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verbos irregulares

INFINITIVO

PASADO

PARTICIPIO SIGNIFICADO

arise

arose

arisen

Elevarse, surgir, originarse.

awake

awoke

awoken

Despertar, mover, excitar.

bear

bore

born

Soportar, sostener, tolerar.

beat

beat

beaten

Batir,revolver, golpear,
vencer.

become

became

become

Hacerse,tornarse,convertirse
en.

begin

began

begun

Empezar, iniciar.

bend

bent

bent

Doblar, inclinar, torcer.

bet

bet

bet

Apostar

bind

bound

bound

Atar, unir, enlazar.

bite

bit

bitten

Morder.

blow

blew

blown

Soplar

break

broke

broken

Quebrar, partir, romper.

bring

brought

brought

Traer, llevar, conducir.

build

built

built

Construir, edificar.

burn

burnt

burnt

Quemar, incendiar.

burst

burst

burst

Romper, reventar.

buy

bought

bought

Comprar

catch

caught

caught

Coger, asir, atrapar.

choose

chose

chosen

Escoger, elegir.

cling

clung

clung

Asirse, adherirse, pegarse.

come

came

come

Venir

cost

cost

cost

Costar

creep

crept

crept

Arrastrarse,deslizarse,
pegarse.

cut

cut

cut

Cortar, dividir.

deal

dealt

dealt

Tratar, tener que referirse.

dig

dug

dug

Cavar, ahondar.

do

did

done

Hacer, ejecutar.

draw

drew

drawn

Tirar, arrastrarse, atraer,


dibujar.

drink

drank

drunk

Beber

drive

drove

driven

Impulsar, conducir, llevar,


inducir.

fall

fell

fallen

Caer, disminuir.

feed

fed

fed

Alimentar, nutrir.

feel

felt

felt

Sentir, percibir, tocar.

fight

fought

fought

Pelear, combatir.

find

found

found

Encontrar, descubrir.

find out

found out

found out

Averiguar, investigar.

flee

fled

fled

Escapar, hur, evitar.

fly

flew

flown

Volar

forbid

forbade

forbidden

Prohibir.

foresee

foresaw

foreseen

Prever, prevenir

forget

forgot

forgotten

Olvidar (se)

forgive

forgave

forgiven

Perdonar

freeze

froze

frozen

Congelar

get

got

got (ten)

Lograr, obtener, conseguir.

give

gave

given

Dar, conceder.

go

went

gone

Ir (se), funcionar, resultar.

grind

ground

ground

Moler, triturar.

grow

grew

grown

Crecer, cultivar.

hang

hung

hung

Colgar, Suspender.

have

had

had

Tener, haber.

hear

heard

heard

Or, escuchar.

hide

hid

hid (den)

Ocultar, encubrir.

hit

hit

hit

Pegar, golpear, acertar.

hold

held

held

Sostener,mantener,contener.

hurt

hurt

hurt

Herir, daar, lastimar.

keep

kept

kept

Mantener,guardar,conservar.

know

knew

known

Conocer, saber.

lay

laid

laid

Poner, colocar.

lead

led

led

Guiar, llevar, conducir.

lean

leant

leant

Inclinar(se), apoyarse.

learn

learnt

learnt

Aprender, saber.

leave

left

left

Partir, irse, abandonar.

lend

lent

lent

Prestar

let

let

let

Permitir, conceder.

lie

lay

lain

Tenderse, descansar, estar,


situado.

light

lit

lit

Alumbrar, iluminar, encender


(se).

lose

lost

lost

Perder, malgastar.

make

made

made

Hacer, confeccionar,
producir.

mean

meant

meant

Significar,querer decir
pretender.

meet

met

met

Encontrarse, satisfacer.

melt

melted

molten (old) Derretir(se), fundir(se).

mistake

mistook

mistaken

Equivocarse, comprender
mal, errar

misundersta misundersto misundersto


Entender mal.
nd
od
od

overcome

overcame

overcome

Vencer, superar,
sobreponerse.

pay

paid

paid

Pagar, recompensar.

put

put

put

Poner,colocar, exponer.

read

read

read

Leer,descifrar, marcar.

rebuild

rebuilt

rebuilt

Reconstruir

rid

rid

rid

Librarse, zafarse.

ride

rode

ridden

Rodar, tener juego, funcionar.

ring

rang

rung

Tocar, sonar.

rise

rose

risen

Ascender,elevarse,levantarse
, surgir.

run

ran

run

Correr, funcionar.

saw

sawed

sawn

Cortar con sierra, aserrar.

say

said

said

Decir, afirmar.

see

saw

seen

Ver, observar.

seek

sought

sought

Buscar, solicitar.

sell

sold

sold

Vender

send

sent

sent

Enviar

set

set

set

Instalar, establecer, colocar,


fijar.

shake

shook

shaken

Sacudir, lanzar, agitar.

shed

shed

shed

Derramar, esparcir, dejar


caer.

shine

shone

shone

Brillar, relumbrar, sobresalir.

shoot

shot

shot

Disparar, emitir, lanzar.

show

showed

shown

Mostrar, excibir, probar,


demostar.

shrink

shrank

shrunk

Encogerse, disminuir,
desaparecer.

shut

shut

shut

Cerrar, impedir, exclur.

sing

sang

sung

Cantar

sink

sank

sunk

Hundir, sumergir

sit

sat

sat

Sentarse, reunirse.

sleep

slept

slept

Dormir

slide

slid

slid(den)

Resbalar, deslizarse,
escabullirse.

smell

smelt

smelt

Oler, percibir.

speak

spoke

spoken

Hablar, decir.

speed

sped

sped

Acelerar, apresurarse.

spend

spent

spent

Gastar, consumir, emplear


(tiempo).

