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Helly's selection theorem - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

3/18/14 6:46 PM

Helly's selection theorem

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In mathematics, Helly's selection theorem states that a sequence of functions that is locally of bounded total
variation and uniformly bounded at a point has a convergent subsequence. In other words, it is a compactness
theorem for the space BVloc. It is named for the Austrian mathematician Eduard Helly.
The theorem has applications throughout mathematical analysis. In probability theory, the result implies
compactness of a tight family of measures.

1 Statement of the theorem
2 Generalizations
3 See also
4 References

Statement of the theorem

Let U be an open subset of the real line and let fn : U R, n N, be a sequence of functions. Suppose that
(fn) has uniformly bounded total variation on any W that is compactly embedded in U. That is, for all sets
W U with compact closure W

where the derivative is taken in the sense of tempered distributions;

and (fn) is uniformly bounded at a point. That is, for some t U, { fn(t) | n N } R is a bounded set.
Then there exists a subsequence fnk, k N, of fn and a function f : U R, locally of bounded variation, such
fnk converges to f pointwise;
and fnk converges to f locally in L1 (see locally integrable function), i.e., for all W compactly embedded in

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Helly's selection theorem - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

3/18/14 6:46 PM

and, for W compactly embedded in U,

There are many generalizations and refinements of Helly's theorem. The following theorem, for BV functions
taking values in Banach spaces, is due to Barbu and Precupanu:
Let X be a reflexive, separable Hilbert space and let E be a closed, convex subset of X. Let : X [0, +) be
positive-definite and homogeneous of degree one. Suppose that zn is a uniformly bounded sequence in
BV([0, T]; X) with zn(t) E for all n N and t [0, T]. Then there exists a subsequence znk and functions
, z BV([0, T]; X) such that
for all t [0, T],

and, for all t [0, T],

and, for all 0 s < t T,

See also
Bounded variation
Frakov-Helly selection theorem
Total variation

Barbu, V.; Precupanu, Th. (1986). Convexity and optimization in Banach spaces. Mathematics and its
Applications (East European Series) 10 (Second Romanian Edition ed.). Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing
Co. xviii+397. ISBN 90-277-1761-3. MR 860772 (
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Categories: Compactness theorems Theorems in analysis's_selection_theorem

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Helly's selection theorem - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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