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A ppendix
A ppendix 1 Timeline of Japanese History and Bud

I. Bud Tradition until the End of the Tokugawa (Edo) Period (Timeline 1)
Historical Event
Bud Tradition
Lifestyle sustained by huntStone spear and arrow heads come into use.
ing, fishing and gathering.
Ancient bows have been excavated from archeological
Beginning of Jmon style
10,000 BC
sites in the Hokuriku region that date to around 400
300 BC


Wet rice agriculture is introduced from the continent.

Complex political unit of
kuni (country) evolves from
smaller mura (village).

Himiko of Yamataikoku establishes tributary relations

with the Cao Wei Kingdom.
Large burial tombs known
Late 3rd C
as kofun are constructed.
The Yamato court unifies
Late 4th C
Prince Shtoku dispatches
an envoy to China.
239 AD







10th C



Sum wrestling rituals are conducted to encourage

bountiful harvests of the five grains.
Widespread skirmishes break out between rival mura
and kuni.
Archery is recorded in the Gishi Wajin-den.
Haniwa pottery statues of warriors and horses are
Metal swords with kanji inscriptions from this period
have been unearthed.

A Struggle breaks out concerning he introduction of

The Taika Reforms are Buddhism into Japan.
enacted with the aim of
strengthening imperial rule.
Silla-Tang forces are victorious at the Battle of Baekgang in Korea.
Nara (Heijkyo) becomes
the capital of Japan. The
Ritsury system is established.
Emperor Kammu moves
the capital from Nagaokakyo to Heiankyo (Kyoto).

Warriors are dispatched to Korea.

The Nihon Shoki is compiled in 720. The origins of
sum are explained in a section of the Nihon Shoki.
Jarai (archery) and sum-sechie (wrestling) is
conducted in court as yearly rituals.

Distinctive Japanese swords (Nihon-t) with shinogi

Emergence of professional
(side ridges) and curvature (sori) are developed around
warriors (bushi).
this time.
Gempei War.

The Kamakura Bakufu is

Mongols attempt to
1274 & 81
invade Japan.
The Muromachi Bakufu is
established and the impe1336
rial court is divided into
Southern and Northern
Ashikaga Yoshimitsu uni1392
fies the Northern and
Southern Courts.

Bushi develop skills in mounted-archery (kyba).

Bushi hone their skills in mounted archery by training
in kasagake and inumono.
Gokenin (direct vassals of the shogunate) weaken as a
new strata of powerful warriors emerges.
Bands of warriors engage in battle in the struggle for
power with bladed weapons. Ogasawara Sadamune
writes treatises on kyba and forms of etiquette.
The uchi-gatana (inserted at the waist) replaces the
traditional tachi as the preferred auxiliary weapon.

The History and Spirit of Bud



I. Bud Tradition until the End of the Tokugawa (Edo) Period (Timeline 1)
Historical Event
Bud Tradition
nin War.
Start of Warring States Martial art schools (ryha) begin to form.
(Sengoku) period.
Notable ryha progenitors include Iizasa Chisai
Sengoku daimy (warlords) (Tenshin Shint-ry), Aisu Ik (Kage-ry), Heki
increase autonomy and Danj (Heki-ry archery) etc.

(Period of







Firearms introduced into

Japan via Tanegashima.
Firearms increase
in prevalence.
Oda Nobunaga topples
the Muromachi Bakufu.
Guns used to great effect at
the Battle of Nagashino.
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
unifies the realm.

Ryha bujutsu become more organized. Takenouchi

Hisamori (Takenouchi Koshi-no-Mawari jjutsu),
Tsukahara Bokuden (Shint-ry), Kamiizumi
Hidetsuna (Shinkage-ry), It Ittsai (Itt-ry) etc.

Ryha dedicated to specific martial arts such as

kenjutsu, sjutsu, iaijutsu, jjutsu, and hjutsu emerge.

The Battle of Sekigahara.

Massive change in national daimy structure. MushaTokugawa Ieyasu gains heshugy becomes widespread.
gemony over Japan.
The EdoTokugawa
Bakufu is established.
Osaka Summer Siege signals the end of war.
Japan enters a period of
national isolation (sakoku)
(bakuhan-taisei) is established.
The Bakufu establishes
laws and precepts of governance as the realm enters
a period of extended peace,
arable lands are developed,
roads are built, and the
whole country enjoys economic prosperity.

The Bakufu and domains (han) employ specialist

martial art instructors.

Yagy Munenori writes Heih Kadensho (1632).

Miyamoto Musashi writes Gorin-no-Sho (1645).
From this time on, ryha become more organized
and sophisticated in content, although less practical
from a combat perspective. Competitions such as
the tshiya archery contest at the Sanjsangen-d
in Kyoto become increasingly popular. Also, the
dohy (wrestling mound) is introduced in sum, and
techniques are systemized.


Martial arts practice is encouraged, and yabusame

Shogun Yoshimune enacts becomes popular again. The Honch Bugei Shden
the Kyho Reforms.
is published. Shinai and protective armour (bgu) is
devised for kenjutsu.


Tanuma Okitsugu
introduces monetary

Full-contact fencing (gekken) using shinai and bgu

becomes increasingly prevalent.


Matsudaira Sadanobu
enacts the Kansei

Many domain schools (hank) are established

throughout the country, and martial arts instruction
is promoted.


Foreign ships approach

New bujutsu ryha that are more practical are
Japans shores. Riots (ikki)
and civil unrest continues.


Mizuno Tadakuni
institutes the Tempo

Gekken (fencing) becomes popular among farmers.

Musha-shugy becomes widespread again.


I. Bud Tradition until the End of the Tokugawa (Edo) Period (Timeline 1)
Historical Event
Bud Tradition
Commodore Matthew
The Bakufu establishes the Kbusho in 1856.
Perry arrives in Japan.
After the Sakuradamon
Incident, the xenophobic Kenjutsu taught at the Kbusho transcends ryha
sonn-ji movement con- affiliation by standardizing the length of shinai to
tinues to try and
3-shaku 8-sun (115cm), and focusing on matches.
overthrow the Bakufu.






Restoration of imperial
The Shinsengumi is formed in 1863. The Kbusho is
rule as the Bakufu is overchanged in name to the Rikugunsho in 1866.
thrown. Boshin War starts.

