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MARTYN
KRGELS
BASS
MANUAL

Book 4: Melodic Minor Keys


FREE ELECTRONIC PDF VERSION 1.1 - 2009

NOT FOR SALE


This is a COMPLIMENTARY Internet e-book made available for 01 January 2009
First draft completed 2007 Revised and Updated 2008
Copyright by Martyn Krgel 2007 onwards
This publication will be updated quarterly by the author and presented on the Internet
All Rights Reserved
The moral right of the author has been asserted
This PDF file was created as an additional educational aid for students of the bass guitar. The content, structure, format, analysis, design,
artwork, photographs, methodology and model, remain the property of Martyn Krgel.

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PREFACE
This work is dedicated to teachers and students of the bass and
particularly to and for the development of new aspiring bassists.
This bass manual series consisting of seven books was
designed as an additional study aid for students of the bass guitar
and to show aspiring bassists just exactly how music theory is
applied on the instrument and to promptly set the new bassist who
cannot yet read music on the right track.
It is not the type of instruction book that suggests a specified
method to be followed and as a result students are urged to
develop their own course of action in working through these books.
The assistance of a teacher or mentor will be invaluable and I urge
aspiring musicians to always seek out a good mentor in music. I
am also confident that a good mentor will immediately grasp the
intention of my presentation and put the objectives of this
presentation into practice, for the benefit of the student.
If anyone has any questions or comments, please feel free to
contact me.
And good luck with the music.
Martyn Krgel

Special thanks to Edwin Schroeder musician extraordinaire who introduced


and taught me the art of music and especially the greater art of
improvisational music.
Also a special thanks to my family and friends for their support.
INVITATION TO ADVERTISERS
The Martyn Krgels Bass Manual Series will be updated on a
quarterly basis by the author and presented on his web site.
Anyone involved in the music industry can therefore utilize this
medium to promote their business.
Potential advertisers can contact the author directly if they wish to
place advertisements of their products and/or services in the next
edition of the Martyn Krgels Bass Manual Series for a costeffective way to advertise and market their products and/or
services.
For more details contact Martyn and request a price list.

CONTACT DETAILS
Martyn Krgel
web site: www.freebassmanual.com
e-mail: martyn@freebassmanual.com

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CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

Melodic Minor Keys The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns Comments


on Fingerings and Technique Comments on Improvisation A Final
Word

Pg. 5

Chapter 1

THE KEY OF A MINOR

Pg. 14

Chapter 2

THE KEY OF E MINOR

Pg. 23

Chapter 3

THE KEY OF B MINOR

Pg. 32

Chapter 4

THE KEY OF F# MINOR

Chapter 5

THE KEY OF C# MINOR

Chapter 6

THE KEY OF G# MINOR

Chapter 7

THE KEY OF D# MINOR

Chapter 8

THE KEY OF A# MINOR

Chapter 9

THE KEY OF D MINOR

Chapter 10

THE KEY OF G MINOR

Chapter 11

THE KEY OF C MINOR

Chapter 12

THE KEY OF F MINOR

Pg. 113

Chapter 13

THE KEY OF Bb MINOR

Pg. 122

Chapter 14

THE KEY OF Eb MINOR

Pg. 131

Chapter 15

THE KEY OF Ab MINOR

Pg. 140

Pg. 41

The Notes
Pg. 50

The Bass Fingerboard


Pg. 59

The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns


Intervals
Harmony: The Scale Tone Chords
(triads)

Pg. 68

Pg. 77

Pg. 86

Pg. 95

Further Harmonization of the Scale


Tone Chords

Pg. 104

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INTRODUCTION
Melodic Minor Keys
In book 1 of this series that deals with the major keys the student was advised to spend a considerable amount
of time on the application of the major keys and to gain a thorough understanding thereof because this will result
in the student comprehending a lot of musical concepts but also the rapid understanding of the subject matter in
all the other books of this series. Then in book 2 of this series we observed that when we start on the sixth
degree of the major key, how the natural minor scale is produced and by basically shifting and making the sixth
degree of every major key the new starting point or (Key Tonality) how the natural minor key is then
subsequently formed. We also learned that the minor key that is formed from the sixth degree of a major key is
called the relative minor key of that major key and that the two relative keys will share the exact same notes and
th
key signature. In book 3 we looked at how the harmonic minor keys are formed by raising or sharpening the 7
degree of the natural minor scale. So a very brief overview by using a practical example will look like this:

The notes of the D major scale are: D E F# G A B C# and will form the key of D major.
{Book 1 Chapter 3}

th

th

The 6 degree of the D major scale is the note B and by starting on the 6 degree (new Key Tonality)
and playing the exact same notes of the D major scale we will produce the B natural minor scale: B C#
D E F# G A and this will form the key of B minor (natural) which is also the relative minor key of D
major.
{Book 2 Chapter 3}

th

And by raising the 7 degree of the B natural minor scale A to A# we will produce the B harmonic
minor scale: B C# D E F# G A# and this will form the key of B harmonic minor.
{Book 3 Chapter 3}

Now in book 4 we will look at the melodic minor keys and we will again use the same methodology that we used
in the previous three books, and again will the practical application be very plain to see because of our
understanding of the major keys in book 1, the natural minor keys in book 2 and the harmonic minor keys in
book 3.
th

We now know that the harmonic minor scale is a natural minor scale with a raised (sharpened) 7 degree as
th
shown in book 3 and the melodic minor scale is similar to the harmonic minor scale but the 6 degree will now
also be raised (sharpened) to form the melodic minor scale. Or we can just say that the melodic minor scale is
th
th
th
th
a natural minor scale with a raised 6 and a raised 7 degree. In other words the 6 and 7 note of the natural
minor scale is sharpened to form the melodic minor scale.
For example: The notes of the A NATURAL MINOR SCALE are A B C D E F G. The 6 degree or note
h
in that scale is the note F the 7 degree or note in that scale is the note G. Hence, the notes of the A
MELODIC MINOR SCALE will be A B C D E F# G#.
th

A brief overview of what weve covered so far (in book 1,2,3 and now 4) and by using a practical example will
now look like this:

The notes of the E major scale are: E F# G# A B C# D# and will form the key of E major.
{Book 1 Chapter 5}

th

th

The 6 degree of the E major scale is the note C# and by starting on the 6 degree (new Key Tonality)
and playing the exact same notes of the E major scale we will produce the C# natural minor scale:
C# D# E F# G# A B and this will form the key of C# minor (natural) which is also the relative minor
key of E major.
{Book 2 Chapter 5}

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th

And by raising the 7 degree of the C# natural minor scale B to B# we will produce the C#
harmonic minor scale: C# D# E F# G# A B# and this will form the key of C# harmonic minor.
{Book 3 Chapter 5}

th

th

And then by additionally raising the 6 degree (with the already raised 7 degree) of the C# harmonic
minor scale A to A# we will produce the C# melodic minor scale: C# D# E F# G# A# B# and
this will form the key of C# melodic minor.
{Book 4 Chapter 5}

Below is a table outlining the chapters of book 1 and book 2 (relative major and minor keys) the harmonic minor keys of book
3 and now the melodic minor keys of book 4:

Book 1: Major Keys


Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12
Chapter 13
Chapter 14
Chapter 15

C
G
D
A
E
B
F#
C#
F
Bb
Eb
Ab
Db
Gb
Cb

Major
Major
Major
Major
Major
Major
Major
Major
Major
Major
Major
Major
Major
Major
Major

Book 2: Natural
Minor Keys
A
Minor
E
Minor
B
Minor
F#
Minor
C#
Minor
G#
Minor
D#
Minor
A#
Minor
D
Minor
G
Minor
C
Minor
F
Minor
Bb
Minor
Eb
Minor
Ab
Minor

Book 3: Harmonic
Minor Keys
A
Harmonic
E
Harmonic
B
Harmonic
F#
Harmonic
C#
Harmonic
G#
Harmonic
D#
Harmonic
A#
Harmonic
D
Harmonic
G
Harmonic
C
Harmonic
F
Harmonic
Bb
Harmonic
Eb
Harmonic
Ab
Harmonic

Book 4: Melodic
Minor Keys
A
Melodic
E
Melodic
B
Melodic
F#
Melodic
C#
Melodic
G#
Melodic
D#
Melodic
A#
Melodic
D
Melodic
G
Melodic
C
Melodic
F
Melodic
Bb
Melodic
Eb
Melodic
Ab
Melodic

The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns


In this book 4 of the series we will now see how the melodic minor keys are applied on the bass. Since we will
be using the same methodology that we used in books 1, 2 and book 3 we will now have melodic minor scale
patterns that will cover the bass fingerboard utilizing the exact same principal that we used in the previous three
books but applying it now in the formation of the new melodic minor keys. We will again have three patterns
starting with the root note on the top string covering the fingerboard to the left, the center and to the right. And
again we will also have three almost identical patterns but with the root note or starting point on the second
string and then finally and as always, the single string pattern that can and must be played on all four strings.
And remember, if you have a thorough understanding of the major keys, the natural minor keys and the
harmonic minor keys and the application thereof the information given here will again be purely a matter of
principal and more easily understood since the bulk of the work was already done in the previous three books.

