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Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(Issue 1

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Collection of GSM RNP technical
problems and replies(No. 1)
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Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
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2004-05-288

Confidential Information of Huawei.
No Spreading without Permission

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....................Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(Issue 1) Internal Open Contents 1 How to realize diversity for different CDU configurations ............................................................................................... access level .... Total12 ........................................................... The effect of Tower Mounted Amplifier on Diversity Receiving ...................................11 2004-05-288 Confidential Information of Huawei..............6 9.................................................10 18 Direct retry in combined networking....................................6 10............9 16 BTS configuration after Capacity expansion................. No Spreading without Permission Page2........... Over-sea coverage............................ IUO prbolem4 ..............................6 8....................... RACH min............8 13............................ No measurement result outputs for traffic statistic.... IUO problem2 ................................... The measurement result of “TCH call drop connected” deviates a lot from that of “TCH call drop connected”...............................................................................................................4 5........... It is hard to make a call in the case of signal with the receiving level of -80dBm...8 15 Signaling procedure ..................................................................................... . IUO problem3 ............................10 19 Please explain the T3105 and Max resent times of physical information ...................................... .....................................................................................................................11 20 Why No response for paging ..........9 17 Rural network..........................8 14.....................................4 4.................................................5 6............7 11................3 2 Meaning of an interface band statistics.................................................................................................................................................................... IUO problem1 .........................................................................................3 3 Function Control problem................. IUO traffic statistics......................................................................................................5 7...............................................................................7 12.....................

On Confidential Information of Huawei. how can we realize diversity in EDU+CDU mode? Reply CDU EDU 2-in-1 Duplexer 1-to-4 1-to-2 TRX0-1 Main receiving TRX2-3 Diversity receiving The 4-TRX EDU+CDU mode As shown in the figure above. Via the 1-to-4 distribution unit. For a 4-TRX sector. it does not mean that there is not any interference since the measurement is a statistic of idle TCHs. No Spreading without Permission Page3. Every multi-frame reports the number of the idle TCHs. via two 1-to-2 distribution units. Two channels of TRXs of a 4-TRX sector have a loss of 1.0dB). Total12 .0dB.0dB.5dB (in case each sector is with three TRXs. two TRXs reach the antenna feeder via CDU’s 2-in-1 combining unit and duplex with the loss of 4. two other TRXs reach the antenna feeder via EDU’s 2-channel duplexer with the loss of 1. one TRX reaches the antenna feeder directly via the duplexer with the loss of 1. EDU+CDU mode (requiring three sets of antennas. IUO mode can adopted as a coverage solution.0dB.Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(Issue 1) Internal Open 1. generally not adopted ) is used.5dB. The BSC averages all of the measurement results in a measurement period. and the other two have a loss of 4. receiving of CDU serves as the main receiving of three or four TRXs. 2. In case each sector is with four TRXs. Meaning of an interface band statistics Problem Detail Description Reply 2004-05-288 Meaning of an interface band statistics What does the parameter “Average amount of idle TCHs in interference band 4 during the statistics period” means? The BTS measures idle TCHs in the interference band 4 with the SACCH frame of every 26 frames over the inactive TCH channels (the SACCH frame over the active TCH channels are for the statistic of measurement reports). Even if the measurement results of the interference band 0-2 are small. How to realize diversity for different CDU configurations Problem Detail Description How to realize diversity for different CDU configurations For a 3/4-TRX sector. The three channels of TRXs of a 3-TRX sector have a loss of 1. 2-channel receiving of EDU serves as the diversity receiving of three or four TRXs. the EDU+CDU mode supports at most four TRXs in case of three antennas & feeders.

