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Chapter 8 (Centre of Buoyancy)

Chapter 8 (Centre of Buoyancy)

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- Ship Stability III by Capt. Subramaniam
- Chapter 12 (Free Surface Effect)
- Chapter 13 (List)
- Chapter 7a (Final KG, Exercise - 6)
- Selected Pages From Nautical Almanac 1992
- 44898096 Cargo Work Full Notes
- Chapter 9 (Transverse Statical Stability)
- Chapter 7b (Final KG by Moments About Keel, Exercise - 7)
- Chapter 5 (Effect of Density on Draft & Displacement)
- Chapter 1 (Density & Relative Density)
- Chapter 4 (Some Important Terms)
- Chapter 18 (Hydrostatic Draft).pdf
- Chapter 2 (Water Pressure)
- Chapter 3 (Flotation)
- Ship Stability Trim
- Chapter 19 (Calculation of BM and KM; KM Curves)
- Chapter 17 (Hydrostatic Tables)
- MARPOL
- Chapter 24 (KN Curves)
- 2nd Mate Question Papers

You are on page 1of 17

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

Chapter 8

Centre of Buoyancy

Exercise -8

Answer 1

Given:1. Displacement = 1640t

2. Dimensions of vessel = 50m * 10m * 8m

RD of SW = 1.025

RD of SW

= Displacement

Underwater Volume

1.025

=

1640

Underwater Volume

Underwater Volume

= 1640

1.025

Underwater Volume

= 1600m3

1600

= 50 * 10 * draft

1600 = draft

50*10

3.2m

= draft

KB

= draft

2

KB

= 3.2

2

KB

= 1.6m

KB of vessel in SW in 1.6m

Page 1 of 17

CHAPTER 8

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

Answer 2

Given:1.

2.

3.

4.

RD of DW1 = 1.020

Draft = 6m

RD of DW2 = 1.004

RD of DW1

= Displacement of vessel

Underwater Volume

RD of DW1

= Displacement of vessel

L * B * draft

1.020

= Displacement of vessel

60 * 10 * 6

3672t = Displacement of vessel

We know that displacement of vessel remains constant

RD DW2

= Displacement of vessel

Underwater Volume

RD DW2

= Displacement of vessel

L * B * draft

1.004

= 3672

60 * 10 * draft

Draft

=

3672

60 * 10 * 1.004

Draft

= 6.096m

KB = Draft

2

KB = 6.096

2

KB = 3.048m

KB of the vessel is 3.048m

Page 2 of 17

CHAPTER 8

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

Answer 3

Given:1.

2.

3.

4.

Displacement of vessel = 650t

RD of DW = 1.015

Dimensions of water plane rectangle = 30m * 8m

30m

D

C

RD of DW

= Displacement of vessel

Underwater Volume

1.015

=

650

Underwater Volume

1.015

Underwater Volume = 640.3943

Underwater Volume = (Surface Area of triangle ABC) * (length)

Underwater Volume = (1 * Base * Height) * (Length)

2

Underwater Volume = (1 * BC * AD) * (Length)

