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Contents
Introduction................................................................................................................................3
Title............................................................................................................................................3
Independent Variable:.............................................................................................................3
Dependent Variable:...............................................................................................................3
Statement:...............................................................................................................................3
Question.................................................................................................................................3
Hypothesis:.............................................................................................................................3
Constitutional and Operational Definition.................................................................................4
Independent Variables:...........................................................................................................4
Dependent Variables:..............................................................................................................4
Methodology..............................................................................................................................4
Primary Data Collection:........................................................................................................4
Quantitative Data Collection:.................................................................................................4
Qualitative Data Collection:...................................................................................................5
Index of Reliability and Validity................................................................................................5
Level of Measurement................................................................................................................5
Research Design.........................................................................................................................5
Qualitative or Quantitative.........................................................................................................6
Literature Review.......................................................................................................................7
References..................................................................................................................................8

Introduction
The topic of interest is the rate of divorce in young people. After discussing the topic with the
group we have discovered that the rate of divorce is increasing day by day and looks like
young people are most affected by such changes. Hence this research will find out insights
about divorce in young people.
The main reason to select this topic is to find out if the relationship between divorce and
young people holds or not, in simple words the research will discover if young people are the
most affected people by divorce or not. The research will focus on finding the relationship
between divorce and young people.

Title
The title will be Rate of divorce in young people.

Independent Variable:
Independent variable in this research is Rate of Divorce, we will check the
dependence of rate of divorce on age. This research will discover if younger people have
a greater rate of divorce then others.

Dependent Variable:
The dependent variable on which the Rate of Divorce depends is young people;
therefore we will be cross analyzing our Independent Variable with the age of the
respondent.

Statement: The rate of divorce is higher in young people.


Question: Why the rate of divorce is higher in young people than others?

Hypothesis:
H0: The rate of divorce is higher in young people
H1: The rate of divorce is not higher in young people

Constitutional and Operational Definition


The methods to use a computer in a research with the help of software will be the
constitutional definition of our dependent and independent variables.

Independent Variables:
The rate of divorce in young people could be measured by finding out the relationship
between divorce and the age of the married couple.

Dependent Variables:
The dependent variable young people could be measured with the help of a questionnaire
asking respondents about their age group.

Methodology
We will be using primary data collection techniques which will be a mix of following:

Primary Data Collection:


We will be involved in collecting primary data for the research using both quantitative and
qualitative data collection methods as follows:

Quantitative Data Collection:


Questionnaires
We are using structured questionnaire which will be provided to respondents to collect
specific information for the survey. We are using structured data collection method i.e.
prearranged questionnaire. In which we are using fixed response alternative questions due to
following reasons.
1- Fixed response questionnaire are easy to work with.
2- The collected data is reliable because its been collected using fixed responses
leaving no room for interpretation.
3- The fixed response questions also reduce the variability in the results.

Qualitative Data Collection:


Interviews
We will be using interviews for qualitative data collection out of the three major qualitative
data collection methods participant observation, in-depth interviews and group interviews, as
noted by (Maykut & Morehouse, 2004). Out of these three qualitative data collection we will
be using only interviews for the purpose of qualitative data collection.

Index of Reliability and Validity


The suitable index of validity is Content Validity, because it covers all different domains of
face validity and sampling content validity. The index of reliability and validity could be used
in both qualitative and quantitative research. Validity and reliability are incorporated using
different quantitative and qualitative techniques for data collection, only using reliability will
not be sufficient thought it is a necessary component, only using validity could be sufficient
but it is not a necessary component of research (Cohen, 2007). Therefore we will be using
both reliability and validity to make sure that the data collected is reliable and valid.
Consequently suitable index for reliability for the instrument used will be test-retest
reliability.

Level of Measurement
Variables can be operationally defined at one or more of four levels of measurement as noted
by (Babbie & Rubin, 2010), these are nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio levels of
measurement. We will be using two levels of measurement for the data collected for
qualitative data, which are Nominal and ordinal levels of measurement.
For the measurement of quantitative data interval level of measurement will be used.

Research Design
The research design suitable for this research is Social Survey Design which consists of a
cross-sectional design, with the help of cross-sectional design we will collect data using
questionnaires and interviews.
According to the information needed to conduct this research our research is Social Survey
Design. Our research will assist the users with information on the divorce rate in young
5

people and will open new insights on why there is an increase or decrease in rate of divorce
in young people. Cross-sectional design which is often called a Social Survey Design refers
to data collection on a variable at a single point in time to collect quantitative or qualitative
data, which are then analysed for different relations (Bryman & Bell, 2003). Therefore we
will be collecting qualitative and quantitative data at a single point in time and then analyse
the relationships between the rate of divorce and young people using graphical analysis,
mean, standard deviation and ANOVA (Analysis of Variance), we will be using SPSS for the
purpose of conducting these analysis.