and the underlaid subcell if otherwise? Confidential Information of Huawei. they all support HW_2 function control down. it is necessary to enable the BTS measurement report pre-processing to set HW_2 function control data. It is HW-2 function control that takes effect since the Field function control table is configured with HW-2 function control. ”If the BTS or the BSC supports the function control. Function Control problem Problem Detail Description Reply Function control problem For BTS3X 00. It lessens Abis interface signaling flows and BSC load.0520B and later.07. is 18. will the MS prefer the overlaid subcell when the MS receiving level is higher than -92dBm. the functiron control proceeds at the BSC side. In this case. The function control down can improve the system performance. 4. shortens the response time and optimizes the network performance. Questions: Whether the HW-2 function control is related to the BTS measurement report pre-processing? Which function control the data configuration is delivered to. If the BTS measurement report pre-processing is disabled. No Spreading without Permission Page4. takes effect when the user selects the option of system optimization. and at the BSC side when it is set as “N”. 3. users must consider whether the BTS supports the corresponding function control algorithm. Before. Function control proceeds at the BTS side when the parameter is set as “Y”. ”Function control down” indicates the function control proceeds at the BTS side.0529 and later. Suppose the Assign-Optimum-Level Thrsh. HW-1 or HW-2? Will the function control be affected if we disable the function control down? The setting of the BTS measurement report pre-processing parameter decides where the measurement report is pre-processed. the “function control down” function is irrelative to the generations (HW_1 or HW_2) of the function control.Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(Issue 1) Internal Open peak hours. setting this parameter. TCH are almost all occupied. so the measurement results of various interference bands may be small. Total12 . BSC 00. IUO problem1 Problem Detail description 2004-05-288 IUO problem1 The setting of Assign-Optimum-Level Thrsh. The BTS measurement report pre-processing parameter must be set as “Y" to enable “function control down”.

the uplink signals may be too weak. Yes. the overlaid subcell is preferred if the uplink level in SDCCH measurement report is greater than -92dBm.Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(Issue 1) Reply Internal Open For any value configured for Assign-Optimum-Level Thrsh. It is true. If an MS keeps on selecting the underlaid subcell. does it mean an MS will select the overlaid subcell first no matter how higher the receiving level is. and it selects the overlaid subcell only when the underlaid subcell is busy? 2. 3. For the configuration of no preferment. If otherwise. does it mean an MS prefers the overlaid subcell within coverage of the overlaid subcell. IUO problem3 Problem Detail description Reply 2004-05-288 IUO Problem3 What is the signal intensity difference between the overlaid subcell and the underlaid subcell? What will happen if this parameter is not configured correctly? Since the differences in transmission power and path loss between the overlaid subcell and the underlaid subcell may lead to differences in receiving signal intensity accordingly. Total12 . The value set for this parameter indicates a power compensation for the overlaid subcell. Inconsistency between the receiving level threshold and the assignment preferable range may lead to frequent handovers between the overlaid subcell and the underlaid subcell. IUO problem2 Problem Detail description Reply IUO problem2 1. 5. is set as 18. the underlaid subcell is always congested. and it selects the underlaid subcell only when the overlaid subcell is busy? 3.. and selects the underlaid subcell only when the overlaid subcell is congested. such handovers as PBGT handover and edge handover will be either delayed Confidential Information of Huawei.I or II. and the underlaid subcell is preferred if otherwise. 6. thus causing congestion in the underlaid subcell. For the configuration of preferring underlaid subcell. 2. In this case. why? If the Assign-Optimum-Level Thrsh. For the configuration of preferring overlaid subcell. Yes. 。 1. The configuration of this parameter must be accurate since it is the level of the overlaid subcell after power compensation functions in the handover decision procedure. It is true. does it mean an MS will select the underlaid subcell first no matter how higher the receiving level is. view the result of the measurement task “uplink and downlink balance performance measurement”,and check whether there are any hardware faults. No Spreading without Permission Page5. channels are allocated based on channel allocation algorithm. In this case.

