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Sl.

No
1
2
3
4
5
6

Type
MS SQUARE
MS ROUND
SS ROUND
SS / MS CIRCLE
SS sheet
S.S HEXAGONAL BAR
BRASS SHEET

7
COPPER SHEET
8
9

BRASS / COPPER PIPE


ALUMINUM SHEET

10
11

ALUMINIUM PIPE

Rounds =
Squares =
Hexagons* =
Octagons* =
Plates, Sheets & Flats =
Plate Circles =
Round Tubing =
Square Tubing =
Rectangular Tubing =
* Diameter is measured across the flats.
O.D. = Outside Diameter
W.T. = Wall Thickness
SL = Long Side
SS = Short Side

GENERAL FORMULAS
Cost per Hundred Feet =
Cost per Hundred Weight =
Area of a Circle =
Circumference of a Circle =
Diameter of a Circle =
Area of a Triangle =
Area of a Rectangle =
Area of a Square =
Area of Parallelogram =
Side of an Inscribed Equal
Square for a Circle =
Side of a Square x 1.4142 =
Doubling the Diameter of a Circle increases the area of the Circle four times.
Doubling the diameter of a Pipe increases its capacity four times.

METRIC
CONVERSION FORMU
LAS
Millimeters x .03937 = Inches
Meters x 3.2809 = Feet
Kilometers x .621377 = Miles
Liters x 61.023 = Cubic Inches
Liters x .26418 = U.S. Gallons
Grams x .03527 = Ounces
Metric Ton x .9072 = U.S. Ton
Metric Ton = 2205#

Weight calculators for


metal bars, plates and
tubes.
Section
Round
Hexagon
Square
Flat

Weight Calculator for metal bars


Simply take the diameter or the measurement across flats in millimetres and square it (in the case of

Weight Calculator for steel plates


Dimension A in metres x dimension B in metres x thickness in millimetres x 7.85 = weight of plate in

Weight Calculator for steel tubes


Sizes in millimetres to be used.
Outside diameter wall thickness x wall thickness x 0.02466 = weight per metre in kg.

Foumula
WIDTH X WIDTH X 0.00000785 X LENGTH (mm)
3.14 X 0.00000785 X ((diameter / 2)X( diameter / 2)) X LENGTH (mm)
OD ( mm) W.Tthick(mm) X W.Thick (mm) X (0.0248(m)/ 0.00756(ft.))
DIA(mm) X DIA (mm) X THICK(mm) 0.0000063
Length (Mtr/ft.) X Width (Mtr/ft.) X Thick(mm/inch) X 8 (m) or 3/4 (ft.)
DIA (mm) X DIA (mm) X 0.00680 (m) or 0.002072(ft.)
LENGTH (MM) X BREADTH (MM) X 0. 0000085 X THICKNESS

LENGTH (MM) X BREADTH (MM) X 0. 0000087 X THICKNESS


OD (mm) THICK (mm) X THICK(mm) X 0.0260
LENGTH (MM) X BREADTH (MM) X 0. 00000026 X THICKNESS
OD (mm) THICK(mm) X THICK(mm) X0.0083

29.155
9.0477868423

Diameter squared x 2.67 = Weight in pounds per Linear Foot.


Diameter squared x 3.4 = Weight in pounds per Linear Foot.
Diameter squared x 2.945 = Weight in pounds per Linear Foot.
Diameter squared x 2.817 = Weight in pounds per Linear Foot.
Thickness x Width x 3.45 = Weight in pounds per Linear Foot.
Diameter squared x thickness x .2225 = Weight per Circle.
10.68 x (O.D. W.T.) x W.T.
13.6 x (O.D. W.T.) x W.T.
13.6 x [(SL + SS) W.T.] x W.T.

measured across the flats.

e Diameter

hickness

de

Cost per Hundred Weight x Weight per Foot.


Cost per Hundred Feet / Weight per Foot.
Diameter x Diameter x 0.7854
Diameter x 3.1416
Circumference x 0.31831
Base x Perpendicular Height x 0.5
Width x Length
Side x Side
Base x Altitude

Diameter x 0.8862
Diameter of Circumscribed Circle
Doubling the Diameter of a Circle increases the area of the Circle four times.
Doubling the diameter of a Pipe increases its capacity four times.

Inches x 25.40 = Millimeters


Feet x .3048 = Meters
Miles x 1.6093 = Kilometers
Cubic Inches x .01639 = Liters
U.S. Gallons x 3.7854 = Liters
Ounces x 28.350 = Grams
U.S. Ton x 1.1023 = Metric Ton
Metric Ton = 2205#

Steel
0.00616
0.00679
0.00785
0.00785

tor for metal bars

ameter or the measurement across flats in millimetres and square it (in the case of flats, dimension A x dimension B) t

tor for steel plates

etres x dimension B in metres x thickness in millimetres x 7.85 = weight of plate in kgs

tor for steel tubes

s to be used.
wall thickness x wall thickness x 0.02466 = weight per metre in kg.

Example

Calculation/M

A Square of size 25mm and length 1 metre then


the weight shall be
A Round of 20mm diameter and length 1 metre
then the weight shall be
The weight of brass sheet of thickness 1 mm,

49.063
7.889
77.4144

3.681
length 1220mm and breadth 355mm shall be
The weight of coppper sheet of thickness 1 mm,
3.768
length 1220mm and breadth 355mm shall be
The weight of Aluminum sheet of thickness 1
mm, length 2500mm and breadth 1250 mm shall
be
-

0.9144
914.4

8.125

6.096

Cast iron

Brass

0.00573

0.00661

0.00632

0.00733

0.0073

0.00858

0.0073

0.00858

, dimension A x dimension B) then use the appropriate multiplier from the table above to give the weight in kilograms p

12.192

96.182688

Copper

Phos Bronze Aluminium

Titanium

0.00701

0.00694

0.00213

0.00353

0.00772

0.00765

0.00225

0.00389

0.00893

0.00885

0.0026

0.0045

0.00893

0.00885

0.0026

0.0045

ble above to give the weight in kilograms per metre.

Annulus Shape
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Circle Calculator
1
2
3
4
5
6

Parallelogram Shape Calculator

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

15
16

Rectangle Calculator
1
2
3
4
5
6

Regular Polygon Calculator


1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Rhombus Calculator
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

14

Square Calculator
1
2
3
4
5
6

Stadium Calculator
1
2
3
4
5

Equilateral Triangles Calculator


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Isosceles Triangles Calculator


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Right Triangles Calculator


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Capsule Calculator

Circular Cone Calculator


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Circular Cylinder Calculator

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Cube Calculator
1
2
3
4

Conical Frustum Calculator


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Hemisphere Calculator

Annulus Shape
Outer circumference
Inner circumference
Surface area of the space enclosed by the outer circle
Surface area of the space enclosed by the inner circle
Surface area of the annulus
Calculate inner radius | Given outer radius, area enclosed by the inner circle
Calculate outer radius | Given inner radius, outer circumference

Circle Calculator
Diameter of Circle
Area of Circle
Circumference of Circle
Area of Sector
Given the area of a circle calculate the radius
Given the circumference of a circle calculate the radius

Parallelogram Shape Calculator

Corner Angles: A, B, C, D

Area: K, with A and B in radians


Height: h
Diagonals: p, q
Perimeter: P
Given angle A calculate angles B
Given angle A and side a calculate height and angles B
Given angle A and height calculate side a
Given the perimeter and side a calculate side b
Given area and side b calculate height
Given side b and height calculate area
Given side lengths and diagonal p calculate angles A
Given side lengths and height calculate the angles A

Given side length a, angle A and area calculate the diagonals


Given side length a and the diagonals calculate the perimeter

Rectangle Calculator
Area of Rectangle
Perimeter of Rectangle
Polygon diagonals of a rectangle
Given area and side length a calculate perimeter
Given perimeter and side length a or b calculate area
Given diagonals and side length b or a calculate area

