF AND TRAINING DURING CONFERENCES, SEMINARS AND WORKSHOPS:


-

CFME/ACTIM/ADEME/CEERD: Workshop and Industrial Meetings New and Renewable


Energy Sources, Bangkok, Thailand, 4-5 October 1999.

EC/SYNERGY/CFME/ACTIM: Asia Energia: Workshop and Industrial Meetings New and


Renewable Energy Technologies, Bangkok, Thailand, April 2000.

CEERD/CMP: Clean Technologies in Industry: a Means to Improve Environmental


Performance and Competitiveness, Bangkok, Thailand, Entech Pollutec 2002, seminar on 10
May 2002.

EC/Asia-Invest/CEERD/Ademe: Clean Technologies: Investment Opportunities in Thailand for


European Companies, Lyon, France, Pollutec 2002, seminar on 27 November 2002.

PROJECT MANAGEMENT:
-

ADEME/CEERD, Preparation of a Regional Workshop and In-Country Training Seminars to


Facilitate the Transfer of Clean Technologies in Industry in Asia, January June 2001.

EC/Asia-Invest/CEERD/Ademe: Facilitating the Dissemination of


Technologies in Thailand, Bangkok, Thailand, February 2002 April 2003.

EC/ASEM/UNIVESRITY OF KARLRUSHE/FIHRD/ECN/ACE/RISOE/UNIVESRITY
PHILIPPINES, ASEM-Green IPP network, January 2002 January 2004.

European
OF

Clean
THE

INDUSTRIAL COOPERATION:
-

CFME/ACTIM/ADEME/CEERD: Workshop and Industrial Meetings New and Renewable


Energy Sources, Bangkok, Thailand, 4-5 October 1999.

EC/SYNERGY/CFME/ACTIM: Asia Energia: Workshop and Industrial Meetings New and


Renewable Energy Technologies, Bangkok, Thailand, April 2000.

EC/Asia-Invest/CEERD/Ademe: Facilitating the Dissemination of European


Technologies in Thailand, Bangkok, Thailand, February 2002 - April 2003.

Clean

MARKET SURVEYS:
-

ADEME/CEERD, Survey of Clean Technologies in Selected Countries in Asia in the Framework


of EU-Asia Economic Cooperation, January December 2000.

NEDO/CEERD: A Survey on Potentials for Energy and Environmental Cooperation in South


Asia and Indochina, April 2001.

CEERD: Investment Opportunities in Thailand for European Suppliers of Clean Technologies,


May October 2002.

RESEARCH PAPERS / PROJECT REPORTS / PUBLICATIONS:


-

SEATEC/AITA-NET/ CEERD/Lahmeyer International Consult/SCHEMA Konsult, Inc. Study of


Large Dams and Recommended Practices-Nam Ngum Hydropower Project, Case Study
Report, January 2000.

31
-

SEATEC/AITA-NET/ CEERD/Lahmeyer International Consult/SCHEMA Konsult, Inc. Study of


Large Dams and Recommended Practices-Victoria Hydropower Project, Case Study Report,
March 2000.

SEATEC/AITA-NET/ CEERD/Lahmeyer International Consult/SCHEMA Konsult, Inc. Study of


Large Dams and Recommended Practices-Magat Hydropower Project, Case Study Report,
April 2000.

SEATEC/AITA-NET/ CEERD/Lahmeyer International Consult/SCHEMA Konsult, Inc. Study of


Large Dams and Recommended Practices-Lingjintan Hydropower Project, Case Study Report,
July 2000.

SEATEC/AITA-NET/ CEERD/Lahmeyer International Consult/SCHEMA Konsult, Inc. Study of


Large Dams and Recommended Practices-Final Report, December 2000.

ADEME/CEERD: Survey of Clean Technologies in Selected Countries in Asia in the Framework


of EU-Asia Economic Cooperation, December 2000.

ALEXANDRE, J-M: Status and Prospects of Hydropower Projects in Asia, in Asian Energy
News, February 2001.