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[The numerical value indicates the sequential order of the pattern and also represents the numerical value of the melodic
minor scale. The diagrams here and throughout the series illustrate your viewpoint when youre holding the bass].

The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the TOP STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the SECOND STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

The single string melodic minor scale pattern with the root note on ALL FOUR STRINGS:

Single String Pattern

Now, when we take these melodic minor scale patterns and we LINK them over the fingerboard it will
form a kind of MELODIC MINOR SCALE OR MELODIC MINOR KEY ROADMAP across the entire
surface of the fingerboard in which you can then play and improvise once learned. It is important that
you know your instrument well and learn to play all over the fingerboard in a particular key. Movement
across the fingerboard of your instrument is absolutely essential and should be a natural part of your
playing ability and the single string pattern will assist you in this and in playing these patterns in a
linked manner.

What is interesting is that the above melodic minor scale patterns remain exactly the same in form (the
PATTERN that you visualize and memorize) when applied to any other melodic minor key. To play in
any other melodic minor key will only depend on the starting note or the first note of the pattern also
called the root note. For example: Starting on the B note and imitating the above melodic minor scale
patterns would produce the B MELODIC MINOR SCALE that then again produces the KEY OF B
MELODIC MINOR when all the patterns starting on the note B are linked. Starting on the F# note and
imitating the above patterns would produce the F# MELODIC MINOR SCALE that then again produces
the KEY OF F# MELODIC MINOR when all the patterns starting on the note F# are linked and so forth.

This means that when youve memorized these few set melodic minor scale patterns mentally and
technically (acquiring through regular practice the physical ability to play these patterns) youll be well
on your way to be able to play in any melodic minor key ALL over the bass fingerboard.

Each and every ROADMAP OF THE MELODIC MINOR SCALE OR KEY produced by linking the
melodic minor scale patterns, remains the same in visual form to any other individual melodic minor key
a kind of mirror effect that takes place. This incident occurs on instruments like the guitar and bass
purely by their design, where the picture or pattern of one key looks exactly the same (visually) as the
picture or pattern of any other similar key. This repetition makes it just a little easier to learn the

Page |8
instrument. The subsequent notes calculated in a melodic minor scale sequence from any given
starting point will bring about that starting points melodic minor key. The starting point for example in
the key of A MELODIC MINOR, will be the root note or key note A and this starting point is also called
the KEY TONALITY. It is the position of the notes and their note names and their respective sounds
that differentiate one key from the other.

And then finally concerning this topic, just bear in mind that the ability to play a pattern up and down
fluently is not the music just yet (but it will be the first objective in terms of technique and learning your
instrument). When we think of music and the function of these patterns, it is best explained when we
observe the improvisational musician like a Jazz bassist who would create melodies, riffs, licks and
musical themes spontaneously within these patterns by playing an assortment of different note
selections and rhythmic variations around these patterns that has already been committed to memory.
In other words, first memorize these patterns physically (technique) and then improvise around it.
These patterns should be memorized visually in form, also numerically and it is also important that the
note names of each particular scale are memorized as well. When you do all this practicing you will
automatically train your ear and begin to develop your aural sense and also the ability to hear the
relationship of sounds.

And please just keep in mind that if you have a thorough understanding of the major keys, the natural
minor keys and the harmonic minor keys and the application thereof the information given here will
again be purely a matter of principal and more easily understood since the bulk of the work was already
done in the previous three books. In book 2 we learned that by starting on the sixth degree of the major
key the natural minor scale is produced and that it is actually just a shift that occurs in that the sixth
degree of every major key will now become our starting point (Key Tonality) in the formation of the
natural minor key. And in book 3 we learned that the harmonic minor scale is just a natural minor scale
th
with a raised (sharpened) 7 degree that forms the harmonic minor key. And now we see that by raising
th
the 6 degree of the harmonic minor scale how the melodic minor scale is formed to produce the
melodic minor key.
[In practice you can look at the melodic minor scale as a major scale with a minor third interval or flattened third degree
instead of a major third. Always observe and analyze the information and put it into a context that you can practically apply
on your bass].

Comments on Fingerings and Technique


What I will do now is play the first three melodic minor scale patterns in the following sets of photographs so that
you can observe my fingerings just to check your fingerings against mine (if your fingerings differ from mine and
you can play the pattern comfortably, then that is fine this is just a guideline). Also see if you can find more
tips on technique by observing what Im doing. [One photo for every degree of the pattern ascending and
descending]:

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Pattern to the Left

st

Degree

3 Degree

th

7 Degree

th

8 Degree

th

8 Degree

th

7 Degree

th

3 Degree

rd

1 Degree

6 Degree

9 Degree

4 Degree

nd

rd

4 Degree

th

9 Degree

th

6 Degree

nd

th

5 Degree

th

th

10 Degree

th

5 Degree

th

th

st

Degree

1 Degree

3 Degree

4 Degree

Pattern in the Center

st

1 Degree

nd

Degree

rd

th

th

5 Degree

P a g e | 10
th

6 Degree

th

11 Degree

th

6 Degree

th

7 Degree

th

10 Degree

th

5 Degree

th

9 Degree

th

8 Degree

th

3 Degree

rd

4 Degree

th

9 Degree

8 Degree

9 Degree

4 Degree

th

10 Degree

th

th

7 Degree

rd

th

5 Degree

th

10 Degree

th

nd

Degree

st

1 Degree

Pattern to the Right

st

Degree

3 Degree

th

7 Degree

8 Degree

1 Degree

6 Degree

nd

th

th

th

P a g e | 11
th

11 Degree

th

12 Degree

th

7 Degree

rd

8 Degree

3 Degree

th

nd

th

th

11 Degree

th

10 Degree

th

9 Degree

th

6 Degree

th

5 Degree

4 Degree

st

Degree

1 Degree

Single String Pattern

st

Degree

3 Degree

th

6 Degree

th

7 Degree

th

6 Degree

th

5 Degree

1 Degree

5 Degree

7 Degree

nd

rd

4 Degree

th

th

8 Degree

th

4 Degree

th

th

P a g e | 12
rd

3 Degree

nd

Degree

st

1 Degree

Comments on Improvisation
[IMPORTANT NOTICE: The new aspiring musician should just take a moment
and think about and conceptualize the notion of IMPROVISATION in the context
of music with the goal of applying it when learning, practicing and playing].
A few things to think about and apply when incorporating improvisation when playing
or practicing something like the melodic minor scale patterns and open to your own
interpretation
Accents

Phrasing

Arpeggios

Relaxation

Note Repetition

Tempo

Speed

Note Selection

Taking Risks

Volume

Beat

Melody

Trills

Listening

Finger
Articulation

Coordination

Legato

Intervals

Timing

Single String

Amplitude

Pizzicato

Modes

Syncopation

Chords

Rhythms

Articulation

Question &
Answer

Emotion

Blues

Tremolo

Phantom Notes

Concentration

Jazz

Silence

Dynamics

Triplets

Open Strings

Length of Note

Space

Ornaments

Harmonics

Bebop

Triads

Discipline

Scatting

Tapping

Visualizations

Sliding

Music

A Final Word
In working through this series of books, what you as the student need to do is to apply the things that are shown
to you. For example: When you see a section dealing with intervals and in that section it is stated that the note
C and G# together produces an augmented fifth interval, you must then take your bass and apply this and play
these two notes and listen and observe and say to yourself, okay, so this is an augmented fifth interval and
approach all the other topics in the same fashion. Also keep in mind that one of your objectives is to become
technically adept at producing the things that you learn on your instrument and in order to do that, you will have
to commit yourself to the physical practicing of the instrument.
You will also observe when working through this book how each chapter is almost a carbon copy of the next
chapter except for the note names and their respective sounds and the different positions on the fingerboard
that changes with every different melodic minor key. The student is advised to compare the chapters with one
another to see and find the characteristics of the melodic minor keys.

P a g e | 13
When you work slowly through the chapters in this book you will begin to conceptualize the application of theory
on your bass and with a little persistence and before you know it youll have an extensive music vocabulary or a
sort of information database that you can draw on when you play. Do not be put of by the jargon or terminology
used in the theory because as you gradually work through every chapter you will come to terms with the
important things. Once you have grasped and worked through the first chapter of this book, every subsequent
chapter will also be easier because you will basically be doing the same stuff. Your ability to hear things in a
musical context will also develop and your ear will automatically catch-up with the things you are doing and this
facility to hear things will begin to subconsciously dictate what you want or need to do. Observe this
phenomenon when it occurs and cultivate it further.