II. The Development Bud in the Era of Modernization (Timeline 2)

Historical Event
Bud Tradition
Traditional bujutsu declines as Japan starts
Meiji Restoration.
to modernize.
Domains are dismantled and replaced
with a prefectural system; land tax
Gekken-kgy events become popular
reforms; Education Order; promotion 1873 but are then banned by government
of industry; conscription; Sword
Abolishment Edict.
Satsuma Rebellion.
1877 The Keishichs (Police Bureau) Batttai
division performs well in battle using
only swords, sparking a reconsideration of
the usefulness of traditional bujutsu. The
Popular Rights Movement rises.
Keishich subsequently introduces gekken
and jjutsu into its training program.
Matsukata Finance (deflation starts).
1882 Kan Jigor establishes the Kdkan.
The Ministry of Education investigates
Increase in civil censorship. Construction
1883 whether or not gekken and jjutsu should
on the Rokumeikan commences.
be introduced into the school system.
The National Gymnastics Institute (Tais
Deflation crisis. Chichibu Incident.
1884 Denshsho) announces bujutsu should
not be introduced into the school system.
The promulgation of the Constitution of
Kan delivers a lecture on the educational
the Empire of Japan.
value of jd to the Minister of Education.
The Dai-Nippon Butokukai is established
Sino-Japanese War. Nationalism starts to
in Kyoto. Kenjutsu, jjutsu, and kyjutsu
peak. Industrial revolution after the war.
are demonstrated at the Butokukais Embu
The Butokukais Butokuden (Hall of
Nitobe Inaz writes Bushid in English.
Martial Virtue) is completed.
The Butokukai establishes a school for
Japan wins the Russo-Japanese War.
training bujutsu instructors.
The Butokukais standardized jjutsu and
Korea is annexed by Japan.
kenjutsu forms (kata) are created.
The government decides that it is
Tariff autonomy reforms. Anglo-Japanese
permissible to instruct jjutsu and gekken
Alliance renewed. (Chinese Revolution).
at middle schools. The Japan Sports
Association is established.


The History and Spirit of Bud














II. The Development Bud in the Era of Modernization (Timeline 2)

Historical Event
Bud Tradition
The Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kend Kata is
Taish Democracy begins.
The Butokukai school is changed in name
to the Bud Senmon Gakk. Also, the
First World War. Japans exports increase.
suffix -d is used to replace -jutsu so
that kenjutsu becomes kend, etc.
Urbanization, emergence of salary men,
Karate is introduced to the Japanese
and the Westernization of the Japanese
mainland from Okinawa. Kan Jigor
1922 announces the ideals of seiryoku-zeny
and jita-kyei. The Keishich starts its
The Great Kant Earthquake.
interdepartmental bud tournaments.
The Butokukai announces its intention
The first Meiji Jing Sports Tournament
1924 not to participate in the Meiji Jing Sports
is held.
The Ministry of Education officially starts
The Universal Suffrage Law and The Public
1926 referring to kenjustu and jjutsu as kend
Order Act are promulgated.
and jd.
The emperor watches the Tenran
The Great Depression begins.
1929 Bud Taikai (Tenran-jiai) in which top
exponents in kend and jd compete.
Manchurian Incident.
Jd and kend become compulsory
subjects in middle and normal schools.
The Manchu State is created.
May 15 Incident. Prime Minister Inukai
Kamidana (small Shint altars) must be
Tsuyoshi is assassinated.
placed in dj.
Kyd and naginata are allowed to be
The second Sino-Japanese War intensifies. 1936
taught in schools.
National Mobilization Law introduced.
Bud becomes compulsory in Kokumin
Strengthening of national consolidation 1941 Gakk (National [Elementary] Schools).
and rise in militarism.
Buds militaristic ideology escalates.
The Asia Pacific War starts.
The Butokukai becomes an extraorganization.
Wartime regime, student conscription, 1942 governmental
education becomes combat-oriented.
III. Modern Bud (Timeline 3)
Historical Event
Bud Tradition
Japan loses the war. Occupation; post-war
Bud is prohibited, and cannot be taught
reforms; democratization; gender equality;
1945 in schools. The various bud seek to sporland reforms; Zaibatsu dissolution; rise of
tify in order to be resurrected.
trade unions etc.
Kamidana are removed from the ButoJapanese Constitution is promulgated.
1946 kuden and other djo. The Dai-Nippon
Butokukai is ordered to disband.
The Basic Education Act is passed, a new
The Japan Sum Federation is established.
education system introduced, cold war inThe ban on karate is lifted.
tensifies, and GHQs occupation policy
changes from democratization to eco- 1948 The Aikikai Foundation is launched.
nomic reform.
Large companies become the centre of
The All Japan Judo Federation and the All
economic recovery. The Communist Party 1949 Nippon Kyudo Federation are inauguforms in China.
Korean War. Japans economy booms due
The All Japan Shinai-Kygi Federation is
to special procurements.
launched. School jd is introduced.
The San Francisco Peace Treaty is signed
1951 School kyd is reinstated.
with forty-eight countries in the West.
The All Japan Kendo Federation is formed.
Japans independence is reinstated.
1952 The All Japan Judo Federation joins the
International Judo Federation.







Period of


The Era
of Internationalization


III. Modern Bud (Timeline 3)

Historical Event
Bud Tradition
Television transmission begins. The Ama1953 School kend is introduced.
mi Islands are returned.
The All Japan Naginata Federation is esThe Self-Defence Force is formed.
All Japan Jukendo Federation is created.
The Liberal Democratic Party is launched. 1956 Iaid and jd are included in the All Japan
Kendo Federation.
The All Japan Shorinji Kempo Federation
Soviet-Japanese Joint Declaration. Affilia- 1957 is formed.
tion to the United Nations. White Paper
Kakugi is included in the National Curon the Economy declares, Japan is no
riculum Guidelines. (Jd, kend and
longer in the post-war period.
sum for boys.)
The crown prince marries. The IOC decides to hold the Olympic Games in To- 1959 School naginata is introduced for girls.
New United States-Japan Security Treaty 1961 Jd is selected as an Olympic event.
Plan for income tax increases unveiled. Beginning of the period 1962 The Nippon Budokan gains foundation
of high economic growth.
Nippon Budokan construction is completed. Japan wins gold medals in three
weight categories of the Olympic jd
Tokyo Olympics; Shinkansen; highway
competition, and a silver in the prestisystem; period of mass-consumption; 1964 gious open-weight category. Kend, kyd
sports boom (women also).
and sum feature as demonstration sports.
The Japan Karatedo Federation is formed.
Bud becomes increasingly popular among
children and women.
Korea-Japan Treaty; Vietnam peace moveKyd and naginata are permitted as regument.
lar subjects in high schools. A Bud