the all-busy event seldom occurs to the cocentric cells. In my view.Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(Issue 1) Internal Open or advanced. be lower than the edge handover threshold? The Assign-Optimum-Level Thrsh. 9. In the case of up-downlink unbalance. In the case of up-downlink balance. The traffic statistics of IUO performance measurement measures the all-busy events occurring only to the underlaid/overlaid subcell. 2. the customers double that the all-busy event and assignment failure frequently occur to the TCH occupation in the underlaid subcells. and that of the TCH performance measurement measures the all-busy events occurring to both the underlaid subcell and the overlaid subcell. but not assignment failures since the overlaid subell assignment takes place instead. RACH min. 7. equals to the sum of the receiving level threshold and the up-down link balance margin. While according to TCH performance measurement. IUO traffic statistics Problem Detail description Reply IUO traffic statistics Most of the O3 sites are configured as IUO cell. IUO prbolem4 Problem Detail description Reply IUO problem4 Can the Assign-Optimum-Level Thrsh. No Spreading without Permission Page6. 8. cannot be lower than the sum of the edge handover threshold and signal intensity difference between the underlaid subcell and the overlaid subcell. access level Confidential Information of Huawei. however. the Assign-Optimum-Level Thrsh. the Assign-Optimum-Level Thrsh. equals to the receiving level threshold. has two options: 1. and so does the TCH assignment failure. Assign-Optimum-Level Thrsh. access level Problem 2004-05-288 RACH min. and sometimes for hundreds of times. What is your opinion? Yes. Total12 . According to the traffic statistics of IUO performance measurement. the traffic statistic result of the IUO performance measurement indicates only the times of all-busy events in underlaid subcell assignment. Therefore. the congestion and all-busy event occurs to the underlaid subcells frequently. you are right. Therefore.

there will be no combined gain of 3. The measurement result of “TCH call drop connected” deviates a lot from that of “TCH call drop connected”. “TCH call drop connected” measures the call-drops after the “connect" message. So the signal on the branch without TMA will be attenuated a lot. the CDU should be configured Power attenuation factor. Total12 . and even be none when the uplink signal is very weak. No Spreading without Permission Page7. Therefore. 11. The effect of Tower Mounted Amplifier on Diversity Receiving Problem Detail description Reply The effect of Tower Mounted Amplifier on Diversity Receiving 1. and this parameter takes effect also for RACH BURST handover access. can the TMA used on one branches bring alarm message? 1. access level nor the RACH busy threshold functions in handover access. while “TCH call drop” measures the call-drops after the “assignment complete” message. The TMA gain is about 12Db. Thereby. the more is the contribution.Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(Issue 1) Detail description Reply Internal Open Does the parameter “RACH min. The measurement result of “TCH call drop connected” deviates a lot from that of “TCH call drop”. it is normal that the measurement result of “TCH call drop connected” deviates a lot from that of “TCH call drop”. Please explain in a cell with two branches of feeders. the different effect of Tower Mounted Amplifier on Diversity Receiving between the TMA used on a branch and used on two branches. the bigger is the weighing value. access level” have any impact upon handover access? For the BTS20. Problem Detail description Reply 2004-05-288 The measurement result of “TCH call drop connected” deviates a lot from that of “TCH call drop connected”. Confidential Information of Huawei. the arithmetic of HUAWEI diversity receiving is to set a weighing value on main diversity according to S/N and signal strength. access level is additional. For BTS30. there is only one parameter (RACH busy threshold) set for handover access. 10. the S/N and signal strength of this branch will be much stronger than the other’s.5dB. 2. Neither the RACH min. 2. There will be no alarm message. When the TMA used. the parameterRACH min. If the TMA is used on only one branch.