P a g e | 14

Chapter 1
THE KEY OF A MINOR (Melodic)
The Notes
The key of A MINOR (Melodic) is derived from the A MELODIC MINOR SCALE. The notes of the A MELODIC
MINOR SCALE may be presented as follows with a numerical value attributed to each note:

I
A

II
B

III
C

IV
D

V
E

VI
F#

VII
G#

1/8

2/9

b3/b10

4/11

5/12

6/13

In written musical form the A MELODIC MINOR SCALE is presented in this manner:
Treble Clef

Bass Clef

The Bass Fingerboard


On the bass fingerboard the notes of the A MELODIC MINOR SCALE shows up as follows:

When we take the various melodic minor scale patterns and we LINK them over the fingerboard it will form a
kind of MELODIC MINOR SCALE OR MELODIC MINOR KEY ROADMAP and the subsequent reproduction
of the above picture. So in order to memorize the above sequence of notes we will start by learning the
individual melodic minor scale patterns as indicated in the following section. In this chapter of A MELODIC
MINOR the first note or root note of each pattern will be the note A and when we link these melodic minor scale
patterns, well get the above picture of the key of A MELODIC MINOR that covers the whole extent of the
fingerboard.

The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns


The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the TOP STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

P a g e | 15

The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the SECOND STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

The single string melodic minor scale pattern with the root note on ALL FOUR STRINGS:

Single String Pattern

Intervals

I
A
A

F#

G#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Octave

P a g e | 16

II
B
B

F#

G#

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

F#

G#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Augmented
fifth interval
(#5)

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

F#

G#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

III
C

Octave

IV
D

Octave

P a g e | 17

V
E
E

F#

G#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

G#

F#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

F#

G#

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Diminished
fourth interval
(b4/b11)

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

VI
F#

VII
G#

P a g e | 18

Harmony: The Scale Tone Chords (triads)

1st
3rd
5th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Minor chord

Minor chord

Augmented
chord

Major chord

Major chord

Diminished
chord

Diminished
chord

A
C
E

B
D
F#

C
E
G#

D
F#
A

E
G#
B

F#
A
C

G#
B
D

A Minor

1st

3rd

C (b3)

5th

II

B Minor

1st

3rd

D (b3)

5th

F#

P a g e | 19

III

C Augmented

1st

3rd

5th

G#(#5)

P a g e | 20

IV

D Major

1st

3rd

F#

5th

E Major

1st

3rd

G#

5th

P a g e | 21

VI

F# Diminished

1st

F#

3rd

A (b3)

5th

C (b5)

P a g e | 22

VII

1st

G# Diminished

G#

3rd

B (b3)

5th

D (b5)

Further Harmonization of the Scale Tone Chords in A Minor (Melodic)

I
1st
3rd
5th
7th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

A Minor/Major
Seventh

B Minor
Seventh

C Major
Seventh sharp
Five

D7 (Seventh)

E7 (Seventh)

F# Minor
Seven flat Five

G# Minor
Seven flat Five

A
C
E
G#

B
D
F#
A

C
E
G#
B

D
F#
A
C

E
G#
B
D

F#
A
C
E

G#
B
D
F#

P a g e | 23

Chapter 2
THE KEY OF E MINOR (Melodic)
The Notes
The key of E MINOR (Melodic) is derived from the E MELODIC MINOR SCALE. The notes of the E MELODIC
MINOR SCALE may be presented as follows with a numerical value attributed to each note:

I
E

II
F#

III
G

IV
A

V
B

VI
C#

VII
D#

1/8

2/9

b3/b10

4/11

5/12

6/13

In written musical form the E MELODIC MINOR SCALE is presented in this manner:
Treble Clef

Bass Clef

The Bass Fingerboard


On the bass fingerboard the notes of the E MELODIC MINOR SCALE shows up as follows:

When we take the various melodic minor scale patterns and we LINK them over the fingerboard it will form a
kind of MELODIC MINOR SCALE OR MELODIC MINOR KEY ROADMAP and the subsequent reproduction
of the above picture. So in order to memorize the above sequence of notes we will start by learning the
individual melodic minor scale patterns as indicated in the following section. In this chapter of E MELODIC
MINOR the first note or root note of each pattern will be the note E and when we link these melodic minor scale
patterns, well get the above picture of the key of E MELODIC MINOR that covers the whole extent of the
fingerboard.

The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns


The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the TOP STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

P a g e | 24

The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the SECOND STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

The single string melodic minor scale pattern with the root note on ALL FOUR STRINGS:

Single String Pattern

Intervals

I
E
E

F#

C#

D#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Octave

P a g e | 25

II
F#
F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

C#

D#

F#

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

C#

D#

F#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Augmented
fifth interval
(#5)

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

C#

D#

F#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

III
G

Octave

IV
A

Octave

P a g e | 26

V
B
B

C#

D#

F#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

D#

F#

C#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

F#

C#

D#

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Diminished
fourth interval
(b4/b11)

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

VI
C#

VII
D#

P a g e | 27

Harmony: The Scale Tone Chords (triads)

1st
3rd
5th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Minor chord

Minor chord

Augmented
chord

Major chord

Major chord

Diminished
chord

Diminished
chord

E
G
B

F#
A
C#

G
B
D#

A
C#
E

B
D#
F#

C#
E
G

D#
F#
A

E Minor

1st

3rd

G (b3)

5th

II

F# Minor

1st

F#

3rd

A (b3)

5th

C#

P a g e | 28

III

G Augmented

1st

3rd

5th

D#(#5)

P a g e | 29

IV

A Major

1st

3rd

C#

5th

B Major

1st

3rd

D#

5th

F#

P a g e | 30

VI

C# Diminished

1st

C#

3rd

E (b3)

5th

G (b5)

P a g e | 31

VII

1st

D# Diminished

D#

3rd

F# (b3)

5th

A (b5)

Further Harmonization of the Scale Tone Chords in E Minor (Melodic)

I
1st
3rd
5th
7th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

E Minor/Major
Seventh

F# Minor
Seventh

G Major
Seventh sharp
Five

A7 (Seventh)

B7 (Seventh)

C# Minor
Seven flat Five

D# Minor
Seven flat Five

E
G
B
D#

F#
A
C#
E

G
B
D#
F#

A
C#
E
G

B
D#
F#
A

C#
E
G
B

D#
F#
A
C#

P a g e | 32

Chapter 3
THE KEY OF B MINOR (Melodic)
The Notes
The key of B MINOR (Melodic) is derived from the B MELODIC MINOR SCALE. The notes of the B MELODIC
MINOR SCALE may be presented as follows with a numerical value attributed to each note:

I
B

II
C#

III
D

IV
E

V
F#

VI
G#

VII
A#

1/8

2/9

b3/b10

4/11

5/12

6/13

In written musical form the B MELODIC MINOR SCALE is presented in this manner:
Treble Clef

Bass Clef

The Bass Fingerboard


On the bass fingerboard the notes of the B MELODIC MINOR SCALE shows up as follows:

When we take the various melodic minor scale patterns and we LINK them over the fingerboard it will form a
kind of MELODIC MINOR SCALE OR MELODIC MINOR KEY ROADMAP and the subsequent reproduction
of the above picture. So in order to memorize the above sequence of notes we will start by learning the
individual melodic minor scale patterns as indicated in the following section. In this chapter of B MELODIC
MINOR the first note or root note of each pattern will be the note B and when we link these melodic minor scale
patterns, well get the above picture of the key of B MELODIC MINOR that covers the whole extent of the
fingerboard.

