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1. D

CH4 (g) + 2O2(g) CO2(g) + 2H2O(l)

C2H6(g) + 7/2O2(g) 2CO2(g) + 3 H2O(l)

The gas absorbed by KOH is CO2.

CO2(g) + 2OH-(aq) CO32-(aq) + H2O(l)

Volume of CO2 produced by CH4 = 10 cm3

Volume of CO2 produced by C2H6 = 20 cm3

Total volume = 10 + 20 = 30 cm3

2. D

Molar ration of M:O

= 0.02 : (2x0.025)

=2:5

3. C

4KClO3 3KClO4 + KCl

Amount of KClO4 produced = x 0.1 = 0.0750 mol

4. B

CxHy + (x+y/4)O2 xCO2 + y/2H2O

1 volume of CxHy produces x volumes of CO2 and y/2 volumes of H2O vapour.

Therefore, from the data, x=3 and y/2 = 2.

5. D

Aqueous NaOH absorbs CO2 and the remaining gas is N2.

Amount of urea = 0.120/60 = 2.00 x 10-3 mol

Volume of N2 = 2 x (2.00 x 10-3) x 24000 = 96.0 cm3

6. B

1 mol of H- gives 1 mol of H2. The salt with the greatest amount of H- will therefore

give the highest amount of H2.

7. D

2H2 + O2 2H2O

O2 is the limiting reagent. Therefore, max decrease in volume = 10 + 20 = 30 cm3

8. D

Let x be the number of C atoms per molecule of X. Therefore, 1 mole of X will

produce x moles of CO2 when completely burnt in O2.

Amount of X used = 0.112/22.4 = 5.00 x 10-3 mol

Amount of CO2 produced = 0.88/ (12.0 + 2(16.0)) = 2.00 x 10-2 mol

(5.00 x10-4)x = 2.00 x 10-2

x=4

9. A

Amount of H+ = amount of OH- = 0.1 x 24/1000 = 0.0024 mol (in 20 cm3)

Amount of Cl- = 0.1 x 48/1000 = 0.0048 mol (in 20 cm3)

Ratio of H+ : Cl- = 0.0024 : 0.0048 = 1 : 2

(Suggested Solutions)

10. A

H+ + OH- H2O

Amount of H+ = amount of OH- = conc x volume = 1.0 x 10-2 x 25/1000

=2.50 x 10-4 mol

2 H+ are required to remove 1 Ca2+

Amount of Ca2+ = amount of H+ = 1.25 x 10-4 mol

[Ca2+] = 1.25 x 10-4/ (50/1000) = 2.50 x 10-3 mol dm-3

11. A

CH4 + 2O2 CO2 + 2H2O

CH4 + 3/2O2 CO + 2H2O

Volume of O2 required for first equation = (y x 0.99) x 2 dm3

Volume of O2 required for second equation = (y x 0.01) x 3/2 dm3

Hence total volume of O2 required = [(y x 0.99) x 2] + [(y x 0.01) x 3/2]

= 2y 0.01y/2 dm3

13. D

2AgNO3 + BaCl2 2AgCl + Ba(NO3)2

Amount of BaCl2 = conc x vol = 0.20 x 20/1000 = 4 x 10-3 mol

Amount of AgNO3 = 2 x 4 x 10-3

Volume of AgNO3 = 8 x 10-3/ 0.10 = 0.08 dm3 = 80 cm3

14. C

mass of CaBr2 in 100 tonnes of solution = (52/100 x 100) tonnes

Mr of CaBr2 = 40 + 2(80) = 200

mass of bromine =

2(80) 52

100

200 100

160

52

200

tonnes

15. B

In B: H2 2H+ + 2eAmount of e- = 2 x amt of H2 = 2 x = 1 mol

16. D

mole ratio Hg : lipoyl group = 1:1

amount of Hg = amount of lipoyl group = (5.0 x 1.0 x 10-8) mol = 5.0 x 10-8

mass of Hg = n Ar = (5.0 x 10-8 x 200) g = 1.0 x 10-5 g

17. C

CxHy + (x+y/4)O2 xCO2 + y/2H2O

10 cm3 (70-20) cm3 30 cm3

1 vol

5 vol

3 vol

x = 3; x + y/4 = 5 y = 8

18. D

CxHy + (x+y/4)O2 xCO2 + y/2 H2O

Amount of CO2 = 0.352/44.0 = 0.00800 mol

Amount of H2O = 0.072/18.0 = 0.00400 mol

y=x

E.F. CxHx

(Suggested Solutions)

19. C

Taking X = OH, the reaction becomes:

Zn(C2H5)2 + 2H-OH Zn(OH)2 + 2C2H6

20. A

It contains the same number of atoms as 1 mol of hydrogen atoms.

