New Year's Day (January 1), the Spring Festival (the New Year's Day by Chinese lunar calendar), The

Poyang Lake on the middle and lower reaches of the International Labor Day (May 1), and the National Day Situated in the depths of the mountains in the border area of Yangtze River is China's largest freshwater lake, with an Nanping, Songpan and Pingwu counties in Aba Tibetan and (October 1) area of 3583 sq. km Qiang Autonomous Prefecture of northwestern Sichuan, is a fairyland called Jiuzhaigou – Nine-Village Valley , which is the home of nine Tibetan villages. The valley is 50 kilometers in Renminbi (RMB) yuan 2 2 1 B C ( u n i fi ca ti o n u n d er t h e Q in o r C h ' i n length. D yn a s t y) ; 1 J an u ar y 1 9 1 2 ( Q i n g o r C h ' i n g D yn a s t y r e p l ac ed b y th e R ep u b li c o f C h i n a ); 1 O c t o b er 1 9 4 9 ( Pe o p le 's R e p u b l ic o f C h in a e s t a b li s h ed )

Conventional Long Form: The People's Republic of China Conventional Short Form: China Local Long Form: Zhon ghua Ren min Gongh egu o Lo cal Sh or t For m: Zh ongg uo Beijing

China has a territory area of 9.6 million square km, second to Russia and Canada,with a sea area of about 4.73 In East Asia, border on the west Pacific Ocean

8 hours earlier than the Greenwich Time

A well-known part of the Guilin River, it flows from the Piled Festoon Hill to "Bilian Peak" in Yangshou, covering a distance of 83 kilometres. This green ribbon-like river runs zigzag through a Most of the country is in the temperate zone, although multitude of hills against a backdrop of steep peaks, luxuriant geographically the country stretches from the tropical flowers and green hills along the shores are mirrored in the blue and subtropical zones in the south to the frigid zone in water, giving the visitor a poetic inspiration the north.

High in its west and low in its east: mountain areas 33.3%, plateaus 26%, basins 18.8%, plains 12% and hills 9.9%. The Great Wall was first built as a defense line against nomadic incursions. Its military and strategic importance was unmatched by any other projects in ancient China. The construction of the Among the 19 mountains over 7,000 meters high in wall began around the 7th-4th century BC during the Spring and the world, seven are in China. The Qinghai-Tibet Autumn Period (770-476BC). At that time, feudal states built Plateau, known as "the roof of the world", has many walls for self-defense against the invasion of nomadic tribes. In high mountains. 221 BC, after unifying China, Qinshihuang, the first emperor of China, had the walls linked up, reinforced and extended to form the Great Wall. During succeeding dynasties in later years, renovations were made in line with local geographic conditions, creating many enchanting sights. It was listed by UNESCO as its World Heritage in 1987. The Himalayas, with an average elevation of 6,000 meters, have the world's highest peak Mount Qomolangma, 8,848 meters above sea level.

The National Flag of the PRC is a red rectangle emblazoned with five stars. The proportion of its length and height is 3 to 2. The upper left of the face of the Flag is studded with five yellow five-pointed stars. One of the stars is bigger than the others, with its circumcircle's diameter being three-tenth of the height of the Flag, and is placed in the left; the other four stars are smaller, with their circumcircle's diameter being one-tenth of the height of the Flag, encircling the big star on its right in the shape of an arch. The National Emblem of the PRC features Tiananmen Gate beneath the five shining stars, encircled by ears of grain and with a cogwheel at the bottom. The ears of grain, stars, Tiananmen and cogwheel are gold; the field within the circle is red, as are the ribbons festooning the bottom of the circle.

The Yangtze River, 6,300 km long, is the third longest in the world after the Nile and the Amazon.

In China the Peony is known as the "Fuguihua". "The flower of riches and honor. It symbolizes wealth and distinction and is an emblem of love and affection. As China's national flower, the Peony truly lives up to its name.

