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D I M E X

Welding procedure

E n g in e e rin g
in

me t a l s

Strip DINOX 904 L


Flux ES 4000

Electroslag strip welding DINOX 904 L and Flux ES 4000

by DIMEX CONSULTING

DIMEX Engineering GmbH


Tullastr. 75
D 79108 Freiburg i. Br.
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Tel. + 49 761 156 15 22


Fax + 49 761 156 15 24
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DI ME X

K n o w-h o w in Met al s

k n o w -h o w

D I M E X
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Welding procedure

me t a l s

Table of Contents
1.0
Base Material.........................................................................................................................................2
1.1 Chemical analyses of Base material.........................................................................................................2
2.0
Preparation of base material for welding..........................................................................................2
2.1 Control of surface before welding.............................................................................................................2
2.2 Cleaning of the surface...............................................................................................................................2
3.0
Heat treatment.......................................................................................................................................2
3.1 Preheat temperature...................................................................................................................................2
3.2 Interpass temperature.................................................................................................................................2
3.3 Interpass annealing.....................................................................................................................................2
3.4 Post heat treatment.....................................................................................................................................2
4.0
Procedure...............................................................................................................................................2
4.1 Welding equipment......................................................................................................................................2
4.2 Welding consumables.................................................................................................................................2
4.2.1 Strip trade name.......................................................................................................................................2
4.2.2 Flux trade name........................................................................................................................................2
4.3 Chemical analyses of Strip DINOX 904 L................................................................................................2
4.4 Chemical analyses of weld deposit 1st layer polished surface..............................................................2
4.5 Chemical analyses of Flux ES 4000 (wt%)..............................................................................................2
5.0
Welding...................................................................................................................................................2
5.1 Apparatus settings.......................................................................................................................................2
5.2 Bead dimension...........................................................................................................................................2
5.3 Special requirements for welding head....................................................................................................2
6.0
Mechanical properties..........................................................................................................................2
6.1 Side bend test according to ASME Section IX........................................................................................2
6.2 Hardness results..........................................................................................................................................2
7.0
Metallographic results..........................................................................................................................2
7.1 Macro 1st layer to base material EN1043-1..........................................................................................2
7.2 Ferrite control...............................................................................................................................................2
8.0
Corrosion test........................................................................................................................................2

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Welding procedure

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1.0 Base Material


ASTM 516 Gr. 70 Heat Nr. 94343 (Quenched and tempered)
1.1 Chemical analyses of Base material
C
0.079
Zr
0,001

Mn
1.690
V
0,013

Si
0,243
P
0,004

Cr
0,193
S
0,001

Ni
0,977
Nb
0,002

Mo
0,290

Cu
0,045

Al
0,022

Ti
0,002

2.0 Preparation of base material for welding


2.1 Control of surface before welding
The surface has to controlled by dye penetrant test
2.2 Cleaning of the surface
The surface has to be free of moister and by grinding free of oxides and
residues.

3.0 Heat treatment


3.1 Preheat temperature
max. 150C.
3.2 Interpass temperature
max 200 C
3.3 Interpass annealing
not required

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3.4 Post heat treatment


Heating Rate C
Holding Temperature
Holding time
Cooling rate

4.0

50 C/hour Max.
580 C Min
6 hours
75 C/hour Max.

Procedure

4.1 Welding equipment


Lincoln 2x 1000 A DC

4.2 Welding consumables


4.2.1 Strip trade name
DINOX 904 L 60x0,7 mm
4.2.2 Flux trade name
DIMEX ES 4000

4.3 Chemical analyses of Strip DINOX 904 L


Heat No. 201014 60x0,7 mm

C
0,010
P
0,008

Si
0,11
S
0,003

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Mn
2,0
Fe
bal.

Cr
24,40
Ti
0,14

Ni
28,6

Mo
5,10

Co

Cu
1,70

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4.4 Chemical analyses of weld deposit 1st layer polished surface


C
0,014
P
0,013

Si
0,35
S
0,008

Mn
1,39
Fe
bal.

Cr
20,83
Al
0,031

Ni
24,70

Mo
4,84

Co
0,043

Cu
1,36

Co
0,042

Cu
1,32

4.5 Chemical analyses of weld deposit 1st layer deposit.


and analyses taken 3 mm from weld surface.
C
0,017
P
0,013

Si
0,35
S
0,009

Mn
1,36
Fe
bal.

Cr
20,80
Al
0,027

Ni
24,55

Mo
4,51

4.5 Chemical analyses of Flux ES 4000 (wt%)


EN 760-SA FB 2 DC

SiO2
8,4

Al2O3
27,2

TiO2

ZrO2

MnO

CaF2
60,6

CaO

MgO

P
<0,02

S
<0,02

> 0,8
----

> 1,0
0,1

> 1,25
----

> 1,6
0,0

> 2,0

mm
%

Screen properties
< 0,2
0,5

> 0,2
4,4

Basicity acc. to
Boniszewski:

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>0,315
38,9

> 0,5
56,1

2,5

Heat No. 13

Grainsize 2-14

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5.0 Welding

5.1 Apparatus settings


Current
Voltage
Travel Speed
Stickout

1000 A (DC + CP)


24-25 V
15 cm/Min
35 mm

Flux Height
Feed Rate
Dilution

35 mm
1,5 m / min. (~ 24kg/hr)
~12%

5.2 Bead dimension


Bead Height
Overlap

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5,1 mm
4,0 - 5,0 mm

Bead Width

63,0 mm

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5.3 Special requirements for welding head


The welding head must be set with a 3 inclination towards welding direction.

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6.0 Mechanical properties


6.1 Side bend test according to ASME Section IX

QW 462.3

2 side bend test 4t


Results

180 no defects

6.2 Hardness results


Hardness HV10
Weld deposit
Heat aff. zone
base material

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193
236
170

199
221
170

203
206
170

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7.0 Metallographic results

7.1 Macro 1st layer to base material EN1043-1


7.2 Ferrite control
not required

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8.0 Corrosion test


UHA-108

Specimen
Identification
mark
Rep. 350A
Rep. 350B

Specimen
mark
350A
350B

Material

Origin

Location

Weld
Weld

Spec/Longitudional
Spec/Longitudional

Sensilizing
treatment
-

Test
period
72h
72h

Result: The metal shows no sign of disintegration after bending


Conditions de pilage
Identification
mark
350A

Angle

Mandret

Results and comments

180

2e

The metal shows no sign of


disintegration after bending
elongation=21,6%

350B

180

2e

The metal shows no sign of


disintegration after bending
elongation=20,5%

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