One mole of any substance contains the same number (Avocadros constant

6.02 x 1023) of particles (atoms, molecules, ions).

21. C

CS2(g) + 3O2(g) CO2(g) + 2SO2(g)

20 cm3 60 cm3

20 cm3

40 cm3

Volume of unreacted O2 = 100 60 = 40 cm3

Final volume of gas = (40 +20 +40) = 100 cm3

Both CO2 and SO2 (acidic gases) are absorbed by aq alkali.

% dissolved in alkali =

20 40

100 =

100

60 %

22. A

Relative atomic mass is the ratio of the mass of one atom of the element to

1/12 of the mass of an atom of 12C isotope, expressed on the 12C scale.

23. D

CH2O + O2 CO2 + H2O

Amount of CO2 = amount of CH2O

=

1.80 1000

1.80 1000

= 60.0

12.0 2(1.0) 16.0

30.0

24. D

CnH2n+2 + ((3n+1)/2)O2 nCO2 + (n+1)H2O

Residual gas, V = CO2 and unreacted O2 at r.t.p.

For 10 cm3 of CH4

CO2 = 10 cm3

O2 unreacted = 70-20 = 50 cm3

V = 60 cm3

Only option D starts with 60 cm3.

25. B

CxHyNz + O2 xCO2 + y/2H2O + z/2N2

10 cm3 of CxHyNz, when burnt in O2, gives 10x cm3 of CO2 and 10z/2 = 5z cm3

of N2

Hence, x = 2 and z = 1

(Suggested Solutions)

26.

Barium oxide: BaO + H2SO4 BaSO4 + H2O

Barium peroxide: BaO2 + H2SO4 BaSO4 + H2O2

(a)

Barium sulfate

Amount = 1.63/ 233.1 = 0.00699 mol

2MnO4- 5H2O2

Amount of MnO4- = (24.5/1000) x 0.02 = 0.000490 mol

Amount of H2O2 = 0.00049 x 2.5 = 0.00123 mol

Amount of H2O2 = amt of BaO2 = 0.00123 mol

Mass of BaSO4 = 0.001225 x 169.0 = 0.207 g

Amount of BaSO4 fr BaO = 0.00699 0.001225 = 0.00577 mol

Mass of BaO = 0.00577 x 153.0 = 0.883 g

(b)

(c)

27.

(a) Na2CO3 (s) + 2 HCl (aq) 2 NaCl (aq) + CO2(g) + H2O (l)

(b) Amount of HCl in 50 cm3 = 0.05 x 0.1 = 0.00500 mol

Amount of pure Na2CO3 = 0.005 x = 0.00250 mol

Mass of pure Na2CO3 = 0.0025 x 106 = 0.265 g

Percentage purity of Na2CO3 = (0.265 / 1.20) x 100 = 22.1%.

28.

(a) Molar mass of compound A = 17.6 0.200

= 88.0 g mol-1

(b)

Element

C

H

% mass

54.5

13.6

RAM

12.0

1.0

% mass/ RAM

4.54

13.6

Ratio

2

6

Empirical formula is C2H6N.

(c)

Let the molecular formula be (C2H6N)n.

n = 88.0 (2 12.0 + 6 1.0 + 14.0)

= 2 (whole number)

Molecular formula is C4H12N2

N

31.8

14.0

2.27

1

29.

(a) 8H+ + MnO4- + 5Fe2+ Mn2+ + 5 Fe3+ + 4H2O

(b)

14.30

x 0.0250

1000

3.58 x 10 -4 mol

Amount of MnO4

5 x 3.575 x 10-4 x

1000

25

0.0715 mol

(c)

10.9 g

(Suggested Solutions)

30.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

31.

(a)

Or

(b)

(c)

(d)

Amount of HCl used = 26.50 10-3 0.100

= 2.65 10-3 mol

Amount of Ca(OH)2 in 25.0 cm3 = 2.65 10-3 1/2

= 1.325 10-3

= 1.33 10-3 mol

Concentration of Ca(OH)2 = (1.33 10-3) (25.0 10-3)

= 0.0532 mol dm-3

Percentage purity of sample = [(0.0532 200 10-3 74.1) 3.0] 100 %

=26.3%

M1V1 = M2V2

1.0 x 25 = M x 250

M = 0.100 mol dm-3

Amount of FeSO4 in 25.0 cm3 = 25/1000 x 1.00 = 0.0250 mol

Conc of diluted FeSO4 = 0.025 / (250/1000) = 0.100 moldm-3

10

x 0.100 = 0.00100 mol

1000

10

x 0.0250 = 0.000250 mol

1000

MnO4- : Fe2+

0.000250 : 0.00100

1 : 4

Fe2+ oxidizes to Fe3+ by losing 1 mol of e (ie Fe2+ Fe3+ + e).