spill

spilt

spilt

Derramar, verter, divulgar.

spin

spun

spun

Tornear, hilar, hacer girar.

split

split

split

Partir, dividir, separar,


reventar.

spoil

spoilt

spoilt

Deteriorar, daar, inutilizar.

spread

spread

spread

Extender, esparcir, propagar.

spring

sprang

sprung

Saltar, soltar, brotar, surgir.

stand

stood

stood

Pararse, tolerar, estar (de


pi).

steal

stole

stolen

Robar, escabullirse.

stick

stuck

stuck

Pegar, adherirse, prender,


fijar.

stink

stank

stunk

Oler mal, apestar.

strike

struck

struck

Golpear, pegar, estallar.

swell

swelled

swollen

Hinchar, inflamar, engrosar.

swim

swam

swum

Nadar, flotar.

swing

swung

swung

Balancera(se), hacer girar.

take

took

taken

Tomar, llevar.

teach

taught

taught

Ensear

tear

tore

torn

Romper, despedazar, rasgar.

tell

told

told

Decir, contar, narrar.

think

thought

thought

Pensar, creer.

throw

threw

thrown

Lanzar, tirar, impeler, arrojar.

thrust

thrust

thrust

Introducir con violencia,


empujar, impeler

undergo

underwent

undergone

Sufrir, experimentar, pasar


por.

understand

understood

understood

Comprender.

undertake

undertook

undertaken

Emprender, comenzar algo.

undo

undid

undone

Desarmar, deshacer.

wake

woke

woke (n)

Despertar, excitar.

wear

Wore

worn

Gastar(se), consumirse, usar.

win

Won

won

Ganar, conquistar.

wind

Wound

wound

Enroscar(se), serpentear,
girar.

withdraw

Withdrew

withdrawn

Retirar, retractarse, quitar.

withstand

Withstood

withstood

Resistir, oponerse, soportar.

Leer ms: http://www.monografias.com/trabajos95/verbos-irregularesingles/verbos-irregulares-ingles.shtml#ixzz3YAc57DKA

Constructing Sentences (Construir frases)


A continuacin se presenta una revisin de la estructura bsica de las frases
afirmativas, negativas e interrogativas. Para ms informacin sobre la
estructura de frases, ver las lecciones de los tiempos verbales.
Affirmative Sentences (Frases afirmativas)
Estructura Sujeto + verbo + nombre, adjetivo...

Ejemplos:

I'm happy.

Play
I'm happy. (Estoy contento.)

She likes ice cream.

Play
She likes ice cream. (Le gusta el helado.)

We live in Madrid.

Play
We live in Madrid. (Vivimos en Madrid.)

They have a car. They have got a car.

Play
They have a car./They have got a car. (Tienen un coche.)
Negative Sentences (Frases negativas)
Dependiendo del verbo, hay dos formas para construir frases negativas:
1. Como regla general, para construir frases negativas
necesitamos el verbo auxiliar "to do". Conjugamos el verbo
auxiliar ("to do") en frases negativas. El verbo principal va en la
forma infinitiva.
Estructura Sujeto + verbo auxiliar ("to do") + auxiliar negativo
+ verbo principal + nombre, adjetivo...
o

Ejemplos

She doesn't like ice cream.

Play
She doesn't like ice cream. (No le gusta el helado.)
o

We don't live in Madrid.

Play
We don't live in Madrid. (No vivimos en Madrid.)
o

They don't have a car.

Play
They don't have a car. (No tienen un coche.)
Nota a tener en cuenta con los verbos "have" y "have got".
Los dos verbos significan "tener". La nica diferencia est en el uso del
auxiliar en el momento de hacer frases interrogativas o frases negativas. En
la forma "have got" el verbo "have" ya hace de auxiliar, pero el verbo
"have" s necesita el auxiliar "to do" para construir la frase negativa e
interrogativa.
2. Con los verbos "to be" (ser/estar) y "have got" (tener) no
necesitamos un auxiliar adicional para hacer negaciones. Ten
en cuenta que con el verbo "have got" la partcula negativa se
coloca entre "have" y "got".
EstructuraSujeto + verbo + auxiliar negativo + nombre, adjetivo...
o

Ejemplos

I'm not happy.

Play
I'm not happy. (No estoy contento.)
o

They've not got a car. They haven't got a car.

Play
They've not [they haven't] got a car. (No tienen un coche.)
Interrogative Sentences (Frases interogativas)
Como en las frases negativas, hay dos formas de frases interrogativas.
1. Como regla general, necesitamos el verbo auxiliar ("to do")
para construir frases interrogativas. Como con las frases
negativas, conjugamos el verbo auxiliar ("to do") y el verbo principal
va en la forma infinitiva.
Estructura Verbo auxiliar ("to do") + sujeto + verbo principal + nombre,
adjetivo...?
o

Ejemplos

Does she like ice cream?

Play
Does she like ice cream? (Le gusta el helado?)
o

Play

Do you live in Madrid?

Do you live in Madrid? (Vives en Madrid?)


o

Do they have a car?

Play
Do they have a car? (Tienen un coche?)
2. Con los verbos "to be" (ser/estar) y "have got" (tener).
Estructura Verbo + sujeto + nombre, adjetivo...?
o

Ejemplos

Is he happy?

Play
Is he happy? (Est contento?)
o

Have they got a car?

Play
Have they got a car? (Tienen un coche?)
Note: Es importante tener en cuenta cmo se cambia el orden de las
palabras en las frases interrogativas. Estas frases comienzan con el verbo
principal o auxiliar, en vez de con el sujeto como en las frases afirmativas y
negativas.
http://www.curso-ingles.com/gramatica-inglesa/negativas-interrogativas.php