Regular Polygon Calculator


Side Length a
Inradius r
Circumradius R
Area A
Perimeter P
Interior Angle x
Exterior Angle y

Rhombus Calculator
Corner Angles: A, B, C, D

Area: K
Height: h
Diagonals: p, q
Perimeter: P
Given the perimeter calculate side a
Given side length and angle A calculate the diagonals
Given side length and diagonal p calculate the angles A
Given side length and diagonal q calculate the angles A
Given
Given
Given
Given

side length and area calculate the angles A


area and height calculate side length
diagonal p and area calculate the diagonal q
diagonal q and area calculate the diagonal p

Given diagonal p and area calculate the side length

Square Calculator
Area of square
Perimeter of square
Polygon diagonals of a square
Side of a Square
Given the length of a side calculate the diagonal
Given the perimeter calculate the side length

Stadium Calculator
Area of a stadium
Perimeter of a stadium
Given the radius (r) and area (A) of a stadium calculate the side (a)
Given the radius (r) and perimeter (P) of a stadium calculate the side (a)
Given the side (a) and perimeter (P) of a stadium calculate the radius (r

Equilateral Triangles Calculator


Perimeter of Equilateral Triangle
Semiperimeter of Equilateral Triangle
Area of Equilateral Triangle
Altitude of Equilateral Triangle h
Angles of Equilateral Triangle
Sides of Equilateral Triangle
Given the perimeter find the side
Given the semiperimeter find the side
Given the area find the side
Given the altitude find the side

Isosceles Triangles Calculator


Sides of Isosceles Triangle
Angles of Isosceles Triangle
Altitudes of Isosceles Triangle
Perimeter of Isosceles Triangle
Semiperimeter of Isosceles Triangle
Area of Isosceles Triangle
Altitude a of Isosceles Triangle: ha
Altitude b of Isosceles Triangle: hb
Altitude c of Isosceles Triangle: hc

Right Triangles Calculator


Pythagorean Theorem for Right Triangle
Perimeter of Right Triangle
Semiperimeter of Right Triangle
Area of Right Triangle
Altitude a of Right Triangle
Altitude b of Right Triangle
Altitude c of Right Triangle
Given sides a and b find side c
Given sides a and c find side b

Capsule Calculator
Volume of a capsule
Surface area of a capsule
Circumference of a capsule
Given the volume and radius of a capsule calculate the side a
Given the surface area and radius of a capsule calculate the side a
Given the circumference and side a of a capsule calculate the radius

Circular Cone Calculator


Slant Height(s) of Cone
Volume of Cone (v)
Lateral surface area of a cone
Curved Surface Area(CSA) of Cone
Total Surface Area(A) of Cone
Height Calculation
Given radius and volume calculate the height
Given radius and lateral surface area calculate the slant height
Given radius and total surface area calculate the slant height
Given height and slant height calculate the radius
Given height and volume calculate the radius
Given slant height and lateral surface area calculate the radius

Circular Cylinder Calculator

Calculate volume of a cylinder


Calculate the lateral surface area of a cylinder (just the curved outside)
Calculate the top and bottom surface area of a cylinder (2 circles)
Total surface area of a closed cylinder
Given
Given
Given
Given

radius and volume calculate the height


radius and lateral surface area calculate the height
height and lateral surface area calculate the radius
height and volume calculate the radius

Cube Calculator
Volume of a cube
Surface area of a cube
Face diagonal of a cube
Diagonal of the solid cube

Conical Frustum Calculator


Slant height of a conical frustum
Volume of a conical frustum

Lateral surface area of a conical frustum

Top surface area of a conical frustum (a circle)


Base surface area of a conical frustum (a circle)

Total surface area of a conical frustum


Given radius1, radius2 and slant height calculate the height
Given radius1, radius2 and volume calculate the height
Given radius1, radius2 and lateral surface area calculate the slant height
Given radius1, radius2 and total surface area calculate the slant height

Hemisphere Calculator
Volume of a hemisphere
Circumference of the base of a hemisphere
Curved surface area of a hemisphere (1 side, external only)

Calculate the base surface area of a hemisphere (a circle)


Total surface area of a hemisphere
Given the volume of a hemisphere calculate the radius
Given the curved surface area of a hemisphere calculate the radius
Given the total surface area of a hemisphere calculate the radius
Given the circumference of a hemisphere calculate the radius

r1 = outer radius

C1 = 2r1

r2 = inner radius

C2 = 2r2

C1 = outer circumference

A1 = r12

C2 = inner circumference

A2 = r22

A0 = shaded area

A0 = A1 - A2, = (r1 ) - (r2 )


= (r12 - r22)
2

r2 = (A2 / )
r1 = C1 / 2

A1 = area of circle of r1
A2 = area of circle of r2

= pi = 3.14159
= square root

2xR
r2 or d2/4 or Pi() x R2 x /360
2r
arc (angle in degree)
r = (A / )
r = C / 2

r = radius
C = circumference
A = area

= pi = 3.14159
= square root

a = sides a lengths

A = C, B = D,
A + B = 180 = radians,
for parallelo not a
rectangle/square:
0 < A< 90 (0 < A < /2)
or, 90 < B < 180 (/2 < B <
)
K = bh = ab sin(A) = ab sin(B)
h = a sin(A) = a sin(B)

b = sides b lengths (base)


p and q diagonal lengths
h = height

p = ( a2 + b2 - 2ab cos(A) )
q = ( a2 + b2 + 2ab cos(A) )
P = 2a + 2b
B = 180 - A
h = a sin(A)
a = h / sin(A)
b = (P - 2a) / 2
h=K/b
K = bh
A = arccos( (p2 - a2 - b2) / (-2ab) )
A = arcsin(h/a)

A, B, C, D = corner angles
K = area
P = perimeter

= pi = 3.14159
= square root

b = K / (a sin(A))
b = ( (p2 + q2 - 2a2) / 2 )

A = ab
P = 2a + 2b

a = length side a
b = length side b

p = q = (a2 + b2)
b=A/a
b = (P - 2a or 2b) / 2

p = q = diagonals
P = perimeter
A = area

a = (p2 - b2 or a2)

= square root

a = 2r tan(/n) = 2R sin(/n)
r = (1/2)a cot(/n) = R cos(/n)
R = (1/2) a csc(/n) = r sec(/n)
A = (1/4)na2 cot(/n) = nr2 tan(/n)
P = na
x = ((n-2) / n) radians = (((n-2)/n) x 180 ) degrees
y = (2 / n) radians = (360 / n) degrees

A = C, B = D, A + B = 180 =
radians, for a rhombus that is
not a square: 0 < A< 90 (0 <
A < /2), 90 < B < 180 (/2
< B < )
K = ah = a2 sin(A) = a2 sin(B) = pq/2
h = ha = hb or a sin(A) = a sin(B)
p = a ( 2 - 2 cos(A) ) = a ( 2 + 2 cos(B) )
q = a ( 2 + 2 cos(A) ) = a ( 2 - 2 cos(B) )
p2 + q2 = 4a2

P = 4a
a=P/4
p = ( 2a2 - 2a2 cos(A) )
q = ( 2a2+ 2a2 cos(A) )
A = arccos( 1 - (p2 / 2a2) )
A = arccos( 1 + (q2 / 2a2) )
A = arcsin(K/a2)
a=K/h
q = 2K / p
p = 2K / q

a = (p2 + q2) / 2

A = a2
P = 4a

a = side length
q = diagonal length

q = (2a2) = a2
a = A, a = P/4, a = q / 2
q = a2
a = P/4

P = perimeter
A = area
= square root

A = r2 + 2 x r x a
P = 2 x (r + a)

r = radius
a = length side a

a = (A - (r2)) / (2 x r)
a = (P / 2) - (r)
r = (P / 2) - (a / )

