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Bipul Brahma

Electronic braking system (EBS) is an automobile brake technology that

automatically varies the amount of force applied to each of a vehicle's brakes, based on road
conditions, speed, loading, etc. Always coupled with anti-lock braking systems, EBS can apply
more or less braking pressure to each wheel in order to maximize stopping power whilst
maintaining vehicular control.Typically, the front end carries the most weight and EBS
distributes less braking pressure to the rear brakes so the rear brakes do not lock up and cause
a skid.

KEYWORDSElectronic braking system (EBS), Yaw sensor, Differential slip control (DSR), Anti lock braking system
(ABS),Electronic control unit(ECU).

Driving safety has been a major focus of the automotive industry for many
years. Car manufacturers have poured millions of dollars into researching safety and regulatory
devices and the result has been an astonishing improvement in the safety of even the most
inexpensive vehicles. Some of the most impressive safety improvements involve braking. The
ability to stop a car in a safe manner is crucial in preventing accidents.
The first electronic antilock braking systems (ABS) were introduced 25 years ago. Since then the
original ABS setups have evolved from basic systems designed to combat wheel lockup and
skidding under braking into traction control systems that also prevent wheelspin under
acceleration. By the late 90s, some high-performance sports cars morphed the technology
even further, introducing electronic braking system (EBS) that automatically brakes individual
wheels as needed for improved handling and steering control.
Antilock braking systems (ABS) are now found in almost all cars, and with the addition of
refinements like electronic braking system (EBS).These systems, along with an alert driver, can
stop many accidents before they ever happen.

WORKINGEBS is based on the principle that not every wheel needs to put forth the same
effort into bringing the car to a stop. An EBS system can not only detect how much weight is
being supported by each wheel, but change the amount of braking power sent to each wheel
on an instant-by-instant basis.
EBS works with electronic signals. The EBS electronic controls the system through these signals
and can communicate with the individual components at all times. The valves on the brake
cylinders generate the required braking pressure according to the control signals.
The EBS permanently receives current information concerning the speed of the wheels through
speed sensors that are mounted on the wheels of the vehicle for the integrated ABS function.
Different integrated brake management functions recognise deviations from the normal driving
conditions and intervene in the driving process at hazards.
Most EBS systems also include a yaw sensor, which detects the rotation of the vehicle as it
turns. This can be compared with the angle of the steering wheel by using a steering wheel
angle sensor to detect oversteer (too much rotation relative to the angle of the wheel) or

understeer (not enough rotation relative to the angle of the wheel). EBS can then correct the
steering by activating one of the rear brakes. For instance, if the car begins to understeer, the
inner rear brake is activated to increase the car's rotation. If the car begins to oversteer, the
outer rear brake is activated to decrease the car's rotation.
If the electronic braking system malfunctions, all valves work simultaneously similar to the
conventional pneumatic system. Therefore the braking pressure is managed redundant to the
brake cylinder whereas the pneumatic system acts temporally delayed.


EBS improves braking comfort

By actuating the brake pedal the driver defines the deceleration request. The EBS ECU transmits
this input electronically to all braking system components. The braking system's shorter
response times provide a more comfortable and finely- tuned braking feeling, independent of
the vehicles load situation.
EBS increases vehicle safety
Electronic activation of the EBS braking components clearly reduces response and build-up
times in the brake cylinders. This in turn reduces braking distance by several meters, which can
be decisive in some situations. The integrated ABS function ensures driving stability and
steerability throughout the braking procedure. The differential slip control (DSR) provides for
automatic braking force distribution between the front and rear axles according to the load
EBS optimizes brake wear
EBS provides for continuous brake wear monitoring as well as brake
wear harmonization between the axles. This function can be used to align dates of maintenance
with that of brake relining. This reduces downtime and improves the cost-benefit ratio.

EBS makes maintenance easier

Comprehensive integrated diagnostic and monitoring functions enable EBS to permanently selftest.

The antilock braking system (ABS) functions with a natural feel and minimal vibration.
In contrast to conventional systems, EBS features ultra-precise control of brake fluid pressure
that helps prevent wheel lock. As a result, the system minimizes vehicle vibration and
eliminates brake lever pulsing for superior, ultra-smooth ABS performance and braking.

Adjust the distribution of braking force according to rider's braking input and release
Electronically sensing whether or not a rider is employing the front brake level,EBS adjusts the
distribution of front and rear braking forces accordingly to offer highly responsive super sports
bike braking. Braking input and brake release are modulated and distributed complementing
the responsive vehicle behavior of super sports bikes. This is one further advantage that
Electronically Controlled Combined ABS has to offer.

With the advent of electronic braking system began a new stage in the
automotive industry. Naturally, for the development of EBS brake system a lot of time and
money had been spent. In the case of the high costs of the development of the electronic
device of the brake system has paid for road safety and increased performance vehicles, as well
as reduced the cost of operating a car. EBS has greatly improved vehicle control, reaction and
stability during braking over and above that currently possible from a conventional pneumatic

1. D.Marlan, SENIOR TECHNICAL EDITOR ,Hot Rod Magazine, August 04, 2011
2. P.Mark, VOSA Technical Services Swansea Publications,September 2003,
3. EBS Electronically Controlled Brake System System and functional description 2nd
Edition,WABCO Publications