De1967 partment is started at the Tokyo UniverJapans GDP becomes second in the
sity of Education (forerunner to Tsukuba
Student demonstrations erupt nationThe Japanese Academy of Bud is
The students blockade

on the
Yasuda AuSeven Iaid Seitei Kata are created by the
ditorium at Tokyo University is lifted.
Osaka Expo.
The International Kendo Federation and
1970 World Union of Karate Organization is
Nixon (dollar) shocks.
Okinawa is returned to Japan. EstablishWorld Shorinji Kempo Federation is es1972
ment of diplomatic relations with China.
Floating exchange rate system for the yen;
The All Japan Kendo Federation promotes
Oil shock.
the Concept of Kendo.
Lockheed Incident. Political turmoil enThe International Aikido Federation is cre1976
Second oil crisis. Ezra Vogel publishes JaThe Japanese Bud Association is estab1977
pan as No. 1.
lished from ten bud organizations.
The 1st Kobud Taikai is held. The Kobud
International trade friction as Japans ex1978 Kykai, an association for classical styles of
port profits increase.
bud, is created the following year.
A decision is made to build the InternaPolitical reforms.
1980 tional Budo University. Three more kata
are added to the AJKFs Iaid Seitei forms.
The International Budo University is ofPlaza Accord. High-valued yen.
ficially opened.


The History and Spirit of Bud

The Era
of Internationalization






III. Modern Bud (Timeline 3)

Historical Event
Bud Tradition
Completion of the Bud Science Research
Bubble economy.
Japanese National Railways splits into six
1987 The Bud Charter is formulated.
private companies.
The Shwa Emperor dies. The Heisei era
Womens jd is introduced at the Seoul
End of the Cold War; Berlin Wall is disThe term kakugi is replaced by bud in the
mantled; Globalized economy.
National Curriculum Guidelines.
Bubble economy collapses; Gulf War beThe International Naginata Federation is
Coalition government; J-League profes- 1992 International Sumo Federation is formed.
sional soccer starts; mobile phones become
WUKO is changed in name to the World
Karate Federation.
Great Hanshin Awaji Earthquake; Tokyo
The decreasing bud population is debated
subway sarin gas attacks.
at the Japanese Academy of Budo.
Security broker Yamaichi Shken ceases
Blue jd-gi are introduced by the Internaits operations; political reforms; deregula- 1997
tional Judo Federation.
Declining birth rates and aging society;
All Japan Judo Federation contests a ref2000
nursing-care insurance system introduced.
erees call at the Sydney Olympics.
Reorganization of ministries; 9-11 terrorist attack; structural reforms; social dispar- 2001 The Jd Renaissance is set in motion.
ity intensifies.
An international symposium on bud is
The Iraq War starts.
2003 held at the International Research Centre
for Japanese Studies.
Aichi Expo.
2005 Expo Kendo Festival.
Fundamental Law of Education is
The International Kyudo Federation is in2006
New National Curriculum Guidelines
Lehman Shock and worldwide economic
are instated by MEXT. Bud is to become a
compulsory subject at junior high schools
from 2012.
The opposition Democratic Party of Japan
defeats the ruling coalition of the Liberal
The Nippon Budokan publishes Bud: The
Democratic Party and the New Kmeit
Martial Ways of Japan in English.
Party in the general election.


A ppendix 2 The Bud Charter

The Bud Charter
Bud, the Japanese martial ways, have their origins in the age-old martial spirit of Japan. Through centuries
of historical and social change, these forms of traditional culture evolved from combat techniques (jutsu)
into ways of self-development (d).
Seeking the perfect unity of mind and technique, bud has been refined and cultivated into ways of physical
training and spiritual development. The study of bud encourages courteous behaviour, advances technical
proficiency, strengthens the body, and perfects the mind. Modern Japanese have inherited traditional values
through bud which continue to play a significant role in the formation of the Japanese personality, serving
as sources of boundless energy and rejuvenation. As such, bud has attracted strong interest internationally,
and is studied around the world.
However, a trend towards infatuation just with technical ability compounded by an excessive concern
with winning is a severe threat to the essence of bud. To prevent any possible misrepresentation,
practitioners of bud must continually engage in self-examination and endeavour to perfect and preserve
this traditional culture.
It is with this hope that we, the member organizations of the Japanese Bud Association, established
The Bud Charter in order to uphold the fundamental principles of bud.
Article 1: Objective of Bud
Through physical and mental training in the Japanese martial ways, bud exponents seek to build their
character, enhance their sense of judgement, and become disciplined individuals capable of making
contributions to society at large.
Article 2: Keiko (Training)
When training in bud, practitioners must always act with respect and courtesy, adhere to the prescribed
fundamentals of the art, and resist the temptation to pursue mere technical skill rather than strive towards
the perfect unity of mind, body and technique.
Article 3: Shiai (Competition)
Whether competing in a match or doing set forms (kata), exponents must externalise the spirit underlying
bud. They must do their best at all times, winning with modesty, accepting defeat gracefully and constantly
exhibiting self-control.
Article 4: Dj (Training Hall)
The dj is a special place for training the mind and body. In the dj, bud practitioners must maintain
discipline, and show proper courtesies and respect. The dj should be a quiet, clean, safe and solemn
Article 5: Teaching
Teachers of bud should always encourage others to also strive to better themselves and diligently train
their minds and bodies, while continuing to further their understanding of the technical principles of
bud. Teachers should not allow focus to be put on winning or losing in competition, or on technical
ability alone. Above all, teachers have a responsibility to set an example as role models.
Article 6: Promoting Bud
Persons promoting bud must maintain an open-minded and international perspective as they uphold
traditional values. They should make efforts to contribute to research and teaching, and do their utmost
to advance bud in every way.

The History and Spirit of Bud

A ppendix 3 Japanese Bud Association and the Japanese Academy of Bud

Japanese Bud Association
The Nippon Budokan was instrumental in establishing the Japanese Bud Association (Nippon Bud
Kygikai) in 1977. The associaton consisted of the nine federations representing jd, kend, kyd,
sum, karated, aikid, shrinji kemp, naginata, and jkend. The stated purpose was as follows:
To facilitate contact between the affiliated organizations to promote the spirit of each art, and
ultimately to benefit the physical and mental wellbeing of the nations people. In particular, the
education of youth is considered essential for the creation of a healthy country, through which we
will be able make a national contribution to the stability and prosperity of the world.
Member Organizations and Number of Registered Dan Holders
All Japan Judo Federation (Zen Nihon Jd Renmei) Founded on May 6, 1949

230,000 registered dan holders (Kdkan dan-rank holders not included)
All Japan Kendo Federation (Zen Nippon Kend Renmei) October 14, 1952

1,420,000 registered dan holders. Iaid (80,000) and jd (19,000) introduced in 1965
All Nippon Kyudo Federation (Zen Nihon Kyd Renmei) September 15, 1953

