18 views

Uploaded by Leonard Tucker

- Tutorial 2 Heat Transfer Answer Bmm3513 Sem 1-12-13
- Derivation of the LMTD and E-NTU
- Chemistry pearson chapter 5
- 837_1
- AQA enthlapy change
- Resnick Halliday s Physics for Iit Jee Vol 1
- Cambridge
- Counter Current Heat Exchanger
- 1-s2.0-S0017931005003005-main
- Homework - Volume of Gas Needed to Heat Air in Room - Chemistry Stack Exchange
- Igcse Physics MC
- Guia de Laboratorio de Intercambiadores
- PhyChem Annual Program Grade 7.pdf
- 10.1007_s10973-015-5217-5
- behrens 14te408 tdswebsite
- science assessment rubric
- 5_60_lecture11
- Exer. 3
- 5054_w10_qp_33
- 5054_w10_qp_31

You are on page 1of 3

ChE 110A

Enthalpy calculations

Consider adding a fixed amount of heat to a closed system initially at temperature , at constant

pressure. We would like to know the final temperature . Applying the first law, we find that:

Substituting :

Since the pressure is constant,
0 and this expression simplifies so we can integrate:

If the heat capacity is constant, we find that !. On the other hand, in general the heat

capacity can be temperature-dependent. A general temperature-dependent empirical form for the heat

capacity for ideal gases and incompressible liquids is:

#

$

% &

"

this into the enthalpy integral and performing the integration, we arrive at:

" (# !

$

!

+ + ! % & & !,

2

3

At this point, we could plug in the known values of everything and solve for , but we would need a

fairly robust nonlinear equation solver, since there are several terms involving . A better approach

would be to iterate, where we can provide a controlled initial guess.

To set up the equation for iteration, we put it in the same form as the case for constant heat capacity.

To do this, we multiply and divide by !:

$

" -# !

2 !

3 + + ! % & & !.

0 1 !

!

!

where we have defined the average heat capacity 0 1 using the expression:

0 1

$

" -# !

2 !

3 + + ! % & & !.

!

Here the subscript H indicates that the average heat capacity is computed with respect to enthalpy

calculations. Note that 0 1 is also dependent on , the temperature for which we are solving. Thus,

we need to perform an iteration. Rearranging our main equation,

0 1

To solve for , we provide an initial guess, compute 0 1 , and then compute a new value for using

the equation above. We continue this process until converges.

For numerical reasons, it is often more convenient to express the average heat capacity using and the

ratio of the temperatures 2 / , rather than . Making the substitution 2 in the above

equation, 0 1 can also be written as:

0 1 " (#

$

2

1!

2

2

1!

%& 2 & ,

2

3

Entropy calculations

Lets say we want to compute the entropy change in the same case as above, where the temperature of

the system changes from the same to at constant pressure. Since entropy is a state function, it

doesnt matter what process we conceptualize for this change, and we will pick a reversible process as

the most convenient. Starting again with the first law, simplified from the previous example:

d

9

9

9 ln < =

On the other hand, if the heat capacity follows the same substance-dependent form as before, we can

again substitute and integrate to get:

% &

9 " (# ln < =

$ !

!

& !,

2

2

We would like to put this expression in the same form as the constant heat capacity case:

9

%

" -# ln !

$ !

2 ! 2 & & !.

0 1? ln < =

ln

ln < =

0 1?

% &

" -# ln !

$ !

!

& !.

2

2

ln

%

2

1

21

" @#

A$

B C

D <

=E <

=F

2

ln 2

2 C

with 2 / as before. Note that the average heat capacity used in entropy calculations is different

from that used for enthalpy calculations, as indicated by the subscripts S and H, respectively.

Also note that, if is not specified and 9 is given, we would have to solve iteratively for using the

rearranged expression:

exp <

J9

=

0 1?

- Tutorial 2 Heat Transfer Answer Bmm3513 Sem 1-12-13Uploaded bySuhadahafiza Shafiee
- Derivation of the LMTD and E-NTUUploaded bymezacoe
- Chemistry pearson chapter 5Uploaded byAngelina Scarlet Bravo Montenegro
- 837_1Uploaded byazlan
- AQA enthlapy changeUploaded bySanah Khan
- Resnick Halliday s Physics for Iit Jee Vol 1Uploaded bykaran
- CambridgeUploaded byichy_lucya
- Counter Current Heat ExchangerUploaded byLimanto Lee
- 1-s2.0-S0017931005003005-mainUploaded byMuhammad Awais
- Homework - Volume of Gas Needed to Heat Air in Room - Chemistry Stack ExchangeUploaded byanurag yadav
- Igcse Physics MCUploaded byayeaye
- Guia de Laboratorio de IntercambiadoresUploaded byOscar H. Quiroga
- PhyChem Annual Program Grade 7.pdfUploaded byClara Bangun
- 10.1007_s10973-015-5217-5Uploaded byOng
- behrens 14te408 tdswebsiteUploaded byapi-252987829
- science assessment rubricUploaded byapi-319586327
- 5_60_lecture11Uploaded bysgyblee
- Exer. 3Uploaded byRishabh
- 5054_w10_qp_33Uploaded bymstudy123456
- 5054_w10_qp_31Uploaded bymstudy123456
- 5054_w10_qp_32Uploaded bymstudy123456
- Ex 4Physics TheoriesUploaded bymegmayor
- Mock Board Examination in Geas - AUploaded bySantiago KeLvin
- AP Chem Chapter 5 OutlineUploaded bycindyc_30
- Memo 3- Noviembre 9 2010Uploaded byandrespunk19
- assessmentrubricUploaded byapi-319345307
- science assessment rubricUploaded byapi-319586327
- EXAM 19.pdfUploaded bymakeencv
- Exp 2Uploaded byEngiri Bird
- Exercise Form 4 Heat Us 1 2017Uploaded byMOHAMAD RIZAL BIN MUKHTAR

