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CHAPTER 8

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY
Chapter 8
Centre of Buoyancy
Exercise -8

Answer 1
Given:1. Displacement = 1640t
2. Dimensions of vessel = 50m * 10m * 8m
RD of SW = 1.025
RD of SW

= Displacement
Underwater Volume

1.025

=
1640
Underwater Volume

Underwater Volume

= 1640
1.025

Underwater Volume

= 1600m3

Underwater Volume = L * B * draft


1600

= 50 * 10 * draft

1600 = draft
50*10
3.2m

= draft

KB

= draft
2

KB

= 3.2
2

KB

= 1.6m

KB of vessel in SW in 1.6m

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CHAPTER 8
CENTRE OF BUOYANCY
Answer 2
Given:1.
2.
3.
4.

Dimensions of the vessel = 60m * 10m * 10m


RD of DW1 = 1.020
Draft = 6m
RD of DW2 = 1.004

RD of DW1

= Displacement of vessel
Underwater Volume

RD of DW1

= Displacement of vessel
L * B * draft

1.020

= Displacement of vessel
60 * 10 * 6

1.020 * 60 * 10 * 6 = Displacement of vessel


3672t = Displacement of vessel
We know that displacement of vessel remains constant
RD DW2

= Displacement of vessel
Underwater Volume

RD DW2

= Displacement of vessel
L * B * draft

1.004

= 3672
60 * 10 * draft

Draft

=
3672
60 * 10 * 1.004

Draft

= 6.096m

KB = Draft
2
KB = 6.096
2
KB = 3.048m
KB of the vessel is 3.048m

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CHAPTER 8
CENTRE OF BUOYANCY
Answer 3
Given:1.
2.
3.
4.

Shape of vessel is triangular


Displacement of vessel = 650t
RD of DW = 1.015
Dimensions of water plane rectangle = 30m * 8m

30m

D
C

RD of DW

= Displacement of vessel
Underwater Volume

1.015

=
650
Underwater Volume

Underwater Volume = 650


1.015
Underwater Volume = 640.3943
Underwater Volume = (Surface Area of triangle ABC) * (length)
Underwater Volume = (1 * Base * Height) * (Length)
2
Underwater Volume = (1 * BC * AD) * (Length)
2

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CHAPTER 8
CENTRE OF BUOYANCY
640.394

= 1 * 8 * AD * 30
2

640.394 * 2
8 * 30

=h

5.337m

=h

Draft of vessel = 5.337m


KB = 2 *Draft
3

(Triangular shaped vessel)

KB = 2 *5.337
3
KB = 3.558m
KB of the vessel is 3.558m

Answer 4
Given:1. Shape of vessel is triangular
2. Water plane area = 40m * 12m
3. KB = 3.6m
RD of SW = 1.025

40m
B
D

C
D

12m F

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CHAPTER 8
CENTRE OF BUOYANCY
KB

= 2 * draft
3

3 * KB = draft
2
3 * 3.6 = draft
2
5.4m

= draft

Area of triangle ADE = 1 * Base * Height


2
Area of triangle ADE = 1 * DE * AF
2
Area of triangle ADE = 1 * 12 * 5.4
2
Area of triangle ADE = 32.4m2
Underwater Volume = Area of ABE * length
Underwater Volume = 32.4m2 * 40m
Underwater Volume = 1296m3
RD of SW

= Displacement
Underwater Volume

1.025

= Displacement
1296

1.025 * 1296

= Displacement

1328.4t

= Displacement

Displacement of vessel is 1328.4t

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CHAPTER 8
CENTRE OF BUOYANCY
Answer 5
Given:1. Dimensions of log = 3m * 0.75m * 0.75m
2. RD of log = 0.8

RD of log = 0.8

3m

0.75m
B
0.75m
B

COG of log = height


2
COG of log = 0.75
2
COG of log = 0.375m
RD of log = Mass of log
Volume of log
0.8

= Mass of log
3m * 0.75m * 0.75m

0.8 * 3 * 0.75 * 0.75 = Mass of log


1.35t

= Mass of log

We know that
Mass of log = Mass of water displaced by log
RD of SW

=
Mass of log
Underwater Volume of log

RD of SW

= Mass of log
L * B * draft

1.025

=
1.35
1.025 * 3 * 0.75
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CHAPTER 8
CENTRE OF BUOYANCY
Draft