NEDO/CEERD: A Survey on Potentials for Energy and Environmental Cooperation in South


Asia and Indochina, April 2001.

ADEME/CEERD: Preparation of a Regional Workshop and In-Country Training Seminars to


Facilitate the Transfer of Clean Technologies in Industry in Asia, June 2001.

CEERD/ADEME: Facilitating the Dissemination of European Clean Technologies in Thailand,


project for EC/Asia-Invest - interim report June 2002.

32
6) Assistant Community Coordinator

1.

Surname:

MUSIKAJATT

2.

Name:

KRAISIT

3.

Date and place of birth: 25 November 1951, Bangkok

4.

Nationality:

Thai

5.

Civil Status:

Single

Address (phone/fax/e-mail): P.O. Box 250 Ladprao, Ladprao Road, Bangkok


10130 Thailand
Tel: 02 935 2553, Fax: 02 935 2554 Mobile: 05 832 7388

6.

Education:
Gother University, Germany

Institutions:
Date:
From (months/year)
To (months/year)
Degree:

7.

February, 1980
October, 1983
Bachelor Degree Of Natural Energy

Language skills (Mark 1 to 5 for competence, where 5 is the highest):


Language
Thai
German
English

Level
Mother Tongue

Passive
5
4
4

8.

Membership of Professional Bodies:

9.

Other skills

Spoken
5
4
4
Green Peace in Sweden, 1980

Microsoft Word and Excel


Computer Hard Wares Maintenance
Effective co-ordination skills, with experience working in a multi-disciplinary and multicultural team

10.

Present Position:

11.

Years of professional experience: 5 Years

12.

Key qualifications:

13.

Specific experience in non industrialized countries:


Country

Cambodia
Lao PDR

14.

Written
5
4
3

General Manager, PLD Supply Co., LTD

Solar Technique (Sun Energy)

Date: from (month/year)

Name and brief description of

to (month/year)

the project

1998 to 2002
2002 to Present

Hospital and Prosthetic Lower Lime


Solar Panels Instelation (UPS)

Professional experience:

Date:

1998 to Present

Location

Bangkok, Thailand

Company / Organisation

PLD Supply Co., Ltd

33
Position

General Manager

Job Description

Date:

Assistance in marketing of all mineral quartz, silica


powder, sodium feldspar, silica sand, garnet sand
etc.
2. Sales and management
3. Feasibility of project implementation, doing the
research of raw quartz or silica sand for making
solar energy and renewable energy.
- Solar lighting
- Solar water pumping
- Solar battery stands
- Solar wind (Combi)
1998 to Present

Location

Thailand

Company / Organisation

Freelance

Position

Project Coordinator and Project Feasibility

Job Description

Feasibility and Coordination of the following projects:

Date:

1. Coconuts Factory at Tapsakae in Prachuap Khiri


Khan Province, Thailand
2. Silica sand and sand from Kok Por and Peam
Krasob, Channels of Mundul seima district, Kok
Kong Province, Cambodia
3. Hospital and Prosthetic lower limb, Cambodia
(Furnished up on request)
4. Kantana Movie Town (Case Study)
- GHG: Greenhouse Gases Global Warming
- CDM: Clean Development Mechanism
- Kyoto Protocol using in Thailand and Asia
countries.
5. Kidco,W Land Bridge Project (Project stopped)
1990 to 1995

Location

Rayong Province, Thailand

Company / Organisation

Lotus Crystal Co., Ltd

Position

Assistant to the Factory

Job Description

1. Training the workers (German language to Thai


language)
2. Control line production
3. Overseas marketing

15.

1.

Others:
Publications and Seminars:

Participated in Regional Dissemination Workshop on Energy Integrated Urban Planning (EIUP),


13-14 March 2006, UN Conference Centre, Bangkok, Thailand, organized by CEERD-FIHRD
and UNESCAP.