A = area
P = perimeter

= pi = 3.14159

A = angle A
a = side a
B = angle B

P = 3a
s = 3a / 2
K = (1/4) x 3 x a2
h = (1/2) x 3 x a
A = B = C = 60

a
a
a
a
a

=
=
=
=
=

b=c
P/3
2s / 3
[ (4 / 3) x K ] = 2 x [ K / 3 ]
(2 / 3) x h

b = side b
C = angle C
c = side c
K = area
P = perimeter
s = semiperimeter
h = altitude

a=c
A=C
ha = hc
P = a + b + c = 2a + b
s = (a + b + c) / 2 = a + (b/2)

A = angle A
a = side a
B = angle B
b = side b
C = angle C
c = side c

K = (b/4) x (4a2 - b2)

K = area

ha = (b/2a) x (4a - b )
2

P = perimeter

(1/2) x (4a - b )
2

(b/2a) x (4a2 - b2)

See Diagram Below:


ha = altitude of a
hb = altitude of b

hc = altitude of c

A = angle A

a +b =c
P=a+b+c
s = (a + b + c) / 2
K = (a x b) / 2
ha = b
hb = a
hc = (a x b) / c
2

a = side a
B = angle B
b = side b
C = angle C
c = side c
K = area
P = perimeter

c = (a2 + b2)
b = (c2 - a2)

See Diagram Below:


ha = altitude of a
hb = altitude of b
hc = altitude of c

V = r2((4/3)r + a)
V = r2((4/3)r + a)
C = 2r

r = radius
a = side length
V = volume

a = (V/(r2)) - (4r/3)
a = (S / 2r) - 2r
r = C / 2

S = surface area
C = circumference

= pi = 3.14159
= square root

s = (r2 + h2)
V = (1/3)r2h

r = radius

L = rs = r(r + h )
rs

h = height
s = slant height

A = L + B = rs + r2 = r(s + r) = r(r + (r2 + h2))

V = volume

h = (s - r )

L = lateral surface area

h = (3 * v) / (r2)

B = base surface area

s = L / (r)

A = total surface area

s = [A - (r )] / (r)

= pi = 3.14159

r = (s2 - h2)
r = [ (3 * v) / ( * h) ]
r = L / ( * s)

= square root

V = r2h
L = 2rh

r = radius
h = height

T = B = r2

V = volume

A = L + T + B = 2rh + 2(r ) = 2r(h+r)

L = lateral surface area

h = V / r
h = L/2r
r = L/2h
r = ( V / h )

T = top surface area


B = base surface area
A = total surface area

= pi = 3.14159
= square root

V = a3

a = side lengths

S = 6a2
f = a2
d = a3

f = face diagonal
d = solid diagonal
S = surface area
V = volume

r1 = radius1

s = ((r1 - r2)2 + h2)


V = (1/3) *
(r1 * r2))

http://www.calculatorso

* h * (r1 + r2 +
2

r2 = radius2

S = * (r1 + r2) * s = *
(r1 + r2) * ((r1 - r2)2 + h2)

h = height

T = r1

s = slant height

B = r2

http://www.calculatorso

V = volume

* (r12 + r22 + (r1 + r2) *


s) = * [ r12 + r22 + (r1 + r2) *
A=

((r1 - r2)2 + h2) ]

L = lateral surface area

h = (s2 - (r1 - r2)2)

T = top surface area

h = (3 * v) / ( * (r1 + r2 +
(r1 * r2)))

B = base surface area

s = S / ( * (r1 + r2))

A = total surface area

s = [A/ - r12 - r22] / (r1 + r2)

= pi = 3.14159

= square root

V = (2/3)r3

r = radius

C = 2 r

C = base circumference

A = 2 r

V = volume

B = r2

A = curved surface area

K = (2r2) + (r2) = 3r2

B = base surface area

r = cuberoot(3V / 2)

K = total surface area

r = (A / 2)

= pi = 3.14159

r = (K / 3)

= square root

r = C / 2

http://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/geometry-plane/annulus.php

cumference

cumference

ngths (base)
nal lengths

corner angles

http://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/geometry-plane/circle.php
0.009646
75.72173

http://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/geometry-plane/parallelogram.php

http://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/geometry-plane/rectangle.php

r = inradius (apothem)
http://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/geometry-plane/polygon.php
R = circumradius
a = side length
n = number of sides
x = interior angle
y = exterior angle
A = area
P = perimeter

= pi = 3.14159 ...
= square root

a = side lengths
p and q diagonal lengths
h = height
A, B, C, D = corner angles
K = area
P = perimeter

= pi = 3.14159
= square root

http://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/geometry-plane/rhomb

http://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/geometry-plane/squares.php

http://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/geometry-plane/stadium.php

http://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/geometry-plane/triangles-equilateral.php

http://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/geometry-plane/triangles-isosceles.php

http://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/geometry-plane/triangles-right.php

http://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/geometry-solids/capsule.php

http://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/geometry-solids/cone.php
= slant height
= volume
= lateral surface area
= base surface area
= total surface area
= pi = 3.14159
= square root

http://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/geometry-solids/cylinder.php
= volume
= lateral surface area
= top surface area
= base surface area
= total surface area
= pi = 3.14159
= square root

ttp://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/geometry-solids/cube.php

ttp://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/geometry-solids/conicalfrustum.php

umference

http://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/geometry-solids/hemisphere.php

urface area

logram.php

ane/polygon.php

eometry-plane/rhombus.php

phere.php

Theoretical

Approx Weight at Site in

S.No

Material

Weight
in(KG/M)

Kg

Per

Cement

1440

50

Bag

Steel

7850

d/162

Dry

1600

50 to 55

farma

River

1840

57 to 63

farma

Stone(basalt)

2850 to 2960

48 to 52

farma

Water

1000

liter

PCC

2240

8.24 to 8.5

Cube mould

RCC 2% Steel

2420

Bricks

1.9 to 2

no

4.8 to 4.9

no

Sand3

1600 to 1920

Brick Masonry

1920

10

Soil(damp)

1760

50 to 55

cft

11

Cement concrete
block(solid)

1800

18 to 20

cft

10 to 11

no

12

Cement Mortar

2080

57 to 62

cft

13

Lime Mortar

1760

48 to 52

cft

14

Lime

640

30

bag

15

Glass

2530

0.9 to 0.95

sft

16

Teak Wood

670 to 830

18 to 20

cft

17

Sal Wood

990

22 to 24

cft

18

Marble mosaic tile

2.8 to 3.2

no

4.8 to 5.2

no

19

Chequered tile

2.5 to 2.8

no

20

Glazed tile15x15cm

0.20 to 0.25

no

21

Marble Stone

2620

5.1

sft

22

Granite Stone

2460-2800

5.35

sft

23

Coddappa

2720

6.4

sft

24

A.C.sheet corrugated

16

1.2

sft

25

Bitumen
Window frame (simple
design)
Door Frame

1040

220

Drum

1.9 to2.1

sft

25 to 27

no

26
27

a)30070

b)26x70

24 to 26

no

Remarks

d -dia in mm
1 farma=1.25cft
1 farma=1.25cft
metal 12mm to 20mm

cube mould
size=15x15x15cm

9x4x2 3/4
9x6x3 3/4
Black cotton
30x15x20 cm
30x10x20 cm

4mm tk plain

25x25x22mm
30x30x25mm
25x25x22mm
5mm tk
3/4tk
3/4tk
1 1/4tk

200liter drum

section 4x2 1/2

section 4x2 1/2

Density
Material

kg/m3 or kg/m2

lb/yd3

Clay, dry
Clay, wet
Clay, dry lump
Clay, compacted
Dirt, dry loam
Dirt, moist
Dirt, wet
Dirt, dense
Dirt, packed
Granite, broken
Gravel, dry, loose
Gravel, natural with sand
Gravel, dry 1/4 to 2 inch
Gravel, wet 1/4 to 2 inch
Limestone, broken
Limestone, pulverized
Sand with Gravel, dry
Sand with gravel, wet
Sand, dry