= 0.585m

CB

= draft
2

CB

= 0.585
2

CB

= 0.293m

Difference between COG & COB

= COG COB

Difference between COG & COB

= 0.375m 0.293m

Difference between COG & COB

= 0.082m

Difference between its COG and COB is 0.082m

Answer 6
Given:1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Square section of log = 0.5m2


RD of water = 1.005
Draft = 0.4
RD2 = 1.020
RD of log = 0.8

0.5m2
B

0.5m2
B

RD of log = 0.8

RD of log = 0.8

RD of water = 1.005

RD of water = 1.020

0.4m
B

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CHAPTER 8
CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

Underwater Volume at RD 1.005

= square section * draft

Underwater Volume at RD 1.005

= 0.5 * 0.4

Underwater Volume at RD 1.005

= 0.20m3

RD of DW

= Mass of log
Underwater Volume

1.005

= Mass of log
0.20

1.005 * 0.20

= Mass of log

0.201t

= Mass of log

We know that mass of log will remain constatnt


RD2

= Mass of log
Underwater Volume

Underwater Volume = Mass of log


RD2
Underwater Volume = 0.201
1.020
Underwater Volume = 0.197m3
Underwater Volume = square section * draft
0.197m3

= 0.5m2 * draft

0.197
0.5

= draft

0.394m

= draft

COB

= draft
2

COB

= 0.394
2

COB

= 0.197m

RD of log

= Mass of log
Total volume of log

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CHAPTER 8
CENTRE OF BUOYANCY
RD of log

0.8

=
Mass of log
Area of square section * height

= 0.201
0.5 * height

Height = 0.201
0.5 * 0.8
Height = 0.503m
COG = Height
2
COG = 0.503
2
COG = 0.252m
Difference between COG & COB

= COG COB

Difference between COG & COB

= 0.252m 0.197m

Difference between COG & COB

= 0.055m

Difference between its COG and COB is 0.055m

Answer 7
Given:1.
2.
3.
4.

Diameter of drum = 0.8m


Height of drum = 1.5m
Weight of drum = 10kgs
Weight of steel loaded = 490kgs

Radius of drum = Diameter


2
Radius of drum = 0.8
2
Radius of drum = 0.4m
RD of FW = 1.000

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CHAPTER 8
CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

0.8m
10 KG

490 KG

1.5m

Total weight = Weight of drum + weight loaded


Total weight = 10kg + 490 kg
Total weight = 500kg
RD of FW

= Total Weight
Underwater Volume

1.000 =
0.5
Underwater Volume
Underwater Volume

= 0.5
1000

Underwater Volume = 0.5m3


Underwater volume of drum = r2 * draft
0.5 = 22 * (0.4)2 * draft
7
0.5 = 22 * 0.4 * 0.4 * draft
7
0.5 * 7
22 * 0.4 * 0.4

= draft

0.994m

=draft
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CHAPTER 8
CENTRE OF BUOYANCY
KB = Draft
2
KB = 0.994
2
KB = 0.497m
KB of the vessel is 0.497m

Answer 8
Given:1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Side of triangular bow = 12m


Dimensions of mid part = 80m * 12m
Radius of semicircular stern = 6m
Light displacement of barge = 500t
Cargo loaded = 5000t
= 3.142

B
12m

6m

12m

A
12m
C

80m

Area of ABC = 3 * a2
4
Area of ABC = 3 * (12)2
4
Area of ABC = 3 * 144
4
Area of ABC = 62.354m2
Area of rectangle BCED = L*B
Area of rectangle BCED = 80 * 12
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CHAPTER 8
CENTRE OF BUOYANCY
Area of rectangle BCED = 960m2
Area of semicircle EFD = 1 * * r2
2
Area of semicircle EFD = 1 * 3.142 * (6)2
2
Area of semicircle EFD = 1 * 3.142 * 36
2
Area of semicircle EFD = 56.556m2
Total surface area of barge = Area of ABC + Area of rectangle BCED + Area of semicircle EFD
Total surface area of barge = 62.354 + 960 + 56.556
Total surface area of barge = 1078.91m2
Total weight of barge = Light displacement + cargo
Total weight of barge = 500t + 5000t
Total weight of barge = 5500t
RD of SW = Total weight of barge
Underwater volume
RD of SW = Total weight of barge
Total Surface area * draft
1.025 =
5500
1078.91 * draft
Draft

=
5500
1078.91 * 1.025

Draft

= 4.973m

KB = Draft
2
KB = 4.973
2
KB = 2.487m
KB of the vessel is 2.487m

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CHAPTER 8
CENTRE OF BUOYANCY
Answer 9
Given:1.
2.
3.
4.

