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Experience On Safety And Security


Of Radioactive Sources
NUSANTARA TECHNOLOGIES SDN BHD
(187753-D)

Presented by :
Dato Mohamed Razali B. Dato Mohamed
Yusoff

NUSANTARA TECHNOLOGIES
SDN BHD

The company was established since January


1991 and has been practicing in Radiography
Testing ever since.
One objective of our mission is to provide
the highest quality of service, which complies
with safety requirement of OSHA Act 1994 &
Atomic Energy Licensing Act 1984 (Act 304).

INTRODUCTION

The company involved in radiography


activities shall register with AELB (LPTA)
and has a valid license as per Atomic
Energy Licensing Act 1984.

ACT AND REGULATIONS


SAFETY & SECURITY

The industrial radiography activities are


governed by the following regulations :
The Atomic Energy Licensing Act 1984 (Act
304).
The Radiation Protection ( Licensing)
Regulations 1980.
The Radiation Protection (Basic Safety
Standards) Regulations 1988.
The
h Radiation
d
Protection (Transport)
(
)
Regulations 1989.

SAFETY ON RADIOACTIVE
SOURCES

Acts and Regulations


Company established working procedure should be in
compliance with Safety Acts and Regulations therein.
Personnel
p y to employ
p y competent
p
personnel
p
to handle
Company
radioactive sources.
Equipment
i
Company to use equipment approved by AELB.

ESTABLISHED RADIOGRAPHY
WORKING PROCEDURE

Our working procedure is established in


compliance
li
with
i h Act
A and
d Regulation
R
l i to
protect the interest of our workers and
p
the public as well.

RADIOGRAPHY WORKING
PROCEDURES
Prior to Radiography Operation :

Permission to work ( Work Permit).


I f
Inform
LPTA on Radiography
R di
h Activity.
A ti it
Prepare radiography equipment and related
accessories.
Select best radiography
g p y technique
q which
uses the least radiation exposure.

RADIOGRAPHY WORKING
PROCEDURES
contd
Radiation workers to check the following instruments and documents
available :

Checklist Document.
Copy of Company License.
Record of Radiography Work informed to LPTA
LPTA.
Workers Radiation Card.
Film badge.
Permit to work
work.
Gamma Projector or X-Ray machine c/w Calibration Certificate.
Decay chart of Isotope.
Survey Meter c/w Calibration Certificate
Certificate.
Record of Boundary :- .
- Calculation of boundary
- Sketch of working area.

Prior to Radiography Operation


(contd)

Establish the Boundary.

Prior to Radiography Operation


(contd)
Properly

connect the winder and guide tube onto the projector.

Prior to Radiography Operation (cont


(contd)
d)
Setting

up source on the item which is to be radiographed.

WORKING PROCEDURE
During Radiographic Operation
Survey
the supervision area and the
boundaries.
Ensure radiation
d
l
level
l at the
h boundary
b
d
is safe.
f
Ensure and monitor non-radiography workers
d not trespass the
do
h radiation
d
working
k
area.
Team Leader or Supervisor to ensure his
assistant or trainee strictly
l follows
f ll
safety
f
procedure.

During Radiographic Operation


Survey the supervision area and the boundaries.

AFTER RADIOGRAPHIC OPERATION

Team leader or Supervisor shall ensure all


radiography equipment including source,
warning sign and notices have been removed
from the site.
The radiation surveyy should be conducted
before the site is vacated upon completion of
work.
The radiography team shall inform the person
responsible at the site before leaving the site.

AFTER RADIOGRAPHIC OPERATION


Inform the person in-charge, the RT activities had been
completed.

LPTA VISIT AT WORK-SITE


(PREMISES)

LPTA may visit work-site during


radiography operation to observe or
to check proper radiography activity
being practiced is in compliance with
procedures and the Atomic Energy
Licensing Act 1984 (Act 304).

PERSONNEL
Company shall employ qualified personnel to handle
radioactive material.
material
Radiation Protection Officer (RPO)
Technically competent to supervise and implement
appropriate radiation protection regulations.

Operators
A person who is technically competent and qualified to
operate radioactive equipments.

PERSONNEL
Training of Radiation Workers

Keep reminding of safety procedures.


Emphasis
h
on ALARA concept.
Emphasize best radiography technique.
Sh i radiography
Sharing
di
h techniques
h i
and
d
experiences.
Train for emergency cases
cases.
Work as group or team.

Training of Radiation Workers

Training for Emergency Case

Bad Practice in Radiography Activity


Pulling

guide tube to move the projector.

Bad Practice in Radiography


g p y Activity
y

Improper handling
of the projector

Bad Practice in Radiography Activity

Guide tube or winder is not properly set (winder or


guide tube should not be sharply bent) .

Bad Practice in Radiography Activity

Do not stay in supervision area.

Equipments

Company to use equipment approved


by AELB equipment.

X-RAY
MACHINE

GAMMA RAY
PROJECTOR

Equipments ctd
ct d

Radiation Survey/Monitoring Equipments.

Survey Meter

Beeper
Dosimeter
Film
Badge

Whistle

Equipments ctd

Safety Equipments.

Lead
ead Sheet
S eet

Lead Pot
Lead Shoot

L d Glove
Lead
Gl

Cutter

Equipment
q p
maintenance and
calibration

Radioactive Equipment shall be


maintained and calibrated annually by
the approved center.
Parts that are damaged, need to be
replaced.
l
d

Equipment
q p
maintenance and
calibration

Do not use faulty equipment.

Equipment
q p
maintenance and
calibration

Winding cable damaged. Do not use this winder.

Damage part

SECURITY OF RADIOACTIVE
MATERIAL

Acts and Regulations


Security of the radioactive material shall be in
compliance with Acts and Regulations.
Storage
Radioactive material shall be stored in proper storage
pit.
pit
Transportation
Radioactive material shall be transported by
companys transport with proper radiation signage
and label.

ISOTOPE STORAGE (BOMP-PIT)

When the radiation


equipment (sealed source)
is not in use, it shall be
stored in a storage pit
pit.
The bomb-pit shall be
approved
d by
b LPTA before
b f
it
can be used.
The dose rate at the fence
of storage pit shall be less
than 2.5uSv/h.
2 5uSv/h

ISOTOPE STORAGE (BOMP-PIT)

Stick radiation signage and label at wall and door of bomp-pit storage .

TRANSPORTATION

Radioactive Material shall be transported by Companys


transport with proper radiation signage and label.

THE END
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