34

Appendix 6:

Design and Monitoring Framework

Design
Summary

Performance Targets
/ Indicators

Data Sources
/ Reporting Mechanisms

Once the facility has been


established the result can be
assessed via local living standard

Number of motorcycles in the


community, number of pick-ups,
turnover from shops selling
construction materials

Impact
Value adding to local coconut cultivation and
processing by setting up an activated carbon factory
in Tap Sakae (Thailand) / Increased turnover and
Income generation in the local communities.

Outcome
In cooperation with local stakeholders, to prepare a
plan for local sustainable use of residues from
cultivation and processing of coconuts.
To prepare an Initial evaluation of the potential for the
development of AC water and air filters.

Implemention of a pre-feasibility
study for production of activated
carbon and assessment of a unit
for manufacturing air and water
filters

Reports scheduled

Investigations related to the


different outputs are carried out

Existence of lists/ tables with


relevant information of identified
outputs from:
International Statistics;
Technology Providers;
National & International
Markets;
National Statistics;
Provincial Statistics;
Local or National Surveys;
Direct Interviews with local
officers, coconut growers
and coconut processors

Assumptions
and Risks
Assumptions
The facility is established

Risks
Project is not feasible, and
the facility is not established

Assumptions
The activated carbon and
filter facility are established

Risks
Project is not feasible

Outputs
Identification of:
Stakeholders
Coconut availability
Technology
Legal and institutional framework
Conceptual design
Investment budget
Pre-feasibility and cash flow
Financing sources
Market analysis
Conditions for filter production
Quality requirements
Replicability Potential
Assessment of Environmental Impacts
CDM opportunities

Assumptions
Access to all information is
possible

Risks
Some essential information
cant be retrieved

35

Activities with Milestones (see Scope of work)


1. Stakeholders
1.1. Meeting with cooperatives and local producers
1.2. Meeting with coconut processing industries
1.3. Meeting with community stakeholder in a Public Hearing

2. Institutional and legal framework


2.1. Meetings with relevant authorities at national, provincial and local levels

3. Potentials Resources (human, raw material, etc)


3.1. Identification of potential Activated Carbon buyers
3.2. Identify Quality Requirements
3.3. Assessment of market for water and air filters (ready made/costumer specified).

4. Technology and Processes


4.1. Evaluation of the different technologies and processes
4.2. Finalization of Conceptual Design
4.3. Preparation investment and operational budget

Inputs

ADB funding
USD 50,000.00

CEERD
-1- Project Coordination
-2- Experts in various project
fields:
9 Project Coordinator /
Planner
9 Community Expert
9 Technology Expert
9 Marketing Expert
9 Economic and Financial
Expert
9 Environmentalist
-3- Administration
-4- Offices and Equipments

5. Preliminary Environmental Impact Assessment


5.1. Emission potential evaluation
5.2. Assessment of CDM potential

6. Outline of Financial Plan


6.1. Economic analysis with sensitivity analysis
6.2. Identification of financing sources and project Implementation Plan