Breath of bow triangle = 12m


Length in fore & aft direction of = 12m
Dimensions of rectangle = 50m * 12m
Displacement = 3444t

50m

12m
H

12m

Area of ABC = 1 * Base * height


2
Area of ABC = 1 * 12 *12
2
Area of ABC = 72m2
Area of rectangle BEDC = L * B
Area of rectangle BEDC = 50 * 12
Area of rectangle BEDC = 600m2
Total surface area of barge = Area of ABC + Area of rectangle BEDC
Total surface area of barge = 72m2 + 600m2
Total surface area of barge = 672m2
RD of SW

= Displacement of barge
Underwater Volume

RD of SW

=
Displacement of barge
Total surface area of barge * draft
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CHAPTER 8
CENTRE OF BUOYANCY
1.025 = 3444
672 * draft
Draft

= 3444
1.025 * 672

Draft

= 5m

KB = Draft
2
KB = 5
2
KB = 2.5m
Total weight of ABC = Area of ABC * draft * RD of SW
Total weight of ABC = 72m2 + 5m * 1.025
Total weight of ABC = 369t
Total weight of rectangle BEDC = Area of rectangle BEDC * draft * RD SW
Total weight of rectangle BEDC = 600m2 * 5 * 1.025
Total weight of rectangle BEDC = 3075t
LCB of rectangle BEDC = Length of rectangle
2
LCB of rectangle BEDC = 50
2
LCB of rectangle BEDC = 25m
LCB of ABC = Length of rectangle + ( 1 * length in fore & aft direction)
3
LCB of ABC = 50m + (1 * 12)
3
LCB of ABC = 50m + 4m
LCB of ABC = 54m

Rectangle
Triangle
Total

Weight (t)
3075
369
3444

LCB(m)
25
54

Moments(tm)
76875
19926
96801

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CHAPTER 8
CENTRE OF BUOYANCY
LCB

= Total moments
Total weight

LCB

= 96801
3444

LCB

= 28.107m

KB is 2.5m
LCB is 28.107m

Answer 10
Given:1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Length of barge = 45m


Dimensions of rectangle = 8m * 4m
Breath of = 8m
Depth of = 3m
Displacement of barge = 1620t

45m

8m

C
3m

A
RD of FW = 1.000

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CHAPTER 8
CENTRE OF BUOYANCY
RD of FW = Displacement of barge
Underwater Volume
1.000 =

1620
Underwater Volume

Underwater Volume = 1620m3


Surface area of ABC = 1 * Base * Height
2
Surface area of ABC = 1 * BC * AF
2
Surface area of ABC = 1 * 8 * 3
2
Surface area of ABC = 12m2
Surface area of rectangle BCED = L * B
Surface area of rectangle BCED = 8m * 4m
Surface area of rectangle BCED = 32m2
Underwater volume of ABC = surface area * length
Underwater volume of ABC = 12 * 45
Underwater volume of ABC = 540m3
Volume remaining to be occupied = Volume to be displaced volume occupied by ABC
Volume remaining to be occupied = 1620 540
Volume remaining to be occupied = 1080m3
Volume to be displaced by cuboid = L * B * h
1080 = 45 * 8 * h
1080 = h
45*8
3m = h
Draft of vessel = height of ABC + height of rectangle BCED
Draft of vessel = 3m + 3m
Draft of vessel = 6m
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CHAPTER 8
CENTRE OF BUOYANCY
Mass of water displaced by ABC = Volume of ABC * RD of FW
Mass of water displaced by ABC = 540 * 1
Mass of water displaced by ABC = 540t
Mass of water displaced by rectangle BCED = Volume * RD of FW
Mass of water displaced by rectangle BCED = 1080 * 1
Mass of water displaced by rectangle BCED = 1080t
LCB of rectangle BCED = Length or rectangle
KB of ABC = 2 * draft
3
KB of ABC = 2 * 3
3
KB of ABC = 2m

ABC
Rectangle BCED
Total

Weight (t)
540
1080
1620

KB (m)
2
4.5

Moments (tm)
1080
4860
5940

KB = Total moments
Total weight
KB = 5940
1620
KB = 3.667m
LCB = Length of barge
2
LCB = 45
2
LCB = 22.5m
1. KB of the vessel is 3.667m
2. LCB of the vessel is 22.5m

-o0o-

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