1,089
1,826
1,073
1,746
1,249
1,442
1,602
2,002
1,522
1,650
1,522
1,922
1,682
1,682
1,554
1,394
1,650
2,020
1,602

1836
3078
1809
2943
2105
2431
2700
3374
2565
2781
2565
3240
2835
2835
2619
2350
2781
3405
2700

Aluminum
Asphalt, crushed
Brick, common red
Cast Iron
Cement, Portland

2,739

1,506

171 lb/ft3
45 lb/ft3
120 lb/ft3
450 lb/ft3
94 lb/ft3

Concrete, Limestone w/Portland

2,370

148 lb/ft3

Concrete, Gravel
Crushed Stone

2,400
1,600

150 lb/ft3
100 lb/ft3

Earth, loam dry excavated

1,440

90 lb/ft3

Earth, packed
Glass, window
Gravel, loose, dry
Gravel, with sand

1,520

1,920

95 lb/ft3
161 lb/ft3
95 lb/ft3
120 lb/ft3

3/8 inch Gypsum or Plaster Board

7.62 kg/m2

1.56 lb/ft2

1/2 inch Gypsum or Plaster Board

10.2 kg/m2

2.08 lb/ft2

5/8 inch Gypsum or Plaster Board

12.7 kg/m2

2.60 lb/ft2

Ice, crushed

593

37.0 lb/ft3

Ice, solid

919

57.4 lb/ft3

721
1,920
7,208

2580
1,520

lb/ft3

Limestone
Marble, solid

2,739
2,560

171 lb/ft3
160 lb/ft3

Mineral Fiber fiberglass Insulation

32

2.0 lb/ft3

Mud, packed
Oyster Shells, ground

1,906
849

119 lb/ft3
53 lb/ft3

Extruded Polystyrene Insulation

29

1.8 lb/ft3

Expanded Polystyrene Insulation

24

1.5 lb/ft3

Polyurethane Insulation
Porcelain
Sand, dry
Snow, compacted
Snow, freshly fallen
Tar
Vermiculite

24

641

1.5 lb/ft3
150 lb/ft3
100 lb/ft3
30 lb/ft3
10 lb/ft3
72 lb/ft3
40 lb/ft3

Water

1,000

62.4 lb/ft3

Wool

1,310

82 lb/ft3

Framing Lumber Douglas Fir

561

2,400
1,600
480
160
1,150

2X4 = 1.28 lb/linear ft


2X6 = 2.00 lb/linear ft
2X8 = 2.64 lb/linear ft
2X10 = 3.37 lb/linear ft

35 lb/ft3

2X12 = 4.10 lb/linear ft


4X4 = 2.98 lb/linear ft
6X6 = 7.35 lb/linear ft
6X8 = 10.0 lb/linear ft
4 inch Brick w/" mortar

673

42 lb/ft3

8 inch Concrete Block w/" mortar

881

55 lb/ft3

12 inch Concrete Block w/"


mortar

1,281

80 lb/ft3

1/4 inch Plywood

3.47 kg/m2

0.710 lb/ft2

3/8 inch Plywood

5.18 kg/m2

1.06 lb/ft2

1/2 inch Plywood

6.93 kg/m2

1.42 lb/ft2

5/8 inch Plywood

8.64 kg/m2

1.77 lb/ft2

3/4 inch Plywood

10.4 kg/m2

2.13 lb/ft2

Asphalt Roofing Shingles


1/4 in. Slate Shingles

15 kg/m2
49 kg/m2

3.0 lb/ft2
10 lb/ft2

Aluminum Roofing 26 gauge

1.5 kg/m2

0.3 lb/ft2

Steel Roofing 29 gauge5

3.9 kg/m2

0.8 lb/ft2

Built-Up 3 Ply & Gravel Roofing

27 kg/m2

5.5 lb/ft2

Bank Sand

1,483

2,500 lb/yd3

Torpedo Sand

1,602

2,700 lb/yd3

Framing Steel

7,849

490 lb/ft3

Table of Atomic Elements and Weights


Atomic Number

Element Name

Atomic Symbol

Atomic Weight (g/mol)

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44

Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
Boron
Carbon
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Fluorine
Neon
Sodium
Magnesium
Aluminum
Silicon
Phosphorus
Sulfur
Chlorine
Argon
Potassium
Calcium
Scandium
Titanium
Vanadium
Chromium
Manganese
Iron
Cobalt
Nickel
Copper
Zinc
Gallium
Germanium
Arsenic
Selenium
Bromine
Krypton
Rubidium
Strontium
Yttrium
Zirconium
Niobium
Molybdenum
Technetium
Ruthenium

H
He
Li
Be
B
C
N
O
F
Ne
Na
Mg
Al
Si
P
S
Cl
Ar
K
Ca
Sc
Ti
V
Cr
Mn
Fe
Co
Ni
Cu
Zn
Ga
Ge
As
Se
Br
Kr
Rb
Sr
Y
Zr
Nb
Mo
Tc
Ru

1.00794
4.002602
6.941
9.012182
10.811
12.0107
14.0067
15.9994
18.9984032
20.1797
22.98976928
24.305
26.9815386
28.0855
30.973762
32.065
35.453
39.948
39.0983
40.078
44.955912
47.867
50.9415
51.9961
54.938045
55.845
58.933195
58.6934
63.546
65.409
69.723
72.64
74.9216
78.96
79.904
83.798
85.4678
87.62
88.90585
91.224
92.906 38
95.94
98.9063
101.07

45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92

Rhodium
Palladium
Silver
Cadmium
Indium
Tin
Antimony
Tellurium
Iodine
Xenon
Caesium
Barium
Lanthanum
Cerium
Praseodymium
Neodymium
Promethium
Samarium
Europium
Gadolinium
Terbium
Dysprosium
Holmium
Erbium
Thulium
Ytterbium
Lutetium
Hafnium
Tantalum
Tungsten
Rhenium
Osmium
Iridium
Platinum
Gold
Mercury
Thallium
Lead
Bismuth
Polonium
Astatine
Radon
Francium
Radium
Actinium
Thorium
Protactinium
Uranium

Rh
Pd
Ag
Cd
In
Sn
Sb
Te
I
Xe
Cs
Ba
La
Ce
Pr
Nd
Pm
Sm
Eu
Gd
Tb
Dy
Ho
Er
Tm
Yb
Lu
Hf
Ta
W
Re
Os
Ir
Pt
Au
Hg
Tl
Pb
Bi
Po
At
Rn
Fr
Ra
Ac
Th
Pa
U

102.9055
106.42
107.8682
112.411
114.818
118.71
121.76
127.6
126.90447
131.293
132.9054519
137.327
138.90547
140.116
140.90765
144.242
146.9151
150.36
151.964
157.25
158.92535
162.5
164.93032
167.259
168.93421
173.04
174.967
178.49
180.9479
183.84
186.207
190.23
192.217
195.084
196.966569
200.59
204.3833
207.2
208.9804
208.9824
209.9871
222.0176
223.0197
226.0254
227.0278
232.03806
231.03588
238.02891

93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
118

Neptunium
Plutonium
Americium
Curium
Berkelium
Californium
Einsteinium
Fermium
Mendelevium
Nobelium
Lawrencium
Rutherfordium
Dubnium
Seaborgium
Bohrium
Hassium
Meitnerium
Darmstadtium
Roentgenium
Ununbium
Ununtrium
Ununquadium
Ununpentium
Ununhexium
Ununoctium