2

Page 3 of 17

CHAPTER 8

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

640.394

= 1 * 8 * AD * 30

2

640.394 * 2

8 * 30

=h

5.337m

=h

KB = 2 *Draft

3

KB = 2 *5.337

3

KB = 3.558m

KB of the vessel is 3.558m

Answer 4

Given:1. Shape of vessel is triangular

2. Water plane area = 40m * 12m

3. KB = 3.6m

RD of SW = 1.025

40m

B

D

C

D

12m F

Page 4 of 17

CHAPTER 8

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

KB

= 2 * draft

3

3 * KB = draft

2

3 * 3.6 = draft

2

5.4m

= draft

2

Area of triangle ADE = 1 * DE * AF

2

Area of triangle ADE = 1 * 12 * 5.4

2

Area of triangle ADE = 32.4m2

Underwater Volume = Area of ABE * length

Underwater Volume = 32.4m2 * 40m

Underwater Volume = 1296m3

RD of SW

= Displacement

Underwater Volume

1.025

= Displacement

1296

1.025 * 1296

= Displacement

1328.4t

= Displacement

Page 5 of 17

CHAPTER 8

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

Answer 5

Given:1. Dimensions of log = 3m * 0.75m * 0.75m

2. RD of log = 0.8

RD of log = 0.8

3m

0.75m

B

0.75m

B

2

COG of log = 0.75

2

COG of log = 0.375m

RD of log = Mass of log

Volume of log

0.8

= Mass of log

3m * 0.75m * 0.75m

1.35t

= Mass of log

We know that

Mass of log = Mass of water displaced by log

RD of SW

=

Mass of log

Underwater Volume of log

RD of SW

= Mass of log

L * B * draft

1.025

=

1.35

1.025 * 3 * 0.75

Page 6 of 17

CHAPTER 8

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

Draft

= 0.585m

CB

= draft

2

CB

= 0.585

2

CB

= 0.293m

= COG COB

= 0.375m 0.293m

= 0.082m

Answer 6

Given:1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

RD of water = 1.005

Draft = 0.4

RD2 = 1.020

RD of log = 0.8

0.5m2

B

0.5m2

B

RD of log = 0.8

RD of log = 0.8

RD of water = 1.005

RD of water = 1.020

0.4m

B

Page 7 of 17

CHAPTER 8

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

= 0.5 * 0.4

= 0.20m3

RD of DW

= Mass of log

Underwater Volume

1.005

= Mass of log

0.20

1.005 * 0.20

= Mass of log

0.201t

= Mass of log

RD2

= Mass of log

Underwater Volume

RD2

Underwater Volume = 0.201

1.020

Underwater Volume = 0.197m3

Underwater Volume = square section * draft

0.197m3

= 0.5m2 * draft

0.197

0.5

= draft

0.394m

= draft

COB

= draft

2

COB

= 0.394

2

COB

= 0.197m

RD of log

= Mass of log

Total volume of log

Page 8 of 17

CHAPTER 8

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

RD of log

0.8

=

Mass of log

Area of square section * height

= 0.201

0.5 * height

Height = 0.201

0.5 * 0.8

Height = 0.503m

COG = Height

2

COG = 0.503

2

COG = 0.252m

Difference between COG & COB

= COG COB

= 0.252m 0.197m

= 0.055m

Answer 7

Given:1.

2.

3.

4.

Height of drum = 1.5m

Weight of drum = 10kgs

Weight of steel loaded = 490kgs

2

Radius of drum = 0.8

2

Radius of drum = 0.4m

RD of FW = 1.000

Page 9 of 17

CHAPTER 8

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

0.8m

10 KG

490 KG

1.5m

Total weight = 10kg + 490 kg

Total weight = 500kg

RD of FW

= Total Weight

Underwater Volume

1.000 =

0.5

Underwater Volume

Underwater Volume

= 0.5

1000

Underwater volume of drum = r2 * draft

0.5 = 22 * (0.4)2 * draft

7

0.5 = 22 * 0.4 * 0.4 * draft

7

0.5 * 7

22 * 0.4 * 0.4

= draft

0.994m

=draft

Page 10 of 17

CHAPTER 8

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

KB = Draft

2

KB = 0.994

2

KB = 0.497m

KB of the vessel is 0.497m

Answer 8

Given:1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Dimensions of mid part = 80m * 12m

Radius of semicircular stern = 6m

Light displacement of barge = 500t

Cargo loaded = 5000t

= 3.142

B

12m

6m

12m

A

12m

C

80m

Area of ABC = 3 * a2

4

Area of ABC = 3 * (12)2

4

Area of ABC = 3 * 144

4

Area of ABC = 62.354m2

Area of rectangle BCED = L*B

Area of rectangle BCED = 80 * 12

Page 11 of 17

CHAPTER 8

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

Area of rectangle BCED = 960m2

Area of semicircle EFD = 1 * * r2

2

Area of semicircle EFD = 1 * 3.142 * (6)2

2

Area of semicircle EFD = 1 * 3.142 * 36

2

Area of semicircle EFD = 56.556m2

Total surface area of barge = Area of ABC + Area of rectangle BCED + Area of semicircle EFD

Total surface area of barge = 62.354 + 960 + 56.556

Total surface area of barge = 1078.91m2

Total weight of barge = Light displacement + cargo

Total weight of barge = 500t + 5000t

Total weight of barge = 5500t

RD of SW = Total weight of barge

Underwater volume

RD of SW = Total weight of barge

Total Surface area * draft

1.025 =

5500

1078.91 * draft

Draft

=

5500

1078.91 * 1.025

Draft

= 4.973m

KB = Draft

2

KB = 4.973

2

KB = 2.487m

KB of the vessel is 2.487m

Page 12 of 17

CHAPTER 8

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

Answer 9

Given:1.