The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns


The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the TOP STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

P a g e | 33

The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the SECOND STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

The single string melodic minor scale pattern with the root note on ALL FOUR STRINGS:

Single String Pattern

Intervals

I
B
B

C#

F#

G#

A#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Octave

P a g e | 34

II
C#
C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

F#

G#

A#

C#

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

F#

G#

A#

C#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Augmented
fifth interval
(#5)

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

F#

G#

A#

C#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

III
D

Octave

IV
E

Octave

P a g e | 35

V
F#
F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

G#

A#

C#

F#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

A#

C#

F#

G#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

A#

A#

A#

A#

A#

A#

A#

C#

F#

G#

A#

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Diminished
fourth interval
(b4/b11)

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

VI
G#

VII
A#

P a g e | 36

Harmony: The Scale Tone Chords (triads)

1st
3rd
5th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Minor chord

Minor chord

Augmented
chord

Major chord

Major chord

Diminished
chord

Diminished
chord

B
D
F#

C#
E
G#

D
F#
A#

E
G#
B

F#
A#
C#

G#
B
D

A#
C#
E

B Minor

1st

3rd

D (b3)

5th

F#

II

C# Minor

1st

C#

3rd

E (b3)

5th

G#

P a g e | 37

III

D Augmented

1st

3rd

F#

5th

A#(#5)

P a g e | 38

IV

E Major

1st

3rd

G#

5th

F# Major

1st

F#

3rd

A#

5th

C#

P a g e | 39

VI

G# Diminished

1st

G#

3rd

B (b3)

5th

D (b5)

P a g e | 40

VII

1st

A# Diminished

A#

3rd

C# (b3)

5th

E (b5)

Further Harmonization of the Scale Tone Chords in B Minor (Melodic)

I
1st
3rd
5th
7th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

B Minor/Major
Seventh

C# Minor
Seventh

D Major
Seventh sharp
Five

E7 (Seventh)

F#7 (Seventh)

G# Minor
Seven flat Five

A# Minor
Seven flat Five

B
D
F#
A#

C#
E
G#
B

D
F#
A#
C#

E
G#
B
D

F#
A#
C#
E

G#
B
D
F#

A#
C#
E
G#

P a g e | 41

Chapter 4
THE KEY OF F# MINOR (Melodic)
The Notes
The key of F# MINOR (Melodic) is derived from the F# MELODIC MINOR SCALE. The notes of the F#
MELODIC MINOR SCALE may be presented as follows with a numerical value attributed to each note:

I
F#

II
G#

III
A

IV
B

V
C#

VI
D#

VII
E#

1/8

2/9

b3/b10

4/11

5/12

6/13

In written musical form the F# MELODIC MINOR SCALE is presented in this manner:
Treble Clef

Bass Clef

The Bass Fingerboard


On the bass fingerboard the notes of the F# MELODIC MINOR SCALE shows up as follows:

When we take the various melodic minor scale patterns and we LINK them over the fingerboard it will form a
kind of MELODIC MINOR SCALE OR MELODIC MINOR KEY ROADMAP and the subsequent reproduction
of the above picture. So in order to memorize the above sequence of notes we will start by learning the
individual melodic minor scale patterns as indicated in the following section. In this chapter of F# MELODIC
MINOR the first note or root note of each pattern will be the note F# and when we link these melodic minor scale
patterns, well get the above picture of the key of F# MELODIC MINOR that covers the whole extent of the
fingerboard.

The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns


The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the TOP STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

P a g e | 42

The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the SECOND STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

The single string melodic minor scale pattern with the root note on ALL FOUR STRINGS:

Single String Pattern

Intervals

I
F#
F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

G#

C#

D#

E#

F#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Octave

P a g e | 43

II
G#
G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

C#

D#

E#

F#

G#

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

C#

D#

E#

F#

G#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Augmented
fifth interval
(#5)

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

C#

D#

E#

F#

G#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

III
A

Octave

IV
B

Octave

P a g e | 44

V
C#
C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

D#

E#

F#

G#

C#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

E#

F#

G#

C#

D#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

E#

E#

E#

E#

E#

E#

E#

F#

G#

C#

D#

E#

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Diminished
fourth interval
(b4/b11)

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

VI
D#

VII
E#

P a g e | 45

Harmony: The Scale Tone Chords (triads)

1st
3rd
5th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Minor chord

Minor chord

Augmented
chord

Major chord

Major chord

Diminished
chord

Diminished
chord

F#
A
C#

G#
B
D#

A
C#
E#

B
D#
F#

C#
E#
G#

D#
F#
A

E#
G#
B

F# Minor

1st

F#

3rd

A (b3)

5th

C#

II

G# Minor

1st

G#

3rd

B (b3)

5th

D#

P a g e | 46

III

A Augmented

1st

3rd

C#

5th

E#(#5)

P a g e | 47

IV

B Major

1st

3rd

D#

5th

F#

C# Major

1st

C#

3rd

E#

5th

G#

P a g e | 48

VI

D# Diminished

1st

D#

3rd

F# (b3)

5th

A (b5)

P a g e | 49

VII

1st

E# Diminished

E#

3rd

G# (b3)

5th

B (b5)

Further Harmonization of the Scale Tone Chords in F# Minor (Melodic)

I
1st
3rd
5th
7th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

F# Minor/Major
Seventh

G# Minor
Seventh

A Major
Seventh sharp
Five

B7 (Seventh)

C#7 (Seventh)

D# Minor
Seven flat Five

E# Minor
Seven flat Five

F#
A
C#
E#

G#
B
D#
F#

A
C#
E#
G#

B
D#
F#
A

C#
E#
G#
B

D#
F#
A
C#

E#
G#
B
D#

P a g e | 50

Chapter 5
THE KEY OF C# MINOR (Melodic)
The Notes
The key of C# MINOR (Melodic) is derived from the C# MELODIC MINOR SCALE. The notes of the C#
MELODIC MINOR SCALE may be presented as follows with a numerical value attributed to each note:

I
C#

II
D#

III
E

IV
F#

V
G#

VI
A#

VII
B#

1/8

2/9

b3/b10

4/11

5/12

6/13

In written musical form the C# MELODIC MINOR SCALE is presented in this manner:
Treble Clef

Bass Clef

The Bass Fingerboard


On the bass fingerboard the notes of the C# MELODIC MINOR SCALE shows up as follows:

When we take the various melodic minor scale patterns and we LINK them over the fingerboard it will form a
kind of MELODIC MINOR SCALE OR MELODIC MINOR KEY ROADMAP and the subsequent reproduction
of the above picture. So in order to memorize the above sequence of notes we will start by learning the
individual melodic minor scale patterns as indicated in the following section. In this chapter of C# MELODIC
MINOR the first note or root note of each pattern will be the note C# and when we link these melodic minor
scale patterns, well get the above picture of the key of C# MELODIC MINOR that covers the whole extent of
the fingerboard.

The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns


The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the TOP STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

P a g e | 51

The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the SECOND STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

The single string melodic minor scale pattern with the root note on ALL FOUR STRINGS:

Single String Pattern

Intervals

I
C#
C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

D#

F#

G#

A#

B#

C#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Octave

P a g e | 52

II
D#
D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

F#

G#

A#

B#

C#

D#

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

F#

G#

A#

B#

C#

D#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Augmented
fifth interval
(#5)

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

G#

A#

B#

C#

D#

F#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

III
E

Octave

IV
F#

Octave

P a g e | 53

V
G#
G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

A#

B#

C#

D#

F#

G#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

A#

A#

A#

A#

A#

A#

A#

B#

C#

D#

F#

G#

A#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

B#

B#

B#

B#

B#

B#

B#

C#

D#

F#

G#

A#

B#

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Diminished
fourth interval
(b4/b11)

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

VI
A#

VII
B#

P a g e | 54

Harmony: The Scale Tone Chords (triads)

1st
3rd
5th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Minor chord

Minor chord

Augmented
chord

Major chord

Major chord

Diminished
chord

Diminished
chord

C#
E
G#

D#
F#
A#

E
G#
B#

F#
A#
C#

G#
B#
D#

A#
C#
E

B#
D#
F#

C# Minor

1st

C#

3rd

E (b3)

5th

G#

II

D# Minor

1st

D#

3rd

F# (b3)

5th

A#

P a g e | 55

III

E Augmented

1st

3rd

G#

5th

B#(#5)

P a g e | 56

IV

F# Major

1st

F#

3rd

A#

5th

C#

G# Major

1st

G#

3rd

B#

5th

D#

P a g e | 57

VI

A# Diminished

1st

A#

3rd

C# (b3)

5th

E (b5)

P a g e | 58

VII

1st

B# Diminished

B#

3rd

D# (b3)

5th

F# (b5)

Further Harmonization of the Scale Tone Chords in C# Minor (Melodic)

I
1st
3rd
5th
7th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

C# Minor/Major
Seventh

D# Minor
Seventh

E Major
Seventh sharp
Five

F#7 (Seventh)

G#7 (Seventh)

A# Minor
Seven flat Five

B# Minor
Seven flat Five

C#
E
G#
B#

D#
F#
A#
C#

E
G#
B#
D#

F#
A#
C#
E

G#
B#
D#
F#

A#
C#
E
G#

B#
D#
F#
A#

P a g e | 59

Chapter 6
THE KEY OF G# MINOR (Melodic)
The Notes
The key of G# MINOR (Melodic) is derived from the G# MELODIC MINOR SCALE. The notes of the G#
MELODIC MINOR SCALE may be presented as follows with a numerical value attributed to each note:

I
G#

II
A#

III
B

IV
C#

V
D#

VI
E#

VII
F##

1/8

2/9

b3/b10

4/11

5/12

6/13

In written musical form the G# MELODIC MINOR SCALE is presented in this manner:
Treble Clef

Bass Clef

The Bass Fingerboard


On the bass fingerboard the notes of the G# MELODIC MINOR SCALE shows up as follows:

When we take the various melodic minor scale patterns and we LINK them over the fingerboard it will form a
kind of MELODIC MINOR SCALE OR MELODIC MINOR KEY ROADMAP and the subsequent reproduction
of the above picture. So in order to memorize the above sequence of notes we will start by learning the
individual melodic minor scale patterns as indicated in the following section. In this chapter of G# MELODIC
MINOR the first note or root note of each pattern will be the note G# and when we link these melodic minor
scale patterns, well get the above picture of the key of G# MELODIC MINOR that covers the whole extent of
the fingerboard.