Np
Pu
Am
Cm
Bk
Cf
Es
Fm
Md
No
Lr
Rf
Db
Sg
Bh
Hs
Mt
Ds
Rg
Uub
Uut
Uuq
Uup
Uuh
Uuo

237.0482
244.0642
243.0614
247.0703
247.0703
251.0796
252.0829
257.0951
258.0986
259.1009
260.1053
261.1087
262.1138
263.1182
262.1229
265
266
269
272
285
284
289
288
292
294

Concrete Mix Design M20 Grade of Concrete (OPC 43 Grade


1. REQUIREMENTS
a) Specified minimum strength = 20 N/Sq mm

b) Durability requirements
i) Exposure Moderate

ii) Minimum Cement Content = 300 Kgs/cum

c) Cement
(Refer Table No. 5 of IS:456-2000)
i) Make Chetak (Birla)
ii) Type OPC
iii) Grade 43
d) Workability
i) compacting factor = 0.7
e) Degree of quality control Good
2. TEST DATA FOR MATERIALS SUPPLIED
a) CEMENT
i) Specific gravity = 3.05
ii) Avg. comp. strength 7 days = 46.5 more than 33.0 OK
28 days = 55.0 more than 43.0 OK

b) COARSE AGGREGATE
i) 20mm Graded
Type Crushed stone aggregate
Specific gravity = 2.68
Water absorption = 1.46
Free (surface) moisture = 0

c) FINE AGGREGATE (Coarse sand)


i) Type Natural (Ghaggar)
Specific gravity = 2.6
Water absorption = 0.5
Free (surface) moisture = 1.4

3. TARGET MEAN STRENGTH (TMS)


a) Statistical constant K = 1.65
b) Standard deviation S = 4.6
Thus, TMS = 27.59 N/Sqmm
4. SELECTION OF W/C RATIO
a) As required for TMS = 0.5
b) As required for Moderate Exposure = 0.55
Assume W/c ratio of 0.5
5. DETERMINATION OF WATER & SAND CONTENT
For W/C = 0.6
C.F. = 0.8
Max. Agg. Size of 20 mm
a) Water content = 186 Kg/cum
b) Sand as percentage of total aggregate by absolute volume = 35 %
Thus,
Net water content = 180.42 Kg/cum
Net sand percentage = 33 %

6. DETERMINATION OF CEMENT CONTENT


W/c ratio = 0.5
Water content = 180.42 Kg/cum
Thus, Cement content = 360.84 Kg/cum Adequate for moderate exposure Say 360 Kg/cum
7. DETERMINATION OF COARSE AND FINE AGGREGATE CONTENT
Assume entrapped air as 2 %
Thus,
0.98 cum = [180.42+360/3.05 + {1/0.33}*{fa/2.6}]/1000
& 0.98 cum = [180.42+360/3.05 + {1/0.67}*{Ca/2.68}]/1000
Hence,
fa = 584 Kg/cum
Ca = 1223.8 Kg/cum
The final mix proportions of M-20 grade of concrete become:-

Note: 1 The above recommended mix design must be verified, by actual cube tests.
2 The mix design is based on the quality and grading of the materials actually supplied, by the client.
Any variation in quality and gradation will result in changes in the mix design.

Concrete Mix Design M35 Grade of Concrete


Grade of Concrete : M35
Characteristic Strength (Fck) : 35 Mpa
Standard Deviation : 1.91 Mpa*
Target Mean Strength : T.M.S.= Fck +1.65 x S.D.
(from I.S 456-2000) = 35+ 1.651.91
= 38.15 Mpa

Test Data For Material:


Aggregate Type : Crushed
Specific Gravity
Cement : 3.15
Coarse Aggregate : 2.67
Fine Aggregate : 2.62

Water Absorption:
Coarse Aggregate : 0.5%
Fine Aggregate : 1.0 %
MIX DESIGN
Take Sand content as percentage of total aggregates = 36%
Select Water Cement Ratio = 0.43 for concrete grade M35
(From Fig 2. of I.S. 10262- 1982)

Select Water Content = 172 Kg


(From IS: 10262 for 20 mm nominal size of aggregates Maximum Water Content = 186 Kg/ M3 )
Hence, Cement Content= 172 / 0.43 = 400 Kg / M3
Formula for Mix Proportion of Fine and Coarse Aggregate:
1000(1-a0) = {(Cement Content / Sp. Gr. Of Cement) + Water Content +(Fa / Sp. Gr.* Pf )}
1000(1-a0) = {(Cement Content / Sp. Gr. Of Cement) + Water Content +Ca / Sp. Gr.* Pc )}
Where Ca = Coarse Aggregate Content
Fa = Fine Aggregate Content
Pf = Sand Content as percentage of total Aggregates
`= 0.36

Pc = Coarse Aggregate Content as percentage of total Aggregates.


`= 0.64
a0 = Percentage air content in concrete (As per IS :10262 for 20 mm nominal size of
aggregates air content is 2 %) = 0.02
Hence, 1000(1-0.02) = {(400 /3.15) + 172 +(Fa / 2.62 x 0.36)}
Fa = 642 Kg/ Cum
As the sand is of Zone II no adjustment is required for sand
Sand Content = 642 Kg/ Cum
1000(1-0.02) = {(400 /3.15) + 172 +(Ca / 2.67 x 0.64)}
Hence, Ca = 1165 Kg/ Cum
From combined gradation of Coarse aggregates it has been found out that the proportion

of 53:47 of 20 mm & 10 mm aggregates produces the best gradation as per IS: 383.
Hence, 20 mm Aggregates = 619 Kg
And 10 mm Aggregates = 546 Kg
To obtain slump in the range of 150-190 mm water reducing admixture

brandSP430 from Fosroc with a dose of 0.3 % by weight of Cementshall be used.


Hence the Mix Proportion becomes:
Cem

W/C

Water

Sand

20mm

10mm

Admix

400

0.43

172

635

619

564

1.2

0.43

1.6

1.547

1.36

0.003

Units Kg/ M3
Cement : Sand: Coarse Aggregates = 1 : 1.6 : 2.907

Concrete Mix Design M40 Grade of Concrete (OPC 43 Grade


Parameters for mix design M40
Grade Designation = M-40
Type of cement = O.P.C-43 grade
Admixture = Fosroc ( Conplast SP 430 G8M )
Fine Aggregate = Zone-II
Sp. Gravity Cement = 3.15
Fine Aggregate = 2.61
Coarse Aggregate (20mm) = 2.65
Coarse Aggregate (10mm) = 2.66
Minimum Cement (As per contract) = 400 kg / m3
Maximum water cement ratio (As per contract) = 0.45
Mix Calculation: 1. Target Mean Strength = 40 + (5 X 1.65) = 48.25 Mpa
2. Selection of water cement ratio:Assume water cement ratio = 0.4
3. Calculation of cement content: Assume cement content 400 kg / m3
(As per contract Minimum cement content 400 kg / m3)
4. Calculation of water: 400 X 0.4 = 160 kg Which is less than 186 kg (As per Table No. 4, IS: 10262)
Hence o.k.
5. Calculation for C.A. & F.A.: As per IS : 10262 , Cl. No. 3.5.1
V = [ W + (C/Sc) + (1/p) . (fa/Sfa) ] x (1/1000)
V = [ W + (C/Sc) + {1/(1-p)} . (ca/Sca) ] x (1/1000)
Where
V = absolute volume of fresh concrete, which is equal to gross volume (m3) minus the volume of entrapped
W = mass of water ( kg ) per m3 of concrete