The Grand Canal, 1,801 km long, is the longest man-made river in the world. Its cutting began in the fifth century BC



TCM is not merely a general invention, but also a great invention, which in fact, can be called the "fifth great invention in ancient China." TCM's contribution to the world is not only an original medical system but also a part of China's traditional culture.

Horse Road Silk Road The Qinghai Lake on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is the country's largest salt lake, covering 4583 sq. km



The Silk Road winds its way through numerous lands and deserts, colorfully stretching its way through the civilizations of Asia, Europe and Africa. It was through the Silk Road that the four great ancient Chinese inventions of papermaking, gunpowder, the compass and printing were diffused across the world.

Pottery Ceramics China, as one of the world's most ancient civilizations, has made a multiple of contributions for the advancement and improvement of human societies, among which pottery and porcelain occupy a unique position and boast great significance. Ceramics of distinctively different artistic and technological styles in different periods throughout different dynasties contain both scientific and aesthetic features. The word "china" clearly shows that the country is the "home of pottery and porcelain."


Suan Chou

Fractional Number

1 ,338,612 ,968 (Ju ly 2009 est.) Of the 56 ethnic groups in China, the Hui and Manchu use the same language as Han people, while the rest groups have their own spoken and written languages.

In the colorful treasure trove of Chinese history and culture, mathematics (math) is undoubtedly a resplendent and glaring pearl. Boasting paramount values and a unique position in the world civilization history, math is another important contribution China has made to the world besides the Four Great Ancient Inventions of papermaking, gunpowder, compass, and printing.

Farm Tools


Ancient Shipbuilding

Shipbuilding Invention

Navigation Invention

23 ethnic groups have their own characters

Boasting one of the world's most glaring agricultural civilizations, China's agriculture began in the remote antiquity when there was still no written history.

Religion plays a significant part in the life of many Chinese. Buddhism is most widely practiced, with an estimated 100 million adherents.

Machine exchange Machinery in and publications Production Machinery in Machinery in Daily use Transportation As one of the earliest countries to apply machinery, China boasts a lot of unique inventions like the compass vehicle, the seismograph, and the incense burner with their respective characteristics on using power and mechanical structural design. D

The Chinese nation, which grew up along the Huanghe and Yangtze rivers, created Chinese civilization by developing from The Great Bell Temple is located on the northern western of the land and river to the oceans, greatly pushing forward the Beijing city, No. 31 Western Section of the North 3rd Ring development of the nation as well as the world. Road (Beisanhuan Xilu). Built in 1733, the temple houses the largest bell in China. In addition, the temple also has a small ancient bell museum and some Chinese ancient bells displayed.

Communist Type

Based on civil law system derived from Soviet and continental civil code legal principles; legislature retains power to interpret statutes; constitution ambiguous on judicial review of legislation, has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.

Flame Chengde Mountain Resort is one of China's leading scenic spots and the world's largest imperial garden, which served as the summer resort for emperors of the Qing Dynasty. Based on the reasonable understanding of wars and military problems in the slavery and feudalism societies, ancient Chinese military thoughts experienced a consistent development in the past thousands of years with the advancement of the society. The Mansion, Temple and Cemetery of Confucius in Qufu, Shandong Province, are cultural sites that attract tourists from both China and abroad, In 1994, they were listed as UNESCO’s world cultural heritage sites. Diagnosis·Therapeutics

Dong Wu Che Stirrup Thrower (cave house vehicle )

Gun Powder

Paper Printing Seal During the second century, China began to produce writing paper with hemp or bark fibers. Later on, technological processes and equipment for papermaking were further developed. Chinese paper and papermaking were first introduced to Vietnam and Korea and then from Korea to Japan.

Yellow Mountain (Mt. Huangshan), also known as Mount There were many great inventions in ancient China. Massage Therapy Gua Sha Capping Huangshan, is located in the southern part of Anhui Province. It is undoubtedly China’s most celebrated mountain for all its Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) was one of them. grandeur and beauty. In 1990 Yellow Mountain was declared a World Natural and Cultural Heritage by UNESCO Heritage Committee.

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