The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns


The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the TOP STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

P a g e | 60

The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the SECOND STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

The single string melodic minor scale pattern with the root note on ALL FOUR STRINGS:

Single String Pattern

Intervals

I
G#
G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

A#

C#

D#

E#

F##

G#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Octave

P a g e | 61

II
A#
A#

A#

A#

A#

A#

A#

A#

C#

D#

E#

F##

G#

A#

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

C#

D#

E#

F##

G#

A#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Augmented
fifth interval
(#5)

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

D#

E#

F##

G#

A#

C#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

III
B

Octave

IV
C#

Octave

P a g e | 62

V
D#
D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

E#

F##

G#

A#

C#

D#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

E#

E#

E#

E#

E#

E#

E#

F##

G#

A#

C#

D#

E#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

F##

F##

F##

F##

F##

F##

F##

G#

A#

C#

D#

E#

F##

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Diminished
fourth interval
(b4/b11)

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

VI
E#

VII
F##

P a g e | 63

Harmony: The Scale Tone Chords (triads)

1st
3rd
5th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Minor chord

Minor chord

Augmented
chord

Major chord

Major chord

Diminished
chord

Diminished
chord

G#
B
D#

A#
C#
E#

B
D#
F##

C#
E#
G#

D#
F##
A#

E#
G#
B

F##
A#
C#

G# Minor

1st

G#

3rd

B (b3)

5th

D#

II

A# Minor

1st

A#

3rd

C# (b3)

5th

E#

P a g e | 64

III

B Augmented

1st

3rd

D#

5th

F##(#5)

P a g e | 65

IV

C# Major

1st

C#

3rd

E#

5th

G#

D# Major

1st

D#

3rd

F##

5th

A#

P a g e | 66

VI

E# Diminished

1st

E#

3rd

G# (b3)

5th

B (b5)

P a g e | 67

VII

1st

F##
Diminished

F##

3rd

A# (b3)

5th

C# (b5)

Further Harmonization of the Scale Tone Chords in G# Minor (Melodic)

I
1st
3rd
5th
7th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

G# Minor/Major
Seventh

A# Minor
Seventh

B Major
Seventh sharp
Five

C#7 (Seventh)

D#7 (Seventh)

E# Minor
Seven flat Five

F## Minor
Seven flat Five

G#
B
D#
F##

A#
C#
E#
G#

B
D#
F##
A#

C#
E#
G#
B

D#
F##
A#
C#

E#
G#
B
D#

F##
A#
C#
E#

P a g e | 68

Chapter 7
THE KEY OF D# MINOR (Melodic)
The Notes
The key of D# MINOR (Melodic) is derived from the D# MELODIC MINOR SCALE. The notes of the D#
MELODIC MINOR SCALE may be presented as follows with a numerical value attributed to each note:

I
D#

II
E#

III
F#

IV
G#

V
A#

VI
B#

VII
C##

1/8

2/9

b3/b10

4/11

5/12

6/13

In written musical form the D# MELODIC MINOR SCALE is presented in this manner:
Treble Clef

Bass Clef

The Bass Fingerboard


On the bass fingerboard the notes of the D# MELODIC MINOR SCALE shows up as follows:

When we take the various melodic minor scale patterns and we LINK them over the fingerboard it will form a
kind of MELODIC MINOR SCALE OR MELODIC MINOR KEY ROADMAP and the subsequent reproduction
of the above picture. So in order to memorize the above sequence of notes we will start by learning the
individual melodic minor scale patterns as indicated in the following section. In this chapter of D# MELODIC
MINOR the first note or root note of each pattern will be the note D# and when we link these melodic minor
scale patterns, well get the above picture of the key of D# MELODIC MINOR that covers the whole extent of
the fingerboard.

The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns


The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the TOP STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

P a g e | 69

The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the SECOND STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

The single string melodic minor scale pattern with the root note on ALL FOUR STRINGS:

Single String Pattern

Intervals

I
D#
D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

E#

F#

G#

A#

B#

C##

D#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Octave

P a g e | 70

II
E#
E#

E#

E#

E#

E#

E#

E#

F#

G#

A#

B#

C##

D#

E#

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

G#

A#

B#

C##

D#

E#

F#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Augmented
fifth interval
(#5)

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

G#

A#

B#

C##

D#

E#

F#

G#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

III
F#

Octave

IV
G#

Octave

P a g e | 71

V
A#
A#

A#

A#

A#

A#

A#

A#

B#

C##

D#

E#

F#

G#

A#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

B#

B#

B#

B#

B#

B#

B#

C##

D#

E#

F#

G#

A#

B#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

C##

C##

C##

C##

C##

C##

C##

D#

E#

F#

G#

A#

B#

C##

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Diminished
fourth interval
(b4/b11)

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

VI
B#

VII
C##

P a g e | 72

Harmony: The Scale Tone Chords (triads)

1st
3rd
5th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Minor chord

Minor chord

Augmented
chord

Major chord

Major chord

Diminished
chord

Diminished
chord

D#
F#
A#

E#
G#
B#

F#
A#
C##

G#
B#
D#

A#
C##
E#

B#
D#
F#

C##
E#
G#

D# Minor

1st

D#

3rd

F# (b3)

5th

A#

II

E# Minor

1st

E#

3rd

G# (b3)

5th

B#

P a g e | 73

III

F# Augmented

1st

F#

3rd

A#

5th

C##(#5)

P a g e | 74

IV

G# Major

1st

G#

3rd

B#

5th

D#

A# Major

1st

A#

3rd

C##

5th

E#

P a g e | 75

VI

B# Diminished

1st

B#

3rd

D# (b3)

5th

F# (b5)

P a g e | 76

VII

1st

C##
Diminished

C##

3rd

E# (b3)

5th

G# (b5)

Further Harmonization of the Scale Tone Chords in D# Minor (Melodic)

I
1st
3rd
5th
7th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

D# Minor/Major
Seventh

E# Minor
Seventh

F# Major
Seventh sharp
Five

G#7 Seventh

A#7 Seventh

B# Minor
Seven flat Five

C## Minor
Seven flat Five

D#
F#
A#
C##

E#
G#
B#
D#

F#
A#
C##
E#

G#
B#
D#
F#

A#
C##
E#
G#

B#
D#
F#
A#

C##
E#
G#
B#

P a g e | 77

Chapter 8
THE KEY OF A# MINOR (Melodic)
The Notes
The key of A# MINOR (Melodic) is derived from the A# MELODIC MINOR SCALE. The notes of the A#
MELODIC MINOR SCALE may be presented as follows with a numerical value attributed to each note:

I
A#

II
B#

III
C#

IV
D#

V
E#

VI
F##

VII
G##

1/8

2/9

b3/b10

4/11

5/12

6/13

In written musical form the A# MELODIC MINOR SCALE is presented in this manner:
Treble Clef

Bass Clef

The Bass Fingerboard


On the bass fingerboard the notes of the A# MELODIC MINOR SCALE shows up as follows:

When we take the various melodic minor scale patterns and we LINK them over the fingerboard it will form a
kind of MELODIC MINOR SCALE OR MELODIC MINOR KEY ROADMAP and the subsequent reproduction
of the above picture. So in order to memorize the above sequence of notes we will start by learning the
individual melodic minor scale patterns as indicated in the following section. In this chapter of A# MELODIC
MINOR the first note or root note of each pattern will be the note A# and when we link these melodic minor
scale patterns, well get the above picture of the key of A# MELODIC MINOR that covers the whole extent of
the fingerboard.