Hence, for 4 mols of Fe2+, 4 mols of electron will be gained by 1 mol of MnO4-.

So, final oxidation no. of Mn = +7 - 4 = +3

25.00

0.4 0.0100

1000

0.0100

moles (I2) =

5.00 10 3

2

5.00 10 3

moles (Cr2O72-) =

1.67 10 3

3

(b)

(c)

(d)

% by mass of Na3CrO4 =

33.

0.925

100% 50.0%

1.85

a)

C

m/Ar

40.91/12.0

ratio

3.409

simplest ratio

1.00 = 3

EF = C3H4O3

b) Let MF = (C3H4O3 )n

88n = 176, hence n = 2;

MF = C6H8O6

H

4.55/1

4.55

1.34 = 4

O

54.54/16

3.409

1.00 = 3

(Suggested Solutions)

Amount of vit.C = 0.244/176 = 1.39 x 10-3 mol

Conc of vit C = 1.39 x 10-3/0.25 = 5.56 x 10-3 mol dm-3

34.

Change in volume

-10

-(4+ y/4)10

40

(y/2)10 =5y

5y + 40 -10-(4+ y/4)10 = 10

y=8

35.

[Mx . 25] /[My.20] = 5/1

[Mx.25]/[My.V] = 3/1

Ans = 33.3 cm3

36.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Mx/My = 4

V = [25 x 4]/3 = 33.3

5SO32- + 2 MnO4- + 6H+ 2Mn2+ + 3H2O + 5SO42Amount of MnO4- = 0.02 x 0.03 = 6.00 x 10-4 mol

Amount of Na2SO3 = 5/2 x 6 x 10-4= 1.50 x 10-3 mol

Mass of in 1 kg of meat = 1.5 x 10-3 x 126 = 1.89 x 10-1g

Mass of in 106 g meat = 1.89 x 10-1 x 103 g = 189 g i.e. 189 p.p.m.

1 mol SO32- 1 mol SO2 2 mol HCl

Amount of HCl = 2 x 1.5 x 10-3 = 3.00 x 10-3 mol

Vol. of HCl needed = (3 x 10-3) 0.1 = 3.00 x 10-2 dm3 or 30.0 cm3

37.

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

4190

= 182.2 = 182 mol

23

Mass of H2 = 182.2 x 2 = 364 g

Volume of air displaced = 4190 cm3

there should be 182 moles of air.

Mass of air displaced = 182.2 x 29 = 5283.8 g

= 5280 g

Upthrust = mass of air displaced = mass of H2 + load

Load = 5283.8 364.4 = 4919.4 g = 4.92 kg

Amount of H2 gas =

(b)

(ii) Mr of carbohydrate = 30 n

1200

40

Amount of carbohydrate =

=

mol

30n

n

40

Amount of O2 =

x n = 40.0 mol

n

(iii) Assuming that there are 365 days per year.

Amount of O2 required = 40 x (70x365) = 1.02 x 106 mol

25

(i) C8H18(l) +

O2(g) 8CO2(g) + 9H2O(l)

2

(ii) Mass of octane = density x volume = 0.7 x (6 x 103) = 4200g

mass

4200

Amount of octane =

=

= 36.8 mol

Mr

114

25

(iii) Amount of O2 required =

x 36.84 = 461 mol

2

(Suggested Solutions)

(c)

using 1.022 x 106 mol of O2,

1.022 106

Distance travelled =

x 100 = 2.22 x 105 km

460.5

1

(ii) CaSO3 + O2 CaSO4

2

(b)

(i) CaCO3 + SO2 CaSO3 + CO2

Amount of SO2 = amount of CaCO3 =

mass of SO2 = (

3 10

3 105 ) 106

100.1

) 10

x 64.1) = 1.92 x 1011 g = 1.92 x 105 tonnes

100.1

5

1

O2 CaSO4

2

CaCO3 CaSO3 CaSO4

Amount of CaSO4 = amount of CaCO3

3 105 ) 106 x 136.2) = 4.08 x 1011 g = 4.08 x 105 tonnes

mass of CaSO4 = (

100.1

(c)

90 % of SO2 removed from waste gases;

10 % of SO2 is released into atmosphere

10

mass of SO2 = (

1.92 105 ) 1.92 x 104 g

100

(ii)

CaSO3 +

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