130,000 registered dan holders
Japan Sumo Federation (Nihon Sum Renmei September 1, 1946

7,000 registered dan holders (75,000 members overall)
Japan Karatedo Federation (Zen Nihon Karate-d Renmei) October 1, 1964

300,000 registered members (2,500,000 members overall)
Aikikai Foundation (Aikikai) April 30, 1940

182,000 registered dan holders (1,000,000 members overall)
Shorinji Kempo Federation (Shrinji Kemp Renmei) May 1, 1957

40,000 registered dan holders (140,000 members overall)
All Japan Naginata Federation (Zen Nihon Naginata Renmei) May 4, 1955

5,500 registered dan holders (65,000 members overall)
All Japan Jukendo Federation (Zen Nihon Jkend Renmei) April 1, 1956

48,000 registered dan holders (400,000 members overall)
Nippon Budokan Foundation (Zaidan Hjin Nippon Budkan) October 3, 1964

Japanese Academy of Bud

The Japanese Academy of Bud was established in 1978 as an organization not only for university academics
but also enthusiasts. The Academy publishes research findings in The Research Journal of Budo (available
online), and holds an annual convention for research presentations in the categories of humanities, natural
sciences, and education and instruction. A symposium addressing a specified theme is also conducted.
There are six branches in Tokyo, Saitama, Yamanashi, Tkai, Hokuriku and Osaka, and specialist subdivisions for jd, kend, kyd, sum, karated and naginata. Currently, there are nine-hundred members,
and the head office is based in the Nippon Budokan.


A ppendix 4 Japanese Classical Bud Association (Nippon Kobud Kykai)

The Japanese Classical Bud Association was established in 1979 to preserve and promote Japans classical
martial arts. A Kobud Embu (Demonstration) Taikai is conducted annually. The Nippon Budokan
retails an extensive series of videos / DVDs of eighty-eight ryha and Kobud Embu Taikai events. There
are currently eighty-three ryha affiliated with the association. (Alphabetical order, 2008).
Dait-ry Aiki Jjutsu (Tokyo)
Dait-ry Aiki Jjutsu Takumakai (Osaka)
Hasegawa-ry Jjutsu (Saitama)
Hontai Yshin-ry Jjutsu (Hygo)
Igaryha Katsu Shin-ry Jjutsu (Ibaraki)
Kit-ry Jjutsu (Kyoto)
Kiraku-ry Jjutsu (Gunma)
Ryshin Kaich-ry Jjutsu (Hokkaid)
Sekiguchi Shinshin-ry Jjutsu (Wakayama)
Shibukawa-ry Jjutsu (Osaka)
Shibukawa Ichi-ry Jjutsu (Hiroshima)
Shind Yshin-ry Jjutsu
Shingetsu Mus Yanagi-ry Jjutsu (Hygo)
Shosh-ry Yawara (Iwate)
Takagi-ry Jjutsu & Kukishin Bjutsu
Takenouchi-ry Jjutsu (Hinoshita Torite Kaisan) (Okayama)
Takenouchi-ry Jjutsu (Koshi-no-Mawari Kogusoku) (Okayama)
Tenjin Shiny-ry Jjutsu (Tokyo)
Tenjin Shiny-ry Jjutsu (Saitama)
Bokuden-ry Kenjutsu (Aomori)
Hokushin Itt-ry Kenjutsu (Ibaragi)
Hyh Niten Ichi-ry Kenjutsu (Fukuoka)
Jigen-ry Heih Kenjutsu (Kagoshima)
Kashima Shinden Jikishin Kage-ry Kenjutsu (Chiba)
Kashima Shint-ry Kenjutsu (Ibaragi)
Kgen Itt-ry Kenjutsu (Saitama)
Kurama-ry Kenjutsu (Tokyo)
Mizoguchi-ha Itt-ry Kenjutsu (Fukushima)
Noda-ha Niten Ichi-ry Kenjutsu (Kumamoto) Ono-ha Itt-ry Kenjutsu (Tokyo)
Shind Munen-ry Kenjutsu (Tokyo)
Shingyt-ry Kenjutsu (Mie)
Shojitsu Kenri-h Ichi-ry Kenjutsu (Okayama) Taisha-ry Kenjutsu (Kumamoto)
Tatsumi-ry Heih (Chiba)
Tennen Rishin-ry Kenjutsu (Tokyo)
Tenshinsh-den Katori Shint-ry Kenjutsu (Chiba)
Unk-ry Kenjutsu (Kumamoto)
Yagy Shinkage-ry Heih Kenjutsu (Aichi)
Iaijutsu, Battjutsu
Enshin-ry Iai Suemono (Osaka)
Hayashizaki Mus-ry Iaijutsu (Yamagata)
Hki-ry Iaijutsu (Hygo)
Kanemaki-ry Batt-jutsu (Okayama)
Kanshin-ry Iaijutsu (Shimane)
Mus Jikiden Eishin-ry Iaijutsu (Tokyo)
Sekiguchi-ry Battjutsu (Kumamoto)
Shojitsu Kenri-h Ichi-ry Katch Battjutsu (Okayama)
Sui-ry Iai Kemp & Masaki-ry Kusarigama-jutsu (Shizuoka)
Tamiya-ry Iaijutsu (Kanagawa)
Fden-ry Sjutsu (Osaka)
Owari Kan-ry Sjutsu (Aichi)
Jjutsu, Bjutsu
Chikubushima-ry Bjutsu (Nagasaki)
Shind Mus-ry Jjutsu (Fukuoka)

Hzin-ry Takada-ha Sjutsu (Nara)

Saburi-ry Sjutsu (Hiroshima)
Muhi Muteki-ry Jjutsu (Ibaragi)


The History and Spirit of Bud

Higo Kory Naginata (Kumamoto)
Tend-ry Naginata-jutsu (Kyoto)
Yshin-ry Naginata-jutsu (Hiroshima)
Karate, Ryky Kobujutsu
Itosu-ry Karate (Kanagawa)
Okinawa Gj-ry Bujutsu (Okinawa)
Ryky Kobujutsu (Tokyo)

Kingai-ry Karate Okinawa Kobujutsu (Okinawa)

Ryky ke Hiden Motobu Udundi (Osaka)
Wad-ry Jjutsu Kemp (Tokyo)

Nagao-ry Taijutsu
Yagy Shingan-ry Katch Heih (Iwate)

Yagy Shingan-ry Taijutsu (Kanagawa)

Morishige-ry Hjutsu (Kanagawa)
Y-ry Hjutsu (Fukuoka)


Jikishin Kage-ry Naginata-jutsu (Nara)

Toda-ha Buk-ry Naginata-jutsu (Tokyo)

Seki-ry Hjutsu (Ibaragi)

Araki-ry Kemp (Gunma)
Negishi-ry Shuriken-jutsu (Tokyo)
Ogasawara-ry Kyba-jutsu (Tokyo)

Araki-ry Guny Kogusoku (Saitama)

Nit Shinkage-ry Kusarigama-jutsu (Kchi)
Takeda-ry Aiki-no-jutsu (Fukuoka)

Provisional Members
Itt Shden Mut-ry
Hki-ry Iaijutsu (Kumamoto)

Hki-ry Iaijutsu (Hyho)

Mugai-ry Iaijutsu


A ppendix 5 Bud References in English, French, German and Spanish

This list of books related to the various martial arts in English, French, Spanish and German is by no
means comprehensive, but should serve as a useful guide for further reading.


