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ASSIGNMENT 1

B.TECH MATH 2 (2014) (Mid Sem)

1. If possible, express

1
1

as + 33 + 33 where , , are rational

1+33
1

numbers. Can we express it as + 33 where , are rational numbers?


Support.
4

2. Find the inverse of 21 in 257 and that of 20 in where = 22 + 1 =


65537.
3. Test the following for being a subspace of R3 and find the subspace
generated by those which are not subspaces. Which of them are sets of
generators of the vector space R3 over R.
(i). W = { = (1 , 2 , 3 ) R3 | 1 + 2 = 3 }
(ii). W = { = (1 , 2 , 3 ) R3 | 1 + 22 + 3 = 0 = 21 + 2 +33 }
(iii). W = { = (1 , 2 , 3 ) R3 | 1 + 22 + 3 = 1}
(iv). W = { = (1 , 2 , 3 ) R3 | 1 + 22 = 3 2 }
(v). W = { = (1 , 2 , 3 ) R3 | 1 2 + 2 2 + 3 2 = 1}
(vi). W = {(x, sinx, cosx)| x R }
} where is the vector product .
(vii). W = { = (1 , 2 , 3 ) R3 | = 0
4. Determine which of the following subsets of the vector space indicated
against them are linearly independent:
(i). the subset { (1,1,0), (0, 1,1), (1, 0, 1)} of R3,
(ii). the subset {(1, 1, 1, 0), (2, 3, 4, 0), (4, 9, 16, 0), (2, 3, , 0)} of R4 over R,
(iii). the subset {{(1, 1, 1, 0), (1, 3, 4, 0), (1, 9, 16, 0)} of R4 over R,
(iv).The sphere 2 = { (x, y, z)| x2 + y2 + z2 = 0} of R3 over R,

(v). the subset {(x,x2) | x R } of R2 over R.


(vi). the subset S = {1 - 2 , 2 3 } of R3 over R.
(vii). the subset S = {1 - 2 , 2 3 , 1 + 3 } of R3 over R.
(viii). the subset S = {1 - 2 , 2 3 , 1 - 3 } of R3 over R.
5. Show that any set of generators of R3 contain at least 3 elements.
6. Show that any linearly independent subset of R3 contain at most 3 elements
7. Find a basis and so also the dimension of the vector space S3(R) of 33
symmetric matrices over R.
8. Find a basis and so also the dimension of the vector space SS3(R) of 33
skew symmetric matrices over R.
9. Reduce the following matrices in Reduced Row Echelon Form:
2
(i). A = [4
2
1
(ii). A = [1
4

3
7
3
2
1
6

4
9].
2
3
3 ].
12

1 2 3
(iii). A = [1 1 3
4 6 12

1
2].
5

0
3
(iv). A = [
5
2

1
1
3
3

2
2
0
1

3
4
]
2
5

0
3
(v). A = [
5
8

1
1
3
4

2
2
0
2

3
4
].
2
6

1 1 1
(vi). A = [2 3 4 ]
4 9 16

10. Find a basis for row space R(A), a basis for null space N(A), row rank r(A)
and nullity n(A) for each of the matrices A given in 9.
11. Find the general solution to the homogeneous system of linear equations
for each of the matrices given in 9.
given in matrix form A = 0
12. Find a basis and so also the dimension of the subspace the subspace W =
{ = (1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ) | 1 + 2 + 3 4 = 0 = 2 + 23 + 4 } of R4.
13. Find Bases and so also the dimensions of all those subsets W in exercise 3
which are subspaces of R3.
14. Find a basis and so also the dimension of the subspace of R4 generated by
the set { (0, 1, 2, 3, 4), (2, 1, 3, 4), (1, 5, 0, 1), (3, 8, 7, 13)}.
15. Which of the following system of linear equations given as matrix equation
are consistent? Determine general solution of those which are consistent.
(i). A = where
2
A = [4
2

3 4
7 9] and = [1, 2, 3].
3 2

(ii). A = where
1
A = [1
4

2 3
1 3 ] and = [1, 0, 3].
6 12

(iii). A = where
1
A = [1
4

2 3 1
1 3 2] and = [1, 0, 3].
6 12 5

(iv). A = where
0
3
A=[
5
8

1
1
3
4

2
2
0
2

3
4
] and = [1, 2, 3, 4].
2
6

(v). A = where

1
A = [2
4

1 1
3 4 ] and = [1, 2, 3].
9 16

16. For each of the matrices A in exercise 9, find an invertible matrix P such
that PA is in reduced row echelon form.
17. Using elementary row operations find the inverses of those matrices A in
exercise 9 which are invertible.
18. Consider the function given by () =
2

for all. (Hint. Note that (1+ 2 )4 <


sequence 0 , 1 =
1
2(1+

2)

1
2(1+ 0

, 2 =

2)

1
4

1
2(1+ 2 )

. Show that | ()| <

1
2

). Deduce that for any 0 , the iterated


1

2(1+ 1

converges to such that =

, 3 =

2)

, , +1 =

2(1+ 2 2 )

2(1+ 2 )

19. Use the exercise 18, iterate to find the root of the equation 2 3 + 2
1 = 0 which is correct up to 4 decimal places.
20. Using iteration find the root of the equation 2 5 + 2 1 = 0 which is
correct to 3 decimal places.
21. Find roots of the equations in 19 and 20 using bisection method which are
correct up to 3 decimal places.
22. Using bisection method find all the roots of the following equations correct
up to 3 decimal places:
(i). 3 2 + 1 = 0, (ii). 3 + 1 = 0, (iii). 3 + 2 5 + 2 = 0
(iv). 3 + 2 2 + 1 = 0.
23. Using Newton Raphson method find roots of the equations 19-22 which are
correct to 3 decimal places.
24. Using Newton Raphson method find roots of the following equations which
are correct to 3 decimal places:
(i). 3 + 1 = 0, (ii).positive root of 2 cos = 1 . (iii) positive root of
3 sin = .
1

25. Find 53 using Newton Raphson method correct up to 3 decimal places.


26. Using Regula Falsi method, find the roots of the following equations which
are correct up to 3 decimal places:

(i). 3 + 5 6 = 0, (ii). 4 = 2. (iii). cos = . (iv). + () = 2.


(v). sin = 1.
27. Use Lagrange interpolation to find a polynomial () of degree 3 such
that(1) = 2, (2) = 3, (3) = 4, (5) = 6. Also then find(2.5).