The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns


The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the TOP STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

P a g e | 78

The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the SECOND STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

The single string melodic minor scale pattern with the root note on ALL FOUR STRINGS:

Single String Pattern

Intervals

I
A#
A#

A#

A#

A#

A#

A#

A#

B#

C#

D#

E#

F##

G##

A#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Octave

P a g e | 79

II
B#
B#

B#

B#

B#

B#

B#

B#

C#

D#

E#

F##

G##

A#

B#

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

D#

E#

F##

G##

A#

B#

C#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Augmented
fifth interval
(#5)

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

D#

E#

F##

G##

A#

B#

C#

D#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

III
C#

Octave

IV
D#

Octave

P a g e | 80

V
E#
E#

E#

E#

E#

E#

E#

E#

F##

G##

A#

B#

C#

D#

E#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

F##

F##

F##

F##

F##

F##

F##

G##

A#

B#

C#

D#

E#

F##

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

G##

G##

G##

G##

G##

G##

G##

A#

B#

C#

D#

E#

F##

G##

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Diminished
fourth interval
(b4/b11)

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

VI
F##

VII
G##

P a g e | 81

Harmony: The Scale Tone Chords (triads)

1st
3rd
5th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Minor chord

Minor chord

Augmented
chord

Major chord

Major chord

Diminished
chord

Diminished
chord

A#
C#
E#

B#
D#
F##

C#
E#
G##

D#
F##
A#

E#
G##
B#

F##
A#
C#

G##
B#
D#

A# Minor

1st

A#

3rd

C# (b3)

5th

E#

II

B# Minor

1st

B#

3rd

D# (b3)

5th

F##

P a g e | 82

III

C# Augmented

1st

C#

3rd

E#

5th

G##(#5)

P a g e | 83

IV

D# Major

1st

D#

3rd

F##

5th

A#

E# Major

1st

E#

3rd

G##

5th

B#

P a g e | 84

VI

F##
Diminished

1st

F##

3rd

A# (b3)

5th

C# (b5)

P a g e | 85

VII

1st

G##
Diminished

G##

3rd

B# (b3)

5th

D# (b5)

Further Harmonization of the Scale Tone Chords in A# Minor (Melodic)

I
1st
3rd
5th
7th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

A# Minor/Major
Seventh

B# Minor
Seventh

C# Major
Seventh sharp
Five

D#7 (Seventh)

E#7 (Seventh)

F## Minor
Seven flat Five

G## Minor
Seven flat Five

A#
C#
E#
G##

B#
D#
F##
A#

C#
E#
G##
B#

D#
F##
A#
C#

E#
G##
B#
D#

F##
A#
C#
E#

G##
B#
D#
F##

P a g e | 86

Chapter 9
THE KEY OF D MINOR (Melodic)
The Notes
The key of D MINOR (Melodic) is derived from the D MELODIC MINOR SCALE. The notes of the D MELODIC
MINOR SCALE may be presented as follows with a numerical value attributed to each note:

I
D

II
E

III
F

IV
G

V
A

VI
B

VII
C#

1/8

2/9

b3/b10

4/11

5/12

6/13

In written musical form the D MELODIC MINOR SCALE is presented in this manner:
Treble Clef

Bass Clef

The Bass Fingerboard


On the bass fingerboard the notes of the D MELODIC MINOR SCALE shows up as follows:

When we take the various melodic minor scale patterns and we LINK them over the fingerboard it will form a
kind of MELODIC MINOR SCALE OR MELODIC MINOR KEY ROADMAP and the subsequent reproduction
of the above picture. So in order to memorize the above sequence of notes we will start by learning the
individual melodic minor scale patterns as indicated in the following section. In this chapter of D MELODIC
MINOR the first note or root note of each pattern will be the note D and when we link these melodic minor scale
patterns, well get the above picture of the key of D MELODIC MINOR that covers the whole extent of the
fingerboard.

The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns


The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the TOP STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

P a g e | 87

The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the SECOND STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

The single string melodic minor scale pattern with the root note on ALL FOUR STRINGS:

Single String Pattern

Intervals

I
D
D

C#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Octave

P a g e | 88

II
E
E

C#

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

C#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Augmented
fifth interval
(#5)

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

C#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

III
F

Octave

IV
G

Octave

P a g e | 89

V
A
A

C#

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

C#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

C#

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Diminished
fourth interval
(b4/b11)

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

VI
B

VII
C#

P a g e | 90

Harmony: The Scale Tone Chords (triads)

1st
3rd
5th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Minor chord

Minor chord

Augmented
chord

Major chord

Major chord

Diminished
chord

Diminished
chord

D
F
A

E
G
B

F
A
C#

G
B
D

A
C#
E

B
D
F

C#
E
G

D Minor

1st

3rd

F (b3)

5th

II

E Minor

1st

3rd

G (b3)

5th

P a g e | 91

III

F Augmented

1st

3rd

5th

C#(#5)

P a g e | 92

IV

G Major

1st

3rd

5th

A Major

1st

3rd

C#

5th

P a g e | 93

VI

B Diminished

1st

3rd

D (b3)

5th

F (b5)

P a g e | 94

VII

1st

C# Diminished

C#

3rd

5th

E (b3)

G (b5)

Further Harmonization of the Scale Tone Chords in D Minor (Melodic)

I
1st
3rd
5th
7th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

D Minor/Major
Seventh

E Minor
Seventh

F Major
Seventh sharp
Five

G7 (Seventh)

A7 (Seventh)

B Minor
Seven flat Five

C# Minor
Seven flat Five

D
F
A
C#

E
G
B
D

F
A
C#
E

G
B
D
F

A
C#
E
G

B
D
F
A

C#
E
G
B

P a g e | 95

Chapter 10
THE KEY OF G MINOR (Melodic)
The Notes
The key of G MINOR (Melodic) is derived from the G MELODIC MINOR SCALE. The notes of the G
MELODIC MINOR SCALE may be presented as follows with a numerical value attributed to each note:

I
G

II
A

III
Bb

IV
C

V
D

VI
E

VII
F#

1/8

2/9

b3/b10

4/11

5/12

6/13

In written musical form the G MELODIC MINOR SCALE is presented in this manner:
Treble Clef

Bass Clef

The Bass Fingerboard


On the bass fingerboard the notes of the G MELODIC MINOR SCALE shows up as follows:

When we take the various melodic minor scale patterns and we LINK them over the fingerboard it will form a
kind of MELODIC MINOR SCALE OR MELODIC MINOR KEY ROADMAP and the subsequent reproduction
of the above picture. So in order to memorize the above sequence of notes we will start by learning the
individual melodic minor scale patterns as indicated in the following section. In this chapter of G MELODIC
MINOR the first note or root note of each pattern will be the note G and when we link these melodic minor scale
patterns, well get the above picture of the key of G MELODIC MINOR that covers the whole extent of the
fingerboard.

The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns


The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the TOP STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

P a g e | 96

The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the SECOND STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

The single string melodic minor scale pattern with the root note on ALL FOUR STRINGS:

Single String Pattern

Intervals

I
G
G

Bb

F#

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Octave

P a g e | 97

II
A
A

Bb

F#

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

F#

Bb

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Augmented
fifth interval
(#5)

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

F#

Bb

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

III
Bb

Octave

IV
C

Octave

P a g e | 98

V
D
D

F#

Bb

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

F#

Bb

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

F#

Bb

F#

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Diminished
fourth interval
(b4/b11)

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

VI
E

VII
F#

P a g e | 99

Harmony: The Scale Tone Chords (triads)

1st
3rd
5th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Minor chord

Minor chord

Augmented
chord

Major chord

Major chord

Diminished
chord

Diminished
chord

G
Bb
D

A
C
E

Bb
D
F#

C
E
G

D
F#
A

E
G
Bb

F#
A
C

G Minor

1st

3rd

Bb (b3)

5th

II

A Minor

1st

3rd

C (b3)

5th

P a g e | 100

III

Bb Augmented

1st

Bb

3rd

5th

F#(#5)

P a g e | 101

IV

C Major

1st

3rd

5th

D Major

1st

3rd

F#

5th

P a g e | 102

VI

E Diminished

1st

3rd

G (b3)

5th

Bb (b5)

P a g e | 103

VII

1st

F# Diminished

F#

3rd

A (b3)

5th

C (b5)

Further Harmonization of the Scale Tone Chords in G Minor (Melodic)

I
1st
3rd
5th
7th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

G Minor/Major
Seventh

A Minor
Seventh

Bb Major
Seventh sharp
Five

C7 (Seventh)

D7 (Seventh)

E Minor
Seven flat Five

F# Minor
Seven flat Five

G
Bb
D
F#

A
C
E
G

Bb
D
F#
A

C
E
G
Bb

D
F#
A
C

E
G
Bb
D

F#
A
C
E

P a g e | 104

Chapter 11
THE KEY OF C MINOR (Melodic)
The Notes
The key of C MINOR (Melodic) is derived from the C MELODIC MINOR SCALE. The notes of the C MELODIC
MINOR SCALE may be presented as follows with a numerical value attributed to each note:

I
C

II
D

III
Eb

IV
F

V
G

VI
A

VII
B

1/8

2/9

b3/b10

4/11

5/12

6/13

In written musical form the C MELODIC MINOR SCALE is presented in this manner:
Treble Clef

Bass Clef

The Bass Fingerboard


On the bass fingerboard the notes of the C MELODIC MINOR SCALE shows up as follows:

When we take the various melodic minor scale patterns and we LINK them over the fingerboard it will form a
kind of MELODIC MINOR SCALE OR MELODIC MINOR KEY ROADMAP and the subsequent reproduction
of the above picture. So in order to memorize the above sequence of notes we will start by learning the
individual melodic minor scale patterns as indicated in the following section. In this chapter of C MELODIC
MINOR the first note or root note of each pattern will be the note C and when we link these melodic minor scale
patterns, well get the above picture of the key of C MELODIC MINOR that covers the whole extent of the
fingerboard.