- E-Keshavarz-novo.pdfUploaded byLeonard Tucker
- Blaise 31UK.pdfUploaded byLeonard Tucker
- Blaise 19UK.pdfUploaded byLeonard Tucker
- Blaise 18 Uk to Taal FreeUploaded byangdrake
- Blaise15UKTotaal DownloadUploaded byangdrake
- Blaise 13 Uk SpecialUploaded byangdrake
- Blaise_9_UK_AllForPDFUploaded bya7410
- PI MBUS 300Uploaded byvstraining2
- Steamform-Sizing-Sheet.pdfUploaded byLeonard Tucker
- SS_16.PDFUploaded byLeonard Tucker
- Shut-Off Butterfly Valves 3 0 EnUploaded byByeong-Taek Yun
- properties.pdfUploaded byLeonard Tucker
- Liquid-Sizing-Sheet.pdfUploaded byLeonard Tucker
- Conversion TablesUploaded bypraveenk_13
- Conversion FactorsUploaded byNirmal Subudhi
- Conversion FactorsUploaded bySiew Chung Ki
- news_2011415162134.pdfUploaded byLeonard Tucker
- lecture_11_2014.pdfUploaded byLeonard Tucker
- Chemical Process PrinciplesUploaded byBilal Khashan
- Redlich Kwong MathematicaUploaded byEmiliano Velázquez
- A data Bank of Parameters for the Attractive-Aznar Telles.pdfUploaded byLeonard Tucker

- AVY_IRR1-AKB.pdfUploaded byShivamKumar
- Rote DatabaseUploaded byChip Davis
- Biospect 21 Manual_engUploaded byOBERON-INTROSPECT-BIOSPECT
- PHYSICS bsc hons-2013.pdfUploaded byvoltax1
- Thermodynamics Challenges - Luis Eduardo Physics ChallengesUploaded byercassiosantos
- Real Gas Friction Heating & Joule-Thompson Effect JTUploaded byOtis Arms
- hand_bookUploaded byozoemena29
- B.Sc Chemistry Syllabus [CCSS-UG]: Calicut universityUploaded byShofi R Krishna
- A Brief History and Philosophy of PhysicsUploaded bygheorghe2
- Fundamentals of Statistical MechanicsUploaded byM8Rirmpi01
- General Chemistry 2Uploaded byOrley Fadriquel
- Skf1013 Course OutlineUploaded bySaifAdamz's
- Compressible Flow EqnUploaded byAnkur Bhatnagar
- Calculating entropy at different scales among diverse communication systemsUploaded byJay De La Cruz
- Thermodynamics MCQ 1800 MCQ with AnswersUploaded byswai singh
- Computational Study of Gas Phase Aromatic Nucleophilic Substitution of Phenoxyl in 2, 4- Dinitrodiphenylether with DimethylaminUploaded byInternational Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology
- sfcaUploaded byविश्वेश सिंह
- Vladimir E. Fortov and Igor V. Lomonosov- Thermodynamics of extreme states of matterUploaded byDeez34P
- ThermodynamicUploaded byAhmed M T
- Thermodynamics 1 Lecture 1-EngineeringUploaded byKumaraShan
- practice_book_physics.pdfUploaded byGalo Candela
- Taier TDUploaded byMrDarera
- 2009Uploaded bynedian_2006
- ch09Uploaded byson
- Organised Complexity,Uploaded byAnthony Los
- Mind Machine and Morality Toward a Philosophy of Human Technology SymbiosisUploaded byMuhaemin Sidiq
- Fall 2014 CHME 2010 syllabusUploaded bySarah Al-m
- DetailedSyllabi ME 2006Uploaded byBivin Mathew
- Second Law Analysis of Hydromagnetic Flow from a Stretching Rotating Disk: DTM-Padé Simulation of Novel Nuclear MHD Propulsion SystemsUploaded bySEP-Publisher
- exergy analysis of ideal braysson cycleUploaded byPRADEEP_351