C = mass of cement ( kg ) per m3 of concrete


Sc = specific gravity of cement
(p) = Ratio of fine aggregate to total aggregate by absolute volume
(fa) , (ca) = total mass of fine aggregate and coarse aggregate (kg) per m3 of
Concrete respectively, and
Sfa , Sca = specific gravities of saturated surface dry fine aggregate and Coarse aggregate respectively
As per Table No. 3 , IS-10262, for 20mm maximum size entrapped air is 2%
Assume F.A. by % of volume of total aggregate = 36.5 %
0.98 = [ 160 + ( 400 / 3.15 ) + ( 1 / 0.365 ) ( Fa / 2.61 )] ( 1 /1000 )
=> Fa = 660.2 kg
Say Fa = 660 kg
0.98 = [ 160 + ( 400 / 3.15 ) + ( 1 / 0.635 ) ( Ca / 2.655 )] ( 1 /1000 )
=> Ca = 1168.37 kg
Say Ca = 1168 kg
Considering 20 mm : 10mm = 0.6 : 0.4
20mm = 701 kg .
10mm = 467 kg
Hence Mix details per m3
Cement = 400 kg
Water = 160 kg
Fine aggregate = 660 kg
Coarse aggregate 20 mm = 701 kg
Coarse aggregate 10 mm = 467 kg
Admixture = 0.6 % by weight of cement = 2.4 kg.
Recron 3S = 900 gm
Water: cement: F.A.: C.A. = 0.4: 1: 1.65: 2.92
Observation:
A. Mix was cohesive and homogeneous.
B. Slump = 110mm
C. No. of cube casted = 12 Nos.
7 days average compressive strength = 51.26 MPa.
28 days average compressive strength = 62.96 MPa which is greater than 48.25MPa
Hence the mix is accepted

Concrete Mix Design M50 Grade of Concrete (OPC 43 Grade


Parameters for mix design M50
Grade Designation = M-50
Type of cement = O.P.C-43 grade
Brand of cement = Vikram ( Grasim )

Admixture = Sika [Sikament 170 ( H ) ]


Sp. Gravity
Cement = 3.15
Fine Aggregate = 2.61
Coarse Aggregate (20mm) = 2.65
Coarse Aggregate (10mm) = 2.66
Minimum Cement (As per contract) =400 kg / m3
Maximum water cement ratio (As per contract) = 0.45
Mix Calculation: 1. Target Mean Strength = 50 + ( 5 X 1.65 ) = 58.25 Mpa
2. Selection of water cement ratio:Assume water cement ratio = 0.35
3. Calculation of water: Approximate water content for 20mm max. Size of aggregate = 180 kg /m3

(As per Table No. 5 , IS : 10262 ). As plasticizer is proposed we can reduce water content by 20%.
Now water content = 180 X 0.8 = 144 kg /m3
4. Calculation of cement content:Water cement ratio = 0.35
Water content per cum of concrete = 144 kg
Cement content = 144/0.35 = 411.4 kg / m3
Say cement content = 412 kg / m3 (As per contract Minimum cement content 400 kg / m3 )
Hence O.K.
5. Calculation for C.A. & F.A.: [ Formulas can be seen in earlier posts]Volume of concrete = 1 m3
Volume of cement = 412 / ( 3.15 X 1000 ) = 0.1308 m3
Volume of water = 144 / ( 1 X 1000 ) = 0.1440 m3
Volume of Admixture = 4.994 / (1.145 X 1000 ) = 0.0043 m3
Total weight of other materials except coarse aggregate = 0.1308 + 0.1440 +0.0043 = 0.2791 m 3
Volume of coarse and fine aggregate = 1 0.2791 = 0.7209 m3
Volume of F.A. = 0.7209 X 0.33 = 0.2379 m3 (Assuming 33% by volume of total aggregate )
Volume of C.A. = 0.7209 0.2379 = 0.4830 m3
Therefore weight of F.A. = 0.2379 X 2.61 X 1000 = 620.919 kg/ m3
Say weight of F.A. = 621 kg/ m3
Therefore weight of C.A. = 0.4830 X 2.655 X 1000 = 1282.365 kg/ m 3
Say weight of C.A. = 1284 kg/ m3
Considering 20 mm: 10mm = 0.55: 0.45
20mm = 706 kg .
10mm = 578 kg .
Hence Mix details per m3
Increasing cement, water, admixture by 2.5% for this trial
Cement = 412 X 1.025 = 422 kg
Water = 144 X 1.025 = 147.6 kg
Fine aggregate = 621 kg
Coarse aggregate 20 mm = 706 kg

Coarse aggregate 10 mm = 578 kg


Admixture = 1.2 % by weight of cement = 5.064 kg
Water: cement: F.A.: C.A. = 0.35: 1: 1.472: 3.043
Observation: A. Mix was cohesive and homogeneous.
B. Slump = 120 mm
C. No. of cube casted = 9 Nos.
7 days average compressive strength = 52.07 MPa.
28 days average compressive strength = 62.52 MPa which is greater than 58.25MPa
Hence the mix accepted.

Concrete Mix Design M60 Grade of Concrete (OPC 53 Grade


A. Design Stipulation:
Charastaristic comprehensive Strength @ 28 days = 60 N/mm2
Maximum size of aggregate = 20 mm
B. Test data for concrete ingredients
Specific gravity of cement = 3.15
Specific gravity of fly ash = 2.24
Specific gravity of microsilica = 2.21
Setting time of cement initial = 120 min, final = 185 min
Cement compressive strength =
45.21 N/mm2 @ 3 days
54.82 N/mm2 @ 7 days
69.32 N/mm2 @ 28 days
Specific gravity of coarse aggregates (ca) and fine aggregates (fa)
20 mm 2.729
10 mm 2.747
R/sand 2.751
C/sand 2.697
Water absorption
20 mm 1.540, 10mm 1.780, R/sand 3.780, C/sand 4.490
Characterstic strength @ 28 days 60 N/mm2

Target mean strength : Depend upon degree of quality control good and considering (std. Dev.As 5 N/mm2
Characteristic strength given by the relation 60 +(1.65 *5 ) = 68.25 N/mm2
C. Quantities of ingredients ( by absolute volume Method )
Actual cement used = 450 kg/cum
Actual fly ash used = 80 kg/cum
Actual microsilica used = 40 kg/cum
W/C fixed = 0.24
Absolute volume of cement = 0.143
Absolute volume of air = 0.02

Absolute vol of water. = 0.137


Absolute vol of fly ash. = 0.036
Absolute vol of microsilica = 0.018
Total volume of CA and FA used = 1.00-(0.143+0.036+0.018+0.02 +0.137)
= 0.619 Cum
D. Aggregate percent used.
20 Mm = 31, 10 mm = 25, r/sand = 34, c/sand = 10
(2.729*0.31) + (2.747*0.25) +(2.751* 0.34 )+(2.697*0.10) *0.619*1000
546+444+604+174=1768
Aggt: cement = 3.10 : 1
Mix proportion = 0.24:1:1.06:0.30:0.78:0.96
E. Abstract:
20 mm 546 kg/cum
10 mm 444 kg/cum
r/sand 604 kg /cum
c/sand 174 kg/cum
water 137 kg/cum
Admixture 1.80 % By wt of (C+F+MS) chemsonite SP 450XL-B
Cube Compressive Strength (N/mm2)
3 days = 40.98
7 Days = 57.71
28 Days = 70.96

Concrete Mix Design M70 Grade of Concrete (OPC 53 Grade


A. Design Stipulation:
Characteristic comprehensive Strength @ 28 days = 70 N/mm2
Maximum size of aggregate = 20 mm
Degree of workability = Collapsible
Degree of quality control = Good
B. Test data for concrete ingredients
Specific gravity of cement = 3.15
Specific gravity of fly ash = 2.24
Specific gravity of microsilica = 2.21
Setting time of cement initial = 165 min, final = 270min
Cement compressive strength =
39.0 N/mm2 @ 3 days
51.0 N/mm2 @ 7 days
64.2 N/mm2 @ 28 days
Specific gravity of coarse aggregates (ca) and fine aggregates (fa)
20 mm 2.729

10 mm 2.747
R/sand 2.751
C/sand 2.697
Water absorption
20 mm 1.540, 10mm 1.780, R/sand 3.780, C/sand 4.490
Characteristic strength @ 28 days 70 N/mm2

