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using

Subset Construction Algorithm

Example:

By using subset construction algorithm convert the following NFA

we need to remove :

1. transition

That require to construct closure (s)

Mov(T,a)

{0} =

{1} =

{2} =

{3} =

{4} =

{5} =

{6} =

{7} =

{8} =

{9} =

{10} =

{0 , 1, 2, 4, 7}

{1, 2, 4}

{2}

{1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7}

{4}

{1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7}

{1, 2, 4, 6, 7}

{7}

{8}

{9}

{10}

Example: Second step: Looking for the start state for the DFA

The start state A of the equivalent DFA is closure (0)

The closure (0) = {0, 1, 2, 4, 7}

Then the starting state

A = {0, 1, 2, 4, 7}

b

{0, 1, 2, 4, 7}

A

First determine the input alphabet

Second compute:

1. Dtran[A,a] = -closure(move(A,a))

2. Dtran[A,b] = -closure(move(A,b))

Remember:

A = {0, 1, 2, 4, 7}

1. Dtran[A,a] = -closure(move(A,a))

Among the state 0, 1, 2, 4, 7, only 2 and 7 have transitions on a to 3 and 8,

respectively.

Thus move(A,a)

= {3, 8}

So we conclude:

Dtran[A,a] = -closure(move(A,a)) = - closure ({3,8} = {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8}

Let us call this set B so:

Dtran[A,a] = B

{1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8}

2. Dtran[A,b] = -closure(move(A,b))

Among the states in A, only 4 has a transition on b, and it goes to 5

Thus:

Dtran[A,b] = -closure(move(A,b)) = - closure ({5} = {1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7 }

Let us call this set C so:

Dtran[A,b] = C

{1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7 }

Third compute:

3. Dtran[B,a] = -closure(move(B,a))

4. Dtran[B,b] = -closure(move(B,b))

3. Dtran[B,a] = -closure(move(B,a))

Among the states in B, only 2, 7 has a transition on a, and it goes to {3, 8}

respectively

Thus:

Dtran[B,a] = -closure(move(B,a)) = - closure ({3,8} = {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8 }

Dtran[B,a] = B

{1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8 }

4. Dtran[B,b] = -closure(move(B,b))

Among the states in B, only 4, 8 has a transition on b, and it goes to {5, 9}

respectively

Thus:

Dtran[B,b] = -closure(move(B,b)) = - closure ({5,9} = {1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7,9}

Dtran[B,b] = D

{1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7,9}

Fourth compute:

5. Dtran[C,a] = -closure(move(C,a))

6. Dtran[C,b] = -closure(move(C,b))

5. Dtran[C,a] = -closure(move(C,a))

Among the states in C, only 2, 7 has a transition on a, and it goes to {3, 8}

respectively

Thus:

Dtran[C,a] = -closure(move(C,a)) = - closure ({3,8} = {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8 }

Dtran[C,a] = B

{1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7 }

6. Dtran[C,b] = -closure(move(C,b))

Among the states in C, only 4 has a transition on b, and it goes to {5}

respectively

Thus:

Dtran[C,b] = -closure(move(C,b)) = - closure ({5} = {1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7}

Dtran[C,b] = C

{1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7}

C

Fifth compute:

7. Dtran[D,a] = -closure(move(D,a))

8. Dtran[D,b] = -closure(move(D,b))

7. Dtran[D,a] = -closure(move(D,a))

Among the states in D, only 2, 7 has a transition on a, and it goes to {3, 8}

respectively

Thus:

Dtran[D,a] = -closure(move(D,a)) = - closure ({3,8} = {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8 }

Dtran[D,a] = B

{1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7,9}

8. Dtran[D,b] = -closure(move(D,b))

Among the states in D, only 4 and 9 has a transition on b, and it goes to {5,

10} respectively

Thus:

Dtran[D,b] = -closure(move(D,b)) = - closure ({5,10} = {1,2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10}

Dtran[D,b] = E

b

a

{1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9}

Finally compute:

9. Dtran[E,a] = -closure(move(E,a))

10. Dtran[E,b] = -closure(move(E,b))

9. Dtran[E,a] = -closure(move(E,a))

Among the states in E, only 2, 7 has a transition on a, and it goes to {3, 8}

respectively

Thus:

Dtran[E,a] = -closure(move(E,a)) = - closure ({3,8} = {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8 }

Dtran[E,a] = B

{1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7,9}

Among the states in E, only 4 has a transition on b, and it goes to {5}

respectively

Thus:

Dtran[E,b] = -closure(move(E,b)) = - closure ({5} = {1,2, 4, 5, 6, 7}

Dtran[E,b] = C

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