The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns


The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the TOP STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

P a g e | 105

The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the SECOND STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

The single string melodic minor scale pattern with the root note on ALL FOUR STRINGS:

Single String Pattern

Intervals

I
C
C

Eb

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Octave

P a g e | 106

II
D
D

Eb

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

Eb

Eb

Eb

Eb

Eb

Eb

Eb

Eb

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Augmented
fifth interval
(#5)

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Eb

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

III
Eb

Octave

IV
F

Octave

P a g e | 107

V
G
G

Eb

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

Eb

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

Eb

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Diminished
fourth interval
(b4/b11)

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

VI
A

VII
B

P a g e | 108

Harmony: The Scale Tone Chords (triads)

1st
3rd
5th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Minor chord

Minor chord

Augmented
chord

Major chord

Major chord

Diminished
chord

Diminished
chord

C
Eb
G

D
F
A

Eb
G
B

F
A
C

G
B
D

A
C
Eb

B
D
F

C Minor

1st

3rd

Eb (b3)

5th

II

D Minor

1st

3rd

F (b3)

5th

P a g e | 109

III

Eb Augmented

1st

Eb

3rd

5th

B (#5)

P a g e | 110

IV

F Major

1st

3rd

5th

G Major

1st

3rd

5th

P a g e | 111

VI

A Diminished

1st

3rd

C (b3)

5th

Eb (b5)

P a g e | 112

VII

1st

B Diminished

3rd

D (b3)

5th

F (b5)

Further Harmonization of the Scale Tone Chords in C Minor (Melodic)

I
1st
3rd
5th
7th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

C Minor/Major
Seventh

D Minor
Seventh

Eb Major
Seventh sharp
Five

F7 (Seventh)

G7 (Seventh)

A Minor
Seven flat Five

B Minor Seven
flat Five

C
Eb
G
B

D
F
A
C

Eb
G
B
D

F
A
C
Eb

G
B
D
F

A
C
Eb
G

B
D
F
A

P a g e | 113

Chapter 12
THE KEY OF F MINOR (Melodic)
The Notes
The key of F MINOR (Melodic) is derived from the F MELODIC MINOR SCALE. The notes of the F MELODIC
MINOR SCALE may be presented as follows with a numerical value attributed to each note:

I
F

II
G

III
Ab

IV
Bb

V
C

VI
D

VII
E

1/8

2/9

b3/b10

4/11

5/12

6/13

In written musical form the F MELODIC MINOR SCALE is presented in this manner:
Treble Clef

Bass Clef

The Bass Fingerboard


On the bass fingerboard the notes of the F MELODIC MINOR SCALE shows up as follows:

When we take the various melodic minor scale patterns and we LINK them over the fingerboard it will form a
kind of MELODIC MINOR SCALE OR MELODIC MINOR KEY ROADMAP and the subsequent reproduction
of the above picture. So in order to memorize the above sequence of notes we will start by learning the
individual melodic minor scale patterns as indicated in the following section. In this chapter of F MELODIC
MINOR the first note or root note of each pattern will be the note F and when we link these melodic minor scale
patterns, well get the above picture of the key of F MELODIC MINOR that covers the whole extent of the
fingerboard.

The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns


The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the TOP STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

P a g e | 114

The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the SECOND STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

The single string melodic minor scale pattern with the root note on ALL FOUR STRINGS:

Single String Pattern

Intervals

I
F
F

Ab

Bb

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Octave

P a g e | 115

II
G
G

Ab

Bb

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Bb

Ab

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Augmented
fifth interval
(#5)

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Ab

Bb

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

III
Ab

Octave

IV
Bb

Octave

P a g e | 116

V
C
C

Ab

Bb

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

Ab

Bb

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

Ab

Bb

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Diminished
fourth interval
(b4/b11)

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

VI
D

VII
E

P a g e | 117

Harmony: The Scale Tone Chords (triads)

1st
3rd
5th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Minor chord

Minor chord

Augmented
chord

Major chord

Major chord

Diminished
chord

Diminished
chord

F
Ab
C

G
Bb
D

Ab
C
E

Bb
D
F

C
E
G

D
F
Ab

E
G
Bb

F Minor

1st

3rd

Ab (b3)

5th

II

G Minor

1st

3rd

Bb (b3)

5th

P a g e | 118

III

Ab Augmented

1st

Ab

3rd

5th

E (#5)

P a g e | 119

IV

Bb Major

1st

Bb

3rd

5th

C Major

1st

3rd

5th

P a g e | 120

VI

D Diminished

1st

3rd

F (b3)

5th

Ab (b5)

P a g e | 121

VII

1st

E Diminished

3rd

G (b3)

5th

Bb (b5)

Further Harmonization of the Scale Tone Chords in F Minor (Melodic)

I
1st
3rd
5th
7th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

F Minor/Major
Seventh

G Minor
Seventh

Ab Major
Seventh sharp
Five

Bb7 (Seventh)

C7 (Seventh)

D Minor
Seven flat Five

E Minor Seven
flat Five

F
Ab
C
E

G
Bb
D
F

Ab
C
E
G

Bb
D
F
Ab

C
E
G
Bb

D
F
Ab
C

E
G
Bb
D

P a g e | 122

Chapter 13
THE KEY OF Bb MINOR (Melodic)
The Notes
The key of Bb MINOR (Melodic) is derived from the Bb MELODIC MINOR SCALE. The notes of the Bb
MELODIC MINOR SCALE may be presented as follows with a numerical value attributed to each note:

I
Bb

II
C

III
Db

IV
Eb

V
F

VI
G

VII
A

1/8

2/9

b3/b10

4/11

5/12

6/13

In written musical form the Bb MELODIC MINOR SCALE is presented in this manner:
Treble Clef

Bass Clef

The Bass Fingerboard


On the bass fingerboard the notes of the Bb MELODIC MINOR SCALE shows up as follows:

When we take the various melodic minor scale patterns and we LINK them over the fingerboard it will form a
kind of MELODIC MINOR SCALE OR MELODIC MINOR KEY ROADMAP and the subsequent reproduction
of the above picture. So in order to memorize the above sequence of notes we will start by learning the
individual melodic minor scale patterns as indicated in the following section. In this chapter of Bb MELODIC
MINOR the first note or root note of each pattern will be the note Bb and when we link these melodic minor
scale patterns, well get the above picture of the key of Bb MELODIC MINOR that covers the whole extent of
the fingerboard.

The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns


The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the TOP STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

P a g e | 123

The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the SECOND STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

The single string melodic minor scale pattern with the root note on ALL FOUR STRINGS:

Single String Pattern

Intervals

I
Bb
Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Db

Eb

Bb

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Octave

P a g e | 124

II
C
C

Db

Eb

Bb

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

Db

Db

Db

Db

Db

Db

Db

Eb

Bb

Db

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Augmented
fifth interval
(#5)

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Eb

Eb

Eb

Eb

Eb

Eb

Eb

Bb

Db

Eb

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

III
Db

Octave

IV
Eb

Octave

P a g e | 125

V
F
F

Bb

Db

Eb

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

Bb

Db

Eb

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

Bb

Db

Eb

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Diminished
fourth interval
(b4/b11)

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

VI
G

VII
A

P a g e | 126

Harmony: The Scale Tone Chords (triads)

1st
3rd
5th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Minor chord

Minor chord

Augmented
chord

Major chord

Major chord

Diminished
chord

Diminished
chord

Bb
Db
F

C
Eb
G

Db
F
A

Eb
G
Bb

F
A
C

G
Bb
Db

A
C
Eb

Bb Minor

1st

Bb

3rd

Db (b3)

5th

II

C Minor

1st

3rd

Eb (b3)

5th

P a g e | 127

III

Db Augmented

1st

Db

3rd

5th

A (#5)

P a g e | 128

IV

Eb Major

1st

Eb

3rd

5th

Bb

F Major

1st

3rd

5th

P a g e | 129

VI

G Diminished

1st

3rd

Bb (b3)