Target mean strength : Depend upon degree of quality control good and considering (std. Dev.As 5 N/mm2
Characteristic strength given by the relation 70 +(1.65 *5 ) = 78.25 N/mm2
C. Quantities of ingredients (By Absolute Volume Method )
Actual cement used = 486 kg/cum
Actual fly ash used = 90 kg/cum
Actual microsilica used = 24 kg/cum
W/C fixed = 0.26
Absolute volume of cement = 0.154
Absolute volume of air = 0.02
Absolute vol of water. = 0.156
Absolute vol of fly ash. = 0.040
Absolute vol of microsilica = 0.011
Total volume of CA and FA used = 1.00-(0.155+0.044+0.022+0.02 +0.154)
= 0.619 Cum
D. Aggregate percent used.
20 Mm = 24, 10 mm = 36, r/sand = 20, c/sand = 20
(2.729*0.24) + (2.747*0.36) +(2.751* 0.20 )+(2.697*0.20) *0.619*1000
405+612+340+334=1691
Aggt: cement = 2.82 : 1
Mix proportion = 0.26:1:0.57:0.56:1.02:0.67
E. Abstract:
20 mm = 405 kg/cum
10 mm = 612 kg/cum
r/sand = 340 kg /cum
c/sand = 334 kg/cum
water = 154 kg/cum
Admixture 0.50 % BY WT OF (C+F+MS) ASTP-1 OF BASF
Cube Compressive Strength (N/mm2)
3 days = 49.13
7 Days = 59.57

28 Days = 81.49

M-15 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN


As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H
A-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
A-2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
15
16
A-3
1
2
A-4
1
2
A-5
1

OPC 43 Grade)

2
3
A-6
1
2
A-7
1
2
A-8
1
2

3
4

5
6
7
A-9
1
2
3
4

5
6

M-20 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN


As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H
A-1
1
2
3

4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
A-2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
15
16
A-3
1
2
A-4
1
2
A-5
1
2
3
A-6
1
2

A-7
1
2
A-8
1
2

5
6
7
A-9
1
2
3
4

5
6

ed, by the client.

M-25 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN


As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H
A-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

11
A-2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
15
16
A-3
1
2
A-4
1
2
A-5
1
2
3
A-6
1
2
A-7
1
2
A-8
1
2

5
6
7

A-9
1
2
3
4

5
6
M-30 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN
As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H
A-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
A-2
1
2
3
4

5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
15
16
A-3
1
2
A-4
1
2
A-5
1
2
3
A-6
1
2
A-7
1
2
A-8
1
2

5
6
7
A-9
1
2
3
4

5
6

M-35 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN


As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H
A-1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
A-2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

9
3

186 Kg/ M )

10
11
12
13
14
15
15
16
A-3
1
2
A-4
1
2
A-5
1
2
3
A-6
1
2
A-7
1
2
A-8
1
2

OPC 43 Grade)

e volume of entrapped air

6
7
A-9
1
2
3
4

5
6

regate respectively

OPC 43 Grade)

ter content by 20%.

3 = 0.2791 m 3

OPC 53 Grade)

g (std. Dev.As 5 N/mm2)

OPC 53 Grade)

g (std. Dev.As 5 N/mm2)

M-15 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN


As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H
Stipulations for Proportioning
Grade Designation
Type of Cement
Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size
Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H 1700-3 A)
Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A)
Workability (MORT&H 1700-4)
Exposure Condition
Degree of Supervision
Type of Aggregate
Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl. 1703.2)
Chemical Admixture Type
Test Data for Materials
Cement Used
Sp. Gravity of Cement
Sp. Gravity of Water
Chemical Admixture
Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate
Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate
Sp. Gravity of Sand
Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate
Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate
Water Absorption of Sand
Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate
Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate
Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand
Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse Aggregates
Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse Aggregates
Sp.Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates
Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates
Target Strength for Mix Proportioning
Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5)
Characteristic Strength @ 28 days
Selection of Water Cement Ratio
Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A)
Adopted Water Cement Ratio
Selection of Water Content
Maximum Water content (10262-table-2)

Estimated Water content for 25 mm Slump


Superplasticiser used
Calculation of Cement Content
Water Cement Ratio
Cement Content (135/0.5)
Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content
Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262
Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate
Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.65)
Mix Calculations
Volume of Concrete in m3
Volume of Cement in m3
(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of Cement)x1000
Volume of Water in m3
(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of Water)x1000
Volume of Admixture @ 0% in m3
(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of Admixture)x1000
Volume of All in Aggregate in m3
Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4)
Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3
Sr. no. 5 x 0.65
Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3
Sr. no. 5 x 0.35
Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition)
Mass of Cement in kg/m3
Mass of Water in kg/m3
Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3
Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3
Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3
Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3
Mass of Admixture in kg/m3
Water Cement Ratio

M-20 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN


As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H
Stipulations for Proportioning
Grade Designation
Type of Cement
Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size

Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H 1700-3 A)


Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A)
Workability (MORT&H 1700-4)
Exposure Condition
Degree of Supervision
Type of Aggregate
Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl. 1703.2)
Chemical Admixture Type
Test Data for Materials
Cement Used
Sp. Gravity of Cement
Sp. Gravity of Water
Chemical Admixture
Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate
Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate
Sp. Gravity of Sand
Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate
Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate
Water Absorption of Sand
Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate
Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate
Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand
Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse Aggregates
Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse Aggregates
Sp. Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates
Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates
Target Strength for Mix Proportioning
Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5)
Characteristic Strength @ 28 days
Selection of Water Cement Ratio
Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A)
Adopted Water Cement Ratio
Selection of Water Content
Maximum Water content (10262-table-2)
Estimated Water content for 25 mm Slump
Superplasticiser used
Calculation of Cement Content
Water Cement Ratio
Cement Content (145/0.5)

Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content


Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262
Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate
Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.65)
Mix Calculations
Volume of Concrete in m3
Volume of Cement in m3
(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of Cement)x1000
Volume of Water in m3
(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of Water)x1000
Volume of Admixture @ 0% in m3
(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of Admixture)x1000
Volume of All in Aggregate in m3
Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4)
Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3
Sr. no. 5 x 0.65
Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3
Sr. no. 5 x 0.35
Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition)
Mass of Cement in kg/m3
Mass of Water in kg/m3
Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3
Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3
Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3
Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3
Mass of Admixture in kg/m3
Water Cement Ratio

M-25 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN


As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H
Stipulations for Proportioning
Grade Designation
Type of Cement
Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size
Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H 1700-3 A)
Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A)
Workability (MORT&H 1700-4)
Exposure Condition
Degree of Supervision
Type of Aggregate
Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl. 1703.2)

Chemical Admixture Type


Test Data for Materials
Cement Used
Sp. Gravity of Cement
Sp. Gravity of Water
Chemical Admixture
Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate
Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate
Sp. Gravity of Sand
Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate
Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate
Water Absorption of Sand
Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate
Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate
Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand
Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse Aggregates
Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse Aggregates
Sp. Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates
Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates
Target Strength for Mix Proportioning
Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5)
Characteristic Strength @ 28 days
Selection of Water Cement Ratio
Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A)
Adopted Water Cement Ratio
Selection of Water Content
Maximum Water content (10262-table-2)
Estimated Water content for 50-75 mm Slump
Superplasticiser used
Calculation of Cement Content
Water Cement Ratio
Cement Content (138/0.43)
Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content
Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262
Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate
Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.62)
Mix Calculations
Volume of Concrete in m3
Volume of Cement in m3