especially for coverage along course line and over fishing waters? 1. According to data configuration specification. No Spreading without Permission Page8. 13. Over-sea coverage Problem Detail description Reply 2004-05-288 Network planning for over-sea coverage What should be taken into consideration in network planning and site selection for over-sea coverage. the attenuation of uplink signals will be great.4. Antenna height has great impact upon the coverage effect. sites of high position are chosen as locations for BTSs to realize broad over-sea coverage. Confidential Information of Huawei. The traffic statistic task will re-register at the next 3:15 in the morning after addition or deletion of sites/cells/TRXs. Therefore. Total12 . Problem Detail description Reply It is hard to make a call in the case of signal with the receiving level of -80dBm. Internal Open No measurement result outputs for traffic statistic Problem Detail description Reply No measurement result outputs for traffic statistic. The “Power attenuation factor” in the network is also set as 10 when there is no TMA. then CDU power attenuation factor should be configured as G . Generally. 14. modification to cell installation state or dynamic data configuration of cell CGI. thus leading to access failure even if the downlink signals are intensive. BTS adjusts the CDU gain based on “Tower-mounted amplifier flag” and “Power attenuation factor”. The customer said that it is hard to make a call when the signal intensity is -80dBm. It is hard to make a call in the case of signal with the receiving level of -80dBm. if the operations are completed before 3:15 in the morning of the day. Suppose TMA gain is G dB. No measurement result outputs for traffic statistic in the module1 between 3 o’clock and 4 o’clock. As a result. there will be no traffic statistic results for some periods. If otherwise. the traffic statistic task will re-register at 3:15 in the morning of the next day. the traffic statistic task will re-register at 3:15 in the morning of the day.Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(Issue 1) 12.

In early assignment mode. The sites of BTSs should be as near as possible to the sea. when does the calling party hears the alerting and at the same time which the signaling is the called party at)? 2. the antenna of wide (such as 90°) horizontal half-power angle is recommended. the inter-cell angle must be greater than 70°. If the area nearby the BTS to be covered is broad. In different assignment modes (early assignment or late assignment). The cabinet top output power of the previous BTS is 46dBm. No Spreading without Permission Page9. the MSC sends an ALERTING message to the calling party. BTS312 is recommended for the configuration. the signaling of the corresponding called MS is ALERTING. it must be greater than 90°. For 65° antenna. we recommended to configuration the BTS as S3/3/3 in the capacity expansion. and the signaling is sent on the SACCH channel. 2. At present. Since the output power over the cabinet top of the previous BTS is 46dBm. There must be not any barriers between the BTSs and the destination covered. each cell requires two dual polarization antennas. 4. The MS has already occupied the TCH. and for 90° antenna.0 or BTS312? 1. The calling number is sent to the called party with the SETUP signaling. 16. 2. When is the calling number (MSISDN) sent to the called party? 1. Total12 . Signaling procedure Problem Detail Description Reply Signaling procedure 1. and the customer plans to configure it as S4/4/4 in a capacity expansion. who converts it to a alerting tone. 3. 15. Which is better for the configuration. In this case. The customer agreed and asked whether it is necessary to replace the CDU if configuring the BTS as S4/4/4 in the future capacity expansion. BTS3. Therefore. it is sent on the SACCH channel. four feeders and an additional cabinet. Consideration must be taken for the cabinet top output Confidential Information of Huawei. whether there are any better solutions.Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(Issue 1) Internal Open 2. The single-polarized antenna of high gain (such as 18DBI) is preferred in antenna selection. Upon receiving an ACM message (from PSTN subscriber) or ALERTING message (from mobile subscriber). we select the TRX board of large power (60W) or adopts the (40W+PBU)+EDU mode to solve the problem. generally on SDCCH channel. The inter-cell angle is subject to the width of the horizontal beam of the antenna. BTS configuration after Capacity expansion Problem Detail Descrip tion Reply 2004-05-288 BTS configuration after Capacity expansion A BTS is configurated as S1/1/1.