7. Final Report

Local Community
9 Local Agricultural Expert
9 Statistics and other
information

36
Appendix 7: Field trip Reports

1st Field visit to Thap Sakae, Prachuab Khirikhan


14th November, 2007
11h - Meeting and Discussion with Mr. Chod Ngernthaeng, Mayor from Tap Sakae District
Administration Office and his collaborators:
9 presentation of the Team and the Project;
9 discussion about the Questionnaire (see Annex 1);
9 scheduling the meeting with the Coconut Association members in the afternoon.
12h30 Lunch with Mr. Chod Ngernthaeng and his collaborators
14h Meeting with the Coconut Association members (see Annex 2 with some pictures)
After a speech by Mr. Chod Ngernthaeng, president of the Coconut Association, Mr. Wanipong
Manee-Noi, Chief Officer Assistant from Tap Sakae District Administration Office introduced the
team members from CEERD, and the Powerpoint presentation was done by Prof. T. Lefevre
(see Annex 3).
A public composed with coconut growers, charcoal producers and officials of around 50 persons
attended the meeting. The last slide of the presentation was opening to questions from the
assistance (see Annex 4, the list of participants with the name of contributors in bold).
9 Q. When will take place the public consultation? A. Before March, may be in
January/February 2008, will take place Provincial public hearings.
9 Q. Will we have more information about the project before them?
A. Yes, a document in Thai language will be prepared and distributed before the Public
hearings.
9 Q. For charcoal procurement will you deal on a case by case basis with local producers,
or will you turn to a middleman? A. Because of the volumes being processed, the supply
of charcoal will have to be done on a large scale. A middleman will most probably be
needed, or local producers could be encouraged to set up a supplying cooperative that
will pool their production and carry out the trading and logistical supply of charcoal. This
solution could be very promising as it will allow in an easy way to train charcoal
producers on production techniques.
9 C. The next issue is about the quality of locally produced charcoal: because open drums
being used, the process cannot be closely controlled, the charcoal quality is not regular
and at least 10% of the product is lost lowering benefits as well.
9 C. Larger quantities being processed allow for flue gas treatment that can be used for
steam generation and/or electricity production.
9 C. The plant could start with a part only of its capacity for activating charcoal, and the
remaining capacity starting from coconut shell as a pilot project to improve the quality of
charcoal produced in the region (training center).
9 Q. How much clean must be the shells? A. To facilitate the activation process, ie the
creation of pores, the shells need to be very well cleaned and a middleman or a
cooperative could be in charge to enforce a standard in this respect.
9 Q. What about the humidity level from the supply of charcoal: because of the water used
to stop the carbonization process, humidity can be quite high? A. Then to measure the
quantities traded, a laboratory analysis will be needed at the AC plant: the plant will
buy/pay for carbon (moisture level not more than 20%), not for water!

37
9 C. As a conclusion, next public hearings will provide more information about the project
to initiate a further discussion. Furthermore, the participation from the community in the
project design and implementation is essential. Finally, this is a community project: the
project will be due in Thap Sakae if (i) the supply of raw material (feed stocks) is
available, (ii) the community is willing to be part of it, (iii) the financing is available.
Then the Coconut Association President, Mr. Chod Ngernthaeng, asked the members to show
their adhesion to the project and a vote by hands raising indicated that a large majority was
enthusiastic to supporting the project and the plant installation.
To conclude the meeting, the Association President thanked the participants and took advantage
of the audience to introduce another project related to biodiesel production from coconut flesh
fermentation, an additional sign of the richness of Coconut for the rural community in the region.
16h30 Visit to Mr. Chod Ngernthaeng factory (a comprehensive collection of pictures is
annexed to the second field trip report)
18h00 Dinner with Mr. Chod Ngernthaeng and his collaborators
19h30 Back to Bangkok

38
Annex 1 Questionnaire
1. ACTORS IN THE REGION:
Number of coconut grower Associations in Prachuap Khirikan province?
Number of members in each of these associations?
2. PLANTATION AREA:
What is the coconut plantation area (by district):
-

Tap Sakae:

Mueang Prachuap Khirikan:

Bang Saphan:

Kui Buri:

Bang Saphan Noi:

Pran Buri:

Hua Hin:

Sam Roi Yot:

What is the average number of coconut trees per Rai?


What is the production of coconuts per tree and per day/month/year?
How old are the trees?
Is there any management plan of coconut plantations (re-plantation of coconuts of maybe
other crops)?
What are the other crops associated to coconut plantations (is something cultivated inbetween the coconut trees)?
3. HARVESTING & PROCESSING:
How many people work is needed for coconut harvesting (per Rai)?
What is the mode of harvesting? (Picking from the ground or from upper trees?)
What is the frequency of harvesting (Daily, weekly, monthly)?
Are there any annual variations in coconut supply? (due to seasonal change)
4. USE OF COCONUTS:
Different uses of coconut:
Names and eventually contact persons, address, e-mail etc. of firms related to coconut
products (copra, milk, fiber, dust, charcoal)?

