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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In mathematics, Helly's selection theorem states that a sequence of functions that is locally of bounded total

variation and uniformly bounded at a point has a convergent subsequence. In other words, it is a compactness

theorem for the space BVloc. It is named for the Austrian mathematician Eduard Helly.

The theorem has applications throughout mathematical analysis. In probability theory, the result implies

compactness of a tight family of measures.

Contents

1 Statement of the theorem

2 Generalizations

3 See also

4 References

Let U be an open subset of the real line and let fn : U R, n N, be a sequence of functions. Suppose that

(fn) has uniformly bounded total variation on any W that is compactly embedded in U. That is, for all sets

U,

W U with compact closure W

and (fn) is uniformly bounded at a point. That is, for some t U, { fn(t) | n N } R is a bounded set.

Then there exists a subsequence fnk, k N, of fn and a function f : U R, locally of bounded variation, such

that

fnk converges to f pointwise;

and fnk converges to f locally in L1 (see locally integrable function), i.e., for all W compactly embedded in

U,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helly's_selection_theorem

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Generalizations

There are many generalizations and refinements of Helly's theorem. The following theorem, for BV functions

taking values in Banach spaces, is due to Barbu and Precupanu:

Let X be a reflexive, separable Hilbert space and let E be a closed, convex subset of X. Let : X [0, +) be

positive-definite and homogeneous of degree one. Suppose that zn is a uniformly bounded sequence in

BV([0, T]; X) with zn(t) E for all n N and t [0, T]. Then there exists a subsequence znk and functions

, z BV([0, T]; X) such that

for all t [0, T],

See also

Bounded variation

Frakov-Helly selection theorem

Total variation

References

Barbu, V.; Precupanu, Th. (1986). Convexity and optimization in Banach spaces. Mathematics and its

Applications (East European Series) 10 (Second Romanian Edition ed.). Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing

Co. xviii+397. ISBN 90-277-1761-3. MR 860772 (http://www.ams.org/mathscinet-getitem?mr=860772)

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Helly%27s_selection_theorem&oldid=590410369"

Categories: Compactness theorems Theorems in analysis

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helly's_selection_theorem

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helly's_selection_theorem

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