Stanley Pranin, Aikido News Encyclopedia, Aiki News, 1989

Stanley Pranin, the editor of the Aikido Journal, is one of the most influential and prolific writers on aikid.
This book is a valuable reference containing detailed information about many influential aikid masters,
and other useful material pertaining to the history and philosophy of the art.
Ueshiba Kisshmaru, The Spirit of Aikido, Kodansha International, 1988
Kisshmaru, second Dshu and son of the founder of aikid, presents some of the principles and
philosophies of the art in a clear and succinct way. This book is an interesting and informative introduction
into the often nebulous theories espoused in aikid.
Ueshiba Morihei, Budo: Teachings of the Founder of Aikido, Kodansha International, 1996
The founder of aikid did not write much about his art, making the content of this book originally penned
in the 1930s a valuable compendium of his ideals. Concise and inspirational in some sections, other areas are
somewhat difficult to comprehend. Nevertheless, this book is a vital addition to the martial arts scholar, and
the material was translated and edited masterfully by the well-known aikid practitioner John Stevens.


Kan Jigor, Kodokan Judo, Kodansha International, 1994

This book was first published in 1955, and is considered to be the definitive text on jd by many experts.
It contains descriptions of the formal techniques of jd, and all seven sets of kata. The descriptions are
brief, but are useful to both advanced and novice practitioners.
Syd Hoare, The AZ of Judo, Ippon Books, 1993
Syd Hoare collated information from a number of authoritative texts, and brought it together in this
volume with clear photographs to introduce many jd techniques. This book is a valuable reference for
the technical aspects of jd.


Funakoshi Gichin, The Twenty Guiding Principles of Karate: The Spiritual Legacy of the Master,
Kodansha International, 2003
Written by the father of Japanese karate, this volume examines the essence of the art he introduced into
mainland Japan in the 1920s. Although Funakoshi founded Shtkan karate, the principles contained in
the book are applicable to all styles of karate.
Nakayama Masatoshi, Dynamic Karate, Kodansha International, 1987
The late Masatoshi Nakayama, former chief instructor of the Japan Karate Association, illustrates in detail
the correct movements involved in various standard blocks, punches, and kicks used in karate. The book
also contains a useful glossary of karate terms.


Ozawa Hiroshi, Kendo: The Definitive Guide, Kodansha International, 1997

This highly acclaimed book contains useful information about all aspects of kend. This includes the history
of kend, techniques, competitions, and even guidelines for running training sessions. Ozawa hails from a
highly influential family of kend masters, and passed the extremely difficult 8-dan examination in 2010.

The History and Spirit of Bud

Sakai Toshinobu (translated by Alexander Bennett), Bilingual Guide to the History of Kendo, Ski
Journal, 2010
A recent addition to the growing body of literature related to kend, this book covers the historical
evolution of the philosophy and culture of Japanese swordsmanship. As a bilingual publication, the
Japanese text is placed on the left pages, and the English on the right. Apart from elucidating the often
confusing historical aspects of kend, this small volume may be of particular interest to practitioners who
are also studying the Japanese language.
Sasamori Junz and Gordon Warner, This is Kendo: The Art of Japanese Fencing, Tuttle Publishing, 1989 (reprint)
This book is considered the classic introduction to kend in the English language. Although slightly
dated now, especially some of explanations for applied techniques, it provides a relatively comprehensive
overview of kend history, culture and waza.
Kendo World Journal Vol. 15, Bunkasha International
Kendo World is a biannual publication devoted to kend, but also with sections dealing with kory, iaid,
jd and naginata and related arts. The content varies and contains information on history, philosophy,
and techniques of kend. Featuring articles translated from Kend Jidai and Kend Nihon, as well as
original articles, Kendo World is highly acclaimed as a reliable source of information, and the only regular
English language publication dedicated to the Japanese sword arts.


Onuma Hideharu, Dan and Jackie DeProspero, Kyudo: The Essence and Practice of Japanese
Archery, Kodansha International, 1993
This volume is undoubtedly the most comprehensive guide available in English on kyd. The authors offer
detailed explanations on both the spiritual and the technical aspects of the art. The text is accompanied
by hundreds of illustrations and photographs, making it a useful reference for practitioners of all levels.


Alexander Bennett, Naginata: The Definitive Guide, KW Publications, 2005

This book covers the history and practice of Naginata, using original source materials, and technical photos
taken under the guidance of Kimura Yasuko. Sanctioned by the International Naginata Federation, this is
the first comprehensive English-language guide to this growing martial art, and the first in any language
to comprehensively collate information on the history, philosophy, techniques and rules of the art into
one volume.


Alexander Bennett (ed.), Budo Perspectives, KW Publications, 2005

This publication is the result of an international symposium: The Direction of Japanese Bud in the 21st
Century: Past, Present, Future, conducted at the International Research Centre for Japanese Studies in
November, 2003. The book contains academic articles related to the history, philosophy, and educational
aspects of many different types of bud by leading Japanese and foreign scholars in the field.
Alexander Bennett (ed. & trans.), Bud: The Martial Ways of Japan, Nippon Budokan Foundation,
First published in Japanese to commemorate the 35th anniversary of the Japanese Bud Association, this
book is essentially a report by the various federations outlining the inroads made over the last four decades
in popularizing their arts, and the issues they face in the future. The underlying theme is one of urgency.
How can the bud world appeal to generations of people who potentially stand to benefit from what
bud has to offer? The purpose and content of the English version is slightly different from the Japanese
volume as it includes a degree of contextual clarification, specifically for non-Japanese readers with little
knowledge of Japans history, or of the various bud arts that exist.