39
How many shells are needed to produce 1 ton of charcoal with existing used technology?
What are the alternative uses of shells (cooking, heating, other) and in what quantity?
Is there any additional use of fiber waste?
5. TRANSPORT
What are the transportation costs by distance and by means of conveyance
-

Truck (road)

Train (rail)?

Ship (sea)?

6. REGIONAL INFORMATION
What is the price of the land for plant construction in Tap Sakae (Baht per Rai)?
Is there availability of piece of land of 4 - 10 Rais?
What is the security situation in Prachuap Khirikan province?
7. MANAGEMENT:
Who could be interested in this project?
How do you see the involvement of Coconut Associations in the project?
Who will be the direct shareholder: President of the coconut association, the Association or
the individual members of the Association?
How many shares they would like to have?

40
Annex 2.

Pictures from the visit

Lunch time!

Coconut processing plant


where the meeting took place

Coconut Association President,


Mr. Chod Ngernthaeng

41

Powerpoint presentation

Some of the speakers from the


Q and A session

42

Group picture

43
Annex 3 Slides from the Powerpoint presentation

44

45

46

47

48

49
Annex 4 List of Participants from the Meeting with the Coconut Association Members
Tap Sakae, 14th November, 2007
No.

Name

Address

Mr. Sang-voei

Buathong

No. 69/2 Moo. 5

Mr. Phloy

Chuayrat

No. 1/15

Mr. Phong

Khongsri

No. 6/115

Mr. Suwan

Paladchang

No. 7 Moo. 5

Mr. Boonsin

Markprasert

No. 2/5

Mr. Sompoch

Sudpimsri

No. 74

Mrs. Janthana

Udomsin

No. 21/1

Mrs. Mukda

Laklaem

No. 105 Moo. 3

Mrs. Unchalee

Laklaem

No. 105 Moo. 3

10

Mr. Phanom

Jaemjamras

No. 124/1 Moo. 8

11

Mrs. Raphin

Paen-In

No. 15/4 Moo. 1

12

Mr. Sukkaew

Hormchuen

No. 88/2 Moo. 2

13

Mrs. Suchada

Daengchuong

No. 90 Moo. 2

14

Mrs. Sunan

Daengchuong

No. 90 Moo. 2

15

Ms. Siriphinya

Srisiriwilaikul

No. 78/1 Moo. 5

16

Mr. Thiang

Kong-Asai

No. 61 Moo. 5

17

Mrs. Lamphu

Sirilak

No. 140 Moo. 7

18

Mrs. Kray

Kerdphoom

No. 126 Moo. 7

19

Mrs. Amphai

Sa-ard-Rup

No. 124/1 Moo. 7

20

Mr. Somjit

Thongrod

No. 9/1 Moo. 5

21

Mrs. Wanpen

Kulchaikul

No. 5/2 Moo. 1

22

Mrs. Unchalee

In-Siri

No. 16 Moo. 1

23

Mr. Phanom

Chaichok

No. 43 Moo. 1

24

Mrs. Suthisa

Ong-Chet

No. 71/7 Moo. 1

25

Mrs. Wanna

Tapaothong

No. 71 Moo. 1

26

Mrs. Somjai

Nujabkaew

No. 14/16

27

Mrs. Rumpoei

Makprasert

No. 14/7

28

Mr. Thonglor

Ong-Chet

No. 71/4

29

Mr. Janraem

Jai-song

No. 75

30

Mrs. Noi

Duongyai

No. 43

31

Mrs. Pranee

Theu-Sin

No. 50

32

Ms. Wannaporn

Ngernthaeng

No. 58

33

Mrs. Chamnian

Somsri

No. 42/2

34

Mrs. Chuoy

Somsri

No. 42/2

35

Mrs. Thongkham

Meeyen

No. 7/5

36

Mrs. Gaysorn

Thiammork

No. 44

37

Ms. Duongporn

Thiammork

No. 34/1

Tel

087-8223256

50
38

Mrs. Wanthana

Kemnark

No. 73

39

Mrs. Anong

Kemnark

No. 73/1

40

Mrs. Sommai

Seneewong

No. 61/5

41

Mr. Wim

Trilert

No. 118/5 Moo. 8

089-9195848

42

Mr. Weera

Sirilak

No. 192 Moo. 7

089-1639795

43

Ms. Khwanruen

Phinpradup

No. 47 Moo. 5

44

Mr. Prapat

Simpha

Owner of D. Engineering (No. 39/1 Moo. 5)

45

Mr. Supod

Kaewwichian

No. 137/2 Moo. 1

089-9104944

46

Mr. Jancherd

Samlee

47

Mr. Saichon

Joisoi

081-9814378

48

Mr. Sanom

Manee-Daeng

No. 28/5
Entrepreneur (No. 37 Moo. 3, Angthong
Sub-district)
Village Head Moo. 7 (No.35 Moo. 6,
Angthong Sub-district)

49

Mr. Kaew

Kulchaikul

No.5/2 Moo. 1

083-4251710

50

Mr. Pradith

Somsri

No. 33/1

086-5051455

51
52

Mr. Phanlop
Mr. Mana

Kedraksa
Laila-iad

Village Head Moo. 5


No. 42/2 Moo. 2

089-1267884
085-1861503

53

Mrs. Rattana

Pakhapongpan

089-8238174

54