Qualitative or Quantitative
The research is both qualitative and quantitative because both the data collection techniques
will be used, for quantitative data collection questionnaire will be used and for qualitative
data collection interviews will be conducted. Both the data collection methods qualitative and
quantitative techniques are useful for data collection and its been argued that it will be hard
to say which ones better out of the two methods, actually they both serve different purposes
(Lawrence, 2006). Although both the approaches share basic principles of science, the two
approaches differ in significant ways as following:
Quantitative approach
1- Measure objective facts
2- Focus on variables
3- Reliability is key, Value free
4- Theory and data are separate independent of context
5- Many cases subjects, statistical analysis, researcher is detached.
Qualitative Approach
1- Construct social reality, cultural meaning
2- Focus on interactive processes, events
3- Authenticity is key, values are present and explicit.
4- Theory and data are fused, Situational constrained
5- Few cases subjects, thematic analysis, Researcher is involved.

Consequently with the application of both the approach for data collection we will
incorporate all the characteristics of quantitative and qualitative data collection.

Literature Review
After a detailed literature review its been discovered that in UAE young marriages often
result as a marriage between cousins, but as families could be very large sometimes even
overseas and the cousin may or may not turn out to be someone the individual has known
previously (Torstick & Faier, 2009), hence resulting in a divorce. Further the cousins
marriages are preferred by parents but it is changing for younger people, younger people now
prefer to marry someone with same educational and professional backgrounds. Our
questionnaires will have questions to determine the relationship between rate of divorce and
cousins marriage as well.
Another study reveals that in UAE the divorce rate is increasing alarmingly in Emiratis and
the major reason behind divorce is the lack of communication (Sheriff, 2012). The study was
conducted by Marriage Fund, Abu Dhabi in conjunction with University of Sharjah in 2011,
further reveals that 1,742 respondents replied that the major reason their marriage ended is
because of lack of communication, which was due to no harmony. Consequently we will add
questions in our questionnaire determining the relationship between divorce rate and lack
of communication.
Another study reveals that apparently every ones talking about divorce rate increase in Arab
countries but actually its the opposite (ElSaadani, n.d.). Also reveals that the divorce rate is
rising only in developed regions which are in process of a rapid modernization, urbanization,
industrialization, females taking part in labour force, declining fertility and better health. Also
these developed regions are experiencing people moving away from families and going for
love marriages. Therefore our research will focus on discovering insights on divorce rate in
developed regions of UAE.

References

Babbie, E., & Rubin, A. (2010). Essential Research Methods for Social Work. Retrieved
December 30, 2012, from Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?
id=cO8lh0omJtMC&printsec=frontcover&dq=essential+research+methods+for+s
ocial+work&hl=en&sa=X&ei=WDfgUK71MeSo4AS7rYHYCA&redir_esc=y#v
=onepage&q=essential%20research%20methods%20for%20social
%20work&f=false
Bryman, A., & Bell, E. (2003). Business Research Methods (2nd ed.). Retrieved December
30, 2012, from Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?
id=vpqjq4I9KGMC&printsec=frontcover&dq=business+research+methods&hl=e
n&sa=X&ei=DDjgUOG8DISA4gTWjIHwBg&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepag
e&q=business%20research%20methods&f=false
Cohen, L. M. (2007). Research Methods in Education (6th ed.). Retrieved December 30,
2012, from http://books.google.com/books?id=iYKKgtngiMC&printsec=frontcover&dq=research+methods+in+education&hl=e
n&sa=X&ei=czjgUM-AOOM4gStoIGoBA&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=research%20methods
%20in%20education&f=false
ElSaadani, S. M. (n.d.). Divorce in the Arab Region: Current Levels, Trends and Features.
Retrieved December 30, 2012, from Princeton Education:
http://epc2006.princeton.edu/papers/60046
Lawrence, N. W. (2006). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches
(6th ed.). Retrieved December 30, 2012, from http://books.google.com/books?
id=8eftmoqgM10C&printsec=frontcover&dq=Social+Research+Methods:
+Qualitative+and+Quantitative+Approaches&hl=en&sa=X&ei=8zjgUJPlHYao4g
T83oDoBg&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA
Maykut, P., & Morehouse, R. (2004). Beginning Qualitative Research: A Philosophy and
Practical Guide. Retrieved December 30, 2012, from
http://books.google.com/books?
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id=BmAABlZQwGIC&pg=PA196&dq=Beginning+Qualitative+Research:
+A+Philosophy+and+Practical+Guide.&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ajngUO8KaiM4gSjgIHIBQ&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Beginning
%20Qualitative%20Research%3A%20A%20Philosophy%20and%20
Sheriff, I. (2012, June 15). UAE Society. Retrieved December 30, 2012, from Gulf News:
http://gulfnews.com/news/gulf/uae/society/study-shows-alarming-increase-inuae-divorce-rate-1.1036107
Torstick, R. L., & Faier, E. (2009). Culture and Customs of the Arab Gulf States. Retrieved
December 30, 2012, from Google Books: http://books.google.com/books?
id=Jwp6D51NB34C&pg=PA122&dq=divorce+in+young+people+in+UAE&hl=e
n&sa=X&ei=JC_gUNmbJ4eh4gT1n4HQDg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=divorc
e%20in%20young%20people%20in%20UAE&f=false