(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of Cement)x1000


Volume of Water in m3
(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of Water)x1000
Volume of Admixture @ 0.5% in m3
(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of Admixture)x1000
Volume of All in Aggregate in m3
Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4)
Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3
Sr. no. 5 x 0.62
Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3
Sr. no. 5 x 0.38
Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD
Condition)
Mass of Cement in kg/m3
Mass of Water in kg/m3
Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3
Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3
Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3
Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3
Mass of Admixture in kg/m3
Water Cement Ratio
M-30 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN
As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H
Stipulations for Proportioning
Grade Designation
Type of Cement
Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size
Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H 1700-3 A)
Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A)
Workability (MORT&H 1700-4)
Exposure Condition
Degree of Supervision
Type of Aggregate
Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl. 1703.2)
Chemical Admixture Type
Test Data for Materials
Cement Used
Sp. Gravity of Cement
Sp. Gravity of Water
Chemical Admixture

Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate


Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate
Sp. Gravity of Sand
Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate
Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate
Water Absorption of Sand
Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate
Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate
Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand
Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse Aggregates
Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse Aggregates
Sp. Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates
Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates
Target Strength for Mix Proportioning
Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5)
Characteristic Strength @ 28 days
Selection of Water Cement Ratio
Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A)
Adopted Water Cement Ratio
Selection of Water Content
Maximum Water content (10262-table-2)
Estimated Water content for 50-75 mm Slump
Superplasticiser used
Calculation of Cement Content
Water Cement Ratio
Cement Content (160/0.42)
Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content
Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262
Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate
Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.62)
Mix Calculations
Volume of Concrete in m3
Volume of Cement in m3
(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of Cement)x1000
Volume of Water in m3
(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of Water)x1000
Volume of Admixture @ 0.5% in m3
(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of Admixture)x1000

Volume of All in Aggregate in m3


Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4)
Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3
Sr. no. 5 x 0.62
Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3
Sr. no. 5 x 0.38
Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition)
Mass of Cement in kg/m3
Mass of Water in kg/m3
Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3
Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3
Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3
Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3
Mass of Admixture in kg/m3
Water Cement Ratio

M-35 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN


As per IS 10262-2009 & MORT&H
Stipulations for Proportioning
Grade Designation
Type of Cement
Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size
Minimum Cement Content (MORT&H 1700-3 A)
Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A)
Workability (MORT&H 1700-4)
Exposure Condition
Degree of Supervision
Type of Aggregate
Maximum Cement Content (MORT&H Cl. 1703.2)
Chemical Admixture Type
Test Data for Materials
Cement Used
Sp. Gravity of Cement
Sp. Gravity of Water
Chemical Admixture
Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate
Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate
Sp. Gravity of Sand
Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate

Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate


Water Absorption of Sand
Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate
Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate
Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand
Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse Aggregates
Sieve Analysis of Combined Coarse Aggregates
Sp.Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates
Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates
Target Strength for Mix Proportioning
Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5)
Characteristic Strength @ 28 days
Selection of Water Cement Ratio
Maximum Water Cement Ratio (MORT&H 1700-3 A)
Adopted Water Cement Ratio
Selection of Water Content
Maximum Water content (10262-table-2)
Estimated Water content for 50-75 mm Slump
Superplasticiser used
Calculation of Cement Content
Water Cement Ratio
Cement Content (160/0.42)
Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content
Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262
Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate
Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.62)
Mix Calculations
Volume of Concrete in m3
Volume of Cement in m3
(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of Cement)x1000
Volume of Water in m3
(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of Water)x1000
Volume of Admixture @ 0.5% in m3
(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of Admixture)x1000
Volume of All in Aggregate in m3
Sr. no. 1 (Sr. no. 2+3+4)

Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3


Sr. no. 5 x 0.62
Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3
Sr. no. 5 x 0.38
Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition)
Mass of Cement in kg/m3
Mass of Water in kg/m3
Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3
Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3
Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3
Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3
Mass of Admixture in kg/m3
Water Cement Ratio

M15
OPC 53 grade confirming to IS-12269-1987
20 mm
250 kg/m3
0.5
25 mm (Slump)
Normal
Good
Crushed Angular Aggregate
540 kg/m3
Superplasticiser Confirming to IS-9103
Coromandal King OPC 53 grade
3.15
1
Not Used
2.884
2.878
2.605
0.97%
0.83%
1.23%
nil
nil
nil
Separate Analysis Done
Separate Analysis Done
2.882
Separate Analysis Done
25N/mm2
15N/mm2

0.5
0.5
186 Lit.

135 Lit.
nil
0.5
270 kg/m

Which is greater then 250 kg/m3


ate & Fine Aggregate Content
62.00%
65.00%
35.00%
1
0.09

0.135
nil

0.779
0.507
0.273

te (SSD Condition)
270
135
711
1460
1051
409
nil
0.5

M20
OPC 53 grade confirming to IS-12269-1987
20 mm

250 kg/m3
0.5
25 mm (Slump)
Normal
Good
Crushed Angular Aggregate
540 kg/m3
Superplasticiser Confirming to IS-9103
Coromandal King OPC 53 grade
3.15
1
Not Used
2.884
2.878
2.605
0.97%
0.83%
1.23%
nil
nil
nil
Separate Analysis Done
Separate Analysis Done
2.882
Separate Analysis Done
30N/mm2
20N/mm2

0.5
0.5
186 Lit.
145 Lit.
nil
0.5
290 kg/m3

Which is greater then 250 kg/m3

& Fine Aggregate Content


62.00%
65.00%
35.00%
1
0.09

0.145

nil

0.763
0.496
0.267

SSD Condition)
290
145
696
1429
1029
400
nil
0.5

M25
OPC 53 grade confirming to IS-12269-1987
20 mm
310 kg/m3
0.45
50-75 mm (Slump)
Normal
Good
Crushed Angular Aggregate
540 kg/m3

Superplasticiser Confirming to IS-9103


Coromandal King OPC 53 grade
3.15
1
BASF Chemicals Company
2.884
2.878
2.605
0.97%
0.83%
1.23%
nil
nil
nil
Separate Analysis Done
Separate Analysis Done
2.882
Separate Analysis Done
36N/mm2
25N/mm2

0.45
0.43
186 Lit.
138 Lit.
0.5 % by wt. of cement
0.43
320 kg/m3
Which is greater then 310 kg/m3

& Fine Aggregate Content


62.00%
62.00%
38.00%
1
0.1

0.138

0.00134

0.759
0.471
0.288

320
138
751
1356
977
380
1.6
0.43

M30
OPC 53 grade confirming to IS-12269-1987
20 mm
310 kg/m3
0.45
50-75 mm (Slump)
Normal
Good
Crushed Angular Aggregate
540 kg/m3
Superplasticiser Confirming to IS-9103
Coromandal King OPC 53 grade
3.15
1
BASF Chemicals Company

2.884
2.878
2.605
0.97%
0.83%
1.23%
nil
nil
nil
Separate Analysis Done
Separate Analysis Done
2.882
Separate Analysis Done
42N/mm2
30N/mm2

0.45
0.42
186 Lit.
160 Lit.
0.5 % by wt. of cement
0.42
380 kg/m

Which is greater then 310 kg/m3

& Fine Aggregate Content


62.00%
62.00%
38.00%
1
0.12

0.16

0.0016

0.718
0.445
0.273

SSD Condition)
380
160
711
1283
924
359
1.9
0.42

M35
OPC 53 grade confirming to IS-12269-1987
20 mm
310 kg/m3
0.45
50-75 mm (Slump)
Normal
Good
Crushed Angular Aggregate
540 kg/m3
Superplasticiser Confirming to IS-9103

Coromandal King OPC 53 grade


3.15
1
BASF Chemicals Company
2.884
2.878
2.605
0.97%

0.83%
1.23%
nil
nil
nil
Separate Analysis Done
Separate Analysis Done
2.882
Separate Analysis Done
47N/mm2
35N/mm2

0.45
0.4
186 Lit.
160 Lit.
0.5 % by wt. of cement
0.4
400 kg/m

Which is greater then 310 kg/m3

& Fine Aggregate Content


62.00%
62.00%
38.00%
1
0.13

0.16

0.00168

0.711

0.441
0.27

SSD Condition)
400
160
704
1271
915
356
2
0.4