and the subsequent signaling is processed at the target BSC. antenna gain and feeder type to ensure the coverage in capacity expansion. For rural network in some areas. the subsequent procedure after direct retry can be treated as a normal handover procedure. generally caused by data configuration error. Therefore. 2. This course is referred to as direct retry. The interference of cells around covered by other manufacturers must be taken into consideration in frequency planning. BSIC. and then implements the handover as normal. Total12 . 3. If the previous frequency planning has not been done separately for BCCH and TCH. it is necessary to replace the combiner and the antenna. Now we consider to use direct retry to share the traffic load. No Spreading without Permission Page10. 18. 17. CGI and so on to make them consistent in devices from different manufactories. Emphasis must be put on the configuration of neighbor cell relationship. Rural network Problem Detail Descrip tion Reply Rural network Which points should we concern in rural network planning? 1. the BSC initiates a handover request with the reason value of “DIRECTED RETRY”. Direct retry in combined networking Problem Detail Descrip tion Reply 2004-05-288 Direct retry in combined networking Around an Huawei iSite with S1/1 configuration.Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(Issue 1) Internal Open power. and how about the data configuration? The BSC checks whether the “direct retry allowed” is enabled when finding that there are not idle TCHs available in the cell to which the MS accessed. the direct retry procedure ends. it is also necessary to consider the interface of TCH in frequency planning. will it be any troubles to carry out this plan. the adjacent BTSs are all provided by other manufacturers. 3. Therefore. especially for the location of the opposite cell and the correctness of the parameter configuration. If the “direct retry allowed” is enabled. Confidential Information of Huawei. The unique difference compared with the normal handover is that the target BSC may either send a ASSIGNMENT COMPLETE message or a HANDOVER COMPLETE message to the MSC upon receipt of a HANDOVER COMPLETE message from the MS. To configure the BTS as S4/4/4 in CDU mode. make sure to confirm the configuration of such parameters as BCCH. When the handover completes. inter-BSC handover frequently fails.

If the number of resending times exceeds Ny1 and BTS still has not received any correct SAMB frame from MS. If the new LA of the MS after LA updates belongs to anther MSC. Total12 . Please explain the T3105 and Max resent times of physical information Problem Detail Descrip tion Reply Please explain the T3105 and Max resent times of physical information. Please explain the T3105 and Max resent times of physical information During the asynchronous handover. When Ny1 * T3105 > the duration between EST IND and HO DETECT. 20. it sends the MSG_ABIS_HO_DETECT message to BSC. the MS gives the information indicating out of the serving cell. and starts timer T3105. The reason is that the MS has already reselected a new cell during the paging. When BTS detects the Burst. MS handover will fail. it delivers the fourth and the fifth paging actions to all LAs of the MS in the local MSC. See Protocol 0858 and 0408. then the original MSC certainly cannot receive a response for the paging actions. 19. If the MSC receives no response after the first three paging actions. but not initiate or completed location update. it will release the assigned dedicated channel and stop timer T3105. then. The value of this parameter can be increased correspondingly when the handover becomes slow and handover success rate is low which is caused by clock or bad transmission condition. MS constantly sends the handover access Burst to BTS. the paging to MS is still delivered to the previous LA. the first three paging actions by the MSC are delivered to the LA of the MS fetched at the time. The MS cannot make a response for the paging in the course of LA updating. If the timer T3105 times out before receiving the SAMB frame from MS.Can you explain the phenomenon in details? 1. After BSC receives the messages. No Spreading without Permission Page11. BTS send physical information to the MS on the main DCCH/FACCH. The physical information contains related information of different physical layers so as to guarantee the correct access of MS. 2. BTS re-sends physical information to MS.Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(Issue 1) Internal Open Data configuration should be done according to Data Configuration Requirements. Otherwise. At the same time. Why No response for paging Problem Detail Descrip tion Reply 2004-05-288 Why No response for paging The MS is out of the serving cell due to frequent inter-LA cell reselection. Confidential Information of Huawei. MS handover will succeed. BTS will send BSC the connection failure message and handover failure message. in addition. This parameter specifies the maximum times Ny1 for re-sending physical information. After the MS finishes a cell reselection but before complete the location update.

Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(Issue 1) 2004-05-288 Confidential Information of Huawei. Total12 . No Spreading without Permission Internal Open Page12.