Mr. Seththee

Nikorachanon

55

Mr. Wanipong

Manee-Noi

Thap Sakae District Agricultural Office


Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand
(EGAT)
Assistant District Chief Officer of Thap
Sakae District Administration Office

086-0669291

081-3130548
081-8986309

51

2nd Field visit to Thap Sakae, Prachuab Khirikhan


6th December, 2007
11h - Meeting and Discussion with Mr. Chod Ngernthaeng, Mayor from Tap Sakae District
Administration Office and his collaborators. The following points were mentioned and/or
discussed:
9 next visit to 2 or 3 land plots available for the plant installation;
9 summing up of the project framework:
o pre-feasibility study from ADB, 6 months length (however, for finalization of the
present phase, April 2008 is targeted);
o loan for financing the project (possible credit line);
o if the project proves to be viable with community benefits, the experience could
be disseminated to other places in Asia under the same financing line;
o other sources of financing could be found in Thailand (SMEs).
9 in addition to the information collected with the Questionnaire (see the revised version as
Annex 1, together with its translation in Thai) and Statistics for 2006 from the coconut
plantations in Prachuab Khirikhan Province, some other information are provided to the
visiting team along the discussion:
- coconut flesh is sent daily to food industries;
- there are 5 bigger coconut processors in Tap Sakae; they will be potential partners
for this present project development;
- local producers already provide activated carbon factories with charcoal they produce;
- 500 tons of coconut shell are produced monthly in Tap Sakae; activated carbon
factories already using around 50 tons of coconut shell per day;
- powder resulting from the cleaning process of the shell (straw) can be compacted
and sold (20 satang per kg) for using as compost, building material However, only
a few % are actually sold and most of it stay on the spot, with the following problems:
o bug contamination that can further infest the coconut trees in the area (because
of this sanitary issue, the trading with Japan of compacted powder had to be
stopped); Khun Chods company alone produce 40 tons per day of powder while
big coconut growers can produce up to 100 tons per day;
o risk of explosion and fire.
- samples of cleaned coconut shells (5), charcoal (5 kgs), powder and fiber that are
needed for analysis will be provided by Khun Chods company;
- project funds can be used to training people for better practice and to improve the
processes from producers to making higher quality charcoal;
- if the plant process starts from coconut shell instead of charcoal, flue gas from the
process could be used for steam production or producing electricity, lowering then the
production costs with a very positive impact on the environment (methane emission
reduction, possibility of CDM application, etc.);
- the factory should rely on a pool of charcoal producers, like a cooperative of
producers providing a significant volume of charcoal with a standard quality;
- potential partners should provide their inputs for designing et setting up the factory,
such as: provision of coconuts, shells or charcoal, long term agreement, price, etc.;
- public hearings need to be organized to inform and to collect the whole community
opinions before the start of the project to avoid negative public reactions later.
As a conclusion to the meeting, a work plan for coming activities is decided as follows:
1. Production of a small brochure in Thai giving information on the project at the start of
2008;
2. Third visit to Tap Sakae: mid January to discuss with potential shareholders;