5th

Db (b5)

P a g e | 130

VII

1st

A Diminished

3rd

C (b3)

5th

Eb (b5)

Further Harmonization of the Scale Tone Chords in Bb Minor (Melodic)

I
1st
3rd
5th
7th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Bb Minor/Major
Seventh

C Minor
Seventh

Db Major
Seventh sharp
Five

Eb7 (Seventh)

F7 (Seventh)

G Minor
Seven flat Five

A Minor Seven
flat Five

Bb
Db
F
A

C
Eb
G
Bb

Db
F
A
C

Eb
G
Bb
Db

F
A
C
Eb

G
Bb
Db
F

A
C
Eb
G

P a g e | 131

Chapter 14
THE KEY OF Eb MINOR (Melodic)
The Notes
The key of Eb MINOR (Melodic) is derived from the Eb MELODIC MINOR SCALE. The notes of the Eb
MELODIC MINOR SCALE may be presented as follows with a numerical value attributed to each note:

I
Eb

II
F

III
Gb

IV
Ab

V
Bb

VI
C

VII
D

1/8

2/9

b3/b10

4/11

5/12

6/13

In written musical form the Eb MELODIC MINOR SCALE is presented in this manner:
Treble Clef

Bass Clef

The Bass Fingerboard


On the bass fingerboard the notes of the Eb MELODIC MINOR SCALE shows up as follows:

When we take the various melodic minor scale patterns and we LINK them over the fingerboard it will form a
kind of MELODIC MINOR SCALE OR MELODIC MINOR KEY ROADMAP and the subsequent reproduction
of the above picture. So in order to memorize the above sequence of notes we will start by learning the
individual melodic minor scale patterns as indicated in the following section. In this chapter of Eb MELODIC
MINOR the first note or root note of each pattern will be the note Eb and when we link these melodic minor
scale patterns, well get the above picture of the key of Eb MELODIC MINOR that covers the whole extent of
the fingerboard.

The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns


The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the TOP STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

P a g e | 132

The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the SECOND STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

The single string melodic minor scale pattern with the root note on ALL FOUR STRINGS:

Single String Pattern

Intervals

I
Eb
Eb

Eb

Eb

Eb

Eb

Eb

Eb

Gb

Ab

Bb

Eb

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Octave

P a g e | 133

II
F
F

Gb

Ab

Bb

Eb

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

Gb

Gb

Gb

Gb

Gb

Gb

Gb

Ab

Bb

Eb

Gb

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Augmented
fifth interval
(#5)

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Bb

Eb

Gb

Ab

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

III
Gb

Octave

IV
Ab

Octave

P a g e | 134

V
Bb
Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Eb

Gb

Ab

Bb

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

Eb

Gb

Ab

Bb

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

Eb

Gb

Ab

Bb

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Diminished
fourth interval
(b4/b11)

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

VI
C

VII
D

P a g e | 135

Harmony: The Scale Tone Chords (triads)

1st
3rd
5th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Minor chord

Minor chord

Augmented
chord

Major chord

Major chord

Diminished
chord

Diminished
chord

Eb
Gb
Bb

F
Ab
C

Gb
Bb
D

Ab
C
Eb

Bb
D
F

C
Eb
Gb

D
F
Ab

Eb Minor

1st

Eb

3rd

Gb (b3)

5th

Bb

II

F Minor

1st

3rd

Ab (b3)

5th

P a g e | 136

III

Gb
Augmented

1st

Gb

3rd

Bb

5th

D (#5)

P a g e | 137

IV

Ab Major

1st

Ab

3rd

5th

Eb

Bb Major

1st

Bb

3rd

5th

P a g e | 138

VI

C Diminished

1st

3rd

Eb (b3)

5th

Gb (b5)

P a g e | 139

VII

1st

D Diminished

3rd

F (b3)

5th

Ab (b5)

Further Harmonization of the Scale Tone Chords in Eb Minor (Melodic)

I
1st
3rd
5th
7th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Eb Minor/Major
Seventh

F Minor
Seventh

Gb Major
Seventh sharp
Five

Ab7 (Seventh)

Bb7 (Seventh)

C Minor
Seven flat Five

D Minor Seven
flat Five

Eb
Gb
Bb
D

F
Ab
C
Eb

Gb
Bb
D
F

Ab
C
Eb
Gb

Bb
D
F
Ab

C
Eb
Gb
Bb

D
F
Ab
C

P a g e | 140

Chapter 15
THE KEY OF Ab MINOR (Melodic)
The Notes
The key of Ab MINOR (Melodic) is derived from the Ab MELODIC MINOR SCALE. The notes of the Ab
MELODIC MINOR SCALE may be presented as follows with a numerical value attributed to each note:

I
Ab

II
Bb

III
Cb

IV
Db

V
Eb

VI
F

VII
G

1/8

2/9

b3/b10

4/11

5/12

6/13

In written musical form the Ab MELODIC MINOR SCALE is presented in this manner:
Treble Clef

Bass Clef

The Bass Fingerboard


On the bass fingerboard the notes of the Ab MELODIC MINOR SCALE shows up as follows:

When we take the various melodic minor scale patterns and we LINK them over the fingerboard it will form a
kind of MELODIC MINOR SCALE OR MELODIC MINOR KEY ROADMAP and the subsequent reproduction
of the above picture. So in order to memorize the above sequence of notes we will start by learning the
individual melodic minor scale patterns as indicated in the following section. In this chapter of Ab MELODIC
MINOR the first note or root note of each pattern will be the note Ab and when we link these melodic minor
scale patterns, well get the above picture of the key of Ab MELODIC MINOR that covers the whole extent of
the fingerboard.

The Melodic Minor Scale Patterns


The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the TOP STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

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The three melodic minor scale patterns with the root note on the SECOND STRING:

Pattern to the Left

Pattern in the Center

Pattern to the Right

The single string melodic minor scale pattern with the root note on ALL FOUR STRINGS:

Single String Pattern

Intervals

I
Ab
Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Ab

Bb

Cb

Db

Eb

Ab

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Octave

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II
Bb
Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Bb

Cb

Db

Eb

Ab

Bb

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

Cb

Cb

Cb

Cb

Cb

Cb

Cb

Db

Eb

Ab

Bb

Cb

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Augmented
fifth interval
(#5)

Major sixth
interval

Major
seventh
interval

Db

Db

Db

Db

Db

Db

Db

Eb

Ab

Bb

Cb

Db

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Augmented
fourth interval
(#4/#11)

Perfect fifth
interval

Major sixth
interval

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

III
Cb

Octave

IV
Db

Octave

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V
Eb
Eb

Eb

Eb

Eb

Eb

Eb

Eb

Ab

Bb

Cb

Db

Eb

Major second
interval

Major third
interval

Perfect fourth
interval

Perfect fifth
interval

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

Ab

Bb

Cb

Db

Eb

Major second
interval

Minor third
interval (b3)

Perfect fourth
interval

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

Ab

Bb

Cb

Db

Eb

Minor second
interval
(b2/b9)

Minor third
interval (b3)

Diminished
fourth interval
(b4/b11)

Diminished
fifth interval
(b5)

Minor sixth
interval
(b6/b13)

Minor
seventh
interval (b7)

Octave

VI
F

VII
G

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Harmony: The Scale Tone Chords (triads)

1st
3rd
5th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Minor chord

Minor chord

Augmented
chord

Major chord

Major chord

Diminished
chord

Diminished
chord

Ab
Cb
Eb

Bb
Db
F

Cb
Eb
G

Db
F
Ab

Eb
G
Bb

F
Ab
Cb

G
Bb
Db

Ab Minor

1st

Ab

3rd

Cb (b3)

5th

Eb

II

Bb Minor

1st

Bb

3rd

Db (b3)

5th

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III

Cb Augmented

1st

Cb

3rd

Eb

5th

G (#5)

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IV

Db Major

1st

Db

3rd

5th

Ab

Eb Major

1st

Eb

3rd

5th

Bb

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VI

F Diminished

1st

3rd

Ab (b3)

5th

Cb (b5)

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VII

1st

G Diminished

3rd

Bb (b3)

5th

Db (b5)

Further Harmonization of the Scale Tone Chords in Ab Minor (Melodic)

I
1st
3rd
5th
7th

II

III

IV

VI

VII

Ab Minor/Major
Seventh

Bb Minor
Seventh

Cb Major
Seventh sharp
Five

Db7 (Seventh)

Eb7 (Seventh)

F Minor
Seven flat Five

G Minor Seven
flat Five

Ab
Cb
Eb
G

Bb
Db
F
Ab

Cb
Eb
G
Bb

Db
F
Ab
Cb

Eb
G
Bb
Db

F
Ab
Cb
Eb

G
Bb
Db
F