Ueshiba Kisshomaru et Moriteru, Akido officiel Enseignement fondamental, traduction Josette

Nickels-Grolier, Noisy sur Ecole, Budo Editions, 2004
Manuel pratique avec photographies. Prsentation des techniques de prparation la pratique et des
techniques fondamentales de laikid. Traduit de langlais.
Ueshiba Moriteru, Akido officiel Enseignement suprieur, traduction Josette Nickels-Grolier,
Noisy sur Ecole, Budo Editions, 2005
Manuel pratique avec photographies. Prsentation des techniques avances et des techniques avec armes
de laikid. Ce volume introduit galement le travail sur le souffle. Traduit de langlais.


Brousse Michel, Les racines du judo franais, Pessac, Presses Universitaires de Bordeaux, 2005
Ce livre retrace la naissance et lvolution du jd en France ainsi que lhistoire de la fdration franaise
de jd. Michel Brousse y tablit une importante bibliographie comprenant manuels techniques, articles
scientifiques, bulletins fdraux, articles de presse, caricatures, photographies, etc. Attention, ce livre ne
traite pas des aspects purement techniques ou sportifs du jd (mouvements, techniques, rgles, kata...)
Kan Jigor, Judo Kodokan. La bible du judo, traduction Thierry Ple et Valrie Melin, Noisy sur
Ecole, Budo Editions, 2006
Cet ouvrage, crit par le fondateur du jd en collaboration avec plusieurs grands noms du Kdkan,
prsente lhistorique et les aspects thoriques de la discipline. La quasi intgralit des techniques du jd
y est consigne.
Kan Jigor, Lessence du judo, traduction Josette Nickels-Grolier, Noisy sur Ecole, Budo Editions, 2007
Ce livre runit plusieurs crits de Kan Jigr traitant des concepts clefs et de la philosophie du jd.
Traduit de langlais.


Funakoshi Gichin, Karate-do: ma voie, ma vie, traduction Valrie Melin, Noisy sur Ecole, Budo
Editions, 2007
Autobiographie du fondateur du karate moderne, Funakoshi Gichin. Ce livre regroupe des anecdotes
prsentes par lauteur, sans suivre de chronologie particulire. Traduit de langlais.


Delorme Pierre, Kendo: la voie du sabre, Paris, Guy Trdaniel Editeur, 2007
Introduction aux diffrents aspects de la pratique du kend, regroups en trois axes principaux: la posture,
la respiration et ltat desprit. Lauteur prsente les techniques de base et les coupes, avant daborder les
principes plus thoriques et spirituels de la discipline.


Herrigel Eugen, Le zen dans lart chevaleresque du tir larc, Paris, Editions Devry, 1998
Rcit autobiographique par le philosophe allemand Eugen Herrigel. Il retrace sa priode dapprentissage
du kyd au Japon dans les annes 1920. Le livre dcrit son parcours en tant qulve, sa rencontre avec
le matre de tir larc Awa Kenz, son premier cours, ses erreurs, le travail sur le souffle, ou bien encore
laspect spirituel du tir. Traduit de lallemand.
Onuma Hideharu, Kyudo lessence et la pratique du tir larc japonais, Noisy sur Ecole, Budo
Editions, 1998
Petite encyclopdie du kyd dans laquelle le matre Onuma Hideharu aborde des sujets aussi varis que la

The History and Spirit of Bud

technique du tir larc japonais, la philosophie et lhistoire du kyd, la construction dun dj ou le choix
de lquipement. Traduit de langlais.


Issai Chozan, Le sermon du tengu sur les arts martiaux, traduction Josette Nickels-Grolier, Noisy
sur Ecole, Budo Editions, 2008
Traduction franaise du Tengu geijutsu ron, trait achev en 1729 soulignant les bienfaits spirituels de
ltude du sabre. Ecrit en priode de paix, dans une socit rgie par la pense confucianiste, lauteur du
Tengu geijutsu ron soppose au bouddhisme et tente de dsavouer linfluence du Zen dans la pratique du
sabre. Traduit de langlais.
Miyamoto Musashi, Trait des cinq roues, traduction Maryse et Masumi Shibata, Paris, Editions
Albin Michel, 1983
Traduction franaise du Gorin no sho, trait descrime et de stratgie de Miyamoto Musashi crit au XVIIe
sicle. Le texte est divis en cinq parties: le Rouleau de la terre o sont dcrits les principes gnraux des
arts martiaux et de la stratgie, le Rouleau de leau o est dcrit le style de Musashi, le Rouleau du feu
traitant de la stratgie appliquer en duel ou sur les champs de bataille, le Rouleau du vent o Musashi
pointe du doigt les erreurs commises par les autres coles, et enfin le Rouleau du vide o sont exposs
certains principes sotriques. Traduit du japonais.
Yagyu Munenori, Le sabre de vie: les enseignements secrets de la maison du Shgun, traduction
Josette Nickels-Grolier, Noisy sur Ecole, Budo Editions, 2005
Traduction franaise du Heih kadensho, trait descrime et de stratgie de Yagy Munenori, crit au XVIIe
sicle. La premire partie prsente les techniques et les principes de lcole Shinkage-ry. Sont exposs par
la suite des aspects plus philosophiques, notamment emprunts au Zen, comme la thorie du sabre de
mort et de lpe de vie (settsu-nin t / katsu-jin ken). Traduit de langlais.

Ouvrages divers

Amdur Ellis, Traditions martiales. Origine et transmission du savoir dans les coles descrime
japonaise, traduction Guy LeSieur et Yvon Racine, Noisy sur Ecole, Budo Editions, 2006
Ouvrage traitant des coles martiales traditionnelles du Japon. De nombreux styles et plusieurs armes y
sont prsents. Le livre contient galement un article traitant des femmes guerrires au Japon. Lauteur
propose enfin une critique du naginata sportif moderne. Traduit de langlais.
Andlauer Dominique, Vertu et richesse de ltiquette dans les arts martiaux traditionnels japonais,
Paris, Amphora, 1996
A travers ce livre, Dominique Andlauer examine diffrents aspects de lEtiquette dans les arts martiaux et
bud japonais. Aprs une premire partie dintroduction gnrale, lauteur retranscrit plusieurs interviews
sur le thme de lEtiquette menes avec des professeurs daikid, de iaid, de jd, de karate...
Tokitsu Kenji, Bud Le ki et le sens du combat, Molans-Revel, Editions DsIris, 2000
Etude sur lutilisation du ki et sur son importance dans le combat au sabre (kend) et dans le karate.
Lauteur compare galement les diffrentes relations au ki quentretiennent ces deux disciplines.
Tokitsu Kenji, Miyamoto Musashi, matre de sabre japonais du xviie sicle, Molans-Revel,
Editions DsIris, 1998
Ce livre se prsente comme une biographie de Miyamoto Musashi. Il contient une analyse de plusieurs
de ses crits. Le Gorin no sho y est intgralement traduit et lon y trouve aussi lune des rares traductions
franaises (bien que partielle) du Heih sanjgo kajo.