52
3. Fourth visit to Tap Sakae: mid February 2008, at the time of Provincial Public Hearings;
4. Finalization of the report for ADB: end of April 2008;
5. Potential discussions of financing with ADB and local shareholders: starting April 2008.
12h30 Lunch with Mr. Chod Ngernthaeng and his collaborators
14h00 - Visit to 2 potential plots available (see Annex 2)
9 the first one is located on the main road, 20 rai, with electricity and water supply, easy
road access and priced 1 million baht per rai;
9 the second one, 500 meters to 1 km away, 70 rai, is close to the road with electricity
posts; presenting water surfacing; priced 300,000 baht per rai. In front of it, another plot
is being prepared for hosting a plant for compacting coconut shell powder (with a
potential market in Europe).
14h30 Visit to Mr. Chod Ngernthaengs factory (Annex 3)
plus an additional visit to a Gasifier plant and an experimental Bio-fuel plant, still in Tap Sakae
district.
17h30 Back to Bangkok

53
Annex 1.

Questionnaire (revised version)

1. ACTORS IN THE REGION:


Number and contacts details (Name, address, telephone, fax, e-mail, etc) of coconut
grower Associations in Prachuap Khirikan province?
Number of members in each of these associations? Name and contact of the President of
each association?
2. PLANTATION AREA IN THE PROVINCE:
What is the coconut plantation area (by district):
Total Number of
coconuts used as
food
(per day, month or
year)

Number of coconut
used for charcoal
(per day, month or
year)

Number of
coconut unused
(per day, month or
year)

Thap Sakae
Mueang Prachuap
Khirikan
Bang Saphan
Kui Buri
Bang Saphan Noi
Pran Buri
Hua Hin
Sam Roi Yot
3. HARVESTING & PROCESSING:
How many people are needed to harvest one Rai of coconut plantation?
What is the total production of coconut shell in the province (in tons)?
What is the volume of the present unused coconuts? And, what happens to them?
4. USE OF COCONUTS:
Can you provide a list of the factories using coconuts as raw material (with names of factory,
name of contact persons, address, telephone, fax, e-mail etc)?
What are these factories doing with the coconut shells after they have used the coconuts?
What are the alternatives uses of shells (cooking, heating, charcoal, others) and in what
quantity in each category?
Do coconut growers or suppliers of charcoal provide charcoal as a raw material to existing
Activating Carbon Plants in Thailand? If yes, in what quantities, and for what plant?

54
5. TRANSPORT
Are coconut/charcoal transported by sea? From which port?
What are the transportation costs (per kg or per tons) by distance ( kilometers) and by
means of conveyance
-

Truck (road):

Train (rail):

Ship (sea):

What are the Deep Sea Ports available close to Thap Sakae? Please list them. How far (in
kilometers) are they from Thap Sakae?
6. PLANT LOCATION
Is 50 Rai land in Bang Saphan district (Government Land Class C) constructible? How far is
it from the seaport? Does it have access to electricity, water? Does it have good road access?
Can it be flooded?
What are the other potential lands apart from the 50 Rai land in Bang Saphan district
(Government Land Class C)? If possible please provide a list of other potential available
lands.
7. STAKEHOLDERS
Are the coconut growers, suppliers of charcoal, coconut associations willing to be involved in
this project?
If yes, how many and who is ready to participate in the project? Please provide a tentative
list of coconut growers, companies and associations willing to be involved as shareholders.
How do coconut growers, suppliers of charcoal or associations see their involvement in this
project? What could they bring to the equity shareholding?
What kind of warranty are they willing to provide in the long term, particularly in relation with
long term prices for coconuts/coconuts shells/charcoal?
How coconut growers would like to be involved in the shareholding:
a. As coconut providers only?
b. As coconut shell providers only
c. As charcoal providers only?
d. As project shareholders?
What is the national and/or local administration willingness to be involved in the project? How
could they support the project? What? How? Who?
How could a public hearing be organized in relation with the charcoal plant concept, design,
construction and operation? Where? When? With who?