2.

3.

4.

Length in fore & aft direction of = 12m

Dimensions of rectangle = 50m * 12m

Displacement = 3444t

50m

12m

H

12m

2

Area of ABC = 1 * 12 *12

2

Area of ABC = 72m2

Area of rectangle BEDC = L * B

Area of rectangle BEDC = 50 * 12

Area of rectangle BEDC = 600m2

Total surface area of barge = Area of ABC + Area of rectangle BEDC

Total surface area of barge = 72m2 + 600m2

Total surface area of barge = 672m2

RD of SW

= Displacement of barge

Underwater Volume

RD of SW

=

Displacement of barge

Total surface area of barge * draft

Page 13 of 17

CHAPTER 8

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

1.025 = 3444

672 * draft

Draft

= 3444

1.025 * 672

Draft

= 5m

KB = Draft

2

KB = 5

2

KB = 2.5m

Total weight of ABC = Area of ABC * draft * RD of SW

Total weight of ABC = 72m2 + 5m * 1.025

Total weight of ABC = 369t

Total weight of rectangle BEDC = Area of rectangle BEDC * draft * RD SW

Total weight of rectangle BEDC = 600m2 * 5 * 1.025

Total weight of rectangle BEDC = 3075t

LCB of rectangle BEDC = Length of rectangle

2

LCB of rectangle BEDC = 50

2

LCB of rectangle BEDC = 25m

LCB of ABC = Length of rectangle + ( 1 * length in fore & aft direction)

3

LCB of ABC = 50m + (1 * 12)

3

LCB of ABC = 50m + 4m

LCB of ABC = 54m

Rectangle

Triangle

Total

Weight (t)

3075

369

3444

LCB(m)

25

54

Moments(tm)

76875

19926

96801

Page 14 of 17

CHAPTER 8

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

LCB

= Total moments

Total weight

LCB

= 96801

3444

LCB

= 28.107m

KB is 2.5m

LCB is 28.107m

Answer 10

Given:1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Dimensions of rectangle = 8m * 4m

Breath of = 8m

Depth of = 3m

Displacement of barge = 1620t

45m

8m

C

3m

A

RD of FW = 1.000

Page 15 of 17

CHAPTER 8

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

RD of FW = Displacement of barge

Underwater Volume

1.000 =

1620

Underwater Volume

Surface area of ABC = 1 * Base * Height

2

Surface area of ABC = 1 * BC * AF

2

Surface area of ABC = 1 * 8 * 3

2

Surface area of ABC = 12m2

Surface area of rectangle BCED = L * B

Surface area of rectangle BCED = 8m * 4m

Surface area of rectangle BCED = 32m2

Underwater volume of ABC = surface area * length

Underwater volume of ABC = 12 * 45

Underwater volume of ABC = 540m3

Volume remaining to be occupied = Volume to be displaced volume occupied by ABC

Volume remaining to be occupied = 1620 540

Volume remaining to be occupied = 1080m3

Volume to be displaced by cuboid = L * B * h

1080 = 45 * 8 * h

1080 = h

45*8

3m = h

Draft of vessel = height of ABC + height of rectangle BCED

Draft of vessel = 3m + 3m

Draft of vessel = 6m

Page 16 of 17

CHAPTER 8

CENTRE OF BUOYANCY

Mass of water displaced by ABC = Volume of ABC * RD of FW

Mass of water displaced by ABC = 540 * 1

Mass of water displaced by ABC = 540t

Mass of water displaced by rectangle BCED = Volume * RD of FW

Mass of water displaced by rectangle BCED = 1080 * 1

Mass of water displaced by rectangle BCED = 1080t

LCB of rectangle BCED = Length or rectangle

KB of ABC = 2 * draft

3

KB of ABC = 2 * 3

3

KB of ABC = 2m

ABC

Rectangle BCED

Total

Weight (t)

540

1080

1620

KB (m)

2

4.5

Moments (tm)

1080

4860

5940

KB = Total moments

Total weight

KB = 5940

1620

KB = 3.667m

LCB = Length of barge

2

LCB = 45

2

LCB = 22.5m

1. KB of the vessel is 3.667m

2. LCB of the vessel is 22.5m

-o0o-

Page 17 of 17

- Ship Stability III by Capt. SubramaniamUploaded bymadhan01kumar
- Chapter 12 (Free Surface Effect)Uploaded byShip Wonders
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