Stevens John, Unendlicher Friede. Die Biographie von Morihei Ueshiba, Grnder des Aikid,
Kristkeitz Verlag, 2002
In der vorliegenden Biografie werden anhand des Lebensweges Ueshibas historische und gesellschaftliche
Hintergrnde der Entstehung des Aikid aufgezeigt.
Ueshiba Kisshmaru, Der Geist des Aikid, Kristkeitz Verlag, 2003
Verfasst vom Sohn des Begrnders. Neben den technischen Prinzipien werden die erzieherischen und
geistigen Aspekte dieser Kampfkunst ausfhrlich dargelegt.
Ueshiba Morihei, Bud. Das Lehrbuch des Grnders des Aikid, Kristkeitz Verlag, 1997
Die Bearbeitete bersetzung von Ueshibas Lehrbuch Bud von 1938 stellt ein wertvolles Dokument zur
Entwicklung des Aikido in der Vorkriegszeit. dar. Ueshiba erlutert Technik, Geist und Zielsetzung seiner
Kunst. Zahlreiche historische Fotos zeigen den Grnder in der Frhphase des Aikido.


Kan Jigor, Kdkan Jd, Verlag Dieter Born, 2007 (Japanische Erstauflage 1956)
Revidierte deutsche Fassung von Kdkan Jd, basierend auf der englischen bersetzung. Umfassende
Erluterung des kompletten Lehrprogramms des Kdkan Jd, verfasst von Kan, dem Grnder der
Schule und weiteren fhrenden Meistern des Kdkan. Das Buch behandelt grundlegende Prinzipien
und Techniken des Jd, auerdem sind eine Abhandlung zum freien Kampf (randori) sowie smtliche
Formen (kata) enthalten. Des weiteren sind Erluterungen zu Geschichte, erste Hilfe usw. enthalten.
Niehaus Andreas, Leben und Werk Kan Jigors (1860-1938). Ein Forschungsbeitrag zur
Leibeserziehung und zum Sport in Japan, Ergon, 2003
Unfassende Darstellung der Geschichte des Jd und der Rolle Kans fr Leibeserziehung und Sport in
Velte Herbert, Judo von A-Z, Pietsch Verlag, 2009
Lexikon mit ber 2000 Fachbegriffen in alphabetischer Reihenfolge, auerdem sind eine Chronik der
Entwicklung des Judo in Deutschland und ein kurzer Abriss zum geschichtlicher Hintergrund des Judo


Bittmann Heiko, Die Lehre des Karate-d, Verlag Heiko Bittmann, 2000
Verkrzte Fassung der Dissertation von 1999, erschienen im selben Verlag. Umfangreiche Darstellung der
Geschichte des Karate und der kulturellen Hintergrnde, sowie Erluterung der wesentlichen Lehrtexte
der vier Hauptstilrichtungen und Biografien ihrer Begrnder.
Funakoshi Gichin, Karate-d. Mein Weg, Kristkeitz Verlag, 2001
Deutsche Fassung von Karate d ichiro, erstmals erschienen 1956. Autobiografie Funakoshi Gichins.
Enthlt neben persnlichen Erfahrungen und Anekdoten auch Gedanken zu Hintergrnden, Philosophie
und Geschichte des Karate.
Funakoshi Gichin, Karate-D Nymon. Einfhrung zum Meistertext, Schlatt Verlag, 2000
1943 erschien das Buch erstmals in japanischer Sprache unter dem Titel Karate Nymon. Die deutsche
Fassung basiert auf der englischen bersetzung von 1988. Die Zusammenstellung der wesentlichen
Lehrtexte Funakoshis umfasst Zielsetzung, Methodik und Technik des Karate. Die wesentlichen Formen
(kata), welche die Grundlage des heutigen shtkan bilden, werden ausfhrlich erlutert.

The History and Spirit of Bud

Handel Horst, Karate oder das Wesen des D, Schlatt Verlag, 1998
Umfassende Darstellung des Karate, verfasst von einem der Pioniere des Karate in Deutschland. Neben
den technischen und sportlichen Aspekten des Karate werden auch Geschichte und Philosophie umfassend
Fraguas Jose M., Karate Masters, Schlatt Verlag, 2008
Interviews mit mehr als 20 Karate-Pionieren des 20. Jahrhunderts, die an der internationalen Verbreitung des Karate
mageblich beteiligt waren. Es kommen Meister aus Japan, Australien, Europa und Nordamerika zu Wort.


Oshima Kotaro und Kozo Ando, Kendo. Lehrbuch des japanischen Schwertkampfes, Weinmann.
Erluterung von Ausrstung und Waffe, Grundtechniken und Anwendung in der Wettkampfpraxis,
auerdem Darstellungen der mageblichen Formen (kata). Allerdings wird in dem Buch kaum auf den
geschichtlichen Hintergrund eingegangen.


Herrigel Eugen, Zen in der Kunst des Bogenschiessens, O.W.Barth Verlag (bei Scherz), 2003
(erstmals erschienen 1948)
Anhand seiner eigenen Erfahrungen in Japan schildert Herrigel aus westlicher Sicht das Die Kunst des
Bogenschieens als spirituellen Weg im Sinne des Zen-Buddhismus.
Hoff Feliks F. und Genshiro Inagaki, Kyudo. Die Kunst des Bogenschiessens, Weinmann, 2005
(Erstauflage 1979)
Standardlehrwerk des japanischen Bogenschieens. Neben der historischen Entwicklung werden Technik,
Material und Trainingsmethoden ausfhrlich behandelt.

Allgemeine Darstellungen

Hanelt Klaus, Taschenwrterbuch der Kampfknste Japans, Verlag Dieter Born, 2009
Zusammenstellung gebruchlicher Fachbegriffe aus den japanischen Kampfknsten in lateinischer
Umschrift und japanischen Schriftzeichen in rund 3700 Eintrgen mit dem Schwerpunkt auf Jd. Begriffe
aus anderen Bud-Disziplinen wie Aikid, Kend usw. wurden ebenfalls aufgenommen, auerdem sind
Erluterungen zu den historischen Hintergrnden enthalten.
Mller Jrg (Herausgeber), Die Geschichte der Kampfknste, Lneburg, Verlag der Universitt
Lneburg, 1996
Aufsatzsammlung zur Geschichte der einzelnen Bud-Knste. Enthalten sind u.a. Darstellungen zu Judo
und Karate.
Reid Howard and Michael Croucher, Der Weg des Kriegers. Kampfsportarten-Tradition, Technik,
Geist, Hugendubel, 1999
berblick ber die ostasiatischen Kampfknste mit Schwerpunkt auf Indien, China und Japan unter
ausfhrlicher Erluterung der jeweiligen kulturellen und gesellschaftlichen Hintergrnde.
Von Saldern Matthias, Budo in heutiger Zeit, Universitt Lneburg, 1998
Sammlung von Vortrgen, gehalten auf dem ersten Europischen Bud Symposiums, das 1998 in
Deutschland, unter Zusammenarbeit mit der japanischen Botschaft statt fand.