55
Annex 1 bis. Thai version of the Questionnaire

1.

2.

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

/ /

(
)
(
)

3.

56

( )
(, , )
( )

4.

()

()

57

( , ,
, ) , ,
1

( , , )

5.

-
-
-

6.
(/)
4 10

7.
/


,

58
Annex 2.

Visit to 2 potential plots for the factory installation

First plot:
20 rai, along the main road,
priced 1 million baht per rai

Second plot:
70 rai, along a secondary road;
priced 300,000 baht per rai

59
Second plot (continued)

60
Annex 3.

Visit to a Coconut shell charcoal factory

There are 5 manufacturers of coconut shell charcoal in Tap Sakae district. They all use
the same technique for making charcoal. The process described below is illustrated with pictures
from Mr. Chod Ngernthaengs factory.

Coconuts being delivered in bulk

First, husk is removed manually. You can see on the picture above the way it is done. A
sharp knife fixed on vertical stick is used to remove the outer (fiber) shell, by downward
movement.

61
Later, the inner (hard)
shell is also removed manually,
using a small axe.

The hard shell is now


ready for carbonization.
Carbonization

is

process of impartial burning of


carbonaceous

materials.

It is

done in barrels (picture next


page) by burning the shells for
approximately 8h. As both quality
and volume of charcoal depend
on how air is well controlled
during the burning process, this
technique has poor yield and
gives low quality end products as
well.

In

addition,

the

gases

generated which could be used


as combustible, are also lost in
the

atmosphere

creating

an

environmental hazard.
Charcoal manufacture could be
done

with

kilns

specially

designed instead. Thus, both


quality

and

quantity

of

product would be improved.

end

62

Later, charcoal is crushed


and passed through a screen
where ash is separated.

Charcoal
starch
charcoal

and

is

mixed

compacted
briquettes.

with
into
These

briquettes are sold for barbecue


and cooking devices at a price of
10 Baht per kg ($1=33B)

63
The residues from Coconut
processing can be partially used.

Copras brown skin is used


in coconut oil production (skin is
put into the water, boiled and the
coconut oil is simply skimmed off).

Coconut flesh is washed


before being collected (every day)
to be processed by the food
industry.

Debris of copra are dried in


smoke-drying kiln and sold for biodiesel production.

64

Coconut shell is used to fuel


the kiln.

At the start of the whole


process, husk is removed and then
hackled to extract the fiber. The
fiber is baled and sold abroad for
furniture

industry.

However,

producers complain about the price


that felt down, from 15 Baht per kg
last year to 10 Baht now.

At

this

stage,

huge

quantity of fiber dust (powder) is


being produced (see picture next
page). The outer shell contains
approximately 33% of fiber and
66% of dust. Dozens of tons of
dust are produced daily by each
charcoal

manufacturer

in

Tap

Sakae district. The dust is used in


a very small scale for production of
fertilizers, while most of it remains
unexploited.

65

It may be possible to add


value to this residue by using it as
a fuel at the Activated Carbon
factory.

Visit to a Gasifier plant in


the District of Tap Sakae, an
experimental project for producing
electricity (from the Department of
Alternative Energy

Development

and Efficiency (DEDE), Ministry of


Energy.

66

67

68

Visit to a bio-diesel production plant from copra in the District of Tap Sakae.