Sat Nagashima, Aikido Bsico, Editorial Alas, Barcelona, 1982

Como dice el ttulo del libro, este libro es para instruir el Aikido bsicamente. Explica qu es el Aikido
y el Ki al principio del libro. Despus explica los movimientos del cuerpo y las tcnicas con muchas
J.S Nalda Albiac, Apuntes de Aikido, Editorial Alas, Barcelona, 1981
Como el ttulo del libro, no es el libro de instrucciones sino el libro que explica los trminos del Aikido
con las caricaturas. Contiene, por ejemplo, el Ki, la Respiracin, Tai-sabaki, La no-violencia, el Bushido,
el Zen etc. Para los que tienen inters en el Aikido o apenas empiezan el Aikido es muy til.


Jean-Franois Renault & Ana Mara Arranz Carabias, El Judo en Diez lecciones, Editorial
Cantbrica, Bilbao, 1975
Este libro es un manual en el que se trata de lo bsico del Judo. Y empieza con los grandes principios,
donde explican cmo ponerse el cinturn, manera de saludarse, etc. Despus ven los nagewaza, katamewaza con las ilustraciones. Al final del libro se encuentra Anexo de A a Z, donde se pueden buscar los
trminos para entender mejor el jd.
Cesar Barioli, El Judo en 12 lecciones, Editorial de Vecchi, Barcelona, 1979
Este libro trata del Judo general. Se explican los diferentes waza detalladamente con algunas ilustraciones.
Al final se explican los Reglamentos Internacionales de competiciones de Judo y Palabras utilizadas por
el rbitro en el transcurso del arbitraje. Entonces, este libro se sirve no slo para los principiantes sino
tambin para los que llevan tiempo practicando Judo.
Jen Heim, El Judo - Aprndalo por s mismo,Espasa-Calpe, Madrid, 1967
Como el subttulo dice, este libro es til para aprender el Judo por s mismo. Explica desde los principios
generales del Judo hasta la preparacin para las competiciones. Se utilizan muchas fotos sobre los waza con
los que nos hacen ms fcil aprenderlo.
Robert Lasserre, Judo. Manual prctico: Segn las enseanzas del Kodokan de Tokio. Editorial
Hispano Europea, 1975
Este libro trata del Judo desde su historia hasta el reglamento de los torneos. Lo caracterstico de este libro
es que explica los waza desde el punto de vista del movimiento del cuerpo. Por ejemplo, los Ashi-waza se
dividen en dos grupos: los movimientes realizados al nuvel del tobillo y los con toda la pierna. Se utilizan
muchas ilustraciones no slo de las formas sino los movimientos de las piernas.
Raymond Thomas, Judo Moderno: Nage no Kata, Editorial Alas, Barcelona, 1980
Este libro tiene slo 76 pginas, donde explican el Judo bsico. Es principalmente para los principiantes,
y explica los Kata del Judo con las ilustraciones. Es el primer libro de los libros en serie sobre el Judo.
Raymond Thomas, Judo Moderno: Programa para cinturn blanco y amarillo, Editorial Alas,
Barcelona, 1971
A continuacin del libro mencionado arriba, este libro trata de las explicaciones para los que acaba de
empezar el Judo de como el segundo libro de la serie. Entonces, este libro contiene lo bsico del Judo como
Qu es el Judo?, Nacimiento del Judo etc. Como apndice, existe la lista de las palabras en japons
empleadas en el Judo con las palabras espaolas adecuadas, que es til para entender major el Judo.


The History and Spirit of Bud

Raymond Thomas, Judo Moderno: Programa para cinturn naranja y verde, Editorial Alas,
Barcelona, 1972
Este libro es como el tercer libro de los libros en serie sobre el Judo. Entonces, en este libro se trata de los waza para
el nivel de tercer Kyu (cinturn verde) y cuarto Kyu (cinturn naranja) del Judo, con algunas ilustraciones.
Raymond Thomas, Judo Moderno: Programa para cinturn azul y marrn, Editorial Alas,
Barcelona, 1972
Este libro es como el cuarto libro de los libros en serie sobre el Judo. Entonces, este libro trata de los waza
ms difciles para el nivel del primer Kyu (cinturn marrn) y del segundo Kyu (cinturn azul) del Judo,
con algunas ilustraciones.
Tony Reay y Geoffrey Hobbs, Manual de Judo, Editorial Diana, Mxico, 1989
Este libro fue escrito en ingls en Londres el 1979, y traducido al espaaol por el Editorial Diana. Este
libro trata de lo bsico del Judo y ve no slo las tcnicas del Judo sino su historia, sus reglas para la
competicin, la manera de entrenamiento etc.Para explicar las tcnicas utilizan muchos dibujos que nos
facilitan entenderlas mejor. Para el entrenamiento, tambin se utilizan los dibujos. Este libro es til para
los principiantes y para los que llevan poco tiempo practicando Judo.


John Pancham, El Kendo : La esgrima japonesa, tcnicas y katas, Editorial Alas, Barcelona, 1986
Este libro slo tiene 61 pginas, que explica el Kendo desde su historia hasta las combinaciones bsicas con
muchas fotos que facilitan entender bien el Kendo a los lectores.


Jos Santos Nalda, Kyudo, Editorial Alas, Barcelona, 1988

Este libro es un manual elemental del Kyudo, que explica el concepto y el espritu del Kyudo, y tambin las
tcnicas. Sin embargo, este libro abunda muchas ilustraciones( o caricaturas) pero con pocas explicaciones. Parece
que este libro es para la presentacin del Kyudo que sirve para que los lectores tengan inters en el Kyudo.


Jos Santos Nalda, Naginata, Editorial Alas, Barcelona, 1988

Este libro es para explicar el Naginata desde el principio hasta la manera de competicin. Para este motivo,
al principio del libro explica la historia de Naginata con caricaturas. Despus explica las posturas, los
movimientos y los kata con muchas ilustraciones. Es tlil como una introduccin del Naginata.